keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bowel preparation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776746/comparison-of-efficacy-of-colonoscopy-between-the-morning-and-afternoon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Junqi Wu, Sheng-Bing Zhao, Shu-Ling Wang, Jun Fang, Tian Xia, Xiao-Ju Su, Can Xu, Zhao-Shen Li, Yu Bai
OBJECTIVE: Colonoscopy performed in the afternoon, rather than morning, has been reported to be associated with lower rates of adenoma and polyp detection (ADR and PDR) and cecal intubation (CIR). This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy of afternoon colonoscopy relative to morning colonoscopy. METHODS: The databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify potential relevant studies. The primary outcome was ADR and the secondary outcomes were CIR and PDR...
April 9, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775793/analysis-of-dna-methylation-at-specific-loci-in-stool-samples-detects-colorectal-cancer-and-high-grade-dysplasia-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
John B Kisiel, Pasquale Klepp, Hatim T Allawi, William R Taylor, Maria Giakoumopoulos, Tamara Sander, Tracy C Yab, Bjorn A Moum, Graham P Lidgard, Stephan Brackmann, Douglas W Mahoney, Arne Roseth, David A Ahlquist
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), are at increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). Analyses of DNA methylation patterns in stool samples have been reported to detect CRC in patients with IBD. We sought to validate these findings in larger cohorts and assess the accuracy of analysis of DNA methylation patterns in stool for detection of CRC and high-grade dysplasia (HGD) normalized to methylation level at ZDHHC1...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773260/mechanical-bowel-preparation-and-oral-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-colorectal-surgery-analysis-of-evidence-and-narrative-review
#3
Josep M Badia, Nares Arroyo-García
The role of oral antibiotic prophylaxis and mechanical bowel preparation in colorectal surgery remains controversial. The lack of efficacy of mechanical preparation to improve infection rates, its adverse effects, and multimodal rehabilitation programs have led to a decline in its use. This review aims to evaluate current evidence on antegrade colonic cleansing combined with oral antibiotics for the prevention of surgical site infections. In experimental studies, oral antibiotics decrease the bacterial inoculum, both in the bowel lumen and surgical field...
May 14, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772077/a-feature-alignment-score-for-online-cone-beam-ct-based-image-guided-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#4
Catriona Hargrave, Timothy Deegan, Michael Poulsen, Tomasz Bednarz, Fiona Harden, Kerrie Mengersen
PURPOSE: To develop a method for scoring online cone-beam CT (CBCT)-to-planning CT image feature alignment to inform prostate image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) decision-making. The feasibility of incorporating volume variation metric thresholds, predictive of delivering planned dose into weighted functions, was investigated. METHODS: Radiation therapists and radiation oncologists participated in workshops where they reviewed prostate CBCT-IGRT case examples and completed a paper-based survey of image feature matching practices...
May 17, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772061/an-image-guided-radiotherapy-decision-support-framework-incorporating-a-bayesian-network-and-visualization-tool
#5
Catriona Hargrave, Timothy Deegan, Tomasz Bednarz, Michael Poulsen, Fiona Harden, Kerrie Mengersen
PURPOSE: To describe a Bayesian network (BN) and complementary visualization tool, that aim to support decision-making during online cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-based image guide radiotherapy (IGRT) for prostate cancer patients. METHODS: The BN was created to represent relationships between observed prostate, proximal seminal vesicle (PSV), bladder and rectum volume variations, an image feature alignment score (FASTV _ OAR ), delivered dose and treatment plan compliance (TPC)...
May 17, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756103/factors-affecting-successful-colonoscopy-procedures-single-center-experience
#6
Ramazan Kozan, Tonguç Utku Yılmaz, Uygar Baştuğral, Umut Kerimoğlu, Yücel Yavuz
Objective: Colonoscopy is a gold standard procedure for several colon pathologies. Successful colonoscopy means demonstration of the ileocecal valve and determination of colon polyps. Here we aimed to evaluate our colonoscopy success and results. Material and Methods: This retrospective descriptive study was performed in İstanbul Eren hospital endoscopy unit between 2012 and 2015. Colonoscopy results and patient demographics were obtained from the hospital database...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756019/size-of-colorectal-polyps-determines-time-taken-to-remove-them-endoscopically
#7
Heechan Kang, Mo Hameed Thoufeeq
Background an study aims:  Polypectomy and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) are effective and safe ways of removing polyps from the colon at endoscopy. Guidelines exist for advising the time allocation for diagnostic endoscopy but not for polypectomy and EMR. The aim of this study was to identify if time allocated for polypectomy and EMR at planned therapeutic lists in our endoscopy unit is sufficient for procedures to be carried out. We also wanted to identify factors that might be associated with procedures taking longer than the allocated time and to identify factors that might predict duration of these procedures...
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750135/pitfalls-of-ovarian-ablative-magnetic-resonance-guided-radiation-therapy-for-refractory-endometriosis
#8
Shyama Tetar, Anna Bruynzeel, Omar Bohoudi, Theodoor Nieboer, Frank Lagerwaard
In this case presentation, we describe the challenges of performing magnetic resonance-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) with plan adaptation in a patient with advanced endometriosis, in whom several prior therapeutic attempts were unsuccessful and extensive pelvic irradiation was regarded as being too toxic. Treatment was delivered in two sessions, first for the seemingly only active right ovary, and at a later stage for the left ovary. Some logistical problems were encountered during the preparation of the first treatment, which were subsequently optimized for the second treatment by using transvaginal ultrasound to determine the optimum time point for simulation and delivery...
March 9, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743843/prospective-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-inadequate-bowel-preparation-for-colonoscopy-in-actual-clinical-practice
#9
Dae Hyung Woo, Kyeong Ok Kim, Da Eun Jeong, Yoon Jeong Nam, Si Hyung Lee, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Nyeun Kim
Background/Aims: Inadequate bowel preparation can result in prolonged procedure time and increased missed lesion and complication rates. This prospective study aimed to evaluate bowel preparation quality and identify the predictive factors for inadequate bowel preparation in actual clinical practice. Methods: We included 399 patients who underwent colonoscopy between June 2015 and July 2016. Using the Aronchick bowel preparation scale, we defined a score ≤2 as adequate preparation and a score >2 as inadequate preparation...
April 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739674/diffusion-weighted-mri-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
REVIEW
Lieven Pouillon, Valérie Laurent, Marc Pouillon, Peter Bossuyt, Christiana Bonifacio, Silvio Danese, Parakkal Deepak, Edward V Loftus, David H Bruining, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet
Cross-sectional MRI is an attractive alternative to endoscopy for the objective assessment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Diffusion-weighted imaging is a specialised technique that maps the diffusion of water molecules in biological tissues and can be done without intravenous gadolinium contrast injection. Diffusion-weighted imaging further expands the capability of traditional MRI sequences in IBD. However, the use of quantitative parameters, such as the apparent diffusion coefficient, is limited by low reproducibility...
June 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738352/the-effect-of-obesity-on-the-quality-of-bowel-preparation-for-colonoscopy-results-from-a-large-observational-study
#11
Ava B Anklesaria, Elena A Ivanina, Kenechukwu O Chudy-Onwugaje, Kevin Tin, Chaya M Levine, Peter Homel, Mary Rojas, Ira E Mayer, Rabin Rahmani
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been linked to suboptimal bowel preparation but this association has not been conclusively investigated in prospective studies. GOALS: Our objective was to determine whether any relationship exists between obesity as measured by body mass index (BMI) and quality of bowel preparation. STUDY: Adult patients who presented for outpatient colonoscopy at a single urban ambulatory surgery center within a 6-month period and fulfilled inclusion criteria were prospectively enrolled for the study...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737955/comparison-of-two-neutral-oral-contrast-agents-in-pediatric-patients-a-prospective-randomized-study
#12
Jonathan R Dillman, Alexander J Towbin, Rebecca Imbus, Julie Young, Erica Gates, Andrew T Trout
Purpose To prospectively compare small bowel distention provided by, as well as patient acceptance of, two different neutral (negative) oral contrast materials used for cross-sectional enterography in a pediatric population. Materials and Methods In this noninferiority study, 66 pediatric patients undergoing clinical computed tomographic (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) enterography were randomized to receive either a flavored beverage for neutral abdominal and pelvic imaging (Breeza; Beekley Medical, Bristol, Conn) or a low-density barium sulfate suspension...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737954/-90-y-radioembolization-for-hepatic-malignancy-in-patients-with-previous-biliary-intervention-multicenter-analysis-of-hepatobiliary-infections
#13
Kavi K Devulapalli, Nicholas Fidelman, Michael C Soulen, Matthew Miller, Matthew S Johnson, Eric Addo, Ghassan El-Haddad, Charles Nutting, James Morrison, Khashayar Farsad, R Peter Lokken, Ron C Gaba, Jacob Fleming, Daniel B Brown, Sharon W Kwan, Steven C Rose, Kevin A Pennycooke, David M Liu, Sarah B White, Ripal Gandhi, Ann A Lazar, Robert K Kerlan
Purpose To determine the frequency of hepatobiliary infections after transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium 90 (90 Y) in patients with liver malignancy and a history of biliary intervention. Materials and Methods For this retrospective study, records of all consecutive patients with liver malignancy and history of biliary intervention treated with TARE at 14 centers between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed. Data regarding liver function, 90 Y dosimetry, antibiotic prophylaxis, and bowel preparation prophylaxis were collected...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736830/comparison-of-small-versus-large-volume-split-dose-preparation-for-colonoscopy-a-study-of-colonoscopy-outcomes
#14
Hassan Siddiki, Sreya Ravi, Mohanad T Al-Qaisi, Ayman R Fath, Francisco Ramirez, Michael D Crowell, Rahul Pannala, Douglas O Faigel, Suryakanth R Gurudu
BACKGROUND: Split dose bowel preparations (SDP) have superior outcomes for colonoscopy as compared to evening before regimens. However, the association of the actual volume of the SDP to colonoscopy outcome measures has not been well studied. AIMS: Compare adenoma detection rate (ADR), sessile serrated polyp detection rate (SDR), mean bowel cleanse score, and predictors of inadequate exams between small volume SDP and large volume SDP. METHODS: We have conducted a retrospective study in patients undergoing colonoscopy with small volume SDP versus large volume SDP between July 2014 and December 2014...
May 7, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722733/oral-antibiotics-as-adjunct-to-systemic-antibiotics-and-mechanical-bowel-preparation-for-prevention-of-surgical-site-infections-in-colorectal-surgery-do-we-really-need-more-trials
#15
Christopher L F Battersby, Shahin Hajibandeh, Shahab Hajibandeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721773/prolonged-cecal-insertion-time-is-not-associated-with-decreased-adenoma-detection-when-a-longer-withdrawal-time-is-achieved
#16
Cassandra D L Fritz, Zachary L Smith, Jeffrey Elsner, Thomas Hollander, Dayna Early, Vladimir Kushnir
BACKGROUND: The association between withdrawal time and adenoma detection has been established; however, the effect of cecal insertion time on adenoma detection remains unclear. AIM: To determine the association between cecal insertion time and adenoma detection. METHODS: This study completed a retrospective analysis of data collected in 4 prospective randomized-controlled trials related to screening and surveillance colonoscopy at a single tertiary care from 2010 to 2016...
May 3, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720862/split-versus-single-dose-preparation-tolerability-in-a-multiethnic-population-decreased-side-effects-but-greater-social-barriers
#17
Gabriel Perreault, Adam Goodman, Sebastian Larion, Ahana Sen, Kirsten Quiles, Michael Poles, Renee Williams
Background: This study was performed to compare patient-reported tolerability and its barriers in single- vs. split-dose 4-L polyethylene glycol (PEG) bowel preparation for colonoscopy in a large multiethnic, safety-net patient population. Methods: A cross-sectional, dual-center study using a multi-language survey was used to collect patient-reported demographic, medical, socioeconomic, and tolerability data from patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify demographic and clinical factors significantly associated with patient-reported bowel preparation tolerability...
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720849/split-dose-bowel-preparation-versus-water-exchange-and-adenoma-detection-rate-have-we-arrived-there-yet
#18
EDITORIAL
Felix W Leung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719833/a-survey-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-for-cesarean-delivery-in-serbia
#19
Borislava Pujic, Mirjana Kendrisic, Matthew Shotwell, Yaping Shi, Curtis L Baysinger
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have been described for patients undergoing colon surgery. Similar protocols for cesarean delivery (CD) have been developed recently. CD is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures, and adoption of ERAS protocols following CD might benefit patients and the health-care system. We aimed to determine which Serbian hospitals reported ERAS protocols, which elements of ERAS protocols were used in CD patients, and whether ERAS and non-ERAS hospitals differed...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718414/a-simple-1-day-colon-capsule-endoscopy-procedure-demonstrated-to-be-a-highly-acceptable-monitoring-tool-for-ulcerative-colitis
#20
Shinji Okabayashi, Taku Kobayashi, Masaru Nakano, Takahiko Toyonaga, Ryo Ozaki, Maria Carla Tablante, Satoshi Kuronuma, Osamu Takeuchi, Toshifumi Hibi
Background: Second-generation colon capsule endoscopy (CCE-2) has been reported as a potential tool for monitoring ulcerative colitis (UC). However, its excretion rate is still unsatisfactory, and the bowel preparation regimen is not well tolerated. Furthermore, a standard bowel preparation regimen validated for UC has not been established. The aim of this study was to develop a simple 1-day CCE-2 procedure while evaluating its excretion rate and acceptability in UC. Factors associated with the colonic transit time and acceptability of CCE-2 were evaluated...
April 30, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
keyword
keyword
23331
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"