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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813206/levamisole-in-illicit-trafficking-cocaine-seized-a-one-year-study
#1
Simona Martello, Massimo Pieri, Cristiano Ialongo, Stefano Pignalosa, Gianluca Noce, Francesca Vernich, Carmelo Russo, Federico Mineo, Sergio Bernardini, Luigi Tonino Marsella
Cocaine use is increasing around the world and its purity is frequently altered through dilution, substitution, contamination, and adulteration. Sugars, talc, starch, and carbonates represent the principal diluents of cocaine, while phenacetin, levamisole, caffeine, and lidocaine are its major adulterants in Europe. Levamisole is used because it is an odorless powder, with physical properties similar to cocaine, and it has reasonable cost and availability, being widely used in veterinary medicine. For this study, we analyzed 88 cocaine samples...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812309/murine-pulmonary-imaging-at-7t-t2-and-t1-with-anisotropic-ute
#2
Jinbang Guo, Xuefeng Cao, Zackary I Cleveland, Jason C Woods
PURPOSE: To measure the T2* and T1 of mouse lung at 7T via anisotropic-resolution radial ultrashort echo-time imaging with ellipsoidal k-space coverage. METHODS: Ellipsoidal field-of-view was created by expanding uniform spherical k-space coverage. The effects of T2* and ellipsoidal sampling on image resolution were investigated by using point-spread-function analysis and resolution phantoms. Finally, this ellipsoidal sampling approach was used to measure the lung T2* and T1 of healthy C57BL/6 mice at the increasingly common preclinical field strength of 7T...
August 15, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810235/obesity-as-a-conditioning-factor-for-high-altitude-diseases
#3
Rocío San Martin, Julio Brito, Patricia Siques, Fabiola León-Velarde
Obesity, a worldwide epidemic, has become a major health burden because it is usually accompanied by an increased risk for insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and even some kinds of cancer. It also results in associated increases in healthcare expenditures and labor and economic consequences. There are also other fields of medicine and biology where obesity or being overweight play a major role, such as high-altitude illnesses (acute mountain sickness, hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, and chronic mountain sickness), where an increasing relationship among these two morbid statuses has been demonstrated...
August 16, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808489/what-should-be-the-appropriate-minimal-duration-for-patient-examination-and-evaluation-in-pulmonary-outpatient-clinics
#4
Benan Musellim, Sermin Borekci, Gulfidan Uzan, Zafer Hasan Ali Sak, Secil Kepil Ozdemir, Goksel Altinisik, Sinem Agca Altunbey, Nazan Sen, Oguz Kilinc, Arzu Yorgancioglu
INTRODUCTION: Patient examinations performed in a limited time period may lead to impairment in patient and physician relationship, defective and erroneous diagnosis, inappropriate prescriptions, less common use of preventive medicine practices, poor patient satisfaction, and increased violent acts against health-care staff. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the appropriate minimal duration of patient examination in the pulmonary practice. METHODS: A total of 49 researchers from ten different study groups of the Turkish Thoracic Society participated in the study...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#5
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802471/integrative-medicine-for-respiratory-conditions-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
REVIEW
Gloria Y Yeh, Randy Horwitz
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are 2 common chronic respiratory disorders in primary care that cause considerable morbidity and mortality. This article reviews disease pathophysiology and outlines an integrative, multidimensional approach to the evaluation and management of these conditions, including pharmacotreatment, nutrition, supplements, self-care strategies, mind-body therapies, and other integrative modalities.
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801633/evaluation-of-novel-factor-xa-inhibitors-from-oxya-chinensis-sinuosa-with-anti-platelet-aggregation-activity
#7
Wonhwa Lee, HeeSeung Lee, Mi-Ae Kim, Joonhyeok Choi, Kyung-Min Kim, Jae Sam Hwang, MinKyun Na, Jong-Sup Bae
The edible grasshopper Oxya chinensis sinuosa is consumed worldwide for its various medicinal effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential bioactive antithrombotic and antiplatelet compounds from O. chinensis sinuosa. Five N-acetyldopamine dimers (1-5) were isolated from O. chinensis sinuosa and compounds 1 and 2 were identified as new chemicals with chiral centers at H-2 and H-3 of the benzo-1,4-dioxane structure. Compounds 1-4 were found to have both FXa and platelet aggregation inhibitory activities...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801434/comparative-effectiveness-of-six-chinese-herb-formulas-for-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#8
Shaonan Liu, Jing Chen, Yihan He, Lei Wu, Jiaqi Lai, Jinhong Zuo, Lihong Yang, Xinfeng Guo
INTRODUCTION: Chinese medicine is commonly used to combine with pharmacotherapy for the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Six Chinese herb formulas involving Weijing decoction, Maxingshigan decoction, Yuebijiabanxia decoction, Qingqihuatan decoction, Dingchuan decoction and Sangbaipi decoction are recommended in Chinese medicine clinical guideline or textbook, to relieve patients with phlegm-heat according to Chinese syndrome differentiation...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800865/contemporary-reviews-in-critical-care-medicine-anaphylaxis
#9
REVIEW
Daniel LoVerde, Onyinye I Iweala, Ariana Eginli, Guha Krishnaswamy
Anaphylaxis is a systemic, life threatening disorder triggered by mediators released by mast cells and basophils activated via allergic (IgE-mediated) or non-allergic (non-IgE-mediated) mechanisms. It is a rapidly evolving, multisystem process involving the integumentary, pulmonary, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. Anaphylaxis and angioedema are serious disorders that can lead to fatal airway obstruction and culminate in cardiorespiratory arrest resulting in hypoxemia and/or shock. Often, these disorders can be appropriately managed in an outpatient setting...
August 8, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800265/use-of-snomed-ct%C3%A2-and-loinc%C3%A2-to-standardize-terminology-for-primary-care-asthma-electronic-health-records
#10
M Diane Lougheed, Nicola J Thomas, Nastasia V Wasilewski, Alison H Morra, Janice P Minard
OBJECTIVES: The burden of asthma ranks among the highest for chronic diseases. Interoperable EHRs can improve the management of chronic diseases such as asthma by facilitating sharing of data between health care settings along the continuum of care. Terminology such as SNOMED CT® (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms) and LOINC® (Logistical Observation Identifier Names and Codes) are prerequisites for interoperability of electronic health records (EHRs). We sought to determine the extent to which data elements in a validated asthma care map (ACM) are congruent with these terminologies...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798807/clinical-effects-and-safety-of-zhi-sou-san-for-cough-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#11
REVIEW
Ningchang Cheng, Jia Zhu, Pinpin Ding
INTRODUCTION: Zhi Sou San (ZSS), a traditional Chinese prescription, has been widely applied in treating cough. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ZSS for cough. METHODS: We searched relevant articles up to 5 March 2017 in seven electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, PubMed, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Cqvip Database (VIP), China Biology Medicine disc (CBM), and Wanfang Data...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797611/video-instruction-is-more-effective-than-written-instruction-in-improving-inhaler-technique
#12
Romil F Shah, Rakesh M Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with asthma use inhalers incorrectly. Better inhaler technique is associated with better asthma control. We tested the effectiveness of a computer-based video training solution versus traditional written instructions, both which may be used in a resource-limited setting, for teaching inhaler technique. We hypothesized that computer based training will provide a higher quality of instruction which will improve technique more effectively than written training...
August 7, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795371/hepatoprotective-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-anvillea-garcinii-and-isolation-of-four-new-secondary-metabolites
#13
Shagufta Perveen, Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Hasan Soliman Yusufoglu, Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Ahmed Foudah, Maged Saad Abdel-Kader
Anvillea garcinii is a medicinal plant traditionally used for the treatment of dysentery, gastrointestinal troubles, hepatitis, lung disease, colds, digestive problems and pulmonary affections and in liver diseases. Four new sesquiterpene lactones, garcinamines A-D, along with seven known compounds, were isolated from the leaves of A. garcinii. This is the first report of the isolation of amino acid analogues of parthenolide-type sesquiterpene lactones from the family Asteraceae. Total ethanol extract of leaves as well as the chloroform and n-butanol fractions were tested for their hepatoprotective effect using the carbon tetrachloride liver toxicity model...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793969/lung-ultrasound-in-internal-medicine-a-bedside-help-to-increase-accuracy-in-the-diagnosis-of-dyspnea
#14
Tiziano Perrone, Alessia Maggi, Carmelo Sgarlata, Ilaria Palumbo, Elisa Mossolani, Sara Ferrari, Ariel Melloul, Roberta Mussinelli, Michele Boldrini, Ambra Raimondi, Aderville Cabassi, Francesco Salinaro, Stefano Perlini
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is one of the most frequent causes of admission in Internal Medicine wards, leading to a sizeable utilization of medical resources. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The role of bedside lung ultrasound (LUS) was evaluated in 130 consecutive patients (age: 81±9years), in whom blindly collected LUS results were compared with data obtained by clinical examination, medical history, blood analysis, and chest X-ray. Dyspnea etiology was classified as "cardiac" (n=80), "respiratory" (n=36) or "mixed" (n=14), according to the discharge diagnosis (congestive heart failure either alone [n=80] or associated with pneumonia [n=14], pneumonia [n=24], and obstructive disventilatory syndrome [n=12])...
August 6, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792914/reply-pulmonary-thromboembolism-in-an-emergency-hospital-are-our-patients-different
#15
Petros Ioannou
In their recent work published in the Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Balahura et al. reviewed the cases of pulmonary embolism (PE) diagnosed in an emergency hospital in Bucharest during a 3 year period from January 2014 to December 2016 [1]. Among their observations was that novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were administered in 26.3% of patients diagnosed with PE, while vitamin K antagonists (VKA) were administered in 71.7% of them [1]. The authors state that their study was performed at a time when NOACs were just becoming available in the hospitals of Romania, and they imply that more patients with PE could be treated nowadays with NOACs...
August 5, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783251/safety-and-efficacy-of-allogeneic-lung-spheroid-cells-in-a-mismatched-rat-model-of-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
Jhon Cores, M Taylor Hensley, Kathryn Kinlaw, S Michaela Rikard, Phuong-Uyen Dinh, Dipti Paudel, Junnan Tang, Adam C Vandergriff, Tyler A Allen, Yazhou Li, Jianhua Liu, Bo Niu, Yuepeng Chi, Thomas Caranasos, Leonard J Lobo, Ke Cheng
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating interstitial lung disease characterized by the relentless deposition of extracellular matrix causing lung distortions and dysfunctions. The prognosis after detection is merely 3-5 years and the only two Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs treat the symptoms, not the disease, and have numerous side effects. Stem cell therapy is a promising treatment strategy for pulmonary fibrosis. Current animal and clinical studies focus on the use of adipose or bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells...
August 7, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782613/the-regulation-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-status-against-lung-injury-of-residue-polysaccharides-by-lentinula-edodes
#17
Zhenzhen Ren, Juan Li, Xinling Song, Jianjun Zhang, Wenshuai Wang, Xiuxiu Wang, Zheng Gao, Huijuan Jing, Shangshang Li, Le Jia
In present study, two hydrolyzed residue polysaccharides (RPS) of enzymatic-RPS (ERPS) and acidic-RPS (ARPS) were successfully obtained from the residue of Lentinula edodes, and the anti-inflammatory as well as antioxidative effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced (LPS-induced) lung injured mice were investigated. The results demonstrated that ERPS showed superior lung protective effects by ameliorating the lung wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratio, reducing the TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β levels in BALF, lowing the pulmonary MPO activity, decreasing the serum C3 and hs-CPR contents, as well as improving the antioxidant status by enhancing pulmonary enzyme activities (SOD, GSH-Px, CAT, and T-AOC) and eliminating the lipid peroxidation (MDA and LPO), respectively...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780659/preconception-counseling-for-women-with-cardiac-disease
#18
REVIEW
Mark A Clapp, Sarah N Bernstein
All providers who care for reproductive-aged women with cardiac disease should assess these patients' desires and plans for pregnancy at every encounter. For those considering pregnancy, preconception counseling, often performed by a maternal-fetal medicine specialist, can help patients understand the potential implications of pregnancy on their health and estimate the risks of an adverse cardiac event prior to conceiving. There are cardiac conditions, such as pulmonary hypertension and aortic stenosis, in which pregnancy may be contraindicated given the high morbidity and mortality; there are tools available to help quantify a patient's risk...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779766/the-discovery-of-macitentan-a-standard-medicinal-chemistry-program
#19
Martin H Bolli
A plethora of properties are typically studied during a medicinal chemistry program and many of these parameters may shape the cascade of compound selection. Given the task to discover a molecule with a profile superior to that of the dual endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan, we tailored our compound profiling cascade to the specific properties that were not optimal in bosentan, namely in vivo efficacy and safety. Contrary to conventional thinking, we therefore focused on corresponding in vivo experiments...
August 9, 2017: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778045/bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-toxicopathological-changes-in-rats-and-its-prevention-by-walnut-extract
#20
Saba Beigh, Hina Rashid, Shikha Sharma, Suhel Parvez, Sheikh Raisuddin
Oxidative stress-related inflammation and apoptosis are important pathogenic consequences, which result in acute pulmonary toxicity. Bleomycin (BLM) is used to treat various forms of cancers. However, its prolonged administration is associated with major toxicity to respiratory system. We studied the effect of walnut (Juglans regia) extract in a rat model of BLM-induced pulmonary toxicopathy. We also studied parameters of inflammation, apoptosis and oxidative stress in various groups of animals. Prophylactic treatment of total methanolic extract of walnut at the dose of 150mg/kg b...
August 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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