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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138171/motor-impairment-and-skeletal-mineralization-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Noreen Akhter, Atif Ahmed Khan, Aisha Ayyub
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bone mineral density and the effect of motor impairment on bone mineral density in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January 2013 to January 2015. Children diagnosed with cerebral palsy were sampled by non-probability purposive sampling from the Cerebral Palsy clinic. On the basis of Gross Motor Function Classification level of motor impairment, the children were divided into mild Cerebral Palsy (level 1 & 2) and moderate to severe Cerebral Palsy (level 3-5) groups...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135365/musculoskeletal-low-back-pain-in-school-aged-children-a-review
#2
James MacDonald, Emily Stuart, Richard Rodenberg
Importance: Low back pain (LBP) in children and adolescents is a common problem. The differential diagnosis of LBP in this population is broad and different from that seen in the adult population. Most causes of LBP are musculoskeletal and benign in their clinical course. Clinicians should have an understanding of the relevant anatomy and the most commonly encountered etiologic factors of LBP in children and adolescents to provide effective care. Observations: Low back pain is rarely seen in youth before they reach school age...
January 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128000/assessment-and-rehabilitation-of-chronic-low-back-pain-in-baseball-part-ii
#3
Joseph G Wasser, Jason L Zaremski, Daniel C Herman, Heather K Vincent
Repetitive throwing and hitting motions in baseball place mechanical stresses to the lumbar spine which may cause low back pain (LBP). Pain may be due to vertebral stress reactions or insufficiency fractures, intervertebral disc degeneration or intervertebral disc herniation. Untreated chronic conditions have high potential to lead to a more significant injury such as spondylolysis. Chronic LBP increases the risk for missed playing time, early career termination and lower quality of life after retirement. Proper clinical assessment and prevention/rehabilitation of LBP in this population is thus important for performance, play time and overall long-term quality of life...
January 27, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120045/reconstructive-neurosurgery-a-challenge
#4
Massimiliano Visocchi
The International Society of Reconstructive Neurosurgery (ISRN) is an "open" multidisciplinary Society in evolution. Many different members of the Society inspire new trends in many different neurosurgical fields, all dealing with neurosurgical reconstruction.Spine and peripheral nerve reconstructive surgery, central nervous system revascularization (via surgery and interventional radiology), neuromodulation, bioengineering, and transplantation are recent tools used to promote reconstruction, restoration, and rehabilitation...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119826/effects-of-3-dimensional-lumbar-stabilization-training-for-balance-in-chronic-hemiplegic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jin-Young Chun, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Sung-Hee Park, Yu Hui Won, Gi-Wook Kim, Sung-Jun Moon, Myoung-Hwan Ko
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system on the balance and gait abilities of hemiplegic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight hemiplegic patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=14) or control group (n=14). The experimental and control groups performed balance training by using the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system and the well-known Biodex Balance System 30 minutes per day, three times a week for 7 weeks...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102154/effectiveness-of-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-by-spinecor-dynamic-bracing-with-special-physiotherapy-programme-in-spinecor-system
#6
Karina Rożek, Tomasz Potaczek, Maja Zarzycka, Ewa Lipik, Barbara Jasiewicz
BACKGROUND: The SpineCor dynamic brace for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis is designed to maintain the correct position of the spine and a new movement strategy for 20 hours per day. The SpineCor exercise system intensifies and complements the brace treatment. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a comprehensive treatment of idiopathic scoliosis involving the SpineCor system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study assessed a group of 40 patients (38 girls and 2 boys) with idiopathic scoliosis treated with the SpineCor brace...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051824/atypical-femoral-fracture-as-first-sign-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-case-report-with-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#7
G Saviola, P Prometti, P R Ferrari, L G Dalle Carbonare
ABSTRACT: Atypical subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femoral fractures (AFF) have been suggested to be associated with the use of bisphosphonates (BPs), but the role of these drugs is still under debate. A 64-year old female, never treated with BPs was admitted to our Rehabilitation Institute because of a recent right AFF. The patient began suffering from low back pain radiating to the groin and to the anterior regions of the right thigh and leg, A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of the lumbar spine showed disc protrusions at the L3-L4 and L5-S1 levels with impingement of the spinal nerve root...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042725/stepwise-illustration-of-teeth-fixation-semi-constrained-cervical-disc-arthroplasty
#8
Chih-Chang Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Peng-Yuan Chang, Mei-Yin Yeh, Yi-Hsuan Kuo, Li-Yu Fay, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Wen-Cheng Huang, Henrich Cheng
There are many kinds of artificial discs available for cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA), with various designs of fixation and articulation mechanisms. Each of these designs has different features and theoretically fits most optimally in selected types of patients. However, there has been insufficient literature to guide individualized selection among these CDA devices. Since CDA aims to restore the joint function rather than arthrodesis, tailor-made size, shape, and mechanical properties should be taken into account for each candidate's target disc...
January 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039769/a-review-of-methods-to-assess-coactivation-in-the-spine
#9
REVIEW
Peter Le, Thomas M Best, Safdar N Khan, Ehud Mendel, William S Marras
Coactivation is an important component for understanding the physiological cost of muscular and spinal loads and their associations with spinal pathology and potentially myofascial pain. However, due to the complex and dynamic nature of most activities of daily living, it can be difficult to capture a quantifiable measure of coactivation. Many methods exist to assess coactivation, but most are limited to two-muscle systems, isometric/complex analyses, or dynamic/uniplanar analyses. Hence, a void exists in that coactivation has not been documented or assessed as a multiple-muscle system under realistic complex dynamic loading...
February 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026724/-gait-analysis-in-patients-with-hip-disorders
#10
K Urbášek, J Poul
Recent studies have shown that the evaluation of both conservative and surgical therapy cannot do without gait analysis. Orthopaedic textbooks, with some exceptions, deal in great detail with a thorough clinical examination of the patient but gait assessment is mentioned only marginally. More attention is paid to gait analysis in rehabilitation medicine. Motion and gait analysis laboratories equipped with optoelectronic cameras and force platforms were first developed for cerebral palsy children. Recently, several studies have been published on the use of these methods in disorders of hip and knee joints or spine diseases...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025480/measurement-and-geometric-modelling-of-human-spine-posture-for-medical-rehabilitation-purposes-using-a-wearable-monitoring-system-based-on-inertial-sensors
#11
Gheorghe-Daniel Voinea, Silviu Butnariu, Gheorghe Mogan
This paper presents a mathematical model that can be used to virtually reconstruct the posture of the human spine. By using orientation angles from a wearable monitoring system based on inertial sensors, the model calculates and represents the curvature of the spine. Several hypotheses are taken into consideration to increase the model precision. An estimation of the postures that can be calculated is also presented. A non-invasive solution to identify the human back shape can help reducing the time needed for medical rehabilitation sessions...
December 22, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993739/septic-arthritis-of-an-atlantoaxial-facet-joint-with-normal-inflammatory-markers-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Gokhan Kuyumcu, Claus S Simpfendorfer, Maja Babic, Iain H Kalfas, Lucileia Teixeira-Johnson, Carl S Winalski
BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis of the atlantoaxial facet joint is extremely rare. Contiguous spread to the median atlantoaxial joints with subsequent dens erosion can lead to atlantoaxial instability. Misleading normal inflammatory markers can result in delayed diagnosis and catastrophic consequences. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old man presented with right-sided neck pain that had lasted for 2 days. He did not have fever or chills, and his serum C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were normal...
December 18, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992296/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-a-sling-exercise-and-a-traditional-stabilizing-exercise-for-clinical-lumbar-spinal-instability
#13
Yong Wook Kim, Na Young Kim, Won Hyuk Chang, Sang Chul Lee
CONTEXT: Specific muscle stabilization training can be more relevant to patients with clinical spinal instability symptoms. Therefore, we hypothesized that performing sling exercise using an elastic band in patients with clinical spinal instability leads to pain reduction and improved lumbar spine stability. OBJECTIVE: To compare supervised sling exercise with an elastic band with traditional stabilizing exercise in chronic lower back pain (LBP) patients with clinical spinal instability...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957404/effects-of-real-world-versus-virtual-environments-on-joint-excursions-in-full-body-reaching-tasks
#14
James S Thomas, Christopher R France, Samuel T Leitkam, Megan E Applegate, Peter E Pidcoe, Stevan Walkowski
Starting from an upright standing posture and reaching for a target that requires some forward bending of the trunk can involve many different configurations of the trunk and limb segments. We sought to determine if configurations of the limb and trunk segments during our standardized full-body reaching tasks were influenced by the visual environment. This paper examined movement patterns of healthy participants ([Formula: see text], eight female and nine male) performing full body reaching tasks to: 1) real-world targets; 2) virtual targets presented on a 3-D television; and 3) virtual targets presented using a head-mounted display...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927497/acute-renal-infarction-after-lateral-lumbar-interbody-spinal-fusion-for%C3%A2-kyphoscoliosis
#15
Sanjeev J Suratwala, MaryAnne Cronin, Katelyn Kondra, Vincent Leone
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: Case report of acute renal infarction following lateral interbody fusion with posterior instrumentation for adult lumbar kyphoscoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: This is the first reported renal infarction following minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion and posterior spinal instrumentation. METHODS: We report a case of acute renal infarction in a 72-year-old woman following direct lateral interbody fusion (DLIF) with percutaneous pedicle screw and rod fixation from L1 to L5 for correction of kyphoscoliosis...
September 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925241/vertebral-subluxation-repair-in-a-pet-goat
#16
Sara Nannarone, Enrico Bellezza, Yves P Moens, Paula Larenza Menzies
OBJECTIVES: To describe the perioperative management, including surgery, anesthesia, metabolic derangements, and physiotherapy, in a goat referred for paraparesis secondary to a road traffic accident. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: 2-year-old mixed breed dwarf 44 kg female pet goat. METHODS: Clinical examination showed symptoms of early compensatory stages of shock, paraparesis with hyperextension of the thoracic limbs, pain on palpation of the thoracolumbar spine, increased patellar reflexes of both pelvic limbs without superficial sensitivity, but preserved deep pain sensation...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912991/malignant-spinal-cord-compression-adapting-conventional-rehabilitation-approaches
#17
REVIEW
Lisa Marie Ruppert
Spinal tumors are classically grouped into 3 categories: extradural, intradural extramedullary, and intradural intramedullary. Spinal tumors may cause spinal cord compression and vascular compromise resulting in pain or neurologic compromise. They may also alter the architecture of the spinal column, resulting in spinal instability. Oncologic management of spinal tumors varies according to the stability of the spine, neurologic status, and presence of pain. Treatment options include surgical intervention, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal manipulation...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910090/spinal-fractures-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-after-low-level-falls-10-year-incidence-and-outcomes
#18
Randeep S Jawa, Adam J Singer, Daniel N Rutigliano, Jane E McCormack, Emily C Huang, Marc J Shapiro, Suzanne D Fields, Brian N Morelli, James A Vosswinkel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of spinal fractures and their outcomes in the elderly who fall from low-levels in a suburban county. DESIGN: Retrospective county-wide trauma registry review from 2004 to 2013. SETTING: Suburban county with regionalized trauma care consisting of 11 hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Adult trauma patients aged ≥65 years who were admitted after falling from <3 feet. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#19
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870804/the-effects-of-low-load-motor-control-exercises-and-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-on-lumbar-multifidus-thickness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-load motor control exercises and a high-load lifting exercise, on lumbar multifidus (LM) thickness on either side of the spine and whether the effects are affected by pain intensity or change in pain intensity, among patients with nociceptive mechanical LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is evidence that patients with low back pain may have a decreased size of the (LM) muscles with an asymmetry between sides in the lower back...
November 18, 2016: Spine
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