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Tracheal fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616295/malignant-tracheal-necrosis-and-fistula-formation-following-palliative-chemoradiotherapy-a-case-report
#1
In Ae Kim, Hyeon Kang Koh, Sun Jong Kim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Kye Young Lee, Hee Joung Kim
Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is an essential treatment strategy for inoperable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although supportive care has improved, unexpected complications due to the disease or treatment can occur. Tracheomediastinal fistulas are very rare but can be a serious problem. Herein, we report a case of severe chondronecrosis of the distal trachea with formation of a fistula into a metastatic lymphadenopathy in a patient with stage IIIB NSCLC. The patient received external beam radiotherapy with a total dose of 35 Gy in 14 fractions, which was approximately half of the conventional therapeutic radiotherapy dose, along with concurrent cisplatin based chemotherapy...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599967/challenging-surgical-dogma-in-the-management-of-proximal-esophageal-atresia-with-distal-tracheoesophageal-fistula-outcomes-from-the-midwest-pediatric-surgery-consortium
#2
Dave R Lal, Samir K Gadepalli, Cynthia D Downard, Daniel J Ostlie, Peter C Minneci, Ruth M Swedler, Thomas H Chelius, Laura Cassidy, Cooper T Rapp, Deborah Billmire, Steven Bruch, R Carland Burns, Katherine J Deans, Mary E Fallat, Jason D Fraser, Julia Grabowski, Ferdynand Hebel, Michael A Helmrath, Ronald B Hirschl, Rashmi Kabre, Jonathan Kohler, Matthew P Landman, Charles M Leys, Grace Z Mak, Jessica Raque, Beth Rymeski, Jacqueline M Saito, Shawn D St Peter, Daniel von Allmen, Brad W Warner, Thomas T Sato
PURPOSE: Perioperative management of infants with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is frequently based on surgeon experience and dogma rather than evidence-based guidelines. This study examines whether commonly perceived important aspects of practice affect outcome in a contemporary multi-institutional cohort of patients undergoing primary repair for the most common type of esophageal atresia anomaly, proximal EA with distal TEF. METHODS: The Midwest Pediatric Surgery Consortium conducted a multicenter, retrospective study examining selected outcomes on infants diagnosed with proximal EA with distal TEF who underwent primary repair over a 5-year period (2009-2014), with a minimum 1-year follow up, across 11 centers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583493/endoscopic-esophageal-and-tracheal-cauterization-for-closure-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Stacie Gregory, Robert H Chun, Daiva Parakininkas, Louella Amos, Roger Fons, Diana G Lerner, Dave R Lal, Cecille Sulman
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) can be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Traditional treatment is thoracotomy, which carries significant morbidity and technical difficulty especially in a previously operated field. Recently, endoscopic techniques have been advocated as a primary approach for treatment of recurrent TEF prior to open repair. This case report describes the endoscopic technique used to address a recurrent TEF. The existing literature of all reported endoscopic cauterization methods is reviewed...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575191/recurrent-and-congenital-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-adults%C3%A2
#4
Peter Downey, William Middlesworth, Matthew Bacchetta, Joshua Sonett
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is well documented in infancy but may also present later in life. This study reviews our experience with the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of 5 recurrent and 2 primary congenital tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEF) in adult patients. There are no literature series of late recurrence of TEF (repaired in childhood and recurring in adulthood) and relatively few reported cases of initial adult presentation of TEF...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522300/primary-reconstructive-method-for-tracheal-defect-from-invasion-by-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma
#5
Atsumori Hamahata, Takeshi Beppu, Takashi Yamaki, Hiroyuki Sakurai
Differentiated thyroid carcinoma is not highly malignant, and thus surgical resection is the most common treatment even if the carcinoma has invaded the trachea. Although some cases exist in which the carcinoma invades the trachea, using the tracheal window resection method allows complete resection of the carcinoma. Yet these patients must often control a large tracheocutaneous wound until reconstructive surgery is performed because such surgery occurs secondarily. Our hospital admitted three patients for which tracheally invasive, differentiated thyroid carcinoma was surgically resected...
May 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515752/extended-resection-of-the-trachea-in-a-patient-with-cicatricial-tracheal-stenosis-after-tracheostomy-complicated-with-esophageal-tracheal-fistula-and-extensive-defect-of-the-frontal-tracheal-wall
#6
Shukhrat Khudaybergenov, Otabek Eshonkhodjaev, Sodiqjon Abdusalomov, Bakhrom Amanov
We present a case of one-stage radical surgical treatment of a 24-year-old female patient with cicatricial granulating tracheal stenosis after tracheostomy complicated by esophageal-tracheal fistula and an extensive defect of the anterior wall of the trachea after numerous unsuccessful attempts to correct the narrowing of the trachea and eliminate the fistula by endoscopic and open surgical techniques. The patient underwent extended tracheal resection with end-to-end anastomosis with liquidation of the esophageal-tracheal fistula and elimination of the defect of the anterior wall of the trachea by cervical access...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492107/aborted-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-in-a-neonate
#7
John M Hallett, Victoria Bryant, David Drake, Simi George, Manasvi Upadhyaya
Esophageal atresia (EA) is an uncommon congenital anomaly which is often associated with a tracheoesophageal fistula. An isolated EA is a rarer anomaly and its diagnosis has implications for the ongoing treatment and outcome of the infant. For the first time, we report a case of a premature newborn with a pure EA and a tracheal diverticulum, containing both respiratory and esophageal mucosa. We have termed this an aborted trachea-esophageal fistula. Recognition of these very rare variations of foregut anomalies may contribute to our understanding of their pathogenesis...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459406/-application-of-modified-percutaneous-rotating-dilative-tracheostomy-with-fiberoptic-bronchoscope-in-critical-patients-of-icu-a-control-study-for-four-kinds-of-tracheostomy
#8
Hong Zhang, Yanmin Xu, Haihong Li, Yao Zhang, Lunmeng Cui, Linlin Zhao, Qinghuan Yao, Fengjie Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application of modified percutaneous rotating dilative tracheostomy with fiberoptic bronchoscope (MPRDT-FOB) in critical patients of intensive care unit (ICU) by comparing it with percutaneous dilative tracheostomy (PDT), modified percutaneous dilative tracheostomy (MPDT), and percutaneous dilative tracheostomy with fiberoptic bronchoscope (PDT-FOB). METHODS: A prospective control study was conducted. 240 critical patients underwent tracheotomy admitted to ICU of Mudanjiang Medical University Hongqi Hospital from February 2011 to November 2016 were enrolled, and they were randomly divided into four groups with 60 patients in each group...
January 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408368/neonatal-airway-challenging-endotracheal-intubation-in-infants-with-tracheal-malformations-at-birth
#9
Arpan Agarwal, Masakazu Nakao, Victor Samuel Rajadurai, Suresh Chandran
Intubating newborn infants can be exacting. We describe two cases of endotracheal intubations in infants born with tracheal malformations. A male infant aged 30 weeks required intubation at birth for respiratory distress. Repeated attempts at intubation failed to achieve an optimal endotracheal tube position as the tube could not advance beyond the vocal cords. Hence ventilation continued with suboptimal air entry in the lungs. Bronchoscopy and CT scan confirmed tracheal stenosis. Slide tracheoplasty was successfully executed on day 78 of life...
April 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405997/tracheoesophageal-fistula-following-endotracheal-intubation-for-organophosphorus-poisoning
#10
Shailaja V Rao, Ajay K Boralkar, Prabhakar S Jirvankar, Mangala V Sonavani, Varsha Rotte Kaginalkar, Chimu Chinte
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is an abnormal communication between the trachea and esophagus. Iatrogenic TEF can be due to endotracheal intubation, rigid bronchoscopy or tracheostomy. Tracheostomy tube cuff volumes and pressures require constant monitoring to avoid tracheal injury. Acquired TEF which occurs after prolonged intubation, usually develops after 15-200 days of mechanical ventilation. We report a case of a large TEF secondary to endotracheal intubation for organophosphorus poison-induced respiratory failure...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391268/a-modified-tracheal-transaction-approach-for-the-repair-of-nonmalignant-tracheoesophageal-fistulas-a-report-of-5-cases
#11
Jie Liu, Wei Wu, Shaoyan Liu, Zhengang Xu, Jian Wang, Baowei Li
BACKGROUND: A postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare complication of a tracheotomy. Surgical repair is the only viable option for these patients, but the repair techniques presented in the literature vary. METHODS: We used a modified tracheal transaction approach to repair 5 cases of nonmalignant tracheoesophageal fistulas. The procedure was performed with a low cervical collar incision, and the trachea was transected directly. All the procedures were only carried out in the surgical field created by tracheostomy and paratracheal and esophageal dissection was no longer necessary...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385909/delayed-presentation-of-button-battery-ingestion-a-devastating-complication
#12
Robert Chessman, Misha Verkerk, Richard Hewitt, Nneka Eze
A 12-month-old child presented with a prolonged history of fever, cough and difficulty breathing, which was initially treated as bronchiolitis. She was discharged but presented again to Accident and Emergency department 4 days later with worsening symptom. Following deterioration in the Emergency department, a chest X-ray revealed a button battery in the upper oesophagus. Emergency oesophagoscopy was performed where a 20 mm button battery was removed and a tracheoesophageal fistula was seen 12 mm above the carina...
April 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329055/chylous-pericardial-effusion-after-pulmonary-lobectomy
#13
Weixiong Yang, Canqiao Luo, Zhenguo Liu, Chao Cheng
Chylous pericardial effusion is a rarely reported complication of lung cancer surgery. Here, we report a case of an elderly man who suffered chylous pericardial effusion after radical right upper lung resection for cancer. The massive chylous effusion first occurred in the pericardium, drained to the right chest after the drainage of the hydropericardium and subsequently moved back to the pericardium again. Lymphoscintigraphy examination indicated that a chylous fistula was present in the plane of the tracheal carina...
March 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325073/management-of-a-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-a-patient-with-aids
#14
Alberto Cabañero, Fernando Dronda, David Saldaña, José Manuel Hermida, Gemma Muñoz, Santiago Moreno
Despite the high frequency of gastrointestinal complications and opportunistic infections in HIV-1 infected patients, tracheoesophageal (TEF) and bronchoesophageal (BEF) fístulas are rare. Our objective is to comunicate an additional and unusual case of TEF in an HIV-1-infected patient whose immunologic status was good with complete suppression of viral replication, so although uncommon, TEF/BEF of an infectious origen should be considered in AIDS. Endoscopic treatment with tracheal/esophageal stents is not without morbidity and mortality...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301367/reconstruction-of-a-long-segment-tracheal-defect-using-an-alloderm-conduit
#15
William D Bolton, Sharon Ben-Or, Allyson L Hale, James E Stephenson
This case describes successful reconstruction of a long-segment tracheal defect using AlloDerm as the conduit for reconstruction. A 38-year-old woman who had undergone a thyroid lobectomy in 2011 presented several months later unable to swallow. Chest computed tomography results revealed a tracheal/esophageal mass and a subsequent bronchoscopy, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy results revealed an upper esophageal/tracheal mass with two areas concerning for fistula. She underwent a bronchoscopy with a tracheal stent and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement...
March 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296740/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-communicating-bronchopulmonary-foregut-malformation-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Hongxia Ren, Liqiong Duan, Baohong Zhao, Xiaoxia Wu, Hongyi Zhang, Caixia Liu
RATIONALE: Communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformation (CBPFM) is a rare congenital malformation involving both the digestive and respiratory systems. To our best knowledge, most cases of CBPFM reported in the literature were in infancy or adulthood and CBPFM in infantile is even rarer with a high case-fatality rate partly due to misdiagnosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented 2 cases of neonatal CBPFM. A 11-hour male newborn was admitted because of moaning for 7 hours, and a 1-day male newborn was referred to us with profuse foams, choking on breast-milk feeding and facial cyanosis...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275475/surgery-and-perioperative-management-for-post-intubation-tracheoesophageal-fistula-case-series-analysis
#17
Francesco Puma, Jacopo Vannucci, Stefano Santoprete, Moira Urbani, Lucio Cagini, Marco Andolfi, Rossella Potenza, Niccolò Daddi
BACKGROUND: Post-intubation tracheoesophageal fistula (PITEF) is an often mistreated, severe condition. This case series reviewed for both the choice and timing of surgical technique and outcome PITEF patients. METHODS: This case series reviewed ten consecutive patients who had undergone esophageal defect repair and airway resection/reconstruction between 2000 and 2014. All cases were examined for patients: general condition, medical history, preparation to surgery, diagnostic work-up, timing of surgery and procedure, fistula size and site, ventilation type, nutrition, post-operative course and complications...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122791/repair-of-challenging-non-malignant-tracheo-or-broncho-oesophageal-fistulas-by-extrathoracic-muscle-flaps
#18
Petra Rosskopfova, Jean Yannis Perentes, Markus Schäfer, Thorsten Krueger, Alban Lovis, Gian Dorta, Moira Baeriswyl, Hans-Beat Ris, Michel Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of complex, acquired, non-malignant tracheo/broncho-oesophageal fistulas (TEF) repaired by extrathoracic pedicled muscle flaps that were, in addition to their interposition between the airways and the gastro-intestinal tract, patched into gastro-intestinal or airway defects if primary closure seemed risky. METHODS: A single institution experience of patients treated between 2003 and 2015. Twenty-two patients required TEF repair following oesophageal surgery (18), Boerhaave syndrome (1), chemotherapy for mediastinal lymphoma (1), carinal resection and irradiation (1) and laryngectomy (1); 64% of them underwent prior radio- or chemotherapy and 50% prior airway or oesophageal stenting...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112532/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-via-griggs-technique
#19
Hasan Ali Karimpour, Kamran Vafaii, Maryam Chalechale, Saeed Mohammadi, Rasool Kaviannezhad
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy is considered the airway management of choice for patients who need prolonged mechanical ventilation support. Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheotomy (PDT) is a technique that can be performed easily and rapidly at bedside and is particularly useful in the intensive care setting. The Griggs percutaneous tracheotomy is unique in its utilization of a guide wire dilator forceps. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the early perioperative and late postoperative complications of PDT using the Griggs technique in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066602/a-novel-surgical-method-for-acquired-non-malignant-complicated-tracheoesophageal-and-bronchial-gastric-stump-fistula-the-double-patch-technique
#20
Guang Yang, Wei-Miao Li, Jin-Bo Zhao, Jian Wang, Yun-Feng Ni, Yong-An Zhou, Yong Han, Xiao-Fei Li, Xiao-Long Yan
BACKGROUND: To manage the acquired benign complicated tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and bronchial-gastric stump fistula (BGSF) are clinical technical challenge. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively review a surgical "double patch" technique in treating nonmalignant complicated TEF and BGSF, and then clarify the long-term curative effect of the technique. METHODS: Clinical records of 30 patients with non-malignant complicated TEF and BGSF treated by "double patch" technique in Tangdu Hospital between August 2004 and August 2014, were analyzed and summarized retrospectively...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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