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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922332/effect-of-moderate-and-high-intensity-chronic-exercise-on-the-pancreatic-islet-morphometry-in-healthy-rats-bdnf-receptor-participation
#1
Alberto Jiménez-Maldonado, Adolfo Virgen-Ortiz, Valery Melnikov, Alejandrina Rodríguez-Hernández, Armando Gamboa-Domínguez, Sergio Montero, Jesús Muñiz-Murguía, Mónica Lemus, Elena Roces de Álvarez-Buylla
A B S T R A C T The function and morphology of β-cells is largely dependent on insulin demand. As β-cells cover a bigger cell proportion in pancreas islets, changes of insulin producer cells affect the whole pancreatic islet morphology. Growth factors as the neurotrophins regulate the pancreas physiology, besides; physical exercise increases insulin sensitivity, and further modifies brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentration in plasma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic exercise (running in a treadmill for eight weeks) intensity on pancreatic islet morphometry in healthy state...
December 6, 2016: Islets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920508/impact-of-whole-body-electromyostimulation-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-the-randomized-controlled-formosa-sarcopenic-obesity-study
#2
Katharina Wittmann, Cornel Sieber, Simon von Stengel, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Franz Jakob, Michael Lell, Klaus Engelke, Wolfgang Kemmler
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is characterized by a combination of low muscle and high fat mass with an additive negative effect of both conditions on cardiometabolic risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in community-dwelling women aged ≥70 years with SO. METHODS: The study was conducted in an ambulatory university setting. Seventy-five community-dwelling women aged ≥70 years with SO living in Northern Bavaria, Germany, were randomly allocated to either 6 months of WB-EMS application with (WB-EMS&P) or without (WB-EMS) dietary supplementation (150 kcal/day, 56% protein) or a non-training control group (CG)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920258/the-effects-of-three-different-exercise-modalities-on-markers-of-male-reproduction-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Behzad Hajizadeh Maleki, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Mohammad Chehrazi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-intensity continuous training (HICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on markers of male reproduction including seminal markers of oxidative stress and inflammation as well as semen quality and sperm DNA integrity in healthy human subjects. A total of 397 healthy male volunteers were screened and 280 were randomly assigned to one of the MICT (n = 70), HICT (n = 70), HIIT (n = 70) and non-exercise (NON-EX, n = 70) groups...
February 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918902/development-of-an-intensive-care-unit-resource-assessment-survey-for-the-care-of-critically-ill-patients-in-resource-limited-settings
#4
Aleksandra Leligdowicz, Satish Bhagwanjee, Janet V Diaz, Wei Xiong, John C Marshall, Robert A Fowler, Neill Kj Adhikari
PURPOSE: Capacity to provide critical care in resource-limited settings is poorly understood because of lack of data about resources available to manage critically ill patients. Our objective was to develop a survey to address this issue. METHODS: We developed and piloted a cross-sectional self-administered survey in 9 resource-limited countries. The survey consisted of 8 domains; specific items within domains were modified from previously developed survey tools...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918678/gait-asymmetry-during-400-to-1000-m-high-intensity-track-running-in-relation-to-injury-history
#5
Rahel Ammann, Wolfgang Taube, Thomas Wyss
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to quantify gait asymmetry in well-trained runners, with and without previous injuries during interval training sessions incorporating different distances. METHODS: Twelve well-trained runners participated in eight high-intensity interval training sessions on a synthetic track over a 4-week period. The training consisted of 10 × 400 m, 8 × 600 m, 7 × 800 m, and 6 × 1000 m running. Using an inertial measurement unit, the ground contact time (GCT) of every step was recorded...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918662/effects-of-a-two-week-high-intensity-training-camp-on-sleep-activity-of-professional-rugby-league-athletes
#6
Heidi R Thornton, Grant M Duthie, Nathan W Pitchford, Jace A Delaney, Dean T Benton, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a training camp on the sleep characteristics of professional rugby league players compared to a home period. METHODS: During a seven-day home and 13-day camp period, time in bed (TIB), total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency (SE) and wake after sleep onset (WASO) were measured using wristwatch actigraphy. Subjective wellness and training loads (TL) were also collected. Differences in sleep and TL between the two periods and the effect of daytime naps on night time sleep were examined using linear mixed models...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918660/vo2-at-maximal-and-supramaximal-intensities-lessons-to-high-interval-training-in-swimming
#7
Ana Sousa, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Ricardo J Fernandes, Pedro Figueiredo
PURPOSE: To establish appropriate work intensity for interval training that would elicit maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) for well-trained swimmers. METHODS: 12 male competitive swimmers completed an incremental protocol to determine the minimum velocity at VO2max (vVO2max) and, in randomized order, three square wave exercises from rest to 95, 100 and 105% of vVO2max. Temporal aspects of the VO2 response were examined in these latter. RESULTS: Swimming at 105% of vVO2max took less (p<0...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918334/challenges-of-anesthesia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-access-to-safe-obstetric-anesthesia-in-east-africa
#8
Isabella Epiu, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Cephas Mijumbi, Thomas M Chokwe, Edwin Lugazia, Francois Ndarugirire, Theogene Twagirumugabe, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: The United Nations 2015 Millennium Development Goals targeted a 75% reduction in maternal mortality. However, in spite of this goal, the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births remains unacceptably high across Sub-Saharan Africa. Because many of these deaths could likely be averted with access to safe surgery, including cesarean delivery, we set out to assess the capacity to provide safe anesthetic care for mothers in the main referral hospitals in East Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at 5 main referral hospitals in East Africa: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918079/high-intensity-treadmill-running-impairs-cognitive-behavior-and-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-of-rats-via-activation-of-inflammatory-response
#9
Li-Na Sun, Xiao-Long Li, Fei Wang, Jun Zhang, Dan-Dan Wang, Li Yuan, Mei-Na Wu, Zhao-Jun Wang, Jin-Shun Qi
Although appropriate exercise is beneficial for enhancing brain functions, high-intensity exercise (HIE)-induced cognitive dysfunction is causing more and more concerns nowadays. In the present study, we observed the effects of high-intensity treadmill running on the spatial learning of the adult Sprague Dawley male rats in Y-maze (n = 16 per group), and investigated its possible electrophysiological and molecular mechanisms by examining in vivo hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), central inflammatory responses, and JNK/p38/ERK signal pathway...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917704/parent-child-interaction-in-motor-speech-therapy
#10
Aravind Kumar Namasivayam, Vibhuti Jethava, Margit Pukonen, Anna Huynh, Debra Goshulak, Robert Kroll, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: This study measures the reliability and sensitivity of a modified Parent-Child Interaction Observation scale (PCIOs) used to monitor the quality of parent-child interaction. The scale is part of a home-training program employed with direct motor speech intervention for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Eighty-four preschool age children with speech sound disorders were provided either high- (2×/week/10 weeks) or low-intensity (1×/week/10 weeks) motor speech intervention...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916118/an-in%C3%A2-vitro-approach-for-lipolysis-measurement-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-and-partial-least-squares-based-analysis
#11
Wen-Qi Chang, Jian-Liang Zhou, Yi Li, Zi-Qi Shi, Li Wang, Jie Yang, Ping Li, Li-Fang Liu, Gui-Zhong Xin
The elevation of free fatty acids (FFAs) has been regarded as a universal metabolic signature of excessive adipocyte lipolysis. Nowadays, in vitro lipolysis assay is generally essential for drug screening prior to the animal study. Here, we present a novel in vitro approach for lipolysis measurement combining UHPLC-Orbitrap and partial least squares (PLS) based analysis. Firstly, the calibration matrix was constructed by serial proportions of mixed samples (blended with control and model samples). Then, lipidome profiling was performed by UHPLC-Orbitrap, and 403 variables were extracted and aligned as dataset...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914275/inter-observer-agreement-of-the-general-movements-assessment-with-infants-following-surgery
#12
Cathryn Crowle, Claire Galea, Catherine Morgan, Iona Novak, Karen Walker, Nadia Badawi
BACKGROUND: The General Movements Assessment (GMA) is a validated and reliable method of identifying infants at risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, however there is minimal data available on the use of the GMA with infants following surgery. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-observer agreement for the GMA with this infant population. STUDY DESIGN: Reliability and agreement study. SUBJECTS: This was a prospective cohort study of 190 infants (male n=112) born at term (mean 38weeks, SD 2weeks)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909789/factors-influencing-aversive-learning-in-the-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis
#13
J L Liu, H L Chen, X Y Chen, R K Cui, A Guerrero, X N Zeng
Parameters such as the intensity of conditioned and unconditioned stimuli, the inter-trial interval, and starvation time can influence learning. In this study, the parameters that govern aversive learning in the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, a serious pest of fruits and vegetables, were examined. Male flies were trained to associate the attractive odorant methyl eugenol, a male lure, with a food punishment, sodium chloride solution, and the conditioned suppression of the proboscis-extension response was investigated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906996/reach-the-person-behind-the-dementia-physical-therapists-reflections-and-strategies-when-composing-physical-training
#14
Anncristine Fjellman-Wiklund, Ellinor Nordin, Dawn A Skelton, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson
Dementia is a disease characterized by cognitive impairment and physical decline that worsens over time. Exercise is one lifestyle factor that has been identified as a potential means of reducing or delaying progression of the symptoms of dementia, maximizing function and independence. The purpose of this study was to explore physical therapists' (PTs) experiences and reflections on facilitating high-intensity functional exercise with older people living with dementia, in residential care home settings. The study used a qualitative design based on interviews, individually or in small groups, with seven PTs engaged as leaders in the training of older people with dementia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906593/does-swimming-at-a-moderate-altitude-favor-a-lower-oxidative-stress-in-an-intensity-dependent-manner-role-of-nonenzymatic-antioxidants
#15
Rafael A Casuso, Jerónimo Aragón-Vela, Gracia López-Contreras, Silvana N Gomes, Cristina Casals, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Jordi J Mercadé, Jesus R Huertas
Casuso, Rafael A., Jerónimo Aragón-Vela, Gracia López-Contreras, Silvana N. Gomes, Cristina Casals, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Jordi J. Mercadé, and Jesus R. Huertas. Does swimming at a moderate altitude favor a lower oxidative stress in an intensity-dependent manner? Role of nonenzymatic antioxidants. High-Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2016-we aimed to describe oxidative damage and enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant responses to swimming at different intensities in hypoxia. We recruited 12 highly experienced swimmers who have been involved in competitive swimming for at least 9 years...
December 1, 2016: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906554/sleep-quality-and-high-intensity-interval-training-at-two-different-times-of-day-a-crossover-study-on-the-influence-of-the-chronotype-in-male-collegiate-soccer-players
#16
Jacopo A Vitale, Matteo Bonato, Letizia Galasso, Antonio La Torre, Giampiero Merati, Angela Montaruli, Eliana Roveda, Franca Carandente
The influence of the chronotype on the sleep quality in male collegiate soccer players in response to acute high intensity interval training (HIIT) performed at two different times of day was evaluated. The sleep quality was poorer in the morning-type than in the evening-type players after the evening HIIT session, whereas no significant changes in the sleep quality of the two chronotypes after the morning HIIT session was observed. The results suggest that an athlete's chronotype should be taken into account when scheduling training sessions and to promote faster recovery processes...
December 1, 2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905909/development-of-a-measure-of-model-fidelity-for-mental-health-crisis-resolution-teams
#17
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Gary R Bond, Torleif Ruud, Ada Ivanecka, Richard Gray, David Osborn, Fiona Nolan, Claire Henderson, Oliver Mason, Nicky Goater, Kathleen Kelly, Gareth Ambler, Nicola Morant, Steve Onyett, Danielle Lamb, Sarah Fahmy, Ellie Brown, Beth Paterson, Angela Sweeney, David Hindle, Kate Fullarton, Johanna Frerichs, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs) provide short-term intensive home treatment to people experiencing mental health crisis. Trial evidence suggests CRTs can be effective at reducing hospital admissions and increasing satisfaction with acute care. When scaled up to national level however, CRT implementation and outcomes have been variable. We aimed to develop and test a fidelity scale to assess adherence to a model of best practice for CRTs, based on best available evidence. METHODS: A concept mapping process was used to develop a CRT fidelity scale...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903204/service-delivery-model-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-an-australian-regional-hospital
#18
Joe McCaffrey, Neil R Orford, Nicholas Simpson, Jill Lamb Jenkins, Christopher Morley, Vin Pellegrino
BACKGROUND: The role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for adults in regional centres with low numbers of patients receiving ECMO is unclear. A robust service delivery model may assist in the quality provision of ECMO. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel ECMO service delivery model in a regional Australian hospital, reporting on patient characteristics and outcomes before and after its implementation. METHODS: An observational cohort study of all patients receiving ECMO at the University Hospital Geelong intensive care unit before and after implementation of a new ECMO clinical service model...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902936/how-restful-is-it-with-all-that-noise-comparison-of-interleaved-silent-steady-state-isss-and-conventional-imaging-in-resting-state-fmri
#19
J Andoh, M Ferreira, I R Leppert, R Matsushita, B Pike, R J Zatorre
Resting-state fMRI studies have become very important in cognitive neuroscience because they are able to identify BOLD fluctuations in brain circuits involved in motor, cognitive, or perceptual processes without the use of an explicit task. Such approaches have been fruitful when applied to various disordered populations, or to children or the elderly. However, insufficient attention has been paid to the consequences of the loud acoustic scanner noise associated with conventional fMRI acquisition, which could be an important confounding factor affecting auditory and/or cognitive networks in resting-state fMRI...
November 27, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902412/the-staff-education-to-reducing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#20
Gurdal Yilmaz, Hava Aydin, Mustafa Aydin, Sedat Saylan, Hulya Ulusoy, Iftihar Koksal
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving invasive procedure performed in intensive care units (ICUs) where critical patients are given advanced support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of personnel training on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The study, performed prospectively in the ICU, was planned in two periods. In both periods, patient's characteristics were recorded on patient data forms. In the second period, ICU physicians and assistant health personnel were given regular theoretical and practical training...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
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