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Spine rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051824/atypical-femoral-fracture-as-first-sign-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-case-report-with-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#1
G Saviola, P Prometti, P R Ferrari, L G Dalle Carbonare
ABSTRACT: Atypical subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femoral fractures (AFF) have been suggested to be associated with the use of bisphosphonates (BPs), but the role of these drugs is still under debate. A 64-year old female, never treated with BPs was admitted to our Rehabilitation Institute because of a recent right AFF. The patient began suffering from low back pain radiating to the groin and to the anterior regions of the right thigh and leg, A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of the lumbar spine showed disc protrusions at the L3-L4 and L5-S1 levels with impingement of the spinal nerve root...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042725/stepwise-illustration-of-teeth-fixation-semi-constrained-cervical-disc-arthroplasty
#2
Chih-Chang Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Peng-Yuan Chang, Mei-Yin Yeh, Yi-Hsuan Kuo, Li-Yu Fay, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Wen-Cheng Huang, Henrich Cheng
There are many kinds of artificial discs available for cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA), with various designs of fixation and articulation mechanisms. Each of these designs has different features and theoretically fits most optimally in selected types of patients. However, there has been insufficient literature to guide individualized selection among these CDA devices. Since CDA aims to restore the joint function rather than arthrodesis, tailor-made size, shape, and mechanical properties should be taken into account for each candidate's target disc...
January 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039769/a-review-of-methods-to-assess-coactivation-in-the-spine
#3
REVIEW
Peter Le, Thomas M Best, Safdar N Khan, Ehud Mendel, William S Marras
Coactivation is an important component for understanding the physiological cost of muscular and spinal loads and their associations with spinal pathology and potentially myofascial pain. However, due to the complex and dynamic nature of most activities of daily living, it can be difficult to capture a quantifiable measure of coactivation. Many methods exist to assess coactivation, but most are limited to two-muscle systems, isometric/complex analyses, or dynamic/uniplanar analyses. Hence, a void exists in that coactivation has not been documented or assessed as a multiple-muscle system under realistic complex dynamic loading...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026724/-gait-analysis-in-patients-with-hip-disorders
#4
K Urbášek, J Poul
Recent studies have shown that the evaluation of both conservative and surgical therapy cannot do without gait analysis. Orthopaedic textbooks, with some exceptions, deal in great detail with a thorough clinical examination of the patient but gait assessment is mentioned only marginally. More attention is paid to gait analysis in rehabilitation medicine. Motion and gait analysis laboratories equipped with optoelectronic cameras and force platforms were first developed for cerebral palsy children. Recently, several studies have been published on the use of these methods in disorders of hip and knee joints or spine diseases...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025480/measurement-and-geometric-modelling-of-human-spine-posture-for-medical-rehabilitation-purposes-using-a-wearable-monitoring-system-based-on-inertial-sensors
#5
Gheorghe-Daniel Voinea, Silviu Butnariu, Gheorghe Mogan
This paper presents a mathematical model that can be used to virtually reconstruct the posture of the human spine. By using orientation angles from a wearable monitoring system based on inertial sensors, the model calculates and represents the curvature of the spine. Several hypotheses are taken into consideration to increase the model precision. An estimation of the postures that can be calculated is also presented. A non-invasive solution to identify the human back shape can help reducing the time needed for medical rehabilitation sessions...
December 22, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993739/septic-arthritis-of-an-atlantoaxial-facet-joint-with-normal-inflammatory-markers-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Gokhan Kuyumcu, Claus S Simpfendorfer, Maja Babic, Iain H Kalfas, Lucileia Teixeira-Johnson, Carl S Winalski
BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis of the atlantoaxial facet joint is extremely rare. Contiguous spread to the median atlantoaxial joints with subsequent dens erosion can lead to atlantoaxial instability. Misleading normal inflammatory markers can result in delayed diagnosis and catastrophic consequences. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old man presented with right-sided neck pain that had lasted for 2 days. He did not have fever or chills, and his serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were normal...
December 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992296/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-a-sling-exercise-and-a-traditional-stabilizing-exercise-for-clinical-lumbar-spinal-instability
#7
Yong Wook Kim, Na Young Kim, Won Hyuk Chang, Sang Chul Lee
CONTEXT: Specific muscle stabilization training can be more relevant to patients with clinical spinal instability symptoms. Therefore, we hypothesized that performing sling exercise using an elastic band in patients with clinical spinal instability leads to pain reduction and improved lumbar spine stability. OBJECTIVE: To compare supervised sling exercise with an elastic band with traditional stabilizing exercise in chronic lower back pain (LBP) patients with clinical spinal instability...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957404/effects-of-real-world-versus-virtual-environments-on-joint-excursions-in-full-body-reaching-tasks
#8
James S Thomas, Christopher R France, Samuel T Leitkam, Megan E Applegate, Peter E Pidcoe, Stevan Walkowski
Starting from an upright standing posture and reaching for a target that requires some forward bending of the trunk can involve many different configurations of the trunk and limb segments. We sought to determine if configurations of the limb and trunk segments during our standardized full-body reaching tasks were influenced by the visual environment. This paper examined movement patterns of healthy participants ([Formula: see text], eight female and nine male) performing full body reaching tasks to: 1) real-world targets; 2) virtual targets presented on a 3-D television; and 3) virtual targets presented using a head-mounted display...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927497/acute-renal-infarction-after-lateral-lumbar-interbody-spinal-fusion-for%C3%A2-kyphoscoliosis
#9
Sanjeev J Suratwala, MaryAnne Cronin, Katelyn Kondra, Vincent Leone
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: Case report of acute renal infarction following lateral interbody fusion with posterior instrumentation for adult lumbar kyphoscoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: This is the first reported renal infarction following minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion and posterior spinal instrumentation. METHODS: We report a case of acute renal infarction in a 72-year-old woman following direct lateral interbody fusion (DLIF) with percutaneous pedicle screw and rod fixation from L1 to L5 for correction of kyphoscoliosis...
September 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925241/vertebral-subluxation-repair-in-a-pet-goat
#10
Sara Nannarone, Enrico Bellezza, Yves P Moens, Paula Larenza Menzies
OBJECTIVES: To describe the perioperative management, including surgery, anesthesia, metabolic derangements, and physiotherapy, in a goat referred for paraparesis secondary to a road traffic accident. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: 2-year-old mixed breed dwarf 44 kg female pet goat. METHODS: Clinical examination showed symptoms of early compensatory stages of shock, paraparesis with hyperextension of the thoracic limbs, pain on palpation of the thoracolumbar spine, increased patellar reflexes of both pelvic limbs without superficial sensitivity, but preserved deep pain sensation...
December 7, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912991/malignant-spinal-cord-compression-adapting-conventional-rehabilitation-approaches
#11
REVIEW
Lisa Marie Ruppert
Spinal tumors are classically grouped into 3 categories: extradural, intradural extramedullary, and intradural intramedullary. Spinal tumors may cause spinal cord compression and vascular compromise resulting in pain or neurologic compromise. They may also alter the architecture of the spinal column, resulting in spinal instability. Oncologic management of spinal tumors varies according to the stability of the spine, neurologic status, and presence of pain. Treatment options include surgical intervention, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal manipulation...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910090/spinal-fractures-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-after-low-level-falls-10-year-incidence-and-outcomes
#12
Randeep S Jawa, Adam J Singer, Daniel N Rutigliano, Jane E McCormack, Emily C Huang, Marc J Shapiro, Suzanne D Fields, Brian N Morelli, James A Vosswinkel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of spinal fractures and their outcomes in the elderly who fall from low-levels in a suburban county. DESIGN: Retrospective county-wide trauma registry review from 2004 to 2013. SETTING: Suburban county with regionalized trauma care consisting of 11 hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Adult trauma patients aged ≥65 years who were admitted after falling from <3 feet. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#13
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870804/the-effects-of-low-load-motor-control-exercises-and-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-on-lumbar-multifidus-thickness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-load motor control exercises and a high-load lifting exercise, on lumbar multifidus (LM) thickness on either side of the spine and whether the effects are affected by pain intensity or change in pain intensity, among patients with nociceptive mechanical LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is evidence that patients with low back pain may have a decreased size of the (LM) muscles with an asymmetry between sides in the lower back...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822361/serious-bicycle-crash-injury-in-chiropractic-practice-a-case-report-of-delayed-diagnosis
#15
Lars Uhrenholt
BACKGROUND: Bicyclists are vulnerable road users and are at risk of serious spinal injury if involved in traffic crashes. In Denmark approximately 25 bicyclists are killed each year and some 20.000 bicycle related casualties are registered in the National Patient Registry each year. In addition to these figures, a large number of casualties remain unregistered despite injury. Many of the casualties will consult chiropractors in primary practice with or without preceding evaluation in the established emergency care facilities...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816390/biomechanical-analysis-of-combining-head-down-tilt-traction-with-vibration-for-different-grades-of-degeneration-of-the-lumbar-spine
#16
Sicong Wang, Lizhen Wang, Yawei Wang, Chengfei Du, Ming Zhang, Yubo Fan
In recent years, a combination of traction and vibration therapy is usually used to alleviate low back pain (LBP) in clinical settings. Combining head-down tilt (HDT) traction with vibration was demonstrated to be efficacious for LBP patients in our previous study. However, the biomechanics of the lumbar spine during this combined treatment is not well known and need quantitative analysis. In addition, LBP patients have different grades of degeneration of the lumbar spinal structure, which are often age related...
January 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#17
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812348/an-attempt-of-early-detection-of-poor-outcome-after-whiplash
#18
Sebastien Laporte, Danping Wang, Jennyfer Lecompte, Sophie Blancho, Baptiste Sandoz, Antoine Feydy, Pavel Lindberg, Julien Adrian, Elodie Chiarovano, Catherine de Waele, Pierre-Paul Vidal
The main concern with whiplash is that a large proportion of whiplash patients experience disabling symptoms or whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) for months if not years following the accident. Therefore, identifying early prognostic factors of WAD development is important as WAD have widespread clinical and economic consequences. In order to tackle that question, our study was specifically aimed at combining several methods of investigation in the same WAD patients at the acute stage and 6 months later...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795545/a-symptomatic-case-of-thoracic-vertebral-hemangioma-causing-lower-limb-spastic-paresis
#19
Mohammad Alfawareh, Tariq Alotaibi, Abdallah Labeeb, Ziad Audat
BACKGROUND Despite being the most common tumor of the spine, vertebral hemangioma is rarely symptomatic in adults. In fact, only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral hemangiomas may be symptomatic. When hemangiomas occur in the thoracic vertebrae, they are more likely to be symptomatic due to the narrow vertebral canal dimensions that mandate more aggressive management prior to the onset of severe neurological sequelae. CASE REPORT An 18-year-old male presented to the emergency room with a one-month history of mild to moderate mid-thoracic back pain, radiating to both lower limbs...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784233/physiotherapy-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-systematic-review-and-a-proposed-rehabilitation-protocol
#20
Deepak Sharan, Joshua Samuel Rajkumar
Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of insidious onset, mostly affecting the axial skeleton. It leads to varying degrees of restricted spinal mobility, pain and loss of functional capacity. Rehabilitation, especially Physiotherapy and exercises, are considered integral components of its management. Various rehabilitation modalities are available for the benefit of individuals with AS, but a sequenced protocol has not been reported. A scientific review was performed using the following search engines: MEDLINE (Pubmed), COCHRANE Library and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro)...
October 25, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
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