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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667905/essential-role-of-mohawk-for-tenogenic-tissue-homeostasis-including-spinal-disc-and-periodontal-ligament
#1
Ryo Nakamichi, Kensuke Kataoka, Hiroshi Asahara
Tendons and ligaments play essential roles in connecting muscle and bone and stabilizing the connections between bones. The damage to tendons and ligaments caused by aging, injury, and arthritis induces the dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system and reduces the quality of life. Current therapy for damaged tendons and ligaments depends on self-repair; however, it is difficult to reconstruct normal tissue. Regeneration therapy for tendons and ligaments has not been achieved, partly because the mechanism, cell biology, and pathophysiology of tendon and ligament development remain unclear...
April 18, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666713/comprehensive-treatment-of-severe-periodontal-and-periimplant-bone-destruction-caused-by-iatrogenic-factors
#2
Gregor-Georg Zafiropoulos, Andreas Parashis, Taha Abdullah, Evangelos Sotiropoulos, Gordon John
Dental implant success requires placement after periodontal therapy, with adequate bone volume, plaque control, primary stability, control of risk factors, and use of well-designed prostheses. This report describes the surgical and prosthetic management of a patient with severe iatrogenic periodontal/periimplant bone destruction. Methods. A 55-year-old female smoker with fixed partial dentures (FPDs) supported on teeth and implants presented with oral pain, swelling, bleeding, and a 10-year history of multiple implant placements and implants/prosthesis failures/replacements...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663268/dental-and-periodontal-manifestations-of-glycogen-storage-diseases-a-case-series-of-60-patients
#3
Martin Biosse Duplan, Aurélie Hubert, Elvire Le Norcy, Alice Louzoun, Ariane Perry, Catherine Chaussain, Philippe Labrune
Glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are rare genetic disorders of glycogen metabolism where the liver, kidneys, respiratory and cardiac muscles, as well as the immune and skeletal systems can be affected. Oral manifestations can also be present, but the specificity and frequency of these manifestations in the different forms of GSD are unknown. Analysis of a case series of 60 patients presenting four types of GSD (Ia, Ib, III, and IX) showed that the different types of GSDs have common and specific oral manifestations...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662706/assessment-of-occlusal-function-in-a-patient-with-an-angle-class-i-spaced-dental-arch-with-periodontal-disease-using-a-brux-checker
#4
Ayako Taira, Shiho Odawara, Shuntaro Sugihara, Kenichi Sasaguri
Comprehensive and appropriate occlusion reconstruction therapy is necessary for orthodontic treatment of adult patients with malocclusion with periodontal disease associated with occlusal trauma. We report the case of a patient with extensive moderate chronic periodontitis associated with occlusal trauma. The patient was diagnosed with extensive moderate chronic periodontitis associated with occlusal trauma and underwent thorough treatment for periodontal disease, oral management, and 20 months of orthodontic therapy...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662262/treatment-of-endo-periodontal-lesion-using-leukocyte-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-case-report
#5
Pablo Betancourt, Ricardo Elgueta, Ramon Fuentes
Case Description: The main objective of this paper was to report the clinical effectiveness of leukocyte- platelet- rich fibrin (L-PRF) in the treatment of a combined endo-periodontal lesion of an upper first premolar. Clinical Findings: The tooth had a profound abfraction on the vestibular aspect and presented no mobility but revealed a deep pocket measuring of 11 mm on the mesial vestibular aspect and 14 mm on the mesial palatine aspect. The three dimensional image analysis showed total bone loss in the mesial aspect and an extensively bone loss of the vestibular aspect of the vestibular root...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660511/comparative-adsorption-profiles-of-basal-lamina-proteome-and-gingival-cells-onto-dental-and-titanium-surfaces
#6
Mohamed-Nur Abdallah, Ghada Abughanam, Simon D Tran, Zeeshan Sheikh, Mohamed A Mezour, Tayebah Basiri, Yizhi Xiao, Marta Cerruti, Walter L Siqueira, Faleh Tamimi
Titanium (Ti) dental implants are susceptible to bacterial infections and failure due to lack of proper epithelial seal. Epithelial cells establish a strong epithelial seal around natural teeth by the deposition of basal lamina (BL) proteins that adsorb on the tooth surface. This seal can even be re-established onto cementum or dentin following injury or periodontal therapy. However, it is unclear how tooth surfaces promote this cell attachment and protein adsorption. Understanding the interactions between BL proteins and epithelial cells with dentin and Ti will facilitate the development of implant surfaces that promote the formation of an epithelial seal and improve the success of periodontal therapy and wound healing on natural teeth...
April 13, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655407/periodontal-prosthesis-in-contemporary-dentistry
#7
REVIEW
Chiun-Lin Steven Liu
In the last 5 decades, the developments of osseointegrated titanium implants (since 1965) have led to the success of contemporary dentistry. Endosseous implant-supported restorations delivered in accordance with the traditional Branemark protocol have proven to be highly predictable. Today, implants are becoming increasingly common in dental care and provide more therapeutic options, but treatment planning and the sequencing of therapy are critical in implant-assisted and implant-supported cases. Implant prostheses give patients and dentists more options in treatment planning, but also present challenging decisions regarding implant surgery...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653193/treatment-of-periodontitis-in-smokers-with-multiple-sessions-of-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-or-systemic-antibiotics-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Letícia Helena Theodoro, Naida Zanini Assem, Mariéllen Longo, Márcio Luiz Ferro Alves, Cristiane Duque, Rafael Nobrega Stipp, Natália Leal Vizoto, Valdir Gouveia Garcia
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical periodontal therapies on smokers with chronic periodontitis, involving multiple adjunctive applications of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT), and systemic metronidazole (MTZ) with amoxicillin (AMX). METHODS: All participants were treated with scaling and root planing (SRP). Seventeen patients received 400 mg of MTZ and 500 mg of AMX three times per day for 7 days (MTZ + AMX)...
April 10, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643633/anesthetic-efficacy-of-4-articaine-and-2-lignocaine-in-achieving-palatal-anesthesia-following-a-single-buccal-infiltration-during-periodontal-therapy-a-randomized-double-blind-split-mouth-study
#9
Balachandran Ashwath, Sundaram Subramoniam, Rajaram Vijayalakshmi, Muthukali Shanmugam, Bagavathiperumal Meena Priya, Vijayarangan Anitha
Background: The aim of this randomized split-mouth double-blind study was to evaluate whether 4% articaine hydrochloride with 1:100,000 epinephrine administered as a single buccal infiltration in the maxillary posterior sextant can provide palatal anesthesia when compared with 2% lignocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine during scaling and root planing and access flap surgery (AFS). Material and Methods: A total of 40 patients with chronic generalized periodontitis requiring periodontal therapy in the maxillary posterior sextants were recruited in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643530/-clinical-study-of-locking-taper-implants-in-patients-treated-for-periodontitis
#10
H D Zhang, L Zhang, D Shi, J Han, X Yan, Y S Xie, H X Meng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival rate and peri-implant clinical parameters of Locking-Taper implants in patients having lost their teeth due to non-periodontitis (NP) reasons, chronic periodontitis (CP) and aggressive periodontitis (AgP). METHODS: In the study, 145 subjects were installed with 315 Bicon Locking-Taper implants and followed up for 1-5 years. The subjects and implants were classified into three groups, tooth loss by NP, CP and AgP. NP included 44 subjects with 100 implants, CP 70 subjects with 132 implants and AgP 31 subjects with 83 implants...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624676/validity-of-self-reported-periodontal-measures-demographic-characteristics-and-systemic-medical-conditions
#11
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Alejandro Cisneros, Miguel Sanchez, Scott Lunos, Larry F Wolff
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to assess self-reported periodontal screening questions, demographic characteristics, systemic medical conditions and tobacco use for predicting periodontal disease among individuals seeking dental therapy in a university dental clinic. METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 4,890 randomly selected dental charts were evaluated from among patients who had attended the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry clinics for treatment...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624436/amniotic-band-syndrome-a-multidisciplinary-care-approach-to-the-treatment-of-a-rare-case
#12
Padma M Mukherjee, Marianella Natera, Howard Drew, Adriana Creanga
Amniotic band syndrome (ABS) is a rare developmental disorder associated with defects such as syndactyly, facial and/or palatal clefts, and dental anomalies like malformed or impacted teeth. In this report, a patient with ABS was successfully treated with orthodontic, endodontic, and periodontal therapies. Cone beam computed tomography revealed a unique eruptive path of the impacted central incisor through the incisive canal and cleft area. The tooth was occlusally and functionally stable after 1 year of treatment...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620635/effects-of-fixed-orthodontic-brackets-on-oral-malodor-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-according-to-the-preferred-reporting-items-for-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-guidelines
#13
Jing Huang, Cui-Ying Li, Jiu-Hui Jiang
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify whether there is any relationship between fixed orthodontic appliances and malodor, and if self-ligating brackets (SLBs) prevent malodor better than conventional brackets (CBs). METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September 2016; a manual search was also performed. Randomized controlled and clinical controlled trials, in which experimental groups received fixed orthodontic therapy and malodor was measured, were included...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619438/comparison-of-anti-bacterial-efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy-and-doxycycline-on-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans
#14
Ernie Maduratna Setiawatie, Vina Puji Lestari, Suryani Dyah Astuti
Background: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans ( A.actinomycetemcomitans ) is an anaerobic bacterium has been frequently associated with aggressive periodontitis. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a medical treatment to prevent infection progression that utilizes light to activate a photosensitizing agent. Doxycycline is an antibacterial having photosensitivity. This study aimed to evaluate potential doxycycline as an antibacterial and photosensitizer combine PDT against A.actinomycetemcomitans bacteria...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603711/management-of-a-severe-cervicofacial-odontogenic-infection
#15
Ana Km Tormes, Manoela M De Bortoli, Rui M Júnior, Emanuel Ss Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic infections originate from a tooth or from its supporting structures, generally secondary to a pulp necrosis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, apical lesions, or complications of dental procedures, which can be restricted to the alveolus or can reach the jaws and face through maxillofacial spaces. These are the most common conditions which affect the head and neck regions. AIM: The aim of this study is to report a severe case of a cervicofacial odontogenic infection while discussing the most relevant aspects...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603710/utilizing-the-gentlewave%C3%A2-system-for-debridement-of-undetected-apical-anatomy
#16
Michael W Ford
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Debriding and disinfecting complex anatomies within the root canal system pose a major challenge during root canal therapy. Even with current chemomechanical techniques, debris and bacterial remnants are commonly left behind, which are generally believed to increase the risk of endodontic failure. This case details the use of a new technique to debride complex apical anatomy in a maxillary molar. CASE REPORT: A 48-year-old female presented to the clinic with a chief complaint of increasing pain in her tooth...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600869/periodontal-tissue-bioengineering-is-the-future-now
#17
Tobias Fretwurst, Lena Larsson, Shan Huey Yu, Sophia P Pilipchuk, Darnell Kaigler, William V Giannobile
Periodontitis affects nearly half of the adult population in the United States and leads to periodontium destruction, tooth loss, and tooth mobility. Novel bioengineering has become an area of interest in dentistry, as various approaches aim to regenerate attachment apparatus around diseased teeth with the use of barriers, scaffolds, bone grafts, or biologics. This article emphasizes recent findings in the fields of stem cell/gene therapy, 3-dimensional printing, and innovative scaffold designs for future applications in clinical care...
April 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599596/diode-laser-and-periodontal-regeneration-assisted-management-of-implant-complications-in-anterior-maxilla
#18
Sanjeev Kumar Salaria, Isha Sharma, Navjot Kaur Brar, Satwant Kaur
Dental implant is being considered successful if the patient is pleased with both of its functional and esthetic outcome. As implant complications (such as peri-implantitis, inappropriate implant position, wrong angulation, and implant location too close to anatomical structures) have been frequently encountered in dental practice, therefore, thorough knowledge to manage such complications is the key prerequisite to prevent the failure of implant. The present case report discussed the etiology, diagnosis of early peri-implantitis, and periodontal abscess with their successful management through periodontal regeneration and diode laser-assisted therapy...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597317/contributions-of-bioactive-molecules-in-stem-cell-based-periodontal-regeneration
#19
REVIEW
An-Qi Liu, Cheng-Hu Hu, Fang Jin, Li-Shu Zhang, Kun Xuan
Periodontal disease is a widespread disease, which without proper treatment, may lead to tooth loss in adults. Because stem cells from the inflammatory microenvironment created by periodontal disease exhibit impaired regeneration potential even under favorable conditions, it is difficult to obtain satisfactory therapeutic outcomes using traditional treatments, which only focus on the control of inflammation. Therefore, a new stem cell-based therapy known as cell aggregates/cell sheets technology has emerged...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595347/relationship-between-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-1-infection-and-chronic-periodontitis
#20
Tábata Larissa S Pólvora, Átila Vinícius V Nobre, Camila Tirapelli, Mário Taba, Leandro Dorigan de Macedo, Rodrigo Carvalho Santana, Bruno Pozzetto, Alan Grupioni Lourenço, Ana Carolina F Motta
Current studies show that, even in the era of antiretroviral therapies, HIV-1 infection is associated with more severe and frequent refractory chronic periodontitis. Areas covered: This review, based on a systematic analysis of the literature, intends to provide an update on factors that may be involved in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease in HIV-1-infected patients, including local immunosuppression, oral microbial factors, systemic inflammation, salivary markers, and the role of gingival tissue as a possible reservoir of HIV-1...
March 29, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
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