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Tendonitys

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667905/essential-role-of-mohawk-for-tenogenic-tissue-homeostasis-including-spinal-disc-and-periodontal-ligament
#1
Ryo Nakamichi, Kensuke Kataoka, Hiroshi Asahara
Tendons and ligaments play essential roles in connecting muscle and bone and stabilizing the connections between bones. The damage to tendons and ligaments caused by aging, injury, and arthritis induces the dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system and reduces the quality of life. Current therapy for damaged tendons and ligaments depends on self-repair; however, it is difficult to reconstruct normal tissue. Regeneration therapy for tendons and ligaments has not been achieved, partly because the mechanism, cell biology, and pathophysiology of tendon and ligament development remain unclear...
April 18, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666077/investigation-and-management-of-an-isolated-complete-distal-avulsion-of-semitendinosus
#2
Idrees Ahmed, Martin Williams, James Murray
A 34-year-old male patient presented with right-sided posteromedial knee pain following an attempted tackle during a soccer match. MRI revealed that the semitendinosus (ST) tendon had completely avulsed from its distal insertion site. The patient was initially managed conservatively but eventually required surgery due to ongoing posteromedial knee pain. Surgical management was achieved through tenodesis of ST to gracilis. Postsurgery, the posteromedial knee pain had been alleviated, and following physiotherapy the patient regained a good range of motion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665604/-foreign-material-free-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-with-hamstring-graft-felmet-technique
#3
Marc Chmielnicki, Wolfram Siebert, Axel Prokop
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common sports injury. Shear forces can damage the articular cartilage and lead to early osteoarthritis. Ligamentary stabilisation of the knee is necessary. Today, arthroscopic ACL repair is a standard knee procedure. Transplant fixation is often performed using implants, e.g. interference screws. The foreign material-free procedure using the Felmet technique enables biological, mechanically stable fixation of the hamstring tendon graft. We demonstrate the surgical technique, including meniscus suture and a video case study...
April 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665044/comparative-anatomy-and-development-of-pectoral-and-pelvic-girdles-in-hylid-anurans
#4
Mónica C Soliz, María Laura Ponssa, Virginia Abdala
The development of the tetrapod pectoral and pelvic girdles is intimately linked to the proximal segments of the fore- and hindlimbs. Most studies on girdles are osteological and provide little information about soft elements such as muscles and tendons. Moreover, there are few comparative developmental studies. Comparative data gleaned from cleared-and-stained whole mounts and serial histological sections of 10 species of hylid frogs are presented here. Adult skeletal morphology, along with bones, muscles, and connective tissue of both girdles and their association with the proximal portions of the anuran fore- and hindlimbs are described...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664803/posterior-shoulder-dislocation-associated-with-the-head-splitting-and-humeral-neck-fracture-impact-of-understanding-radiologic-signs-and-experience-with-an-extended-deltopectoral-approach
#5
Kemal Gokkus, Ergin Sagtas, Hasan Kara, Ahmet T Aydin
In this paper, our main objective was to emphasize the competency of extended deltopectoral exposure, enforced with the supraspinatus and subscapularis detachment, to gain access to the entire head. The second important point in this paper was to underline the importance of the knowledge that is necessary for interpreting classic radiologic signs of posterior fracture-dislocation of the shoulder. A 47-year-old woman fell down directly onto her shoulder while she was skiing. She was diagnosed with posterior shoulder dislocation, associated with fracture of the head (head splitting) and humeral neck fracture, with the aid of plain radiographs and computed tomographic results...
April 11, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664017/specialized-fibroblast-differentiated-states-underlie-scar-formation-in-the-infarcted-mouse-heart
#6
Xing Fu, Hadi Khalil, Onur Kanisicak, Justin G Boyer, Ronald J Vagnozzi, Bryan D Maliken, Michelle A Sargent, Vikram Prasad, Iñigo Valiente-Alandi, Burns C Blaxall, Jeffery D Molkentin
Fibroblasts are a dynamic cell type that achieve selective differentiated states to mediate acute wound healing and long-term tissue remodeling with scarring. With myocardial infarction injury, cardiomyocytes are replaced by secreted extracellular matrix proteins produced by proliferating and differentiating fibroblasts. Here, we employed 3 different mouse lineage-tracing models and stage-specific gene profiling to phenotypically analyze and classify resident cardiac fibroblast dynamics during myocardial infarction injury and stable scar formation...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664015/a-new-concept-of-fibroblast-dynamics-in-post-myocardial-infarction-remodeling
#7
Thomas Eschenhagen
The identity and function of the fibroblast, a highly prevalent cell type in the heart, have remained poorly defined. Recent faithful genetic lineage-tracing studies revealed that during development, the cardiac fibroblasts are derived from the epicardium and the endothelium, whereas in the adult heart, they constitute the cardiac injury-responsive resident fibroblast. In the current issue of the JCI, Molkentin and colleagues decipher the time course and mechanism of the fibroblast in response to myocardial infarction (MI)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663091/anatomical-feasibility-study-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-transfer-in-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-and-posteromedial-portal-of-ankle-arthroscopy
#8
Haijiao Mao, Linger Wang, Wenwei Dong, Zhenxin Liu, Weigang Yin, Dachuan Xu, Keith L Wapner
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of anatomical variations of the musculotendinous junction of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) muscle, the relationship between FHL tendon or muscle and the tibial neurovascular bundle at the level of the posterior ankle joint in human cadavers. METHODS: Seventy embalmed feet from 20 male and 15 female cadavers, the cadavers' mean age was 65.4 (range from 14 to 82) years, were dissected and anatomically classified to observe FHL muscle morphology define the relationship between FHL tendon or muscle and the tibial neurovascular bundle...
April 16, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663013/bone-to-bone-integrations-were-complete-within-5-months-after-anatomical-rectangular-tunnel-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-a-bone-patellar-tendon-bone-graft
#9
Hironari Masuda, Shuji Taketomi, Hiroshi Inui, Naoya Shimazaki, Nobuhiro Nishihara, Seikai Toyooka, Hirotaka Kawano, Takumi Nakagawa
PURPOSE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) graft is known to provide secure fixation due to the direct bone-to-bone integration of the bone plug and bone tunnel. It is important to know the time required for bone integration when designing the postoperative rehabilitation protocol or deciding when the patient can return to competition-level activity, especially if the patient is an athlete. However, because reports are scarce, the period necessary for bone-to-bone integration after ACL reconstruction using a BTB graft remains unclear...
April 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662910/outcomes-and-return-to-sport-after-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-adolescent-athletes
#10
Michael Saper, Stephanie Pearce, Joseph Shung, Robert Zondervan, Roger Ostrander, James R Andrews
Background: The number of adolescent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is rising with increased participation in higher level athletics at earlier ages. With an increasing number of primary ACL reconstructions (ACLRs) comes a rise in the incidence of revision ACLRs. Purpose: To evaluate the clinical results of revision ACLR across a group of high-level adolescent athletes with at least 2-year follow-up. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662762/local-administration-of-trolox-a-vitamin-e-analog-reduced-tendon-adhesion-in-a-chicken-model-of-flexor-digitorum-profundus-tendon-injury
#11
Yuk Wa Lee, Sai Chuen Fu, Tsui Yu Mok, Kai Ming Chan, Leung Kim Hung
Background: Hand flexor tendon injuries are compromised with tendon adhesion. Tendon adhesion forms between flexor tendon and tendon sheath, reduces the range of motion of fingers, and affects their function. Oxidative stress is increased in flexor tendon after injury and might play a role in tendon adhesion formation. Trolox (6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid), a water-soluble analog of vitamin E, is antioxidative. Trolox reduced oxidative stress and the expression of fibrotic cytokines in the bile gut ligation animal model...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662599/-spontaneous-simultaneous-bilateral-rupture-of-the-quadriceps-tendon-in-patients-with-parathyroid-adenoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Amour Espoir Mokoko-Louckou, Badarou Chaibou, Ismail Abdouli, Kevin Parfait Bienvenu Bouhelo-Pam, Mohammed El Idrissi, Mohammed Shimi, Abdelhalim El Ibrahimi, Abdelmajid El Mrini
Spontaneous as well as bilateral and simultaneous rupture of the quadriceps tendon is rare. We report the case of a 53-year old patient followed up for parathyroid adenoma complicated by renal failure, admitted for spontaneous bilateral rupture of the two quadriceps tendons. He underwent surgical repair allowing him to maintain his autonomy.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661081/measuring-visualized-tendon-length-in-peroneal-tendoscopy
#13
Michael Hull, John T Campbell, Clifford L Jeng, R Frank Henn, Rebecca A Cerrato
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple studies outlining peroneal tendoscopy, no study exists to evaluate how effective tendoscopy is at visualizing the peroneal tendons without missing a lesion. We sought to measure the length of the peroneal tendons that could be visualized using tendoscopy. METHODS: Ten fresh cadaveric specimens were evaluated using standard peroneal tendoscopy techniques. Peroneus longus and brevis tendons were pierced percutaneously with Kirschner wires at the edge of what could be seen through the camera...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659428/rotator-cuff-tear-morphologic-parameters-at-magnetic-resonance-imaging-relationship-with-muscle-atrophy-and-fatty-infiltration-and-patient-reported-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Nathalie J Bureau, Maguy Deslauriers, Marianne Lepage-Saucier, Dominique M Rouleau, André Roy, Patrice Tétreault, Nicola Hagemeister
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between rotator cuff tear (RCT) morphologic parameters and muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration, and patient-reported outcome measures, in patients with symptomatic full-thickness RCT. METHODS: Rotator cuff tear location, length, width, thickness, and musculotendinous junction position were assessed in 57 magnetic resonance imaging scans and correlated to the outcome measures using multivariate regression analysis...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659379/bony-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-glenoid-rim
#15
Laurent B Willemot, Bassem T Elhassan, Olivier Verborgt
Recurrent anterior shoulder instability is associated with glenohumeral bone loss. Glenoid deficiency compromises the concavity-compression mechanism. Medial Hill-Sachs lesions can result in an off-track humeral position. Anterior glenoid reconstruction or augmentation prevents recurrence by addressing the pathomechanics. In Bristow and Latarjet procedures, the coracoid process is harvested for conjoint tendon transfer, capsular reinforcement, and glenoid rim restoration. Complications and the nonanatomic nature of the procedure have spurred research on graft sources...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658926/evaluation-of-stem-cell-therapies-in-a-bilateral-patellar-tendon-injury-model-in-rats
#16
John R Wagner, Takashi Taguchi, Jane Y Cho, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath, Dominique J Griffon
Regenerative medicine provides novel alternatives to conditions that challenge traditional treatments. The prevalence and morbidity of tendinopathy across species, combined with the limited healing properties of this tissue, have prompted the search for cellular therapies and propelled the development of experimental models to study their efficacy. Umbilical cord matrix-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCM-MSC) are appealing candidates because they are abundant, easy to collect, circumvent the ethical concerns and risk of teratoma formation, yet resemble primitive embryonic stem cells more closely than adult tissue-derived MSCs...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658814/combined-spring-and-deltoid-ligament-repair-in-adult-acquired-flatfoot
#17
Caio Nery, André Vitor Kerber C Lemos, Fernando Raduan, Nacime Salomão B Mansur, Daniel Baumfeld
BACKGROUND: Adult-acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) is usually due to a combination of mechanical failure of the osteoligamentous complex that maintains the medial longitudinal arch of the foot and attenuation or complete tear of the posterior tibial tendon. Magnetic resonance imaging studies in patients with flatfoot deformities have reported the posterior tibial tendon to be pathologic in up to 100% of patients, the spring ligament in up to 87%, and the deltoid ligament in 33%. Many studies in the literature describe reconstruction of the spring ligament or the deltoid ligament associated with AAFD, but there is no study in which both (spring and deltoid) ligaments are reconstructed at the same time...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658519/biomechanical-evaluation-of-tendon-connection-with-novel-suture-techniques
#18
Zhe Chen, Jun Wang, Jia-Sen Wei, Zhao-Yang Hou, Min Li, Qi-Xin Chen
PURPOSE: Achilles tendon rupture is a severe injury with poor curative effect due to its anatomical characteristic and mechanical peculiarity. Internal fixation of limited loop (IFLL) with steel-wire has been applied on patients with tendon rupture to fix the broken ends before physical rehabilitation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the biomechanical property and radiological characteristic of such suture technique for the repairment of tendon rupture. METHODS: Tendons of pigs' hint feet were separated for the biomechanical study...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658516/optimization-of-differentiation-time-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-to-tenocyte-under-a-cyclic-stretching-with-a-microgrooved-culture-membrane-and-selected-measurement-cells
#19
Yasuyuki Morita, Takahiro Yamashita, Toku Toku, Yang Ju
PURPOSE: There is a need for efficient stem cell-to-tenocyte differentiation techniques for tendon tissue engineering. More than 1 week is required for tenogenic differentiation with chemical stimuli, including co-culturing. Research has begun to examine the utility of mechanical stimuli, which reduces the differentiation time to several days. However, the precise length of time required to differentiate human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) into tenocytes has not been clarified...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658334/the-modified-brunelli-procedure-a-simple-passage-for-the-flexor-carpi-radialis-tendon-graft
#20
V Sharma, Z Haider, A Hunter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
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