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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222344/caring-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-part-2-detailed-analyses-of-factors-involved-in-respite-workers-reported-assessment-and-care-decisions
#1
Lara M Genik, C Meghan McMurtry, Lynn M Breau
: Respite workers (RW) commonly care for children with intellectual disabilities (ID), and pain is common for these children. Little is known about factors which inform RW pain assessment and management-related decisions. OBJECTIVES: To describe/determine the following in response to a series of pain-related scenarios (e.g., headache, falling): (1) factors considered important by RW when assessing children with ID's pain; (2) whether children's verbal ability impacts pain assessment factors considered; (3) RW assessment and management approach...
February 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222324/graph-based-segmentation-of-abnormal-nuclei-in-cervical-cytology
#2
Ling Zhang, Hui Kong, Shaoxiong Liu, Tianfu Wang, Siping Chen, Milan Sonka
A general method is reported for improving the segmentation of abnormal cell nuclei in cervical cytology images. In automation-assisted reading of cervical cytology, one of the essential steps is the segmentation of nuclei. Despite some progress, there is a need to improve the sensitivity, particularly the segmentation of abnormal nuclei. Our method starts with pre-segmenting the nucleus to define the coarse center and size of nucleus, which is used to construct a graph by image unfolding that maps ellipse-like border in the Cartesian coordinate system to lines in the polar coordinate system...
January 31, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222305/consumer-use-and-understanding-of-labelling-information-on-edible-marijuana-products-sold-for-recreational-use-in-the-states-of-colorado-and-washington
#3
Katherine M Kosa, Kristen C Giombi, Caroline B Rains, Sheryl C Cates
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the states of Colorado and Washington began allowing retail sales of marijuana for recreational use. The regulatory agencies in these states have implemented specific labelling requirements for edible marijuana products sold for recreational use to help address concerns such as delayed activation time, accidental ingestion, and proper dosing. METHODS: We conducted 12 focus groups with 94 adult consumers and nonconsumers of edibles in Denver and Seattle to collect information on their use and understanding of labelling information on edible marijuana products sold for recreational use...
February 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222229/leg-ulcers-caused-by-genetic-disease-prolidase-deficiency
#4
F Bertolini
I have just read the new guidelines for diagnostics and treatment of venus leg ulcers pubblished by the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 2016; 30: 1843-1875 (1), and I think that at this time it would be useful to also include leg ulcers caused by genetic disease "prolidase deficiency" in the differential diagnosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222204/comparative-transcriptome-and-potential-antiviral-signaling-pathways-analysis-of-the-gills-in-the-red-swamp-crayfish-procambarus-clarkii-infected-with-white-spot-syndrome-virus-wssv
#5
Zhi-Qiang Du, Yan-Hui Jin
Red swamp crayfish is an important model organism for research of the invertebrate innate immunity mechanism. Its excellent disease resistance against bacteria, fungi, and viruses is well-known. However, the antiviral mechanisms of crayfish remain unclear. In this study, we obtained high-quality sequence reads from normal and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)-challenged crayfish gills. For group normal (GN), 39,390,280 high-quality clean reads were randomly assembled to produce 172,591 contigs; whereas, 34,011,488 high-quality clean reads were randomly assembled to produce 182,176 contigs for group WSSV-challenged (GW)...
February 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222086/equivalence-study-of-two-temperature-measurement-methods-in-febrile-adult-patients-with-cancer
#6
Tina M Mason, Abdelbaki Boubekri, Jennifer Lalau, Amy Patterson, Susan R Hartranft, Steven K Sutton
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To assess equivalence of temperatures taken via temporal artery and oral methods in febrile inpatients with cancer.
. DESIGN: Repeated measures equivalence design.
. SETTING: 24-bed hematology-oncology unit and 36-bed blood and marrow transplantation unit at H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center in Tampa, Florida.
. SAMPLE: Convenience sample of 58 febrile inpatients using 60 temperature measurements...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221904/reduction-of-bacterial-pathogens-and-potential-surrogates-on-the-surface-of-almonds-using-high-intensity-405-nanometer-light
#7
Alison Lacombe, Brendan A Niemira, Joseph Sites, Glenn Boyd, Joshua B Gurtler, Breanna Tyrell, Melissa Fleck
The disinfecting properties of high-intensity monochromatic blue light (MBL) were investigated against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella , and nonpathogenic bacteria inoculated onto the surface of almonds. MBL was generated from an array of narrow-band 405-nm light-emitting diodes. Almonds were inoculated with higher or lower levels (8 or 5 CFU/g) of pathogenic E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella , as well as nonpathogenic E. coli K-12 and an avirulent strain of Salmonella Typhimurium, for evaluation as potential surrogates for their respective pathogens...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221334/prospective-comparative-analysis-of-4-different-intraocular-pressure-measurement-techniques-and-their-effects-on-pressure-readings
#8
Thomas A Berk, Patrick T Yang, Clara C Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221090/no-support-for-the-claim-that-literary-fiction-uniquely-and-immediately-improves-theory-of-mind-a-reply-to-kidd-and-castano-s-commentary-on-panero-et-al-2016
#9
Maria Eugenia Panero, Deena Skolnick Weisberg, Jessica Black, Thalia R Goldstein, Jennifer L Barnes, Hiram Brownell, Ellen Winner
Kidd and Castano (in press) critique our failure to replicate Kidd and Castano (2013) on 3 grounds: failure to exclude people who did not read the texts, failure of random assignment, and failure to exclude people who did not take the Author Recognition Test (ART). This response addresses each of these critiques. Most importantly, we note that even when Kidd and Castano reanalyzed our data in the way that they argue is most appropriate, they still failed to replicate the pattern of results reported in their original study...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221089/panero-et-al-2016-failure-to-replicate-methods-caused-the-failure-to-replicate-results
#10
David Comer Kidd, Emanuele Castano
Contrary to Kidd and Castano (2013), Panero et al. (2016) fail to find that reading literary fiction improves performance on an advanced test of theory of mind (ToM), the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test. However, this commentary shows that the findings presented in Panero et al. (2016) are not reliable due to two striking threats to the internal validity of their studies that were not clearly disclosed or discussed in the manuscript or supplementary materials. First, no effective strategy was implemented to ensure that participants read their assigned texts, and examination of the data revealed many participants whose reading times indicate that they were not exposed to the manipulation...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221066/the-power-and-the-pain-of-adolescents-digital-communication-cyber-victimization-and-the-perils-of-lurking
#11
Marion K Underwood, Samuel E Ehrenreich
Many adolescents are heavily engaged with social media and text messaging (George & Odgers, 2015; Lenhart, 2015), yet few psychologists have studied what digital communication means for adolescents' relationships and adjustment. This article proposes that psychologists should embrace the careful study of adolescents' digital communication. We discuss theoretical frameworks for understanding adolescents' involvement with social media, present less widely recognized perils of intense involvement with social media, and highlight positive features of digital communication...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221052/the-association-between-arithmetic-and-reading-performance-in-school-a-meta-analytic-study
#12
Vivian Singer, Kathernie Strasser
Many studies of school achievement find a significant association between reading and arithmetic achievement. The magnitude of the association varies widely across the studies, but the sources of this variation have not been identified. The purpose of this paper is to examine the magnitude and determinants of the relation between arithmetic and reading performance during elementary and middle school years. We meta-analyzed 210 correlations between math and reading measures, coming from 68 independent samples (the overall sample size was 58923 participants)...
February 20, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220426/measuring-callose-deposition-an-indicator-of-cell-wall-reinforcement-during-bacterial-infection-in-arabidopsis
#13
Lin Jin, David M Mackey
The plant cell wall responds dynamically during interaction with various pathogens. Upon recognition of "nonself" components, plant cells deploy a variety of immune responses including cell wall fortification. Callose, a β-(1, 3)-D-glucan polymer, is a component of the material deposited at the site of infection between the plasma membrane and the preexisting cell wall that is hypothesized to serve as a physical barrier and platform for directed antimicrobial compound deposition. The defense-associated function of callose deposition is supported by its induction during pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) and its inhibition by defense suppressing virulence effectors...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220424/cdpk-activation-in-prr-signaling
#14
Heike Seybold, Marie Boudsocq, Tina Romeis
Calcium-dependent protein kinases undergo a rapid biochemical activation in response to an intracellular Ca increase induced by the PRR-dependent perception of a pathogen-related stimulus. Based on SDS gel resolution, the in-gel kinase assay allows the analysis of multiple in vivo protein samples in parallel, combining the advantage of protein separation according to molecular mass with the activity read-out of a protein kinase assay. It thus enables to follow the transient CDPK activation and inactivation in response to in vivo elicitation with a time-wise resolution...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220412/characterization-of-plant-cell-wall-damage-associated-molecular-patterns-regulating-immune-responses
#15
Laura Bacete, Hugo Mélida, Sivakumar Pattathil, Michael G Hahn, Antonio Molina, Eva Miedes
The plant cell wall is one of the first defensive barriers that pathogens need to overcome to successfully colonize plant tissues. Plant cell wall is considered a dynamic structure that regulates both constitutive and inducible defense mechanisms. The wall is a potential source of a diverse set of Damage-Associated Molecular Patterns (DAMPs), which are signalling molecules that trigger immune responses. However, just a few active wall ligands, such as oligogalacturonic acids (OGs), have been characterized so far...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220327/genetic-characterization-of-cacipacor%C3%A3-virus-from-ticks-collected-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#16
Glauciane Garcia de Figueiredo, Alberto Anastacio Amarilla, William Marciel de Souza, Marcílio Jorge Fumagalli, Mário Luis Garcia de Figueiredo, Matias Pablo Juan Szabó, Soraya Jabur Badra, Yin Xiang Setoh, Alexander A Khromykh, Victor Hugo Aquino, Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo
Cacipacoré virus (CPCV) is a potential emerging virus classified in the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae. In the present study, we present the genetic characterization of a CPCV isolated from ticks (Amblyomma cajennense) collected from a sick capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) in São Paulo State, Brazil. The CPCV isolate shares the typical genomic organization of flaviviruses with 10,857 nucleotides in length and a single open reading frame of 10,284 nucleotides encoding a polyprotein of 3,427 amino acids...
February 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220288/social-cognition-according-to-cognitive-impairment-in-different-clinical-phenotypes-of-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Cecile Dulau, Mathilde Deloire, Helene Diaz, Aurore Saubusse, Julie Charre-Morin, Antoinette Prouteau, Bruno Brochet
The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between social cognition (SC) and cognitive impairment in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). A prospective study was conducted in 60 PwMS, 30 with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 15 with secondary progressive MS (SPMS) and 15 with primary progressive MS (PPMS), and in healthy subjects (HS). All subjects were assessed by the Bordeaux Social Cognition Evaluation Protocol (PECS-B) (facial emotion recognition, theory of mind, emotional awareness and cognitive and affective alexithymia), by a large neuropsychological battery and by questionnaires (depression and anxiety)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220138/de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-of-phomopsis-liquidambari-provides-insights-into-genes-associated-with-different-lifestyles-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#18
Jun Zhou, Xin Li, Yan Chen, Chuan-Chao Dai
The mechanisms that trigger the switch from endophytic fungi to saprophytic fungi are largely unexplored. Broad host range Phomopsis liquidambari is established in endophytic and saprophytic systems with rice (Oryza sativa L.). Endophytic P. liquidambari promotes rice growth, increasing rice yield and improving the efficiency of nitrogen fertilizer. This species's saprophytic counterpart can decompose rice litterfall, promoting litter organic matter cycling and the release of nutrients and improving the soil microbial environment...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220135/differential-gene-expression-analysis-in-polygonum-minus-leaf-upon-24-h-of-methyl-jasmonate-elicitation
#19
Reyhaneh Rahnamaie-Tajadod, Kok-Keong Loke, Hoe-Han Goh, Normah M Noor
Polygonum minus is an herbal plant that grows in Southeast Asian countries and traditionally used as medicine. This plant produces diverse secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds and their derivatives, which are known to have roles in plant abiotic and biotic stress responses. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is a plant signaling molecule that triggers transcriptional reprogramming in secondary metabolism and activation of defense responses against many biotic and abiotic stresses. However, the effect of MeJA elicitation on the genome-wide expression profile in the leaf tissue of P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220094/the-word-frequency-effect-on-saccade-targeting-during-chinese-reading-evidence-from-a-survival-analysis-of-saccade-length
#20
Yanping Liu, Ren Huang, Yugang Li, Dingguo Gao
Our study employs distributional analysis (i.e., survival analysis) to examine how the frequency of target words influences saccade lengths into and out of these target words in Chinese reading. The results of survival analysis indicate the survival curves in the high- and low-frequency conditions diverge for a short saccade length, with more than 80% of the lengths of incoming and outgoing saccades being larger than the divergence points. These results as well as simulations using the novel Dynamic-adjustment Model of saccadic targeting (Liu et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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