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ETCO2 , fluid responsiveness

Wilfried Klingert, Jörg Peter, Christian Thiel, Karolin Thiel, Wolfgang Rosenstiel, Kathrin Klingert, Christian Grasshoff, Alfred Königsrainer, Martin Schenk
BACKGROUND: Automated systems are available in various application areas all over the world for the purpose of reducing workload and increasing safety. However, such support systems that would aid caregivers are still lacking in the medical sector. With respect to workload and safety, especially, the intensive care unit appears to be an important and challenging application field. Whereas many closed-loop subsystems for single applications already exist, no comprehensive system covering multiple therapeutic aspects and interactions is available yet...
January 16, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Francis Toupin, Ariane Clairoux, Alain Deschamps, Jean-Sébastien Lebon, Yoan Lamarche, Jean Lambert, Annik Fortier, André Y Denault
BACKGROUND: Assessing fluid responsiveness is important in the management of patients with hemodynamic instability. Passive leg raising (PLR) is a validated dynamic method to induce a transient increase in cardiac preload and predict fluid responsiveness. Variations in end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) obtained by capnography correlate closely with variations in cardiac output when alveolar ventilation and carbon dioxide production are kept constant. In this prospective observational study, we tested the hypothesis that variations in ETCO2 induced by a simplified PLR maneuver can track changes in the cardiac index (CI) and thus predict fluid responsiveness...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Matthias Jacquet-Lagrèze, Florent Baudin, Jean Stéphane David, Jean-Luc Fellahi, Patrick B Hu, Marc Lilot, Vincent Piriou
BACKGROUND: EtCO2 variation has been advocated replacing cardiac output measurements to evaluate fluid responsiveness (FR) during sepsis. The ability of EtCO2 variation after a fluid challenge to detect FR in the context of general anaesthesia has not been investigated. Forty patients were prospectively studied. They underwent general anaesthesia for major surgeries. CO was measured by transoesophageal Doppler, and EtCO2 was recorded as well as other haemodynamic parameters [heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP)] at baseline, after 100-ml fluid load over 1 min, and at the end of the 500-ml fluid load...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Wang Xiao-ting, Zhao Hua, Liu Da-wei, Zhang Hong-min, He Huai-wu, Long Yun, Chai Wen-zhao
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to explore the value of end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) in replacing cardiac index for evaluating fluid responsiveness during the passive leg raising (PLR) test and mini-fluid challenge (mini-FC). METHODS: Patients experiencing septic shock and who were on mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit were divided into responder and nonresponder groups according to whether their cardiac index increased by more than 10% after the FC...
October 2015: Journal of Critical Care
Wesam Farid Mousa
BACKGROUND: The pleth variability index (PVI), which is calculated from respiratory variations in the perfusion index (PI), has been shown to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients; however, vasomotor tone changes induced by hypercapnia can affect PI and hence may slim down the accuracy of PVI. This study was designed to find out the impact of mild hypercapnia on PVI. METHODS: A total of 30 patients were randomized after induction of general anesthesia with target controlled infusion propofol and remifentanil to either hypercapnia, (etCO2 =45 mmHg), (group 1, 15 patients) or normocapnia (etCO2 =35 mmHg) (group 2, 15 patients)...
July 2013: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Morena B Wernick, Hanspeter W Steinmetz, Olga Martin-Jurado, Judith Howard, Barbara Vogler, Rainer Vogt, Daryl Codron, Jean-Michel Hatt
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of 3 different fluid types for resuscitation after experimentally induced hemorrhagic shock in anesthetized chickens and to evaluate partial pressures of carbon dioxide measured in arterial blood (Paco2), with a transcutaneous monitor (TcPco2), with a gastric intraluminal monitor (GiPco2), and by end tidal measurements (Etco2) under stable conditions and after induced hemorrhagic shock. Hemorrhagic shock was induced in 40 white leghorn chickens by removing 50% of blood volume by phlebotomy under general anesthesia...
June 2013: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
A G Pamuk, I Saatci, H S Cekirge, U Aypar
Onyx injection is a new technique for embolization of cerebral aneurysms that is involved in a controversy about the 'toxicity' of its solvent, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). We retrospectively studied 38 patients treated for aneurysms with the liquid polymer, Onyx. Induction was with propofol, fentanyl and vecuronium, and anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in O2 and N2O. The patients were given 500 ml of fluid after induction, and bradycardia was prevented in order to keep patients hyperdynamic. Electrocardiography (ECG), non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP), pulse oximetry, core temperatures, invasive blood pressure (BP), etCO2, and urine output were monitored throughout the intervention...
May 2005: Neuroradiology
M Harigae, Y Hirose, M Gamo, M Hirose, C Fujiwara, K Matsuo
We applied a continuous intra-arterial blood gas monitoring system (Paratrend 7) to a patient with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis during pulmonary lavage. Lavage was performed under general anesthesia with one lung ventilation. We inserted the sensor of Patatrend 7 through a 20 G catheter into the radial artery, and monitored pH, PaCO2 and PaO2 continuously throughout the procedure. SpO2 and EtCO2 were also monitored. Saline 1000-1500 ml was instilled and drained repeatedly by volume limited methods. PaO2 values by Paratrend 7 increased during instillation and decreased during drainage of the irrigating fluid...
March 1999: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
C Hörmann, I Mohsenipour, M Gottardis, A Benzer
The effect of a 10-min period of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) of 12 cm H2O on lumbar cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), central venous pressure (CVP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) was studied in eight volunteers. CSFP increased (7 +/- 4 control vs 11 +/- 4 mm Hg; P < 0.001; mean +/- SD) and CVP increased (2 +/- 2 control vs 5 +/- 3 mm Hg; P < 0.001; mean +/- SD) when CPAP of 12 cm H2O was applied...
January 1994: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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