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Homonymous hemianopia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028819/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-effectiveness-of-prism-glasses-visual-search-training-and-standard-care-in-hemianopia
#1
F J Rowe, E J Conroy, E Bedson, E Cwiklinski, A Drummond, M García-Fiñana, C Howard, A Pollock, T Shipman, C Dodridge, C MacIntosh, S Johnson, C Noonan, G Barton, C Sackley
OBJECTIVE: Pilot trial to compare prism therapy and visual search training, for homonymous hemianopia, to standard care (information only). METHODS: Prospective, multicentre, parallel, single-blind, three-arm RCT across fifteen UK acute stroke units. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke survivors with homonymous hemianopia. INTERVENTIONS: Arm a (Fresnel prisms) for minimum 2 hours, 5 days per week over 6 weeks. Arm b (visual search training) for minimum 30 minutes, 5 days per week over 6 weeks...
December 27, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009776/bilateral-occipital-pole-hypertensive-stroke-diagnosed-with-macular-integrity-assessment-maia-microperimetry
#2
Sundeep K Kasi, Abtin Shahlaee, Murtaza K Adam, David S Ehmann, Arunan Sivalingam
PURPOSE: To describe the utility of microperimetry testing in the diagnosis of a bilateral occipital stroke. METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 57-year-old male with hypertension presented with complaints of bilateral blurred central vision and bilateral hypertensive retinopathy with cotton-wool spots. Automated perimetry demonstrated a central scotoma in both eyes that did not respect the vertical midline; however, microperimetry testing revealed a bilateral homonymous hemianopia that suggested cerebrovascular disease which was subsequently confirmed with magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993821/sturge-weber-syndrome-type-3-manifesting-as-status-migrainosus
#3
Philip Richard Jordan, Mehtab Iqbal, Manish Prasad
Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome characterised by facial naevus and leptomeningeal angiomatosis resulting in neurological and ophthalmological complications. In its rare variant, SWS type 3, the clinical hallmark of facial naevus is absent which poses a diagnostic challenge. Here, we present an interesting case of SWS type 3 where a child presented twice with prolonged severe unilateral headache mimicking migraine status followed on both occasions with focal seizures. He developed a dense right-sided homonymous hemianopia, and an urgent brain MRI scan was performed which pointed towards the diagnosis of SWS type 3...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935973/the-effects-of-compensatory-scanning-training-on-mobility-in-patients-with-homonymous-visual-field-defects-further-support-predictive-variables-and-follow-up
#4
Gera A de Haan, Bart J M Melis-Dankers, Wiebo H Brouwer, Oliver Tucha, Joost Heutink
INTRODUCTION: People with homonymous visual field defects (HVFD) often report difficulty detecting obstacles in the periphery on their blind side in time when moving around. Recently, a randomized controlled trial showed that the InSight-Hemianopia Compensatory Scanning Training (IH-CST) specifically improved detection of peripheral stimuli and avoiding obstacles when moving around, especially in dual task situations. METHOD: The within-group training effects of the previously reported IH-CST are examined in an extended patient group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928375/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-treatment-for-post-stroke-homonymous-hemianopia-screening-and-recruitment
#5
Fiona J Rowe, Elizabeth J Conroy, P Graham Barton, Emma Bedson, Emma Cwiklinski, Caroline Dodridge, Avril Drummond, Marta Garcia-Finana, Claire Howard, Stevie Johnson, Claire MacIntosh, Carmel P Noonan, Alex Pollock, Janet Rockliffe, Catherine M Sackley, Tracey Shipman
The authors report the screening process and recruitment figures for the VISION (Visual Impairment in Stroke; Intervention Or Not) trial. This is a prospective, randomised, single-blinded, three-arm controlled trial in 14 UK acute hospital stroke units. Stroke teams identified stroke survivors suspected as having homonymous hemianopia. Interventions included Fresnel prisms versus visual search training versus standard care (information only). Primary outcome was change in visual field assessment from baseline to 26 weeks...
February 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909274/-three-mitral-valve-operations-in-a-patient-with-trousseau-syndrome-and-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-caused-by-ovarian-cancer
#6
Masahito Saito, Naoki Asano, Kazunori Ota, Kazuho Niimi, Koyu Tanaka, Shigeyoshi Gon, Hiroshi Takano
A 52-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute right hemi-paresis, left homonymous hemianopia, and fever. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed multiple cerebral infarctions and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a vegetation on the posterior leaflet of her mitral valve. Mitral valve repair was performed under a diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). Further multiple cerebral infarctions occurred on the 11th postoperative day, resulting in left hemiplegia and dysarthria...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896492/hemianopic-line-bisection-error-in-a-patient-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Heeyoung Kang, Soo-Kyoung Kim, Ki-Jong Park, Nack-Cheon Choi, Oh-Young Kwon, Byeong Hoon Lim
Visual symptoms are frequently observed in posterior cortical atrophy compared to typical amnestic Alzheimer's disease (AD). We report the case of a patient with amnestic AD with long-lasting homonymous hemianopia. A 62-year-old woman, who was diagnosed in amnestic AD, complained of visual disturbance. She had left homonymous hemianopia in the perimetry test and left tactile extinction. Regardless of posture, retinotopically leftward error was observed on 21 cm line bisection test. Brain single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) showed bilateral temporoparietal hypoperfusion, which was more severe to the right than left side...
November 28, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886894/homonymous-hemianopia-and-vision-restoration-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Alexander Frolov, Jeanne Feuerstein, Prem S Subramanian
Homonymous hemianopia from stroke causes visual disability. Although some patients experience spontaneous improvement, others have limited to no change and may be left with a severe disability. Current rehabilitation strategies are compensatory and cannot restore function. Animal studies suggest that central nervous system plasticity could allow for redirection of lost visual function into undamaged areas of cortex. A commercial therapy system was developed, from which claims of visual field expansion were disputed by independent researchers...
February 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773906/lateral-geniculate-body-presenting-only-hemorrhage-homonymous-hemianopia-a-case-report
#9
Haruki Tokida, Yuhei Kanaya, Yutaka Shimoe, Shigeru Yamori, Koichi Tagawa, Masaru Kuriyama
We report a case of a 55-year-old man who developed acute-onset narrowing of his visual field. He showed right homonymous hemianopsia without any other neurological symptoms and signs. Brain CT and MRI showed localized hemorrhage (about 1.6 ml) in the left lateral geniculate body (LGB). A cerebral angiography showed no vascular anomalies of cerebral vessels, and the left anterior choroidal artery and left lateral posterior choroidal artery could be visualized well. He had hypertension, polycythemia and dyslipidemia and was a habitual smoker and an alcoholic...
November 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773358/avoiding-unseen-obstacles-subcortical-vision-is-not-sufficient-to-maintain-normal-obstacle-avoidance-behaviour-during-reaching
#10
Alasdair I Ross, Thomas Schenk, Jutta Billino, Mary J Macleod, Constanze Hesse
Previous research found that a patient with cortical blindness (homonymous hemianopia) was able to successfully avoid an obstacle placed in his blind field, despite reporting no conscious awareness of it [Striemer, C. L., Chapman, C. S., & Goodale, M. A., 2009, PNAS, 106(37), 15996-16001]. This finding led to the suggestion that dorsal stream areas, that are assumed to mediate obstacle avoidance behaviour, may obtain their visual input primarily from subcortical pathways. Hence, it was suggested that normal obstacle avoidance behaviour can proceed without input from the primary visual cortex...
October 3, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730295/-partial-homonymous-hemianopia-of-traumatic-origin-after-riding-a-high-speed-amusement-ride
#11
B Hohberger, R Trollmann, O Rompel, P Gölitz, G-C Gusek-Schneider
Amusement park injuries have become more common in recent years. Especially neurological symptoms dominate clinical findings. In this article, the case of a 15-year-old child with homonymous hemianopia due to an atypical intracranial bleeding with subdural hematoma after a giant swing ride is described for the first time.
October 11, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570398/unusual-case-of-recurrent-smart-stroke-like-migraine-attacks-after-radiation-therapy-syndrome
#12
Ramnath Santosh Ramanathan, Gayathri Sreedher, Konark Malhotra, Zain Guduru, Deeksha Agarwal, Mary Flaherty, Timothy Leichliter, Sandeep Rana
Stroke-like migraine attacks after radiation therapy (SMART) syndrome is a rare delayed complication of cerebral radiation therapy. A 53-year-old female initially presented with headache, confusion and left homonymous hemianopia. Her medical history was notable for cerebellar hemangioblastoma, which was treated with radiation in 1987. Her initial brain MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) revealed cortical enhancement in the right temporo-parieto-occipital region. She improved spontaneously in 2 weeks and follow-up scan at 4 weeks revealed no residual enhancement or encephalomalacia...
July 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552350/restoration-of-vision-after-brain-injury-using-magnet-glasses
#13
Kevin E Houston, Eleftherios I Pachalis, Danielle C Angueira, P Matthew Bronstad, Anna M Barrett, Mary Alexis Iaccarino
Visual impairments are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and negatively affect quality of life. We describe a 39-year-old woman with a severe TBI who was evaluated by the inpatient optometry and vision rehabilitation service with findings of complete right homonymous hemianopia and right cranial nerve III palsy with 30-degree right exotropia (eye turn out) and complete right ptosis (eyelid will not open). The 30-degree exotropia advantageously generated 30 degrees of right visual field expansion when the right ptosis was treated with a magnetic levator prosthesis, which restores eyelid opening...
August 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445717/behavioral-consequences-and-cortical-reorganization-in-homonymous-hemianopia
#14
REVIEW
Sylvie Chokron, Céline Perez, Carole Peyrin
The most common visual defect to follow a lesion of the retrochiasmal pathways is homonymous hemianopia (HH), whereby, in each eye, patients are blind to the contralesional visual field. From a behavioral perspective, in addition to exhibiting a severe deficit in their contralesional visual field, hemianopic patients can also present implicit residual capacities, now usually referred to collectively as blindsight. It was recently demonstrated that HH patients can also suffer from a subtle deficit in their ipsilesional visual field, called sightblindness (the reverse case of blindsight)...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429357/anoxic-brain-injury-secondary-to-metabolic-encephalopathy
#15
Lyndsey M Ferris, Carla Engelke
PURPOSE: To discuss the clinical case of a patient suffering visual dysfunction secondary to a metabolic brain injury, the patient's visual rehabilitative treatment, and outcomes. CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old Caucasian male presented to the Southern Arizona Veteran's Affairs Healthcare System's Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) eye clinic for evaluation and treatment of visual dysfunction secondary to an anoxic brain injury suffered 4 months before. Symptoms included persistent right homonymous hemianopia, oculomotor dysfunction, and a visual information processing deficit...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358769/occipital-seizures-and-persistent-homonymous-hemianopia-with-t2-hypointensity-on-mri-in-nonketotic-hyperglycemia
#16
Zebun Nissa, Shaista A Siddiqi, Sharifa A M Abdool
INTRODUCTION: Nonketotic hyperglycemia (NKH) is known to cause focal motor or secondarily generalized seizures. Occipital seizures in NKH are seldom reported, especially with visual hallucinations and persistent homonymous hemianopia (HH) with characteristic radiological and electroencephalographic (EEG) findings. SUMMARY: Our patient was a middle-aged man who presented with a new onset, single episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizure and NKH. He complained of seeing intermittent colorful stripes in his right visual field...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340803/reversible-edema-like-changes-along-the-optic-tract-following-pipeline-assisted-coiling-of-a-large-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm
#17
Biagia La Pira, Waleed Brinjikji, Christopher Hunt, John J Chen, Giuseppe Lanzino
Aneurysmal volume expansion after endovascular treatment is caused by intra-aneurysmal thrombosis in the early postembolization period. Although postembolization mass effect on cranial nerves and other adjacent structures has been previously reported, we are unaware of reports involving the anterior visual pathway. A 66-year-old woman with a 2-week history of blurred vision without headache was found to have a large, unruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. One month after endovascular treatment of the aneurysm with coiling and flow diversion, the patient developed decreased vision in her right eye and a left homonymous hemianopia...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281492/unexplained-homonymous-hemianopia
#18
Saranya C Balasubramaniam, John J Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274865/retinal-ganglion-cell-atrophy-in-homonymous-hemianopia-due-to-acquired-occipital-lesions-observed-using-cirrus-high-definition-oct
#19
Tsutomu Yamashita, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Syunsuke Araki, Go Takizawa, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Akio Tabuchi, Yasuyuki Iguchi, Kazumi Kimura, Yoshiki Yagita
Purpose. To report a reduction in macular ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer (GCL+IPL) thickness and circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in patients with homonymous hemianopia due to posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stroke. Methods. Seven patients with PCA stroke were examined using Cirrus high-definition-OCT. The GCL+IPL thicknesses were divided into the hemianopic and unaffected sides. The relationship between the time after stroke and the GCL+IPL thicknesses in the hemianopic side was evaluated...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238857/visual-outcome-in-sturge-weber-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-dutch-multicentre-cohort
#20
REVIEW
Yvonne Koenraads, Michelle B van Egmond-Ebbeling, Joke H de Boer, Saskia M Imhof, Kees P J Braun, Giorgio L Porro
Visual functions in Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) may be impaired by glaucoma, diffuse choroidal haemangioma (DCH) or leptomeningeal angioma. The aim of this study was to gain better insight in the visual deficits of SWS patients. A systematic literature search using PubMed and Embase medical databases was performed to identify articles describing visual acuity (VA) and/or visual field (VF) findings in SWS patients. In addition, a Dutch multicentre cohort with 33 SWS patients was collected and the combined results of VA and VF findings are presented...
November 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
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