keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pulmonary medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352416/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-pediatric-anesthesiology-and-critical-care-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Erik Su, Nicholas Dalesio, Aliaksei Pustavoitau
Ultrasound has increasingly become a clinical asset in the hands of the anesthesiologist and intensivist who cares for children. Though many applications for ultrasound parallel adult modalities, children as always are not simply small adults and benefit from the application of ultrasound to their management in various ways. Body composition and size are important factors that affect ultrasound performance in the child, as are the pathologies that may uniquely afflict children and aspects of procedures unique to this patient population...
January 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348070/rational-approach-to-highly-potent-and-selective-apoptosis-signal-regulating-kinase-1-ask1-inhibitors
#2
Frank Lovering, Paul Morgan, Christophe Allais, Ann Aulabaugh, Joanne Brodfuehrer, Jeanne Chang, Jotham Coe, WeiDong Ding, Heather Dowty, Margaret Fleming, Richard Frisbie, Julia Guzova, David Hepworth, Jayasankar Jasti, Steve Kortum, Ravi Kurumbail, Shashi Mohan, Nikolaos Papaioannou, Joseph W Strohbach, Fabien Vincent, Katherine Lee, Christoph W Zapf
Many diseases are believed to be driven by pathological levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress has long been recognized as a driver for inflammatory disorders. Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) has been reported to be activated by intracellular ROS and its inhibition leads to a down regulation of p38-and JNK-dependent signaling. Consequently, ASK1 inhibitors may have the potential to treat clinically important inflammatory pathologies including renal, pulmonary and liver diseases...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343149/interventional-bronchoscopy-in-adults
#3
Diana H Yu, David Feller-Kopman
The field of interventional pulmonology (IP) is a rapidly maturing subspecialty of pulmonary medicine, which emphasizes advanced diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopy for the evaluation and management of central airway obstruction, mediastinal/hilar adenopathy and lung nodules/masses, as well as minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic pleural procedures. Areas covered: This review describes advances in diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopic techniques. Expert Commentary: In the past decade, there has been a remarkable growth in available technology and equipment, as well as clinical and translational research efforts focused on patient-centered outcomes...
January 18, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338973/asthma-copd-overlap-a-portuguese-survey
#4
E Padrão, D Araújo, A Todo Bom, C Robalo Cordeiro, J Correia de Sousa, J Cardoso, M Morais-Almeida, R Costa, F Pavão, R B Leite, A Marques
INTRODUCTION: The overlap between asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (ACO) has been discussed for many years but clinical recommendations for this entity have been diverse. This study is intended to reach a consensus on diagnosis, treatment and patient orientation for ACO, within the Portuguese medical community. METHODS: This study was conducted by a multidisciplinary panel of experts from three distinct medical specialties (Pulmonology, Family Medicine and Immunoallergology)...
January 12, 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335860/effectiveness-and-safety-of-chinese-medicine-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Qi Wu, Yao Zhou, Fan-Chao Feng, Xian-Mei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicine (CM) for Idiopathic pulmonary fifibrosis (IPF) patients. METHODS: To screened relevant articles, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Excerpta Medica Datase (EMBASE), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese VIP Information (VIP), Wanfang Database and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) were searched in English or Chinese until December 2015 for randomized controlled trials, which compared CM treatment (CM group) with Western medicine or placebo (control group) on IPF...
January 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332644/role-of-serum-adenosine-deaminase-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#6
Varinder Saini, Bhaskar Lokhande, Shivani Jaswal, Deepak Aggarwal, Kranti Garg, Jasbinder Kaur
BACKGROUND: Definitive laboratory diagnosis and confirmation of tuberculosis remains a major challenge because of lack of specificity and sensitivity of diagnostic methods especially in sputum smear negative tuberculosis. Many studies have proved the role of ADA in diagnosis of tuberculosis in effusion fluids and a decrease in ADA activity after treatment. This study was aimed to investigate the role of serum ADA level as an early diagnostic and prognostic marker for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332446/lung-cancer-complicated-with-asymptomatic-pulmonary-embolism-clinical-analysis-of-84-patients
#7
Guangsheng Li, Yuechuan Li, Shuping Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary embolism is potentially life-threatening in patients with lung cancer, but the clinical studies on patients with lung cancer having asymptomatic pulmonary embolism were barely reported. METHODS: Clinical data of patients with lung cancer were obtained from the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Tianjin Chest Hospital during July 2012 and June 2015 and were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 28 patients with lung cancer having pulmonary embolism (LP group) were enrolled, and another 56 cases with lung cancer alone (LC group) were enrolled as controls...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329993/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-four-patients-treated-by-leflunomide
#8
Valentin Coirier, Alain Lescoat, Céline Chabanne, Maxime Fournet, Guillaume Coiffier, Stéphane Jouneau, Elisabeth Polard, Patrick Jégo
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disorder that can be drug-induced, mostly following treatment by appetite-suppressant drugs. We report four cases of patients who developed PAH following a treatment by leflunomide for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis or undetermined connective tissue disease. All patients described a progressive dyspnea from grade II to IV of NYHA classification; clinical examination found signs of heart failure. PAH was finally diagnosed and confirmed by right heart catheterisation...
January 9, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324936/the-impact-of-lung-perfusion-scintigraphy-in-the-emergency-management-of-patients-with-suspected-pulmonary-embolism
#9
Cristina Ferrari, Alessandra Cimino, Giacomo Bianco, Francesca Iuele, Alessandra Di Palo, Margherita Fanelli, Artor Niccoli-Asabella, Giuseppe Rubini
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is an emergency condition that requires immediate treatment. As the symptoms and the risk factors are nonspecific, PE differential diagnosis is often required. Even if angio-CT is considered the gold standard for PE diagnosis, the frequent allergic condition and/or chronic renal failure of patients make, in most cases, not possible the use of contrast enhancement in emergency with even more increasing use of Lung Perfusion Scintigraphy (LPS), as a simple and fast examination with no preparation/contraindication...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322685/feasibility-safety-and-tolerance-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-for-obstructive-chronic-lung-allograft-dysfunction
#10
Cesar Ariel Keller, Thomas Arthur Gonwa, David Orel Hodge, Derek Joseph Hei, John Michael Centanni, Abba Chedi Zubair
Feasibility, tolerance, and safety of intravenous infusions of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in lung transplant recipients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) are not well established. MSCs were manufactured, cryopreserved, transported to our facility, thawed, and infused into nine recipients with moderate BOS (average drop in forced expiratory volume in 1 second was 56.8% ± 3.2% from post-transplant peak) who were refractory to standard therapy and not candidates for retransplant...
January 11, 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322217/-functional-diagnostics-in-pneumology
#11
REVIEW
M Held, S Baron, B Jany
Alongside imaging techniques, pulmonary function testing helps in the diagnosis of underlying disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or fibrosing lung disease. However, disease severity grading is also important, as well as disease follow-up under therapy. The value of spirometry as a first-line diagnostic test, whole-body plethysmography in advanced diagnostics, the measurement of transfer factor, as well as blood gas analysis are outlined. The importance of spiroergometry, echocardiography, and right-heart catheterization, particularly in the functional assessment of pulmonary vascular disorders, is described...
January 10, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321495/tanshinone-iia%C3%A2-sulfonate-protects-against-cigarette-smoke-induced-copd-and-down-regulation-of-cftr-in-mice
#12
Defu Li, Jian Wang, Dejun Sun, Xuefang Gong, Hua Jiang, Jiaze Shu, Ziyi Wang, Zhen Long, Yiguan Chen, Zili Zhang, Liang Yuan, Ruijuan Guan, Xue Liang, Ziying Li, Hongwei Yao, Nanshan Zhong, Wenju Lu
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease characterized by abnormal inflammation, persistent and progressive lung function decline. The anti-inflammatory actions of tanshinone IIA, which is the most important active component from Chinese herbal medicine Danshen, have been well studied. However, it remains unknown whether sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) protects against the development of COPD. Here we found that STS inhalation (5 mg/kg, 30 min per session, twice a day) significantly attenuated lung function decline, airspace enlargement, mucus production, bronchial collagen deposition, inflammatory responses and oxidative stress caused by cigarette smoke (CS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposures in mice...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318026/broncholithiasis-associated-with-lower-airway-inflammation-and-subsequent-pyothorax-in-a-cat
#13
Ferran Valls Sanchez, Jennifer Stewart, Catherine Bovens, Jordi Puig
Case summary: A 12-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat presented with history of a long-term chronic cough that had worsened during the previous 2 months. Thoracic radiographs revealed numerous mineral opacities throughout the lung fields. Multiple bronchial plugs of pale yellow material were present on bronchoscopy, consistent with broncholithiasis. Bronchoalveolar lavage cytology revealed a mild neutrophilic inflammation and bacterial culture was negative. The cat was diagnosed with chronic inflammatory lower airway disease and broncholithiasis, suspected to be due to mineralisation of secretions in the bronchial lumen...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313655/lung-cancer-management
#14
Timothy F Mott
Lung cancer management that is individualized for age, comorbidities, cancer type, cancer stage, and patient preference has long been a cornerstone of management. New to this realm of individualized management are the emerging biologic therapies, immunotherapies, and targeted therapies for non-small-cell lung cancer provided by advances in genetics and molecular medicine. These techniques have led to a new field of precision medicine based on the unique molecular characteristics of a specific patient and the specific cancer...
January 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313269/patient-specific-modeling-of-hemodynamics-supporting-surgical-planning-in-a-fontan-circulation-correction
#15
Theodorus M J van Bakel, Kevin D Lau, Jennifer Hirsch-Romano, Santi Trimarchi, Adam L Dorfman, C Alberto Figueroa
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a modeling technique that enables calculation of the behavior of fluid flows in complex geometries. In cardiovascular medicine, CFD methods are being used to calculate patient-specific hemodynamics for a variety of applications, such as disease research, noninvasive diagnostics, medical device evaluation, and surgical planning. This paper provides a concise overview of the methods to perform patient-specific computational analyses using clinical data, followed by a case study where CFD-supported surgical planning is presented in a patient with Fontan circulation complicated by unilateral pulmonary arteriovenous malformations...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312782/dr-ara-a-chrissian-the-key-components-to-a-successful-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-training-program
#16
Tina Chu Pei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312752/adult-echocardiographic-nomograms-overview-critical-review-and-creation-of-a-software-for-automatic-fast-and-easy-calculation-of-normal-values
#17
REVIEW
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Marco Paterni, Daniel Saura, Marco Scalese, Eliana Franchi, Nadia Assanta, Martin Koestenberg, Raluca Dulgheru, Tadafumi Sugimoto, Anne Bernard, Luis Caballero, Patrizio Lancellotti
There is a crescent interest on normal adult echocardiographic values and the introduction of new deformation imaging and 3D parameters pose the issue of normative data. A multitude of nomograms has been recently published, however data are often fragmentary, difficult to find, and their strengths/limitations have been never evaluated. AIMS: (I) to provide a review of current echocardiographic nomograms; (II) to generate a tool for easy and fast access to these data. A literature search was conducted accessing the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: 2D/3D echocardiography, strain, left/right ventricle, atrial, mitral/tricuspid valve, aorta, reference values/nomograms/normal values...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310357/risk-profile-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-venous-thromboembolism-attended-in-spanish-emergency-departments-the-espheria-registry
#18
Sonia Jimenez, Pedro Ruiz-Artacho, Marta Merlo, Coral Suero, Albert Antolin, José Ramón Casal, Marta Sanchez, Alejandra Ortega-Duarte, Mar Genis, Pascual Piñera
The objective of this study was to determine the clinical profile of and diagnostic and therapeutic approach to patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Spanish Emergency Departments (EDs). Risk factors, adherence to clinical practice guidelines, and outcomes were also evaluated.Patients with VTE diagnosed in 53 Spanish EDs were prospectively and consecutively included. Demographic data, comorbidities, risk factors for VTE, index event characteristics, hemorrhagic risk, and mortality were evaluated. Adherence to clinical practice guidelines was assessed based on clinical probability scales, requests for determination of D-dimer, use of anticoagulant treatment before confirmation of diagnosis, and assessment of bleeding and prognostic risk...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305104/heart-failure-with-mid-range-ejection-fraction-in-patients-admitted-to-internal-medicine-departments-findings-from-the-rica-registry
#19
María Esther Guisado-Espartero, Prado Salamanca-Bautista, Óscar Aramburu-Bodas, Alicia Conde-Martel, José Luis Arias-Jiménez, Pau Llàcer-Iborra, Melitón Francisco Dávila-Ramos, Yolanda Cabanes-Hernández, Luis Manzano, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero
AIM: To improve the knowledge on characteristics, treatment and prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF) and mid-range ejection fraction discharged after an acute HF episode. METHODS: We prospectively included and followed 2753 patients admitted with HF to Internal Medicine units. Patients were classified according to ejection fraction (EF) into three strata: reduced, EF <40% (HFrEF); mid-range EF 40-49% (HFmrEF); and preserved EF ≥50% (HFpEF). Clinical, echocardiographic, laboratory data and treatment at discharge were recorded and the groups were compared...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303706/fatigue-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Fabio Basta, Antonella Afeltra, Domenico Paolo Emanuele Margiotta
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review fatigue in systemic sclerosis (SSc) in terms of prevalence, features, correlates, predictors and management. METHODS: We performed a literature search in PubMed (Medline), EBSCO and COCHRANE databases up to June 2017 selecting articles regarding fatigue in SSc. The articles finally selected fulfilled the following eligibility criteria: written in English, referred to fatigue in SSc, reporting original data, including validated questionnaires measuring fatigue...
December 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
keyword
keyword
2330
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"