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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900163/-managing-my-patellofemoral-pain-the-creation-of-an-education-leaflet-for-patients
#1
Christian J Barton, Michael S Rathleff
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative, including consultation with international experts and patients. PURPOSE: Develop a brief yet comprehensive evidence-based education leaflet to be used as an adjunct in the management of patellofemoral pain (PFP) through consultation with both experts (clinical academics) and individuals with PFP. BACKGROUND: Appropriate patient education is an essential component of effective PFP management. However, there are currently no published educational resources for clinicians and researchers treating individuals with PFP to help translate current evidence into clinical practice...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872116/reporting-quality-of-abstracts-of-trials-published-in-top-five-pain-journals-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-survey
#2
Kamath Sriganesh, Suparna Bharadwaj, Mei Wang, Luciana P F Abbade, Rachel Couban, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Abstracts of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often the first and the only source read in a journal by busy healthcare providers. This necessitates good reporting of abstracts. The quality of reporting of abstracts, though gradually improving over time, is still not uniform across medical journals. Improvement in completeness of reporting of abstracts has been documented in general medical journals after the publication of the consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT) extension for abstracts in 2008...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871193/physiotherapist-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-interventions-are-effective-for-low-back-pain-but-can-they-be-replicated-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#3
Amanda Hall, Helen Richmond, Bethan Copsey, Zara Hansen, Esther Williamson, Gillian Jones, Beth Fordham, Zafra Cooper, Sarah Lamb
PURPOSE: To determine if physiotherapist-led cognitive-behavioural (CB) interventions are effective for low back pain (LBP) and described sufficiently for replication. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of patients with LBP treated by physiotherapists using a CB intervention were included. Outcomes of disability, pain, and quality of life were assessed using the GRADE approach. Intervention reporting was assessed using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication...
November 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835043/risk-factors-for-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-active-individuals-an-evidence-based-review
#4
Zachary K Winkelmann, Dustin Anderson, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference/Citation: Hamstra-Wright KL, Bliven KC, Bay C. Risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in physically active individuals such as runners and military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(6)362-369. CLINICAL QUESTION:  What factors put physically active individuals at risk to develop medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS)? DATA SOURCES:  The authors performed a literature search of CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from each database's inception to July 2013...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833733/diagnostic-principles-of-peri-implantitis-a-systematic-review-and-guidelines-for-peri-implantitis-diagnosis-proposal
#5
REVIEW
Ausra Ramanauskaite, Gintaras Juodzbalys
OBJECTIVES: To review and summarize the literature concerning peri-implantitis diagnostic parameters and to propose guidelines for peri-implantitis diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted of the MEDLINE (Ovid) and EMBASE databases for articles published between 2011 and 2016. Sequential screening at the title/abstract and full-text levels was performed. Systematic reviews/guidelines of consensus conferences proposing classification or suggesting diagnostic parameters for peri-implantitis in the English language were included...
July 2016: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814744/hyaluronic-acid-injection-therapy-for-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-concordant-efficacy-and-conflicting-serious-adverse-events-in-two-systematic-reviews
#6
Claire E O'Hanlon, Sydne J Newberry, Marika Booth, Sean Grant, Aneesa Motala, Margaret A Maglione, John D FitzGerald, Paul G Shekelle
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA)/degenerative joint disease (DJD) is increasing in the USA. Systematic reviews of treatment efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of hyaluronic acid (HA) injections report conflicting evidence about the balance of benefits and harms. We review evidence on efficacy and AEs of intraarticular viscosupplementation with HA in older individuals with knee osteoarthritis and account for differences in these conclusions from another systematic review...
November 4, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798973/different-doses-of-gabapentin-formulations-for-postherpetic-neuralgia-a-systematical-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Juan Wang, Yuyou Zhu
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Gabapentin, extended-release gabapentin (gabapentin ER), and gabapentin enacarbil (GEn), play an important role in relieving pain associated with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Although previous systematic reviews have assessed the efficacy and safety of gabapentin formulations for PHN, they have failed to take formulation differences and dose differences into account. Aiming at assessing the efficacy and safety of different doses of gabapentin formulations for PHN, this study performed a systematical review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787936/magnesium-sulphate-for-postoperative-complications-in-children-undergoing-tonsillectomies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Xie Min, L I Xiang-Kui, Peng Yu
OBJECTIVE: Previous systematical reviews showed that systemic magnesium decreased postoperative pain and reduced morphine use without any reported serious adverse effects in adults. However studies in children yielded different results. So we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the impact of magnesium sulphate on postoperative complications in Children undergoing tonsillectomies. METHODS: The PubMed, EMbase via OVID, CENTRAL, WHO ICTRP were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that addressed the effect of magnesium for postoperative pain, agitation and complications in children undergoing tonsillectomies...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780768/influence-of-functional-capacity-evaluation-on-physician-s-assessment-of-physical-capacity-of-veterans-with-chronic-pain-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
Dominique Peppers, Stephen F Figoni, Breda W Carroll, Michael M Chen, Sungchan Song, Witaya Mathiyakom
BACKGROUND: Physicians have difficulty predicting patients' occupational limitations, abilities, and success from clinical evaluation (CE) of pathology and impairments, especially in the presence of chronic pain. Additional information from a functional capacity evaluation (FCE) may improve the accuracy of their physical capacity assessments. It is not known whether FCE information will change these assessments. No such study has been published using Veterans or non-Veterans. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of FCE data on the physician's assessment of the US Department of Labor's Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) work capacity levels of Veterans with chronic moderate-intensity pain...
October 22, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779638/sickness-absence-and-permanent-work-disability-in-relation-to-upper-and-lower-body-pain-and-occupational-mechanical-and-psychosocial-exposures
#10
Tine Gjedde Sommer, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Poul Frost
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if combined pain (pain in the upper and lower body), high occupational mechanical exposures, and job strain predict sickness absence and permanent work disability, particularly if co-occurring. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on the musculoskeletal research database at the Danish Ramazzini Centre. We linked baseline information from 2001-2004 on musculoskeletal pain, job titles, and covariates with register information on sickness absence and permanent work disability...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776881/anxiety-related-to-nonsurgical-root-canal-treatment-systematic-review
#11
Sameera Khan, Reza Hamedy, Yuejuan Lei, Rikke S Ogawa, Shane N White
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes. Dental anxiety has been associated with pain, fear, care avoidance, and more invasive treatments including nonsurgical root canal treatment (NSRCT). The very words root canal are deeply embedded in societal consciousness. Better understanding of dental anxiety may prevent treatment avoidance. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of NSRCT-associated anxiety...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762076/clinical-efficacy-of-desensitizing-mouthwashes-for-the-control-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-and-root-sensitivity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
A Molina, M García-Gargallo, E Montero, A Tobías, M Sanz, C Martín
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence on the efficacy of desensitizing mouthwashes for the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) and root sensitivity (RS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A thorough search in MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane Plus Library was conducted up to February 2015. Randomized clinical trials, parallel, double-blinded and placebo-controlled, with a follow-up of at least 6 weeks, reporting changes on response to tactile stimuli, thermal/evaporative stimuli or patients' subjective assessment of the pain experienced during their daily life after the home use of desensitizing mouthwashes were considered for inclusion...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761603/does-the-initiation-of-urate-lowering-treatment-during-an-acute-gout-attack-prolong-the-current-episode-and-precipitate-recurrent-attacks-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Fatma Eminaga, Jonathan Le-Carratt, Adrian Jones, A Abhishek
The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on effect of initiating urate-lowering treatment (ULT) during an acute attack of gout on duration of index attack and persistence on ULT. OVID (Medline), EMBASE and AMED were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of ULT initiation during acute gout attack published in English language. Two reviewers appraised the study quality and extracted data independently. Standardized mean difference (SMD) and relative risk (RR) were used to pool continuous and categorical data...
December 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748506/bed-rest-for-pressure-ulcer-healing-in-wheelchair-users
#14
REVIEW
Zena Eh Moore, Menno T van Etten, Jo C Dumville
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, which are localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both, occur when people are unable to reposition themselves to relieve pressure on bony prominences. Pressure ulcers are often difficult to heal, painful, and impact negatively on the individual's quality of life. International guidelines suggest bed rest as a component of the treatment strategy to manage pressure ulcers among wheelchair users. The potential benefits and risks need to be considered when assessing the effectiveness of bed rest as an intervention for treating pressure ulcers in this population...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741184/intrauterine-device-insertion-failure-after-misoprostol-administration-a-systematic-review
#15
Laura R Matthews, Linda OʼDwyer, Erica OʼNeill
OBJECTIVE: To examine rates of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion failure with and without prior misoprostol administration. Additional outcomes included difficulty of insertion, subjective pain, expulsion, and complications. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches were performed in PubMed MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature for articles with the following keywords: "misoprostol," "intrauterine devices," and "IUDs...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733713/pain-and-tissue-damage-in-response-to-orthodontic-tooth-movement-are-they-correlated
#16
Osmar A Cuoghi, Francielle Topolski, Lorraine P de Faria, Marcos R de Mendonça
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between pain and tissue damage in response to orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), such as hyalinization and external apical root resorption (EARR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature review was used as a methodological strategy, following the knowledge development process - constructivist (ProKnow-C). Study axes were defined and keywords that best represented each axis were selected. The terms were submitted to an adherence test and validation, resulting in 12 keyword combinations...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729482/medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-active-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-risk-factors
#17
Mark F Reinking, Tricia M Austin, Randy R Richter, Mary M Krieger
CONTEXT: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common condition in active individuals and presents as diffuse pain along the posteromedial border of the tibia. OBJECTIVE: To use cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies to identify significant MTSS risk factors. DATA SOURCES: Bibliographic databases (PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, PEDRo), grey literature, electronic search of full text of journals, manual review of reference lists, and automatically executed PubMed MTSS searches were utilized...
October 11, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676689/structural-changes-of-lumbar-muscles-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#18
Dorien Goubert, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Mira Meeus, Lieven Danneels
BACKGROUND: Lumbar muscle dysfunction due to pain might be related to altered lumbar muscle structure. Macroscopically, muscle degeneration in low back pain (LBP) is characterized by a decrease in cross-sectional area and an increase in fat infiltration in the lumbar paraspinal muscles. In addition microscopic changes, such as changes in fiber distribution, might occur. Inconsistencies in results from different studies make it difficult to draw firm conclusions on which structural changes are present in the different types of non-specific LBP...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666123/lasers-for-caries-removal-in-deciduous-and-permanent-teeth
#19
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Potito Giuseppe D'Errico, Stefano Pagano, Guido Lombardo
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable improvements in oral health, dental caries continue to be a public health issue. The most frequently used, and universally accepted technique, to remove caries is through mechanical ablation of decayed tissues by means of rotating drills (diamond or tungsten carbide, or both). In the past few decades, the introduction of adhesive filling materials (resin composites) has affected cavity filling procedures by reducing its retention needs, with advantages for dental tissue conservation...
September 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665410/-polycystic-kidney-disease-and-kidney-transplantation
#20
X Tillou, M-O Timsit, F Sallusto, T Culty, G Verhoest, A Doerfler, R Thuret, F Kleinclauss
OBJECTIVES: To perform a state of the art about autosomal dominant polykystic kidney disease (ADPKD), management of its urological complications and end stage renal disease treatment modalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive systematic review of the scientific literature was performed in the Medline database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) and Embase (http://www.embase.com) using different associations of the following keywords (MESH): "autosomal dominant polykystic kidney disease", "complications", "native nephrectomy", "kidney transplantation"...
September 21, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
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