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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107546/bone-marrow-stroma-protects-myeloma-cells-from-cytotoxic-damage-via-induction-of-the-oncoprotein-muc1
#1
Michal Bar-Natan, Dina Stroopinsky, Katarina Luptakova, Maxwell D Coll, Arie Apel, Hasan Rajabi, Athalia R Pyzer, Kristen Palmer, Michaela R Reagan, Myrna R Nahas, Rebecca Karp Leaf, Salvia Jain, Jon Arnason, Irene M Ghobrial, Kenneth C Anderson, Donald Kufe, Jacalyn Rosenblatt, David Avigan
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a lethal haematological malignancy that arises in the context of a tumour microenvironment that promotes resistance to apoptosis and immune escape. In the present study, we demonstrate that co-culture of MM cells with stromal cells results in increased resistance to cytotoxic and biological agents as manifested by decreased rates of cell death following exposure to alkylating agents and the proteosome inhibitor, bortezomib. To identify the mechanism of increased resistance, we examined the effect of the co-culture of MM cells with stroma cells, on expression of the MUC1 oncogene, known to confer tumour cells with resistance to apoptosis and necrosis...
January 20, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105740/psychosocial-distress-in-haematological-cancer-survivors-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
D Raphael, R Frey, M Gott
Haematological cancers are becoming more prevalent, however, survival is also increasing. Many survivors are faced with psychosocial issues after treatment ends, and they may not receive the support they need. This review aims to examine peer reviewed literature reporting psychosocial distress faced by haematological cancer survivors in the early post-treatment period. Database and hand searches were conducted between August and September 2015, with no year restriction. Eligible studies were those reporting on psychosocial sequelae in haematological cancer survivors up to 5 years post-treatment...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105602/ibrutinib-a-review-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia
#3
Emma D Deeks
Ibrutinib (Imbruvica(®)) is an oral irreversible inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase, a B-cell receptor (BCR) signalling kinase expressed by various haematopoietic cells, B-cell lymphomas and leukaemias. The drug is indicated for the treatment of certain haematological malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), which are the focus of this review. In phase III CLL/SLL trials, ibrutinib monotherapy was more effective than chlorambucil in the first-line treatment of elderly patients (RESONATE-2) and more effective than ofatumumab in previously-treated adults (RESONATE)...
January 20, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105246/hepatobiliary-ultrasonographic-abnormalities-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-steady-state-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#4
Oluwatosin O Oguntoye, Dennis A Ndububa, Musah Yusuf, Rahman A Bolarinwa, Oluwagbemiga O Ayoola
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is associated with structural manifestations in the hepatobiliary axis. This study aimed to investigate the hepatobiliary ultrasonographic abnormalities in adult patients with sickle cell anaemia in steady state attending the Haematology clinic of a federal tertiary health institution in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. MATERIAL/METHODS: Basic demographic data as well as right upper abdominal quadrant ultrasonography of 50 consecutive sickle cell anaemia patients were compared with those of 50 age- and sex-matched subjects with HbAA as controls...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104284/-fabry-disease
#5
F Stephan, R Haber
Fabry disease, also known as Anderson-Fabry disease or angiokeratoma corporis diffusum universale, is an X-linked recessive form of sphingolipidosis caused by total or partial deficiency of the lysosomal hydrolase, alpha-galactosidase A. From the youngest age, it results in a gradual ubiquitous build-up of glycosphingolipids that are not degraded by the missing enzyme. Cutaneous, neurological, nephrologic, cardiac, gastrointestinal, ophthalmological, respiratory, cochleovestibular and haematological involvement are responsible for increased mortality and significant impairment of quality of life in subjects affected by the disease...
January 16, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103162/indicators-of-prognosis-for-admissions-from-a-specialist-diabetic-foot-clinic-a-retrospective-service-improvement-exercise
#6
Z Essackjee, C Gooday, I Nunney, K Dhatariya
OBJECTIVE: To look at haematological and biochemical variables as predictors of outcomes in people admitted to hospital with a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) without the use of technology or devices. In particular, to see if there was a relationship between admission blood cell and protein levels, and the likelihood of angioplasty, amputation, and death at one year after admission. METHOD: A five-year retrospective analysis of patients admitted to a tertiary multidisciplinary specialist diabetic foot clinic looking at admission C-reactive protein (CRP), white cell count (WCC), neutrophil count and HbA1c and their relationship to likelihood of angioplasty, minor or major amputation, and death at one year after admission...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101929/dysgeusia-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
E Ponticelli, M Clari, S Frigerio, A De Clemente, I Bergese, E Scavino, A Bernardini, C Sacerdote
The aim of the study was to evaluate taste disorders in patients receiving chemotherapy and to assess the impact of dysgeusia on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL). A total of 289 patients with a diagnosis of malignant solid or haematological cancer undergoing chemotherapy completed a questionnaire assessing dysgeusia and HRQOL. Sixty-four per cent of patients developed dysgeusia after and during chemotherapy. A statistically significant correlation was found between type of cancer and dysgeusia (p = ...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101785/acinetobacter-baumannii-bacteraemia-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancy-a-multicentre-retrospective-study-from-the-infection-working-party-of-jiangsu-society-of-hematology
#8
X Wang, L Zhang, A Sun, X Yang, W Sang, Y Jiang, J Cheng, J Wang, M Zhou, B Chen, J Ouyang
Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab) bacteraemia in patients with haematological malignancies is fatal but rarely reported. We explored the clinical characteristics, drug resistances and prognostic factors in these patients. This multicentre, retrospective study was conducted at the department of haematology wards of 18 tertiary hospitals in China from January 2014 to June 2015. The total clinical isolates from every source were collected from patients with haematological malignancy. Haematological malignancy patients diagnosed with Ab bacteraemia were analysed...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096010/a-pilot-study-of-routine-screening-for-distress-by-a-nurse-and-psychologist-in-an-outpatient-haematological-oncology-clinic
#9
Toni Musiello, Glenys Dixon, Moira O'Connor, Deb Cook, Lisa Miller, Anna Petterson, Christobel Saunders, David Joske, Claire Johnson
AIM: To explore the: 1) prevalence of distress, type of problems experienced by haematological patients, and referrals for supportive care; 2) effect of demographic and clinical variables on distress, and 3) effect on the time of health professionals conducting the screening in the ambulatory chemotherapy setting. METHODS: Participants completed the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer and Problem List and had a follow-up screening discussion with a health professional...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095847/the-biomedical-piglet-establishing-reference-intervals-for-haematology-and-clinical-chemistry-parameters-of-two-age-groups-with-and-without-iron-supplementation
#10
Domenico Ventrella, Francesco Dondi, Francesca Barone, Federica Serafini, Alberto Elmi, Massimo Giunti, Noemi Romagnoli, Monica Forni, Maria L Bacci
BACKGROUND: The similarities between swine and humans in physiological and genomic patterns, and the great correlation in size and anatomy, make pigs extremely useful in preclinical studies. New-born piglets can represent a model for congenital and genetic diseases in new-born children. It is known that piglets may have significant differences in clinicopathological results compared to adult pigs. Therefore, adult laboratory reference intervals cannot be applied to piglets. The aim of this study was to compare haematological and chemical variables in piglets of two ages and determinate age-related reference intervals for commercial hybrid young pigs...
January 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095397/a-randomised-phase-ii-trial-and-feasibility-study-of-palliative-chemotherapy-in-frail-or-elderly-patients-with-advanced-gastroesophageal-cancer-321go
#11
P S Hall, S R Lord, M Collinson, H Marshall, M Jones, C Lowe, H Howard, D Swinson, G Velikova, A Anthoney, R Roy, J Dent, S Cheeseman, K Last, M T Seymour
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are commonly under-represented in cancer clinical trials. The 321GO was undertaken in preparation for a definitive phase three trial assessing different chemotherapy regimens in a frail and/or elderly population with advanced gastroesophageal (GO) cancer. METHODS: Patients with advanced GO cancer considered unfit for conventional dose chemotherapy were randomly assigned in a 1 : 1 : 1 ratio to: epirubicin, oxaliplatin and capecitabine (EOX); oxaliplatin and capecitabine (OX); and capecitabine alone (X) (all 80% of full dose and unblinded)...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094847/increased-regulatory-t-cell-graft-content-is-associated-with-improved-outcome-in-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#12
Sheila A Fisher, Abigail Lamikanra, Carolyn Dorée, Betty Gration, Pat Tsang, Robert D Danby, David J Roberts
Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality, often due to the development of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Low numbers or proportions of regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been reported in patients who develop GVHD. We undertook a systematic review of studies that reported the Treg composition of HSCT grafts in patients with haematological malignancies. Fourteen eligible studies were identified, eight of which stratified patients by Tregs (absolute dose or ratio to CD3+ or CD4+ cells)...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094265/haematological-cancer-landmark-survival-achieved-in-mm
#13
David Killock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094068/-large-vessel-vasculitis-with-myelodysplastic-syndrome-a-rare-association
#14
J Galland, H Kawski, J-F Guichard, F Maurier
INTRODUCTION: The vasculitis can be the consequence of malignancy: most often hematologic rather than solid tumors. The association between large vessels vasculitis and myelodysplastic syndrome is rare. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old man experienced asthenia, fever, polyarthritis and inflammatory syndrome. Haematological investigations found a type 2 refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB-2) with discovery of severe anemia (Hb: 7,8g/dl) and thrombopenia (platelets: 40,000/mm(3))...
January 13, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094006/salt-aldosterone-and-extrarenal-na-sensitive-responses-in-pregnancy
#15
Paula Juliet Scaife, Markus Georg Mohaupt
Outside of pregnancy excessive salt consumption is known to be harmful being linked to increased blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. However, pregnancy represents a major change to a woman's physiology resulting in an intimate adaptation to environmental conditions. It is now becoming apparent that salt is essential for a number of these changes during pregnancy including haematological, cardiac adaptations as well as directly influencing placental development and the uteroplacental immune environment...
January 10, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092925/risk-based-management-of-dental-procedures-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders-development-of-a-dental-bleeding-risk-assessment-and-treatment-tool-debratt
#16
L Rasaratnam, P Chowdary, D Pollard, B Subel, C Harrington, U R Darbar
INTRODUCTION: Successful outcomes in dental management for patients with inherited bleeding disorders require close collaboration between haematology teams and dentists. AIM: To review outcomes of an interdisciplinary pathway for dental procedures by assessing adequacy and appropriateness of haemostatic management. METHODS: Two hundred dental procedures in 30 patients with inherited bleeding disorders were included. A Dental Bleeding Risk Assessment and Treatment Tool (DeBRATT) was developed to identify four categories of bleeding risk (no risk, low, moderate and high risk of bleeding) in relation to the severity of the bleeding disorder and the invasiveness of dental procedure...
January 16, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092764/common-deregulated-gene-expression-profiles-and-morphological-changes-in-developing-zebrafish-larvae-exposed-to-environmental-relevant-high-to-low-concentrations-of-glucocorticoids
#17
Qiyu Chen, Caixia Li, Zhiyuan Gong, Eric Chun Yong Chan, Shane A Snyder, Siew Hong Lam
Synthetic glucocorticoids have been detected in environmental waters and their biological potency have raised concerns of their impact on aquatic vertebrates especially fish. In this study, developing zebrafish larvae exposed to representative glucocorticoids (dexamethasone, prednisolone and triamcinolone) at 50 pM to 50 nM from 3 h post-fertilisation to 5 days post-fertilisation were investigated. Microarray analysis identified 1255, 1531, and 2380 gene probes, which correspondingly mapped to 660, 882 and 1238 human/rodent homologs, as deregulated by dexamethasone, prednisolone and triamcinolone, respectively...
January 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092608/white-and-red-blood-cell-picture-in-rabbits-experimentally-infected-with-strains-of-the-rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-rhd-virus-without-or-with-variable-haemagglutination-capacity
#18
P Niedźwiedzka-Rystwej, B Tokarz-Deptuła, W Deptuła
The aim of the study was to establish if haemagglutination of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) affects haematological picture of peripheral blood in rabbits and the pathogenicity of the virus. The study analyzed white and red blood cell picture in rabbits experimentally infected with two non-haemagglutinating (HA-) RHDV strains (Frankfurt and Asturias) and one strain with variable haemagglutination capacity (HA+/-) (Hagenow). Studies with HA- and HA +/- are rare and relate only to 4 HA- strains (2 RHDV: BLA and Rainham; 2 RHDVa: Pv97 and 9905) and 1 HA+/- RHDV strain: ŻD, where less changes in haematological indices and less pathogenicity were observed...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092349/recipient-donor-hla-and-cmv-matching-in-recipients-of-t-cell-depleted-unrelated-donor-haematopoietic-cell-transplants
#19
B E Shaw, N P Mayor, R M Szydlo, W P Bultitude, C Anthias, K Kirkland, J Perry, A Clark, S Mackinnon, D I Marks, A Pagliuca, M N Potter, N H Russell, K Thomson, J A Madrigal, S G E Marsh
Improving haematopoietic cell transplantation outcomes by selection of an HLA-matched unrelated donor is best practice; however, donor selection by secondary characteristics is controversial. We studied 1271 recipients with haematological malignancies who underwent T-cell-depleted allografts and had complete data on HLA-matching status for six loci (HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1, -DPB1) and clinical outcome data. Five-year overall survival was 40.6%. HLA mismatching (at HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1) relative risk (RR) 1...
January 16, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091680/protective-effects-of-dietary-glycine-and-glutamic-acid-toward-the-toxic-effects-of-oxidized-mustard-oil-in-rabbits
#20
Alam Zeb, Saleem Ur Rahman
The protective role of glycine and glutamic acid against the toxic effects of oxidized oil was studied for the first time. Mustard seed oil was thermally oxidized and characterized for quality characteristics and polyphenolic composition using reversed phase HPLC-DAD. Significant changes in the quality characteristics occurred with thermal oxidation. Fourteen polyphenolic compounds were identified and quantified in oils. Quercetin-3-glucoside, quercetin-3-feruloylsophoroside, catechin, quercetin-3-rutinoside, quercetin-3,7-diglucoside, sinapic acid and vanillic acid hexoside were the major compounds in the fresh and oxidized oil...
January 16, 2017: Food & Function
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