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Breast Cancer, Breast Reconstruction

Eva A Huis ʼt Veld, Chao Long, Gloria R Sue, Arhana Chattopadhyay, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients with breast cancer frequently opt to undergo breast reconstruction after mastectomy. The timing and aesthetic outcome of the breast reconstruction may be affected by the need for radiation therapy (RT). Delayed-immediate autologous reconstruction (DIAR) is a novel surgical approach for patients in whom the need for adjuvant RT after mastectomy is preoperatively unknown. AIM: We sought to evaluate the difference in clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, and cosmetic results between DIAR and patients who underwent delayed autologous reconstruction...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Enas Alaloul, MohammedRaed Elshami, Khamis Elessi, Israa Awad, Huda Abu Nemer, Esraa Khader, Heba Baraka, Alaa Alhelu
BACKGROUND: Women are usually given two options after a mastectomy. They can either wear a prosthesis or have a breast reconstruction. Unfortunately, many women in the Gaza Strip are unaware of these options. The aim of this study was to shed light on the awareness and sociocultural factors in women who underwent mastectomy before choosing between options. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited patients who underwent mastectomy in the Gaza Strip. All participants completed a face-to-face questionnaire between Aug 1, 2015, and April 30, 2016...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Vadim V Chumak, Sergiy V Klymenko, Horst Zitzelsberger, Christina Wilke, Lyudmila A Rybchenko, Elena V Bakhanova
The Chernobyl reactor accident in 1986 has caused significant exposure to ionizing radiation of the Ukrainian population, in particular clean-up workers and evacuees from the exclusion zones. A study aiming at the discovery of radiation markers of the breast cancer was conducted from 2008 to 2015 within a collaborative project by HZM, LMU, and NRCRM. In this study, post-Chernobyl breast cancer cases both in radiation-exposed female patients diagnosed at age less than 60 from 1992 to 2014 and in non-exposed controls matched for residency, tumor type, age at diagnosis, TNM classification as well as tumor grading were investigated for molecular changes with special emphasis to copy number alterations and miRNA profiles...
March 17, 2018: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Sriram Venigalla, David M Guttmann, Varsha Jain, Sonam Sharma, Gary M Freedman, Jacob E Shabason
BACKGROUND: The acceptance of hypofractionated radiotherapy in treating breast cancer in the breast conservation therapy setting has stimulated interest in hypofractionated postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). We assessed national trends and patterns of utilization of hypofractionated PMRT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women 18 years of age or older with breast cancer treated with mastectomy and PMRT to the chest wall with or without regional lymph nodes from 2004 to 2014 were identified from the National Cancer Database...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
Fernando A Angarita, Sergio A Acuna, Erin Cordeiro, Ahmad Elnahas, Subir Sutradhar, Timothy Jackson, Tulin D Cil
PURPOSE: Postoperative complication rates for elderly women undergoing breast cancer surgery have not been well studied. We describe the postoperative complication rates of elderly (≥ 70 years) women with breast cancer and compare them with young (40-69 years) women. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2004-2014). We included women with invasive breast cancer who underwent surgery. Outcomes were 30-day postoperative morbidity and mortality (complications), which were compared between young and elderly women...
March 15, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Bin Deng, Mats Lundqvist, Qianqian Fang, Stefan A Carp
Near-infrared diffuse optical tomography (NIR-DOT) is an emerging technology that offers hemoglobin based, functional imaging tumor biomarkers for breast cancer management. The most promising clinical translation opportunities are in the differential diagnosis of malignant vs. benign lesions, and in early response assessment and guidance for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Accurate quantification of the tissue oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration across the field of view, as well as repeatability during longitudinal imaging in the context of therapy guidance, are essential for the successful translation of NIR-DOT to clinical practice...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Aubrey Doede, Fabian Camacho, Christine Kennedy, Shayna L Showalter
Little is known about the role of low health literacy (LHL) among breast surgical oncology patients. We initiated a prospective health literacy assessment to determine the relationship between health literacy and surgical treatment. Among 512 patients, univariate analysis revealed no statistical significance in the relationship of health literacy to breast surgery type, contralateral prophylactic mastectomy, or reconstruction following mastectomy. In a multivariate analysis, women with LHL were less likely to undergo reconstruction (aOR 0...
March 14, 2018: Breast Journal
Kumar Parijat Tripathi, Marina Piccirillo, Mario Rosario Guarracino
BACKGROUND: The endomembrane system, known as secretory pathway, is responsible for the synthesis and transport of protein molecules in cells. Therefore, genes involved in the secretory pathway are essential for the cellular development and function. Recent scientific investigations show that ER and Golgi apparatus may provide a convenient drug target for cancer therapy. On the other hand, it is known that abundantly expressed genes in different cellular organelles share interconnected pathways and co-regulate each other activities...
March 8, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
Igor Motuzyuk, Oleg Sydorchuk, Natalia Kovtun, Zinaida Palian, Yevhenii Kostiuchenko
Background: The study aims to evaluate the current state and tendencies in multiple primary breast cancer incidence, behavior, and treatment in Ukraine. Methods: A total of 2032 patients who received special treatment at the Department of Breast Tumors and Reconstructive Surgery of the National Cancer Institute from 2008 to 2015 were included in the study. Among them, there were 195 patients with multiple primary malignant neoplasms: 54.9% patients with synchronous cancer and 45...
2018: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
Jae Bong Kim, Hyeon Jun Jeon, Jeong Woo Lee, Kang Young Choi, Ho Yun Chung, Byung Chae Cho, Shin-Hyung Park, Min Hee Park, Jae-Sung Bae, Jung Dug Yang
As the availability of breast reconstruction using implants is becoming widespread and many implant recipients undergo radiation therapy, there is an increasing interest in understanding the potential complications associated with capsule-tissue interactions in response to irradiation. Accordingly, our medical institution designed an animal experiment to investigate the effects of irradiation on capsular contracture. A total of 40 mice (C57BL6) were divided into four groups according to whether or not they received irradiation and the time from implantation to irradiation...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Peter Moortgat, Mieke Anthonissen, Eric Van den Kerckhove, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
PURPOSE: To investigate the concurrent, face and content validity of an evaluation tool for Myofascial Adhesions in Patients after Breast Cancer (MAP-BC evaluation tool). METHODS: 1) Concurrent validity of the MAP-BC evaluation tool was investigated by exploring correlations (Spearman's rank Correlation Coefficient) between the subjective scores (0 -no adhesions to 3 -very strong adhesions) of the skin level using the MAP-BC evaluation tool and objective elasticity parameters (maximal skin extension and gross elasticity) generated by the Cutometer Dual MPA 580...
2018: PloS One
Akiyo Yoshimura, Seiko Okumura, Masataka Sawaki, Masaya Hattori, Junko Ishiguro, Yayoi Adachi, Haruru Kotani, Naomi Gondo, Ayumi Kataoka, Madoka Iwase, Sakura Onishi, Kayoko Sugino, Mitsuo Terada, Nanae Horisawa, Makiko Mori, Nobue Takaiso, Ikuo Hyodo, Hiroji Iwata
BACKGROUND: Contralateral risk-reducing mastectomy (CRRM) for breast cancer patients with BRCA mutations has been reported to not only reduce breast cancer incidence but also to improve survival. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend providing CRRM to women with BRCA mutations who desire CRRM after risk-reduction counseling. However, in Japan, CRRM cannot be performed generally because it is not covered by health insurance. Thus, we conducted a feasibility study to confirm the safety of CRRM...
March 8, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Soo-Yeon Kim, Jaewook Shin, Dong-Hyun Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Jai Kyung You, Min Jung Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between conductivity and ADC in invasive ductal carcinoma according to the presence of necrosis on MRI. METHODS: Eighty-one women with invasive ductal carcinoma ≥1 cm on T2-weighted fast spin echo sequence of preoperative MRI were included. Phase-based MR electric properties tomography was used to reconstruct conductivity. Mean ADC was measured. Necrosis was defined as an area with very high T2 signal intensity. The relationship between conductivity and ADC was examined using Spearman's correlation coefficient (r)...
March 6, 2018: European Radiology
Adriana C Panayi, Riaz A Agha, Brady A Sieber, Dennis P Orgill
BACKGROUND:  Increased rates of both breast cancer and obesity have resulted in more obese women seeking breast reconstruction. Studies demonstrate that these women are at increased risk for perioperative complications. A systematic review was conducted to assess the outcomes in obese women who underwent breast reconstruction following mastectomy. METHODS:  Cochrane, PUBMED, and EMBASE electronic databases were screened and data were extracted from included studies...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Hannah Matthews, Andrew Turner, Iain Williamson, Wendy Clyne
OBJECTIVE: In the United Kingdom, the number of women undergoing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is increasing. Consequently, exploring patient-reported outcomes in breast surgery has become increasingly important. This study investigated satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. DESIGN: Qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 25 women (age, M = 53...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Oscar Ochoa, Vitali Azouz, Alfredo Santillan, Steven Pisano, Minas Chrysopoulo, Peter Ledoux, Gary Arishita, Norma Ketchum, Joel E Michalek, Chet Nastala
BACKGROUND: Accurate breast cancer staging is essential for optimal management of adjuvant therapies. While breast lymphatic drainage involves both axillary and internal mammary (IM) lymph node (LN) basins, IM LN sampling is not routinely advocated. The current study analyzes the incidence of IM LN metastases sampled during free flap breast reconstruction and subsequent changes in adjuvant treatment. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with positive IM LN biopsies during free flap breast reconstruction was performed...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Nicholas L Berlin, Vickram J Tandon, Ji Qi, Hyungjin M Kim, Jennifer B Hamill, Adeyiza O Momoh, Andrea L Pusic, Edwin G Wilkins
OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to investigate case-mix adjusted hospital variations in 2-year clinical and patient-reported outcomes following immediate breast reconstruction. BACKGROUND: Over the past few decades, variations in medical practice have been viewed as opportunities to promote best practices and high-value care. METHODS: The Mastectomy Reconstruction Outcomes Consortium Study is an National Cancer Institute-funded longitudinal, prospective cohort study assessing clinical and patient-reported outcomes of immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy at 11 leading medical centers...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Hung-Wen Lai, Shih-Lung Lin, Shou-Tung Chen, Ka-Man Kuok, Shu-Ling Chen, Ya-Ling Lin, Dar-Ren Chen, Shou-Jen Kuo
BACKGROUND: A new hybrid technique for single-axillary-incision endoscopic-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy (E-NSM) was introduced. Preliminary results are reported. METHODS: Patients who received single-axillary-incision E-NSM from August 2013 to August 2017 were searched from a single institution. Data were analyzed to determine the effectiveness and oncologic safety of single-axillary-incision E-NSM. Patient-oriented cosmetic outcome report was also obtained...
February 26, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Angie Zhang, Deniz Dayicioglu
BACKGROUND: The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap has gradually become the superior choice for autologous breast reconstruction because it reduces donor site morbidity, abdominal wall complications, and postoperative recovery time when compared with other flap types. METHODS: The purposes of this study are to report on the experience and clinical outcomes of consecutive DIEP flap breast reconstructions performed by a single surgeon at a cancer center between April 2011 and May 2016 and to characterize the trends among these flaps...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Yoshiko Toyoda, Karel-Bart Celie, Jonathan T Xu, Justin S Buro, Julia Jin, Alexandra J Lin, Kristy A Brown, Jason A Spector
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a known risk factor for the development and prognosis of breast cancer. Adipocytes have been identified as a source of exogenous lipids in other cancer types and may similarly provide energy to fuel malignant survival and growth in breast cancer. This relationship is of particular relevance to plastic surgery, because many reconstructions after oncologic mastectomy achieve optimal aesthetics and durability using adjunctive autologous fat transfer (AFT). Despite the increasing ubiquity and promise of AFT, many unanswered questions remain, including safety in the setting of breast cancer...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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