keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital acquired

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231651/radiographic-measurement-of-joint-space-width-using-the-fixed-flexion-view-in-1-102-knees-of-japanese-patients-with-osteoarthritis-in-comparison-with-the-standing-extended-view
#1
Hiroyuki Kan, Yuji Arai, Masashi Kobayashi, Shuji Nakagawa, Hiroaki Inoue, Manabu Hino, Shintaro Komaki, Kazuya Ikoma, Keiichiro Ueshima, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
Purpose: The fixed flexion view (FFV) of the knee is considered useful for evaluating the joint space when assessing the severity of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. To clarify the usefulness of FFV for evaluation of the joint space and severity of knee OA, this study evaluated changes in the joint space on the FFV and standing extended view (SEV) in patients with knee OA. Materials and Methods: The SEV and FFV images were acquired in 567 patients (1,102 knees) who visited the hospital with a chief complaint of knee joint pain...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228969/prevention-and-treatment-of-neonatal-nosocomial-infections
#2
REVIEW
Jayashree Ramasethu
Nosocomial or hospital acquired infections threaten the survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, and increase cost of care. Premature infants are particularly vulnerable since they often undergo invasive procedures and are dependent on central catheters to deliver nutrition and on ventilators for respiratory support. Prevention of nosocomial infection is a critical patient safety imperative, and invariably requires a multidisciplinary approach. There are no short cuts...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228245/legionellosis-acquired-through-a-dental-unit-a-case-study
#3
C Schönning, C Jernberg, D Klingenberg, S Andersson, A Pääjärvi, E Alm, E Tano, B Lytsy
In 2012, an elderly immunocompromised man died from legionellosis at a hospital in Uppsala, Sweden. The patient had visited a dental ward at the hospital during the incubation period. Legionella spp. at a concentration of 2000 colony-forming units/L were isolated from the cupfiller outlet providing water for oral rinsing. Isolates from the patient and the dental unit were Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1, subgroup Knoxville and ST9. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and whole-genome sequencing strongly suggested that the isolates were of common origin...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228183/hospitalizations-associated-with-salmonellosis-among-seniors-in-canada-2000-2010
#4
P Turgeon, R Murray, A Nesbitt
Salmonella is one of the most prevalent bacteria associated with enteric illness in Canada and seniors are considered a vulnerable population more likely to develop severe illness. In the coming decades, hospitalizations and deaths associated with Salmonella in seniors could represent a challenge due to an aging population in Canada. The numbers of non-typhoidal (NT) Salmonella-related hospitalizations from the Canadian Hospitalization Morbidity Database were analysed for a period of 10 years for seniors. Hospitalization rate calculations and descriptive analyses were performed on variables associated with the burden of hospitalization and compared with the adult age group...
February 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228135/comparison-of-digital-panoramic-radiography-versus-cone-beam-computerized-tomography-for-measuring-alveolar-bone
#5
Zunan Tang, Xianchu Liu, Kejia Chen
BACKGROUND: Cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) has been widely used in dental implanting. However, the local hospitals usually don't have access to CBCT due to the cost and medical investment, especially in West of China. The doctors in local hospitals have to make reasonable dental planting using orthopantomography (OPG) to reduce risks. Therefore, it is clinically meaningful to determine the magnification rate of OPG to obtain correct diagnosis. This study investigated the magnification rate of OPG in measuring different maxillofacial loci compared with CBCT...
February 22, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227727/the-effect-of-data-exchange-protocols-on-decision-support-systems-for-heart-sounds
#6
P Gomes, S Faria, M Coimbra, P Gomes, S Faria, M Coimbra, P Gomes, S Faria, M Coimbra
Heart auscultation is one of the basic exams performed during a patient physical examination, but it is also one that has a high skill ceiling. Decision support systems can provide physicians with a tool that can help to reduce the demanding skill requirements of this exam. Nevertheless, this second opinion needs to be delivered in a timely interval in order to be truly useful for a physician. To do this we need not only optimized algorithms, but also a well designed system. In this paper, we have studied how two different data exchange protocols, that define how data should be transferred from an acquisition to a process module, can impact the celerity of delivering second opinion to a physician...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227709/bayesian-gaussian-processes-for-identifying-the-deteriorating-patient
#7
Glen Wright Colopy, Marco A F Pimentel, Stephen J Roberts, David A Clifton, Glen Wright Colopy, Marco A F Pimentel, Stephen J Roberts, David A Clifton, Glen Wright Colopy, Marco A F Pimentel, Stephen J Roberts, David A Clifton
The step-down unit (SDU) is a high-acuity hospital environment, to which patients may be sent after discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU). About 1- in-7 patients will deteriorate in the SDU and require emergency readmission to the ICU. Upon readmission, these patients experience significantly higher mortality risks and lengths of stay. Gaussian process regression (GPR) models are proposed as a flexible, principled, probabilistic method to address the clinical need to monitor continuously patient time-series of vital signs acquired in the SDU...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227581/a-novel-system-to-tackle-hospital-acquired-pressure-ulcers
#8
B S Renganathan, S P Preejith, Sridhar Nagaiyan, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam, B S Renganathan, S P Preejith, Sridhar Nagaiyan, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam, S P Preejith, B S Renganathan, Sridhar Nagaiyan, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam
Hospital acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) is a major problem that affects around one in twenty patients who are admitted in hospital with sudden illness. These ulcers often occur when patients have limited mobility and cannot change positions in bed on their own. Traditionally, the occurrence of HAPUs has been minimized by turning the patient every 2 hours to alternating lateral and supine positions, and by using pressure redistributing mattresses. In many healthcare facilities, such a patient repositioning schedule is not always maintained owing to low caregiver compliance to turning protocols...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227580/non-invasive-bcg-monitoring-for-non-traditional-settings
#9
Esteban J Pino, Constanza Larsen, Javier Chavez, Pablo Aqueveque, Esteban J Pino, Constanza Larsen, Javier Chavez, Pablo Aqueveque, Javier Chavez, Constanza Larsen, Pablo Aqueveque, Esteban J Pino
This paper presents the results from actual measurements of cardiac activity acquired through the use of noninvasive sensors to detect Ballistocardiogram (BCG). The results show that it is feasible to unobtrusively monitor heart rate in non-standard settings such as waiting rooms or at school using simple chairs fitted with capacitive sensors. The selected sensors, based on electromechanical principles, are able to measure BCG from a variety of subjects. We present the results for 114 participants from homes, school and a hospital waiting room, adding up over 815 minutes of data...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227486/patient-walk-detection-in-hospital-room-using-microsoft-kinect-v2
#10
Liang Liu, Sanjay Mehrotra, Liang Liu, Sanjay Mehrotra, Liang Liu, Sanjay Mehrotra
This paper describes a system using Kinect sensor to detect patient walk automatically in a hospital room setting. The system is especially essential for the case when the patient is alone and the nursing staff is absent. The patient activities are represented by the features extracted from Kinect V2 skeletons. The analysis to the recognized walk could help us to better understand the health situation of the patient and the possible hospital acquired infection (HAI), and provide valuable information to healthcare givers for making a corresponding treatment decision and alteration...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226754/pixel-based-skin-segmentation-in-psoriasis-images
#11
Y George, M Aldeen, R Garnavi, Y George, M Aldeen, R Garnavi, M Aldeen, Y George, R Garnavi
In this paper, we present a detailed comparison study of skin segmentation methods for psoriasis images. Different techniques are modified and then applied to a set of psoriasis images acquired from the Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, with aim of finding the best technique suited for application to psoriasis images. We investigate the effect of different colour transformations on skin detection performance. In this respect, explicit skin thresholding is evaluated with three different decision boundaries (CbCr, HS and rgHSV)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225343/infection-control-and-tuberculosis-in-health-care-workers-an-assessment-of-28-hospitals-in-south-africa
#12
L M O'Hara, A Yassi, E A Bryce, A Janse van Rensburg, M C Engelbrecht, M Zungu, L E Nophale, J M FitzGerald
SETTING: Twenty-eight public hospitals in the Free State Province, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between tuberculosis (TB) infection control (IC) scores in Free State hospitals and the incidence of TB disease among health care workers (HCWs) in 2012. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey and mixed-methods analysis of TB IC policies, practices and infrastructure using a comprehensive, 83-item IC audit and observation tool. RESULTS: As the total IC score increased, the probability of TB in an HCW at that hospital decreased...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224111/attributable-cost-of-a-nosocomial-infection-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Binila Chacko, Kurien Thomas, Thambu David, Hema Paul, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, John Victor Peter
AIM: To study the impact of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) on cost and outcome from intensive care units (ICU) in India. METHODS: Adult patients (> 18 years) admitted over 1-year, to a 24-bed medical critical care unit in India, were enrolled prospectively. Treatment cost and outcome data were collected. This cost data was merged with HAI data collected prospectively by the Hospital Infection Control Committee. Only infections occurring during ICU stay were included...
February 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224108/implementation-of-enteral-feeding-protocol-in-an-intensive-care-unit-before-and-after-study
#14
Martin Padar, Gerli Uusvel, Liis Starkopf, Joel Starkopf, Annika Reintam Blaser
AIM: To determine the effects of implementing an enteral feeding protocol on the nutritional delivery and outcomes of intensive care patients. METHODS: An uncontrolled, observational before-and-after study was performed in a tertiary mixed medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU). In 2013, a nurse-driven enteral feeding protocol was developed and implemented in the ICU. Nutrition and outcome-related data from patients who were treated in the study unit from 2011-2012 (the Before group) and 2014-2015 (the After group) were obtained from a local electronic database, the national Population Registry and the hospital's Infection Control Service...
February 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223459/evolution-and-epidemiology-of-multidrug-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#15
Danesh Moradigaravand, Veronique Martin, Sharon J Peacock, Julian Parkhill
Klebsiella pneumoniae is a human commensal and opportunistic pathogen that has become a leading causative agent of hospital-based infections over the past few decades. The emergence and global expansion of hypervirulent and multidrug-resistant (MDR) clones of K. pneumoniae have been increasingly reported in community-acquired and nosocomial infections. Despite this, the population genomics and epidemiology of MDR K. pneumoniae at the national level are still poorly understood. To obtain insights into these, we analyzed a systematic large-scale collection of invasive MDR K...
February 21, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223450/raising-the-alarmone-within-host-evolution-of-antibiotic-tolerant-enterococcus-faecium
#16
Daria Van Tyne, Michael S Gilmore
Enterococci are ancient commensal bacteria that recently emerged as leading causes of antibiotic-resistant, hospital-acquired infection. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) epitomize why drug-resistant enterococcal infections are a problem: VRE readily colonize the antibiotic-perturbed gastrointestinal (GI) tract where they amplify to large numbers, and from there, they infect other body sites, including the bloodstream, urinary tract, and surgical wounds. VRE are resistant to many antimicrobials and host defenses, which facilitates establishment at the site of infection and confounds therapeutic clearance...
February 21, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223319/development-and-testing-of-the-pediatric-respiratory-illness-measurement-system-primes-quality-indicators
#17
Rita Mangione-Smith, Carol P Roth, Maria T Britto, Alex Y Chen, Julie McGalliard, Thomas F Boat, John L Adams, Elizabeth A McGlynn
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test quality indicators for assessing care in pediatric hospital settings for common respiratory illnesses. PATIENTS: A sample of 2796 children discharged from the emergency department or inpatient setting at 1 of the 3 participating hospitals with a primary diagnosis of asthma, bronchiolitis, croup, or community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2011. SETTING: Three tertiary care children's hospitals in the United States...
February 21, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222615/clinical-associations-biological-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#18
Hafize Nalan Gunes, Burcu Gokce Cokal, Selda Keskin Guler, Tahir Kurtulus Yoldas, Umit Yavuz Malkan, Cemile Sencer Demircan, Mehmet Ilker Yon, Zeynep Yoldas, Gursel Gunes, Ibrahim Celalettin Haznedaroglu
Objective Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare cerebrovascular disease affecting young adults. The majority of the patients are female. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical associations, risk factors and outcomes of the patients with CVST. Methods The data of 75 patients with CVST admitted to our hospital between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical features and the thrombophilic risk factors of the patients were recorded. The localizations of the thrombi were determined and modified Rankin score at the time of onset and discharge were calculated...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221010/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-predicts-mortality-after-hospitalization-for-community-acquired-pneumonia
#19
Stefan M T Vestjens, Simone M C Spoorenberg, Ger T Rijkers, Jan C Grutters, Jurriën M Ten Berg, Peter G Noordzij, Ewoudt M W Van de Garde, Willem Jan W Bos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mortality after hospitalization with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is high, compared with age-matched controls. Available evidence suggests a strong link with cardiovascular disease. Our aim was to explore the prognostic value of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (cTnT) for mortality in patients hospitalized with CAP. METHODS: CTnT level on admission was measured (assay conducted in 2015) in 295 patients hospitalized with CAP who participated in a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial on adjunctive dexamethasone treatment...
February 21, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219408/the-impact-of-post-operative-sepsis-on-mortality-after-hospital-discharge-among-elective-surgical-patients-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Lixin Ou, Jack Chen, Ken Hillman, Arthas Flabouris, Michael Parr, Hassan Assareh, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Our aim in the present study was to assess the mortality impact of hospital-acquired post-operative sepsis up to 1 year after hospital discharge among adult non-short-stay elective surgical patients. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study of all elective surgical patients admitted to 82 public acute hospitals between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 in New South Wales, Australia. All adult elective surgical admission patients who stayed in hospital for ≥4 days and survived to discharge after post-operative sepsis were identified using the Admitted Patient Data Collection records linked with the Registry of Births, Deaths, and Marriages...
February 20, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
keyword
keyword
23343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"