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Breast Cancer, Breast Reconstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323571/lymphatic-drainage-to-the-paravertebral-lymph-nodes-in-breast-cancer-patients
#1
Mirela Mariana Roman, Romain Barbieux, Olivier Leduc, Pierre Bourgeois
INTRODUCTION: Aberrant, altered, or blocked lymphatic drainage may contribute to the high recurrence rate of breast cancer. Thus, an efficient evaluation of lymphatic drainage from the breasts and/or upper limbs is essential in the management of lymphedema and in ipsilateral primary or contralateral recurrent breast cancer patients. There are very few reports of lymphatic drainage to the paravertebral lymph nodes in patients with a lymphedema after breast cancer surgery with or without reconstruction...
March 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316306/evolving-trends-and-influencing-factors-in-mastectomy-decisions
#2
Sneha Bhat, Amila Orucevic, Caroline Woody, Robert E Heidel, John L Bell
It is known that survival is unaffected by the choice of surgical management for breast cancer (BC) patients. Despite this fact, recent literature reveals that the number of bilateral mastectomies (BMs) in the United States is increasing. In an effort to elucidate potential factors influencing this trend, we investigated socioeconomic and clinicopathologic characteristics of our patient cohort that could have affected a patient's decision between unilateral mastectomy (UM) versus BM. Five-hundred-eight patients with unilateral BC who underwent mastectomy between 2000 and 2009 were analyzed: 397-UM; 111-BM...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306714/reconstruction-and-signal-propagation-analysis-of-the-syk-signaling-network-in-breast-cancer-cells
#3
Aurélien Naldi, Romain M Larive, Urszula Czerwinska, Serge Urbach, Philippe Montcourrier, Christian Roy, Jérôme Solassol, Gilles Freiss, Peter J Coopman, Ovidiu Radulescu
The ability to build in-depth cell signaling networks from vast experimental data is a key objective of computational biology. The spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) protein, a well-characterized key player in immune cell signaling, was surprisingly first shown by our group to exhibit an onco-suppressive function in mammary epithelial cells and corroborated by many other studies, but the molecular mechanisms of this function remain largely unsolved. Based on existing proteomic data, we report here the generation of an interaction-based network of signaling pathways controlled by Syk in breast cancer cells...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306620/diagnostic-performance-of-a-novel-dedicated-breast-pet-scanner-with-c-shaped-ring-detectors
#4
Ryusuke Nakamoto, Yuji Nakamoto, Takayoshi Ishimori, Kayo Nishimatsu, Kanae K Miyake, Shotaro Kanao, Mami Iima, Masakazu Toi, Kaori Togashi
BACKGROUND: A dedicated breast PET scanner with C-shaped detectors (C scanner) has been newly developed. The purpose of this study was to re-evaluate the diagnostic performance of high-resolution PET images with the new reconstruction conditions, obtained using this C scanner in breast cancer patients, and to compare the standardized uptake values (SUVs) of lesions obtained from the C scanner with those from whole-body PET/computed tomography (CT) (WB PET/CT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 159 female patients with known or suspected breast carcinomas (total 188 lesions: 172 invasive carcinomas; eight noninvasive ductal carcinomas in situ; eight benign lesions) were analysed...
March 16, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296716/dermal-autograft-using-donor-breast-as-alternative-to-acellular-dermal-matrices-in-tissue-expander-breast-reconstruction-a-comparative-review
#5
William Darden North, Christopher S Kubajak, Brad St Martin, Brian Rinker
BACKGROUND: Shifting preference for implant-based breast reconstruction has resulted in an increased use of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) in tissue-expander breast reconstruction. The benefits afforded by ADM must be weighed against a potential increased risk for postoperative complications. Dermal autograft-assisted breast reconstruction using autograft harvest from the lower abdomen has been shown to result in equivalent aesthetics and patient satisfaction compared with ADM at a lower cost, with fewer complications...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293332/systemic-therapy-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-what-the-plastic-surgeon-should-know
#6
Chad M Teven, Daniel B Schmid, Mark Sisco, James Ward, Michael A Howard
Objective: We review the types, indications, and common regimens of systemic forms of therapy offered in early-stage breast cancer. We further detail the mechanism of action, approved uses, major toxicities, and relevance to breast reconstruction of specific agents. Methods: A review of the literature on PubMed and Cochrane databases was undertaken to define the indications and common regimens of systemic therapy in early-stage breast cancer. In addition, literature describing relevant information regarding specific systemic agents was reviewed...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292493/patient-preferences-for-minimally-invasive-and-open-locoregional-treatment-for-early-stage-breast-cancer
#7
Floortje M Knuttel, Maurice A A J van den Bosch, Danny A Young-Afat, Marleen J Emaus, Desirée H J G van den Bongard, Arjen J Witkamp, Helena M Verkooijen
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive or minimally invasive treatments are being developed as alternatives to surgery for patients with early-stage breast cancer. Patients' preferences with regard to these new treatments have not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: To assess preferences of patients with breast cancer and of healthy women regarding these new techniques, compared with conventional surgical treatments. METHODS: Six hypothetical breast cancer treatment-outcome scenarios were developed: three standard surgical scenarios (mastectomy, mastectomy with immediate implant-based reconstruction, and breast-conserving therapy [BCT]) and three minimally invasive or noninvasive scenarios (radiofrequency ablation, magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation, and single-dose ablative radiotherapy)...
March 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291934/electromagnetic-tracking-emt-technology-for-improved-treatment-quality-assurance-in-interstitial-brachytherapy
#8
Markus Kellermeier, Jens Herbolzheimer, Stephan Kreppner, Michael Lotter, Vratislav Strnad, Christoph Bert
Electromagnetic Tracking (EMT) is a novel technique for error detection and quality assurance (QA) in interstitial high dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-iBT). The purpose of this study is to provide a concept for data acquisition developed as part of a clinical evaluation study on the use of EMT during interstitial treatment of breast cancer patients. The stability, accuracy, and precision of EMT-determined dwell positions were quantified. Dwell position reconstruction based on EMT was investigated on CT table, HDR table and PDR bed to examine the influence on precision and accuracy in a typical clinical workflow...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280676/the-telemark-breast-score-a-valid-method-for-evaluation-of-outcome-after-breast-surgery
#9
Anadi Begic, Birgit Stark
BACKGROUND: "Telemark Breast Score" (TBS) has been developed at Telemark Hospital in Norway for evaluation of results after breast surgery based on standardized patients' photographs taken as a part of daily routine. Its reliability has recently been tested and approved. The external validity of the TBS was assessed by matching its data against the internationally recognized Breast-Q (BQ) questionnaire as a further step to study the validity of this new tool. METHODS: The ideal distribution of breast volume is 45% of the total volume above and 55% below the nipple, and a 40° slope line at the upper pole...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279888/validation-of-the-electronic-version-of-the-breast-q-in-the-army-of-women-study
#10
Sarah Fuzesi, Stefan J Cano, Anne F Klassen, Dunya Atisha, Andrea L Pusic
Women undergoing surgery for primary breast cancer can choose between breast conserving therapy and mastectomy (with or without breast reconstruction). Patients often turn to outcomes data to help guide the decision-making process. The BREAST-Q is a validated breast surgery-specific patient-reported outcome measure that evaluates satisfaction, quality of life, and patient experience. It was originally developed for paper-and-pencil administration. However, the BREAST-Q has increasingly been administered electronically...
March 6, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275427/resection-and-reconstruction-following-recurrent-malignant-phyllodes-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Aashish Rajesh, Mohammed Farooq
INTRODUCTION: Phyllodes tumors are uncommon biphasic fibroepithelial neoplasms of the breast of varying malignant potential occurring in middle aged women. They exhibit diverse biological behavior. Margin free excision is the mainstay of treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27 year-old lady was referred with a painless ulceroproliferative right breast lesion which had rapidly progressed over six months. Three years back, she had been diagnosed with a borderline phyllodes tumor and underwent a wide local excision followed by a right mastectomy for recurrence...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274406/assessing-long-term-complications-in-patients-undergoing-immediate-postmastectomy-breast-reconstruction-and-adjuvant-radiation
#12
Ryan Sacotte, Niel Fine, John Y Kim, Mohammed Alghoul, Kevin Bethke, Nora Hansen, Seema A Khan, Swati Kulkarni, Jonathan Strauss, John P Hayes, Eric D Donnelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to report the long-term rate and timing of complications associated with postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) following immediate breast reconstruction in a large patient population. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We identified and reviewed the charts of all patients with stages I through IIIC breast cancer who underwent mastectomy with immediate reconstruction followed by subsequent radiation therapy between November 1997 and May 2010...
March 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272124/diabetic-mastopathy-a-systematic-review-of-surgical-management-of-a-rare-breast-disease
#13
Nneamaka Barbara Agochukwu, Lesley Wong
Diabetic mastopathy is a benign condition of the breast that typically manifests in patients with diabetes mellitus. Lymphocytic mastopathy is the term used to describe this condition in patients without diabetes mellitus. Most patients undergo excisional biopsy, but the use of mastectomy, even in cases of diffuse, bilateral disease, is rarely reported. We present a 32-year-old female patient with type 1 diabetes and bilateral diabetic mastopathy. Because of pain, and concern for limitations in future cancer detection, she underwent bilateral nipple-sparing mastectomies with immediate direct-to-implant reconstruction...
April 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268056/the-role-of-thoracodorsal-artery-perforator-flap-in-oncoplastic-breast-surgery
#14
Ayman A Amin, Mohamed Rifaat, Ahmed Farahat, Tarek Hashem
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Thoracodorsal artery perforator flap (TDAP) is one of the relatively new techniques in breast reconstruction. In this study, we try to evaluate the outcome of this flap in oncoplastic procedures. METHODS: This study included 40 patients of stage II breast cancer who underwent partial mastectomy with skin excision at the National Cancer Institute of Cairo University between 2011 and 2014. The resultant defects were immediately reconstructed using the thoracodorsal artery perforator flap...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260139/the-impact-of-mastectomy-type-on-the-female-sexual-function-index-fsfi-satisfaction-with-appearance-and-the-reconstructed-breast-s-role-in-intimacy
#15
K Rojas, M Onstad, C Raker, M A Clark, A Stuckey, J Gass
BACKGROUND: As mastectomy rates increase and overall survival for early breast cancer improves, a better understanding of the long-term consequences of mastectomy is needed. We sought to explore the correlation of specific mastectomy type with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), body image satisfaction, and the reconstructed breast's role in intimacy. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey including a retrospective chart review...
March 4, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255833/optimal-sequencing-of-postmastectomy-radiotherapy-and-two-stages-of-prosthetic-reconstruction-a-meta-analysis
#16
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Despite an expanding role of adjuvant radiotherapy and the popularity of two-stage prosthesis-based reconstruction in the treatment of breast cancer, there is no consensus on the proper timing of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) in relation to the two stages of the reconstruction procedure. The present meta-analysis investigated the optimum timing of PMRT by comparing the outcomes of the following two sequences: radiation on tissue expander followed by the exchange, and radiation on the permanent implant after the exchange...
March 2, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255154/immediate-simultaneous-bilateral-breast-reconstruction-with-deep-inferior-epigastric-diep-free-flap-and-transverse-rectus-abdominis-musculocutaneous-tram-pedicled-flap
#17
E J Roslan, E G Kelly, M A Zain, N H Basiron, F H Imran
Breast reconstructive surgery has evolved tremendously since its inception. Following tumour clearance surgery, physical restoration with breast reconstruction is an important aspect of physical and emotional rehabilitation. Various methods have been described to suit patients demand for the best aesthetic outcome. Surgeon's preference, experience and practicality of differing procedures must be considered. We describe a simultaneous bilateral breast reconstruction with free deep inferior epigastric (DIEP) flap and pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap immediately post mastectomies for bilateral breast cancers...
February 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250439/a-retrospective-study-of-lymphatic-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flaps-for-breast-cancer-treatment-induced-upper-limb-lymphoedema
#18
Zhuangqing Yang, Sheng Huang, Jiankui Wang, Yan Xi, Xiaojuan Yang, Qi Tang, Juan Du, Jianyun Nie, Tianning Zou, Shaoqing Zhou, Xueliang Tang, Dedian Chen
Breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL) is a common and intractable complication. To evaluate the possible complications of using lymphatic transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous/deep inferior epigastric perforator (TRAM/DIEP) flaps for breast reconstruction and BCRL treatment, 20 patients with moderate or severe BCRL were retrospectively enrolled between November 2012 and October 2014. 10 patients had undergone lymphatic TRAM/DIEP flap surgery were assigned to the surgery group. 10 patients unwilling to undergo reconstruction were assigned to the physiotherapy group treated with traditional physical therapy...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238934/mastectomy-and-immediate-breast-reconstruction-for-cancer-in-the-elderly-a-national-cancer-data-base-study
#19
Waleed O Gibreel, Courtney N Day, Tanya L Hoskin, Judy C Boughey, Elizabeth B Habermann, Tina J Hieken
BACKGROUND: Mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction (M+IBR) is performed increasingly for breast cancer treatment, but whether this trend extends to the growing number of women diagnosed ≥age 65 is unknown. We studied the effects of age and comorbidities on the use and outcomes of M+IBR. STUDY DESIGN: Patients undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer were ascertained from the National Cancer Database 2004-2012. Performance of M+IBR and outcomes were compared by age group (<65 versus ≥65) and other patient and tumor factors...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229358/postmastectomy-radiation-therapy-and-breast-reconstruction-with-autologous-tissue
#20
Yasunobu Terao, Koichiro Taniguchi, Miwako Fujii, So Moriyama
Immediate breast reconstruction is an important tool for patients to accept and overcome their breast cancer, as well as for cosmetic reasons. However, its use in patients who require postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is not yet clear. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of PMRT and reconstruction on each other. The time of initiation of PMRT, the prognosis, and the cosmetic results were investigated in patients who underwent immediate reconstruction using autologous tissue. In the case of delayed reconstruction using autologous tissue after PMRT, radiation damage of the chest skin, design of the flap, and cosmetic results were investigated...
February 22, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
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