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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809870/-case-report-iatrogenic-shoulder-pain-syndrome-following-spinal-accessory-nerve-injury-during-lateral-cervical-neck-dissection-for-tongue-cancer-the-role-of-rehabilitation-and-ethical-deontological-issues
#1
Gianpaolo Ronconi, Antonio Gioacchino Spagnolo, Giorgio Ferriero, Silvia Giovannini, Eugenia Amabile, Giulio Maccauro, Paola Emilia Ferrara
The shoulder pain syndrome is the most frequent complication of lateral cervical neck dissection and may be caused by iatrogenic injury to the spinal accessory nerve, causing pain and functional limitation of the upper limb and of the cervical spine. Interdisciplinary collaboration and early rehabilitation can reduce the consequences of disability and the possible issues that can arise due to inadequate management of the problem.
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790540/the-effect-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-on-the-occurrence-of-varicose-veins-on-lower-extremities
#2
Goran Talic, Luka Talic, Djurdjica Stevanovic-Papica, Tatjana Nozica-Radulovic, Snjezana Novakovic-Bursac
INTRODUCTION: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional spine deformity with the frontal plane deflexion (side-shift) of the series of vertebra from the midline and with torque deformity of vertebra, ribs, and the entire trunk towards the apex of curve. Chronic venous diseases present a group of pathological conditions caused by the increased venous pressure. The venous pressure may be increased due to genetics, ligament laxity, general obesity, injuries, and changes in biomechanics of spine and lower extremities, etc...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767002/employment-status-five-years-after-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-in-employees-on-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain
#3
Pernille Pedersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Chris Jensen, Merete Labriola
AIMS: To evaluate differences in employment status, during a five-year follow-up period in patients on sick leave due to low back pain who had participated in a trial comparing a brief and a multidisciplinary intervention. METHODS: From 2004 to 2008, 535 patients were referred to the Spine Centre at the Regional Hospital in Silkeborg if they had been on sick leave for 3-16 weeks due to low back pain. All patients underwent a clinical examination by a rehabilitation physician and a physiotherapist, and were randomised to either the brief intervention or the multidisciplinary intervention...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764702/characterisation-of-the-correlation-between-standing-lordosis-and-degenerative-joint-disease-in-the-lower-lumbar-spine-in-women-and-men-a-radiographic-study
#4
Kelvin J Murray, Michael R Le Grande, Arantxa Ortega de Mues, Michael F Azari
BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the lumbar spine is a common condition that is associated with chronic low back pain. Excessive loading of lumbar joints is a risk factor for DJD. Changes in lumbar lordosis significantly redistribute the forces of weight-bearing on the facet joints and the intervertebral discs. However, the relationship between lumbar lordosis and DJD has not been characterized in men and women. METHODS: We characterised the correlation between standing lumbar lordosis and DJD in standing radiographic images from 301 adult female and male chiropractic patients...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760460/different-patterns-of-motor-activity-induce-differential-plastic-changes-in-pyramidal-neurons-in-the-motor-cortex-of-rats-a-golgi-study
#5
Nallely Vázquez-Hernández, Diana C González-Tapia, Nestor I Martínez-Torres, David González-Tapia, Ignacio González-Burgos
Rehabilitation is a process which favors recovery after brain damage involving motor systems, and neural plasticity is the only real resource the brain has for inducing neurobiological events in order to bring about re-adaptation. Rats were placed on a treadmill and made to walk, in different groups, at different velocities and with varying degrees of inclination. Plastic changes in the spines of the apical and basal dendrites of fifth-layer pyramidal neurons in the motor cortices of the rats were detected after study with the Golgi method...
July 29, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757906/lumbosacral-dorsal-rhizotomy-for-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-health-technology-assessment
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy, a spectrum of neuromuscular conditions caused by abnormal brain development or early damage to the brain, is the most common cause of childhood physical disability. Lumbosacral dorsal rhizotomy is a neurosurgical procedure that permanently decreases spasticity and is always followed by physical therapy. The objectives of this health technology assessment were to evaluate the clinical effectiveness, safety, cost effectiveness, and family perspectives of dorsal rhizotomy...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753636/comparison-of-segmental-spinal-movement-control-in-adolescents-with-and-without-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-modified-pressure-biofeedback-unit
#7
Hong-Ji Luo, Shi-Xiang Lin, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Mei-Wun Tsai, Shwn-Jen Lee
BACKGROUND: Postural rehabilitation emphasizing on motor control training of segmental spinal movements has been proposed to effectively reduce the scoliotic spinal deformities in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, information regarding the impairments of segmental spinal movement control involving segmental spinal stabilizers in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis remains limited. Examination of segmental spinal movement control may provide a window for investigating the features of impaired movement control specific to spinal segments that may assist in the development of physiotherapeutic management of AIS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744061/reversing-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-a-case-report-featuring-mirror-image-%C3%A2-thoracic-extension-rehabilitation
#8
Jason E Miller, Paul A Oakley, Scott B Levin, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of non-surgical reduction of thoracic hyperkyphosis utilizing a multimodal rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 15-year-old female presented to a rehabilitation office suffering from back and neck pains and headaches. The patient was treated sporadically over a period of 13-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation and thoracic extension exercises, spinal traction and spinal manipulation. [Results] After 13-months of treatment the patient displayed a significant reduction in hyperkyphosis and a dramatic correction of her overall posture and spine alignment corresponding to the reduction in back/neck pains, headaches and the simultaneous improvement of various other health issues...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743218/development-of-a-lumbar-emg-based-coactivation-index-for-the-assessment-of-complex-dynamic-tasks
#9
Peter Le, Alexander Aurand, Benjamin A Walter, Thomas M Best, Safdar N Khan, Ehud Mendel, William S Marras
The objective of this study was to develop and test an EMG-based coactivation index and compare it to a coactivation index defined by a biologically-assisted lumbar spine model to differentiate between tasks. The purpose was to provide a universal approach to assess coactivation of a multi-muscle system when a computational model is not accessible. The EMG-based index developed utilized anthropometric-defined muscle characteristics driven by torso kinematics and EMG. Muscles were classified as agonists/antagonists based upon 'simulated' moments of the muscles relative to the total 'simulated' moment...
July 26, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723757/comprehensive-comparing-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-with-posterior-lumbar-internal-fixation-for-treatment-of-adjacent-segment-lumbar-disc-prolapse-with-stable-retrolisthesis-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yapeng Sun, Wei Zhang, Suhui Qie, Nan Zhang, Wenyuan Ding, Yong Shen
The study was to comprehensively compare the postoperative outcome and imaging parameter characters in a short/middle period between the percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and the internal fixation of bone graft fusion (the most common form is posterior lumbar interbody fusion [PLIF]) for the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc prolapse with stable retrolisthesis after a previous lumbar internal fixation surgery.In this retrospective case-control study, we collected the medical records from 11 patients who received PELD operation (defined as PELD group) for and from 13 patients who received the internal fixation of bone graft fusion of lumbar posterior vertebral lamina decompression (defined as control group) for the treatment of the lumbar disc prolapse combined with stable retrolisthesis at Department of Spine Surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University (Shijiazhuang, China) from May 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720987/management-of-post-traumatic-neglected-cervical-facet-dislocation
#11
Vinay Prabhat, Tankeshwar Boruah, Hitesh Lal, Ramesh Kumar, Ashish Dagar, Harekrushna Sahu
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic unilateral or bilateral sub-axial cervical spine dislocations with locked facets are quite common. In developing countries like India, many patients with cervical injuries report late due to many reasons like rural backgrounds, lack of infrastructures and skilled surgeons, unawareness, poor socioeconomic status, lack of transportation to the specialized center with proper facility, etc. Early management is essential to maximize better neurological outcome. Delayed or neglected presentation makes treatment more challenging...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720693/catastrophic-cervical-spinal-injury-in-an-amateur-college-wrestler
#12
Jayakrishnan Kelamangalathu Narayana Kurup, Ravitheja Jampani, Simanchal P Mohanty
A young amateur wrestler presented with a burst fracture of the seventh cervical vertebra with complete paraplegia. He was treated with surgery for spine stabilisation and was actively rehabilitated. Adolescents and teenagers are indulging in high-contact sports like wrestling, without proper training and technical know-how, which can lead to severe injuries and possibly, permanent handicap or death. Trainers, assistants and institutions should be well equipped to diagnose and provide initial care of people with a spinal injury to prevent a partial injury from progressing to complete injury...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718273/3d-quantitative-evaluation-of-spine-proprioceptive-perception-motor-control-through-instinctive-self-correction-manoeuvre-in-healthy-young-subjects-posture-an-observational-study
#13
Moreno D'Amico, Edyta Kinel, Piero Roncoletta
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatment in spine deformities and spine related disorders is mainly based on proper individual proprioceptive and motor control training. For these reasons, conservative treatment involves the stimulation of individual capability of perceiving/reducing deformities, blocks and/or improper spine posture by voluntary control. The literature describes that habitually adopted relaxed postures often exacerbate low back pain. Typically, youths can be referred to therapeutic programs aimed at improving the quality of body posture along with fostering the awareness of the importance of correct posture...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716636/a-simplified-clinical-prediction-rule-for-prognosticating-independent-walking-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-prospective-study-from-a-canadian-multicenter-spinal-cord-injury-registry
#14
Katharine E Hicks, Yichen Zhao, Nader Fallah, Carly Rivers, Vanessa Noonan, Tova Plashkes, Eugene K Wai, Darren M Roffey, Eve Tsai, Jerome Paquet, Najmedden Attabib, Travis Marion, Henry Ahn, Philippe Phan
BACKGROUND: Context: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating condition with limited treatment options for neurological or functional recovery. The ability to predict the prognosis of walking post-injury with emerging prediction models could aid in rehabilitation strategies and reintegration into the community. PURPOSE: To re-validate an existing clinical prediction model for independent ambulation (van Middendorp et al. 2011) utilising acute and long-term post-injury follow-up data, and to investigate the accuracy of a simplified model using prospectively collected data from a Canadian multicenter SCI database, the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry (RHSCIR)...
July 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713084/evalution-of-the-effectiveness-of-multimodal-approach-to-the-management-of-cervical-vertigo
#15
Olexandr A Jaroshevskyi, Oleksandr S Payenok, Anna V Logvinenko
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is one of the most common complaints among patients consulting neurologists and general practitioners - family medicine. A special form of dizziness is cervical vertigo. However, the presence of chronic vertigo and imbalance in this group of patients makes it possible to include the treatment of vestibular rehabilitation in the program. AIM: Evalution of the effectiveness of multimodal approach to the management of cervical vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 patients aged from 18 to 45 with vertigo together with myofascial pain syndrome of neck and shoulder area were examined...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705774/american-spinal-injury-association-a-sensory-and-motor-complete-is-not-different-from-american-spinal-injury-association-b-sensory-incomplete-motor-complete-in-gunshot-related-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Eric McCoy, Nima Eftekhary, Kenneth Nwosu, Dudley Fukunaga, Charles Liu, Kevin Rolfe
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: We receive a large number of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) due to penetrating gunshot wounds (GSW) at our national rehabilitation center. Although many patients are labeled American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) B sensory incomplete because of sensory sparing, especially deep anal pressure, with purported prognostic value, we have not observed a clinical difference from patients labeled ASIA A complete. We hypothesized that sensory sparing, if meaningful, should reduce the occurrence of pressure ulcers...
July 10, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676358/anatomy-and-physiology-of-the-pelvic-floor
#17
REVIEW
Sarah M Eickmeyer
Understanding the anatomic relationship of the pelvic floor muscles with the pelvic girdle, spine, and hips aids the rehabilitation provider in diagnosis, management, and appropriate referrals. The bony anatomy of the pelvic girdle consists of 3 bones and 3 joints. The pelvic floor muscles are comprised mainly of the levator ani muscles with somatic innervation from the lumbosacral plexus. The bony and muscular pelvis is highly interconnected to the hip and gluteal musculature, which together provide support to the internal organs and core muscles...
August 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665378/-the-application-of-general-magnetic-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-herniated-intervertebral-discs
#18
D D Voronina, A G Kulikov, I A Luppova, O V Yarustovskaya
AIM: The objective of the present work was to rehabilitate more efficiently the patients who had undergone the surgical treatment for herniated discs in the lumbosacral spine by applying general magnetic therapy during the combined treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients underwent the medical examination and treatment. The patients matched for age and sex presenting with similar clinical symptoms were divided into two groups. All of them received initial therapy that included medication, therapeutic physical exercises, and aquatic therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665377/-the-novel-approaches-to-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-co-morbid-pathology
#19
N E Komleva, A A Marjanovsky, A N Danilov, L G Agasarov
This paper was designed to discuss the problems of co-morbidity and approaches to the rehabilitation of the patients presenting with gastroesophageal reflux disease and a concomitant pathology and to analyze the issues concerning the possible vertebro-visceral correlations inherent in the diseases of the internal organs. AIM: To evaluate the vertebro-neurological status of the thoracic segment of the vertebral column in the patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease and to further improve the methods for their treatment taking into consideration the concomitant pathology, if any...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662011/-the-assessment-of-the-impact-of-rehabilitation-on-the-pain-intensity-level-in-patients-with-herniated-nucleus-pulposus-of-the-intervertebral-disc
#20
Kamil Koszela, Sylwia Krukowska, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
Back disorders are very common phenomena in modern society. One of the methods of spinal pain treatment is performing surgery. Unfortunately, this method is not one hundred percent effective. Some patients show no improvement after surgery, the pain persists and even increases. In these cases, it is reasonable to use the term Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS), i.e. back pain syndrome after unsuccessful spine surgery. AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the impact of rehabilitation on the pain intensity level in patients with FBSS...
June 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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