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Spine rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789351/development-and-validation-of-two-clinical-prediction-models-to-inform-clinical-decision-making-for-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-for-degenerative-disorders-and-rehabilitation-following-surgery-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#1
Alison B Rushton, Martin L Verra, Andrew Emms, Nicola R Heneghan, Deborah Falla, Michael Reddington, Ashley A Cole, Paul Willems, Lorin Benneker, David Selvey, Michael Hutton, Martijn W Heymans, J Bart Staal
INTRODUCTION: Potential predictors of poor outcome will be measured at baseline: (1) preoperatively to develop a clinical prediction model to predict which patients are likely to have favourable outcome following lumbar spinal fusion surgery (LSFS) and (2) postoperatively to predict which patients are likely to have favourable long-term outcomes (to inform rehabilitation). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective observational study with a defined episode inception of the point of surgery...
May 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786677/-combined-rehabilitation-in-the-patients-presenting-with-dorsopathies-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-concomitant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-based-at-a-therapeutic-clinic
#2
E V Sevostyanova, Y A Nikolaev, N V Bogdankevich, V G Lusheva, N A Dolgova, V Y Polyakov
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity constitutes a serious challenge for rehabilitative medicine. The comorbidity of the dorsopathy of the lumbar spine and irritable bowel syndrome mutually complicates the clinical course of both conditions, significantly reduces the patients' quality of life. and increases the costs of diagnostic procedures and restoration of the working capacity. The approaches to the non-pharmacological management of the patients presenting with these diseases remain to be developed...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783868/low-bone-mineral-density-in-ambulatory-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#3
Cindy T R Mus-Peters, Bionka M A Huisstede, Suzie Noten, Minou W M G C Hitters, Wilma M A van der Slot, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
PURPOSE: Non-ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy are prone to low bone mineral density. In ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy, bone mineral density deficits are expected to be small or absent, but a consensus conclusion is lacking. In this systematic review bone mineral density in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification Scales I-III) was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. According to international guidelines, low bone mineral density was defined as Z-score ≤ -2...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781783/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-non-surgical-management-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-fracture-dislocations-a-historical-analysis-in-the-era-of-modern-spinal-surgery
#4
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Gregory D Schroeder, Alpesh A Patel, Alexander R Vaccaro
CONTEXT: It is well established that traumatic spinal dislocations (AO Type C injuries) should be surgically treated. However, no recent comparative study of surgical versus non-surgical management of type C injuries was found attesting the superiority of surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of information about the natural history of non-surgical management of type C injuries, we evaluated the outcome of historical conservative treatment of type C injuries...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#5
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769491/management-of-traumatic-unstable-thoracolumbar-spine-conservative-versus-operative-treatment
#6
M M Rahman, N A Islam, M S Islam, M M Rahman, M A Islam, M K Alamgir, M H Sarker
Traumatic thoracolumbar spine injury result in significant instability of the spine and leads to an acute on delayed neurological deficit. Objective of the study is to find a better option in the management of unstable traumatic thoracolumbar spine with incomplete neurological lesion. This was quasi-experimental study. The study was carried out at National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2006 to December 2008. A total number of 40 patients with traumatic thoracolumbar spine injuries with incomplete neurological lesion were selected purposively...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760878/chiropractic-treatment-including-instrument-assisted-manipulation-for-non-specific-dizziness-and-neck-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-feasibility-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#7
Julie C Kendall, Simon D French, Jan Hartvigsen, Michael F Azari
Background: Dizziness in older people is a risk factor for falls. Neck pain is associated with dizziness and responds favourably to neck manipulation. However, it is unknown if chiropractic intervention including instrument-assisted manipulation of the neck in older people with neck pain can also improve dizziness. Methods: This parallel two-arm pilot trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia over nine months (October 2015 to June 2016). Participants aged 65-85 years, with self-reported chronic neck pain and dizziness, were recruited from the general public through advertisements in local community newspapers and via Facebook...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746965/spine-and-lower-extremity-kinematics-during-gait-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-patients
#8
Ram Haddas, Sujal Patel, Raj Arakal, Akwasi Boah, Theodore Belanger, Kevin L Ju
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: CSM typically manifests with a slow, progressive stepwise decline in neurologic function, including hand clumsiness and balance difficulties. Gait disturbances are frequently seen in CSM patients, with more advanced cases exhibiting a stiff, spastic gait. PURPOSE: To evaluate the spatiotemporal parameters and spine and lower extremity kinematics during the gait cycle of adult cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients prior to surgical intervention...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#9
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719724/a-narrative-review-on-cervical-interventions-in-adults-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Charlotte Anderson, Euson Yeung, Tiffany Tong, Nick Reed
Introduction: Whiplash injuries are common in society, but clinical interventions are inconclusive on the most effective treatment. Research and reviews have been completed with the goal of determining clinical interventions that are effective for whiplash injuries and disorders, but literature has not recently been summarised on best practices for cervical spine interventions for adults with chronic whiplash. Purpose: The objective of this narrative review is to update and expand on previous works, to provide recommendations for clinical interventions and future research in the area of cervical spine rehabilitation for adults with chronic whiplash-associated disorder...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718002/vertebral-artery-dissection-masquerading-as-concussion-in-an-adolescent
#11
Gogi Kumar, Bryan Ludwig, Vipul V Patel
OBJECTIVE: Educate providers about the clinical presentation and consequences of delaying diagnosis of traumatic vertebral artery dissection with thromboembolic ischemic strokes in the pediatric population. Vertebral artery dissection is often difficult to diagnose and can be a potentially devastating cause of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Review of the chart, peer review/discussion, and imaging interpretation. RESULTS: A 16-year-old boy was admitted with confusion after a head and neck trauma was sustained while wrestling...
May 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707548/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-for-degenerative-spine-disease-and-deformity-correction-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Marios G Lykissas, Dionysios Giannoulis
During the last two decades, minimally invasive techniques and instruments in spine surgery have undergone serious development in all fields. Specific advantages of these minimally invasive methods have put them forward in spine surgery in recent times. Preservation of important anatomical structures of the spine is a major factor for the evolution of these procedures. The lower prevalence of complications and faster rehabilitation of patients are some of the advantages of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS)...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706756/comparing-blunt-and-penetrating-trauma-in-spinal-cord-injury-analysis-of-long-term-functional-and-neurological-outcomes
#13
Mary Joan Roach, Yuying Chen, Michael L Kelly
Background: Comparisons between patients with penetrating spinal cord injury (PSCI) and blunt spinal cord injury (BSCI) are scarce. Purpose: To describe baseline characteristics and neurological and functional outcomes for patients with BSCI and PSCI. Methods: Participants with BSCI ( n = 5,316) and PSCI ( n = 1,062) were extracted from the Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems database from January 1994 to January 2015. Participant injury and demographic characteristics were recorded. Outcomes were measured using the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury and FIM motor scores...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706725/alleviation-of-neck-pain-by-the-non-surgical-rehabilitation-of-a-pathologic-cervical-kyphosis-to-a-normal-lordosis-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-report
#14
Alyssa K Dennis, Paul A Oakley, Michael T Weiner, Tara A VanVranken, David A Shapiro, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the therapeutic reversal of a cervical kyphosis into a lordosis in a patient who presented with neck pain and headaches. [Subject and Methods] A 24-year-old male irritated his neck while dancing. Upon examination it was revealed he had an excessive, 45 mm forward head translation and a 15° cervical kyphosis from C3-C6. The patient was treated with Chiropractic BioPhysics® methods aimed at restoring the cervical lordosis by mirror image® , neck extension exercises, cervical extension traction, and spinal manipulative therapy...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678702/predictive-modeling-of-length-of-hospital-stay-following-adult-spinal-deformity-correction-analysis-of-653-patients-with-an-accuracy-of-75-within-2-days
#15
Michael M Safaee, Justin K Scheer, Tamir Ailon, Justin S Smith, Robert A Hart, Douglas C Burton, Shay Bess, Brian J Neuman, Peter G Passias, Emily Miller, Christopher I Shaffrey, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Eric O Klineberg, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND: Length of stay (LOS) following adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery is a critical period that allows for optimal recovery. Predictive models that estimate length of stay allow for stratification of high risk patients. METHODS: A prospectively acquired multi-center database of ASD patients was used. Those with staged surgery or LOS>30 days were excluded. Univariable predictor importance ≥0.90, redundancy, and collinearity testing were used to identify variables for model building...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666075/rogue-one-a-story-of-tophaceous-gout-in-the-spine
#16
Karthik Dwarki, Andy Dothard, Bryan Abadie, Matthew C Miles
A 26-year-old man with history of extensive tophaceous gout presented to the referring facility with decreased bilateral lower extremity sensation and motor function that began acutely 1 week prior to admission and had progressed to urinary incontinence. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit due to concern for sepsis secondary to epidural abscess. The patient was started on empiric vancomycin and cefepime. Neurosurgery did not recommend acute neurosurgical intervention given the lack of a compressive lesion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661220/asymmetrical-degenerative-marrow-modic-changes-in-cervical-spine-prevalence-correlative-factors-and-surgical-outcomes
#17
Xianda Gao, Jia Li, Yiqing Shi, Shaoqing Li, Yong Shen
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to discuss the prevalence and surgical outcomes of the asymmetrical Modic changes and identify its correlative factors by multivariate logistic regression analysis. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-eight patients with single-level Modic changes and nerve compression symptoms were reviewed retrospectively from January 2008 to January 2015. 1.5-T MRI was performed to determine the Modic changes. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the correlative factors of asymmetrical Modic changes...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608121/global-rating-of-change-perspectives-of-patients-with-lumbar-impairments-and-of-their-physical-therapists
#18
Ying-Chih Wang, Bhagwant S Sindhu, Jay Kapellusch, Sheng-Che Yen, Leigh Lehman
BACKGROUND: Global rating of change (GROC) scores provide a means of measuring patients' self-perceived change in health status over time. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were to examine agreement of GROC ratings between the patient (GROCp) and the treating therapist (GROCt), the impact on the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) estimates by reporting resources, and the relationships between the subjective GROC scores and objective outcome measures...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590445/atlantoaxial-instability-in-a-patient-with-neck-pain-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
Christian Lyons, Michael Ross, Ryan Elliott, Michael Tall
The purpose of this report is to describe the evaluation and treatment of a patient with neck pain and ankylosing spondylitis who had underlying atlantoaxial instability. The patient was a 31-yr-old man diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis 1 yr prior who was referred to a physical therapist for the treatment of chronic, worsening low back and hip pain. He also had secondary complaints of neck, upper back, and shoulder pain. The patient worked as a military pilot. As part of the patient's physical examination, a Sharp-Purser test was performed, which was positive for excessive motion...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557687/passive-accessory-joint-mobilization-in-the-multimodal-management-of-chronic-dysesthesia-following-thalamic-stroke
#20
Kristina Griffin, Michael O'Hearn, Carla C Franck, Carol A Courtney
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. PURPOSE: Stroke is the most common cause of long-term disability. Dysesthesia, an unpleasant sensory disturbance, is common following thalamic stroke and evidence-based interventions for this impairment are limited. The purpose of this case report was to describe a decrease in dysesthesia following manual therapy intervention in a patient with history of right lacunar thalamic stroke. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 66-year-old female presented with tingling and dysesthesia in left hemisensory distribution including left trunk and upper/lower extremities, limiting function...
March 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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