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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222477/a-novel-eeg-based-spectral-analysis-of-persistent-brain-function-alteration-in-athletes-with-concussion-history
#1
Tamanna T K Munia, Ali Haider, Charles Schneider, Mark Romanick, Reza Fazel-Rezai
The neurocognitive sequelae of a sport-related concussion and its management are poorly defined. Detecting deficits are vital in making a decision about the treatment plan as it can persist one year or more following a brain injury. The reliability of traditional cognitive assessment tools is debatable, and thus attention has turned to assessments based on electroencephalogram (EEG) to evaluate subtle post-concussive alterations. In this study, we calculated neurocognitive deficits combining EEG analysis with three standard post-concussive assessment tools...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221773/gender-differences-in-sleep-symptoms-after-repeat-concussions
#2
Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile, Bronson Elizabeth Delasobera, Nassim Zecavati
OBJECTIVES: There are notable gender differences in concussion as well as sleep. Sleep disturbance is a major symptom of post-concussive syndrome. The interplay between sleep disturbance, concussion, and gender has yet to be examined. The objective of this study was to determine whether sleep disturbance plays a role in the known gender differences associated with concussion. METHODS: Males and females (ages 10-35 years) completed a pre-concussion and post-concussion evaluation...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204342/sex-differences-in-white-matter-alterations-following-repetitive-subconcussive-head-impacts-in-collegiate-ice-hockey-players
#3
Nico Sollmann, Paul S Echlin, Vivian Schultz, Petra V Viher, Amanda E Lyall, Yorghos Tripodis, David Kaufmann, Elisabeth Hartl, Philipp Kinzel, Lorie A Forwell, Andrew M Johnson, Elaine N Skopelja, Christian Lepage, Sylvain Bouix, Ofer Pasternak, Alexander P Lin, Martha E Shenton, Inga K Koerte
Objective: Repetitive subconcussive head impacts (RSHI) may lead to structural, functional, and metabolic alterations of the brain. While differences between males and females have already been suggested following a concussion, whether there are sex differences following exposure to RSHI remains unknown. The aim of this study was to identify and to characterize sex differences following exposure to RSHI. Methods: Twenty-five collegiate ice hockey players (14 males and 11 females, 20...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198541/returning-adolescents-to-driving-after-sports-related-concussions-what-influences-physician-decision-making
#4
James MacDonald, Neha Patel, Julie Young, Emily Stuart
OBJECTIVE: To determine which data collected on an initial patient clinic visit for a sports-related concussion (SRC) might influence physicians to clear an adolescent to return to drive (RTD) after injury. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 189 adolescents with a SRC referred to a hospital-based concussion clinic between June 1, 2015, and May 31, 2016. Subjects were ≥16 years with a valid driver's license (median age = 16, IQR [16, 17]). Concussion evaluations included Post-Concussion Symptom Scale, modified Balance Error Scoring System, and postinjury computerized neurocognitive testing (CNT)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197811/physical-examination-of-dizziness-in-athletes-after-a-concussion-a-descriptive-study
#5
Jennifer C Reneker, Vinay K Cheruvu, Jingzhen Yang, Mark A James, Chad E Cook
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is commonly reported after concussion. With the forces experienced at the time of the injury, several anatomical locations may have been altered, causing dizziness. OBJECTIVE: Describe an objective examination and the types of impairment/dysfunction implicated by the results of clinical examination tests in subjects with dizziness after a concussion. DESIGN: Cross-Sectional. METHODS: Athletes between ages 10-23 were enrolled with a diagnosis of concussion...
November 26, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190189/changes-in-working-memory-performance-in-youth-following-concussion
#6
Stephanie L Green, Michelle L Keightley, Nancy J Lobaugh, Deirdre R Dawson, Alex Mihailidis
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the working memory (WM) performance pre- and post-concussion, and investigate the relationships between performance changes and characteristics such as self-reported symptom scores, number of days post-injury and age at injury in 10-14-year-old youth. METHODS: Twenty-one youth (17 males) aged 10-14 years recruited from the community completed verbal and non-verbal WM tasks pre- and post-concussion. Performance was measured using accuracy and performance errors (false alarms and misses)...
November 30, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190146/prevalence-of-depression-after-tbi-in-a-prospective-cohort-the-shefbit-study
#7
Rajiv Singh, Suzanne Mason, Fiona Lecky, Jeremy Dawson
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to measure the prevalence of depression after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the features associated with increased risk in a cohort that reflects clinical practice. METHODS: Prospective TBI admissions to a large Teaching Hospital Emergency Department were recruited over a 2-year period. Assessments for depression and other psychosocial and global outcomes were completed at 3 months post-injury. Comparisons were made with demographic and injury features of interest to establish any associations of depression risk...
November 30, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189340/influence-of-postconcussion-sleep-duration-on-concussion-recovery-in-collegiate-athletes
#8
Nicole L Hoffman, Michelle L Weber, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether decreased sleep duration postconcussion influences days to asymptomatic and assessment of performance throughout recovery. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Institutional Clinical Research Laboratory. PATIENTS: Four hundred twenty-three collegiate athletes were diagnosed with concussion. INTERVENTIONS: Multidimensional concussion assessment battery was conducted at baseline, within 24 to 48 hours, daily [2-4 days postinjury (PI); symptoms only], once asymptomatic, and after return-to-play...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180620/quantitative-measurement-of-post-concussion-syndrome-using-electrovestibulography
#9
Abdelbaset Suleiman, Brian Lithgow, Zeinab Dastghieb, Behzad Mansouri, Zahra Moussavi
In this study, a noninvasive quantitative measure was used to identify short and long term post-concussion syndrome (PCS) both from each other and from healthy control populations. We used Electrovestibulography (EVestG) for detecting neurophysiological PCS consequent to a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in both short-term (N = 8) and long-term (N = 30) (beyond the normal recovery period) symptomatic individuals. Peripheral, spontaneously evoked vestibuloacoustic signals incorporating - and modulated by - brainstem responses were recorded using EVestG, while individuals were stationary (no movement stimulus)...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168451/intraindividual-cognitive-variability-an-examination-of-anam4-tbi-mil-simple-reaction-time-data-from-service-members-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Wesley R Cole, Emma Gregory, Jacques P Arrieux, F Jay Haran
OBJECTIVES: The Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics 4 TBI-MIL (ANAM4) is a computerized cognitive test often used in post-concussion assessments with U.S. service members (SMs). However, existing evidence remains mixed regarding ANAM4's ability to identify cognitive issues following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Studies typically examine ANAM4 using standardized scores and/ or comparisons to a baseline. A more fine-grained approach involves examining inconsistency within an individual's performance (i...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164163/neurocognitive-deficits-of-concussed-adolescent-athletes-at-self-reported-symptom-resolution-in-the-zurich-guidelines-era
#11
Peter K Kriz, Rebekah Mannix, Alex M Taylor, Danielle Ruggieri, William P Meehan
Background: Previous studies have evaluated high school and collegiate athletes in the pre-Zurich guidelines era; whether adolescent athletes demonstrate similar neurocognitive decrements in the current concussion management era remains unclear. Purpose: To assess for the presence of neurocognitive deficits in adolescents with a sport-related concussion at the time of self-reported symptom resolution. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163326/systematic-review-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-baseball-and-softball-a-framework-for-prevention
#12
Michael D Cusimano, Alice Zhu
Background: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are an important public health challenge. The classification of baseball and softball as low contact sports and their association with extremity injuries cause individuals to overlook the risk of TBI in baseball and softball. Purpose: To summarize our knowledge of the epidemiology and risk factors of TBIs associated with baseball and softball with an aim to better design and implement preventive strategies. Methods: A search algorithm containing keywords that were synonymous to the terms "TBI," "baseball" was applied to the following nine databases: MEDLINE, Scopus, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Healthstar, PsychINFO, AMED, Cochrane library...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159546/sport-related-concussion-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-elite-athletes-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Alexandra G Parker, Simon Rosenbaum, Alan Bailey, Daveena Mawren, Rosemary Purcell
BACKGROUND: Elite athletes can experience a diverse range of symptoms following post-concussive injury. The impact of sport-related concussion on specific mental health outcomes is unclear in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to appraise the evidence base regarding the association between sport-related concussion and mental health outcomes in athletes competing at elite and professional levels. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Cinahl databases was conducted...
November 20, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157007/prognostic-value-of-neuron-specific-enolase-nse-for-prediction-of-post-concussion-symptoms-following-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
Eric Mercier, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Peter A Cameron, Marcel Émond, Lynne Moore, Biswadev Mitra, Marie-Christine Ouellet, Jérôme Frenette, Elaine de Guise, Natalie Le Sage
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to determine the prognostic value of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) to predict post-concussion symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Seven databases were searched for studies evaluating the association between NSE levels and post-concussion symptoms assessed ≥ 3 months (persistent) or ≥ 7 days < 3 months (early) after mild TBI. Two researchers independently screened studies for inclusion, extracted data and appraised quality using the Quality in Prognostic Studies (QUIPS) tool...
November 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156905/i-hurt-so-hypnotic-interventions-and-palliative-care-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Donald Moss
This article presents a case study in which self-hypnosis, hypnosis-assisted psychotherapy, and palliative care strategies were provided within a multi-modal integrative treatment program for a 38-year-old woman with traumatic brain injury (TBI) secondary to motor vehicle accident. Self-hypnosis was helpful in anxiety reduction and pain management. Hypnosis-assisted psychotherapy was beneficial in de-sensitizing many post-traumatic memories, and in managing post-concussion pain, including neuropathic pain and post-traumatic migraine headaches...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154694/gait-and-quiet-stance-performance-among-adolescents-after-concussion-symptom-resolution
#16
Justin Berkner, William P Meehan, Christina L Master, David R Howell
OBJECTIVE:   To prospectively examine adolescent athletes' gait and quiet-stance performance while concurrently completing a cognitive task acutely after concussion and after symptom resolution. SETTING:   Sport concussion clinic. DESIGN:   Participants diagnosed with a concussion completed a symptom inventory and single- and dual-task quiet-stance and gait evaluations within 21 days of injury and then again after symptom resolution...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149393/challenges-in-minor-tbi-and-indications-for-head-ct-in-pediatric-tbi-an-update
#18
Navneet Singh, Ash Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric head trauma is one of the commonest presentations to emergency departments. Over 90% of such head injuries are considered mild, but still present risk acute clinical deterioration and longer term morbidity. Identifying which children are at risk of clinically important brain injuries remains challenging and much of the data on minor head injuries is based on the adult population. CHALLENGES IN PEDIATRICS: Children, however, are different, both anatomically and in terms of mechanism of injury, to adults and, even within the pediatric group, there are differences with age and stage of development...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139355/-post-concussion-syndrome-is-a-neuro-cognitive-condition
#19
EDITORIAL
Line Kirstine Hauptmann, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is often caused by an uncomplicated mild head injury but followed by long-lasting somatic, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. For many years PCS has been an area of controversy between clinicians. New diagnostic techniques and clinical researches has shed light to some neurobiological aspects behind PCS. In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V PCS is redefined as a neuro-cognitive condition emphasizing the importance of neuropsychological deficits among these patients...
November 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131721/postural-stability-in-healthy-child-and-youth-athletes-the-effect-of-age-sex-and-concussion-related-factors-on-performance
#20
Melissa Paniccia, Katherine E Wilson, Anne Hunt, Michelle Keightley, Karl Zabjek, Tim Taha, Isabelle Gagnon, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Postural stability plays a key role in sport performance, especially after concussion. Specific to healthy child and youth athletes, little is known about the influence development and sex may have on postural stability while considering other subjective clinical measures used in baseline/preinjury concussion assessment. This study aims to describe age- and sex-based trends in postural stability in uninjured child and youth athletes at baseline while accounting for concussion-related factors...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
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