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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198081/latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-in-asian-and-european-populations
#1
REVIEW
Alok Kumar, Alberto de Leiva
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder caused by relative or absolute insulin deficiency and characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia. It is expected that by year 2025, 80% of all Type 2 Diabetic patients will be living in developing or low and middle income countries. Among Asians, there has been an overall increase in abdominal obesity however, the risk of diabetes in these populations starts at much lower body mass index (BMI) as compared to Caucasians. A significant proportion of diabetic patients with adult-onset, initially non-requiring insulin treatment, depicts diabetes-associated autoantibodies in their sera...
February 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176457/predictors-of-acupuncture-use-among-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#2
Sagar K Chokshi, Elena J Ladas, Katherine Taromina, Douglas McDaniel, Diane Rooney, Zhezhen Jin, Wei-Chun Hsu, Kara M Kelly
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the application of acupuncture in pediatric oncology is limited. We investigated the acceptance of acupuncture and factors associated with its use among children and adolescents with cancer. METHODS: Ninety acupuncture-naïve children receiving cancer treatment at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) provided consent/assent for participation. Participants could choose to receive or refuse integrative services offered at CUMC. Symptoms were collected for a 6-month period with the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS)...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172665/p279-children-born-to-mothers-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-there-any-risk-for-newborns-complication-and-development-during-the-childhood
#3
K Farkas, K Szántό, N Vass, D Szűcs, A Demcsák, S Lada, T Nyári, A Milassin, M Rutka, R Bor, A Bálint, A Fábián, F Nagy, Z Szepes, A Marik, T Molnár
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148207/clinical-cancer-advances-2017-annual-report-on-progress-against-cancer-from-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology
#4
Harold J Burstein, Lada Krilov, Jeanny B Aragon-Ching, Nancy N Baxter, E Gabriela Chiorean, Warren Allen Chow, John Frederick De Groot, Steven Michael Devine, Steven G DuBois, Wafik S El-Deiry, Andrew S Epstein, John Heymach, Joshua Adam Jones, Deborah K Mayer, Rebecca A Miksad, Nathan A Pennell, Michael S Sabel, Richard L Schilsky, Lynn Mara Schuchter, Nadine Tung, Karen Marie Winkfield, Lori J Wirth, Don S Dizon
A MESSAGE FROM ASCO'S PRESIDENT I am pleased to present Clinical Cancer Advances 2017, which highlights the most promising advances in patient-oriented cancer research over the past year. The report gives us an opportunity to reflect on what an exciting time it is for cancer research and how swiftly our understanding of cancer has improved. One year ago, the White House announced the national Cancer Moonshot program to accelerate progress against cancer. This shared vision of progress has reinvigorated the research community, identified new areas of scientific collaboration, and raised our ambitions regarding what may be possible beyond the progress we have already made...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139970/hemodialysis-refractory-metformin-associated-lactate-acidosis-with-hypoglycemia-hypothermia-and-bradycardia-in-a-diabetic-patient-with-belated-diagnosis-and-chronic-kidney-disease%C3%A2
#5
Lada Zibar, Karin Zibar
Metformin is a first-line oral antidiabetic therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin-associated lactate acidosis (MALA) is a well-known, life-threatening, but rare side effect of metformin therapy. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a much greater risk of MALA. We report the case of a severe refractory MALA despite hemodialysis (HD) treatment, associated with hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and bradycardia in a neglected and thus untimely-recognized CKD patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114807/inverse-relationship-between-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-migraine-data-from-the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-surveys-1995-1997-and-2006-2008
#6
Knut Hagen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Kristian Midthjell, Lars Jacob Stovner, John-Anker Zwart, Mattias Linde
Aims The aim of this cross-sectional population-based study was to investigate the associations between migraine and type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods We used data from the second (1995-1997) and third survey (2006-2008) in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Analyses were made for the 26,121 participants (30-97 years of age, median 58.3 years) with known headache and DM status in both surveys, and for the 39,584 participants in the third survey (20-97 years, median 54.1 years). The diagnosis of migraine was given to those who fulfilled the questionnaire-based migraine diagnosis in the second and/or third survey...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088294/suitability-of-small-diagnostic-peripheral-blood-samples-for-cell-therapy-studies
#7
Coralea Stephanou, Panayiota Papasavva, Myria Zachariou, Petros Patsali, Marilena Epitropou, Petros Ladas, Ruba Al-Abdulla, Soteroulla Christou, Michael N Antoniou, Carsten W Lederer, Marina Kleanthous
BACKGROUND AIMS: Primary hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are key components of cell-based therapies for blood disorders and are thus the authentic substrate for related research. We propose that ubiquitous small-volume diagnostic samples represent a readily available and as yet untapped resource of primary patient-derived cells for cell- and gene-therapy studies. METHODS: In the present study we compare isolation and storage methods for HSPCs from normal and thalassemic small-volume blood samples, considering genotype, density-gradient versus lysis-based cell isolation and cryostorage media with different serum contents...
February 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065264/a-new-method-to-determine-the-transmembrane-conformation-of-substrates-in-intramembrane-proteolysis-by-deep-uv-resonance-raman-spectroscopy
#8
J W Cooley, A Abdine, M Brown, J Chavez, B Lada, R D JiJi, I Ubarretxena-Belandia
We present a new method based on deep-UV resonance Raman spectroscopy to determine the backbone conformation of intramembrane protease substrates. The classical amide vibrational modes reporting on the conformation of just the transmembrane region of the substrate can be resolved from solvent exchangeable regions outside the detergent micelle by partial deuteration of the solvent. In the presence of isotopically triple-labeled intramembrane protease, these amide modes can be accurately measured to monitor the transmembrane conformation of the substrate during intramembrane proteolysis...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052296/clinical-and-biochemical-influence-of-prostatic-stones
#9
Tomislav Soric, Mirnes Selimovic, Lada Bakovic, Tatjana Šimurina, Robert Selthofer, Jerka Dumic
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to explore clinical influence of prostatic stones on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), seminal plasma cytokines, and serum biomarkers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 men aged ≤50 years with LUTS divided into 2 groups: group with stones (GSt) and group without prostatic stones (GNoSt). All subjects completed the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire and National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) scoring questionnaire...
January 5, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051281/genetic-variation-in-leptin-and-leptin-receptor-genes-is-a-risk-factor-for-idiopathic-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion
#10
Andrijana Müller, Jasenka Wagner, Alenka Hodžić, Aleš Maver, Ivana Škrlec, Marija Heffer, Lada Zibar, Borut Peterlin
AIM: To determine whether maternal leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor (LEPR) gene polymorphisms are associated with idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (IRSA). METHODS: This case-control association study conducted from 2010 to 2012 at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital Center Osijek and Clinical Institute of Medical Genetics Ljubljana included 178 women with a history of three or more IRSAs before the 22nd week of gestation and 145 women with at least two live births and no history of pathologic pregnancies during reproductive period...
December 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011361/unexpected-effect-of-dry-olive-leaf-extract-on-the-level-of-dna-damage-in-lymphocytes-of-lead-intoxicated-workers-before-and-after-cana2edta-chelation-therapy
#11
Andrea Čabarkapa, Dragana Dekanski, Lada Živković, Mirjana Milanović-Čabarkapa, Vladan Bajić, Dijana Topalović, Francesca Giampieri, Massimiliano Gasparrini, Maurizio Battino, Biljana Spremo-Potparević
The CaNa2EDTA chelation therapy is often practiced with antioxidant supplementation. Dry olive leaf extract (DOLE) is natural product with antioxidant and DNA protective properties. The effects of DOLE on the levels of DNA damage were investigated ex vivo in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) of 19 workers occupationally exposed to lead (Pb), before and after CaNa2EDTA chelation therapy. DOLE demonstrated pronounced radical scavenging activity in concentrations ≥1 mg/mL, and showed no genotoxicity per se, in concentrations 0...
December 21, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005367/size-dependent-structure-relations-between-nanotubes-and-encapsulated-nanocrystals
#12
Andrei A Eliseev, Nikolay S Falaleev, Nikolay I Verbitskiy, Andrei A Volykhov, Lada V Yashina, Andrei S Kumskov, Victoria G Zhigalina, Alexander L Vasiliev, Alexey V Lukashin, Jeremy Sloan, Nikolay A Kiselev
The structural organization of compounds in a confined space of nanometer-scale cavities is of fundamental importance for understanding the basic principles for atomic structure design at the nanolevel. Here, we explore size-dependent structure relations between one-dimensional PbTe nanocrystals and carbon nanotube containers in the diameter range of 2.0-1.25 nm using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and ab initio calculations. Upon decrease of the confining volume, one-dimensional crystals reveal gradual thinning, with the structure being cut from the bulk in either a <110> or a <100> growth direction until a certain limit of ∼1...
January 18, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984548/capillary-nonperfusion-and-photoreceptor-loss-in-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion-spatial-correlation-and-morphologic-characteristics
#13
Menelaos G Kanakis, Konstantina Giannouli, Konstantinos Andreanos, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou, Chrysanthi Koutsandrea, Ioannis Ladas, Ilias Georgalas, Petros Petrou, Athanasios I Kotsolis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the photoreceptor layer in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion associated with macular ischemia, using a method of en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) representation of the ellipsoid zone. METHODS: Customized macular OCT scans of 9 patients (10 eyes) with branch retinal vein occlusion and macular ischemia were exported and subsequently postprocessed (removal of vascular and cystic spaces' shadows, segmentation, and alignment to the retinal pigment epithelium)...
December 14, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979625/a-method-to-identify-drivers-of-societal-change-likely-to-affect-natural-assets-in-the-future-illustrated-with-australia-s-native-biodiversity
#14
D A Pepper, Hania Lada, James R Thomson, K Shuvo Bakar, P S Lake, Ralph Mac Nally
Human society has a profound adverse effect on natural assets as human populations increase and as global climate changes. We need to envisage different futures that encompass plausible human responses to threats and change, and become more mindful of their likely impacts on natural assets. We describe a method for developing a set of future scenarios for a natural asset at national scale under ongoing human population growth and climate change. The method involves expansive consideration of potential drivers of societal change, a reduction of these to form a small set of key drivers to which contrasting settings are assigned, which we use to develop a set of different scenarios...
December 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934986/a-unique-copper-ii-assisted-transformation-of-acetylacetone-dioxime-in-acetone-that-leads-to-one-dimensional-quinoxaline-bridged-coordination-polymers
#15
Zoi G Lada, Amaia Soto Beobide, Aikaterini Savvidou, Catherine P Raptopoulou, Vassilis Psycharis, George A Voyiatzis, Mark M Turnbull, Spyros P Perlepes
The reactions of copper(ii) carboxylate sources with acetylacetone dioxime (acacdoH2) in Me2CO have been studied and a novel, metal ion-assisted ligand transformation has been discovered. The reaction of [Cu2(diba)4(dibaH)2] and acacdoH2 (1 : 1.5) in Me2CO has provided access to the complex {[Cu2(diba)4(qunx)]}n (1) in low yield (25-30%), where dibaH is 3,3-dimethylbutyric acid and qunx is quinoxaline. The [Cu2(piv)4(pivH)2]/acacdoH2 (1 : 1.5) reaction system in warm Me2CO, where pivH is pivalic acid, gave the analogous complex {[Cu2(piv)4(qunx)]}n (2) in moderate yield (∼50%)...
December 20, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931088/sglt2-inhibitors-a-systematic-review-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-related-risk-factors-in-the-primary-literature
#16
Kelly R Burke, Christine A Schumacher, Spencer E Harpe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Currently only minimal information is available regarding risk factors for the development of sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i)-related diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We aim to identify individual patient characteristics associated with cases of SGLT2i-related DKA to better describe potential risk factors. DESIGN: Systematic review of primary literature. PATIENTS: Thirty-four case reports of patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus who developed DKA while receiving an SGLT2i...
December 8, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926472/sweetened-beverage-intake-and-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#17
Josefin E Löfvenborg, Tomas Andersson, Per-Ola Carlsson, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Leif Groop, Mats Martinell, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Alicja Wolk, Sofia Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: Sweetened beverage intake is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but its association with autoimmune diabetes is unclear. We aimed to investigate sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA); autoimmune diabetes with features of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN/METHODS: Data from a Swedish population-based study was used, including incident cases of LADA (n = 357) and type 2 diabetes (n = 1136) and randomly selected controls (n = 1371)...
December 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924834/activation-induced-deaminase-mutational-signature-overlaps-with-cpg-methylation-sites-in-follicular-lymphoma-and-other-cancers
#18
Igor B Rogozin, Artem G Lada, Alexander Goncearenco, Michael R Green, Subhajyoti De, German Nudelman, Anna R Panchenko, Eugene V Koonin, Youri I Pavlov
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an uncurable cancer characterized by progressive severity of relapses. We analyzed sequence context specificity of mutations in the B cells from a large cohort of FL patients. We revealed substantial excess of mutations within a novel hybrid nucleotide motif: the signature of somatic hypermutation (SHM) enzyme, Activation Induced Deaminase (AID), which overlaps the CpG methylation site. This finding implies that in FL the SHM machinery acts at genomic sites containing methylated cytosine...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913577/metabolite-profiling-of-lada-challenges-the-view-of-a-metabolically-distinct-subtype
#19
Mahmoud Al-Majdoub, Arslan Ali, Petter Storm, Anders Rosengren, Leif Groop, Peter Spégel
Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) usually refers to GADAb positive diabetes with onset after 35 years of age and no insulin treatment within the first 6 months after diagnosis. However, it is not always easy to distinguish LADA from type 1 or type 2 diabetes.In this study we examined whether metabolite profiling could help to distinguish LADA (N=50) from type 1 (N=50) and type 2 diabetes (N=50).Out of 123 identified metabolites, 99 differed between the diabetes types. However, no unique metabolite profile could be identified for any of the types...
December 2, 2016: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903892/methylation-sensitive-enrichment-of-minor-dna-alleles-using-a-double-strand-dna-specific-nuclease
#20
Yibin Liu, Chen Song, Ioannis Ladas, Mariana Fitarelli-Kiehl, G Mike Makrigiorgos
Aberrant methylation changes, often present in a minor allelic fraction in clinical samples such as plasma-circulating DNA (cfDNA), are potentially powerful prognostic and predictive biomarkers in human disease including cancer. We report on a novel, highly-multiplexed approach to facilitate analysis of clinically useful methylation changes in minor DNA populations. Methylation Specific Nuclease-assisted Minor-allele Enrichment (MS-NaME) employs a double-strand-specific DNA nuclease (DSN) to remove excess DNA with normal methylation patterns...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
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