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Kaisy Pereira Martins, Tatiana Ferreira da Costa, Thayris Mariano de Medeiros, Maria das Graças Melo Fernandes, Inácia Sátiro Xavier de França, Kátia Nêyla de Freitas Macêdo Costa
This study aimed at evaluating the internal structure of Family Health Units in relation to the access of people with physical and/or sensory disabilities. It is a descriptive, exploratory, population-based research, held in Family Health Units of the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. For the collection of data, a checklist based on Technical Standard 9050 was used. For the analysis, the descriptive and exploratory analysis of the data and the Chi-square test were applied. As a result, of the 90 buildings evaluated, only 47...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jamilly da Silva Aragão, Inacia Sátiro Xavier de França, Alexsandro Silva Coura, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Bertha Cruz Enders
Objective: to analyze the conditions that enhance the dimensions of individual, social and programmatic vulnerability associated with sexually transmitted infections in physically disabled people. Methods: this transversal study, with a quantitative approach, was conducted in 2015 in conjunction with an association for disabled people in Campina Grande, PB, Brazil. Ninety-eight individuals participated in the study and answered a questionnaire regarding the dimensions of vulnerability in relation to sexually transmitted infections...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Thaís Flôr da Rocha, Juliana Gibbon Neves, Karin Viegas
Objective: to identify the severity of patients admitted to an emergency trauma. Method: A cross-sectional and retrospective study with 115 trauma patients classified as orange (Manchester System), from June 2013 to July 2014. The data were presented as mean and standard deviation, in addition to the Pearson Chi-square test, One-Way ANOVA and Tukey tests. Results: from the sample, 81.7% were male with mean age of 39.46±19.71 years. Higher incidence of major trauma (48...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Laura Lucinda Bezerra Silva, Katia Virginia Oliveira Feliciano, Lorena Novaes Ferraz Pacheco Oliveira, Evelyne Nascimento Pedrosa, Maria Suely Medeiros Corrêa, Ariani Impieri Souza
Objective: To evaluate women's care during home visits for the "First Comprehensive Care Week". Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a specialized service in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. A total of 190 women who had recently given birth enrolled at the Family Health Strategy answered the questionnaire between September and December 2013 to verify the association between home visits and the investigated variables. This association was verified using the chi-square test with a confidence level of 95%...
October 24, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Leila Nikniaz, Zeinab Nikniaz
BACKGROUND: This population-based study aimed at investigating the prevalence and associated factors of prehypertension/hypertension in Iran. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The data (n = 2818) for this study were collected in 2015 as a part of the major Lifestyle Promotion Project (LPP) conducted in East Azerbaijan (urban and regional parts). The data for socio-demographic status, dietary information, and physical activity and anxiety levels were collected through validated questionnaires...
2016: PloS One
Sheng-Heng Chung, Chi-Hao Chang, Arumugam Manthiram
Sulfur exhibits a high theoretical capacity of 1,675 mA h g-1 via a distinct conversion reaction, which is different from the insertion reactions in commercial lithium-ion batteries. In consideration of its conversion-reaction battery chemistry, a custom design for electrode materials could establish the way for attaining high-loading capability while simultaneously maintaining high electrochemical utilization and stability. In this study, this process is undertaken by introducing carbon cotton as an attractive electrode-containment material for enhancing the dynamic and static stabilities of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries...
October 26, 2016: ACS Nano
Alessandro Lamorte, Enrico Boero, Paola Crida, Abdul R Conteh, Marco Foletti, Paolo Narcisi
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic tools available in low-income countries are often really basic even if patients can be as sick as those of the richer countries. Point-of-care ultrasound could be a solution for this problem. We studied the impact of ultrasound at the Holy Spirit Hospital, Makeni, Sierra Leone. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational study on outpatients presenting at the HSH. We enrolled continually for 1 month 105 patients asked for ultrasound examination by the caring physician that had to indicate the differential diagnosis hypothesized, the confidence degree about these on a 5-point Likert scale, and the therapy before and after the US...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Philip W Chiu, Anthony Y Teoh, Vivien W Wong, Hon Chi Yip, Shannon M Chan, Simon K Wong, Enders K Ng
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is technically challenging. Da Vinci Robotic system could improve surgical dissection with additional degree of freedom from robotic arms. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of performing MIE using Da Vinci Robotic system among patients with esophageal cancers. From 2009 to 2013, consecutive patients with esophageal cancers who received robotic-assisted MIE were recruited. We excluded tumors with suspected invasion to adjacent organs. Preoperative staging included EUS, CT thorax and abdomen and bronchoscopy...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Sarah Kado, W L William Chang, Aimy Nguyen Chi, Monika Wolny, David M Shepherd, Christoph F A Vogel
Currently, it is not well understood how ligands of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) modify inflammatory responses triggered by Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists in human dendritic cells (DCs). Here, we show that AhR ligands 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), the tryptophan derivatives 6-formylindolo[3,2-b] carbazole (FICZ), kynurenine (kyn), and the natural dietary compound indole-3-carbinol (I3C) differentially modify cytokine expression in human monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs). The results show that TLR-activated MoDCs express higher levels of AhR and are more sensitive toward the effects of AhR ligands...
October 25, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Xin Tan, Peng Fang, Jie An, Huan Lin, Yi Liang, Wen Shen, Xi Leng, Chi Zhang, Yanting Zheng, Shijun Qiu
INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have usually been found cognitive impairment associated with brain white matter (WM) abnormalities. However, findings have varied across studies, and any potential relationship with Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the whole-brain WM integrity of T2DM patients and to compare our findings with those of published AD cases. METHODS: In this study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) combined with tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) to investigate whole-brain WM abnormalities in 48 T2DM patients and 48 healthy controls...
October 25, 2016: Neuroradiology
Su Niu, Long Cheng, Yan Qiao, Yu-Fei Fu, Chi Cao
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the clinical effectiveness of combined stent insertion and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for patients with malignant obstructive jaundice (MOJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to May 2015, consecutive patients with inoperable MOJ underwent biliary stent with or without HIFU ablation in our center. Treatment-related complications, stent patency time, and survival time were compared between 2 groups. RESULTS: During the enrolled time, a total of 51 patients with MOJ underwent biliary stent with HIFU ablation (n=24) or biliary stent only (n=27) in our center...
October 25, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Caroline A Yao, Jordan Swanson, Dayana Chanson, Trisa B Taro, Barrie Gura, Jane C Figueiredo, Heather Wipfli, Kristin Hatcher, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Despite health system advances, residents of low- and middle-income countries continue to experience substantial barriers in accessing health care, particularly for specialized care such as plastic and reconstructive surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey of patients seeking surgical care for cleft lip and/or cleft palate was completed at five Operation Smile International mission sites throughout Vietnam (Hanoi, Nghe An, Hue, Ho Chi Minh City, An Giang, and Bac Lieu) in November of 2014...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Troy A Pittman, Kenneth L Fan, Megan A Rudolph
BACKGROUND: Although literature and case reports regarding anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) continue to increase, changes in plastic surgery practice patterns have not been assessed. METHODS: A 19-question survey was sent electronically to U.S. and international board-certified plastic surgeons. Data were analyzed using chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1383 surgeons (U.S., 715; international, 668) responded, at a rate of 13...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Da Qin Zhan, Xing Chen, Rong Wang, Jing Zhang, Dan Yu Zhao, Shu Jing Zhang, Zhi Feng Wang, Rui Jun Ma, Bo Hou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the diagnostic significance of appendiceal orifice inflammation (AOI) in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined data from patients with colitis from May 2010 to January 2014 and assigned them to two groups: UC cases and specific colitis cases. First, we clarified the difference in the AOI+ rate between the two groups. Thereafter, imaging findings of all the patients with colitis were re-examined...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Elizabeth Gathoni Kibaru, Amos Magembe Otara
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality has remained high in Kenya despite various efforts being applied to reduce this negative trend. Early detection of neonatal illness is an important step towards improving new born survival. Toward this end there is need for the mothers to be able to identify signs in neonates that signifies severe neonatal illnesses. The objective of the study was to determine the level of knowledge of mothers attending well baby clinics on postnatal neonatal danger signs and determine the associated factors...
October 25, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Laura McGowan, Gerda K Pot, Alison M Stephen, Fiona Lavelle, Michelle Spence, Monique Raats, Lynsey Hollywood, Dawn McDowell, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase cooking skills (CS) and food skills (FS) as a route to improving overall diet are popular within public health. This study tested a comprehensive model of diet quality by assessing the influence of socio-demographic, knowledge- and psychological-related variables alongside perceived CS and FS abilities. The correspondence of two measures of diet quality further validated the Eating Choices Index (ECI) for use in quantitative research. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a quota-controlled nationally representative sample of 1049 adults aged 20-60 years drawn from the Island of Ireland...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Sergio Agudelo, Oscar Gamboa, Fabio Rodríguez, Sandra Cala, Nathalie Gualdrón, Evelyn Obando, María Lucía Padrón
BACKGROUND: Human lactancy is a simple and cost-effective strategy that influences infant and maternal mortality rates. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an immediate postpartum period strategy that has proven to benefit the initiation and continuation of human lactation and to decrease hospitalization during the first week of life. This study aims to determine the effect of SSC initiation at birth (immediate versus early) in healthy, full-term newborns treated at the Universidad de La Sabana Clinic on the duration of exclusive human lactation...
October 26, 2016: Trials
Samantha A Ramsay, Marissa Rudley, Luke E Tonnemaker, William J Price
OBJECTIVES: Fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) is below recommendations and fruit and vegetable liking (FVL) is associated with intake. Greater understanding of college student FVL and FVI is needed; therefore, the study objectives were to compare reported FVL and frequency of FVI in adulthood to recollection of FVL and frequency of fruit and vegetable offering (FVO) in childhood and identify factors related to FVL and FVI in college students. METHODS: A retrospective survey was administered via e-mail to randomly selected college students (18-25 years) from 2 Northwestern universities (n = 676)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Tien Lam Pham, Hiori Kino, Kiyoyuki Terakura, Takashi Miyake, Hieu Chi Dam
We demonstrate that knowledge of chemical physics on a materials system can be automatically extracted from first-principles calculations using a data mining technique; this information can then be utilized to construct a simple empirical atomic potential model. By using unsupervised learning of the generative Gaussian mixture model, physically meaningful patterns of atomic local chemical environments can be detected automatically. Based on the obtained information regarding these atomic patterns, we propose a chemical-structure-dependent linear mixture model for estimating the atomic potential energy...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Tai-Na Wu, Kun-Hsien Lin, Ying-Ta Wu, Jing-Rong Huang, Jung-Tung Hung, Jen-Chine Wu, Chien-Yu Chen, Kuo-Ching Chu, Nan-Horng Lin, Alice L Yu, Chi-Huey Wong
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) bearing the α-galactosyl head group and the acyl chain terminated with a phenyl derivative were found to be more potent than α-galactosyl ceramide (αGalCer) to stimulate both murine and human invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells and to induce antibody isotope switch to IgG. In this study, we replaced the galactosyl group with glucose (αGlc) and its fluoro-analogs, and found that phenyl GSLs with αGlc (C34-Glc) and its fluoro-analog 6F-C34-Glc were stronger than those with αGal in stimulating human iNKT cells but weaker in mice...
October 26, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
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