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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145125/a-closed-loop-strategy-for-endoglucanase-production-using-sugarcane-bagasse-liquefied-by-a-home-made-enzymatic-cocktail
#1
Paula Squinca, Alberto C Badino, Cristiane S Farinas
Use of the same lignocellulosic biomass as feedstock for enzymes and ethanol production has been suggested as a lower cost option in future biorefineries. Here, we propose a closed-loop strategy to produce the cellulolytic enzymes required for biomass hydrolysis using sugarcane bagasse liquefied by a home-made enzymatic cocktail as carbon source and inducer. The fed-batch liquefaction conditions were firstly evaluated using commercial enzymes. Subsequently, the effects of different liquefied materials and solids loadings on endoglucanase production by Aspergillus niger cultivated in submerged fermentation were investigated...
November 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144588/varicuothiols-a-and-b-new-fungal-metabolites-from-aspergillus-versicolor-with-anti-inflammatory-activities
#2
Ran Chen, Dong Liu, Peng Guo, Wenhan Lin
Chemical examination of a coral-associated fungus Aspergillus versicolor LZD-44-03 resulted in the isolation of two new compounds with the trivial names of varicuothiols A (1) and B (2) as a unique scaffold. Their structures were determined through extensive spectroscopic analyses in association with the modified Mosher's method and chemical conversion. Both 1 and 2 exhibited significant inhibition against LPS-induced RAW24.7 cell proliferation, in association with the down regulation of nitrite production and cytokines (MCP-1, IL-6, and TNF-α)...
November 16, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144537/thermotolerant-mycobiota-of-israeli-soils
#3
Isabella Grishkan
Composition of thermotolerant mycobiota in the soil of Israeli deserts and northern territories was examined in spatiotemporal dynamics. A total of 165 species from 82 genera were isolated at 37 °C using the soil dilution plate method. Aspergilli (Aspergillus fumigatus and A. niger) and teleomorphic ascomycetes (Canariomyces notabilis, Chaetomium nigricolor, and Ch. strumarium) comprised the basic part of the thermotolerant communities. The desert communities remarkably differed from the northern communities by a much higher abundance of A...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142800/rapid-fulminant-case-of-aspergillus-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#4
Christian Ortega-Loubon, Manuel Fernández-Molina, Javier Tobar-Ruiz, Nuria Arce-Ramos, Enrique Fulquet-Carreras
A 74-year-old male presented to the emergency department 46 days after undergoing an aortic valve replacement. He presented with nonspecific symptoms developed over the previous 15 days, with a new onset of a systolic panfocal murmur. Echocardiography revealed a great vegetation measuring 15 mm by 23 mm causing a severe obstruction of the bioprosthesis. The patient underwent an emergency surgical procedure due to his hemodynamic unsteadiness. During the procedure, we noted an obstruction of the left ventricle outflow tract with pseudoaneurysm of the aortomitral continuity...
September 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142411/the-effect-of-polyherbal-medicines-used-for-the-treatment-of-tuberculosis-on-other-opportunistic-organisms-of-humans-infected-with-tuberculosis
#5
Elizabeth Bosede Famewo, Anna Maria Clarke, Anthony Jide Afolayan
Background: In many immunocompromised patients, opportunistic bacterial and fungal infections are common. Polyherbal medicines examined in this study are used by the indigenous people of South Africa for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) and other opportunistic infections associated with TB. Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal activity of nine polyherbal remedies against four Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria respectively and three fungi...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142397/chemical-composition-antimicrobial-and-antitumor-potentiality-of-essential-oil-of-ferula-tingitana-l-apiaceae-grow-in-libya
#6
Waleed Elghwaji, Abeer Mohamed El-Sayed, Kadriya S El-Deeb, Aly M ElSayed
Background: Ferula tingitana L. (Apiaceae) has been considered to have abortive and menstruation-inducing properties. It used to treat sore throat, fever, indigestion, and pains. Objectives: The objective of this study is to establish the chemical composition of the essential oil of flower, leaves of F. tingitana, and to throw light on antimicrobial, cytotoxic activities of Libyan plant. Materials and Methods: The chemical composition of the essential oil of flower (0...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141316/-a-clinical-analysis-of-micafungin-treatment-of-pulmonary-invasive-fungal-infection-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-leukemia-or-post-hematopoietic-stem-cells-transplantation
#7
K Huang, K Y Qiu, L L Deng, J P Fang, Y Li, H X Guo, D H Zhou
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of micafungin (MCF) for pulmonary invasive fungal disease (PIFD) in pediatric patients with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation. Method: Twenty-five neutropenic PIFD children with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were selected from January 2012 to June 2015, including 12 males and 13 females, age range 2-15 (average 6.2±2.0) years. There were 12 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after chemotherapy, 4 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and 9 cases of β-thalassemia major after allo-HSCT...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141132/intra-species-volatile-interactions-affects-growth-rates-and-exometabolomes-in-aspergillus-oryzae-kccm-60345
#8
Digar Singh, Choong Hwan Lee
The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are increasingly been recognized as the chemical mediators of mold interactions shaping their community dynamic, growth, and metabolism. Herein, we selectively examined the time-correlated (0 D - 11 D) effects of intra-species VOCs mediated interactions (VMI) on Aspergillus oryzae KCCM 60345 (S1), following co-cultivation with partner strain A. oryzae KACC 44967 (S2), in specially designed twin plate assembly. The comparative evaluation of S1VMI (S1 subjected to VMI with S2) and its control (S1con) showed a notable disparity in their radial growth (S1VMI<S1con) at 5 D, protease activity (S1VMI>S1con) at 3-5 D, amylase activity (S1VMI<S1con) at 3-5 D, and antioxidant levels (S1VMI>S1con) at 3 D...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139139/epiphytic-fungal-community-in-vitis-vinifera-of-the-portuguese-wine-regions
#9
M Oliveira, M Arenas, O Lage, M Cunha, M I Amorim
In the present work, fungi present in the grapevine's phyllosphere collected from the main demarcated wine regions of Portugal were identified, and their phylogenetic relationships was analyzed. A total of 46 vine samples (leaves and berries) were collected from different parts of the country, being isolated a total of 117 fungal colonies that were identified to the genus level and sequenced in the following genetic regions: internal transcribed spacer region and 18S rRNA and β-tubulin gene. Next, a phylogenetic tree reconstruction for each genetic region was built...
November 14, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138995/optimization-of-chromium-and-tannic-acid-bioremediation-by-aspergillus-niveus-using-plackett-burman-design-and-response-surface-methodology
#10
Prachi Chaudhary, Vinod Chhokar, Pragati Choudhary, Anil Kumar, Vikas Beniwal
A chromium and tannic acid resistance fungal strain was isolated from tannery effluent, and identified as Aspergillus niveus MCC 1318 based on its rDNA gene sequence. The MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) of the isolate against chromium and tannic acid was found to be 200 ppm and 5% respectively. Optimization of physiochemical parameters for biosorption of chromium and tannic acid degradation was carried out by Plackett-Burman design followed by response surface methodology (RSM). The maximum chromium removal and tannic acid degradation was found to be 92 and 68% respectively by A...
November 14, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138944/design-synthesis-conformational-and-molecular-docking-study-of-some-novel-acyl-hydrazone-based-molecular-hybrids-as-antimalarial-and-antimicrobial-agents
#11
Parvin Kumar, Kulbir Kadyan, Meenakshi Duhan, Jayant Sindhu, Vineeta Singh, Baljeet Singh Saharan
BACKGROUND: Acyl hydrazones are an important class of heterocyclic compounds promising pharmacological characteristics. Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by a plasmodium parasite. In some places, malaria can be treated and controlled with early diagnosis. However, some countries lack the resources to do this effectively. RESULTS: The present work involves the design and synthesis of some novel acyl hydrazone based molecular hybrids of 1,4-dihydropyridine and pyrazole (5a-g)...
November 14, 2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138628/biocontrol-activity-of-volatile-producing-bacillus-megaterium-and-pseudomonas-protegens-against-aspergillus-flavus-and-aflatoxin-production-on-stored-rice-grains
#12
Mohamed Mannaa, Ji Yeon Oh, Ki Deok Kim
In our previous study, three bacterial strains, Bacillus megaterium KU143, Microbacterium testaceum KU313, and Pseudomonas protegens AS15, were selected as effective biocontrol agents against Aspergillus flavus on stored rice grains. In this study, we evaluated the inhibitory effects of the volatiles produced by the strains on A. flavus growth and aflatoxin production on stored rice grains. The three strains significantly reduced mycelial growth of A. flavus in dual-culture assays compared with the negative control strain, Sphingomonas aquatilis KU408, and an untreated control...
September 2017: Mycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138030/aspergillus-candidus-is-a-newly-recognized-source-of-sphaeropsidin-a-isolation-semi-synthetic-derivatization-and-anticancer-evaluation
#13
Yan Li, Robert Scott, Annie R Hooper, Geoffrey A Bartholomeusz, Alexander Kornienko, Gerald F Bills
This report details a search for alternative strains that produce the diterpenoid sphaeropsidin A (SphA) among A. candidus strains from the USDA Northern Regional Research Laboratories Culture Collection. We identified two strains that produced SphA using a limited set of test media. An initial scaled-up fermentation of NRRL 313 and isolation effort led to the procurement of sufficient quantities of SphA to prepare five semi-synthetic analogues (1-5) and evaluate their anticancer effects against glioblastoma cells D423 and Gli56 grown in 2D and 3D cultures...
November 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136640/long-term-outcomes-of-the-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-after-kidney-transplantation-treated-with-eculizumab-as-first-choice
#14
Luis Gustavo Modelli de Andrade, Mariana Moraes Contti, Hong Si Nga, Ariane Moyses Bravin, Henrique Mochida Takase, Rosa Marlene Viero, Trycia Nunes da Silva, Kelem De Nardi Chagas, Lilian Monteiro Pereira Palma
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of choice for Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS) is the monoclonal antibody eculizumab. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of eculizumab in a cohort of kidney transplant patients suffering from aHUS. METHODS: Description of the prospective cohort of all the patients primarily treated with eculizumab after transplantation and divided into the therapeutic (onset of aHUS after transplantation) and prophylactic use (patients with previous diagnosis of aHUS undergoing kidney transplantation)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136413/first-metagenomic-survey-of-the-microbial-diversity-in-bioaerosols-emitted-in-waste-sorting-plants
#15
Jodelle Degois, Frederic Clerc, Xavier Simon, Cyril Bontemps, Pierre Leblond, Philippe Duquenne
Waste sorting activities are source of occupational bioaerosol exposures that are associated with several health disorders. New analytical tools, based on next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, provide powerful methods to assess the microbial composition of bioaerosols. The objectives of the study were (i) to assess the feasibility and the repeatability of NGS-based biodiversity measurements and (ii) to study the microbial biodiversity using NGS in bioaerosols emitted in a waste sorting plant (WSP)...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135917/asperlin-inhibits-lps-evoked-foam-cell-formation-and-prevents-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-mice
#16
Yue Zhou, Ran Chen, Dong Liu, Chongming Wu, Peng Guo, Wenhan Lin
Asperlin is a marine-derived natural product with antifungal and anti-inflammatory activities in vitro. In the present study, we isolated asperlin from a marine Aspergillus versicolor LZD4403 fungus and investigated its anti-atherosclerotic effects in vitro and in vivo. Asperlin significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharides (LPS)- but not oxidated low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-evoked foam cell formation and promoted cholesterol efflux in RAW264.7 macrophages. Supplementation with asperlin also suppressed LPS-elicited production of pro-inflammatory factors in RAW264...
November 14, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135022/a-fast-and-simple-method-to-estimate-relative-hyphal-tensile-strength-of-filamentous-fungi-used-to-assess-the-effect-of-autophagy
#17
Daniela Quintanilla, Cynthia Chelius, Sirasa Iambamrung, Sidney Nelson, Donnel Thomas, Krist V Gernaey, Mark R Marten
Fungal hyphal strength is an important phenotype which can have a profound impact on bioprocess behavior. Until now, there is not an efficient method which allows its characterization. Currently available methods are very time consuming; thus, compromising their applicability in strain selection and process development. To overcome this issue, a method for fast and easy, statistically-verified quantification of relative hyphal tensile strength was developed. It involves off-line fragmentation in a high shear mixer followed by quantification of fragment size using laser diffraction...
November 14, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134389/exploration-antifungal-and-antiaflatoxigenic-activity-of-halophilic-bacteria-communities-from-saline-soils-of-howze-soltan-playa-in-iran
#18
Samaneh Jafari, Seyed-Soheil Aghaei, Hossein Afifi-Sabet, Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi, Zahra Jahanshiri, Mohammadhassan Gholami-Shabani, Seyedahmad Shafiei-Darabi, Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh
In the present study, halophilic bacteria communities were explored in saline soils of Howze-Soltan playa in Iran with special attention to their biological activity against an aflatoxigenic Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999. Halophilic bacteria were isolated from a total of 20 saline soils using specific culture media and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing in neighbor-joining tree analysis. Antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic activities of the bacteria were screened by a nor-mutant A. parasiticus NRRL 2999 using visual agar plate assay and confirmed by high-performance liquid chromatography...
November 13, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134160/optimized-production-and-isolation-of-antibacterial-agent-from-marine-aspergillus-flavipes-against-vibrio-harveyi
#19
Lei Guo, Cong Wang
Statistical methodologies, including Plackett-Burman design and Box-Behnken design, were employed to optimize the fermentation conditions for the production of active substances against aquatic pathogen Vibrio harveyi by marine-derived Aspergillus flavipes strain HN4-13. The optimal crucial fermentation values for maximum production of active substances against V. harveyi were obtained as follows: X1 (peptone) = 0.3%, X2 (KCl) = 0.25%, and X3 (inoculum size) = 4.5%. The predicted diameter of inhibitory zone against V...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134075/antifungal-activity-of-water-stable-copper-containing-metal-organic-frameworks
#20
Supaporn Bouson, Atiweena Krittayavathananon, Nutthaphon Phattharasupakun, Patcharaporn Siwayaprahm, Montree Sawangphruk
Although metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) or porous coordination polymers have been widely studied, their antimicrobial activities have not yet been fully investigated. In this work, antifungal activity of copper-based benzene-tricarboxylate MOF (Cu-BTC MOF), which is water stable and industrially interesting, is investigated against Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae and Fusarium oxysporum. The Cu-BTC MOF can effectively inhibit the growth rate of C. albicans and remarkably inhibit the spore growth of A...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
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