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Ventricular septal defect

Gianluca Lucchese, Lucia Rossetti, Giuseppe Faggian, Giovanni B Luciani
Temporary tricuspid valve detachment improves the operative view of certain congenital ventricular septal defects (VSDs), but its long-term effects on tricuspid valve function are still debated. From 2002 through 2012, we performed a prospective study of 68 children (mean age, 1.28 ± 1.01 yr) who underwent transatrial closure of VSDs following temporary tricuspid valve detachment. Sixty patients had conoventricular and 8 had mid-muscular VSDs. All were in sinus rhythm. Seventeen patients had systemic pulmonary artery pressures...
October 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
Mustafa Orhan Bulut, Mehmet Küçük, Şevket Ballı, Ahmet Çelebi
Hemolysis after percutaneous device closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare complication that can be conservatively managed in the majority of cases. However, surgery or transcatheter occlusion may be necessary. Presently described is the successful treatment of hemolysis that developed after implantation of the Nit-Occlud Lê VSD coil, using the Amplatzer Duct Occluder II (ADO II) in a patient with aneurysmatic perimembranous VSD. Systolic murmur and symptoms immediately disappeared after the procedure...
October 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Akshay Gupta, Rajat Kalra, Reena Khantwal Joshi, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mridul Aggarwal, Rakesh Pandey, Raja Joshi
Parachute valve is the malformation of an atrioventricular valve in which the tension apparatus springs from a single papillary muscle or group of muscles. Parachute tricuspid valve is a rare anomaly with no surgically repaired case to date. We describe a case of parachute deformity of the tricuspid valve leading to hemodynamically significant severe tricuspid stenosis. The present case was successfully repaired surgically along with atrial septal defect (ASD) and ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure.
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Zi-Qi Shen, Shan-Yan Gao, Shawn Xiang Li, Tie-Ning Zhang, Cai-Xia Liu, Hai-Chen Lv, Yuan Zhang, Ting-Ting Gong, Xin Xu, Chao Ji, Qi-Jun Wu, Da Li
AIM: To perform a meta-analysis of available cohort studies on the association between sertraline use by pregnant women in the first trimester and the findings of congenital anomalies in infants. METHODS: A comprehensive search of articles published from the index date through December 31, 2015 investigating the aforementioned associations was conducted on PubMed and Web of Science. Mesh headings used included the terms "serotonin reuptake inhibitor," "sertraline," "congenital anomalies" and "obstetrical outcome...
October 22, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Daniel Verdini, Daniel Vargas, Anderson Kuo, Brian Ghoshhajra, Phillip Kim, Horacio Murillo, Jacobo Kirsch, Michael Lane, Carlos Restrepo
PURPOSE: Coronary-pulmonary arterial fistulas (CPAFs) are rare coronary artery anomalies that have been described only in limited case reports. This study aims to evaluate the clinical presentation and imaging findings of CPAFs collected from 6 participating medical centers along with CPAFs reported in the literature, to discern any general trends present in CPAFs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 cases of CPAF diagnosed by coronary computed tomography angiography were collected across 6 participating institutions...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Nathan R Tucker, Saagar Mahida, Jiangchuan Ye, Elizabeth J Abraham, Julie A Mina, Victoria A Parsons, Michael A McLellan, Marisa A Shea, Alan Hanley, Emelia J Benjamin, David J Milan, Honghuang Lin, Patrick T Ellinor
BACKGROUND: The genetic basis of atrial fibrillation (AF) and congenital heart disease remains incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the causative mutation in a family with AF, atrial septal and ventricular septal defects. METHODS: We evaluated a pedigree with 16 family members, one with an atrial septal defect, one with a ventricular septal defect and three with AF; we performed whole exome sequencing in three affected family members...
October 15, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Bin Zhang, Jinzhu Zhao, Rong Yang, Zhengmin Qian, Shengwen Liang, Bryan A Bassig, Yiming Zhang, Ke Hu, Shunqing Xu, Guanghui Dong, Tongzhang Zheng, Shaoping Yang
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether high levels of maternal exposure to O3, SO2, NO2, CO are related to increased risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in Wuhan, China. The study included mothers living in the central districts of Wuhan during pregnancy over the two-year period from June 10, 2011 to June 9, 2013. For each study participant, we assigned 1-month averages of O3, SO2, NO2 and CO exposure based on measurements obtained from the nearest exposure monitor to the living residence of mothers during their early pregnancy period...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Masashi Komeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
D Sheshagiri Rao, Ramachandra Barik, Akula Siva Prasad
Hemolysis related to occluder, prosthetic valve, and prosthetic ring used for mitral valve annuloplasty are not very unusual. However, hemolysis related to transcathetor closure of post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (PMIVSD) is infrequent. A close follow-up for spontaneous resolution with or without blood transfusion has been reported in a few cases. Occasionally, surgical retrieval is unavoidable or lifelong blood transfusion is required if surgery cannot be done because of higher risk. In this illustration, we have showed a close follow-up of a case of hemolysis induced by atrial septal occluder used for VSD closure after myocardial infarction...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Sudip Dutta Baruah, Ashutosh Marwah, Bharat Dalvi, Rajesh Sharma
Successful repair of congenitally corrected transposition with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis presenting with heart failure in the fifth decade of life is described. This is the oldest patient to undergo this surgery, as per existing literature.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Reyhan Dedeoglu, Levent Saltık, Sezen Ugan Atik, Ayşe Güler Eroglu
For a newborn, surgical correction has been the primary treatment of native coarctation at most centers; however, there has been an increased use of balloon angioplasty (BA). The anterograde transvenous (AT) technique is another alternative way for coarctation (AoC) angioplasty in low weight patients with large ventricular septal defect (VSD). Four, 5-day-old to 7-month-old, infants weighing 2500, 2700, 2800, and 3400g, respectively presented to emergency unit (EU) with cyanosis, tachypnea, and loss of weight...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Jagdish C Mohan, Vishwas Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Arvind Sethi
Hypoplastic right heart syndrome is a rare cyanotic congenital heart disease with under-development of the right ventricle, tricuspid, and pulmonary valves leading to right-to-left shunting of the blood through inter-atrial septal defect. Perinatal mortality is high with very few patients surviving to adulthood without corrective surgery. This report describes a 26-year-old young woman, who had recurrent abortions and stillbirths and detected to have marked cyanosis with hypoplastic right heart, sub-arterial ventricular septal defect, absent pulmonary valve, non-compaction of the left ventricle, and bicuspid aortic valve with aortic regurgitation...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Jagdish C Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Vishwas Mohan, Arvind Sethi
Parachute mitral valve and Pacman heart (incomplete muscular ventricular septal defect) are rare congenital deformities usually reported in infants and children. Very few adult patients with these anomalies are reported but the association of the two has not been described. This report describes a 56-year-old male with exertional dyspnea who was detected to have moderately severe mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis. Typical parachute deformity of the mitral valve with a reduced opening and common attachment of all the chordae to a single posteromedial papillary muscle was evident...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Susumu Isoda, Kiyotaka Imoto, Keiji Uchida, Norihisa Karube, Keiichiro Kasama, Ichiya Yamazaki, Shinichi Suzuki, Yoshimi Yano, Yusuke Matsuki, Munetaka Masuda
BACKGROUND: We have reported "sandwich technique," via a right ventricular incision, to treat a post-infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD). This technique involves the placement of patches on both the left and right sides of the septum, pinching the VSD sealed with surgical adhesive between the two patches. In this study, we analyzed factors influencing 1-year mortality to determine the pitfalls in our procedure. METHODS: We evaluated 24 consecutive patients with post-infarction VSD who underwent the "sandwich technique" via a right ventricular incision...
October 15, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Niels B Matthiesen, Tine Henriksen, Peter Agergaard, William J Gaynor, Cathrine C Bach, Vibeke Hjortdal, John Ostergaard
BACKGROUND: -Congenital heart defects (CHD) have been associated with placental anomalies. The nature and the consequences of this association remain poorly understood. We aimed to estimate the associations between all major subtypes of CHD and placental weight at birth as well as the association between placental weight and measures of both overall and cerebral growth in fetuses with CHD. METHODS: -We included all 924,422 liveborn Danish singletons, 1997-2011. CHD was present in 7,569...
October 14, 2016: Circulation
Jae Gun Kwak, Chang-Ha Lee, Eun Seok Choi, Seong Ho Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ramesh Kawar, Deepak Kumar Mishra, Shalima Gautam, B K Goyal
In the current era where percutaneous coronary interventions are increasingly performed day by day can device closure of congenital heart defects be far behind. We describe one unusual case of ventricular septal defect (VSD) in a child with absent inferior vena cava which was tackled in a novel way using hemiazygous vein as the conduit (access) to the right side of heart.
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Suma P Goudar, G Hamilton Baker, Shahryar M Chowdhury, Kimberly J Reid, Girish Shirali, Mark A Scheurer
BACKGROUND: Adult studies demonstrate that echocardiographic measurements of cardiac function using speckle tracking correlate with invasive measurements, but such data in the pediatric population are sparse. Our aim was to compare speckle-derived measures of cardiac function to measurements routinely obtained by cardiac catheterization in children. METHODS: Echocardiograms were performed on the day of cardiac catheterization. Using Tomtec 2D Cardiac Performance Analysis, longitudinal strain (LS), longitudinal strain rate (LSR), early diastolic LSR, and ejection fraction (EF) for the right and left ventricle (RV and LV) were calculated via speckle tracking...
October 14, 2016: Echocardiography
Da-Na Mun, Chun Soo Park, Young-Hwue Kim, Hyun Woo Goo
A multistage plan and multidisciplinary approach are the keys to successful repair in patients with pulmonary atresia (PA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs). In this article, we present a multidisciplinary approach adopted to treat a patient with PA with VSD and MAPCAs associated with left pulmonary artery interruption.
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Matt S Hicks, Reginald S Sauve, Charlene M T Robertson, Ari R Joffe, Gwen Alton, Dianne Creighton, David B Ross, Ivan M Rebeyka
BACKGROUND: Developmental and language outcomes at 2 years of age of children who had arterial switch operation (ASO) for transposition of the great arteries 2004-2010 are described. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 91/98 (93 %) children who underwent ASO were assessed at 2 years of age with the Bayley Scales of Infant & Toddler Development-3rd Edition. Outcomes were compared by patient and perioperative variables using bivariate and multivariate regression analyses to identify predictors of language delay...
2016: SpringerPlus
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