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Nozomi Ishii, Ken Ogiwara, Kanae Sano, Jyunichi Kumada, Kenji Yamamoto, Yuji Matsuzaki, Ichiro Matsuo
To demonstrate the structural specificity of the glycosyl donor for the transglycosylation reaction using endo-b-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Mucor hiemalis (endo-M), a series of tetrasaccharide oxazoline derivatives was synthesized. These derivatives correspond to the core structure of an asparagine-linked glycoprotein glycan with a b-mannose units of non-natural-type monosaccharides, including b-glucose, b-galactose, and b-talose in place of the b-mannose moiety. Using these tetrasaccharide donors with p-nitrophenyl N-acetylglucosaminide (GlcNAc-pNp), the transglycosylation activity of wild-type (WT) endo-M and two mutants, N175Q and N175A, was examined...
November 10, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
M R Chacón, J Lozano-Bartolomé, M Portero-Otín, M M Rodríguez, G Xifra, J Puig, G Blasco, W Ricart, F J Chaves, J M Fernández-Real
The mycobiotic component of the microbiota comprises an integral, yet under-researched, part of the gastrointestinal tract. Here, we present a preliminary study of the possible contribution of gut mycobiota to sub-clinical atherosclerosis in a well-characterised group of obese and non-obese subjects in association with the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). From all taxa identified, the relative abundance of the phylum Zygomycota, comprising the family Mucoraceae and genus Mucor, was negatively associated with cIMT and this association remained significant after controlling for false discovery rate...
November 10, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
Prafulla K Maharana, Pranita Sahay, M Sujeeth, Deepali Singhal, Anubha Rathi, Jeewan S Titiyal, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To assess the pattern of microbial keratitis after accelerated corneal collagen cross-linkage (aCXL) in patients with keratoconus. METHOD: The medical records of cases of keratoconus that underwent aCXL from June 2014 to May 2017 were reviewed. Cases that developed microbial keratitis after aCXL were included in the study. The clinical, microbiological profile and the treatment outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 532 eyes that underwent aCXL, 7 cases developed microbial keratitis during the study period...
November 2, 2017: Cornea
Nidja Rehberg, Herve Sergi Akone, Thomas R Ioerger, German Erlenkamp, Georgios Daletos, Holger Gohlke, Peter Proksch, Rainer Kalscheuer
The flavonoid natural compound chlorflavonin was isolated from the endophytic fungus Mucor irregularis, which was obtained from the Cameroonian medicinal plant Moringa stenopetala. Chlorflavonin exhibited strong growth inhibitory activity in vitro against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MIC90 1.56 μM) while exhibiting no cytotoxicity towards the human cell lines MRC-5 and THP-1 up to concentrations of 100 µM. Mapping of resistance-mediating mutations employing whole-genome sequencing, chemical supplementation assays, molecular docking studies as well as enzymatic characterization revealed that chlorflavonin specifically inhibits the acetohydroxyacid synthase catalytic subunit IlvB1, causing combined auxotrophies to branched chain amino acids and to pantothenic acid...
November 6, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
S Agha Kuchak Afshari, H Rahimi, S J Hashemi, R Daie Ghazvini, H Badali, S Aghaei Gharehbolagh, S Rezaie
BACKGROUND: In immunocompromised patients suffering from invasive fungal infections, rapid identification of fungal species is important since the appropriate treatment is usually related to the responsible species. We describe here, an assay based on combination of PCR and reverse line blot hybridization (PCR/RLB) for differentiation causative agent of fungal infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed PCR/RLB assay on 10 reference strains, which include Aspergillus species (A...
October 31, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Lenny S F Ahmadsah, Eiseul Kim, Youn-Sik Jung, Hae-Yeong Kim
Laru samples obtained from the upper part of Borneo Island were analyzed for their lactic acid bacterial (LAB) and fungal diversity using both a culture-independent method (PCR-DGGE) and culture-dependent methods (SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF MS). Pediococcus pentosaceus, Lactobacillus brevis, Saccharomycopsis fibuligera, Hyphopichia burtonii, and Kodamaea ohmeri were detected by all three methods. In addition, Weissella cibaria, Weissella paramesenteroides, Leuconostoc citreum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactococcus lactis, Rhizopus oryzae/Amylomyces rouxii, Mucor indicus, and Candida intermedia were detected by PCR-DGGE...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Małgorzata Mizielińska, Piotr Salachna, Magdalena Ordon, Łukasz Łopusiewicz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal properties of acetone and water extracts of selected Eucomis taxa. METHODS: The bulbs of Eucomis bicolor, Eucomis comosa (E. comosa) and E. comosa cv. were dried and examples from each experimental treatment were ground separately into powder. Each sample was divided into two groups with equal amounts of powder, and respectively extracted with water and a 70% solution of aqueous acetone. The crude water extracts were then filtered through a 0...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Gabriel F Dos Santos, Jacqueline A Takahashi
The in vitro metabolism of a widespread natural product, trachyloban-19-oic acid (1), by the fungal species Mucor plumbeus was studied in a sucrose-yeast liquid medium. Two products were isolated, and their structures were determined by spectroscopic means as 7β-hydroxytrachyloban-19-oic acid (5) and trachyloban-19-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (6). To the best of our knowledge, compound 6 is herein reported by the first time in the literature. These compounds were assayed for acetylcholinesterase inhibition along with some related compounds...
October 23, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Willian G Birolli, Darlisson de A Santos, Natália Alvarenga, Anuska C F S Garcia, Luciane P C Romão, André L M Porto
The biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by marine-derived fungi was reported in this work. Marine-derived fungi (Trichoderma harzianum CBMAI 1677, Cladosporium sp. CBMAI 1237, Aspergillus sydowii CBMAI 935, Penicillium citrinum CBMAI 1186 and Mucor racemosus CBMAI 847) biodegraded anthracene (14days, 130rpm, 50mgmL(-1) initial concentration in malt 2% medium). Cladosporium sp. CBMAI 1237 was the most efficient strain and biodegraded more anthracene in the presence (42% biodegradation) than in the absence (26%) of artificial seawater, suggesting that the biodegradation of PAHs may be faster in seawater than in non-saline environment...
October 18, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Dawn E Evans, Atsushi Kawabata, Leslie D Wilson, Kenneth Kim, Shannon D Dehghanpir, Steve D Gaunt, Matt Welborn, Britton Grasperge, Marjorie S Gill
Two Vietnamese potbellied pigs ( Sus scrofa) had respiratory disease and, on autopsy, both pigs had large masses in the lungs and thoracic cavity. Microscopically, pulmonary and pleural masses contained large areas with hyphae surrounded by hypereosinophilic cellular debris rimmed by abundant eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and histiocytes with occasional multinucleate giant cells. The hypereosinophilic debris usually formed tight cuffs, or "sleeves" around the hyphae, compatible with Splendore-Hoeppli-like material...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
B Mousavi, J M Costa, P Arné, J Guillot, R Chermette, F Botterel, E Dannaoui
Mucormycosis is a life-threatening invasive fungal disease that affects a variety of patient groups. Although Mucorales are mostly opportunistic pathogens originating from soil or decaying vegetation, there are currently few data on prevalence of this group of fungi in the environment. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and diversity of species of Mucorales from soil samples collected in France. Two grams of soil were homogenized in sterile saline and plated on Sabouraud dextrose agar and RPMI agar supplemented with itraconazole or voriconazole...
July 28, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Parvin Hasanizadeh, Hamid Moghimi, Javad Hamedi
Biosurfactants are biocompatible surface active agents which many microorganisms produce. This study investigated the production of biosurfactants by Mucor circinelloides. The effects of different factors on biosurfactant production, including carbon sources and concentrations, nitrogen sources, and iron (II) concentration, were studied and the optimum condition determined. Finally, the strain's ability to remove the crude oil and its relationship with biosurfactant production was evaluated. The results showed that M...
October 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Ahsan Hameed, Syed Ammar Hussain, Junhuan Yang, Muhammad Umair Ijaz, Qing Liu, Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria, Yuanda Song
Three important strains of Mucorcircinelloides grown in complete and minimal media for specified period (72 h, 120 h and 168 h) under submerged fermentation conditions were investigated for their potential antioxidants/secondary metabolite production. All mycelial extracts demonstrated effective antioxidant activities in terms of β-carotene/linoleic acid bleaching, radical scavenging, reduction of metal ions and chelating abilities against ferrous ions. Different extraction methods and solvent systems affected the recovery yield and antioxidant activities of the extracts significantly (p ≤ 0...
October 7, 2017: Nutrients
G Slonimsky, E Slonimsky, A Yakirevitch, D Sagiv, S Duvdevani, Y P Talmi, M Wolf, E E Alon
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFR) is crucial for patients prognosis and may reduce the extent of surgical debridement. Initial evaluation usually includes paranasal Computed Tomography (CT), with an emphasis on bony erosion which is considered a specific but insensitive radiologic sign. Most studies made no distinction between Aspergillus and Mucor species while addressing CT findings. In this study, we seek to evaluate whether bony erosion on paranasal CT is a significant and reliable finding in the initial evaluation of invasive paranasal mucormycosis...
October 8, 2017: Rhinology
Jazmín Areli Álvarez Copado, Roberto Zazueta Sandoval, Areli Durón Castellanos, Felipe Padilla-Vaca, Bernardo Franco
Fungi are organisms capable of growing in a myriad of conditions and respond to counteract environmental cues. Several locations in the world are polluted with oil and its derivatives, and some microorganisms tolerant to these compounds have been isolated. Some fungi can grow in the presence of molecules such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as sole carbon sources. In this report, we further characterized the induced enzymes with phenanthrene from Mucor circinelloides YR-1 strain, isolated from a polluted field near a petrochemical facility in México...
October 3, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Yifan Zhong, Xiaoyan Han, Shengbin Li, Hui Qi, Yali Song, Xiaoqiang Qiao
N-Myristoyltransferase (NMT) has been validated pre-clinically as a target for treatment of fungal infections. Various substituted thiochroman-4-one derivatives have been synthesized by an efficient method. The synthesized compounds 7a-y and 8a-t were evaluated for their in vitro antifungal activity against the Canidia albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Epidermophyton floccosum, Mucor racemosus, Microsporum gypseum and Aspergillus nigerstrain. A series of compounds exhibited significant activity (minimal inhibitory concentrotion (MIC)=0...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
M Sankarganesh, P Adwin Jose, J Dhaveethu Raja, M P Kesavan, M Vadivel, J Rajesh, R Jeyamurugan, R Senthil Kumar, S Karthikeyan
In this research work, we have synthesized new pyrimidine based Schiff base ligand, 2-((4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine-2-yl)methyleneenamino)-6-methoxyphenol (DPMM) capped gold (Au) and platinum (Pt) nanoparticles (NPs) by modified Brust-Schiffrin method. The characteristics of DPMM-Au NPs and DPMM-Pt NPs have been examined by UV-Visible, FTIR, SEM, TEM and powder XRD analysis. SEM analysis result shows that surface morphology of the DPMM-Au NPs and DPMM-Pt NPs are in granular and spherical shape, correspondingly...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Alice Romagnolo, Federica Spina, Anna Poli, Sara Risso, Bianca Serito, Michele Crotti, Daniela Monti, Elisabetta Brenna, Luisa Lanfranco, Giovanna Cristina Varese
The reduction of C=C double bond, a key reaction in organic synthesis, is mostly achieved by traditional chemical methods. Therefore, the search for enzymes capable of performing this reaction is rapidly increasing. Old Yellow Enzymes (OYEs) are flavin-dependent oxidoreductases, initially isolated from Saccharomyces pastorianus. In this study, the presence and activation of putative OYE enzymes was investigated in the filamentous fungus Mucor circinelloides, which was previously found to mediate C=C reduction...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nilesh V More, Arun S Kharat
Background: Medicinal plants are widely used to treat infectious diseases, metabolic disorders and cancer. Argemone mexicana L. (A. mexicana), commonly found on desolate land of Marathwada (Maharashtra, India) has been used to treat oral cavity infections. Methods: In this study, cold aqueous and methanolic extracts were prepared from A. mexicana stem and leaves. These extracts were tested for their antifungal and anticancer activities. The antifungal activity was tested using the agar well diffusion method, while the anticancer activity against immortalized cell lines was assessed by trypan blue assay...
November 3, 2016: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Bunlong Yim, Heike Nitt, Andreas Wrede, Samuel Jacquiod, Søren J Sørensen, Traud Winkelmann, Kornelia Smalla
Nurseries producing apple and rose rootstock plants, apple orchards as well as rose production often experience replanting problems after several cultivations at the same site when a chemical soil disinfectant is not applied. The etiology of apple and rose replanting problems is most likely caused by soil-borne pathogen complex, defined as "replant disease (RD)". Symptoms typical of RD are reduced shoot and root growth, a smaller leaf area, a significant decrease in plant biomass, yield and fruit quality and a shorter life span...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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