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Nasal packing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125679/topical-tranexamic-acid-compared-with-anterior-nasal-packing-for-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-patients-taking-antiplatelet-drugs-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Reza Zahed, Mohammad Hossain Mousavi Jazayeri, Asieh Naderi, Zeinab Naderpour, Morteza Saeedi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of topical application of the injectable form of tranexamic acid (TXA) compared with anterior nasal packing (ANP) for the treatment of epistaxis in patients taking antiplatelet drugs (Aspirin, Clopidegrol or both) who presented to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: A randomized, parallel group clinical trial was conducted at 2 EDs. A total of 124 participants were randomized to receive topical TXA (500 mg in 5 ml) or ANP, 62 patients per group...
November 10, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105352/evaluation-of-nasal-mucociliary-clearance-using-saccharin-test-in-smokers-a-prospective-study
#2
Seyhan Dülger, Önder Akdeniz, Fevzi Solmaz, Özlem Şengören Dikiş, Tekin Yildiz
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nasal muco-ciliary clearance time (NMCT) can be measured with the saccharine clearance test which is an inexpensive and easy method. The aim of the present study was to compare and evaluate NMCT using the saccharine clearance test in smokers and non-smokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients whose ages ranged from 18 to 65 years were included in the study. Fifty of the patients were smokers (Group 1) while 35 were healthy, non-smoking volunteers (Group 2)...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083529/evaluation-of-patient-nasal-saline-irrigation-practices-following-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#3
Frederick Yoo, Elisabeth H Ference, Edward C Kuan, Jivianne T Lee, Marilene B Wang, Jeffrey D Suh
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is an effective treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Postoperative management strategies after FESS often vary from surgeon to surgeon. Recent data suggests that nasal saline irrigation following FESS is almost universally recommended; however, patient adherence has not been formally evaluated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate postoperative nasal irrigation practices and its effects on short-term outcomes in post-FESS patients...
October 30, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070275/long-term-follow-up-of-a-patient-with-malignant-transformation-of-inverted-papilloma-into-sinonasal-undifferentiated-carcinoma
#4
Carolyn A Orgain, Terry Y Shibuya, Lester D Thompson, David B Keschner, Rohit Garg, Jivianne T Lee
INTRODUCTION: Inverted papillomas (IP) are benign sinonasal neoplasms, which account for 0.5-4% of all nasal tumors. IPs have been known to transform into squamous cell carcinoma in 5-15% of cases. Rarely, transformations to other malignancies have been reported. Here we report a unique case of malignant transformation of an IP into sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC). METHODS: A case report with a literature review; institutional review board exempted. The clinical presentation, radiographic features, surgical intervention, histopathologic analysis, treatment, and outcome of the case were examined...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986000/the-effect-of-light-emitting-diode-590-830%C3%A2-nm-based-low-level-laser-therapy-on-posttraumatic-edema-of-facial-bone-fracture-patients
#5
Woo Yeol Baek, Il Hwan Byun, In Sik Yun, Jae Yoon Kim, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew, Young Seok Kim
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients may interfere with the operation field and delay the schedule. Thus, swiftly reducing the edema alleviates patient discomfort and advances the operation date. Ice packing and compression bandages are often used for such a purpose, but such methods are often inconvenient for the face. In this study, we aim to analyze the effect of light-emitting diode (LED) (590/830 nm)-based low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in posttraumatic edema in facial bone fracture patients...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978608/aspiration-of-nasopore-nasal-packing
#6
Jonathan Smith, Ekambar Reddy
We present a case of postoperative Nasopore aspiration in an otherwise fit and well 11-year-old. An endoscopic adenoidectomy had been performed without incident and Nasopore packing placed into each nasal cavity. Immediately after extubation, there was marked hypoxia, tachypnoea and high clinical suspicion of pack aspiration. The patient returned to theatre for emergency rigid bronchoscopy and retrieval of nasal packing.
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940582/randomized-controlled-trial-of-steroid-soaked-absorbable-calcium-alginate-nasal-packing-following-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#7
Chi Sang Hwang, Salma Saud Al Sharhan, Bo Ra Kim, Soo In Kim, Jin Woong Kim, Hyung-Ju Cho, Joo-Heon Yoon, Chang-Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the potential efficacy of steroid-soaked, absorbable calcium alginate nasal packing following endoscopic sinus surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-two patients (44 nostrils) who had chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps underwent bilateral endoscopic sinus surgery. Only those with an intersinus difference in Lund-Mackay severity score of 1 or less were included...
September 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930926/fractures-of-the-nasal-bones-is-external-splinting-really-warranted
#8
Ourania Schoinohoriti, Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, George Rallis
BACKGROUND: It has been advocated that reduction of nasal bone fractures should be followed by internal packing and/or external splinting. Despite the ample literature concerning the advantages and limitations of various splint types, the necessity and effectiveness of external splinting has not been well documented. OBJECTIVE: To present the authors' experience and review the literature on treatment of nasal bone fractures, focusing on the indications and effectiveness of external splinting following closed reduction...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917002/comparison-on-effectiveness-of-trans-septal-suturing-versus-nasal-packing-after-septoplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Wei-Wei Wang, Bao-Cheng Dong
This systematic review applied meta-analytic procedures to evaluate the curative effect of trans-septal suturing versus nasal packing after septoplasty. Computerized search of the published literature in PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, WANFANG, CNKI databases. Randomized trials investigating trans-septal suturing versus nasal packing following septoplasty in patients with deviated nasal septum. Adhesion, septal hematoma, bleeding, septal perforation, infection, pain, headache, or residual septal deviation per randomized patients...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913284/comparison-study-of-the-use-of-absorbable-materials-as-internal-splints-with-airway-silicone-splint-and-absorbable-materials-as-internal-splints-alone
#10
So Young Ji, Seung Soo Kim, Ki Sung Park, Bong Soo Baik
BACKGROUND: Packing after closed reduction of nasal fracture causes uncomfortable nasal obstruction in patients. We packed the superior meatus with synthetic polyurethane foam (SPF) to support the nasal bone, and packed the middle nasal meatus with a nasal airway splint (NAS) and SPF. The aim of this article is prospectively to compare the subjective patient discomfort of SPF (Nasopore Forte plus) packing alone and SPF with NAS. METHODS: We compared the prospectively subjective patient discomfort of SPF packing alone (group A) and SPF with NAS (group B) via visual analog scale (VAS; 0, no symptom; 100, most severe symptom)...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878054/sneeze-to-leave-african-wild-dogs-lycaon-pictus-use-variable-quorum-thresholds-facilitated-by-sneezes-in-collective-decisions
#11
Reena H Walker, Andrew J King, J Weldon McNutt, Neil R Jordan
In despotically driven animal societies, one or a few individuals tend to have a disproportionate influence on group decision-making and actions. However, global communication allows each group member to assess the relative strength of preferences for different options among their group-mates. Here, we investigate collective decisions by free-ranging African wild dog packs in Botswana. African wild dogs exhibit dominant-directed group living and take part in stereotyped social rallies: high energy greeting ceremonies that occur before collective movements...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873075/intraoperative-magnesium-sulphate-decreases-agitation-and-pain-in-patients-undergoing-functional-endoscopic-surgery-a-randomised-double-blind-study
#12
Hazem E Elsersy, Magdy Ch Metyas, Hana A Elfeky, Ahmed A Hassan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative agitation is harmful for the patient as it may be associated with removal of catheters, nasal packs, oxygen masks and self-injury, and pose a danger to operating theatre staff. OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the potential role of magnesium sulphate in treatment of postoperative agitation following functional endoscopic sinus surgery. DESIGN: A randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: ENT operating room, Menofia University Hospitals, Egypt...
October 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859245/comparison-of-the-effect-of-aerosolized-fibrin-sealant-and-biodegradable-synthetic-polyurethane-foam-on-hemostasis-and-wound-healing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-study
#13
Moon Sik Jung, Chang Hwan Choi, Myeong Sang Yu
BACKGROUND: Use of absorbable packing materials after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is associated with increased patient comfort and a lack of need for packing removal. Different materials may induce different patterns of mucosal healing and hemostasis. This study investigated the effect of fibrin sealant (FS; Tisseel) or biodegradable synthetic polyurethane foam (Nasopore(®) ) packing on hemostasis and wound healing after FESS. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled trial included 35 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral FESS for chronic rhinosinusitis...
August 31, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806289/augmentation-of-the-nasal-dorsum-using-the-multi-stripped-autologous-cartilage-technique-mact
#14
Liqiang Liu, Zhaoyun Bu, Jincai Fan, Jia Tian, Cheng Gan, Zengjie Yang, Hu Jiao
Nasal augmentation is a popular modern technique requested by many Asian people.There are two kinds of autologous cartilage used to augment the nose at present: carved as a monobloc or diced into pieces. Each approach has its pros and cons.We performed our surgical technique on a group of 28 patients. Twenty of these patients had had several rhinoplasties performed before referral to our hospital; 8 of these patients had undergone a primary rhinoplasty. bilateral conchal, nasal septum, or rib cartilage were harvested, deep temporal fascia or abdominal muscle fascia to be prepared for packing stripped cartilage were also removed at this time...
August 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718267/giant-haemangioma-of-nasopharynx-a-rare-case-outcome
#15
Haissan Iftikhar, Moghira Iqbaluddin Siddiqui
A 60-year-old female presented to us with a 5-year history of progressive right sided nasal obstruction and recurrent epistaxis. On examination lesion was seen in the right nostril which was firm and bled on probing. CT-scan paranasal sinuses showed a right sided lesion of nose and naso-pharnyx obstructing posterior nasal choanae. Dimensions were reported to be 9×4.1×3.8 cm. A punch biopsy was taken in operating room under general anaesthesia which resulted in profuse bleeding. Suction cautery was used to control bleeding and the nose was packed...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716175/are-prophylactic-systemic-antibiotics-necessary-with-nasal-packing-a-systematic-review
#16
Jessica L Lange, Erin H Peeden, Scott P Stringer
BACKGROUND: The use of prophylactic systemic antibiotics with nasal packing has been a controversial topic. There are few evidence-based studies to determine the need for prophylactic systemic antibiotics. We performed a systematic literature review to determine the role of prophylactic systemic antibiotics with nasal packing in the prevention of toxic shock syndrome and local nasal infections. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic literature review to determine the role of prophylactic systemic antibiotics with nasal packing in the prevention of toxic shock syndrome and local nasal infections...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688212/treatment-disparities-in-the-management-of-epistaxis-in-united-states-emergency-departments
#17
Rosh K V Sethi, Elliott D Kozin, Nicholas B Abt, Regan Bergmark, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVES: There is limited data on epistaxis presentation and management patterns in U.S. emergency departments (EDs). We aim to characterize patients who present to the ED with epistaxis and identify factors associated with nasal-packing use. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from 2009 to 2011. METHODS: NEDS was queried for patient visits with a primary diagnosis of epistaxis (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code 784...
July 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685311/comparing-nasal-packing-with-trans-septal-suturing-following-septoplasty-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Mohammadhossein Dadgarnia, Mojtaba Meybodian, Akbar Karbasi, Mohammadhossein Baradaranfar, Saeid Atighechi, Vahid Zand, Sedighe Vaziribozorg
It has been shown that nasal packing after septoplasty is associated with several complications. Our aim was to compare post-septoplasty nasal packing and trans-septal suturing, in terms of complications and outcome of operation. This randomized clinical trial was performed on patients with deviated nasal septum who were candidates for septoplasty. Patients were visited three times after operation (on the first 48 h, first week, and third post-operative month). Participants were checked for having common complications...
July 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638289/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#19
REVIEW
Cameron Grigg, Daniel Anderson, James Earnshaw
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare genetic disorder known for its debilitating symptoms. More than 90% of patients with HHT experience epistaxis, and they average up to 18 bleeds per month. We review the current literature on the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management of HHT. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed and identified 19 articles published since 2000 with current information on HHT. RESULTS: HHT is a disease more commonly associated with significant morbidity rather than mortality...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631676/-the-influence-of-nasal-packing-on-the-quality-of-life-in-the-early-postoperative-period-following-septoplastic-surgery
#20
M N Mel'nikov, A S Val'ger
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of anterior nasal packing on the physical health condition and the quality of life of the patients in the early postoperative period following septoplastic surgery and to propose an alternative to the anterior nasal packing procedure. The study included 90 patients divided into three groups. Those of the first group underwent endoscopic septoplasty, the patients of the second group were managed by standard septoplastic surgery, and the patients of group 3 were given treatment with the use of modified septoplasty including the application of a fibrin sealant as an alternative to nasal tampons...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
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