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Shih tzu

Ying-Chun Shih, Chao-Ling Chen, Yan Zhang, Rebecca L Mellor, Evelyn M Kanter, Yun Fang, Hua-Chi Wang, Chen-Ting Hung, Jing-Yi Nong, Hui-Ju Chen, Tzu-Han Lee, Yi-Shuan Tseng, Chiung-Nien Chen, Chau-Chung Wu, Shuei-Liong Lin, Kathryn A Yamada, Jeanne M Nerbonne, Kai-Chien Yang
<u>Rationale:</u> Cardiac fibrosis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF). Excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) resulting from cardiac fibrosis impairs cardiac contractile function and increases arrhythmogenicity. Current treatment options for cardiac fibrosis, however, are limited and there is a clear need to identify novel mediators of cardiac fibrosis to facilitate the development of better therapeutics. Exploiting co-expression gene network analysis on RNA sequencing data from failing human heart, we identified thioredoxin domain containing 5 (TXNDC5), a cardiac fibroblast (CF)-enriched endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein, as a potential novel mediator of cardiac fibrosis and we completed experiments to test this hypothesis directly...
March 13, 2018: Circulation Research
Yi-Tzu Chang, Hsiang-Yu Chen, Yuan-Chieh Huang, Wan-Yu Shih, Hsiao-Lung Chan, Ping-Yi Wu, Ling-Fu Meng, Chen-Chi Chen, Ching-I Wang
BACKGROUND: Action semantics have been investigated in relation to context violation but remain less examined in relation to the meaning of gestures. In the present study, we examined tool-gesture incongruity by event-related potentials (ERPs) and hypothesized that the component N400, a neural index which has been widely used in both linguistic and action semantic congruence, is significant for conditions of incongruence. METHODS: Twenty participants performed a tool-gesture judgment task, in which they were asked to judge whether the tool-gesture pairs were correct or incorrect, for the purpose of conveying functional expression of the tools...
March 13, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
Tatsushi Morita, Yutaka Momota, Akihiro Mori, Hitomi Oda, Kazunori Ike, Toshinori Sako
A 12-year-old female Shih-Tzu with hyperadrenocorticism and hypothyroidism developed concurrent refractory generalized demodicosis that did not respond to doramectin treatment. Although amitraz treatment was effective, the dog developed severe diabetes, which resulted in the cessation of amitraz and trilostane. Attempts to control the diabetes were unsuccessful, and its hyperadrenocorticism was left untreated, leading to the recurrence of demodicosis. However, demodicosis went into complete remission with a single dose of fluralaner...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Tzu-Chun Tsai, Chun-Che Shih, Hsin-Ping Chien, An-Hang Yang, Jenn-Kan Lu, Jen-Her Lu
BACKGROUND: Tbx5 deficiency in zebrafish causes several abnormal phenotypes of the heart and pectoral fins. It has been reported that exogenous human growth hormone can enhance expression of downstream mediators in the growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) pathway and partially restore dysmorphogenesis in tbx5 morphants. This study aimed to further evaluate the effects of IGF-I on cell apoptosis and dysmorphogenesis in zebrafish embryos deficient for tbx5. RESULTS: Among the five studied groups of zebrafish embryos (wild-type embryos [WT], tbx5 morphants [MO], mismatched tbx5 morpholino-treated wild-type embryos [MIS], IGF-I-treated wild-type embryos [WTIGF1], and IGF-I-treated tbx5 morphants [MOIGF1]), the expression levels of the ifg1, igf1-ra, ifg-rb, erk1, and akt2 genes as well as the ERK and AKT proteins were significantly reduced in the MO group, but were partially restored in the MOIGF1 group...
March 5, 2018: BMC Developmental Biology
Chung-Guei Huang, Li-Ang Lee, Tuan-Jen Fang, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chun-Ta Liao, Chung-Jan Kang, Tzu-Chen Yen, Kuo-Chien Tsao, Tse-Ching Chen, Shin-Ru Shih
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To examine whether the prevalence rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Taiwanese patients with primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is different from that in those with a vocal polyp (VP) or vocal fold leukoplakia (VFL). METHODS: This prospective cohort study recruited 41 consecutive patients with primary LSCC and 27 and 20 patients with VP and VFL, respectively. The HPV L1 gene in surgical specimens was detected using polymerase chain reaction...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Hsiao-Yun Chen, Liang-Ting Lin, Mong-Lien Wang, Kun-Ling Tsai, Pin-I Huang, Yi-Ping Yang, Yi-Yen Lee, Yi-Wei Chen, Wen-Liang Lo, Yuan-Tzu Lan, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Chien-Min Lin, Hsin-I Ma, Ming-Teh Chen
Musashi-1 (MSI1), one of the RNA-binding proteins, is abundantly found not only in neural stem cells but also in several cancer tissues and has been reported to act as a positive regulator of cancer progression. Growing evidence indicates that PKR and eIF2α play pivotal roles in the stimulation of stress granule formation as well as in the subsequent translation modulation in response to stressful conditions; however, little is known about whether MSI1 is involved in this PKR/eIF2α cancer stem cell-enhancing machinery...
February 24, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Chih-Ping Chen, Tsang-Ming Ko, Liang-Kai Wang, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Chien-Wen Yang, Chen-Chi Lee, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: We present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of 17p13.3 microdeletion encompassing YWHAE and CRK but not PAFAH1B1 in a fetus without ultrasound abnormalities. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 17 weeks of gestation because of a family history of spinocerebellar atrophy in the husband. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 46,XX. Simultaneously array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis (using 60,000 probes) revealed a 0...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Chih-Ping Chen, Tsang-Ming Ko, Tung-Yao Chang, Schu-Rern Chern, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: We present the perinatal imaging findings and molecular genetic analysis in a fetus with short-rib polydactyly syndrome (SRPS) type III or short-rib thoracic dysplasia 3 with or without polydactyly (SRTD3). CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old, primigravid woman was referred for genetic counseling at 15 weeks of gestation because of abnormal ultrasound findings of short limbs, a narrow chest and bilateral polydactyly of the hands and feet, consistent with a diagnosis of SRPS type III...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Chih-Ping Chen, Tung-Yao Chang, Tan-Wei Lin, Schu-Rern Chern, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Tzu-Yun Chuang, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: We present prenatal diagnosis of hydrancephaly and enlarged cerebellum and cisterna magna in a fetus with thanatophoric dysplasia type II (TD2) and a review of prenatal diagnosis of brain anomalies associated with TD. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman was referred for genetic counseling at 25 weeks of gestation because of fetal ultrasound abnormalities. Prenatal ultrasound at 14 weeks of gestation revealed an increased nuchal translucency (NT) and hydrocephalus...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Tzu-Cheng Sung, Hsing-Fen Li, Akon Higuchi, Qing-Dong Ling, Jia-Sin Yang, Yeh-Chia Tseng, Chih-Hsien Pan Pan, Abdullah A Alarfaj, Murugan A Munusamy, Suresh Kumar, Shih-Tien Hsu, Kadarkarai Murugan
The effect of physical cues, such as the stiffness of biomaterials on the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells, has been investigated by several researchers. However, most of these investigators have used polyacrylamide hydrogels for stem cell culture in their studies. Therefore, their results are controversial because those results might originate from the specific characteristics of the polyacrylamide and not from the physical cue (stiffness) of the biomaterials. Here, we describe a protocol for preparing hydrogels, which are not based on polyacrylamide, where various stem, cells including human embryonic stem (ES) cells and human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, can be cultured...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Chia-Wei Li, Seung-Oe Lim, Ezra M Chung, Yong-Soo Kim, Andrew H Park, Jun Yao, Jong-Ho Cha, Weiya Xia, Li-Chuan Chan, Taewan Kim, Shih-Shin Chang, Heng-Huan Lee, Chao-Kai Chou, Yen-Liang Liu, Hsin-Chih Yeh, Evan P Perillo, Andrew K Dunn, Chu-Wei Kuo, Kay-Hooi Khoo, Jennifer L Hsu, Yun Wu, Jung-Mao Hsu, Hirohito Yamaguchi, Tzu-Hsuan Huang, Aysegul A Sahin, Gabriel N Hortobagyi, Stephen S Yoo, Mien-Chie Hung
Protein glycosylation provides proteomic diversity in regulating protein localization, stability, and activity; it remains largely unknown whether the sugar moiety contributes to immunosuppression. In the study of immune receptor glycosylation, we showed that EGF induces programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and receptor programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) interaction, requiring β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase (B3GNT3) expression in triple-negative breast cancer. Downregulation of B3GNT3 enhances cytotoxic T cell-mediated anti-tumor immunity...
February 12, 2018: Cancer Cell
Yi-Tzu Chang, Shih-Che Lin, Ling-Fu Meng, Yang-Teng Fan
In this study we investigated the event-related potentials (ERPs) during the semantic judgment task (deciding if the two Chinese characters were semantically related or unrelated) to identify the timing of neural activation in children with early left brain damage (ELBD). The results demonstrated that compared with the controls, children with ELBD had (1) competitive accuracy and reaction time in the semantic judgment task, (2) weak operation of the N400, (3) stronger, earlier and later compensational positivities (referred to the enhanced P200, P250, and P600 amplitudes) in the central and right region of the brain to successfully engage in semantic judgment...
February 2, 2018: Brain and Language
Tzu-Lin Yeh, Pei-Ching Shih, Shu-Jung Liu, Chao-Hsu Lin, Jui-Ming Liu, Wei-Te Lei, Chien-Yu Lin
Background: Influenza infection is a common disease with a huge disease burden. Influenza vaccination has been widely used, but concerns regarding vaccine efficacy exist, especially in the elderly. Probiotics are live microorganisms with immunomodulatory effects and may enhance the immune responses to influenza vaccination. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the influence of prebiotics/probiotics/synbiotics supplementation on vaccine responses to influenza vaccination...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Li-Tzu Wang, Shih-Sheng Jiang, Chiao-Hsuan Ting, Pei-Ju Hsu, Chia-Chi Chang, Huey-Kang Sytwu, Ko-Jiunn Liu, B Linju Yen
Multilineage tissue-source mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess strong immunomodulatory properties and are excellent therapeutic agents, but require constant isolation from donors to combat replicative senescence. The differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into MSCs offers a renewable source of MSCs; however, reports on their immunomodulatory capacity have been discrepant. Using MSCs differentiated from iPSCs reprogrammed using diverse cell types and protocols, and in comparison to human embryonic stem cell (ESC)-MSCs and bone marrow (BM)-MSCs, we performed transcriptome analyses and assessed for functional immunomodulatory properties...
February 3, 2018: Stem Cells
Tzu-Yun Chou, Meei-Ju Yang, Shih-Kung Tseng, Shoei-Sheng Lee, Chia-Chuan Chang
Andraca droppings is the waste excreted from the tea biter Andraca theae. Its chemical constituents and potential medical use, unlike those of the traditional Chinese medicine silkworm droppings, have not been reported yet. To explore new nutraceuticals, the chemical constituents of this substance were investigated. Since the bioactive ingredients are generally present in the EtOAc-soluble fraction, this fraction, obtained from the ethanolic extract of the dried Andraca droppings by liquid-liquid partitioning, was separated by chromatographic methods, including Sephadex LH-20, centrifugal partition chromatography, and RP-18 columns, to produce 14 compounds (1-14)...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Shih-Chieh Lee, Shih-Yun Wang, Chien-Chun Li, Cheng-Tzu Liu
Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kanehira is a Taiwan native plant that belongs to genus Cinnamomum and is also known as pseudocinnamomum or indigenous cinnamon. Its leaf is traditionally used by local people in cooking and as folk therapy. We previously demonstrated the chemical composition and anti-inflammatory effect of leaf essential oil of Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kanehira of linalool chemotype in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and on endotoxin-injected mice. The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether cinnamaldehyde and linalool the active anti-inflammatory compounds in leaf essential oil of Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kanehira...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Meagan A Walker
A 7-year-old female spayed shih tzu dog was presented with hematuria of 4 weeks' duration. Radiographs revealed 1 cystic calculus. A polypoid mass was found incidentally during cystotomy and was removed by partial cystectomy. Histopathology revealed eosinophilic polypoid cystitis and urolith analysis reported struvite. A urinary tract infection was treated.
February 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
You-Chen Lor, Pei-Ching Shih, Hsin-Hao Chen, Shu-Jung Liu, Hsingchu-Chu Chao, Lee-Ching Hwang, Yen-Fen Hsu, Tzu-Lin Yeh
BACKGROUND: Nasogastric (NG) tube insertion is a common procedure in the clinical setting that causes much discomfort and pain for the patient. Pain control is often suboptimal, as many NG tube insertions are performed without any pain-relieving supplements. The aim of this study was to summarize and critically evaluate the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect and adverse effects of lidocaine agents in reducing pain and discomfort associated with NG tube insertion...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chao-Cheng Huang, Hsiao-Mei Kuo, Pei-Chang Wu, Shih-Hsuan Cheng, Tzu-Ting Chang, Yi-Chen Chang, Mei-Lang Kung, Deng-Chyang Wu, Jiin-Haur Chuang, Ming-Hong Tai
AIM: Delta-like 1 homolog (DLK1) is a non-canonical ligand of Notch signaling, which plays a pivotal role in vascular development and tumor angiogenesis. This study aimed to elucidate the function and mechanism of DLK1 in angiogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: By using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical studies, expression analysis revealed a unique vascular tropism of DLK1 in vasculature of neuroblastoma and vascular tumors. Thus, it was hypothesized that DLK1 may be cleaved and then bound to endothelial cells, thereby regulating the endothelial function...
January 30, 2018: Angiogenesis
Tzu-Chien Shih, Hsiao-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, Chun-Ku Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Taiwanese national health insurance system substantially expanded hospice coverage for terminal cancer patients to include patients with end-stage brain, dementia, heart, lung, liver, and kidney diseases. This study aimed to evaluate differences in do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status and hospice care utilization between terminal cancer patients and advanced non-cancer patients after the policy change. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Death and Hospice Palliative Care Database of Taipei Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan...
January 24, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
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