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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692075/-phosphorus-application-effects-and-input-threshold-of-chinese-cabbage-in-the-oasis-irrigation-region
#1
Cai Yun Lian, Zhong Ming Ma
To resolve the problem of higher application and lower use efficiency of phosphorus fertilizer of Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis), the yield, use efficiency of phosphate fertilizer and soil phosphate balance were examined by a located field trial in Zhangye Observation and Experiment Station of the Agro-ecological Environment in oasis irrigation region from 2011 to 2013. The results showed that the yield increased with the increase of phosphorus fertilization rate from 0 to 112.52 kg P·hm-2 , beyond which there would be no further enhancement...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691997/mortality-after-endophthalmitis-following-contemporary-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery
#2
Philip J Polkinghorne, Niall Crosby, Bia Kim, Charles McGhee, Sarah Welch, Andrew Riley, Philip J Polkinghorne
IMPORTANCE: To determine if endophthamitis following cataract surgery is linked to increased mortality. BACKGROUND: Increased mortality has been linked to patients with cataract and cataract surgery. We tested the hypothesis that post-cataract endophthalitis has a greater risk of death than pseudo-phakes who don't develop this complication. DESIGN: Case control study conducted in a tertiary public hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study group comprised of 50 consecutive patients with post-cataract endophthalmitis and these were matched selected controls...
April 24, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691979/the-bdnf-val68met-polymorphism-modulates-how-developmental-ethanol-exposure-impacts-the-hippocampus
#3
Clark W Bird, Brian C Baculis, Jacob J Mayfield, Glenna J Chavez, Tiahna Ontiveros, Dana J Paine, Aaron J Marks, Alicia L Gonzales, Dorit Ron, C Fernando Valenzuela
Prenatal exposure to alcohol causes a wide range of deficits known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). Many factors determine vulnerability to developmental alcohol exposure including timing and pattern of exposure, nutrition, and genetics. Here, we characterized how a prevalent single nucleotide polymorphism in the human brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (val66met) modulates FASDs severity. This polymorphism disrupts BDNF's intracellular trafficking and activity dependent secretion, and has been linked to increased incidence of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety...
April 24, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691974/aboriginal-experiences-of-cancer-and-care-coordination-lessons-from-the-cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-narratives
#4
Rachel Reilly, Jasmine Micklem, Paul Yerrell, David Banham, Kim Morey, Janet Stajic, Marion Eckert, Monica Lawrence, Harold B Stewart, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people with cancer experience worse outcomes than other Australians for a range of complex and interrelated reasons. A younger age at diagnosis, higher likelihood of more advanced cancer or cancer type with poorer prognosis, geographic isolation and cultural and language diversity mean that patient pathways are potentially more complex for Aboriginal people with cancer. In addition, variation in the quality and acceptability of care may influence cancer outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691812/excipient-selection-and-aerodynamic-characterization-of-nebulized-lipid-based-nanoemulsion-loaded-with-docetaxel-for-lung-cancer-treatment
#5
Azren Aida Asmawi, Norazlinaliza Salim, Cheng Loong Ngan, Haslina Ahmad, Emilia Abdulmalek, Mas Jaffri Masarudin, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman
Docetaxel has demonstrated extraordinary anticancer effects on lung cancer. However, lack of optimal bioavailability due to poor solubility and high toxicity at its therapeutic dose has hampered the clinical use of this anticancer drug. Development of nanoemulsion formulation along with biocompatible excipients aimed for pulmonary delivery is a potential strategy to deliver this poorly aqueous soluble drug with improved bioavailability and biocompatibility. In this work, screening and selection of pharmaceutically acceptable excipients at their minimal optimal concentration have been conducted...
April 24, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691711/biomechanics-and-mechanical-signaling-in-the-ovary-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jaimin S Shah, Reem Sabouni, Kamaria C Cayton Vaught, Carter M Owen, David F Albertini, James H Segars
PURPOSE: Mammalian oogenesis and folliculogenesis share a dynamic connection that is critical for gamete development. For maintenance of quiescence or follicular activation, follicles must respond to soluble signals (growth factors and hormones) and physical stresses, including mechanical forces and osmotic shifts. Likewise, mechanical processes are involved in cortical tension and cell polarity in oocytes. Our objective was to examine the contribution and influence of biomechanical signaling in female mammalian gametogenesis...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691592/-minimally-invasive-vs-open-partial-nephrectomy-perioperative-success-and-complication-rates
#7
A Boy, J Hein, M Bollow, D Lazica, A Roosen, B Ubrig
BACKGROUND: Solid renal masses are increasingly treated with nephron-sparing surgery. As in other uro-oncological surgical techniques, minimally invasive and robotic-assisted techniques are becoming increasingly popular. OBJECTIVES: The perioperative results from minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery versus open surgery were retrospectively compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our single center retrospective study, all patients who underwent nephron-sparing tumor excision between 2006 and 2016 were divided into two groups (group O = open approach and group M = minimally invasive approach)...
April 24, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691165/acetabular-focal-chondral-lesions-are-not-associated-with-worse-outcomes-after-periacetabular-osteotomy-a-matched-group-analyses
#8
Michael D Hellman, Jeffery J Nepple, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Rafael J Sierra, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of patients who underwent combined hip arthroscopy and periacetabular osteotomy with acetabular focal chondral defects and compare these outcomes with a group of patients without focal chondral defects. METHODS: A retrospective review looking at patients who underwent hip arthroscopy and/or periacetabular osteotomy was performed. Minimum 2-year follow-up, Tönnis grade 0-1, and a Beck chondromalacia stages 4-5 were included...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691099/influence-of-aortic-neck-characteristics-on-successful-aortic-wall-penetration-of-endoanchors-in-therapeutic-use-during-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#9
Seline R Goudeketting, Kim van Noort, Kenneth Ouriel, William D Jordan, Jean M Panneton, Cornelis H Slump, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to quantify EndoAnchor (Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif) penetration into the aortic wall in patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and to assess predictors of successful penetration and its relationship to postprocedural type IA endoleak. METHODS: A subset of patients from the Aneurysm Treatment Using the Heli-FX Aortic Securement System Global Registry (ANCHOR) were included if they met the following criteria: the indication for EndoAnchor use was to treat a type IA endoleak, and postprocedure contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans of sufficient quality were available for core laboratory review...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690970/role-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-tube-placement-in-the-management-of-acute-calculus-cholecystitis-in-high-risk-patients
#10
K M Inam Pal, Arif Ali, Hassaan Bari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of percutaneous cholecystostomy tube in patients with acute calculus cholecystitis, who are considered unfit for immediate surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from January 2010 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: All adult patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy tube placement for acute calculous cholecystitis were included...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690960/is-hepatovenocaval-syndrome-a-different-entity-from-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-children
#11
Nadia Waheed, Huma Arshad Cheema, Hassan Suleman, Iqra Mushtaq, Zafar Fayyaz, Nadeem Anjum
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between clinical and demographic spectrum, and outcome in hepatovenocaval syndrome (HVCS) and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children Hospital, Lahore, from January 2014 to January 2017. METHODOLOGY: All children less than 18 years of age, presenting with ascites and visible veins over abdomen, flanks and back were enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690892/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-topical-administration-of-tranexamic-acid-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#12
Wei Luo, Ru-Xin Sun, Han Jiang, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: We conducted a meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs to assess the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in spine surgery. METHODS: Potentially relevant academic articles were identified from the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (1966-2017.11), PubMed (1966-2017.11), Embase (1980-2017.11), and ScienceDirect (1985-2017.11). Secondary sources were identified from the references of the included literature. The pooled data were analyzed using RevMan 5...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690870/palliative-care-for-homeless-people-a-systematic-review-of-the-concerns-care-needs-and-preferences-and-the-barriers-and-facilitators-for-providing-palliative-care
#13
Hanna T Klop, Anke J E de Veer, Sophie I van Dongen, Anneke L Francke, Judith A C Rietjens, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
BACKGROUND: Homeless people often suffer from complex and chronic comorbidities, have high rates of morbidity and die at much younger ages than the general population. Due to a complex combination of physical, psychosocial and addiction problems at the end of life, they often have limited access to palliative care. Both the homeless and healthcare providers experience a lot of barriers. Therefore, providing palliative care that fits the needs and concerns of the homeless is a challenge to healthcare providers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690694/-study-on-the-incidence-of-lateral-canals-and-sealing-quality-in-the-apical-third-roots-of-permanent-teeth-with-failed-endodontic-treatments
#14
X X Huang, M Fu, G Q Yan, B X Hou
Objective: To investigate the association between the frequency and filling rate of lateral canals and the sealing quality in the apical third roots of the permanent teeth with failed endodontic treatments, so as to explore the failure factors of root canal therapy. Methods: Clinical records of the permanent teeth with failed endodontic treatments were collected from the Department of Endodontics, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology during a period of 2 years. The teeth were diagnosed as chronic apical periodontitis and then undergone endodontic microsurgery...
April 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690620/silk-route-to-the-acceptance-and-re-implementation-of-bacteriophage-therapy-part-ii
#15
Wilbert Sybesma, Christine Rohde, Pavol Bardy, Jean-Paul Pirnay, Ian Cooper, Jonathan Caplin, Nina Chanishvili, Aidan Coffey, Daniel De Vos, Amber Hartman Scholz, Shawna McCallin, Hilke Marie Püschner, Roman Pantucek, Rustam Aminov, Jiří Doškař, D İpek Kurtbӧke
This perspective paper follows up on earlier communications on bacteriophage therapy that we wrote as a multidisciplinary and intercontinental expert-panel when we first met at a bacteriophage conference hosted by the Eliava Institute in Tbilisi, Georgia in 2015. In the context of a society that is confronted with an ever-increasing number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, we build on the previously made recommendations and specifically address how the Nagoya Protocol might impact the further development of bacteriophage therapy...
April 23, 2018: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690535/projection-of-future-mortality-due-to-temperature-and-population-changes-under-representative-concentration-pathways-and-shared-socioeconomic-pathways
#16
Jae Young Lee, Ejin Kim, Woo-Seop Lee, Yeora Chae, Ho Kim
The Paris Agreement aims to limit the global temperature increase to below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to even below 1.5 °C. Now, it should be asked what benefits are in pursuing these two targets. In this study, we assessed the temperature⁻mortality relationship using a distributed lag non-linear model in seven major cities of South Korea. Then, we projected future temperature-attributable mortality under different Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) and Shared Socioeconomic Pathway (SSP) scenarios for those cities...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689700/physical-health-conditions-associated-with-full-and-subthreshold-ptsd-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#17
Renée El-Gabalawy, Caitlin Blaney, Jack Tsai, Jennifer A Sumner, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: While both full and subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be linked to physical conditions, contemporary population-based data on these associations in military veterans are scarce. Further, little is known about how component aspects of PTSD, which is a heterogeneous disorder, may relate to physical conditions in this population. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a population-based sample of 3157 U.S. military veterans who participated in the 2011 National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689578/peripartum-morbidity-after-cesarean-delivery-for-arrest-of-dilation-at-4-to-5-cm-compared-with-6-to-10-cm
#18
Joshua D Dahlke, Jeffrey D Sperling, Phinnara Has, Todd R Lovgren, Brendan D Connealy, Dwight J Rouse
OBJECTIVE:  Given that recent consensus guidelines established to decrease cesarean delivery (CD) rates use 6 cm to define the onset of the active phase of labor, our objective was to evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes after CD for the indication of arrest of dilation at 4 to 5 cm compared with ≥ 6 cm. STUDY DESIGN:  We performed a secondary analysis using data from the Maternal Fetal-Medicine Units Network Cesarean Registry. We included nulliparous women with term, singleton, vertex gestations who underwent primary CD for arrest of dilation...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689393/peak-timing-for-complications-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#19
Alan H Daniels, Shay Bess, Breton Line, Adam E M Eltorai, Daniel B C Reid, Virginie Lafage, Behrooz A Akbarnia, Christopher P Ames, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Douglas C Burton, Vedat Deviren, Han Jo Kim, Robert A Hart, Khaled M Kebaish, Eric O Klineberg, Munish Gupta, Gregory M Mundis, Richard A Hostin, Michael O'Brien, Frank J Schwab, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith
BACKGROUND: Overall complication rates for adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery have been reported, however little data exists on the peak timing associated with specific complications. This study quantifies the peak timing for multiple complication types in an ASD cohort at minimum 2-year follow up. METHODS: Multi-center, prospective analysis of all complications following ASD surgery in a consecutively enrolled cohort was performed. Inclusion criteria were ASD, age ≥ 18 years, spinal fusion ≥ 4 levels, and minimum 2-year follow-up...
April 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689391/risk-factors-for-in-hospital-seizures-and-new-onset-epilepsy-in-coil-embolization-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#20
Suresh K Nathan, Neel Brahme, Ahmed Kashkoush, Katherine Anetakis, Brian T Jankowitz, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to determine risk factors for inpatient seizures and long-term epilepsy in patients receiving coil embolization for aneurysm associated subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients admitted at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from 2010 - 2014 for subarachnoid hemorrhage. Only patients with coil embolization were included. Variables such as subdural hematoma, cerebral infarction, post-operative vasospasm, cerebral edema, and mass effect were collected...
April 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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