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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497284/exercise-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-groin-pain-and-injury-in-athletes-a-critical-and-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Paula C Charlton, Michael K Drew, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Alison Grimaldi, Ross A Clark
BACKGROUND: Groin injury is a common musculoskeletal complaint for athletes competing in a variety of sports. The extent to which exercise interventions incorporating external load are an appropriate option for the treatment and prevention of groin injury in athletes is not yet clear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to describe and evaluate exercise therapy interventions and outcomes for the treatment and prevention of groin injury with specific attention to application of external load...
May 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485318/a-national-multicenter-survey-on-management-of-pain-agitation-and-delirium-in-intensive-care-units-in-china
#2
Jing Wang, Zhi-Yong Peng, Wen-Hai Zhou, Bo Hu, Xin Rao, Jian-Guo Li
BACKGROUND: The management of pain, agitation, and delirium (PAD) in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is beneficial for patients and makes it widely applied in clinical practice. Previous studies showed that the clinical practice of PAD in ICU was improving; yet relatively little information is available in China. This study aimed to investigate the practice of PAD in ICUs in China. METHODS: A multicenter, nationwide survey was conducted using a clinician-directed questionnaire from September 19 to December 18, 2016...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462830/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-nurse-initiated-medications-in-the-emergency-department
#3
REVIEW
C J Cabilan, Mary Boyde
BACKGROUND: Nurse-initiated medications are one of the most important strategies used to facilitate timely care for people who present to Emergency Departments (EDs). The purpose of this paper was to systematically review the evidence of nurse-initiated medications to guide future practice and research. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to locate published studies and Grey literature. All studies were assessed independently by two independent reviewers for relevance using titles and abstracts, eligibility dictated by the inclusion criteria, and methodological quality...
April 24, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462518/alvimopan-for-recovery-of-bowel-function-after-radical-cystectomy
#4
REVIEW
Shahnaz Sultan, Bernadette Coles, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Alvimopan is used in abdominal surgery to reduce postoperative ileus in patients undergoing small bowel resections with primary anastomosis. The role and efficacy of alvimopan in patients undergoing radical cystectomy with urinary diversion is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of alvimopan in the context of enhanced recovery pathways compared to enhanced recovery pathways alone for perioperative bowel dysfunction in patients undergoing radical cystectomy...
May 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461227/does-ischemia-cause-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Anton Shcherbina, Mckenna Longacre
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence of association between atherosclerosis and low back pain (LBP). TYPE: Focused systematic review. LITERATURE SURVEY: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and EMBASE were searched for original research articles, not limited by language, from January 1, 1990, to October 31, 2016. METHODOLOGY: Titles and then abstracts were identified using predefined search terms and excluded based on lack of relevancy. This was followed by full-text reviews...
April 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451512/spinal-compression-fracture-management-a-review-of-current-treatment-strategies-and-possible-future-avenues
#6
REVIEW
Ivo K Genev, Matthew K Tobin, Saher P Zaidi, Sajeel R Khan, Farid M L Amirouche, Ankit I Mehta
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. OBJECTIVE: Despite the numerous treatment options for vertebral compression fractures, a consensus opinion for the management of patients with these factures has not been established. This review is meant to provide an up-to-date overview of the most common treatment strategies for compression fractures and to suggest possible routes for the development of clearer treatment guidelines. METHODS: A comprehensive database search of PubMed was performed...
February 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437307/blood-sampling-in-newborns-a-systematic-review-of-youtube-videos
#7
Mariana Bueno, Érika Tihemi Nishi, Taine Costa, Laís Machado Freire, Denise Harrison
Objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of YouTube videos showing neonatal blood sampling, and to evaluate pain management and comforting interventions used. Selected videos were consumer- or professional-produced videos showing human newborns undergoing heel lancing or venipuncture for blood sampling, videos showing the entire blood sampling procedure (from the first attempt or puncture to the time of application of a cotton ball or bandage), publication date prior to October 2014, Portuguese titles, available audio...
April 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407197/autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-following-high-dose-chemotherapy-for-nonrhabdomyosarcoma-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#8
REVIEW
Frank Peinemann, Heike Enk, Lesley A Smith
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a highly heterogeneous group of rare malignant solid tumors. Nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas (NRSTS) comprise all STS except rhabdomyosarcoma. In people with advanced local or metastatic disease, autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) applied after high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) is a planned rescue therapy for HDCT-related severe hematologic toxicity. The rationale for this update is to determine whether any randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted and to clarify whether HDCT followed by autologous HSCT has a survival advantage...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378964/musculo-skeletal-and-pulmonary-effects-of-sitting-position-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Elżbieta Szczygieł, Katarzyna Zielonka, Sylwia Mętel, Joanna Golec
INTRODUCTION: Year after year, we spend an increasing amount of time in a sitting position. Often, we sit with poor posture, as indicated by numerous pain syndromes within the musculoskeletal system. Several reports confirm that body posture and the amount of time spent in a seated position have extensive implications for our health. Previous studies and a literature review suggest there is limited knowledge regarding an ergonomic sitting position. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the research relating to a proper sitting position and the consequences of incorrect sitting posture...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377143/scales-used-to-rate-adult-patients-psycho-emotional-status-in-tooth-extraction-procedures-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
I Astramskaitė, G Juodžbalys
The aim of this study was to review scales used to assess anxiety, stress, and pain in dental patients undergoing a tooth extraction procedure and to propose a novel psycho-emotional rating scale based on the relevant literature and our own experience. An electronic literature search was conducted of the National Library of Medicine database MEDLINE (Ovid) and EMBASE databases between January 2005 and April 2016. Sequential screening at the title/abstract and full-text levels was performed. The review included all human prospective or retrospective follow-up studies and clinical trials, cohort studies, case-control studies, and case series that demonstrated at least one scale used to measure tooth extraction anxiety, stress, or pain...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370877/outcomes-in-cochrane-systematic-reviews-related-to-wound-care-an-investigation-into-pre-specification
#11
Zhenmi Liu, Ian J Saldanha, David Margolis, Jo C Dumville, Nicky A Cullum
The choice of outcomes in systematic reviews of the effects of interventions is crucial, dictating which data are included and analysed. Full pre-specification of outcomes in systematic reviews can reduce the risk of outcome reporting bias but, this issue has not been widely investigated. This study is the first to analyse the nature and specification of outcomes used in Cochrane Wounds (CW) systematic reviews. Adequacy of outcome specification was assessed using a five-element framework of key outcome components: outcome domain, specific measurement, specific metric, method of aggregation, and time-points...
April 1, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345122/effect-of-laser-on-pain-relief-and-wound-healing-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Valerie G A Suter, Sophia Sjölund, Michael M Bornstein
The aim of this systematic review was to assess a potential benefit of laser use in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). The primary outcome variables were pain relief, duration of wound healing and reduction in episode frequency. A PICO approach was used as a search strategy in Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases. After scanning and excluding titles, abstracts and full texts, 11 studies (ten RCTs and one non-randomised controlled trial) were included. Study selection and data extraction was done by two observers...
March 27, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321424/cell-based-meniscus-repair-and-regeneration-at-the-brink-of-clinical-translation-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies
#13
Jasmijn V Korpershoek, Tommy S de Windt, Michella H Hagmeijer, Lucienne A Vonk, Daniel B F Saris
BACKGROUND: Meniscus damage can be caused by trauma or degeneration and is therefore common among patients of all ages. Repair or regeneration of the menisci could be of great importance not only for pain relief or regaining function but also to prevent degenerative disease and osteoarthritis. Current treatment does not offer consistent long-term improvement. Although preclinical research focusing on augmentation of meniscal tear repair and regeneration after meniscectomy is encouraging, clinical translation remains difficult...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283866/evaluating-the-evidence-is-neurolysis-or-neurectomy-a-better-treatment-for-meralgia-paresthetica
#14
REVIEW
Russell Payne, Scott Seaman, Emily Sieg, Sara Langan, Kimberly Harbaugh, Elias Rizk
BACKGROUND: Meralgia paresthetica is a mononeuropathy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LCFN). Surgical treatment involves transection or decompression of the LCFN. There is no clear consensus on the superiority of one technique over the other. We performed a systematic review of the literature to answer this question. METHODS: Eligible studies included those that compared neurolysis versus neurectomy for the treatment of meralgia paresthetica after failure of conservative therapy...
May 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282478/the-relationship-between-muscular-strength-and-dance-injuries-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
João P Moita, Alexandre Nunes, José Esteves, Raul Oliveira, Luis Xarez
BACKGROUND: The physical demands placed on dancers put them at significant risk for injury, with rates similar to ones sustained by athletes in sports at the same level of performance. Muscle strength has been suggested to play a preventative role against injury in dancers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically search and examine the available evidence on the protective role of muscle strength in dance injuries. METHODS: Five electronic databases and two dance-specific science publications were screened up to September 2015...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262913/pharmacological-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#16
REVIEW
Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children at some stage complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) of sufficient severity to interfere with their daily lives. When no clear organic cause is found, the children are managed with reassurance and simple measures; a large range of pharmacological interventions have been recommended for use in these children. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions for RAP in children of school age...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255765/research-development-of-a-new-gnrh-antagonist-elagolix-for-the-treatment-of-endometriosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Pontis Alessandro, Nappi Luigi, Sorrentino Felice, Paoletti Anna Maria, Melis Gian Benedetto, Angioni Stefano
PURPOSE: Limitated studies have reported the efficacy of GnRH antagonist on endometriosis symptoms. The aim of our study was to review all available trials to investigate the medical treatment of endometriosis with only GnRH antagonists, with special attention to pharmacodynamic activity, safety, and efficacy. METHODS: Pub Med and Sciencedirect database were searched using terms of "endometriosis treatment", "GnRH antagonist", and "Elagolix". The search was limited to clinical studies published in English...
April 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251280/a-systematic-comparison-of-the-closed-shoulder-reduction-techniques
#18
H Alkaduhimi, J A van der Linde, N W Willigenburg, D F P van Deurzen, M P J van den Bekerom
PURPOSE: To identify the optimal technique for closed reduction for shoulder instability, based on success rates, reduction time, complication risks, and pain level. METHODS: A PubMed and EMBASE query was performed, screening all relevant literature of closed reduction techniques mentioning the success rate written in English, Dutch, German, and Arabic. Studies with a fracture dislocation or lacking information on success rates for closed reduction techniques were excluded...
May 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245226/impact-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Tássia Silvana Borges, Fabiana Vargas-Ferreira, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Carlos Alberto Feldens
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have suggested that traumatic dental injuries (TDI) can lead to pain, loss of function and esthetic problems, with physical, emotional and social consequences for children and their families. However, population-based studies that investigate the impact of TDI on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among preschool children are scarce and offer conflicting results. The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of TDI on OHRQoL among preschool children (PROSPERO-CRD42015032513)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228371/dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#20
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Soo Kim, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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