keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labour preterm

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988892/the-il-1%C3%AE-signalling-pathway-and-its-role-in-regulating-pro-inflammatory-and-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-primary-myometrial-cells
#1
Martha Lappas
Interleukin (IL)-1β plays a central role in the processes of human labour and delivery. The adaptor proteins involved in the IL-1β signalling pathway in human myometrium are not known. This study sought to determine the role of the adaptor proteins myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88), tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) and transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) in IL-1β-induced formation of pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators in human myometrium...
October 6, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962692/expression-and-function-of-nod-like-receptors-by-human-term-gestation-associated-tissues
#2
Aled H Bryant, Ryan J Bevan, Samantha Spencer-Harty, Louis M Scott, Ruth H Jones, Catherine A Thornton
INTRODUCTION: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors or NOD-like receptors (NLRs) have been implicated in several disease pathologies associated with inflammation. Since local and systemic inflammation is a hallmark of both term and preterm labour, a role for NLRs at the materno-fetal interface has been postulated. METHODS: Gene expression and immunolocalisation of NLR family members in human placenta, choriodecidua, and amnion were examined...
October 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962035/immune-cell-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-human-decidua-in-term-and-preterm-parturition
#3
S F Rinaldi, S Makieva, P T Saunders, A G Rossi, J E Norman
STUDY QUESTION: Is labour, both at term and preterm, associated with alterations in decidual lymphocyte densities and widespread changes to the decidual transcriptome? SUMMARY ANSWER: The onset of parturition, both at term and preterm, is associated with widespread gene expression changes in the decidua, many of which are related to inflammatory signalling, but is not associated with changes in the number of any of the decidual lymphocyte populations examined. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Given its location, directly at the maternal-foetal interface, the decidua is likely to play a pivotal role in the onset of parturition, however, the molecular events occurring in the decidua in association with the onset of labour, both at term and preterm, remain relatively poorly defined...
August 18, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960252/does-previous-caesarean-section-at-full-dilatation-increase-the-likelihood-of-subsequent-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#4
Angela Cong, Bradley de Vries, Joanne Ludlow
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that caesarean section at full dilatation is associated with an increased risk of subsequent spontaneous preterm birth. AIM: To investigate the association between caesarean section at full dilatation and spontaneous preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women who had two consecutive births at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, 1989-2015. Our main comparison group was women who had emergency caesarean sections during the first stage of labour...
September 28, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949973/vaginal-progesterone-pessaries-for-pregnant-women-with-a-previous-preterm-birth-to-prevent-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome-the-progress-study-a-multicentre-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Caroline A Crowther, Pat Ashwood, Andrew J McPhee, Vicki Flenady, Thach Tran, Jodie M Dodd, Jeffrey S Robinson
BACKGROUND: Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, as a consequence of preterm birth, is a major cause of early mortality and morbidity. The withdrawal of progesterone, either actual or functional, is thought to be an antecedent to the onset of labour. There remains limited information on clinically relevant health outcomes as to whether vaginal progesterone may be of benefit for pregnant women with a history of a previous preterm birth, who are at high risk of a recurrence. Our primary aim was to assess whether the use of vaginal progesterone pessaries in women with a history of previous spontaneous preterm birth reduced the risk and severity of respiratory distress syndrome in their infants, with secondary aims of examining the effects on other neonatal morbidities and maternal health and assessing the adverse effects of treatment...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948354/timing-of-antenatal-steroids-exposure-and-its-effects-on-neonates
#6
Hester C Q Lau, Janice S Z Tung, Tiffany T C Wong, P L Tan, Shephali Tagore
OBJECTIVE: Antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) has long been regarded as the standard of care for women at risk of preterm labour. There are, however, varying practices and regimes in ACS administration. It is unclear if "a window of efficacy" truly exists and if the benefits of ACS would diminish after 7 days from the first dose. The objective of this study is to determine if the time interval between antenatal corticosteroids and delivery influences the neonatal outcomes in preterm deliveries from 23(+5) to 36(+6) weeks' gestation...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945005/differential-expression-of-myometrial-ap-1-proteins-during-gestation-and-labour
#7
Lubna Nadeem, Tali Farine, Anna Dorogin, Elzbieta Matysiak-Zablocki, Oksana Shynlova, Stephen Lye
Preterm labour (PTL) is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and postnatal morbidity. Contractions of the uterine muscle (myometrium) that determine the onset of labour depend on the expression of contraction-associated proteins (CAPs, i.e. connexin43) regulated by dimeric AP-1 transcription factors. Here, we examined subcellular (by immunoblotting) and tissue expression (by immunohistochemistry) of myometrial AP-1 proteins (cJUN, JUNB, JUND, cFOS, FOSB, FRA1, FRA2) throughout gestation and TL in different species (mouse, rat and human)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937705/interventions-for-treating-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, David Oa Eriksson, Kevin Bengtsson, Göran K Lingman
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis (C.trachomatis) infection may lead to pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, preterm labour, low birthweight, preterm rupture of membranes, increased perinatal mortality, postpartum endometritis, chlamydial conjunctivitis and C.trachomatis pneumonia.This review supersedes a previous review on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To establish the most efficacious and best-tolerated therapy for treatment of genital chlamydial infection in preventing maternal infection and adverse neonatal outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929000/successful-vaginal-delivery-of-naturally-conceived-dicavitary-twin-in-didelphys-uterus-a-rare-reported-case
#9
Houda Nasser Al Yaqoubi, Nishat Fatema
Didelphys uterus, or double uterus, is an embryological developmental malformation of the müllerian ducts with the incidence of approximately 8.3% of all müllerian duct abnormalities (MDAs). Didelphys uterus accompanying dicavitary twin gestation is encountered as a very rare entity with overall incidence of about 1 in 1,000,000. We report a rare case of didelphys uterus, diagnosed since her first pregnancy, and during her fourth pregnancy she conceived dicavitary twin naturally without any infertility treatment...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927391/grand-multiparity-and-the-possible-risk-of-adverse-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-dilemma-to-be-deciphered
#10
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Gehan H Ibrahim, Amel A Fayed, Hazem Al-Mandeel
BACKGROUND: The relation between grand multiparity (GMP) and the possible adverse pregnancy outcomes is not well identified. GMP (parity ≥5 births) frequently occurs in the Arab nations; therefore, this study aimed to identify the correlation between GMP and the different adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in the Saudi population. METHOD: This cohort study was conducted on a total of 3327 women from the labour ward in King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926728/a-retrospective-cohort-review-of-intrahepatic-cholestasis-of-pregnancy-in-a-south-australian-population
#11
Jessica A Marathe, Wei How Lim, Michael P Metz, Wendy Scheil, Gustaaf A Dekker, William M Hague
OBJECTIVE: To review the management and outcomes of Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP) in South Australia (SA) over the past decade. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. SETTING: Public clinics at two teaching hospitals in SA. POPULATION: All pregnancies associated with ICP (defined as pruritus with serum bile acids≥10μmol/L) managed 2001-2010. METHODS: Identification of subjects (laboratory database), detailed chart-review to ascertain demographics, maternal/perinatal outcomes and associated pregnancy comorbidities, analysis of mild/severe disease cohorts, comparison with normal population data, using Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate for continuous variables, and Pearson's chi-square test or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables...
November 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911210/a20-an-essential-component-of-the-ubiquitin-editing-protein-complex-is-a-negative-regulator-of-inflammation-in-human-myometrium-and-foetal-membranes
#12
Martha Lappas
STUDY QUESTION: Does A20 regulate mediators involved in the terminal processes of human labour in primary myometrial and amnion cells? SUMMARY ANSWER: A20 is a nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) responsive gene that acts as a negative regulator of NF-κB-induced expression of pro-labour mediators. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Inflammation is commonly implicated in spontaneous preterm birth and the processes involved in rupture of foetal membranes and uterine contractions...
September 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903933/antibiotics-are-recommended-in-preterm-labour-to-stop-group-b-streptococcal-transmission
#13
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903602/role-of-maternal-serum-ferritin-in-prediction-of-preterm-labour
#14
Khaled Abdel-Malek, Mohamed Ahmed El-Halwagi, Bahaa Eldin Hammad, Osama Azmy, Omneya Helal, Marwa Eid, Mazen Abdel-Rasheed
The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of measurement of serum ferritin level in pregnant women to predict preterm labour. The study included 236 women whose haemoglobin (Hb) levels were ≥10.5 gm/dl and gestational age (GA) was less than 30 weeks. Serum ferritin levels were measured at 30 weeks of gestational age. At the end of the study, 23 women delivered with preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) and 17 women delivered before 37 weeks but without PROM (study group). The rest of the pregnant women (196 women) delivered between 37 and 40 weeks (control group)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901036/preterm-birth-rates-in-japan-from-1979-to-2014-analysis-of-national-vital-statistics
#15
Soyoko Sakata, Shoko Konishi, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Chiho Watanabe
AIM: Secular trends of preterm birth in Japan between 1979 and 2014 were examined to determine whether changes could be explained by a shift in the distribution of maternal age at delivery and parity and/or by changes in age-specific preterm birth rates. METHODS: Live birth data for 1979 to 2014 were obtained from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Analyses were limited to singleton children born in Japan (n = 43 632 786). Preterm birth was defined using two cut-offs at < 37 or < 34 weeks of gestation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882131/an-evaluation-of-interprofessional-group-antenatal-care-a-prospective-comparative-study
#16
Zoë G Hodgson, Lee Saxell, Julian K Christians
BACKGROUND: Maternal and neonatal outcomes are influenced by the nature of antenatal care. Standard pregnancy care is provided on an individual basis, with one-on-one appointments between a client and family doctor, midwife or obstetrician. A novel, group-based antenatal care delivery model was developed in the United States in the 1990s and is growing in popularity beyond the borders of the USA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes in clients receiving interprofessional group perinatal care versus interprofessional individual care in a Canadian setting...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872770/hormone-secreting-adrenal-tumours-cause-severe-hypertension-and-high-rates-of-poor-pregnancy-outcome-a-ukoss-study-with-case-control-comparisons
#17
G Quartermaine, K Lambert, K Rees, P T Seed, M K Dhanjal, M Knight, D R McCance, C Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the management and outcomes of adrenal tumours in pregnancy. DESIGN: A national observational, cohort study over four years using the UK Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS). SETTING: Consultant led obstetric units. PATIENTS: Women with phaeochromocytoma, primary aldosteronism or Cushing's syndrome diagnosed before or during pregnancy. METHODS: Clinical features of UKOSS cases were compared to those of women with adrenal tumours reported from 1985-2015...
September 5, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870155/pessary-or-progesterone-to-prevent-preterm-delivery-in-women-with-short-cervical-length-the-quadruple-p-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Maud D van Zijl, Bouchra Koullali, Christiana A Naaktgeboren, Ewoud Schuit, Dick J Bekedam, Etelka Moll, Martijn A Oudijk, Wilhelmina M van Baal, Marjon A de Boer, Henricus Visser, Joris van Drongelen, Flip W van de Made, Karlijn C Vollebregt, Moira A Muller, Mireille N Bekker, Jozien T J Brons, Marieke Sueters, Josje Langenveld, Maureen T Franssen, Nico W Schuitemaker, Erik van Beek, Hubertina C J Scheepers, Karin de Boer, Eveline M Tepe, Anjoke J M Huisjes, Angelo B Hooker, Evelyn C J Verheijen, Dimitri N Papatsonis, Ben Willem J Mol, Brenda M Kazemier, Eva Pajkrt
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is in quantity and in severity the most important topic in obstetric care in the developed world. Progestogens and cervical pessaries have been studied as potential preventive treatments with conflicting results. So far, no study has compared both treatments. METHODS/DESIGN: The Quadruple P study aims to compare the efficacy of vaginal progesterone and cervical pessary in the prevention of adverse perinatal outcome associated with preterm birth in asymptomatic women with a short cervix, in singleton and multiple pregnancies separately...
September 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844021/tlr2-tlr3-and-tlr5-regulation-of-pro-inflammatory-and-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-primary-myometrial-cells
#19
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
Preterm birth continues to be a significant global health care issue, due to our lack of understanding of the mechanisms that drive human labour and delivery. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are essential in triggering an inflammatory response in human gestational tissues, leading to the production of pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators, and thus preterm birth. The aims of this study were to determine whether the adaptor molecules associated with TLR2, TLR3 and TLR5 signalling are involved in human myometrium...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841850/implementing-the-who-integrated-tool-to-assess-quality-of-care-for-mothers-newborns-and-children-results-and-lessons-learnt-from-five-districts-in-malawi
#20
Helen Smith, Atnafu Getachew Asfaw, Kyaw Myint Aung, Lastone Chikoti, Florence Mgawadere, Luigi d'Aquino, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: In 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a new tool to be used to assess the quality of care for mothers, newborns and children provided at healthcare facility level. This paper reports on the feasibility of using the tool, its limitations and strengths. METHODS: Across 5 districts in Malawi, 35 healthcare facilities were assessed. The WHO tool includes checklists, interviews and observation of case management by which care is assessed against agreed standards using a Likert scale (1 lowest: not meeting standard, 5 highest: compliant with standard)...
August 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
keyword
keyword
23247
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"