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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456902/review-of-assessment-scales-for-diagnosing-and-monitoring-sports-related-concussion
#1
REVIEW
Alexa M Dessy, Frank J Yuk, Akbar Y Maniya, Alex Gometz, Jonathan J Rasouli, Mark R Lovell, Tanvir F Choudhri
Sports-related concussion has emerged as a public health crisis due to increased diagnosis of the condition and increased participation in organized and recreational athletics worldwide. Under-recognition of concussions can lead to premature clearance for athletic participation, leaving athletes vulnerable to repeat injury and subsequent short- and long-term complications. There is overwhelming evidence that assessment and management of sports-related concussions should involve a multifaceted approach. A number of assessment criteria have been developed for this purpose...
December 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446658/post-concussive-symptoms-after-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#2
Nicola J Starkey, Kelly Jones, Rosalind Case, Alice Theadom, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Valery Feigin
OBJECTIVE: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is common injury during childhood and adolescence but the long-term outcomes are poorly understood. This study examined post-concussive symptoms and behavioural outcomes in children and adolescents up to 24 months post-mTBI. METHOD: Parents of children aged 8-15 years with mTBI completed the BASC-2 and Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire at baseline, 1-, 6-, 12- and 24 months post-injury. An age-matched traumatic brain injury-free cohort was recruited and assessed at 12- and 24 months...
February 15, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435691/common-data-elements-collected-among-universities-for-sport-related-concussion-studies
#3
Jingzhen Yang, Corinne Peek-Asa, James M Noble, James Torner, Paul Schmidt, Martha L Cooper
BACKGROUND: Universities are increasingly implementing programs to effectively respond to and manage sport-related concussions (SRCs). One such effort is to develop common data elements (CDEs) and standardize data collection methods. The objectives of this study were to describe CDEs currently collected by Big Ten and Ivy League universities for SRC studies, and to compare the data collected with the core CDEs recommended by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)...
February 12, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425698/assessment-of-sleep-quantity-and-sleep-disturbances-during-recovery-from-sports-related-concussion-in-youth-athletes
#4
Donna L Murdaugh, Kim E Ono, Andrew Reisner, Thomas G Burns
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between sleep quantity and sleep disturbances on symptoms and neurocognitive ability at the acute phase (<7 days) and post-sports-related concussion (SRC; >21 days). DESIGN: Prospective inception cohort study SETTING: General community setting of regional middle and high schools. PARTICIPANTS: Sample included 528 youth athletes with SRC and 443 controls ages 10-18. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Athletes completed the Immediate Post-Concussive Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) battery...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420685/gender-differences-in-symptom-reporting-on-baseline-sport-concussion-testing-across-the-youth-age-span
#5
Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Lauren Olek, Philip Schatz
Background: Little is known regarding gender differences in concussion symptom reporting developmentally across the age span, specifically in pre-adolescent athletes. The present study asks: Do boys and girls differ in symptom reporting across the pre-adolescent to post-adolescent age span? Method: This retrospective study utilized baseline assessments from 11,695 10-22 year-old athletes assigned to 3 independent groups: Pre-adolescent 10-12 year olds (n = 1,367; 12%), Adolescent 13-17 year olds (n = 2,974; 25%), and Late Adolescent 18-22 year olds (n = 7,354; 63%)...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396300/traumatic-brain-injury-and-alzheimer-s-disease-the-cerebrovascular-link
#6
REVIEW
Jaime Ramos-Cejudo, Thomas Wisniewski, Charles Marmar, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Mony J de Leon, Silvia Fossati
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are devastating neurological disorders, whose complex relationship is not completely understood. Cerebrovascular pathology, a key element in both conditions, could represent a mechanistic link between Aβ/tau deposition after TBI and the development of post concussive syndrome, dementia and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). In addition to debilitating acute effects, TBI-induced neurovascular injuries accelerate amyloid β (Aβ) production and perivascular accumulation, arterial stiffness, tau hyperphosphorylation and tau/Aβ-induced blood brain barrier damage, giving rise to a deleterious feed-forward loop...
January 30, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393810/effect-of-concussion-history-on-symptom-burden-and-recovery-following-pediatric-sports-related-concussion
#7
Michael Ellis, Cameron Krisko, Erin Selci, Kelly Russell
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine differences in symptom burden and duration until physician-documented clinical recovery among pediatric patients with sports-related concussion (SRC) with and without a history of concussion. METHODS A retrospective chart review was performed for all pediatric patients (7-19 years old) referred to the Pan Am Concussion Program in Winnipeg, Canada, with an SRC and evaluated < 30 days postinjury between September 1, 2013, and August 1, 2015. RESULTS A total of 322 patients with SRC (64...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393677/effects-of-repetitive-subconcussive-head-trauma-on-the-neuropsychological-test-performance-of-high-school-athletes-a-comparison-of-high-moderate-and-low-contact-sports
#8
William T Tsushima, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Andrea M Siu, Kara Yoshinaga, So Yung Choi, Nathan M Murata
The aim of this study was to examine the neuropsychological test results of non-concussed high school athletes playing at three different levels of contact sports. Based on the concussion risk data of 12 different sports, a High Contact group (n=2819; wrestling/martial arts, cheerleading, track and field, football), a Moderate Contact group (n=2323; softball, basketball, soccer), and a Low Contact group (n=1580; baseball, volleyball, water polo, tennis, cross-country) were formed and compared in terms of their scores on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT)...
February 2, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388850/neurophysiological-and-cognitive-impairment-following-repeated-sports-concussion-injuries-in-retired-professional-rugby-league-players
#9
Alan J Pearce, Billymo Rist, Clare L Fraser, Adrian Cohen, Jerome J Maller
BACKGROUND: Concussion is regarded as a common injury in rugby league, however no studies have explored the long-term neurophysiological and cognitive effects of repeated concussion injuries in this sport. METHODS: Former professional rugby athletes (n = 25) were compared to 25 age-matched participants with no history of a concussion. All participants completed standardised motor dexterity, reaction time, and cognitive tasks for working memory, associative learning and rule acquisition and reversal...
February 1, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388838/untangling-chronic-pain-and-post-concussion-symptoms-the-significance-of-depression
#10
Deborah L Snell, Rachelle Martin, A D Macleod, Lois J Surgenor, Richard J Siegert, E Jean C Hay-Smith, Tracy Melzer, Gary J Hooper, Tim Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Post-concussion-like symptoms (PCS) are common in patients without a history of brain injury, such as those with chronic pain (CP). This exploratory study examined neuro-cognitive and psychological functioning in patients with PCS following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or CP, to assess unique and overlapping phenomenology. METHODS: In this case-control study, participants (n = 102) with chronic symptoms after mTBI (n = 45) were matched with mTBI recovered (n = 31) and CP groups (n = 26), on age, gender, ethnicity and education...
February 1, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385179/population-based-cohort-study-of-the-impacts-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-four-years-post-injury
#11
Alice Theadom, Nicola Starkey, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Kelly Jones, Shanthi Ameratunga, Valery Feigin
There is increasing evidence that some people can experience persistent symptoms for up to a year following mild TBI. However, few longitudinal studies of mild TBI exist and the longer-term impact remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine if there are long-term effects of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) four-years later. Adults (aged ≥16 years) identified as part of a TBI incidence study who experienced a mild-TBI four-years ago (N = 232) were compared to age-sex matched controls (N = 232)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381402/comparison-of-baseline-impact-performance-in-amateur-motocross-riders-to-football-and-basketball-athletes
#12
Natalie K Sandel, Phillip R Worts, Scott Burkhart, Luke Henry
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The American Motorcyclist Association requires professional riders to undergo baseline computerized neurocognitive testing (CNT) using the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) test for concussion management. It is recommended this practice be expanded to the amateur level, but limited research has explored whether baseline testing is necessary for youth when normative data is available. This study evaluates the utility of baseline testing for amateur riders by comparing their performance to those of traditional youth sports comprising normative datasets...
January 30, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373947/reduced-functional-connectivity-in-adults-with-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#13
Lia Maria Hocke, Chris C Duszynski, Chantel T Debert, Diane Dleikan, Jeffrey F Dunn
Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), accounts for approximately 80% of all traumatic brain injuries across North America. The majority of mTBI patients recover within days to weeks, however, 14-36% of the time acute mTBI symptoms persist for months or even years and develop into persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS). There is a need to find biomarkers in patients with PPCS, to improve prognostic ability and to provide insight into the pathophysiology underlying chronic symptoms. Recent research has pointed towards impaired network integrity and cortical communication as a biomarker...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357779/adversity-and-resilience-are-associated-with-outcome-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-military-service-members
#14
Matthew Wade Reid, Douglas Cooper, Lisa H Lu, Grant L Iverson, Jan Kennedy
The objective of this study was to assess the associations between resilience, adversity, post-concussion symptoms, and posttraumatic stress symptom reporting following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We hypothesized that resilience would be associated with less symptom reporting and adversity would be associated with greater symptom reporting. This was a cross-sectional study of retrospective data collected for an ongoing TBI repository. US military service members who screened positive for mTBI during a primary care visit completed the Trauma History Screen (THS), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI), and PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357456/network-disruption-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-clinical-and-experimental-research-implications
#15
Casey Swick, Tiffany Andersen, Ana-Mercedes Flores
Illuminating the pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie persistent post concussive symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a growing area of study. Alhourani et al. (J Neurophysiol 116: 1840-1847, 2016) added to this emerging body of literature with their study examining default mode network (DMN) disruption in mTBI using magnetoencephalography. The findings provided enhanced insight into the neural underpinnings of mTBI , which can be applied to future clinical and experimental research in this area...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357446/network-disruption-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-clinical-and-experimental-research-implications
#16
Casey Swick, Tiffany Andersen, Ana-Mercedes Flores
Illuminating the pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie persistent post concussive symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a growing area of study. Alhourani et al. (J Neurophysiol 116: 1840-1847, 2016) added to this emerging body of literature with their study examining default mode network (DMN) disruption in mTBI using magnetoencephalography. The findings provided enhanced insight into the neural underpinnings of mTBI, which can be applied to future clinical and experimental research in this area...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355392/factor-structure-of-the-rivermead-post-concussion-symptoms-questionnaire-over-the-first-year-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Suzanne Barker-Collo, Alice Theadom, Nicola Starkey, Michael Kahan, Kelly Jones, Valery Feigin
BACKGROUND: We examined the factor structure of the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptom Questionnaire (RPQ), the most commonly used measure of post-concussive symptoms, over the first year post-injury. METHOD: Factor analysis (orthogonal rotation) was used to examine the RPQ items that form coherent subsets/factors within 2-weeks, and 1, 6, and 12-months post-mTBI in 527 adults (age >16 years). RESULTS: At baseline, three factors accounted for 63...
January 22, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351382/team-versus-individual-sport-participation-as-a-modifying-factor-in-the-development-of-post-concussion-syndrome-after-first-concussion-a-pilot-study
#18
Aaron S Jeckell, Benjamin L Brett, Douglas J Totten, Gary S Solomon
Identification of modifying factors that influence the development of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) following sport-related concussion (SRC) has drawn considerable interest. In this pilot study, we investigate the effect of team vs. individual sport participation on the development of PCS in a sample of 136 high school and college student-athletes. Controlling for several confounding variables, we employed a binary logistic regression and chi-squared test. Results of this pilot study indicate that participation in team versus individual sport is not a significant factor in the development of PCS...
January 19, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350085/divergent-classification-methods-of-post-concussion-syndrome-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-prevalence-rates-risk-factors-and-functional-outcome
#19
Daphne Cloë Voormolen, Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Nicole von Steinbuechel, Pieter E Vos, Juanita Antje Haagsma
Mild Traumatic Brian Injury (mTBI) is a common diagnosis and approximately one third of mTBI patients experience a variety of cognitive, emotional, psychosocial and behavioral post-concussion symptoms. When a cluster of these symptoms persists for more than three months they are often classified as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). The objective of this study was to determine prevalence rates, risk factors and functional outcome associated with PCS six months after mTBI applying divergent classification methods...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337649/neurocognitive-deficits-associated-with-adhd-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#20
Poyrung Poysophon, Ashwin L Rao
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder and is frequently diagnosed in young adults. Emerging studies suggest a relationship between ADHD and concussion. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether athletes with ADHD are at increased risk for neurocognitive deficits related to concussion risk, symptom reporting, and recovery. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search of PubMed, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Library databases was performed...
January 1, 2018: Sports Health
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