keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital acquired

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641305/incidence-of-autoimmune-myasthenia-gravis-in-a-health-maintenance-organization-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#1
Mariela Bettini, Marcelo Chaves, Edgardo Cristiano, Vanina Pagotto, Lucia Perez, Diego Giunta, Marcelo Rugiero
BACKGROUND: Different epidemiological studies, especially in Europe, have estimated the incidence density of myasthenia gravis (MG) to range between 1.7 and 21.3/1,000,000/person-year; however, data from regions such as Latin America are scarce. This study is aimed at estimating the incidence and prevalence of acquired MG in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: The study population comprised of affiliates of the Italian Hospital Medical Care Program, a prepaid health maintenance organization located in Buenos Aires...
June 23, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640870/dominance-of-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-clones-in-a-maternity-hospital
#2
Edet E Udo, Noura Al-Sweih
BACKGROUND: Methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major pathogen causing healthcare- and community- acquired infections. The purpose of this study was to characterize MRSA isolated at the Maternity Hospital between 2006 and 2011 for their genetic relatedness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MRSA isolates were investigated using a combination of antibiogram, Staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec (SCCmec) and spa typing to determine their relatedness to MRSA isolated in other Kuwait hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637065/evaluation-of-an-e-learning-system-for-diagnosis-of-gastric-lesions-using-magnifying-narrow-band-imaging-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Hiroyoshi Nakanishi, Hisashi Doyama, Hideki Ishikawa, Noriya Uedo, Takuji Gotoda, Mototsugu Kato, Shigeaki Nagao, Yasuaki Nagami, Hiroyuki Aoyagi, Atsushi Imagawa, Junichi Kodaira, Shinya Mitsui, Nozomu Kobayashi, Manabu Muto, Hajime Takatori, Takashi Abe, Masahiko Tsujii, Jiro Watari, Shuhei Ishiyama, Ichiro Oda, Hiroyuki Ono, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Chizu Yokoi, Tetsuya Ueo, Kunihisa Uchita, Kenshi Matsumoto, Takashi Kanesaka, Yoshinori Morita, Shinichi Katsuki, Jun Nishikawa, Katsuhisa Inamura, Tetsu Kinjo, Katsumi Yamamoto, Daisuke Yoshimura, Hiroshi Araki, Hiroshi Kashida, Ayumu Hosokawa, Hirohito Mori, Haruhiro Yamashita, Osamu Motohashi, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Michiaki Hirayama, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Masaki Endo, Hiroo Yamano, Kazunari Murakami, Tomoyuki Koike, Kingo Hirasawa, Youichi Miyaoka, Hidetaka Hamamoto, Takuto Hikichi, Norihiro Hanabata, Ryo Shimoda, Shinichiro Hori, Tadashi Sato, Shinya Kodashima, Hiroyuki Okada, Tomohiko Mannami, Shojiro Yamamoto, Yasumasa Niwa, Kazuo Yashima, Satoshi Tanabe, Hiro Satoh, Fumisato Sasaki, Tetsuro Yamazato, Yoshiou Ikeda, Hogara Nishisaki, Masahiro Nakagawa, Akio Matsuda, Fumio Tamura, Hitoshi Nishiyama, Keiko Arita, Keisuke Kawasaki, Kazushige Hoppo, Masashi Oka, Shinichi Ishihara, Michita Mukasa, Hiroaki Minamino, Kenshi Yao
Background and study aim Magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is useful for the accurate diagnosis of early gastric cancer (EGC). However, acquiring skill at M-NBI diagnosis takes substantial effort. An Internet-based e-learning system to teach endoscopic diagnosis of EGC using M-NBI has been developed. This study evaluated its effectiveness. Participants and methods This study was designed as a multicenter randomized controlled trial. We recruited endoscopists as participants from all over Japan. After completing Test 1, which consisted of M-NBI images of 40 gastric lesions, participants were randomly assigned to the e-learning or non-e-learning groups...
June 21, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635482/diagnosis-and-management-of-myasthenia-gravis
#4
Christopher Barber
Myasthenia gravis is a rare long-term neurological condition that is characterised by fluctuating skeletal muscle weakness and fatigue, as well as respiratory difficulties. It is both an acquired autoimmune disease and a chronic neuromuscular disorder. Because of its rarity, myasthenia gravis is relatively unknown and may be unfamiliar to many nurses. While there are various types of myasthenia, this article focuses on myasthenia gravis, exploring its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, and examining the nurse's role in managing the condition...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635238/-comparison-of-vacuum-bag-fixation-and-orfit-rack-with-thermoplastic-membrane-fixation-for-image-guided-cervical-cancer-radiotherapy
#5
Y B Li, Y L Wang, Y H Zhuo
Objective: To compare the difference of displacement between the vacuum bag fixation and the Orfit rack with thermoplastic membrane fixation of the cervical cancer patients, and to explore the individual fixation of the patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 66 patients diagnosed as cervical cancer in Zhangzhou Municipal Hospital of Fujian Province from December 2014 to April 2016. Among them, 33 patients were fixed with vacuum bag, 33 patients were fixed with the Orfit rack with thermoplastic membrane...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635201/hamman-rich-syndrome-a-forgotten-entity
#6
William Newmarch, Angelica Puopolo, Madina Weiler, Brian Casserly
The following report outlines the case of a 76-year-old gentleman who presented to the hospital with acute interstitial pneumonitis, a rare and rapidly progressive type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. The patient initially presented with a three-week history of progressive shortness of breath and cough which was diagnosed as community acquired pneumonia. Treatment with oral antibiotics was unsuccessful resulting in re-presentation the following week with type one respiratory failure. Investigations revealed widespread inflammatory changes consistent with an acute inflammatory process...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634542/angioedema-perioperative-management
#7
Andrew A Maynard, Christina F Burger, Joseph J Schlesinger
OBJECTIVE: To describe the perioperative management of a patient with acquired angioedema (AAE). METHODS: A 66-year-old Caucasian male presented from an outside hospital with a history of acquired angioedema and gastrointestinal stromal tumor-related intractable urticaria and mastocytosis. He was admitted for urgent laparoscopic partial gastrectomy, secondary to gastric outlet obstruction symptomatology. Previous combined attacks were characterized by a widespread rash, abdominal pain and respiratory distress resulting in hospitalization...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634536/telavancin-a-novel-semisynthetic-lipoglycopeptide-agent-to-counter-the-challenge-of-resistant-gram-positive-pathogens
#8
REVIEW
Biswadeep Das, Chayna Sarkar, Debasmita Das, Amit Gupta, Arnav Kalra, Shubham Sahni
Telavancin (TD-6424), a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide vancomycin-derivative, is a novel antimicrobial agent developed by Theravance for overcoming resistant Gram-positive bacterial infections, specifically methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) had approved telavancin in 2009 for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSIs) caused by Gram-positive bacteria, including MRSA (S. aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus anginosus group, or Enterococcus faecalis)...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634177/pneumococcal-pulmonary-valve-endocarditis
#9
Apostolos Vrettos, Paula Mota, James Nash, Iain Thorp, Max Baghai, Max Baghai
Pulmonary valve endocarditis is an rare type of infective endocarditis (IE). Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pathogen that is uncommonly associated with IE. A 50 year-old man was referred to us to an incidental echocardiographic finding of a pulmonary valve vegetation. He had a recent admission for drainage of a scrotal abscess from which streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated, complicated by hospital acquired pneumonia and pulmonary embolism. Analysis using Polymerase Chain Reaction of the surgically resected mass revealed signs of 16S rDNA consistent with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection...
June 20, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633626/age-related-differences-in-management-and-outcomes-in-hospitalized-healthy-and-well-functioning-bacteremic-pneumococcal-pneumonia-patients-a-cohort-study
#10
Luis A Ruiz, Pedro P España, Ainhoa Gómez, Amaia Bilbao, Carmen Jaca, Amaia Arámburu, Alberto Capelastegui, Marcos I Restrepo, Rafael Zalacain
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding fit and healthy patients with pneumonia at different ages. We evaluated the association of age with clinical presentation, serotype and outcomes among healthy and well-functioning patients hospitalized for bacteremic pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of consecutive healthy and well-functioning patients hospitalized for this type of pneumonia. Patients were stratified into younger (18 to 64 years) and older (≥65 years) groups...
June 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633453/a-multifaceted-quality-improvement-strategy-reduces-the-risk-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection
#11
Cecelia N Theobald, Matthew J Resnick, Thomas Spain, Robert S Dittus, Christianne L Roumie
Objective: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common and preventable hospital-acquired infections, yet their rate continues to rise nationwide. We describe the implementation of a multifaceted program to reduce catheter use and CAUTI rates while simultaneously addressing barriers to long-term success. Design/Setting/Participants: Pre-post study of medical inpatient veterans between December 2012 and February 2015. Intervention: Five component intervention: (i) a bedside catheter reminder; (ii) multidisciplinary educational campaign; (iii) structured catheter order set with clinical decision support; (iv) automated catheter discontinuation orders; and (v) protocol for post-catheter removal care...
June 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632826/-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-children-clinical-experience-in-a-pediatric-reference-center
#12
Carolina Carballo, Claudia Cazes, Mariana Matsuda, M Laura Praino, Noemí Rivas, Eduardo López
INTRODUCTION: Liver abscess is a serious and an uncommon pediatric disease. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: Description of 20 pediatric patients with liver abscess admitted in "Ricardo Gutierrez" Children's Hospital, a Tertiary Reference Center of Buenos Aires, between 2009 and 2015. RESULTS: The hospitalization rate was 35/100.000 admissions. Median age was 5 years old, male/female ratio 4/1. Five patients (25%) had predisposing factors. Median days at diagnosis were 12...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628289/-neuropsychiatric-syndroms-in-seropositive-population
#13
REVIEW
A Iweins, P Léonard, C Piette
The Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic infectious disease. By its complexity and the importance of psychiatric syndromes observed among HIV patients, the common contribution of somatic and psychiatric health specialists is often mandatory. Conversely, more or less 20 % of psychiatric patients are infected by the AIDS' virus. Moreover, these troubles would be their second reason of hospitalization. These psychiatric symptoms, so caused by HIV, may occur before its serological discovery. Thereby, it will be interesting for the psychiatrist to acquire enough knowledge about this disease to establish preventing actions and strategies of psychoeducation...
June 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625824/polymorphism-study-of-cryptosporidium-hominis-gp60-subtypes-circulating-in-northern-tunisia
#14
Rym Essid, Hanen Chelbi, Siala Emna, Ines Bensghair, Jean Menotti, Aïda Bouratbine
Cryptosporidium spp. are a major cause of gastrointestinal diseases in humans worldwide. While a single subtype of Cryptosporidium hominis has been shown to be responsible for several large outbreaks related to water contamination in developed countries, little is known about the epidemiology of C. hominis in developing countries. This study reports the first genetic characterization of C. hominis at the subtype level in several human populations in an urban region of Tunisia using the gp60 gene. Among 511 stool samples that were collected from different human populations, Cryptosporidium 18S rRNA gene PCR was positive for 39 samples (7...
June 15, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624864/the-clinical-significance-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-respiratory-specimens-harbouring-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-a-5-year-retrospective-study-following-5667-patients-in-four-general-icus
#15
B Borgatta, S Gattarello, C A Mazo, A T Imbiscuso, M N Larrosa, M Lujàn, J Rello
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the leading cause of pneumonia in intensive care units (ICUs), with multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains posing a serious threat. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical relevance of MDR Pseudomonas isolates in respiratory clinical specimens. A 5-year retrospective observational study in four medical-surgical ICUs from a referral hospital was carried out. Of 5667 adults admitted to the ICU, 69 had MDR-PA in respiratory samples: 31 were identified as having pneumonia (HAP/VAP): 21 ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and ten hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP)...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624508/epidemiological-profile-of-cutaneous-larva-migrans-in-travelers-returning-to-france-between-2003-and-2015
#16
Doudou Sow, Ferelaha Soro, Emilie Javelle, Fabrice Simon, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is caused by the penetration and migration of canine or feline hookworm larvae into the skin, and frequently affects travelers from high-income countries returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas. Unfortunately, this pathology is neglected due to poor understanding among both physicians and travelers. This study describes the profile of cases reported in Marseille, France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in two specialized hospitals between 2003 and 2015...
June 15, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623028/impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-bangladesh
#17
Clint Pecenka, Umesh Parashar, Jacqueline E Tate, Jahangir A M Khan, Devin Groman, Stephen Chacko, Md Shamsuzzaman, Andrew Clark, Deborah Atherly
INTRODUCTION: Diarrheal disease is a leading cause of child mortality globally, and rotavirus is responsible for more than a third of those deaths. Despite substantial decreases, the number of rotavirus deaths in children under five was 215,000 per year in 2013. Of these deaths, approximately 41% occurred in Asia and 3% of those in Bangladesh. While Bangladesh has yet to introduce rotavirus vaccination, the country applied for Gavi support and plans to introduce it in 2018. This analysis evaluates the impact and cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in Bangladesh and provides estimates of the costs of the vaccination program to help inform decision-makers and international partners...
June 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622979/whole-genome-sequencing-for-identification-of-the-source-in-hospital-acquired-legionnaires-disease
#18
A M Rosendahl Madsen, A Holm, T G Jensen, E Knudsen, H Lundgaard, M N Skov, S A Uldum, M Kemp
Acquisition of Legionnaires' disease is a serious complication of hospitalization. Rapid determination of whether or not the infection is caused by strains of Legionella pneumophila in the hospital environment is crucial to avoid further cases. This study investigated the use of whole-genome sequencing to identify the source of infection in hospital-acquired Legionnaires' disease. Phylogenetic analyses showed close relatedness between one patient isolate and a strain found in hospital water, confirming suspicion of nosocomial infection...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622060/parental-occupations-and-risk-for-crohn-s-disease-in-children
#19
Jobin Eslahpazir, Rituanjali Kumar, Ali Lalavi, Devendra K Amre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lacunae exist on the identity of specific environmental risk factors that associate with Crohn's disease (CD). We hypothesized that indirect exposures acquired via the parents' occupation may confer susceptibility. METHODS: A case-control study based on children diagnosed with CD (prior to age 20) at a tertiary care gastroenterology clinic in Montreal, Canada was carried out. Population- and hospital-based controls without IBD were selected...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621252/clinical-course-of-community-acquired-respiratory-syncytial-virus-pneumonia-in-newborns-hospitalized-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#20
Selmin Karademir, Tamer Yoldaş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
keyword
keyword
23343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"