keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laser surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646272/rhesus-cochlear-and-vestibular-functions-are-preserved-after-inner-ear-injection-of-saline-volume-sufficient-for-gene-therapy-delivery
#1
Chenkai Dai, Mohamed Lehar, Daniel Q Sun, Lani Swarthout Rvt, John P Carey, Tim MacLachlan, Doug Brough, Hinrich Staecker, Alexandra M Della Santina, Timothy E Hullar, Charles C Della Santina
Sensorineural losses of hearing and vestibular sensation due to hair cell dysfunction are among the most common disabilities. Recent preclinical research demonstrates that treatment of the inner ear with a variety of compounds, including gene therapy agents, may elicit regeneration and/or repair of hair cells in animals exposed to ototoxic medications or other insults to the inner ear. Delivery of gene therapy may also offer a means for treatment of hereditary hearing loss. However, injection of a fluid volume sufficient to deliver an adequate dose of a pharmacologic agent could, in theory, cause inner ear trauma that compromises functional outcome...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646238/-bladder-neck-sclerosis-following-prostate-surgery-which-therapy-when
#2
REVIEW
J J Rassweiler, H Weiss, A Heinze, M Elmussareh, M Fiedler, A S Goezen
Secondary bladder neck sclerosis represents one of the more frequent complications following endoscopic, open, and other forms of minimally invasive prostate surgery. Therapeutic decisions depend on the type of previous intervention (e.g., radical prostatectomy, TURP, HoLEP, radiotherapy, HIFU) and on associated complications (e.g., incontinence, fistula). Primary treatment in most cases represents an endoscopic bilateral incision. No specific advantages of any type of the applied energy (i.e., mono-/bipolar HF current, cold incision, holmium/thulium YAG laser) could be documented...
June 23, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645265/a-pilot-study-lasek-with-the-triple-a-profile-of-a-mel-90-for-mild-and-moderate-myopia
#3
Yingjun Chen, Dong Yang, Tian Han, Haipeng Xu, Meiyan Li, Xingtao Zhou
BACKGROUND: To investigate the visual and refractive outcomes in patients with mild to moderate myopia after laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) using the 500 Hz pulse rate of the Triple-A profile. METHODS: Thirty-six eyes of 20 patients (mean age, 27.5 ± 4.6 years) were included in this prospective, consecutive study. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corneal topography, and corneal aberrations were measured preoperatively and 1 day, 1 week, 1, 3 and 6 months post-operation...
June 23, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644235/chandelier-illumination-for-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty
#4
Toshiki Shimizu, Takahiko Hayashi, Kentaro Yuda, Ayako Tsuchiya, Itaru Oyakawa, Nobuhisa Mizuki, Naoko Kato
PURPOSE: To describe a simple technique that uses posterior chandelier illumination during Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in cases of severe bullous keratopathy (BK). METHODS: Five eyes of 4 patients with advanced BK undergoing Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty were retrospectively analyzed. The pupil of the host eye was not treated with mydriatic or miotic agents. The chandelier illuminator was inserted transconjunctivally into the vitreous cavity from the pars plana...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644192/vulvodynia-younger-age-and-combined-therapies-associate-with-significant-reduction-in-self-reported-pain
#5
Anu P Aalto, Silja Vuoristo, Heidi Tuomaala, Riikka J Niemi, Synnöve M Staff, Johanna U Mäenpää
OBJECTIVES: Eight percent of women have vulvodynia (VD), a chronic pain disorder with unknown etiology. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of given VD treatments measured by numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain and patients' quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study material consisted of a retrospective VD patient cohort (N = 70). Data were collected by postal questionnaires and review of the medical records. RESULTS: We report here a statistically significant reduction in NRS only with combination of therapies (median NRS before treatments 8 vs median NRS 4 after treatments, p < ...
July 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643797/deep-sclerectomy-for-uveitic-glaucoma-long-term-outcomes
#6
K Mercieca, L Steeples, N Anand
PurposeTo report long-term outcomes of deep sclerectomy (DS) in eyes with raised intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma secondary to uveitis.Patients and methodsRetrospective consecutive case series of 43 eyes of 43 patients with uveitic glaucoma. Mitomycin C (MMC) 0.2-0.4 mg/ml was applied sub-conjunctivally prior to scleral flap dissection for 2-3 min in 35 eyes (81%). Combined phacoemulsification and DS was done in 4 cases (9%).ResultsMean follow-up was 68.5±33.5 months. In total, 23 eyes (53.5%) had previous intraocular surgery...
June 23, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643710/postoperative-posterior-capsular-striae-and-the-posterior-capsular-opacification-in-patients-implanted-with-two-types-of-intraocular-lens-material
#7
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative posterior capsular striae (PCS) and its influence on posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in patients implanted with two types of lens material. SETTING: Tertiary eye care center in central rural India. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational, nonrandomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 1247 patients having age-related cataract scheduled for removal by phacoemulsification technique and implantation of hydrophilic or hydrophobic intraocular lens (IOL)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643708/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-clinical-and-surgical-skills
#8
Parikshit Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Dandapani Ramamurthy, Debashish Bhattacharya, Karl Golnik, Barun Kumar Nayak
BACKGROUND: Residency training is the basis of good clinical and surgical practice. PURPOSE: The aim is to know the demographics, training experience, and perception of young ophthalmologists to improve the present residency programs in India. SETTING: Young ophthalmologists trained in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmology Society, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those trained between 2002 and 2012, with 2-10 years' postresidency experience) to gauge teaching of clinical and surgical skills during the postgraduate residency program...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643340/trans-endoscopic-diode-laser-fenestration-of-equine-conchae-via-contralateral-nostril-approach
#9
Filip Kološ, Štěpán Bodeček, Zdeněk Žert
OBJECTIVE: To describe and report preliminary outcomes of a contralateral trans-nasal endoscopic laser fenestration of the conchae for endoscopic examination and treatment of paranasal sinuses in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric experimental and prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Normal cadaveric equine heads (n = 7) and equine patients (horses n = 7, donkey n = 1) diagnosed with sinusitis. METHODS: Ex vivo: a video-endoscope containing a diode laser fiber in the working canal was passed through the nostril and retroflexed in the nasopharynx toward the contralateral conchae...
June 23, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638578/a-rare-case-of-aerococcus-urinae-infective-endocarditis
#10
Harsha Tathireddy, Sahitya Settypalli, John J Farrell
Introduction:Aerococcus urinae is a rare cause of infective endocarditis. Aerococcus is a gram positive cocci that is easily misidentified as Staphylococci or Streptococci. The true incidence rate of this pathogen is likely underestimated. Recent advances in laboratory diagnostic methods with matrix-associated laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) have lead to increased recognition of this pathogen in the clinical microbiology lab, and awareness as a cause of infective endocarditis in the infectious disease community...
March 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638555/a-comparative-evaluation-oral-leukoplakia-surgical-management-using-diode-laser-co2-laser-and-cryosurgery
#11
Madhukar Natekar, Hosahallli-Puttaiah Raghuveer, Dilip-Kumar Rayapati, Eshwara-Singh Shobha, Nagesh-Tavane Prashanth, Vinod Rangan, Archana G Panicker
BACKGROUND: The comparatively evaluate the three surgical treatment modalities namely cryosurgery, diode and CO2 laser surgery in terms of healing outcomes on the day of surgery, first and second week post operatively and recurrence at the end of 18 months was assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty selected patients were divided randomly into three groups. Each group comprising of ten patients were subjected to one of the three modalities of treatment namely cryosurgery, diode laser or CO2 laser surgery for ablation of OL...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635202/palliative-treatment-of-life-threatening-hemoptysis-with-silicone-stent-insertion-in-advanced-lung-cancer
#12
Emanuela Barisione, Carlo Genova, Marco Grosso, Mercedes Pasquali, Alessandro Blanco, Raffaella Felletti, Mario Salio
Massive hemoptysis is a stressful and life-threatening event that can occur in lung cancer patients. The management of this event is usually challenging, and can involve surgery, embolization, and bronchoscopy. Unfortunately, while surgery can offer a definitive solution to hemoptysis, lung cancer patients are often excluded from this approach. On the other hand, bronchial arterial embolization rarely results in long-term control of bleeding. Endoscopy allows a skilled physician to perform mechanical tamponade or laser photocoagulation of bleeding lesions and preserve the main airways...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632456/effect-of-carbon-dioxide-laser-on-increasing-vestibular-depth-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#13
Sogra Yassaei, Hossein Aghili, Alireza Navab Azam, Mahjobeh Gholdani Moghadam, Isa Safari
BACKGROUND: Shallow upper buccal sulcus deformity in cleft lip and palate patients is one of the common secondary deformities after primary cleft lip and palate repair; this deformity may prevent or complicate orthodontic and prosthodontic procedures causing aesthetic and functional problems. A number of methods are described to increase the anterior maxillary sulcus in these patients. PURPOSE: This study assessed the use of a carbon dioxide laser (CO2) to increase the sulcus depth...
June 20, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631160/role-of-imaging-in-the-follow-up-of-t2-t3-glottic-cancer-treated-by-transoral-laser-microsurgery
#14
Filippo Marchi, Cesare Piazza, Marco Ravanelli, Giovanna Gaggero, Giampiero Parrinello, Alberto Paderno, Pietro Perotti, Marta Filauro, Roberto Maroldi, Giorgio Peretti
An unblinded retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was carried out on 138 patients affected by glottic pT2 and selected pT3 squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) treated by transoral laser microsurgery (TLM). The entire cohort was divided into two groups: Group A included 78 "high-risk" patients (pT2 with impaired vocal cord mobility, pT3 for anterior paraglottic and/or pre-epiglottic space invasion, presence of angioembolization, perineural spread, and positive lymph nodes in the neck) who underwent postoperative surveillance by endoscopy and imaging (CT or MR), while Group B included 60 "low-risk" patients (pT2 with absence of the above-mentioned features) who underwent endoscopic follow-up alone...
June 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629164/cataract-surgery-performed-by-high-frequency-ldv-z8-femtosecond-laser-safety-efficacy-and-its-physical-properties
#15
Bojan Pajic, Zeljka Cvejic, Brigitte Pajic-Eggspuehler
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the LDV Z8 femtosecond laser in cataract surgery compared to the conventional procedure. METHODS: This prospective study was performed at the Swiss Eye Research Foundation, Eye Clinic ORASIS, Reinach, Switzerland. The study included 130 eyes from 130 patients: 68 treated with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) using the FEMTO LDV Z8 and 62 treated with conventional phacoemulsification...
June 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625446/a-novel-treatment-for-chronic-opioid-use-after-surgery
#16
Paul F White, Ofelia Loani Elvir-Lazo, Hector Hernandez
In a recent article from the Center for Disease Control, the authors addressed the current opioid epidemic in America and emphasized the importance of utilizing non-opioid analgesic alternatives to opioid medication for treating chronic pain. In cases where non-opioid analgesic drugs alone have failed to produce adequate pain relief, these authors suggested that non-pharmacologic therapies should also be considered. This Case Series describes a pilot study designed to evaluate a novel non-pharmacologic approach to treating long-standing (>1year) opioid dependency...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624755/stereo-vision-based-tracking-of-soft-tissue-motion-with-application-to-online-ablation-control-in-laser-microsurgery
#17
Andreas Schoob, Dennis Kundrat, Lüder A Kahrs, Tobias Ortmaier
Recent research has revealed that image-based methods can enhance accuracy and safety in laser microsurgery. In this study, non-rigid tracking using surgical stereo imaging and its application to laser ablation is discussed. A recently developed motion estimation framework based on piecewise affine deformation modeling is extended by a mesh refinement step and considering texture information. This compensates for tracking inaccuracies potentially caused by inconsistent feature matches or drift. To facilitate online application of the method, computational load is reduced by concurrent processing and affine-invariant fusion of tracking and refinement results...
June 8, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624552/-watering-can-ureterocele-puncture-technique-leads-to-decreased-rates-of-de-novo-vur-and-subsequent-surgery-with-durable-results
#18
Joseph Haddad, Bhalaajee Meenakshi-Sundaram, Nathan Rademaker, Hubert Greger, Christopher Aston, Blake W Palmer, Bradley P Kropp, Dominic Frimberger
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of 'Watering Can' ureterocele puncture, a technique previously associated with decreased incidence of de novo VUR, as a durable option for management of ureteroceles and to determine the need for subsequent surgery for VUR following 'Watering Can' puncture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 55 consecutive endoscopic ureterocele procedures done at our institution from 1999 to 2015. The WCP was performed using a holmium laser fiber to make 10-20 puncture holes through the ureterocele...
June 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624221/mir-1290-is-a-biomarker-in-dna-mismatch-repair-deficient-colon-cancer-and-promotes-resistance-to-5-fluorouracil-by-directly-targeting-hmsh2
#19
Ling Ye, Tao Jiang, Huanzhang Shao, Lin Zhong, Zhaowen Wang, Yuan Liu, Huamei Tang, Bingyu Qin, Xiaoqing Zhang, Junwei Fan
5-Fluorouracil (5FU)-based adjuvant therapy is the first-line therapy for treating stage II and III colon cancer after surgery. However, its therapeutic efficacy is limited because of chemoresistance, especially in deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) colon cancer. Here, we first used laser capture microdissection to obtain purified cells from four dMMR and four proficient mismatch repair (pMMR) colon cancer tissues. Second, microRNA (miRNA) microarray chips were used to identify miRNAs that are differentially expressed between these two classes of tumors...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623990/incidence-of-venous-leg-ulcer-healing-and-recurrence-after-treatment-with-endovenous-laser-ablation
#20
William A Marston, Jason Crowner, Ana Kouri, Corey A Kalbaugh
BACKGROUND: The Effect of Surgery and Compression on Healing and Recurrence (ESCHAR) trial previously reported that patients with venous leg ulcers treated with saphenous stripping experienced a significantly reduced incidence of ulcer recurrence compared with patients treated with compression therapy. Most patients with leg ulcers and saphenous insufficiency are currently treated with endovenous thermal ablation (EVTA), but little information is available on the long-term results after EVTA in Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology (CEAP) clinical class 5 (C5) and class 6 (C6) patients...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
keyword
keyword
2333
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"