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Nasal packing

Jill K Logan, Hardin Pantle
PURPOSE: The role of topical tranexamic acid in the management of anterior epistaxis in adult patients in the emergency department (ED) is examined. SUMMARY: The use of alternative agents for the treatment of epistaxis before the use of nasal packing may be reasonable due to patient discomfort, potential complications, and the need for follow-up with a healthcare provider for packing removal. One such agent is tranexamic acid. Two published studies evaluated the off-label use of topical tranexamic acid for the treatment of epistaxis...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
B Verillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Pruliere Escabasse, E Béquignon, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on second-line treatment of epistaxis in adults, after failure of anterior and/or anterior-posterior nasal packing. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
October 17, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Jamie Y Kim, Chung H Kau, Terpsithea Christou, Maja Ovsenik, Young Guk Park
: The purpose of this study is to compare 3-dimensional facial averages of Asians (Koreans and Chinese) and Houstonian white faces using a (3-dimensional) surface imaging system. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of Korean adults (Seoul, Korea) with class I malocclusion captured using the 3dMDface. The images of 138 Koreans were processed to generate average male and female facial shells using Rapidform 2006 plus pack 2 software and then superimposed and compared with the average shells of Chinese adults (Xi' An, China) and white adults (Houston, Tex...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Tao Xie, Wei Sun, Xiaobiao Zhang, Tengfei Liu, Hailing Ding, Fan Hu, Yong Yu, Ye Gu
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the value of three-dimensional (3D) fast-imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting non-iatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea and compared it with regular MRI and 3D magnetisation prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo (MPRAGE) MRI sequences, as well as high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging. We also present the endoscopic experiences of such cases. METHOD: From June 2011 to Feb 2016, 17 patients with non-iatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea were included...
October 13, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Filippo Ricciardiello, Elena Cantone, Teresa Abate, Antonella M Di Lullo, Flavia Oliva, Maurizio Iengo, Giuseppe De Bernardo
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates endoscopic and quality of life (QoL) outcomes in two groups, composed by both allergic (A) and non-allergic (N-A) adolescents undergoing septoplasty with concurrent turbinate surgery by radiofrequency treated after surgery with nasal spray containing liposomes and vitamins A and E. METHODS: This double-blind randomized study was carried out on 40 patients (22 males, 18 females, mean age 15.5 ± 1.0 years) undergoing septoplasty and volumetric tissue reduction of inferior turbinates by radiofrequency for post-traumatic deformities and severe nasal obstruction...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
John R Richards, Erik G Laurin, Nabil Tabish, Richard A Lange
BACKGROUND: Topical cocaine is sometimes used for the treatment of epistaxis, as it has both potent anesthetic and vasoconstrictive properties. Cocaine has unpredictable cardiovascular effects, such as sudden hypertension, tachycardia, coronary arterial vasoconstriction, and dysrhythmia. CASE REPORT: We report a case of acute iatrogenic cardiovascular toxicity from the use of topical cocaine in a 56-year-old man presenting to the Emergency Department with profound epistaxis...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kalyan Sarma, H Prasad, Gunjan Das, P Behera, S K Behera, J B Rajesh, S K Borthakur
To know the prevalence of theileriosis infection, haemato-biochemical alteration and efficacy of Oxytetracycline in combination with Diaminazene aceturate injection against theileriosis in Lushai hill district of Mizoram; fifty five cross bred cattle were screened during July, 2013 to November, 2013. The prevalence of tropical theileriosis was 9.09 % based on blood smear examination. Clinical features of the disease were manifested by high rise of body temperature 104.8 ± 1.2 °F, lymphadenopathy, inability to walk, anorexia, listlessness, moderate anaemia, nasal discharge, edema of eye and corneal opacity...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Samuel J C Fishpool, Anthony Amato-Watkins, Caroline Hayhurst
The objective is to assess whether free middle turbinate (FMT) graft reconstruction, after endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery, combines an acceptably low post-operative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak rate with acceptable rhinological morbidity. This study identified 50 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery by the senior author in our teaching hospital between May 2011 and June 2012. FMT graft reconstruction was used in 32 cases. 18 patients were judged pre-operatively as not suitable for FMT reconstruction according to a novel skull base reconstructive algorithm...
September 1, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
E Béquignon, N Teissier, A Gauthier, L Brugel, H De Kermadec, A Coste, V Prulière-Escabasse
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to determine an efficient and safe primary strategy care for paediatric epistaxis. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and Cochrane databases for studies referenced with key words 'epistaxis AND childhood'. This search yielded 32 research articles about primary care in childhood epistaxis (from 1989 to 2015). Bibliographic references found in these articles were also examined to identify pertinent literature. We compared our results to the specific management of adult epistaxis classically described in the literature...
August 19, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
N Oker, V Dupuch, P Herman, N Leclerc, P Vironneau, H Dang, J Majer, R Pastourel, Y Pavier, J-P Blancal, N Saroul, T Mom, R Kania, E Vicaut, L Gilain, B Verillaud
Evaluation of endoscopic ethmoidectomy performed as a day-case in terms of security, quality, and satisfaction of the patient. This prospective observatory bi-centric study over 1 year included 74 patients undergoing an ethmoidectomy respecting the eligibility criteria of ambulatory care. We recorded patients' demographic data, operative details, satisfaction, postoperative course, and follow-up results. Nasal symptoms were evaluated by SNOT-22 on preoperative appointment and postoperatively at D30. No non-absorbable nasal packing was used, eventually in the case of preoperative-bleeding absorbable gelatine packing...
August 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
J Drozd-Sokołowska, J Sokołowski, P Biecek, K Niemczyk, G W Basak, W Wiktor-Jędrzejczak
BACKGROUND: Although rhinosinusitis constitutes a major clinical problem in general population, data on rhinosinusitis in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) are scarce. Therefore, the aim of the study was to assess the frequency of rhinosinusitis, the impact of rhinosinusitis on post-alloHSCT outcome, and to analyze risk factors potentially predisposing to rhinosinusitis. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of acute leukemia patients undergoing alloHSCT...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
O C Wakelam, P A Dimitriadis, J Stephens
INTRODUCTION It is standard practice in the UK that if conservative measures or chemical cautery fail to control epistaxis, patients receive nasal packing which is often uncomfortable, requires admission and has well documented associated morbidity. Our study aims to evaluate the use of FloSeal haemostatic sealant in managing patients with epistaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were identified from those referred with active epistaxis. A successful outcome was defined as complete haemostasis with FloSeal alone, with no further significant bleeding requiring admission or further interventions in the subsequent 7 days...
August 4, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Allison K Royer, Mark C Royer
Posterior epistaxis is a serious condition that can be difficult to treat in a wilderness setting. The initial standard of care involves packing the affected nostril with a 7 to 9 cm nasal pack to tamponade the bleed. These packs are often unavailable outside of the emergency or operating room. This study set out to determine whether a posterior nasal pack could be constructed from the supplies present in a basic first aid kit in order to control massive nasal hemorrhage in a wilderness setting. A basic first aid kit was utilized to construct a posterior nasal pack that was inserted into an anatomical model and visibly compared with the Rapid Rhino (Posterior, 7...
September 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Guoqin Yu, Mitchell H Gail, Dario Consonni, Michele Carugno, Michael Humphrys, Angela C Pesatori, Neil E Caporaso, James J Goedert, Jacques Ravel, Maria Teresa Landi
BACKGROUND: The human lung tissue microbiota remains largely uncharacterized, although a number of studies based on airway samples suggest the existence of a viable human lung microbiota. Here we characterized the taxonomic and derived functional profiles of lung microbiota in 165 non-malignant lung tissue samples from cancer patients. RESULTS: We show that the lung microbiota is distinct from the microbial communities in oral, nasal, stool, skin, and vagina, with Proteobacteria as the dominant phylum (60 %)...
2016: Genome Biology
Griffin D Santarelli, Joseph K Han
The use of biomaterials, which include nasal packing and sinus stents, has an evolving role in the postoperative management of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps. Some of these biomaterials include drug-eluting properties. The usage of biomaterials postoperatively is both surgeon and patient specific. The published literature supports the use of these products and demonstrates the ability to limit swelling, lateralization and reduce polyp regrowth postoperatively. However, there are heterogeneity in both available materials and results that the otolaryngologist must factor in to the decision-making algorithm...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Iago González Fernández, Manuel Ángel Iglesias Otero
Thomas (1) stated that simply watching an expert do a procedure will not increase a student's ability to perform that procedure. In this way, training should consist of more than a slow demonstration of a procedure at the bedside by an instructor (2) . Epistaxis is a common and potentially life-threatening condition. In the emergency room, doctors admit around 81% of nasally packed patients under ENT, but only 17% have received training about managing epistaxis (3) . Moreover, the subsequent consequences that nasal pack replacement causes, including further pain and discomfort and the lack of training has implications for patient safety (3,4) ...
July 25, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Daniela Mitiyo Odagiri Utiyama, Carolina Tieko Yoshida, Danielle Miyuki Goto, Tômas de Santana Carvalho, Ubiratan de Paula Santos, Andreas Rembert Koczulla, Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva, Naomi Kondo Nakagawa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess nasal mucociliary clearance, mucus properties and inflammation in smokers and subjects enrolled in a Smoking Cessation Program (referred to as quitters). METHOD: A total of 33 subjects with a median (IQR) smoking history of 34 (20-58) pack years were examined for nasal mucociliary clearance using a saccharine transit test, mucus properties using contact angle and sneeze clearability tests, and quantification of inflammatory and epithelial cells, IL-6 and IL-8 concentrations in nasal lavage fluid...
July 2016: Clinics
I Shrestha, M Pokharel, A Dhakal, R Cm Amatya, S Madhup, J B Sherchan
Background Nasal packs are utilized nearly by otorhinolaryngologists for controlling epistaxis and post nasal procedures. Complications have been reported due to them; therefore the use of antibiotics is a common practice among otorhinolaryngologists. Objective To detect microbiological flora associated with nasal packing and find evidence to support the benefit of systemic antibiotics with it. Method A prospective, analytical study was conducted on 51 patients presenting to the Department of ENT, KUSMS from June to September 2015 who required nasal packing...
October 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Abdullah Dalgic, Abdulhalim Is, Mehmet Emre Dinc, Seckin Ulusoy, Mehmet Özgür Avinçsal, Mehmet Kulekci
BACKGROUND: This study compared the effects of nasal packing and transseptal suturing after septoplasty by evaluating olfactory function, pain, and mucociliary clearance. METHODS: The study enrolled 39 patients diagnosed with isolated septal deviation. The patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. In Group A (n = 21), transseptal sutures were placed for septal stabilization after the septoplasty. In Group B (n = 18), both nasal passages were packed with Merocel tampons after the septoplasty...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Dawei Li, Wei Wang, Yan Lin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of nasal septal suture in septoplasty. METHOD: Sixty patients who had undergone septoplasty were allocated into two groups: packing group and suturing group. Post-operative signs and symptoms (visual analogue scale) were compared between the two groups. RESULT: The patients of packing group experienced significantly more postoperative pain, epiphora, tinnitus, ear fullness, sleep disturbance and nasal congestion(P<0...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
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