Read by QxMD icon Read

Spine rehabilitation

Kenneth Chin, Joshua M Abzug, Donald S Bae, Bernard D Horn, Martin Herman, Craig P Eberson
Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Errors of pediatric polytrauma care are included in two broad categories: missed injuries and inadequate fracture treatment...
February 15, 2016: Instructional Course Lectures
Outi Ilves, Arja Häkkinen, Joost Dekker, Liisa Pekkanen, Kirsi Piitulainen, Salme Järvenpää, Ilkka Marttinen, Kimmo Vihtonen, Marko H Neva
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of the postoperative 12-month exercise program compared to usual care on disability and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients after lumbar spine fusion surgery (LSF). METHODS: Altogether, 98 patients with isthmic (31) or degenerative (67) spondylolisthesis were randomised to exercise therapy group (EG) (n = 48) or usual care group (UCG) (n = 50) 3 months after LSF. EG patients had home-based progressive strength and aerobic training program for 12 months...
September 29, 2016: European Spine Journal
Julien Nardoux
OBJECTIVE: Chronic low-back pain is accompanied by physical deconditioning which result among other by lower VO2max and by disturbances isokinetic explorations. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between VO2max and isokinetic parameters spine before and after a functional restoration program (FRP). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Uni-centric retrospective study in routine care. Isokinetic spine muscle strength evaluation and functional exercise exploration were performed before and after FRP for all hospitalized patients for 4 weeks to FRP...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Clémence Coll, Elsa Mauruc, Célia Valser, Luce Condamine, Emilie Hutin, Yves Coulomb, Jean-Michel Gracies, Shahab Fardjad
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of multidisciplinary functional restoration spine programs (FRP) has been demonstrated in terms of secondary prevention in chronic low-back pain (LBP), working lumbar spine reconditioning. Our LBP patients follow a FRP program, one day/week over 5 weeks, with self-rehabilitation the other days called "mini FRP". The objective of the study is to compare responses to a mini-FRP program, between two groups from a population of patients working with LBP: "Sedentary Workers (SW)" and "Force Workers (FW)"...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Emilie Viollet, Arnaud Dupeyron, Corine Gagnard-Landra
OBJECTIVE: Pisa syndrome (PS) is a common abnormal posture of the trunk in Parkinson disease which is defined as a lateral flexion of the spine in the coronal plane and/or scoliosis. Few studies described focal treatment of dystonia of paraspinal muscles, with unpredictable results, while the participation of quadratus lumborum and external oblique homolateral seem to be interesting. The aim of this study is to estimate the effects of treatment by botulinum toxin of trunk muscles dystonia in PS...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Haj Hamad, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: The femur aplasia is a congenital developmental defect of the femur often associated with malformations of the pelvis and lower limb. There are all intermediaries between the short femur and vestigial femoral. The total femur absence (agenesis) is rare. We report a case of a child followed in our Physical Medicine Department for proximal bilateral femoral agenesis. OBSERVATIONS: This is M.S., a 5 years old child, addressed for a waddling gait and a deformation of the trunk...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Elodie Lemaire, Julien Durigneux, Henry-François Parent, Amélie Anselmetti, Pierre Béranger, Juliette Palussière, Mickael Dinomais
OBJECTIVE: The scoliosis follow up is monitored by whole-spine radiographs with the Cobb angle measuring (Gold Standard). This technique is radiant, and could result from radiation-induced cancers (Ronckers et al., 2010). New monitoring methods could be needed. We have analyzed possible link between measured parameters by the optical system BIOMODTM-L, and (1) thoracic Cobb angle and (2) clinical thoracic humps (measured by scoliometer). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-four scoliosis patients (9 males, mean age 12...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Joohyun Kim, Jang-Bo Lee, Tai-Hyoung Cho, Junseok W Hur
PURPOSE: Onyx embolization is one of the standard treatments for brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and is a promising method for spinal AVMs as well. Its advantages have been emphasized, and few complications have been reported with Onyx embolization in spinal AVMs. Here, we report an incidental anterior spinal artery (ASA) occlusion due to Onyx reflux during embolization of a spinal type II AVM. METHODS: A 15-year-old boy presented with weakness in both upper and lower extremities...
September 26, 2016: European Spine Journal
Patrick Grabowski, John Wilson, Alyssa Walker, Dan Enz, Sijian Wang
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate implementation, safety and feasibility of multimodal, impairment-based physical therapy (PT) combining vestibular/oculomotor and cervical rehabilitation with sub-symptom threshold exercise for the treatment of patients with post-concussion syndrome (PCS). SETTING: University hospital outpatient sports medicine facility. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients (12-20 years old) meeting World Health Organization criteria for PCS following sport-related concussion referred for supervised PT consisting of sub-symptom cardiovascular exercise, vestibular/oculomotor and cervical spine rehabilitation...
June 7, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Hao Yin, Zhang Huang, Zhengjun Pan
An anterior-superior iliac spine avulsion fracture is an uncommon injury in adolescent athletes and simultaneous bilateral avulsion fracture is fairly rare. The authors report cases of traumatic avulsion fractures of anterior-superior iliac spine after sports activity in teenagers. Open reduction and cannulate screws fixation resulted in an excellent functional outcome for this relatively uncommon fracture. The authors also stress the importance of careful clinical examination and recommend open reduction and internal fixation for patients requiring rapid rehabilitation...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Morteza Taghipour, Elham Jannati, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh
BACKGROUND: Measurement of lumbar spine range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of lumbar spine physiotherapy and orthopedic assessment. The measurement can be carried out through various instruments such as inclinometers, goniometers, and etc. Recent smartphones have been equipped with accelerometers and magnetometers, which, through specific software applications (apps) can be used for inclinometric functions. PURPOSE: The main purpose was to investigate the reliability and validity of an iPhone(®) app (TiltMeter(©) -advanced level and inclinometer) for measuring standing lumbar spine flexion-extension ROM in asymptomatic subjects...
2016: PeerJ
James S Thomas, Christopher R France, Megan E Applegate, Samuel T Leitkam, Peter E Pidcoe, Stevan Walkowski
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) interventions hold great potential for rehabilitation as commercial systems are becoming more affordable and can be easily applied to both clinical and home settings. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to determine how differences in the VR display type can influence motor behavior, cognitive load, and participant engagement. METHODS: Movement patterns of 17 healthy young adults (8 female, 9 male) were examined during games of Virtual Dodgeball presented on a three-dimensional television (3DTV) and a head-mounted display (HMD)...
2016: JMIR Serious Games
Matt Greig, Philip Nagy
CONTEXT: Epidemiological studies highlight a prevalence of lumbar vertebrae injuries in cricket fast bowlers, with governing bodies implementing rules to reduce exposure. Analysis typically requires complex and laboratory-based biomechanical analyses, lacking ecological validity. Developments in GPS micro-technologies facilitate on-field measures of mechanical intensity, facilitating screening toward prevention and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of using GPS-mounted tri-axial accelerometers to quantify accumulated body 'load', and to investigate the effect of GPS unit placement in relation to epidemiological observations...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jae Wook Lee, Sung-Moon Lee, Dong Gyu Lee
Pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome is an unusual cause of chronic pelvic pain. We experienced a case of pudendal neuralgia associated with a ganglion cyst. A 60-year-old male patient with a tingling sensation and burning pain in the right buttock and perineal area visited our outpatient rehabilitation center. Pelvis magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of multiple ganglion cysts around the right ischial spine and sacrospinous ligament, and the pudendal nerve and vessel bundle were located between the ischial spine and ganglion cyst at the entrance of Alcock's canal...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jung Wook Park, Min Woo Cheon, Min Hong Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the visibility and procedural parameters between a standard spinal needle and a new laser-etched needle (LEN) in real-time ultrasonography guided lumbar medial branch access in a phantom of the lumbosacral spine. METHODS: We conducted a prospective single-blinded observational study at a rehabilitation medicine center. A new model of LEN was manufactured with a standard 22-gauge spinal needle and a laser etching machine. Thirty-two inexperienced polyclinic medical students performed ultrasonography-guided lumbar medial branch access using both a standard spinal needle and a LEN with scanning protocol...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ibrahim M Moustafa, Aliaa A Diab, Shimaa Taha, Deed E Harrison
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immediate and 1-year effects of a multimodal program, with cervical lordosis and anterior head translation (AHT) rehabilitation, on the severity of pain, disability, peripheral and central nervous system function in patients with discogenic cervical radiculopathy (DCR). DESIGN: A randomized controlled study with a 1-year and 10-week follow-up. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 40 (27 males) patients with chronic DCR, a defined hypolordotic cervical spine and AHT posture were randomly assigned to the control (43...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Marco Tramontano, Giovanni Morone, Andrea Curcio, Giulia Temperoni, Alessandra Medici, Daniela Morelli, Carlo Caltagirone, Stefano Paolucci, Marco Iosa
BACKGROUND: Dual task paradigm is common mechanism of daily life, it is often used for investigating the effect on cognitive processing of motor behavior. AIM: In the present study we investigate the dual task interference during walking on upright gait stability. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING: Inpatient neurorehabilitation unit and children neurorehabilitation unit. POPULATION: Eighty-five subjects were enrolled, divided into five groups: healthy young, healthy elderly, children with typical development, children with cerebral palsy and adults with stroke in subacute phase...
August 30, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ibrahim M Moustafa, Aliaa A Diab, Deed E Harrison
BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic dizziness is a disabling condition commonly associated with cervical dysfunction. Although the growing interest with the importance of normal sagittal configuration of cervical spine, the missing component in the management of cervicogenic dizziness might be altered structural alignment of the cervical spinal region itself. AIM: To investigate the immediate and long-term effects of a 1-year multimodal program, with the addition of cervical lordosis restoration and anterior head translation (AHT) correction, on the severity of dizziness, disability, cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility, and cervical pain in patients with cervicogenic dizziness...
August 30, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Steven L Bokshan, Alex L Han, J Mason DePasse, Adam E M Eltorai, Stephen E Marcaccio, Mark A Palumbo, Alan H Daniels
Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass associated with aging and advanced disease. This study retrospectively examined patients older than 55 years (N=46) who underwent thoracolumbar spine surgery between 2003 and 2015. Each patient's comorbidity burden was determined using the Charlson Comorbidity Index, and the Mirza Surgical Invasiveness Index was used to measure procedural complexity. Sarcopenia was diagnosed by measuring the total cross-sectional area of the psoas muscle at the L4 vertebrae using perioperative computed tomography scans...
August 18, 2016: Orthopedics
Lili Cui, Dandan Wang, Sandra McGillis, Michele Kyle, Li-Ru Zhao
Stroke, a leading cause of adult disability in the world, is a severe medical condition with limited treatment. Physical therapy, the only treatment available for stroke rehabilitation, appears to be effective within 6 months post-stroke. Here, we have mechanistically determined the efficacy of combined two hematopoietic growth factors, stem cell factor (SCF) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF; SCF + G-CSF), in brain repair 6 months after cortical infarct induction in the transgenic mice carrying yellow fluorescent protein in Layer V pyramidal neurons (Thy1-YFP-H)...
June 2016: ASN Neuro
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"