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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776012/evolving-self-view-and-body-image-concerns-in-female-post-operative-bariatric-surgery-patients
#1
Tamara O Perdue, Ann Schreier, Melvin Swanson, Janice Neil, Robert Carels
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research study explores the experience of post-operative bariatric surgery patients as they adjust to diminished weight and differentiates that adjustment from the more general concept of body image. BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective way to reduce weight and co-morbidities associated with obesity. Complete success requires that patients must adjust psychologically as they lose weight. If this does not occur, bariatric patients may experience a 'mind-body lag' in which the patient's internal body image lags behind the external changes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776004/knowledge-and-health-beliefs-about-gestational-diabetes-and-healthy-pregnancy-s-breastfeeding-intention
#2
Seungmi Park, Jung Lim Lee, Jang In Sun, Youngji Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: If the knowledge and health beliefs relating to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are associated with behaviours during pregnancy and lactation, this suggests potential educational interventions. BACKGROUNDS: Women with GDM are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and babies with GDM incur increased risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia and childhood obesity. Breastfeeding is an effective way to improve maternal and lipid metabolism of gestational diabetes mothers, and to lower the risk of T2DM after birth, to prevent conception...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775950/drechmerin-h-a-novel-1-2-2-18-diseco-indole-diterpenoid-from-the-fungus-drechmeria-sp-as-a-natural-agonist-of-human-pregnane-x-receptor
#3
Jian-Chao Zhao, Zhi-Lin Luan, Jia-Hao Liang, Zhong-Bin Cheng, Cheng-Peng Sun, Ya-Li Wang, Meng-Yue Zhang, Tian-Yuan Zhang, Yong Wang, Tian-Mei Yang, Ying-Ying Wu, Yi-Xuan Zhang, Xin-Yu Zhao, Xiao-Chi Ma
A novel 1(2), 2(18)-diseco indole diterpenoid, drechmerin H (1), was isolated from the fermentation broth of Drechmeria sp. together with a new indole diterpenoid, 2'-epi terpendole A (3), and a known analogue, terpendole A (2). Their structures were determined by HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, ECD, and X-ray single crystal diffraction analyses as well as quantum chemical calculation. The abosulte configuration of terpendole A (2) was determined for the first time. Compound 1 displayed the significant agonistic effect on pregnane X receptor (PXR) with EC50 value of 134...
May 9, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775654/targeting-cancer-s-metabolic-co-dependencies-a-landscape-shaped-by-genotype-and-tissue-context
#4
REVIEW
Junfeng Bi, Sihan Wu, Wenjing Zhang, Paul S Mischel
Tumors cells reprogram their metabolism to fuel rapid growth. The ability to trace nutrient fluxes in the context of specific alterations has provided new mechanistic insight into the process of oncogenic transformation. A broad array of complementary genetic, epigenetic, transcriptional and translational mechanisms has been identified, revealing a metabolic landscape of cancer. However, cancer metabolism is not a static or uniform process, including within a single tumor. Tumor cells adapt to changing environmental conditions, profoundly shaping the enzymatic dependencies of individual cells...
May 15, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775578/c-terminal-end-directed-protein-elimination-by-crl2-ubiquitin-ligases
#5
Hsiu-Chuan Lin, Chi-Wei Yeh, Yen-Fu Chen, Ting-Ting Lee, Pei-Yun Hsieh, Domnita V Rusnac, Sung-Ya Lin, Stephen J Elledge, Ning Zheng, Hsueh-Chi S Yen
The proteolysis-assisted protein quality control system guards the proteome from potentially detrimental aberrant proteins. How miscellaneous defective proteins are specifically eliminated and which molecular characteristics direct them for removal are fundamental questions. We reveal a mechanism, DesCEND (destruction via C-end degrons), by which CRL2 ubiquitin ligase uses interchangeable substrate receptors to recognize the unusual C termini of abnormal proteins (i.e., C-end degrons). C-end degrons are mostly less than ten residues in length and comprise a few indispensable residues along with some rather degenerate ones...
May 17, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775475/perceptions-of-community-safety-and-social-activity-participation-among-youth-in-south-africa
#6
Nicole De Wet, Oluwaseyi Somefun, Ndivhuwo Rambau
BACKGROUND: Crime and violence causes massive disruptions to the health, survival and development of populations. In South Africa, incredibly high rates of crime and violence are noted. The country also has a very large youth population whose health, survival and development are key to economic growth. Among other efforts to encourage healthy youth development and the promotion of social activities such as sports, youth groups, choirs and so forth. This study examines the relationship between perceived community safety and the uptake of social activities among youth in South Africa...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775464/biochemical-characterization-of-recbcd-enzyme-from-an-antarctic-pseudomonas-species-and-identification-of-its-cognate-chi-%C3%AF-sequence
#7
Theetha L Pavankumar, Anurag K Sinha, Malay K Ray
Pseudomonas syringae Lz4W RecBCD enzyme, RecBCDPs, is a trimeric protein complex comprised of RecC, RecB, and RecD subunits. RecBCD enzyme is essential for P. syringae growth at low temperature, and it protects cells from low temperature induced replication arrest. In this study, we show that the RecBCDPs enzyme displays distinct biochemical behaviors. Unlike E. coli RecBCD enzyme, the RecD subunit is indispensable for RecBCDPs function. The RecD motor activity is essential for the Chi-like fragments production in P...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775290/manganese-mediated-reductive-transamidation-of-tertiary-amides-with-nitroarenes
#8
Chi Wai Cheung, Jun-An Ma, Xile Hu
Amides are an important class of organic compounds, which have widespread industrial applications. Transamidation of amides is a convenient method to generate new amides from existing ones. Tertiary amides, however, are challenging sub-strates for transamidation. Here we describe an unconvention-al approach to the transamidation of tertiary amides using nitroarenes as the nitrogen source under reductive conditions. Manganese metal alone mediates the reactions and no additional catalyst is required. The method exhibits broad scope and high functional group tolerance...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775130/taxonomy-of-clinical-encounters-during-the-first-90-days-post-delivery-of-an-initial-lower-limb-prosthesis
#9
Daniel Joseph Lee, Michael Wininger, David Mahler, Mark Parisi
BACKGROUND: The incidence and etiology of prosthetic services utilization is poorly understood during the first 90 days post-delivery of the initial lower limb prosthesis. This period is of critical importance, as prevailing policy dictates limits on the reimbursement for certain services provided during this time period. The first step in understanding the financial ramifications of such policy is to examine the taxonomy behind clinical encounters during this tenuous time period. OBJECTIVES: Quantify and categorize clinical encounters by incidence and etiology...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774934/-comparison-of-clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-analysis-between-carcinoma-in-the-remnant-stomach-and-gastric-cancer
#10
Fengke Li, Yimin Wang, Chunfeng Li, Yan Ma, Yongle Zhang, Zhiguo Li, Yingwei Xue
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinicopathological features and prognosis between patients with carcinoma in the remnant stomach (CRS) and with gastric cancer, and to investigate the prognostic factors in CRS patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on clinicopathological data of 96 CRS patients (CRS group) and selected 440 patients with gastric cancer (GC group) treated at Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 1977 to December 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774933/-clinicopathological-characteristics-and-prognostic-factor-analysis-of-carcinoma-in-remnant-stomach-cancer-at-peking-university-cancer-hospital
#11
Yinkui Wang, Ziyu Li, Chenggen Jin, Xiangji Ying, Chao Gao, Yuchen Wang, Qiyan Xiao, Yan Zhang, Yufan Chen, Lianhai Zhang, Jiafu Ji
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interval time to canceration, clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of carcinoma in remnant stomach (CRS) in patients with primary benign diseases or primary malignant tumors. METHODS: Based on the criteria of the definition of CRS proposed by Japanese Gastric Cancer Association in 2017, a retrospective analysis was conducted on clinicopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with CRS at Peking University Cancer Hospital from March 1992 to March 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774577/genome-wide-association-analysis-reveals-novel-loci-for-hypoxia-adaptability-in-tibetan-chicken
#12
S Y Jiang, H Y Xu, Z N Shen, C J Zhao, C Wu
The Tibetan chicken (TBC), an indigenous chicken breed of the Tibetan Plateau, has adapted to its hypoxic, high-altitude environment over hundreds of years. The objective of this study was to identify the polymorphisms and genes associated with adaptation to hypoxia in this chicken breed. In the present study, samples were collected during days 18-21 of the incubation period from both surviving chicks and dead embryos, all of which were hatched under hypoxic conditions. A genome-wide association study was conducted using the Illumina iSelect 60K SNP array with a case-control design, in which the case group consisted of the dead chicken embryos (n = 54) and controls were the surviving chicks (n = 82)...
May 18, 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774533/analysis-of-type-2-diabetes-and-obesity-genetic-variants-in-mexican-pima-indians-marked-allelic-differentiation-among-amerindians-at-hla
#13
Wen-Chi Hsueh, Peter H Bennett, Julian Esparza-Romero, Rene Urquidez-Romero, Mauro E Valencia, Eric Ravussin, Robert C Williams, William C Knowler, Leslie J Baier, Leslie O Schulz, Robert L Hanson
Prevalence of diabetes and obesity in Mexican Pima Indians is low, while prevalence in US Pima Indians is high. Although lifestyle likely accounts for much of the difference, the role of genetic factors is not well explored. To examine this, we genotyped 359 single nucleotide polymorphisms, including established type 2 diabetes and obesity variants from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and 96 random markers, in 342 Mexican Pimas. A multimarker risk score of obesity variants was associated with body mass index (BMI; β = 0...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774073/polypyrrole-chitosan-conductive-biomaterial-synchronizes-cardiomyocyte-contraction-and-improves-myocardial-electrical-impulse-propagation
#14
Zhi Cui, Nathan C Ni, Jun Wu, Guo-Qing Du, Sheng He, Terrence M Yau, Richard D Weisel, Hsing-Wen Sung, Ren-Ke Li
Background: The post-myocardial infarction (MI) scar interrupts electrical impulse propagation and delays regional contraction, which contributes to ventricular dysfunction. We investigated the potential of an injectable conductive biomaterial to restore scar tissue conductivity and re-establish synchronous ventricular contraction. Methods: A conductive biomaterial was generated by conjugating conductive polypyrrole (PPY) onto chitosan (CHI) backbones. Trypan blue staining of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) cultured on biomaterials was used to evaluate the biocompatibility of the conductive biomaterials...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774066/caveolae-mediated-mesenchymal-stem-cell-labelling-by-pss-coated-plga-pfob-nano-contrast-agent-for-mri
#15
Hieu Vu Quang, Chi-Chih Chang, Ping Song, Ellen-Margrethe Hauge, Jørgen Kjems
Rationale: Non-invasive tracking of transplanted cells is critical in evaluating delivery, migration and prognosis of cell therapies. Methods: We formulated a nano-contrast agent consisting of a perfluorooctylbromide (PFOB) core within a shell of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) followed by a coat of polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) for 19 F MRI. The nano-contrast agent (PSS-NP) was characterised by DLS and the uptake efficiency of the nano-contrast agent (PSS-NP) was tested using flow cytometry, in vitro MRI and confocal microscopy...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773820/genetic-diversity-of-prrsv-1-in-central-eastern-europe-in-1994-2014-origin-and-evolution-of-the-virus-in-the-region
#16
Gyula Balka, Katarzyna Podgórska, Manreetpal Singh Brar, Ádám Bálint, Daniel Cadar, Vladimir Celer, Lilla Dénes, Zuzana Dirbakova, Anna Jedryczko, Lázár Márton, Dinko Novosel, Tamaš Petrović, Ivo Sirakov, Dóra Szalay, Ivan Toplak, Frederick Chi-Ching Leung, Tomasz Stadejek
More than 20 years after the first outbreaks, the phylogenetic picture of PRRSV is still incomplete and full of gaps, especially in regards of PRRSV 1. Due to the exceptional diversity observed at the eastern borders of Europe and the low number of available sequences from Central Eastern European countries, the authors collected and analyzed both recent as well as already submitted sequences comparing them to a large backbone set of available ORF5 sequences representing the full spectrum of PRRSV 1 Subtype 1 diversity to conduct a systematic phylogenetic analysis and reclassification elucidating the diversity of the virus in these countries...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773712/acute-kidney-injury-and-risk-of-heart-failure-and-atherosclerotic-events
#17
Alan S Go, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Jingrong Yang, Thida C Tan, Sijie Zheng, Juan D Ordonez, Kathleen D Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: AKI in the hospital is common and is associated with excess mortality. We examined whether AKI is also independently associated with a higher risk of different cardiovascular events in the first year after discharge. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a cohort between 2006 and 2013 with follow-up through 2014, within Kaiser Permanente Northern California. We identified all adults admitted to 21 hospitals who had one or more in-hospital serum creatinine test result and survived to discharge...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773671/targeted-inhibition-of-cd74-attenuates-adipose-cox-2-mif-mediated-m1-macrophage-polarization-and-retards-obesity-related-adipose-tissue-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance
#18
Pei-Chi Chan, Ting-Ni Wu, Ying-Chuan Chen, Chieh-Hua Lu, Martin Wabitsch, Yu-Feng Tian, Po-Shiuan Hsieh
Adipose tissue (AT) inflammation is crucial to the development of obesity-associated insulin resistance. Our aim was to investigate the contribution of COX-2/MIF-mediated crosstalk between hypertrophic adipocytes and macrophages to the etiology of AT inflammation and involvement of CD74 using human SGBS adipocytes, THP-1 macrophages and mice fed a high-fat (HF) diet. The MIF and CD74 mRNA levels in the adipocytes and SVCs (stromal vascular cells) of white fat were highly correlated with body weight, HOMA-IR and adipose macrophage marker expression levels, especially those in SVCs...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773598/concomitant-wt1-mutations-predict-poor-prognosis-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-patients-with-double-mutant-cebpa
#19
Feng-Ming Tien, Hsin-An Hou, Jih-Luh Tang, Yuan-Yeh Kuo, Chien-Yuan Chen, Cheng-Hong Tsai, Ming Yao, Chien-Ting Lin, Chi-Cheng Li, Shang-Yi Huang, Bor-Sheng Ko, Szu-Chun Hsu, Shang-Ju Wu, Jia-Hau Liu, Sheng-Chieh Chou, Woei Tsay, Mei-Hsuan Tseng, Ming-Chih Liu, Chia-Wen Liu, Liang-In Lin, Wen-Chien Chou, Hwei-Fang Tien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773426/stem-cell-transcription-factor-sox2-in-synovial-sarcoma-and-other-soft-tissue-tumors
#20
Heba Zayed, Iver Petersen
BACKGROUND: SOX2 has gained considerable interest as a pluripotency inducing gene. Co-transfection of SOX2 together with NANOG, KLF4 and c-MYC into adult fibroblasts was able to generate pluripotent stem cells. SOX2 has been reported to be expressed in synovial sarcoma, a tumor being characterized by the SS18-SSX gene fusion forming part of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex that affects histone methylation. The role of SOX2 in this tumor type as well as other soft tissue tumor entities however is still poorly characterized...
May 4, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
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