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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724226/application-of-a-crustacean-bioassay-to-evaluate-a-multi-contaminated-metal-pah-pcb-harbor-sediment-before-and-after-electrokinetic-remediation-using-eco-friendly-enhancing-agents
#1
Y Tian, C Boulangé-Lecomte, A Benamar, N Giusti-Petrucciani, A Duflot, S Olivier, C Frederick, J Forget-Leray, F Portet-Koltalo
Electrokinetic (EK) remediation can be a suitable technology for treating contaminated dredged harbor sediment, stored on terrestrial disposal sites. Citric acid (CA) and biosurfactants (rhamnolipids and saponin) were chosen as enhancing agents for simultaneous metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn) and PAH/PCB removal by EK because of their potential low toxicity with a view to site restoration. Three EK runs were performed using a periodic voltage (1Vcm(-1)) and various concentrations of agents. The best combination of CA (0...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721507/the-diversity-and-antibiotic-properties-of-actinobacteria-associated-with-endemic-deepwater-amphipods-of-lake-baikal
#2
Eugenii S Protasov, Denis V Axenov-Gribanov, Yuriy V Rebets, Irina V Voytsekhovskaya, Bogdan T Tokovenko, Zhanna M Shatilina, Andriy N Luzhetskyy, Maxim A Timofeyev
The emergence of pathogenic bacteria resistant to antibiotics increases the need for discovery of new effective antimicrobials. Unique habitats such as marine deposits, wetlands and caves or unexplored biological communities are promising sources for the isolation of actinobacteria, which are among the major antibiotic producers. The present study aimed at examining cultivated actinobacteria strains associated with endemic Lake Baikal deepwater amphipods and estimating their antibiotic activity. We isolated 42 actinobacterial strains from crustaceans belonging to Ommatogammarus albinus and Ommatogammarus flavus...
July 18, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721464/unexpected-ubx-expression-in-the-maxilliped-of-the-mystacocarid-crustacean-derocheilocharis-remanei-evidence-for-a-different-way-of-making-a-maxilliped
#3
Martin Fritsch, Stefan Richter
In terms of morphology, crustacean maxillipeds are hybrid appendages. They arise in anterior thoracic segments and display characteristics of both locomotory (thoracic) and feeding (gnathal) appendages. Maxillipeds are functionally integrated with the anterior gnathal appendages. Hox gene expression patterns and immunolabeling with the FP6.87 antibody, which detects conserved epitopes of UBX and ABD-A proteins, reveal that maxillipeds are consistently associated with a shift in the expression of the homeotic gene Ubx...
July 18, 2017: Development Genes and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715506/analysis-of-aquaporins-from-the-euryhaline-barnacle-balanus-improvisus-reveals-differential-expression-in-response-to-changes-in-salinity
#4
Ulrika Lind, Michael Järvå, Magnus Alm Rosenblad, Piero Pingitore, Emil Karlsson, Anna-Lisa Wrange, Emelie Kamdal, Kristina Sundell, Carl André, Per R Jonsson, Jon Havenhand, Leif A Eriksson, Kristina Hedfalk, Anders Blomberg
Barnacles are sessile macro-invertebrates, found along rocky shores in coastal areas worldwide. The euryhaline bay barnacle Balanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854) (= Amphibalanus improvisus) can tolerate a wide range of salinities, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the osmoregulatory capacity of this truly brackish species are not well understood. Aquaporins are pore-forming integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water, small solutes and ions through cellular membranes, and that have been shown to be important for osmoregulation in many organisms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715447/short-term-alteration-of-biotic-and-abiotic-components-of-the-pelagic-system-in-a-shallow-bay-produced-by-a-strong-natural-hypoxia-event
#5
Eduardo Hernández-Miranda, Rodrigo Veas, Valeria Anabalón, Renato A Quiñones
In January 2008 there was an intensive and extensive upwelling event in the southern Humboldt Current System. This event produced an intrusion of water with low dissolved oxygen into Coliumo Bay, which caused massive mortality and the beaching of pelagic and benthic organisms, including zooplankton. During this event, which lasted 3 to 5 days, we studied and evaluated the effect of the hypoxic water in the bay on the abundance of macrozooplankton, nanoplankton and microphytoplankton, the concentration of several nutrients and hydrographic conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711343/innexin-expression-in-electrically-coupled-motor-circuits
#6
REVIEW
Adriane Otopalik, Brian Lane, David J Schulz, Eve Marder
The many roles of innexins, the molecules that form gap junctions in invertebrates, have been explored in numerous species. Here, we present a summary of innexin expression and function in two small, central pattern generating circuits found in crustaceans: the stomatogastric ganglion and the cardiac ganglion. The two ganglia express multiple innexin genes, exhibit varying combinations of symmetrical and rectifying gap junctions, as well as gap junctions within and across different cell types. Past studies have revealed correlations in ion channel and innexin expression in coupled neurons, as well as intriguing functional relationships between ion channel conductances and electrical coupling...
July 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710357/defining-thresholds-of-sustainable-impact-on-benthic-communities-in-relation-to-fishing-disturbance
#7
G I Lambert, L G Murray, J G Hiddink, H Hinz, H Lincoln, N Hold, G Cambiè, M J Kaiser
While the direct physical impact on seabed biota is well understood, no studies have defined thresholds to inform an ecosystem-based approach to managing fishing impacts. We addressed this knowledge gap using a large-scale experiment that created a controlled gradient of fishing intensity and assessed the immediate impacts and short-term recovery. We observed a mosaic of taxon-specific responses at various thresholds. The lowest threshold of significant lasting impact occurred between 1 and 3 times fished and elicited a decrease in abundance of 39 to 70% for some sessile epifaunal organisms (cnidarians, bryozoans)...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708939/ligand-mediated-receptor-assembly-as-an-endpoint-for-high-throughput-chemical-toxicity-screening
#8
Elizabeth Medlock Kakaley, Stephanie Eytcheson, Gerald LeBlanc
The high throughput screening of chemicals for interaction with intracellular targets is gaining prominence in the toxicity evaluation of environmental chemicals. We describe ligand-mediated receptor assembly as an early event in receptor signaling and its application to the screening of chemicals for interaction with targeted receptors. We utilized bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) to detect and quantify assembly of the methyl farnesoate receptor (MfR) in response to various high-production volume and other chemicals...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708270/transcriptional-and-cellular-effects-of-benzotriazole-uv-stabilizers-uv-234-and-uv-328-in-the-freshwater-invertebrates-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-and-daphnia-magna
#9
Maeva Giraudo, Guillaume Cottin, Marta Esperanza, Pierre Gagnon, Amila O De Silva, Magali Houde
Benzotriazole UV-stabilizers (BZT-UVs) are compounds used in many applications and products to prevent photochemical degradation. Despite their widespread presence in aquatic ecosystems and persistence in the environment, there are very limited data on their effects and toxicity, and their modes of action remain largely unknown. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the chronic effects of two BZT-UVs, 2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-bis(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)phenol (UV-234) and 2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-di-tert-pentylphenol (UV-328), on the freshwater green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and the freshwater crustacean Daphnia magna...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704712/multipurpose-efficacy-of-zno-nanoparticles-coated-by-the-crustacean-immune-molecule-%C3%AE-1-3-glucan-binding-protein-toxicity-on-hepg2-liver-cancer-cells-and-bacterial-pathogens
#10
Arokiadhas Iswarya, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Mahalingam Anjugam, Balasubramaniem Ashokkumar, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The effective treatment of cancer and bacterial pathogens are two key challenges in modern nanomedicine. Here, zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) were fabricated using the crustacean immune molecule β-1, 3- glucan binding protein (Phβ-GBP, 100kDa) purified from the heamolymph of Paratelphusa hydrodromus. β-GBP coated zinc oxide nanoparticles (Phβ-GBP-ZnO NPs) were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) analyses...
June 24, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702910/a-novel-biocoagulant-agent-from-mushroom-chitosan-as-water-and-wastewater-therapy
#11
Oday Adnan, Zurina Z Abidin, Azni Idris, Suryani Kamarudin, Mothanna Sadiq Al-Qubaisi
A new commercial cationic polyelectrolyte chitosan (CM), obtained from the waste of mushroom production, was examined using models of water and wastewater namely kaolin and palm oil mill effluent (pome). As it is biocompatible, widely available, and economically feasible, chitosan mushroom has high potential to be a suitable replacement for alum. Also, it can be a promising alternative to chitosan obtained traditionally from Crustaceans due to its higher zeta potential and homogeneity based on the raw material required for its production...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699497/quantitative-structure-activity-relationships-of-aquatic-narcosis-a-review
#12
Chandana Adhikari, Bijay Kumar Mishra
BACKGROUND: Prior estimation of toxicity of each and every, existing and yet to be synthesized chemicals is a must to elude their adverse effect on the environment. Experimental determination of such parameters is time consuming, cost effective and above all it demands the sacrifice of many vertebrates. At this end the REACH regulations advocate for the use of non-testing predictive methods such as read-across, weight-of-evidence and QSAR (quantitative structure-activity relationship) techniques...
July 11, 2017: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697477/green-synthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles-using-a-cheap-sphaeranthus-indicus-extract-impact-on-plant-cells-and-the-aquatic-crustacean-artemia-nauplii
#13
Chinnasamy Balalakshmi, Kasi Gopinath, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Ravi Lokesh, Ayyakannu Arumugam, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The impact of green-fabricated gold nanoparticles on plant cells and non-target aquatic species is scarcely studied. In this research, we reported an environment friendly technique for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) using the Sphaeranthus indicus leaf extract. The formation of the metal NPs was characterized by UV-Visible and FT-IR spectroscopy, XRD, SEM and TEM analyses. The UV-Visible spectra of Au NPs showed a surface plasmon resonance peak at 531nm. FT-IR analysis indicated functional bio-molecules associated with Au NPs formation...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697458/uptake-and-toxicity-of-cuo-nanoparticles-to-daphnia-magna-varies-between-indirect-dietary-and-direct-waterborne-exposures
#14
Fan Wu, Amy Bortvedt, Bryan J Harper, Lauren E Crandon, Stacey L Harper
Research examining the direct and indirect ecological effects of nanomaterials in aquatic ecosystems is important for developing a more realistic understanding of the environmental implications of nanotechnology. Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) are being used extensively in many industries but are considered highly toxic to aquatic species residing in surface waters. Few studies have addressed whether CuO NPs can be transferred through the aquatic food chain, and if such indirect exposure to nanomaterials impacts their toxicity...
June 26, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691900/ionic-mechanisms-underlying-history-dependence-of-conduction-delay-in-an-unmyelinated-axon
#15
Yang Zhang, Dirk M Bucher, Farzan Nadim
Axonal conduction velocity can change substantially during ongoing activity, thus modifying spike interval structures and, potentially, temporal coding. We used a biophysical model to unmask mechanisms underlying the history-dependence of conduction. The model replicates activity in the unmyelinated axon of the crustacean stomatogastric pyloric dilator neuron. At the timescale of a single burst, conduction delay has a non-monotonic relationship with instantaneous frequency, which depends on the gating rates of the fast voltage-gated Na(+) current...
July 10, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690150/serotonin-induces-ecdysteroidogenesis-and-methyl-farnesoate-synthesis-in-the-mud-crab-scylla-serrata
#16
B P Girish, C H Swetha, P Sreenivasula Reddy
In the current study, we have examined the role of serotonin in regulating the levels of methyl farnesoate and ecdysteroids in the giant mud crab Scylla serrata and validated that serotonin indeed is a reproductive hormone. Administration of serotonin elevated circulatory levels of methyl farnesoate and ecdysteroids in crabs. Since methyl farnesoate and ecdysteroid act through retinoid X receptor (RXR) and ecdysteroid receptor (EcR) respectively and these receptors are involved in the regulation of reproduction in crustaceans, we have determined the mRNA levels of RXR and EcR in hepatopancreas and ovary after serotonin administration...
July 6, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686206/novel-n-arylaminophosphonates-bearing-a-pyrrole-moiety-and-their-ecotoxicological-properties
#17
Jarosław Lewkowski, Marta Morawska, Anna Kaczmarek, Diana Rogacz, Piotr Rychter
A wide range of biological activities of aminophosphonates predisposes them to find applications as anticancer, antiviral, antimicrobial, antifungal, or herbicidal agents. Despite a number of positive aspects of the use of aminophosphonates, their applications may cause a risk to the environment, which is well exemplified by the case of glyphosate. Therefore, scientists see a pressing need to rate ecotoxicity of aminophosphonates. Nowadays, it is recommended to use comprehensive tools to carry out appropriate and effective risk assessments of toxic substances...
July 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684323/role-of-purified-%C3%AE-1-3-glucan-binding-protein-%C3%AE-gbp-from-paratelphusa-hydrodromus-and-their-anti-inflammatory-antioxidant-and-antibiofilm-properties
#18
Arokiadhas Iswarya, Mahalingam Anjugam, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan
β- 1, 3-glucan binding protein (β-GBP), a pattern recognition protein (PRP), plays a critical role in triggering the innate immune response by detecting β-glucan found on the surface of microbes. In the present study, β-GBP was purified from the haemolymph of rice field crab Paratelphusa hydrodromus by affinity column chromatography. The monomeric protein Ph-β-GBP appeared as a single band with a molecular weight of approximately 95 kDa in SDS-PAGE analysis and its purity was determined to be 89% by HPLC...
July 3, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683425/sublethal-effects-induced-by-captopril-on-cyprinus-carpio-as-determined-by-oxidative-stress-biomarkers
#19
María Julieta Azalea Cortes-Diaz, Juana Rodríguez-Flores, Gregorio Castañeda-Peñalvo, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Hariz Islas-Flores, Octavio Dublán-García, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate captopril-induced oxidative stress in fish, and specifically in the common carp Cyprinus carpio. At present, very few studies in the international literature evaluate the sublethal effects of captopril on aquatic organisms such as fish, and available ones focus on determination of median lethal concentration in crustaceans and algae. Also, studies evaluating these effects do not make reference to the mechanism of action of this pharmaceutical or its toxicokinetics...
July 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679117/juvenile-hormone-regulates-the-differential-expression-of-putative-juvenile-hormone-esterases-via-methoprene-tolerant-in-non-diapause-destined-and-diapause-destined-adult-female-beetle
#20
Li Zhu, Tian-Yan Yin, Dan Sun, Wen Liu, Fen Zhu, Chao-Liang Lei, Xiao-Ping Wang
Juvenile hormone (JH) plays an essential role in regulating molting, metamorphosis, reproduction, and diapause (dormancy), in many insects and crustaceans. JH esterases (JHEs) can control JH titer by regulating JH degradation. Although the biochemistry and structure of JHEs have been well studied, regulation of their expression remains unclear. We identified three putative JHEs (JHE1, JHE2, JHE3) in the cabbage beetle Colaphellus bowringi, and investigated the regulation of their expression by JH signaling in non-diapause-destined (NDD, reproductive) and diapause-destined (DD) female adults...
July 2, 2017: Gene
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