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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169096/neuromuscular-compensatory-strategies-at-the-trunk-and-lower-limb-are-not-resolved-following-an-acl-reconstruction
#1
Grant Boggess, Kristin Morgan, Darren Johnson, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Jeffrey A Reinbolt, Brian Noehren
BACKGROUND: Following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), patients present with greater trunk ipsilateral lean, which may affect knee kinetics and increase re-injury risk. However, there has been little research into neuromuscular factors controlling the trunk and their relation to the knee between healthy and ACLR subjects. This is critical to establish in order to develop more directed and effective interventions. HYPOTHESIS: As compared to healthy control subjects, ACLR subjects will demonstrate increased erector spinae and rectus abdominis co-contraction, greater rectus abdominis force and greater hamstring force that is correlated to increased forward trunk lean...
November 13, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168967/menstrual-irregularity-and-use-of-oral-contraceptives-in-female-adolescent-athletes-in-swedish-national-sports-high-schools
#2
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Fridén
Objective Female adolescent athletes seem to use oral contraceptives (OCs) in the same proportion as the general population. In athletes not using OCs, menstrual irregularity (MI) is reported to be common but there are few studies of MI in adolescent athletes. The aim of the study was to survey menarche, menstrual irregularity and use of OCs in adolescent athletes in the National Sports High Schools in Sweden. A further aim was to study the associations between current sport injury and menstrual irregularity as well as use of OCs...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167954/no-implant-migration-and-good-subjective-outcome-of-a-novel-customized-femoral-resurfacing-metal-implant-for-focal-chondral-lesions
#3
Anders Stålman, Olof Sköldenberg, Nicolas Martinez-Carranza, David Roberts, Magnus Högström, Leif Ryd
PURPOSE: Managing focal cartilage injuries in the middle-aged patient poses a challenge. Focal prosthetic inlay resurfacing has been proposed to be a bridge between biologics and conventional joint arthroplasty. Patient selection and accurate implant positioning is crucial to avoid increased contact pressure to the opposite cartilage surface. A customized femoral condyle implant for focal cartilage injuries was designed to precisely fit each patient's individual size and location of damage...
November 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166934/arthroscopic-patellar-release-for-treatment-of-chronic-symptomatic-patellar-tendinopathy-long-term-outcome-and-influential-factors-in-an-athletic-population
#4
Gernot Lang, Jan M Pestka, Dirk Maier, Kaywan Izadpanah, Norbert Südkamp, Peter Ogon
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic patellar release (APR) is utilized for minimally invasive surgical treatment of patellar tendinopathy. Evidence regarding long-term success following the procedure is limited. Also, the influence of age and preoperative performance level, are incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether APR translates into sustained pain relief over a long-term follow-up in athletes undergoing APR. Furthermore, we analyzed if age influences clinical and functional outcome measures in APR...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166930/a-prospective-cohort-study-identifying-risk-factors-for-shoulder-injuries-in-adolescent-elite-handball-players-the-karolinska-handball-study-khast-study-protocol
#5
Martin Asker, Markus Waldén, Henrik Källberg, Lena W Holm, Eva Skillgate
BACKGROUND: Handball is a physical contact sport that includes frequent overhead throwing, and this combination leads to a high rate of shoulder injuries. Several factors have been associated with shoulder injuries in overhead athletes, but strong scientific evidence is lacking for most suggested risk factors. We therefore designed the Karolinska Handball Study (KHAST) with the aim to identify risk factors for shoulder injuries in adolescent male and female elite handball players studying at handball-profiled secondary schools in Sweden...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164266/nationwide-study-highlights-a-second-peak-in-acl-tears-for-women-in-their-early-forties
#6
Micah Nicholls, Thor Aspelund, Thorvaldur Ingvarsson, Kristin Briem
PURPOSE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture continues to be a focus of research on knee injuries. Despite this, data on the total number of ruptures on a national basis including both reconstructed (ACLR) and non-reconstructed injuries are limited. The purpose of this study was to describe the national incidence of MRI diagnosed ACL ruptures in Iceland and its subsequent rate of operation with regard to sex and age. METHODS: All MRI knee reports taken in Iceland between 2006 and 2011 were gathered to identify ACL ruptures...
November 21, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164165/platelet-rich-plasma-for-primary-treatment-of-partial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-tears-mri-correlation-with-results
#7
J Banks Deal, Ed Smith, Wendell Heard, Michael J O'Brien, Felix H Savoie
Background: Jobe revolutionized the treatment of medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) tears with his reconstruction technique. However, not all MUCL injuries require operative management; Rettig showed that 42% of MUCL injuries respond to conservative management. This was improved by Podesta, who showed that augmentation of nonoperative management with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting partial MUCL tears resulted in significantly higher success rates...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164163/neurocognitive-deficits-of-concussed-adolescent-athletes-at-self-reported-symptom-resolution-in-the-zurich-guidelines-era
#8
Peter K Kriz, Rebekah Mannix, Alex M Taylor, Danielle Ruggieri, William P Meehan
Background: Previous studies have evaluated high school and collegiate athletes in the pre-Zurich guidelines era; whether adolescent athletes demonstrate similar neurocognitive decrements in the current concussion management era remains unclear. Purpose: To assess for the presence of neurocognitive deficits in adolescents with a sport-related concussion at the time of self-reported symptom resolution. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164130/comparison-of-an-innovative-rehabilitation-combining-reduced-conventional-rehabilitation-with-balneotherapy-and-a-conventional-rehabilitation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-athletes
#9
Laetitia Peultier-Celli, Didier Mainard, Frank Wein, Nicolas Paris, Patrick Boisseau, Alexandre Ferry, René Gueguen, Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Jean Paysant, Philippe Perrin
Background: Instability of the knee, related to anterior cruciate ligament injury, is treated by surgical reconstruction. During recovery, a loss of proprioceptive input can have a significant impact. Few studies have evaluated the benefits of rehabilitation of the knee in aquatic environment on functional outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to compare an innovative rehabilitation protocol combining reduced conventional rehabilitation with aquatic rehabilitation, with a conventional rehabilitation, according to the National French Health Authority, in terms of kinetics, development of proprioceptive skills, and functional improvement of the knee...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163326/systematic-review-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-baseball-and-softball-a-framework-for-prevention
#10
Michael D Cusimano, Alice Zhu
Background: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are an important public health challenge. The classification of baseball and softball as low contact sports and their association with extremity injuries cause individuals to overlook the risk of TBI in baseball and softball. Purpose: To summarize our knowledge of the epidemiology and risk factors of TBIs associated with baseball and softball with an aim to better design and implement preventive strategies. Methods: A search algorithm containing keywords that were synonymous to the terms "TBI," "baseball" was applied to the following nine databases: MEDLINE, Scopus, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Healthstar, PsychINFO, AMED, Cochrane library...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162768/coexistence-of-trunk-or-lower-extremity-pain-with-elbow-and-or-shoulder-pain-among-young-overhead-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Takuya Sekiguchi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Yutaka Yabe, Shinichiro Yoshida, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Elbow or shoulder injuries are common in overhead sports. Because energy derived from the lower extremity passes through the trunk to the upper extremity in overhead motion, a break in such a kinetic chain could lead to arm injuries. However, there is only limited information about the role of the trunk and lower extremity support in preventing elbow or shoulder injuries. This study aimed to explore the association of trunk and lower extremity pain with elbow/shoulder pain among young overhead athletes. We conducted a cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires mailed to young athletes belonging to the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162658/hand-and-wrist-injuries-among-us-high-school-athletes-2005-06-2015-16
#12
Bernadette K Johnson, Lina Brou, Sarah K Fields, Alexandria N Erkenbeck, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: The risk of hand/wrist injuries is present across various sports. Little is known about the epidemiology of such injuries. The objective of this study was to calculate the rates of hand/wrist injuries and investigate injury patterns among high school athletes. METHODS: Athlete exposure (AE) and hand/wrist injury data were collected during 11 academic years, 2005/06 through 2015/16, from a large sample of US high schools as part of the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162467/return-to-play-after-injuries-a-survey-on-the-helpfulness-of-various-forms-of-assistance-in-the-shared-decision-making-process-in-semi-professional-athletes-in-germany
#13
Daniel Niederer, Jan Wilke, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVE: To assess how different decision-guiding factors, such as health and performance related actuators, as well as evidence based guidelines, support the process-orientated final positive return to play (RTP) decision of head coaches responsible for semi-professional sport teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: and Participants: A survey consisting of questions on the importance of different decision-guiding factors used when making the RTP decision following injuries was administered to and completed by 238 head coaches of semi-professional players' teams...
November 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161931/what-are-the-trends-and-demographics-in-sports-related-pediatric-spinal-cord-injuries
#14
Vidushan Nadarajah, Julio J Jauregui, Dean Perfetti, Mark Shasti, Eugene Y Koh, R Frank Henn
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric spinal cord injury (PSCI) is a devastating injury that can cause significant long-term consequences. The purpose of this study is to calculate and report the prevalence of PSCI, identify risk factors for sports-related PSCI, and evaluate associated factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data sets of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) from 2000-2012 were analyzed using ICD-9-CM external cause of injury codes to identify the mechanism of injury contributing to PSCI hospitalization...
November 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161747/a-functional-mri-exploration-of-hamstring-activation-during-the-supine-bridge-exercise
#15
Matthew Bourne, Morgan Williams, Tania Pizzari, Anthony Shield
The single leg supine bridge (SLB) is a commonly employed strengthening exercise and is used as a clinical test for hamstring function in sports, however, little is known about the patterns of muscle activation in this task. To explore these activation patterns, nine healthy, recreationally active males underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of their thighs at rest and immediately after 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the SLB exercise. Exercise-induced increases in the transverse (T2) relaxation time of the biceps femoris long and short heads, semitendinosus and semimembranosus, were determined via signal intensity changes in pre- and post-exercise images and used as an index of muscle activation...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#16
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160619/tendinopathy-diagnosis-and-treatment-monitoring-using-attenuated-total-reflectance-fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy
#17
Tanmoy T Bhattacharjee, Mariana C Nicodemo, Luciana B Sant'Anna, Emilia A Lo Schiavo Arisawa, Leandro Raniero
Tendinopathy, an important sports injury afflicting athletes and general public, is associated with huge economic losses. The currently used diagnostic tests are subjective, show moderate sensitivity and specificity; while treatment failures persist despite advances in therapy. This highlights the need for tendinopathy diagnostic and treatment monitoring tools. The current study investigates tendon injury, natural healing and effect of treatment using ATR-FTIR complemented with histopathology. Control (C), injured (I) and treated (T) rat tendons were extracted 3, 7, 14 and 28 days post injury/treatment, representing phases of healing; and subjected to H&E staining as well as spectroscopy...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159546/sport-related-concussion-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-elite-athletes-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Alexandra G Parker, Simon Rosenbaum, Alan Bailey, Daveena Mawren, Rosemary Purcell
BACKGROUND: Elite athletes can experience a diverse range of symptoms following post-concussive injury. The impact of sport-related concussion on specific mental health outcomes is unclear in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to appraise the evidence base regarding the association between sport-related concussion and mental health outcomes in athletes competing at elite and professional levels. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Cinahl databases was conducted...
November 20, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159479/operative-treatment-of-pelvic-apophyseal-avulsions-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-athletes-a-follow-up-study
#19
Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Iftach Hetsroni, Ernest Schilders, Lasse Lempainen, Willy Serlo, Sakari Orava
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic apophyseal avulsion can limit young athletes' performance for months and may result in permanent disability. Nonoperative treatment is most commonly preferred, while surgical management with reduction and fixation is reserved for selected cases. Our aim was to evaluate outcomes of operative management of pelvic apophyseal avulsions in a series of adolescents and young adult athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Operative room registries and medical records were reviewed to identify patients who received surgical treatment for pelvic apophyseal avulsions who were younger than 24 years and with a minimum of 12 month follow-up...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159407/association-of-salivary-microrna-changes-with-prolonged-concussion-symptoms
#20
Jeremiah J Johnson, Andrea C Loeffert, Jennifer Stokes, Robert P Olympia, Harry Bramley, Steven D Hicks
Importance: Approximately one-third of children who experience a concussion develop prolonged concussion symptoms. To our knowledge, there are currently no objective or easily administered tests for predicting prolonged concussion symptoms. Several studies have identified alterations in epigenetic molecules known as microRNAs (miRNAs) following traumatic brain injury. No studies have examined whether miRNA expression can detect prolonged concussion symptoms. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of salivary miRNAs for identifying children with concussion who are at risk for prolonged symptoms...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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