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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778923/quantitative-proteomic-profiling-indicates-the-difference-in-reproductive-efficiency-between-meishan-and-duroc-boar-spermatozoa
#1
Li Xinhong, Linqing Zhen, Jieli Fu, Lirui Wang, Qiangzhen Yang, Peifei Li, Yuhua Li
The reproductive efficiency of Meishan pigs is higher than that of Duroc pigs, but the underlying molecular mechanism for this disparity remains unclear. No systematic quantitative proteomics studies, comparing global proteins in Meishan and Duroc boar spermatozoa have been reported. Therefore, we applied iTRAQ labeling coupled with mass spectrometry, and analyzed the differences in proteins between Meishan and Duroc sperm. In the present study, a total of 1597 proteins were quantified. Of these proteins, 190 showed statistically significant fold changes between Meishan and Duroc spermatozoa...
April 30, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778133/study-of-acute-kidney-injury-on-309-hypertensive-inpatients-with-acei-arb-diuretic-treatment
#2
Qiaochao Chen, Shaofang Zhu, Jianjun Liao, Wen He
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients found to be hypertensive during hospitalization who were prescribed angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor antagonists (ARB) + diuretic combinations, in order to determine which type of diuretic or combination of diuretics used in ACE/ARB-treated patients leads to a higher risk of acute kidney injury. METHOD: Data on basic information, medical history, diagnostic information and medications prescribed were obtained from the patients' medical records...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777848/effects-on-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-of-adherence-to-guideline-recommended-therapy-4-years-after-lower-extremity-arterial-revascularization
#3
M Thiney, N Della Schiava, R Ecochard, P Feugier, P Lermusiaux, A Millon, A Long
OBJECTIVES: All patients with lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (LE-PAD) should benefit from recommended pharmacologic therapies including antiplatelet agents, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) or Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB), and HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors (statins). In the present study, this triple therapy was defined as the best medical treatment. This study was designed to determine the current risk for cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality and also to evaluate the effect of pharmacologic treatment on patient's survival, CV events and additional vascular surgery in vascularized LE-PAD patients...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777610/phenolic-rich-extracts-of-eurycoma-longifolia-and-cylicodiscus-gabunensis-inhibit-enzymes-responsible-for-the-development-of-erectile-dysfunction-and-are-antioxidants
#4
Ganiyu Oboh, Adeniyi A Adebayo, Ayokunle O Ademosun
BACKGROUND: Herbs have been used from ages to manage male sexual dysfunction. Hence, this study sought to investigate the effects of Eurycoma longifolia (EL) and Cylicodiscus gabunensis (CG) stem bark extracts on some enzymes implicated in erectile dysfunction in vitro. METHODS: The extracts were prepared, and their effects on phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), arginase, and angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE) as well as pro-oxidant-induced lipid peroxidation were assessed...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777284/current-drug-therapy-for-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction
#5
D Berliner, M Hallbaum, J Bauersachs
The prevalence of heart failure has been steadily increasing during the past few years, with a further increase predicted in the years to come. Without treatment, the syndrome of heart failure has a very poor prognosis. Advances in drug treatments and the consequent implementation of a guideline-recommended drug therapy have significantly improved the prognosis in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Besides angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (ACEi) or angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers and diuretics treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists and ivabradine have become standard in the therapy of symptomatic patients with HFrEF...
May 18, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777097/gwas-on-family-history-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Riccardo E Marioni, Sarah E Harris, Qian Zhang, Allan F McRae, Saskia P Hagenaars, W David Hill, Gail Davies, Craig W Ritchie, Catharine R Gale, John M Starr, Alison M Goate, David J Porteous, Jian Yang, Kathryn L Evans, Ian J Deary, Naomi R Wray, Peter M Visscher
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a public health priority for the 21st century. Risk reduction currently revolves around lifestyle changes with much research trying to elucidate the biological underpinnings. We show that self-report of parental history of Alzheimer's dementia for case ascertainment in a genome-wide association study of 314,278 participants from UK Biobank (27,696 maternal cases, 14,338 paternal cases) is a valid proxy for an AD genetic study. After meta-analysing with published consortium data (n = 74,046 with 25,580 cases across the discovery and replication analyses), three new AD-associated loci (P < 5 × 10-8 ) are identified...
May 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776559/angioedema-in-heart-failure-patients-treated-with-sacubitril-valsartan-lcz696-or-enalapril-in-the-paradigm-hf-study
#7
Victor Shi, Michele Senni, Hendrik Streefkerk, Vikas Modgill, Wenchun Zhou, Allen Kaplan
BACKGROUND: PARADIGM-HF demonstrated significant clinical benefits for sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696, an angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor) versus the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) enalapril in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. As inhibition of ACE, and co-inhibition of ACE and neprilysin, may increase the risk of angioedema, this was an adverse event of special interest. METHODS: Following sequential enalapril and sacubitril/valsartan run-ins, patients were randomized to twice-daily sacubitril/valsartan 200 mg or enalapril 10 mg...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774661/what-does-the-acarbose-cardiovascular-evaluation-ace-trial-tell-us
#8
Rury R Holman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772679/antioxidant-and-ace-inhibitory-activity-of-enzymatic-hydrolysates-from-ruditapes-philippinarum
#9
Yue Yu, Fengjiao Fan, Di Wu, Cuiping Yu, Zhenyu Wang, Ming Du
Ruditapes philippinarum proteins were hydrolyzed by trypsin, neutrase, and pepsin. The antioxidant activities and ACE inhibitory activity of hydrolysates were analyzed and the antioxidant activities were related to their molecular weight distribution and amino acid compositions. Results indicated the hydrolysis of proteins led to an increase in small peptides and free amino acids. The antioxidant activities of Ruditapes philippinarum hydrolysates against DPPH radical scavenging, inhibition on linoleic acid peroxidation, and reducing power showed that the neutrase hydrolysate exhibited the strongest antioxidant activity...
May 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772567/the-renin-angiotensin-system-not-the-kinin-kallikrein-system-affects-post-exercise-proteinuria
#10
Günnur Koçer, Filiz Basralı, Oktay Kuru, Ümit Kemal Şentürk
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Temporary proteinuria post-exercise is common and is caused predominantly by renal haemodynamic alterations. One reason is up-regulation of angiotensin II (Ang II) due to the reducing effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. However, another, ignored, reason could be the kininase effect of ACE inhibition. This study investigated how ACE inhibition reduces post-exercise proteinuria: by either Ang II up-regulation inhibition or bradykinin elevation due to kininase activity inhibition...
May 17, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772515/simultaneous-determination-of-nine-neonicotinoids-in-human-urine-using-isotope-dilution-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#11
Quan Zhang, Ximing Wang, Zhe Li, Hangbiao Jin, Zhengbiao Lu, Chang Yu, Yu-Fang Huang, Meirong Zhao
Neonicotinoids (neonics), a class of systemic insecticides, have been frequently detected in pollen, vegetables, and fruits. Recently, an increasing concern has been aroused for human exposure to neonics. However, biological monitoring for quantifying body burden of neonics has rarely been reported. In this study, we developed an isotope-dilution ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method to simultaneously quantify nine neonics, including acetamiprid (ACE), thiamethoxam (THIAM), imidacloprid (IMIP), clothianidin (CLO), flonicamid (FLO), thiacloprid (THIAC), dinotefuran (DIN), nitenpyram (NIT), and imidaclothiz (IMIT) in urine...
May 14, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772394/antimicrobial-resistance-and-genetic-lineages-of-faecal-enterococci-of-wild-birds-emergence-of-vana-and-vanb2-harboring-enterococcus-faecalis
#12
Houssem Ben Yahia, Sarra Chairat, Nabil Hamdi, Haythem Gharsa, Rym Ben Sallem, Sara Ceballos, Carmen Torres, Karim Ben Slama
Migrating birds have been implicated in pathogen dissemination over long-distances. The lack of data on birds' intestinal microbiota makes these animals a promising path to understand their potential role in the transmission of antibiotic resistant bacteria. This work aims to study the diversity of enterococci species and to analyze the antimicrobial resistant phenotypes/genotypes, as well as the genetic lineages of isolates obtained from faecal and pellet samples of colonial wild birds in Tunisia. Seventy-nine enterococci were recovered of 150 wild bird, after inoculation of samples in Slanetz-Bartley agar, and were identified as E...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772277/severity-therapeutic-and-activity-tear-biomarkers-in-dry-eye-disease-a-clinical-trial-sub-analysis
#13
José Pinto-Fraga, Amalia Enríquez-de-Salamanca, Margarita Calonge, María J González-García, Alberto López-Miguel, Alberto López-de la Rosa, Carmen García-Vázquez, Virginia Calder, Michael E Stern, Itziar Fernández
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 0.1%-fluorometholone (FML) on tear inflammatory molecule levels after 22-days treatment in dry eye disease (DED) patients exposed to an adverse controlled environment (ACE), identifying different biomarkers. METHODS: Sub-analysis of a double-masked randomized clinical trial. Forty-one DED patients received 4-drops daily of topical FML (FML-group) or polyvinyl-alcohol (PA-group) for 22 days. At day 21, patients were exposed to an ACE...
May 14, 2018: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767567/impact-of-ntrk2-drd2-and-ace-polymorphisms-on-prolactin-levels-in-antipsychotic-treated-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#14
Patricia Gassó, Sergi Mas, Miquel Bioque, Bibiana Cabrera, Antonio Lobo, Ana González-Pinto, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Iluminada Corripio, Eduard Vieta, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Salvador Sarró, Anna Mané, Julio Sanjuan, Adrián Llerena, Amalia Lafuente, Jerónimo Saiz-Ruiz, Miguel Bernardo
BACKGROUND: Hyperprolactinemia is a common side-effect of antipsychotics (APs), which may trigger serious secondary problems and compromise the adherence to treatment which is crucial for prognosis, especially in patients presenting with a first-episode of psychosis (FEP). AIMS: We evaluated, in some cases for the first time, the effect of polymorphisms in multiple candidate genes on serum prolactin (PRL) levels in an AP-treated FEP cohort recruited in the multicenter PEPs study (Phenotype - genotype and environmental interaction; Application of a predictive model in first psychotic episodes)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767459/long-term-effects-of-patiromer-for-hyperkalaemia-treatment-in-patients-with-mild-heart-failure-and-diabetic-nephropathy-on-angiotensin-converting-enzymes-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-results-from-amethyst-dn
#15
Bertram Pitt, George L Bakris, Matthew R Weir, Mason W Freeman, Mitja Lainscak, Martha R Mayo, Dahlia Garza, Rezi Zawadzki, Lance Berman, David A Bushinsky
AIMS: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in heart failure (HF) increases the risk of hyperkalaemia (HK), limiting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) use. Patiromer is a sodium-free, non-absorbed potassium binder approved for HK treatment. We retrospectively evaluated patiromer's long-term safety and efficacy in HF patients from AMETHYST-DN. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with Type 2 diabetes, CKD, and HK [baseline serum potassium >5...
May 16, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765464/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-inhibition-improves-right-ventricular-function-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jacob Y Cao, Seung Yeon Lee, Kevin Phan, David S Celermajer, Sean Lal
The benefits of inhibiting the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) are well established for left ventricular dysfunction, but remain unknown for right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. The aim of the current meta-analysis is to investigate the role of RAAS inhibition on RV function in those with or at risk of RV dysfunction. Medline, PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched and 12 studies were included for statistical synthesis, comprising 265 RAAS inhibition treatment patients and 265 placebo control patients...
2018: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765306/microglial-activation-is-modulated-by-captopril-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#17
Keren Asraf, Nofar Torika, Ron N Apte, Sigal Fleisher-Berkovich
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is an important peripheral system involved in homeostasis modulation, with angiotensin II (Ang II) serving as the main effector hormone. The main enzyme involved in Ang II formation is angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) such as captopril (Cap) are predominantly used for the management of hypertension. All of the components of the RAS have also been identified in brain. Centrally located hormones such as Ang II can induce glial inflammation. Moreover, in Alzheimer's disease (AD) models, where glial inflammation occurs and is thought to contribute to the propagation of the disease, increased levels of Ang II and ACE have been detected...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764624/hydrolyzed-proteins-from-herring-and-salmon-rest-raw-material-contain-peptide-motifs-with-angiotensin-i-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-resulted-in-lower-urine-concentrations-of-protein-cystatin-c-and-glucose-when-fed-to-obese-zucker-fa-fa-rats
#18
Aslaug Drotningsvik, Daniela Maria Pampanin, Rasa Slizyte, Ana Carvajal, Ingmar Høgøy, Tore Remman, Oddrun Anita Gudbrandsen
The use of angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is a common strategy for treating kidney disease. Several amino acid sequences with ACE inhibiting activity are identified in filet and rest raw material from various species of fish, and fish protein hydrolysates could be of interest for possible treatment or prevention of kidney disease. Therefore, we hypothesized that protein hydrolysates from rest raw material from herring and salmon contained ACE inhibiting motifs, and could beneficially affect typical markers for kidney function in an obesity rat model prone to developing renal failure...
April 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764603/neuroticism-predicts-all-cause-mortality-over-19-years-the-moderating-effects-on-functional-status-and-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme
#19
Páraic S O'Súilleabháin, Brian M Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To examine if the personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, and openness to experience are related to all-cause mortality in older adults over a follow-up period of 19 years. METHODS: Participants were a locally representative sample of 417 older adults (M ± SD = 84.55 ± 8.62 years). Statistical significance levels for hazard ratios were estimated having adjusted for age, sex, education, income, depressive illness, and personality traits...
July 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763853/text-mining-and-network-analysis-to-find-functional-associations-of-genes-in-high-altitude-diseases
#20
Balu Bhasuran, Devika Subramanian, Jeyakumar Natarajan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Travel to elevations above 2500 m is associated with the risk of developing one or more forms of acute altitude illness such as acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) or high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Our work aims to identify the functional association of genes involved in high altitude diseases. METHOD: In this work we identified the gene networks responsible for high altitude diseases by using the principle of gene co-occurrence statistics from literature and network analysis...
May 2, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
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