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Effacing genes conserved fragment

Andrea Hodgson, Eric M Wier, Kai Fu, Xin Sun, Hongbing Yu, Wenxin Zheng, Ho Pan Sham, Kaitlin Johnson, Scott Bailey, Bruce A Vallance, Fengyi Wan
Attaching/Effacing (A/E) pathogens including enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) and the rodent equivalent Citrobacter rodentium are important causative agents of foodborne diseases. Upon infection, a myriad of virulence proteins (effectors) encoded by A/E pathogens are injected through their conserved type III secretion systems (T3SS) into host cells where they interfere with cell signaling cascades, in particular the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) signaling pathway that orchestrates both innate and adaptive immune responses for host defense...
March 2015: PLoS Pathogens
Jang W Yoon, Ji Youn Lim, Yong H Park, Carolyn J Hovde
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an important food-borne pathogen that causes hemorrhagic colitis and the hemolytic-uremic syndrome in humans. Recently, we reported that the pO157 ecf (E. coli attaching and effacing gene-positive conserved fragments) operon is thermoregulated by an intrinsically curved DNA and contains the genes for bacterial surface-associated proteins, including a second copy of lipid A myristoyl transferase, whose chromosomal copy is the lpxM gene product. E. coli O157:H7 survives and persists well in diverse environments from the human and bovine gastrointestinal tracts (GIT) to nutrient-dilute farm water troughs...
April 2005: Infection and Immunity
Jang W Yoon, Scott A Minnich, Jong S Ahn, Yong H Park, Andrzej Paszczynski, Carolyn J Hovde
Escherichia coli O157:H7 survives in diverse environments from the ruminant gastrointestinal tract to cool nutrient-dilute water. We hypothesized that the gene regulation required for this flexibility includes intrinsically curved DNA that responds to environmental changes. Three intrinsically curved DNAs were cloned from the E. coli O157:H7 virulence plasmid (pO157), sequenced and designated Bent 1 through Bent 3 (BNT1, BNT2 and BNT3). Compared to BNT1 and BNT3, BNT2 had characteristics typical of intrinsically curved DNA including electrophoretic gel retardation at 4 degrees C, six partially phased adenine:thymine tracts and transcriptional activation...
January 2004: Molecular Microbiology
Leonid Rumer, Joerg Jores, Petra Kirsch, Yolaine Cavignac, Karen Zehmke, Lothar H Wieler
We have recently shown that the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) of the bovine enterohemorrhagic E. coli RW1374 (O103:H2) resides within a large pathogenicity island (PAI), integrated in the vicinity of the phenylalanine tRNA gene pheV. Here we describe an additional, but LEE-negative genomic island in RW1374 in the vicinity of another phenylalanine tRNA gene, pheU, the sequence of which is identical to pheV. These two genomic islands revealed identity of the left, but a relative variability of their right end sequences...
February 2003: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
H An, J M Fairbrother, C Désautels, T Mabrouk, D Dugourd, H Dezfulian, J Harel
In the present study, attaching and effacing Escherichia coli (AEEC) O45 isolates from post-weaning pigs with diarrhoea were examined for the presence of the LEE (locus of enterocyte effacement) using various DNA probes derived from the LEE of human enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) strain E2348/69. The LEE fragment was conserved among the eae -positive pig isolates. The attaching and effacing activity of PEPEC (pig EPEC) O45 isolates is highly correlated with the presence of the LEE. Nevertheless, for some PEPEC isolates, the insertion site of the LEE is different or has diverged during evolution...
May 2000: Microbial Pathogenesis
P Boerlin, S Chen, J K Colbourne, R Johnson, S De Grandis, C Gyles
This study assessed the diversity of the enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) hemolysin gene (ehxA) in a variety of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) serotypes and the relationship between ehxA types and virulence markers on the locus for enterocyte effacement (LEE). Restriction fragment length polymorphism of the ehxA gene and flanking sequences and of the E. coli attaching and effacing (eae) gene was determined for 79 EHEC hemolysin-positive STEC isolates of 37 serotypes. Two main groups of EHEC hemolysin sequences and associated plasmids, which corresponded to the eae-positive and the eae-negative isolates, were delineated...
June 1998: Infection and Immunity
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