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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338103/transreplantation-%C3%A2-an-alternative-for-periodontally-hopeless-teeth
#1
Önder Solakoglu, Andreas Filippi
The periodontal therapy of severely damaged teeth that have advanced bone loss, a significant degree of mobility, and often tooth migration and elongation, frequently exposes the dental clinician to difficult decisions regarding the appropriate therapy for the patient. Extensive rehabilitation, with the replacement of periodontally hopeless teeth, has biologic, prognostic, and financial limitations. A possible alternative in such cases is the transreplantation of periodontally hopeless teeth. Ankylosis of the tooth is induced by appropriate extraoral pretreatment and thus the mobility disappears and the alveolar bone is reformed...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338030/implant-outcomes-poorer-in-patients-with-history-of-periodontal-disease
#2
Analia Veitz-Keenan, James R Keenan
Data sourcesMedline and Embase databases and bibliographies of all included articles and relevant review articles were screened for possible inclusion.Study selectionLongitudinal studies were included reporting on implant survival, success, incidence of peri-implantitis, bone loss and periodontal status and on partially dentate patients with a history of treatment for periodontitis. There were no language restrictions for the included studies.Data extraction and synthesisAuthors independently and in duplicate assessed the studies for eligibility and data extraction...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338023/implant-maintenance-treatment-and-peri-implant-health
#3
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesMedline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases and a manual search of the Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and the International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry from January 2014 to February 2015.Study selectionProspective, retrospective, randomised or not, case-controlled or case series trials showing the incidence or recurrence of peri-implant disease plus or minus PIMT over more than six months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337902/helicobacter-pylori-in-periodontal-pockets-and-saliva-a-possible-role-in-gastric-infection-relapses
#4
L Azzi, F Carinci, S Gabaglio, F Cura, F Croveri, L Tettamanti, A Tagliabue, S Segato
It has been a long time since the scientific community started to speculate upon the presence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) in periodontal pockets as an extra-gastric reservoir responsible for gastric relapses after eradication therapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of oral HP in a group of patients who underwent examination for gastric infection. Sixty patients were enrolled in the current study, subdivided into two groups: 30 patients with a positive result for HP gastric infection with C-Breath Test Urea examination, and 30 patients with a negative result for HP gastric infection...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337876/the-efficacy-of-proanthocyanidins-and-secnidazole-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-after-scaling-and-root-planing-therapy
#5
M Li, R Li, Q Jin, J Pang, Z Xu
The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and microbiological effect of the systemic antibiotic therapy of proanthocyanidins and secnidazole on periodontitis. Seventy-five subjects with chronic periodontitis were randomly divided into two treatment groups (secnidazole or proanthocyanidins) and one placebo control group (25 cases each). Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), gingival bleeding index (BI), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were carried out at baseline, post-treatment and 3 months after treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337007/cost-effectiveness-of-regular-versus-irregular-supportive-periodontal-therapy-or-tooth-removal
#6
(no author information available yet)
Regular SPT (supportive periodontal treatment) retains teeth longer than irregular SPT but this regimen is not necessarily cheaper; extraction and replacement of teeth was usually the most expensive.
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332191/combined-application-of-er-yag-and-nd-yag-lasers-in-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-split-mouth-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
M Sağlam, S Köseoğlu, I Taşdemir, H Erbak Yılmaz, L Savran, R Sütçü
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of combined Er:YAG and Nd:YAG laser therapy to that of scaling and root planing with hand instruments in non-surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five systemically healthy patients with chronic periodontitis were selected for this study. The quadrants were randomly allocated in a split-mouth design to either combined Er:YAG (160 mJ/pulse, 10 Hz) and Nd:YAG laser (100 mJ/pulse, 20 Hz) therapy (test group) or scaling and root planing alone (control group)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332131/biostimulation-with-diode-laser-positively-regulates-cementoblast-functions-in-vitro
#8
Serife Buket Bozkurt, Erdogan E Hakki, Seyit Ali Kayis, Niyazi Dundar, Sema S Hakki
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diode laser biostimulation on cementoblasts (OCCM.30). A total of 40 root plates were obtained from healthy third molar teeth and assigned to the following two groups: (1) control group and (2) laser-treated group. Root plates were placed into the cell culture inserts, and OCCM.30 cells were seeded onto root plates. Cells were irradiated with a low level of diode laser (power: 0.3 W in continuous wave, 60 s/cm(2)). Proliferation and mineralized tissue-associated gene's and BMP's messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of cementoblasts were evaluated...
March 22, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330815/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-combined-to-periodontal-treatment-experimental-model
#9
Estéfani L Belinello-Souza, Letícia H Alvarenga, Cintia Lima-Leal, Patrícia Almeida, Carolina Guimarães Leite, Tairine R Lima, Jhosepher Previati-Oliveira, Lucas de Pretto, Anderson Zanardi de Freitas, Adjaci U Fernandes, Rodrigo L Marcos, Renato A Prates
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been used as an adjuvant treatment for periodontitis. It combines a photosensitizer with a light source to induce reactive oxygen species and kill microbial cells. PpNetNI is a protoporphyrin derivative, and it has a chemical binding site at biofilm and great affinity to microbial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aPDT as an adjuvant treatment for periodontitis. METHODS: Thirty healthy male rats Wistar (Rattus norvegicus) were used in this study (Approved by UNINOVE Ethical committee AN0029/2015)...
March 18, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328326/interleukin-12-and-interleukin-23-blockade-in-leukocyte-adhesion-deficiency-type-1
#10
Niki M Moutsopoulos, Christa S Zerbe, Teresa Wild, Nicolas Dutzan, Laurie Brenchley, Giovanni DiPasquale, Gulbu Uzel, Karen C Axelrod, Andrea Lisco, Lucia D Notarangelo, George Hajishengallis, Luigi D Notarangelo, Steven M Holland
A patient with leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (LAD1) had severe periodontitis and an intractable, deep, nonhealing sacral wound. We had previously found a dominant interleukin-23-interleukin-17 signature at inflamed sites in humans with LAD1 and in mouse models of the disorder. Blockade of this pathway in mouse models has resulted in resolution of the immunopathologic condition. We treated our patient with ustekinumab, an antibody that binds the p40 subunit of interleukin-23 and interleukin-12 and thereby blocks the activity of these cytokines, inhibiting interleukin-23-dependent production of interleukin-17...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326084/hiv-infection-and-compromised-mucosal-immunity-oral-manifestations-and-systemic-inflammation
#11
REVIEW
Samantha E Heron, Shokrollah Elahi
Mucosal surfaces account for the vast majority of HIV transmission. In adults, HIV transmission occurs mainly by vaginal and rectal routes but rarely via oral route. By contrast, pediatric HIV infections could be as the result of oral route by breastfeeding. As such mucosal surfaces play a crucial role in HIV acquisition, and spread of the virus depends on its ability to cross a mucosal barrier. HIV selectively infects, depletes, and/or dysregulates multiple arms of the human immune system particularly at the mucosal sites and causes substantial irreversible damage to the mucosal barriers...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325578/first-evidence-for-regeneration-of-the-periodontium-to-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-in-human-teeth
#12
Andreas Bartols, Eleni Roussa, Winfried Walther, Christof E Dörfer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in endodontic therapy in human teeth leads to the same regeneration of the apical tissues as observed in animals. METHODS: Four human teeth were identified in a policlinic that had been treated endodontically with MTA and had to be extracted for other reasons than just endodontic failure. All teeth were processed for histologic and one for immunohistochemical analyses to analyze the histologic response of the periapical structure to the former treatment with MTA...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325127/reproducibility-of-a-commercially-available-subgingival-plaque-sampling-strategy-and-analysis-strategy-with-oligonucleotide-probes
#13
Bernadette Pretzl, Jule Paul, Diana M Krigar, Lorenz Uhlmann, Peter Eickholz, Bettina Dannewitz
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the intra-test agreement of pooled samples from the deepest periodontal pocket of each quadrant with a commercially available test kit based on hybridization of 16S rRNA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Plaque samples of 50 patients with generalized severe chronic periodontitis before therapy were pooled in two separate vials in order to detect and compare counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola...
March 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321995/clinical-and-microbiological-efficacy-of-4-garcinia-mangostana-l-pericarp-gel-as-local-drug-delivery-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Jaideep Mahendra, Little Mahendra, Priyadharshini Svedha, Sandhya Cherukuri, Georgios E Romanos
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the periodontal status of individuals and the presence of red complex microorganisms (RCM), such as Treponema denticola (Td), Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forsythia in the subgingival tissues of periodontitis patients before and after the application of 4% mangostana gel (Garcinia mangostana [MGA]) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP). METHODS: Twenty-five patients (MGA group) were treated with SRP, and the subgingival application of mangostana gel was used as local drug delivery...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318161/-clinical-comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-of-periodontal-endodontic-therapy-and-periodontal-treatment-alone-for-advanced-periodontitis
#15
Tan Baochun, Xiao Jianping, Yan Fuhua, Huan Hong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the period of endodontic treatment and the effects of periodontal-endodontic treatment for advanced periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 180 patients with advanced periodontitis participated in this clinical multicenter study. The respondents were randomly divided into an endodontic combined treatment (experimental) group and a periodontal treatment alone (control) group; each group consisted of 90 teeth. The control group received periodontal therapy only...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317828/-magnetic-therapy-for-complex-treatment-of-chronic-periodontal-disease
#16
A V P'yanzina
The aim of the study was to elaborate the methodology of magnetic therapy for complex treatment of chronic periodontal disease (CPD). The study included 60 patients aged 35 to 65 years with moderate CPD divided in 2 groups. Patients in group 1 (controls) received impulse carbonate irrigation for 12 min №10, group 2 additionally received magnetic therapy for 5 min №10 in maxillary and mandibular areas. CLINICAL RESULTS: periodontal and rheological indices proved magnetic therapy to be useful tool for eradication of inflammation, periodontal tissue functional recovery and stabilization...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317561/introduction-to-clinical-microbiology-for-the-general-dentist
#17
REVIEW
Thomas E Rams, Arie J van Winkelhoff
Clinical oral microbiology may help dental professionals identify infecting pathogenic species and evaluate their in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility. Saliva, dental plaque biofilms, mucosal smears, abscess aspirates, and soft tissue biopsies are sources of microorganisms for laboratory testing. Microbial-based treatment end points may help clinicians better identify patients in need of additional or altered dental therapies before the onset of clinical treatment failure, and help improve patient oral health outcomes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316949/evaluation-of-the-role-of-probiotics-in-endodontic-treatment-a-preliminary-study
#18
Aarti Bohora, Sharad Kokate
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The principal goal of endodontics is the prevention of periapical infection. Acute and chronic apical periodontitis occur due to the persistence of pathogenic microorganisms such as Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans harboring the root canal systems of the teeth. The concept of the use of probiotics in addressing endodontic disease is new and has not been studied adequately. On the basis of the success of probiotics in periodontal treatment, this preliminary work was performed (a) to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of probiotics against common endodontic pathogens, i...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316944/human-amnion-membrane-potential-applications-in-oral-and-periodontal-field
#19
REVIEW
Ranjana Mohan, Aashima Bajaj, Mohan Gundappa
Human amniotic membrane (HAM) is derived from the fetal membranes which consist of the inner amniotic membrane made of single layer of amnion cells fixed to collagen-rich mesenchyme attached to chorion. HAM has low immunogenicity, anti-inflammatory properties and their cells can be isolated without the sacrifice of human embryos. Amniotic membrane has biological properties which are important for the experimental and clinical applications in managing patients of various medical specialties. Abundant, natural and wonderful biomembrane not only protects the foetus but also has various clinical applications in the field of dermatology, ophthalmology, ENT surgery, orthopedics and dental surgery...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316927/probiotic-an-emerging-therapy-in-recolonizing-periodontal-pocket
#20
N D Gupta, Shweta Sharma, Vivek Kumar Sharma
One of the etiological factors in the pathogenesis of periodontitis is reduction or the absence of the so-called "beneficial bacteria". Most of the globally applied treatment approach is based on subgingival bacterial elimination but recolonization with less pathogenic bacteria is seen within weeks. Therefore, researchers have started focusing on shifting the current treatment approach from specific bacterial elimination to restoring periodontal pocket with beneficial bacteria. This alteration in the ecology of niches from the one with the pathological plaque to the one with the biofilm of commensals can be achieved via subgingival application of probiotics...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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