keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HAI infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214397/a-case-of-iv-degree-on-acute-radiation-dermatitis-in-china
#1
Zhen Shen, Ya-Hong Chen, Yue Chen, Yan Chen, Zhe Lv, Hai-Cheng Gao
This report investigates the nursing procedure of a case of adjuvant therapy of rectal cancer on IV degree of acute radiation dermatitis patients in the penis and scrotum junction. The lesion degree gradually increased. Fixation of the dressing was difficult in the penis and scrotum junction. The concept of wet healing with new dressings was used in patient. The silver ion dressings were used in inhibiting infection, and the wound was covered by the rimmed foam dressings. When it comes to the shaping period, water gel transparent paste was applied instead to cover the wound...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209182/mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviate-japanese-encephalitis-virus-induced-neuroinflammation-and-mortality
#2
Peiyu Bian, Chuantao Ye, Xuyang Zheng, Jing Yang, Wei Ye, Yuan Wang, Yun Zhou, Hongwei Ma, Peijun Han, Hai Zhang, Ying Zhang, Fanglin Zhang, Yingfeng Lei, Zhansheng Jia
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. Japanese encephalitis (JE) caused by JEV is characterized by extensive inflammatory cytokine secretion, microglia activation, blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, and neuronal death, all of which contribute to the vicious cycle of inflammatory damage. There are currently no effective treatments for JE. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to have a therapeutic effect on many central nervous system (CNS) diseases by regulating inflammation and other mechanisms...
February 16, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207324/is-serum-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-level-useful-for-determining-necroinflammatory-activity-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection
#3
Ahmet Tay, Fatih Albayrak, Sevilay Ozmen, Ayse Albayrak, Kemalettin Ozden
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the findings from liver biopsy and the serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) level to determine whether ACE might serve as a potential noninvasive sign of necroinflammatory activity in patients with Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB) infection. METHODS: A total of 54 CHB patients referred for liver biopsy were enrolled in the study. Serum ACE levels were determined photometrically with a kinetic test...
February 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205028/the-outcomes-of-initial-endoscopic-transluminal-drainage-are-superior-to-percutaneous-drainage-for-patients-with-infected-pancreatic-necrosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Wen-Hua He, Yong Zhu, Yin Zhu, Pi Liu, Hao Zeng, Liang Xia, Chen Yu, Hai-Ming Chen, Xu Shu, Zhi-Jian Liu, You-Xiang Chen, Nong-Hua Lu
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: The commonly used minimally invasive methods for patients with infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) are initial endoscopic transluminal drainage (ETD) and percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD), which are followed, if necessary, by endoscopic or surgical necrosectomy. This study intends to explore which of the two minimally invasive treatments leads to a better prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with IPN and an indication for intervention were prospectively enrolled and underwent either initial ETD or PCD followed, if necessary, by endoscopic or surgical necrosectomy...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193450/heat-shock-70%C3%A2-kda-protein-cognate-5-involved-in-wssv-toleration-of-litopenaeus-vannamei
#5
Kai Yuan, Feng-Hua Yuan, Hong-Hui He, Hai-Tao Bi, Shao-Ping Weng, Jian-Guo He, Yi-Hong Chen
The expression levels of 97 unigenes encoding heat shock proteins of Litopenaeus vannamei was scanned, and ten of them were significantly induced by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Among these genes, heat shock 70 kDa protein cognate 5 (LvHSC70-5) was upregulated to the highest extent and subjected to further studies. Subcellular localization assay revealed that LvHSC70-5 was located in the mitochondria. Aside from WSSV infection, unfolded protein response activation and thermal stress could also upregulate LvHSC70-5...
February 10, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187810/management-of-infections-associated-with-neurocritical-care
#6
L Rivera-Lara, W Ziai, P Nyquist
The reported incidence of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) in the neurointensive care unit (NICU) ranges from 20% to 30%. HAIs in US hospitals cost between $28 and $45 billion per year in direct medical costs. These infections are associated with increased length of hospital stay and increased morbidity and mortality. Infection risk is increased in NICU patients due to medication side-effects, catheter and line placement, neurosurgical procedures, and acquired immune suppression secondary to steroid/barbiturate use and brain injury itself...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182358/aetiology-and-significance-of-hospital-acquired-infections-in-mexico
#7
REVIEW
Nayelli M Alonso-Aguilar, Sara R Juarez-Enriquez, Graciela Castro-Escarpulli, Gildardo Rivera, Virgilio Bocanegra-Garcia, Xianwu Guo, Julieta Luna-Herrera, M G Aguilera-Arreola
Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are infections that develop in the hospital environment and can be acquired by a patient or hospital staff. They are complications that combine diverse risk factors that make an individual susceptible and are frequently caused by endogenous and exogenous bacterial agents. The most commonly studied etiological agents are bacteria and fungi, with the former representing the most common etiological agents reported to the Hospital Epidemiological Surveillance Network (RHOVE) between 2007 and 2012...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180998/the-prognostic-value-and-pathobiological-significance-of-glasgow-microenvironment-score-in-gastric-cancer
#8
Zhi-Hua Zhou, Cheng-Dong Ji, Jiang Zhu, Hua-Liang Xiao, Hai-Bin Zhao, You-Hong Cui, Xiu-Wu Bian
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic value and pathobiological significance of Glasgow microenvironment score (GMS), a parameter based on tumor stroma percentage and inflammatory cell infiltration, in gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 225 cases of gastric cancer were histologically reviewed, and GMS was evaluated for each case. The association between GMS and patients' survival was investigated. Then the relationship between GMS and mismatch repair (MMR) status, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection were determined using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization, and the expression of PD1/PD-L1 was examined...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178115/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-with-multiple-genotypes-in-the-united-states
#9
Thanh Cong Bui, Ly Thi-Hai Tran, Thuy Nhu Thai, Sanjay S Shete, Damon J Vidrine, Erich M Sturgis
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with multiple genotypes in the United States. METHODS: Data were from the nationally representative 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. This analysis comprised 9257 participants for whom data on oral HPV (37 genotypes) and associated risk factors were available. RESULTS: The weighted prevalence of multitype (2-6 types) oral HPV infection was 1...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173962/prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-polish-adult-intensive-care-units-summary-data-from-the-ecdc-european-point-prevalence-survey-of-hospital-associated-infections-and-antimicrobial-use-in-poland-2012-2014
#10
A Deptuła, E Trejnowska, G Dubiel, M Żukowski, A Misiewska-Kaczur, T Ozorowski, W Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. Local epidemiological studies need to be conducted to set the priorities for surveillance and prevention programmes. AIM: To investigate the epidemiology of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) among patients admitted to Polish adult ICUs over a three-year period. METHODS: Data were collected according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) European Union Point Prevalence Survey of Healthcare-associated Infections and Antimicrobial Use in European Acute Care Hospitals (EU-PPS HAI & AU) protocol for 39,318 patients within 160 acute care hospitals...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164627/expression-and-prognostic-role-of-fhit-fibronectin-and-pten-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Ming-Jie Zhang, Qiang Yan, Guo-Lei Zhang, Yun-Hai Wie, Wen-Bin Yuan, Wei Xu, Li-Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Fragile histidine triad (FHIT), fibronectin (FN), and phosphatase and tensin homology deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) are widely reported as having abnormal expression in malignant tumors. The role of FHIT, fibronectin, PTEN expression in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been characterized. Our study aims to investigate the expression of FHIT, fibronectin, and PTEN in human HCC and their relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis of HCC...
July 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161606/the-absolute-number-of-regulatory-t-cells-in-unmanipulated-peripheral-blood-grafts-predicts-the-occurrence-of-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-post-haplo-identical-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Li Ding, Heng Zhu, Yang Yang, Hong-Min Yan, Hai-Hong Zhang, Dong-Mei Han, Zhi-Dong Wang, Xiao-Li Zheng, Jing Liu, Ling Zhu, Mei-Xue, Zi-Kuan Guo, Heng-Xiang Wang
CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been reported to play a central role in suppressing acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), but whether the Treg contents of grafts correlates with the occurrence of aGVHD post haplo-identical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) remains unclear. In the present study, changes in Tregs in peripheral blood (PB) were followed before and after granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilization. In addition, functional analyses of Tregs in PB grafts and bone marrow (BM) grafts were performed...
January 18, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161213/new-perspective-of-host-micrornas-in-the-control-of-prrsv-infection
#13
REVIEW
Fang Liu, Yinping Du, Wen-Hai Feng
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most important diseases in pigs, leading to significant economic losses in swine industry worldwide. PRRS virus (PRRSV) is an enveloped positive single-stranded RNA virus, which mainly infects cells of monocyte/macrophage lineage. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs and have emerged as important regulators of virus-host cell interactions. In the past several years, scientists have been trying to understand the interaction between host miRNAs and PRRSV infection...
January 9, 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161207/a-simplified-surgical-algorithm-for-flap-reconstruction-of-eyebrow-defects
#14
Hai-Peng Liu, Ying Shao, Xiao-Jie Yu, Duo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Partial or total eyebrow defects after trauma or tumor excisions have been repaired by several surgical technique and algorithms. However, these algorithms are often complicated and difficult to apply clinically. We therefore established a simplified surgical algorithm for the treatment of eyebrow defects using flap reconstruction. METHODS: During the period between January 2009 and December 2015, a total of 21 Chinese patients (12 males, 9 females) with eyebrow defects were treated with eyebrow flap reconstruction...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160957/hospital-acquired-infections-current-trends-and-prevention
#15
REVIEW
Christine Boev, Elizabeth Kiss
Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are the primary cause of preventable death and disability among hospitalized patients. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), complications or infections secondary to either device implantation or surgery are referred to as HAIs. Specifically, the CDC monitors surgical site infections, central-line-associated bloodstream infection, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonias. This article explores HAIs specific to pathophysiology, epidemiology, and prevention, and how nurses can work together with other health care providers to decrease the incidence of these preventable complications...
March 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160779/mir-3156-3p-is-downregulated-in-hpv-positive-cervical-cancer-and-performs-as-a-tumor-suppressive-mirna
#16
Yu-Fang Xia, Gui-Hua Pei, Ning Wang, Yan-Ci Che, Feng-Sheng Yu, Fu-Fen Yin, Hai-Xia Liu, Bing Luo, Yan-Kui Wang
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) is the second most common cancer in females in developing countries. The two viral oncoproteins E6 and E7 mediate the oncogenic activities of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV), and HR-HPV, especially HPV16 or/and HPV18 (HPV16/18) play critical roles in CC through different pathways. microRNAs (miRNAs) may be associated with CC pathogenesis. Researches have indicated that human papillomavirus (HPV) may regulate cellular miRNA expression through viral E6 and E7...
February 4, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160044/clinical-characteristics-of-pediatric-hiv-1-patients-treated-with-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-in-vietnam-a-nested-case-control-study
#17
Minh Diem Dang, Duc Minh Nguyen, Huu Bich Tran, Viet Hung Pham, Daryl Spak, Linh Chi Pham, Thi Quynh Phan, Thi Thanh Dinh, Thi Kim Anh Le, Van Lam Nguyen, Thanh Hai Le, Son Ngoc Hoang, Vu Phuong Linh Dang
OBJECTIVES: Over the past decades, Vietnam has made great strides in reducing the rate of mortality in HIV-related deaths, due to increased access of antiretroviral therapy (ART); however, given the significantly high level of treatment failure (TF), it is essential to identify markers that describe the failure of ART in HIV-1 infected children. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted with clinical data collected from 101 HIV-infected children [26 TF and 75 treatment success (TS)] at National Hospital of Pediatrics, Vietnam (2008-2012)...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157735/an-investigation-of-extracellular-histones-in-pig-to-baboon-organ-xenotransplantation
#18
Tao Li, Whayoung Lee, Hidetaka Hara, Cassandra Long, Mohamed Ezzelarab, David Ayares, Hai Huang, Yi Wang, David K C Cooper, Hayato Iwase
BACKGROUND: Serum (extracellular) histone levels are increased in inflammatory states and in the presence of coagulation dysfunction, eg, trauma, chemical/ischemic injury, infection. There is increasing evidence of a systemic inflammatory response associated with the presence of a pig xenograft in a nonhuman primate. We evaluated extracellular histone levels in baboons with various pig xenografts. METHODS: We measured serum histones in baboons with pig heterotopic heart (n=8), life-supporting kidney (n=5), orthotopic liver (n=4), and artery patch (n=9) grafts by ELISA...
February 3, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149975/two-men-with-dyspnea-enlarged-lymph-nodes-%C3%A2-dx
#19
Ali Abdul-Hai, David Ergas, Miriam Katz, Stephen Dh Malnick
Systolic heart failure has been previously recognized as a cause of reversible mediastinal lymphadenopathy (MLN). Other causes of MLN include sarcoidosis, various malignancies, pulmonary infections, and occupational lung diseases. There are, however, no reports of MLN in patients with diastolic heart failure.
December 2016: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141862/vaccination-has-minimal-impact-on-the-intrahost-diversity-of-h3n2-influenza-viruses
#20
Kari Debbink, John T McCrone, Joshua G Petrie, Rachel Truscon, Emileigh Johnson, Emily K Mantlo, Arnold S Monto, Adam S Lauring
While influenza virus diversity and antigenic drift have been well characterized on a global scale, the factors that influence the virus' rapid evolution within and between human hosts are less clear. Given the modest effectiveness of seasonal vaccination, vaccine-induced antibody responses could serve as a potent selective pressure for novel influenza variants at the individual or community level. We used next generation sequencing of patient-derived viruses from a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of vaccine efficacy to characterize the diversity of influenza A virus and to define the impact of vaccine-induced immunity on within-host populations...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
keyword
keyword
23342
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"