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Dietary patterns

Romualdas Malinauskas, Vilija Malinauskiene, Mindaugas Malinauskas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between lifetime traumatic experiences and leisure physical inactivity among adolescent boys and to determine to what extent those associations are mediated by posttraumatic stress symptoms, unhealthy behaviors (smoking, alcohol use), the daily consumption of fresh fruit, and sense of coherence. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire combining 3 instruments measured leisure physical activity level (Godin and Shephard), symptoms of posttraumatic stress (IES-revised), lifetime traumatic experiences, sense of coherence (SOC-13, from Antonovsky), and behavioral and dietary patterns in a representative sample of eighth grade boys from a number of Kaunas, Lithuania, secondary schools (N = 885; response rate 88...
March 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Mary-Jon Ludy, Abigail P Crum, Carmen A Young, Amy L Morgan, Robin M Tucker
Studies demonstrate that first-year university students are at high risk for weight gain. These reports typically rely on self-selected participants. The purpose of this study was to explore if students who chose to participate in a health-based research study had more desirable health measures and behaviors than students who completed health assessments as part of a first-year seminar course. Health measures included blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), and percent body fat. Health behaviors included dietary patterns (Starting the Conversation questionnaire) and alcohol use (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption)...
March 16, 2018: Nutrients
Cécile Vors, Charles Couillard, Marie-Eve Paradis, Iris Gigleux, Johanne Marin, Marie-Claude Vohl, Patrick Couture, Benoît Lamarche
Background: High-fat meals induce postprandial inflammation. Resveratrol is a polyphenol known to prevent comorbidities associated with cardiovascular disease and exerts an anti-inflammatory action. There is also an increasing body of evidence supporting the role of curcumin, a polyphenol from the curcuminoid family, as a modulator of proinflammatory processes. Objective: The objectives of this study were to investigate the following: 1) the bioavailability of resveratrol consumed in combination with curcumin after consumption of a high-fat meal; and 2) the acute combined effects of this combination on the postprandial inflammatory response of subjects with abdominal obesity...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Suhong Xiao, Ying-Sheng Tang, Praveen Kusumanchi, Sally P Stabler, Ying Zhang, Asok C Antony
Background: Epidemiologic and in vitro studies suggest independent linkages between poor folate and/or vitamin B-12 nutrition, genomic human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 viral integration, and cancer. However, there is no direct evidence in vivo to support the causative role of poor folate nutrition in HPV16 integration into the cellular genome. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that folate deficiency enables the integration of HPV16 into the genome of HPV16-harboring keratinocytes, and could thereby influence earlier transformation of these cells to cancer in an animal model...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Anna Timperio, David Crawford, Rebecca M Leech, Karen E Lamb, Kylie Ball
This study examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between typologies of neighbourhood food environment and dietary patterns among 10-12 year-old children. Baseline data were collected in 2002/3 and follow-up data in 2006 from children in Melbourne or Geelong. Parents completed a food frequency questionnaire at both time points. 'Healthful' and 'energy-dense' dietary pattern scores were computed. A Geographic Information System was used to determine the presence or absence of food outlets (cafés/restaurant; fast food; supermarkets/grocery stores; convenience store; greengrocer; and butcher, seafood or poultry retailer) within an 800 m road network buffer of home...
March 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Mai Ishimiya, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Yutaka Kobayashi, Moeko Noguchi-Shinohara, Chiemi Abe, Chiaki Dohmoto, Yoshihisa Ikeda, Kahori Tokuno, Kazuhiro Ooi, Masami Yokokawa, Kazuo Iwasa, Kiyonobu Komai, Shuichi Kawashiri, Masahito Yamada
Although several studies have demonstrated a potential correlation of dietary patterns with cognitive function, the relationship between tooth loss and dietary patterns and cognitive function have not been identified. In this cross-sectional study, we used a reduced rank regression (RRR) analysis, a technique used previously to observe dietary patterns based on the intakes of nutrients or levels of biomarkers associated with the condition of interest, to identify tooth loss-related dietary patterns and investigate the associations of such patterns with cognitive impairment in 334 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥ 60 years...
2018: PloS One
Noelia Urquiza-Salvat, Manrique Pascual-Geler, Olga Lopez-Guarnido, Lourdes Rodrigo, Alba Martinez-Burgos, Jose Manuel Cozar, Francisco Manuel Ocaña-Peinado, Maria Jesus Álvarez-Cubero, Ana Rivas
In Europe, countries following the traditional Mediterranean Diet (MeDi), particularly Southern European countries, have lower prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality compared to other European regions. In the present study, we investigated the association between the MeDi and the relative risk of PCa and tumor aggressiveness in a Spanish population. Among individual score components, it has been found that subjects with PCa were less likely to consume olive oil as the main culinary fat, vegetables, fruits and fish than those without...
March 15, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Purabi Sarkar, Ananya Bhowmick, Sofia Banu
Enhanced oxidative stress plays an important role in the progression and onset of diabetes and its complications. Strategies or efforts meant to reduce the oxidative stress are needed which may mitigate these pathogenic processes. The present study aims to investigate the in vitro ameliorative potential of nine antioxidant molecules in L6 myotubes under oxidative stress condition induced by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and also to comprehend the gene expression patterns of oxidative stress genes upon the supplementation of different antioxidants in induced stress condition...
March 14, 2018: Cytotechnology
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Josiemer Mattei
The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been recommended to the general population by many scientific organizations as a healthy dietary pattern, based on strong evidence of association with improved cardiometabolic health, including lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. However, most studies have been conducted in Mediterranean or European countries or among white populations in the United States (US), while few exist for non-Mediterranean countries or racial/ethnic minority populations in the US...
March 14, 2018: Nutrients
Fatemeh Zaribaf, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Parvane Saneei, Awat Feizi, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The associations between empirically derived dietary habits and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have not been investigated. This study aimed to assess the relationship between empirically derived dietary habits and IBS in a large population of Iranian adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, dietary habits of 4763 adults were assessed in three domains, "meal pattern", "eating rate" and "intra-meal fluid intake"...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shuangqin Yan, Hui Cao, Chunli Gu, Lingling Ni, Huihui Tao, Ting Shao, Yeqing Xu, Fangbiao Tao
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify the major dietary patterns among preschoolers and assess the relation of major dietary patterns to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted comprising a large sample of 14,912 children aged 3-6 years old in Ma'anshan city of Anhui Province in China. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and the 10-item Chinese version of the Conners' abbreviated symptom questionnaire were administered to assess usual dietary intakes and ADHD...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sydney Heiss, James F Boswell, Julia M Hormes
OBJECTIVE: The Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is a valid and reliable measure of eating-related pathology, but its factor structure has proven difficult to replicate. Given differences in dietary patterns in vegans compared to omnivores, proper measurement of eating disorder symptoms is especially important in studies of animal product avoiders. METHOD: This study compared goodness-of-fit of five alternative models of the EDE-Q in vegans (i.e...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Chou-Yueh Chang, Horng-Rong Chang, Hsing-Chun Lin, Han-Hsin Chang
Objective Vegetarian diets have been shown to increase the risk of certain nutritional deficiencies, such as iron. As a number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Taiwan are lacto-ovo vegetarians, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different proportions and sources of protein in lacto-ovo vegetarian and omnivorous diets, as well as the influence of adequate dietary protein intake, on renal function and nutritional status of Taiwanese patients with stage 3 to stage 5 CKD. Methods This is a cross-sectional study...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Caoileann H Murphy, Mahalakshmi Shankaran, Tyler A Churchward-Venne, Cameron J Mitchell, Nathan M Kolar, Louise M Burke, John A Hawley, Amira Kassis, Leonidas G Karagounis, Kelvin Li, Chelsea King, Marc Hellerstein, Stuart M Phillips
We determined how the pattern of protein intake and resistance training (RT) influenced longer-term (2-wk) integrated myofibrillar protein synthesis (MyoPS) during energy restriction (ER). MyoPS and proteome kinetics were measured during 2-wk of ER alone and 2-wk of ER plus RT (ER + RT) in overweight/obese older men. Participants were randomized to consume dietary protein in a balanced (BAL: 25% daily protein/meal x 4 meals) or skewed (SKEW: 7:17:72:4% daily protein/meal) pattern (n = 10/group). Participants ingested D2 O during the consecutive 2-wk periods, and skeletal muscle biopsies and serum were obtained at the beginning and conclusion of ER and ER + RT...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Seunghyeon Kim, Michael F Fenech, Pan-Jun Kim
Diet design for vegetarian health is challenging due to the limited food repertoire of vegetarians. This challenge can be partially overcome by quantitative, data-driven approaches that utilise massive nutritional information collected for many different foods. Based on large-scale data of foods' nutrient compositions, the recent concept of nutritional fitness helps quantify a nutrient balance within each food with regard to satisfying daily nutritional requirements. Nutritional fitness offers prioritisation of recommended foods using the foods' occurrence in nutritionally adequate food combinations...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tiffany Yang, Nu-Chu Liang
Physical inactivity and increased consumption of energy dense, high fat (HF) foods often leads to a state of positive energy balance. Regular exercise can facilitate the maintenance of a healthy body weight and mediate changes in dietary selection. Past studies using a two-diet choice (chow vs. HF) and voluntary wheel running paradigm found that when a novel HF diet and wheel running are simultaneously introduced, male rats show complete and persistent HF diet avoidance whereas the majority of females show HF diet avoidance for a few days, but then revert to HF diet preference...
March 9, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
David R Merkle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Carolina Schwedhelm, Khalid Iqbal, Sven Knüppel, Lukas Schwingshackl, Heiner Boeing
Background: Principal component analysis (PCA) is a widely used exploratory method in epidemiology to derive dietary patterns from habitual diet. Such dietary patterns seem to originate from intakes on multiple days and eating occasions. Therefore, analyzing food intake of study populations with different levels of food consumption can provide additional insights as to how habitual dietary patterns are formed. Objective: We analyzed the food intake data of German adults in terms of the relations among food groups from three 24-h dietary recalls (24hDRs) on the habitual, single-day, and main-meal levels, and investigated the contribution of each level to the formation of PCA-derived habitual dietary patterns...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Adelais Athanasatou, Aikaterini Kandyliari, Olga Malisova, Alex Pepa, Maria Kapsokefalou
Objective: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate sodium and potassium intake, employing 24 h and spot urine samples and food diaries for seven consecutive days. Methods: For seven consecutive days subjects recorded their food and drink intakes, and recorded and collected all urinations. Food sodium and potassium intake were analyzed in 24- and 6-h intervals from wake-up time. Urine indices were analyzed in first morning, 24- and 6-h intervals samples over the day from wake-up time...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
Mengjuan Shi, Cunli Zhang, Ivan Fan Xia, Siu To Cheung, Kwong Sen Wong, Ka-Hing Wong, Doris W T Au, David E Hinton, Kevin W H Kwok
Selenium (Se) is an essential element and its biological activity is related to its speciation. It is also well-known that in excess it can cause teratogenesis in fish and birds. In this study we compared dietary toxicity of elemental selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with selenite and selenomethionine (Se-Met). Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) was used as a laboratory model to determine Se effects on adults and their offspring. Adult females were individually exposed using a dry diet fortified with 0, 10 or 20 µg/g of the three Se species for 7 days and then allowed to breed for 3 days...
March 8, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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