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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937955/military-blast-injury-and-chronic-neurodegeneration-research-presentations-from-the-2015-international-state-of-the-science-meeting
#1
Denes Agoston, Peethambaran Arun, Patrick Bellgowan, Steven Broglio, Robert Cantu, David Cook, Uade Olaghere da Silva, Dara Dickstein, Gregory Elder, Elizabeth Fudge, Sam Gandy, Jessica Gill, John F Glenn, Raj K Gupta, Sidney Hinds, Stuart Hoffman, Theresa Lattimore, Alexander Lin, Kun Ping Lu, Joseph Maroon, David Okonkwo, Daniel Perl, Meghan Robinson, Charles Rosen, Douglas Smith
Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a signature injury of recent military conflicts, leading to increased Department of Defense (DoD) interest in its potential long-term effects, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The DoD Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office convened the 2015 International State-of-the-Science Meeting to discuss the existing evidence regarding a causal relationship between TBI and CTE. Over the course of the meeting, experts across government, academia, and the sports community presented cutting edge research on the unique pathological characteristics of blast-related TBI, blast-related neurodegenerative mechanisms, risk factors for CTE, potential biomarkers for CTE, and treatment strategies for chronic neurodegeneration...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937953/the-biological-basis-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-following-blast-injury-a-literature-review
#2
Matt Aldag, Regina C Armstrong, Faris Bandak, Patrick S F Bellgowan, Timothy Bentley, Sean Biggerstaff, Katrina Caravelli, Joan Cmarik, Alicia Crowder, Thomas J DeGraba, Travis A Dittmer, Richard G Ellenbogen, Colin Greene, Raj K Gupta, Ramona Hicks, Stuart Hoffman, Robert C Latta, Michael J Leggieri, Donald Marion, Robert Mazzoli, Michael McCrea, John O'Donnell, Mark Packer, James B Petro, Todd E Rasmussen, Wendy Sammons-Jackson, Richard Shoge, Victoria Tepe, Ladd A Tremaine, James Zheng
The United States Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office organized the 2015 International State-of-the-Science meeting to explore links between blast-related head injury and the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Before the meeting, the planning committee examined articles published between 2005 and October 2015 and prepared this literature review, which summarized broadly CTE research and addressed questions about the pathophysiological basis of CTE and its relationship to blast- and nonblast-related head injury...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937952/modeling-the-long-term-consequences-of-repeated-blast-induced-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries
#3
Denes V Agoston
Repeated mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI) caused by playing collision sports or by exposure to blasts during military operations can lead to late onset, chronic diseases such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a progressive neurodegenerative condition that manifests in increasingly severe neuropsychiatric abnormalities years after the last injury. Currently, because of the heterogeneity of the clinical presentation, confirmation of a CTE diagnosis requires post-mortem examination of the brain. The hallmarks of CTE are abnormal accumulation of phosphorylated tau protein, TDP-43 immunoreactive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions, and astroglial abnormalities, but the pathomechanism leading to these terminal findings remains unknown...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#4
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937801/clinical-implications-of-hand-position-and-lower-limb-length-measurement-method-on-y-balance-test-scores-and-interpretation
#5
Kim Hébert-Losier
CONTEXT:   The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQ-YBT) was developed to provide an effective and efficient screen for injury risk in sports. Earlier protocol recommendations for the LQ-YBT involved the athlete placing the hands on the hips and the clinician normalizing scores to lower limb length measured from the anterior-superior iliac spine to the lateral malleolus. The updated LQ-YBT protocol recommends the athlete's hands be free moving and the clinician measure lower limb length to the medial malleolus...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931992/knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-of-korean-national-ice-hockey-players
#6
Hyeyoung Kim, Sujin Hwang, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To investigate sports injuries in Korean national ice hockey players by surveying parts, times, types, frequency, cure, and prevention types of sports injuries and provide basic data for injury prevention and performance improvement of ice hockey players. Another purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of ice hockey injuries according to age and the relationship between etiological factors and injuries in high school students. [Subjects and Methods] This was a cross-sectional study. Eighteen female ice hockey players in Korean elite athletes were recruited for this study...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931987/enhancement-of-motor-skill-learning-by-a-combination-of-ideal-model-observation-and-self-observation
#7
Hitomi Nishizawa, Teiji Kimura
[Purpose] In sports physical therapy, video of a patient's movement or of a skilled model's movement has been used as observational learning methods for injury prevention and movement modification. Positive effects of model video observation have been reported. This study aimed to clarify the effect on motor skill learning using a combination of model-observation and self-observation, which is thought to act as an enhanced method for active error detection by comparing model-observation and self-observation alone for acquisition of correct sports movement...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931767/musical-instrument-associated-health-issues-and-their-management
#8
Kae Okoshi, Taro Minami, Masahiro Kikuchi, Yasuko Tomizawa
Playing musical instruments can bring joy to people, but can also cause a wide variety of health issues that range from mild disorders to potentially fatal conditions. Although sports medicine is an established medical subspecialty, relatively few studies have investigated the health issues associated with musical instruments. Here we present an overview of these health issues. These include infections due to microorganisms, allergic reactions, as well as mechanical injuries from sustained high pressures within the oral, mediastinal, thoracic, and abdominal cavities...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931147/the-quantified-self-during-travel-mapping-health-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-travellers
#9
Andrea Farnham, Reinhard Furrer, Ulf Blanke, Emily Stone, Christoph Hatz, Milo A Puhan
Background: Travel medicine research has remained relatively unchanged in the face of rapid expansion of international travel and is unlikely to meet health challenges beyond infectious diseases. Our aim was to identify the range of health outcomes during travel using real-time monitoring and daily reporting of health behaviours and outcomes and identify traveller subgroups who may benefit from more targeted advice before and during travel. Methods: We recruited a prospective cohort of travellers ≥ 18 years and planning travel to Thailand for <5 weeks from the travel clinics in Zurich and Basel (Switzerland)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930873/preseason-functional-test-scores-are-associated-with-future-sports-injury-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#10
Jason Brumitt, Bryan Heiderscheit, Robert Manske, Paul E Niemuth, Alma Mattocks, Mitchell J Rauh
Recent prospective cohort studies have reported preseason functional performance test (FPT) measures and associations with future risk of injury; however, the findings associated with these studies have been equivocal. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of a battery of FPTs as a preseason screening tool to identify female Division III (D III) collegiate athletes who may be at risk for a non-contact time-loss injury to the lower quadrant [LQ = low back and lower extremities]. One hundred six female D III athletes were recruited for this study...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930872/improving-vertical-jump-profiles-through-prescribed-movement-plans
#11
John K Mayberry, Bryce Patterson, Phil Wagner
Developing practical, reliable, and valid methods for monitoring athlete wellness and injury risk is an important goal for trainers, athletes, and coaches. Previous studies have shown that the countermovement vertical jump test (CMJ) is both a reliable and valid metric for evaluating an athlete's condition. This study examines the effectiveness of prescribed workouts on improving quality of movement during CMJ. The dataset consists of 2425 pairs of CMJ scans for high school, college, and professional athletes training at a privately owned facility...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930492/time-trends-in-concussion-symptom-presentation-and-assessment-methods-in-high-school-athletes
#12
Dustin W Currie, Matthew J Kraeutler, John B Schrock, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Concussion rates have increased significantly over the past decade. This may reflect an increase in the knowledge and diagnosis of the symptoms of a concussion rather than a true increase in the incidence. Assessing trends in the way that concussions are presenting to and being identified by clinicians over the same period may provide additional insight into the apparent rise in concussions. PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic/evaluation methods, and symptom resolution time reported for United States high school athletes from the 2007-2008 through 2014-2015 academic years...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928496/dorsal-scapular-nerve-neuropathy-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#13
Brad Muir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to elucidate this little known cause of upper back pain through a narrative review of the literature and to discuss the possible role of the dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) in the etiopathology of other similar diagnoses in this area including cervicogenic dorsalgia (CD), notalgia paresthetica (NP), SICK scapula and a posterolateral arm pain pattern. BACKGROUND: Dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) neuropathy has been a rarely thought of differential diagnosis for mid scapular, upper to mid back and costovertebral pain...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928492/analyzing-injuries-among-university-level-athletes-prevalence-patterns-and-risk-factors
#14
Jean Lemoyne, Caroline Poulin, Nadia Richer, André Bussières
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence suggests many health benefits are associated with sport participation. However, high intensity participation may be related to an increased risk of musculoskeletal injuries. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to: 1) describe the prevalence and patterns of sports injuries, and 2) identify its associated risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. University level athletes, involved in 7 sport disciplines reported musculoskeletal injuries sustained in the past year, as well as potential risk factors: training volume and antecedent sport participation...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927769/spontaneous-healing-of-a-tear-of-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-graft-a-case-report
#15
Natalie Yu Yi Ng, Barry Wei Loong Tan, Lingaraj Krishna
BACKGROUND: Almost 30% of young athletic patients sustain a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury within 24months of their ACL reconstruction and returning to pivoting sports. Most patients with high athletic demand and significant anteroposterior instability often require ACL revision surgery to restore their pre-injury activity levels. CASE REPORT: A 24-year old gentleman ruptured his hamstring tendon autograft during a twisting injury seven months after his ACL reconstruction...
September 16, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926944/coach-cv-the-seven-clinical-phenotypes-of-concussion
#16
Neil Craton, Haitham Ali, Stephane Lenoski
Our understanding of the diverse physiological manifestations of concussion is changing rapidly. This has an influence on the clinical assessment of patients who have sustained a concussion. The 2017 Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport states that numerous post-injury clinical findings, such as cognitive deficits, post-traumatic headaches, dizziness, difficulties with oculomotor function, and depression have all been associated with a poorer prognosis in concussed patients. This demonstrates that there are several potential clinical manifestations after head injury warranting clinical evaluation...
September 16, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926295/efficacy-and-safety-assessment-of-acute-sports-related-traumatic-soft-tissue-injuries-using-a-new-ibuprofen-medicated-plaster-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Hans-Georg Predel, Mark P Connolly, Aomesh Bhatt, Bruno Giannetti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a recently developed ibuprofen medicated plaster in the treatment of acute sports impact injuries/contusions. METHODS: In this double-blind, multi-center, placebo-controlled, parallel group, phase 3 study (EudraCT Number: 2012-003257-2) patients (n=132; ages 18 to 60 years) diagnosed with acute sports-related traumatic blunt soft tissue injury/contusion to the upper or lower limbs were randomized to receive either ibuprofen 200 mg plaster (n=64) or placebo plaster (n=68)...
September 19, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924314/comparison-between-standing-broad-jump-test-and-wingate-test-for-assessing-lower-limb-anaerobic-power-in-elite-sportsmen
#18
Anup Krishnan, Deep Sharma, Madhu Bhatt, Apoorv Dixit, P Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Lower limb explosive power is an important motor quality for sporting performance and indicates use of anaerobic energy systems like stored ATP and Creatine phosphate system. Weightlifting, Fencing and Wrestling use it for monitoring and identification of potential sportsmen. The Wingate test and Standing Broad Jump (SBJ) test are reliable and accurate tests for its assessment. This study conducted on elite Indian sportsmen tries to analyse feasibility of use of the SBJ test in sports and military medicine when Wingate test is impractical...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923589/an-investigation-into-the-immediate-effects-of-pelvic-taping-on-hamstring-eccentric-force-in-an-elite-male-sprinter-a-case-report
#19
Ben Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Hamstring Injuries commonly cause missed training and competition time in elite sports. Injury surveillance studies have demonstrated high injury and re-injury rates, which have not improved across sports despite screening and prevention programmes being commonplace. The most commonly suggested intervention for hamstring prevention and rehabilitation is eccentric strength assessment and training. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case study describes the management of an elite sprinter with a history of hamstring injury...
August 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922015/over-the-top-acl-reconstruction-plus-extra-articular-lateral-tenodesis-with-hamstring-tendon-grafts-prospective-evaluation-with-20-year-minimum-follow-up
#20
Stefano Zaffagnini, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Alberto Grassi, Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina, Federico Raggi, Cecilia Signorelli, Francisco Urrizola, Paolo Spinnato, Eugenio Rimondi, Maurilio Marcacci
BACKGROUND: There are few published studies with very long-term follow-up of combined intra- and extra-articular anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: To analyze clinical and radiographic outcomes of over-the-top ACL reconstruction plus extra-articular lateral tenodesis with autologous hamstrings at minimum 20-year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Of 60 originally eligible patients who underwent over-the-top ACL reconstruction with double-stranded hamstring tendon (leaving intact graft tibial insertions) and extra-articular lateral plasty (performed with the remnant part of tendons), 52 were prospectively evaluated at a minimum 20-year follow-up (mean follow-up, 24 years; 41 men, 11 women; mean age at time of surgery, 25...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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