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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784570/research-gaps-in-wilderness-medicine
#1
Daniel Tritz, Kody Dormire, Travis Brachtenbach, Joshua Gordon, Donald Sanders, David Gearheart, Julia Crawford, Matt Vassar
INTRODUCTION: Wilderness medicine involves the treatment of individuals in remote, austere environments. Given the high potential for injuries as well as the unique treatment modalities required in wilderness medicine, evidence-based clinical practice guidelines are necessary to provide optimal care. In this study, we identify evidence gaps from low-quality recommendations in wilderness medicine clinical practice guidelines and identify new/ongoing research addressing them. METHODS: We included relevant clinical practice guidelines from the Wilderness Medical Society and obtained all 1C or 2C level recommendations...
May 18, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776346/a-systematic-review-of-the-risk-factors-for-clinical-response-to-opioids-for-all-age-patients-with-cancer-related-pain-and-presentation-of-the-paediatric-stop-pain-study
#2
Ersilia Lucenteforte, Laura Vagnoli, Alessandra Pugi, Giada Crescioli, Niccolò Lombardi, Roberto Bonaiuti, Maurizio Aricò, Sabrina Giglio, Andrea Messeri, Alessandro Mugelli, Alfredo Vannacci, Valentina Maggini
BACKGROUND: Inter-patient variability in response to opioids is well known but a comprehensive definition of its pathophysiological mechanism is still lacking and, more importantly, no studies have focused on children. The STOP Pain project aimed to evaluate the risk factors that contribute to clinical response and adverse drug reactions to opioids by means of a systematic review and a clinical investigation on paediatric oncological patients. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in EMBASE and PubMed up to the 24th of November 2016 following Cochrane Handbook and PRISMA guidelines...
May 18, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738745/efficacy-of-exercise-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Reginald Heywood, Alexandra L McCarthy, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyse the literature surrounding the efficacy of exercise interventions in patients with advanced cancer. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was undertaken of health and medical electronic databases (PubMED, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PEDRO, Web of Science and Scopus) until 1st March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they were published in the English language and met the following criteria: structured exercise as the primary intervention, ≥80% study participants diagnosed with advanced cancer that is unlikely to be cured; reported outcomes concerning physical function, quality of life, fatigue, body composition, psychosocial function, sleep quality pain and/or survival...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734509/efficacy-of-cryoablation-to-control-cancer-pain-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Laura Ferrer-Mileo, Ana Isabel Luque Blanco, Jesús González-Barboteo
CONTEXT: The use of opioids to control cancer pain could be insufficient. Interventional techniques such as a cryoablation have emerged as alternatives to opioids. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the current scientific evidence on the use of cryoablation to control cancer pain. METHODS: A systematic search of the Scopus, Pubmed, and Cochrane databases was performed. All articles published before December 31, 2015 whose title or abstract specified cancer pain control as endpoint were selected...
May 7, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720201/creating-a-positive-perception-of-childbirth-experience-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prenatal-and-intrapartum-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Mahshid Taheri, Amirhossien Takian, Ziba Taghizadeh, Nahid Jafari, Nasrin Sarafraz
BACKGROUND: A negative experience in childbirth is associated with chronic maternal morbidities. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to identify currently available successful interventions to create a positive perception of childbirth experience which can prevent psychological birth trauma. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of interventions in pregnancy or labour which aimed to improve childbirth experience versus usual care were identified from 1994 to September 2016...
May 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714037/effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-procedural-anxiety-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-treatment-for-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Michael Nunns, Dominic Mayhew, Tamsin Ford, Morwenna Rogers, Christine Curle, Stuart Logan, Darren Moore
OBJECTIVE: Children and young people (CYP) with cancer undergo painful and distressing procedures. We aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions to reduce procedural anxiety in CYP. METHODS: Extensive literature searches sought randomised controlled trials that quantified the effect of any non-pharmacological intervention for procedural anxiety in CYP with cancer aged 0-25. Study selection involved independent title and abstract screening and full text screening by two reviewers...
April 30, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712549/achilles-pain-stiffness-and-muscle-power-deficits-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-revision-2018-using-the-evidence-to-guide-physical-therapist-practice
#7
(no author information available yet)
Midportion Achilles tendinopathy is a relatively common, overuse, lower extremity soft tissue injury for individuals who are active and participate in sports. The clinical practice guideline published in the May 2018 issue of JOSPT, titled "Achilles Pain, Stiffness, and Muscle Power Deficits: Midportion Achilles Tendinopathy Revision 2018," can help physical therapists engage in evidence-informed practice and reduce unnecessary clinical variation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):425-426. doi:10...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701555/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-systematic-review
#8
Constantin Tuleasca, Jean Régis, Arjun Sahgal, Antonio De Salles, Motohiro Hayashi, Lijun Ma, Roberto Martínez-Álvarez, Ian Paddick, Samuel Ryu, Ben J Slotman, Marc Levivier
OBJECTIVES The aims of this systematic review are to provide an objective summary of the published literature specific to the treatment of classical trigeminal neuralgia with stereotactic radiosurgery (RS) and to develop consensus guideline recommendations for the use of RS, as endorsed by the International Society of Stereotactic Radiosurgery (ISRS). METHODS The authors performed a systematic review of the English-language literature from 1951 up to December 2015 using the Embase, PubMed, and MEDLINE databases...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696169/quality-of-abstracts-of-randomized-control-trials-in-five-top-pain-journals-a-systematic-survey
#9
Kamath Sriganesh, Suparna Bharadwaj, Mei Wang, Luciana P F Abbade, Yanling Jin, Mariamma Philip, Rachel Couban, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
Background: The reporting quality of abstracts of randomized control trials (RCTs) is inadequate despite the publication of consolidated standards of reporting trials extension for abstracts (CONSORT-A). We compared the reporting quality of abstracts in pain journals before and after the publication of CONSORT-A. Methods: We searched MEDLINE in April-2016 for RCTs published in five pain journals: Pain, Pain Physician, European Journal of Pain, Clinical Journal of Pain and Pain Practice for pre- and post-CONSORT-A period (2005-2007 and 2013-2015)...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680840/is-arthrocentesis-of-temporomandibular-joint-with-corticosteroids-beneficial-a-systematic-review
#10
A Davoudi, H Khaki, I Mohammadi, M Daneshmand, A Tamizifar, M Bigdelou, F Ansaripoor
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are musculoskeletal conditions that can inhibit the normal function of temporomandibular joints (TMJs) and affect the patient's quality of life, negatively. Arthrocentesis (AC) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used for treating TMDs. The aim of present paper is to evaluate the advantages of administrating corticosteroid (CS) during AC by reviewing high quality released articles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searching on Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest, and Scopus databases were performed with focusing on proper key words...
April 22, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649613/anxiety-and-depression-in-spine-surgery-a-systematic-integrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Janni Strøm, Merete B Bjerrum, Claus V Nielsen, Cecilie N Thisted, Tove L Nielsen, Malene Laursen, Lene B Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of preoperative anxiety and depression occur in approximately one-third of patients with chronic back pain undergoing surgery. In the last 2 decades, several studies have established that preoperative anxiety and depression are important outcome predictors of greater pain and physical impairments, and lower health-related quality of life in patients undergoing spine surgery. To accommodate symptoms of anxiety and depression and thereby better surgical outcomes, we need to identify factors associated with these symptoms...
April 9, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627931/athletes-experience-a-high-rate-of-return-to-sport-following-hip-arthroscopy
#12
REVIEW
Muzammil Memon, Jeffrey Kay, Philip Hache, Nicole Simunovic, Joshua D Harris, John O'Donnell, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the rate at which patients return to sport following arthroscopic hip surgery. METHODS: The databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched by two reviewers, and titles, abstracts, and full-text articles screened in duplicate. English language studies investigating hip arthroscopy with reported return to sport outcomes were included. A meta-analysis of proportions was used to combine the rate of return to sports using a random effects model...
April 7, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622526/impact-of-low-back-pain-clinical-trials-measured-by-the-altmetric-score-cross-sectional-study
#13
Amanda Costa Araujo, Dafne Port Nascimento, Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Christopher G Maher, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
BACKGROUND: There is interest from authors and publishers in sharing the results of their studies over the Internet in order to increase their readership. In this way, articles tend to be discussed and the impact of these articles tends to be increased. In order to measure this type of impact, a new score (named Altmetric) was created. Altmetric aims to understand the individual impact of each article through the attention attracted online. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to analyze potential factors related with the publishing journal and the publishing trial that could be associated with Altmetric scores on a random sample of low back pain randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622461/return-to-sport-following-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Muzammil Memon, Jeffrey Kay, Edwin R Cadet, Shayan Shahsavar, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the return-to-sport rate following arthroscopic Bankart repair, and it was hypothesized that patients would experience a high rate of return to sport. METHODS: The MEDLINE, Embase, and PubMed databases were searched by 2 reviewers, and the titles, abstracts, and full texts were screened independently. The inclusion criteria were English-language studies investigating arthroscopic Bankart repair in patients of all ages participating in sports at all levels with reported return-to-sport outcomes...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605272/impact-of-ambiguous-and-restrictive-regulations-on-opioid-prescribing-practice-in-georgia
#15
Pati Dzotsenidze, Tamar Lekashvili, Nino Chikhladze, Maka Jorbenadze, Ioseb Abesadze, Dimitri Kordzaia
CONTEXT: Chronic pain management with opioids in incurable patients remains a challenge of modern medicine regardless of the evidence-based effectiveness of opioids and recommendations of authorities such as the World Health Organization and International Narcotics Control Board. Many countries, including Georgia, maintain overly restrictive regulations that contribute to inadequate pain management. OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to pain management in Georgia caused by legislation, administrative issues, and physicians' lack of knowledge and understanding of legislative aspects governing opioid use, and their impact on opioid-prescribing practice...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597245/the-relevancy-of-paracetamol-and-breastfeeding-post-infant-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Nurain Suleiman, Siti Hadijah Shamsuddin, Razman Mohd Rus, Shamsul Drahman, Mai Nurul Ashikin Mohd Taib
Background: Paracetamol may be used as an antipyretic agent for the treatment of fever, as well as an analgesic in the treatment of mild to moderate pain post-vaccination in infants. The use of paracetamol during fever may be or may not be recommended since it may alter the natural human body immune response, although it may reduce pain. Objectives: The aims of this study are to describe the effectiveness of breastfeeding in reducing pain and paracetamol in reducing fever and pain post infant vaccination. Methods: Data sources and study selection was conducted by electronic searching of six databases...
March 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578127/mindfulness-meditation-for-primary-headache-pain-a-meta-analysis
#17
Qiang Gu, Jin-Chao Hou, Xiang-Ming Fang
Background: Several studies have reported that mindfulness meditation has a potential effect in controlling headaches, such as migraine and tension-type headache; however, its role remains controversial. This review assessed the evidence regarding the effects of mindfulness meditation for primary headache pain. Methods: Only English databases (PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials [the Cochrane Library], PsycINFO, Psychology and behavioral science collection, PsyArticles, Web of Science, and Scopus) were searched from their inception to November 2016 with the keywords ("meditation" or "mindfulness" or "vipassana" or "dzogchen" or "zen" or "integrative body-mind training" or "IBMT" or "mindfulness-based stress reduction" or "MBSR" or "mindfulness-based cognitive therapy" or "MBCT" and "Headache" or "Head pain" or "Cephalodynia" or "Cephalalgia" or "Hemicrania" or "Migraine")...
April 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568023/which-surgical-approach-for-palatally-displaced-canines
#18
Parthasarathy Madurantakam
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid (up to February 2017); ongoing clinical trials were searched in clinicaltrials.gov as well as the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry. Reference lists of included studies and relevant systematic reviews were searched. No restrictions were placed on the language or date of publication and study authors were contacted when necessary.Study selectionRandomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials assessing open and closed surgical exposures in palatally displaced canines with no restriction on age, presenting malocclusion or type of orthodontic treatment...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561359/title-comparative-transcriptome-profiling-of-the-human-and-mouse-dorsal-root-ganglia-an-rna-seq-based-resource-for-pain-and-sensory-neuroscience-research
#19
Pradipta Ray, Andrew Torck, Lilyana Quigley, Andi Wangzhou, Matthew Neiman, Chandranshu Rao, Tiffany Lam, Ji-Young Kim, Tae Hoon Kim, Michael Q Zhang, Gregory Dussor, Theodore J Price
Molecular neurobiological insight into human nervous tissues is needed to generate next generation therapeutics for neurological disorders like chronic pain. We obtained human Dorsal Root Ganglia (DRG) samples from organ donors and performed RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) to study the human DRG (hDRG) transcriptional landscape, systematically comparing it with publicly available data from a variety of human and orthologous mouse tissues, including mouse DRG (mDRG). We characterized the hDRG transcriptional profile in terms of tissue-restricted gene co-expression patterns and putative transcriptional regulators, and formulated an information-theoretic framework to quantify DRG enrichment...
March 20, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560032/are-collision-athletes-at-a-higher-risk-of-re-dislocation-after-an-open-bristow-latarjet-procedure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Nuno Rui Paulino Pereira, Just A van der Linde, Hassanin Alkaduhimi, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Michel P J van den Bekerom
Background: The primary aim of the present study was to review, summarize and compare the redislocation risk for collision athletes and noncollision athletes after an open Bristow-Latarjet procedure. Our secondary aim was to summarize return to sport, satisfaction, pain and complications. Methods: We conducted a systematic review in PubMed and EMBASE of articles until 1 July 2016. We included all studies describing Bristow-Latarjet like procedures as a result of glenohumeral instability, mentioning redislocation rates in collision athletes with >2 years of follow-up...
April 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
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