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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414668/autoimmune-diabetes-presented-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-induced-by-immunotherapy-in-an-adult-with-melanoma
#1
A A Alzenaidi, J Dendy, L Rejjal
INTRODUCTION: Immunotherapy has been approved for treatment of melanoma. Autoimmune endocrinopathies have been reported in trials involving immunotherapy but autoimmune diabetes has not been definitively linked to them. Here we describe a case of autoimmune diabetes presenting with DKA after receiving combined immunotherapy with anti-CTLA4 and anti-PD1 monoclonal antibodies. CASE: A 47year old gentleman with metastatic melanoma presented to our institution with confusion, abdominal pain and decreased oral intake...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414330/hiv-persistence-in-tissue-macrophages-of-humanized-myeloid-only-mice-during-antiretroviral-therapy
#2
Jenna B Honeycutt, William O Thayer, Caroline E Baker, Ruy M Ribeiro, Steven M Lada, Youfang Cao, Rachel A Cleary, Michael G Hudgens, Douglas D Richman, J Victor Garcia
Despite years of fully suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV persists in its hosts and is never eradicated. One major barrier to eradication is that the virus infects multiple cell types that may individually contribute to HIV persistence. Tissue macrophages are critical contributors to HIV pathogenesis; however, their specific role in HIV persistence during long-term suppressive ART has not been established. Using humanized myeloid-only mice (MoM), we demonstrate that HIV infection of tissue macrophages is rapidly suppressed by ART, as reflected by a rapid drop in plasma viral load and a dramatic decrease in the levels of cell-associated viral RNA and DNA...
April 17, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410714/accuracy-of-3-new-methods-for-intraocular-lens-power-selection
#3
Jack X Kane, Anton Van Heerden, Alp Atik, Constantinos Petsoglou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of 3 new methods for intraocular lens (IOL) power selection (Hill-Radial Basis Function [Hill-RBF] method, FullMonte method, and the Ladas Super Formula) compared with that of the Holladay 1 and Barrett Universal II formulas. SETTING: Ophthalmology Department, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients who had uneventful cataract surgery with insertion of the Acrysof IQ SN60WF IOL over 5 years were included in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399870/the-role-of-traditional-healers-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-burkitt-lymphoma-in-cameroon-understanding-the-challenges-and-moving-forward
#4
Glenn M Afungchwi, Peter B Hesseling, Elena J Ladas
BACKGROUND: Burkittlymphoma(BL) is the most common childhood cancer in Cameroon with a reported incidence of 3 per 100,000 children under 15 years in the Northwest region. Treatment at three Baptist mission hospitals has a recorded cure rate of over 50%. Traditional medicine(TM) is recognized by the national health system, but its scope is undefined and entraps children with BL. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes and practices of parents and traditional healers (TH) towards TM in children with BL in order to develop recommendations for an integrative approach and improved access to life-saving treatment for children with BL...
April 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396876/reduced-histone-h3-lysine-9-methylation-contributes-to-the-pathogenesis-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-via-regulation-of-suv39h2-and-kdm4c
#5
Xi-Yu Liu, Hong Li
Aims. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is an autoimmune disease of which the mechanism is not clear. Emerging evidence suggests that histone methylation contributes to autoimmunity. Methods. Blood CD4(+) T lymphocytes from 26 LADA patients and 26 healthy controls were isolated to detect histone H3 lysine 4 and H3 lysine 9 methylation status. Results. Reduced global H3 lysine 9 methylation was observed in LADA patients' CD4(+) T lymphocytes, compared to healthy controls (P < 0.05). H3 lysine 4 methylation was not statistically different...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390721/microstructure-and-textural-and-viscoelastic-properties-of-model-processed-cheese-with-different-dry-matter-and-fat-in-dry-matter-content
#6
Michaela Černíková, Jana Nebesářová, Richardos Nikolaos Salek, Lada Řiháčková, František Buňka
The aim of this work was to examine the effect of a different dry matter (DM) contents (35 and 45% wt/wt) and fat in DM contents (40 and 50% wt/wt) on the textural and viscoelastic properties and microstructure of model processed cheeses made from real ingredients regularly used in the dairy industry. A constant DM content and constant fat in DM content were kept throughout the whole study. Apart from the basic chemical parameters, textural and viscoelastic properties of the model samples were measured and scanning electron microscopy was carried out...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379129/primary-hydatid-cyst-of-the-pancreas
#7
REVIEW
Paul Eduardo Lada, Diego Termengo, Gonzalos Cáceres, Carlos Sanchez Tacone, Fabian Caballero, Pablo Sonzini Astudillo
Hydatid cyst of the pancreas is a rare location of this disease. We study the case of a female patient with primary hydatid cyst of the pancreas coming from and endemic area and presenting pain and palpable tumor in epigastrium and right upper abdomen. The patient was studied with ultrasound scanning and CT scan in which it was interpreted as hydatid liver cyst. Pancreatic location was determined in surgery. Primary hydatid cyst of the pancreas must be taken into account as differential diagnosis with cystic lesions of the pancreas...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369962/biological-activities-of-undescribed-north-american-lichen-species
#8
Erik A Yeash, Lyndon Letwin, Lada Malek, Zacharias Suntres, Kerry Knudsen, Lew P Christopher
BACKGROUND: Lichens provide a large array of compounds with the potential for pharmaceutical development. In the present study, extracts from three previously undescribed North American lichen species were examined for antioxidant, antibacterial and anticancer activities. RESULTS: The results from this study demonstrated the following: 1) Acarospora socialis ethanol extract exhibited significant DPPH antioxidant scavenging activities which were concentration-dependent; 2) the acetone and ethyl acetate extracts of Xanthoparmelia mexicana inhibited Gram-positive bacteria but had no effect on Gram-negative bacteria; the X...
April 2, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361176/electrophysiological-assessment-for-early-detection-of-retinal-dysfunction-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-patients
#9
Maria Dettoraki, Antonis Kattamis, Ioannis Ladas, Konstantinos Maragkos, Chryssanthi Koutsandrea, Klio Chatzistefanou, Konstantinos Laios, Dimitrios Brouzas, Marilita M Moschos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the role of various diagnostic tests in early detection of retinal changes in β-thalassemia major patients. METHODS: Thirty-eight visually asymptomatic β-thalassemia major patients receiving regular blood transfusions and iron-chelation therapy with deferoxamine (group A, n = 13), deferasirox (group B, n = 11) or deferoxamine with deferiprone (group C, n = 14) and fourteen age- and sex- matched healthy individuals were included in the study...
March 30, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347695/association-of-sarcopenia-with-both-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-and-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ryotaro Bouchi, Tatsuya Fukuda, Takato Takeuchi, Yujiro Nakano, Masanori Murakami, Isao Minami, Hajime Izumiyama, Koshi Hashimoto, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Yoshihiro Ogawa
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association of both latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with muscle mass and function (sarcopenia). METHODS: Japanese patients with LADA (N=20), T2DM (N=208), and control subjects (N=41) were included in this cross-sectional study. The definition of LADA was based on age of onset (≥30), positive glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies, and insulin requirement within the first 6months after diagnosis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316757/antigenotoxic-properties-of-agaricus-blazei-against-hydrogen-peroxide-in-human-peripheral-blood-cells
#11
Lada Živković, Sunčica Borozan, Andrea Čabarkapa, Dijana Topalović, Ummi Ciptasari, Vladan Bajić, Biljana Spremo-Potparević
The ability of Agaricus blazei mushroom in its dried and powdered mycelial form was evaluated for its antigenotoxic properties for the first time. Antigenotoxic effects in human peripheral blood cells against H2O2-induced DNA damage were examined in pretreatment and posttreatment protocol by comet assay. The results showed better antigenotoxic properties of Agaricus blazei on the interventional level, respectively, after treatment. Agaricus blazei in concentration of 250 μg/mL after treatment was most efficient in regard to its action against DNA damage...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274246/decreased-cytokine-production-by-mononuclear-cells-after-severe-gram-negative-infections-early-clinical-signs-and-association-with-final-outcome
#12
Nikolaos Antonakos, Thomas Tsaganos, Volker Oberle, Iraklis Tsangaris, Malvina Lada, Aikaterini Pistiki, Nikolaos Machairas, Maria Souli, Michael Bauer, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis
BACKGROUND: Failure of circulating monocytes for adequate cytokine production is a trait of sepsis-induced immunosuppression; however, its duration and association with final outcome are poorly understood. METHODS: We conducted a substudy of a large randomised clinical trial. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated within the first 24 h from the onset of systemic inflammatory response syndrome in 95 patients with microbiologically confirmed or clinically suspected gram-negative infections...
March 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260301/-identification-of-hla-class-%C3%A2-susceptible-alleles-and-genotypes-in-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults
#13
N N Yin, S M Luo, J Lin, Z G Xie, G Huang, X Li, P L Zheng, J P Wang, Z G Zhou
Objective: To identify human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 susceptible alleles and genotypes in latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) patients of Chinese Han nationality. Methods: All subjects including 652 LADA patients and 1 181 healthy controls from 1999 to 2015 in Han nationality region of Hunan province were genotyped with high resolution at HLA-DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 locus by PCR-sequence based typing (PCR-SBT). Frequencies of genotypes between patients and controls were compared by chi square test...
February 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244653/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-used-with-curative-intent-in-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review
#14
Caroline Diorio, Kristen Salena, Elena J Ladas, Catherine G Lam, Glenn M Afungcwhi, Festus Njuguna, Stacey Marjerrison
Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) strategies are widely utilized in pediatric oncology, with many families reporting T&CM use with the intention to cure cancer. Study of T&CM agents presents many challenges, as a heterogeneous group of agents and techniques are used for a variety of different purpose in many different oncologic conditions. We present a systematic review of the literature examining published reports in which T&CM agents are used with an intention of cure. Twenty-two reports were identified, with most reports being of poor quality...
February 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198081/latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-in-asian-and-european-populations
#15
REVIEW
Alok Kumar, Alberto de Leiva
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder caused by relative or absolute insulin deficiency and characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia. It is expected that by year 2025, 80% of all type 2 diabetic patients will be living in developing or low- and middle-income countries. Among Asians, there has been an overall increase in abdominal obesity; however, the risk of diabetes in these populations starts at much lower body mass index as compared to Caucasians. A significant proportion of diabetic patients with adult-onset, initially nonrequiring insulin treatment, have diabetes-associated autoantibodies in their sera...
February 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176457/predictors-of-acupuncture-use-among-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#16
Sagar K Chokshi, Elena J Ladas, Katherine Taromina, Douglas McDaniel, Diane Rooney, Zhezhen Jin, Wei-Chun Hsu, Kara M Kelly
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the application of acupuncture in pediatric oncology is limited. We investigated the acceptance of acupuncture and factors associated with its use among children and adolescents with cancer. METHODS: Ninety acupuncture-naïve children receiving cancer treatment at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) provided consent/assent for participation. Participants could choose to receive or refuse integrative services offered at CUMC. Symptoms were collected for a 6-month period with the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS)...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172665/p279-children-born-to-mothers-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-there-any-risk-for-newborns-complication-and-development-during-the-childhood
#17
K Farkas, K Szántό, N Vass, D Szűcs, A Demcsák, S Lada, T Nyári, A Milassin, M Rutka, R Bor, A Bálint, A Fábián, F Nagy, Z Szepes, A Marik, T Molnár
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148207/clinical-cancer-advances-2017-annual-report-on-progress-against-cancer-from-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology
#18
Harold J Burstein, Lada Krilov, Jeanny B Aragon-Ching, Nancy N Baxter, E Gabriela Chiorean, Warren Allen Chow, John Frederick De Groot, Steven Michael Devine, Steven G DuBois, Wafik S El-Deiry, Andrew S Epstein, John Heymach, Joshua Adam Jones, Deborah K Mayer, Rebecca A Miksad, Nathan A Pennell, Michael S Sabel, Richard L Schilsky, Lynn Mara Schuchter, Nadine Tung, Karen Marie Winkfield, Lori J Wirth, Don S Dizon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139970/hemodialysis-refractory-metformin-associated-lactate-acidosis-with-hypoglycemia-hypothermia-and-bradycardia-in-a-diabetic-patient-with-belated-diagnosis-and-chronic-kidney-disease%C3%A2
#19
Lada Zibar, Karin Zibar
Metformin is a first-line oral antidiabetic therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin-associated lactate acidosis (MALA) is a well-known, life-threatening, but rare side effect of metformin therapy. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a much greater risk of MALA. We report the case of a severe refractory MALA despite hemodialysis (HD) treatment, associated with hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and bradycardia in a neglected and thus untimely-recognized CKD patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114807/inverse-relationship-between-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-migraine-data-from-the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-surveys-1995-1997-and-2006-2008
#20
Knut Hagen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Kristian Midthjell, Lars Jacob Stovner, John-Anker Zwart, Mattias Linde
Aims The aim of this cross-sectional population-based study was to investigate the associations between migraine and type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods We used data from the second (1995-1997) and third survey (2006-2008) in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Analyses were made for the 26,121 participants (30-97 years of age, median 58.3 years) with known headache and DM status in both surveys, and for the 39,584 participants in the third survey (20-97 years, median 54.1 years). The diagnosis of migraine was given to those who fulfilled the questionnaire-based migraine diagnosis in the second and/or third survey...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
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