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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441636/psychological-features-and-quality-of-life-in-50-adult-patients-with-epilepsy-and-their-caregivers-from-the-lecco-epilepsy-center-italy
#1
Alessandra Petruzzi, Andrea Rigamonti, Claudia Yvonne Finocchiaro, Paolo Borelli, Elena Lamperti, Antonio Silvani, Rossana Regazzoni, Lorenzo Stanzani, Andrea Salmaggi
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. To the best of our knowledge, in Italy, the relationship between patients' and caregivers' psychological state has rarely been analyzed. Thus, we sought to evaluate both the psychological state of patients with epilepsy and that of their caregivers and the interrelationship between them. We also assessed the existing relation between psychological features and some clinical and demographic information, such as number of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), epilepsy duration and education level of patients and their caregivers...
April 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441333/how-are-service-dogs-for-adults-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-integrated-with-rehabilitation-in-denmark-a-case-study
#2
Chalotte Glintborg, Tia G B Hansen
A severe mental illness like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is known to have psychosocial consequences that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Research in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) has revealed that the presence of a dog can have a positive effect on health, e.g., increase quality of life and lessen depression and anxiety. However, canine companionship is not a catch-all solution. Previous research has revealed methodological limitations that prohibit any clear conclusions, as well as a sparsity of critical reflection in anecdotal reports and case studies, which means that more research is needed to contextualize the findings...
April 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441324/designing-fit-for-purpose-health-and-social-services-for-ageing-populations
#3
Jean Woo
Population ageing is occurring in all countries, regardless of the level of economic development. While the rising burden of chronic diseases and disabilities as a consequence of this demographic transition is well recognized, the increasing prevalence of geriatric syndromes as a public health issue is not as well recognized. Recently the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report emphasized functional ability as an important outcome for aging populations, highlighting the concept of raising intrinsic capacity throughout the life course...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#4
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440958/readiness-for-hospital-discharge-a-concept-analysis
#5
Eileen Catherine Galvin, Teresa Wills, Alice Coffey
AIM: To report on an analysis on the concept of 'readiness for hospital discharge'. BACKGROUND: No uniform operational definition of 'readiness for hospital discharge' exists in the literature, therefore a concept analysis is required to clarify the concept and identify an up to date understanding of readiness for hospital discharge. Clarity of the concept will identify all uses of the concept; provide conceptual clarity, an operational definition and direction for further research...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440111/quality-of-life-outcomes-in-a-pediatric-thalassemia-population-in-egypt
#6
Soheir Adam, Hanan Afifi, Manal Thomas, Phoebe Magdy, Ghada El-Kamah
Thalassemia is a disorder of hemoglobin (Hb) synthesis characterized by chronic hemolysis. In β-thalassemias major (β-TM), patients require regular transfusion at an early age due to severe anemia. Subsequently, intensive chelation therapy is initiated to mitigate the effects of the resultant iron overload. Clinical disease burden and the demanding treatment can affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in this population. The aim of this study was to assess HRQoL outcomes in Egyptian pediatric thalassemia patients...
April 25, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439756/psychological-distress-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-vietnamese-mountainous-areas
#7
Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Canh Dinh Hoang, Hai Quan Le, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Thuc Minh Thi Vu
We conducted a cross-sectional study in Tuyen Quang Province, a mountainous province in northern Vietnam, to examine rates of psychological distress among 241 patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Using the Kessler psychological distress Scale, we found that approximately one-fourth (26.8%) of respondents suffered from mental health pathologies. Physical health problems, current drug use, and alcohol abuse were found to be associated with mental health problems among the participants. Our findings highlight the high prevalence of psychological distress among MMT patients in northern Vietnam, and the need to integrate mental and physical health care services, as well as behavioral health counseling, into currently existing MMT clinics in this region...
April 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439245/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-langer-mindfulness-scale
#8
Fatemeh Moafian, Francesco Pagnini, Hooshang Khoshsima
This study validates the Persian version of the Langer Mindfulness Scale (LMS). The original scale consists of 21 items and 4 subscales; namely, novelty producing, novelty seeking, engagement, and flexibility. In this study, four samples including 2271 individuals in total participated. Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to test the factorial structure of the Persian version. The results verified a two-factor structure including novelty producing and novelty seeking for the scale and the two subscales of engagement and flexibility were omitted due to marginal fit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439055/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-bone-metabolism-and-estrogen-androgen-balance-in-women
#9
Toshiyuki Yasui, Miwa Fukuoka
Androgen as well as estrogen has physical, psychological and sexual roles in women. The action of androgen on bone health in women is important. The androgen receptor is expressed in osteoblasts and osteocytes but the mechanism has not been clarified in women. It has been reported that endogenous testosterone level was positively correlated with bone mineral density and higher testosterone level might be associated with decrease in bone fractures. Also, it has been reported that bone mineral density in women who received testosterone with estrogen was higher than that in women who received estrogen alone...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438583/psychometric-assessment-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-abbreviated-expanded-prostate-cancer-index-composite-epic-26-and-the-clinical-practice-version-epic-cp-in-chinese-men-with-prostate-cancer
#10
Wendy Wt Lam, Michael A Tse, Chris Nl Ng, Edward Km Chung, Richard Fielding
PURPOSE: The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) instrument was designed to assess a range of health-related quality of life issues specifically relevant to patients with prostate cancer. This study examined the validity and reliability of Chinese versions of the 26-item EPIC and of the 16-item EPIC for clinical practice (EPIC-CP) in Chinese patients with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Chinese version of the 26-item EPIC and the 16-item EPIC-CP were self-completed by 252 Chinese patients with prostate cancer who were recruited from three community-based cancer service centres...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438496/from-the-implementing-best-practice-guidelines-in-pain-assessment-and-management-on-a-women-s-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-exploring-patients-perceptions
#11
Cheryl Rolin-Gilman, Bonnie Fournier, Kristin Cleverley
Assessing and managing chronic pain in women with histories of interpersonal trauma, mood disorders and co-morbid addiction is complex. The aim of this paper is to report on the findings from a quality improvement project exploring women's experiences who have co-occurring mental health issues, addiction and chronic pain. Exploring perceptions was an initial step in implementing the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO) Best Practice Guideline (BPG) on the Assessment and Management of Pain. Focus group discussions were conducted using an exploratory design with 10 women who were hospitalized in an acute psychiatric unit...
April 21, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438276/integrating-yoga-into-psychotherapy-the-ethics-of-moving-from-the-mind-to-the-mat
#12
Jaclyn M Kamradt
Given the rise in attention to client preferences in medical treatment and the shift in focus toward health promotion, it is not surprising that the use of complementary health approaches have increased in the past several years. Yoga is among the most prominent complementary health approaches. Recently, both qualitative and quantitative work has emerged supporting its use for a variety of medical and psychological disorders. However, there is a critical gap in knowledge regarding how to most optimally and ethically integrate complementary therapies (i...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438236/personal-and-macro-systemic-factors-as-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-chronic-schizophrenia
#13
Yolanda Fontanil-Gómez, María A Alcedo Rodríguez, María I Gutiérrez López
BACKGROUND: The goal of this research was to establish possible predictive factors for both subjective and externally assessed quality of life in people with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: Sixty-eight people with schizophrenia took part in the study and were assessed using the World Health Organisation Quality of Life Assessment - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), the Quality of Life Scale (QLS), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), the Social Functioning Scale (SFS) tests...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438030/non-specialist-psychosocial-support-interventions-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#14
Laura K Beres, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Jennifer Robinson, Alice Welbourn, Caitlin E Kennedy
Many women living with HIV experience a range of physical, social, and psychological challenges linked to their HIV status. Psychosocial support interventions may help women cope with these challenges and may allow women to make better decisions around their sexual and reproductive health (SRH), yet no reviews have summarized the evidence for the impact of such interventions on well-being and SRH decision-making among women living with HIV. We systematically reviewed the evidence for non-specialist delivered psychosocial support interventions for women living with HIV, which are particularly relevant in low-resource settings...
April 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437681/predicting-wellbeing-among-people-with-epilepsy-using-illness-cognitions
#15
Kirstie A Salter, Kirsty N Prior, Malcolm J Bond
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the synergistic contribution of illness-related perceptions (stigma, severity, and threat) and illness behavior to wellbeing among people with epilepsy. Poorer wellbeing was expected among those who perceived greater stigma, illness severity, and threat and had more extreme illness behavior. METHODS: Individuals with a diagnosis of epilepsy (N=210), recruited through local and online support groups, completed a questionnaire comprising demographic and epilepsy-specific information, and validated measures of illness perceptions and behavior, epilepsy-related quality of life, and general psychological health...
April 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437171/psychological-benefits-of-yoga-for-female-inmates
#16
Yoika Danielly, Colin Silverthorne
Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma-focused yoga program. To create control and experimental groups, inmates who requested to participate were randomly assigned to be in the class (Treatment Group, n = 33) or a waitlist (Control Group, n = 17). Inmates on the waitlist subsequently joined the next class, so all who applied and were eligible participated in a yoga class...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437149/the-effects-of-yoga-on-positive-mental-health-among-healthy-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Tom Hendriks, Joop de Jong, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present an overview of the research on the effects of yoga on positive mental health (PMH) among non-clinical adult populations. METHODS: This was a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, including a risk of bias assessment. The electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Scopus, IndMED, and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1975 to 2015. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions on PMH among a healthy adult population were selected...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437147/comparison-of-two-types-of-meditation-on-patients-psychosocial-responses-during-radiation-therapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#18
Gisela Boxleitner, Shelley Jolie, Dana Shaffer, Nicholas Pasacreta, Mei Bai, Ruth McCorkle
OBJECTIVES: Radiation treatment for head and neck cancer introduces adaptive demands and subjects patients to significant and unique psychosocial challenges. There is growing evidence that meditation is useful in lessening anxiety and depression in cancer patients. This study compared the effects of two types of meditation training on the psychological responses of patients with head and neck cancer during radiation therapy. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale New Haven...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#19
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436547/are-type-d-personality-and-depression-predictors-of-anxiety-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-icd-patients
#20
EDITORIAL
Jessica Ford
The literature surrounding posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) and anxiety among patients living with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) is becoming increasingly sophisticated with evidence linking traumatic stress and anxiety to cardiovascular outcomes, examinations of psychosocial treatment of PSS and anxiety, and predictive modeling all contributing to a more nuanced understanding of the predictors, course, and treatment of PSS and anxiety among ICD patients. In this issue of PACE, Habibovic, Denollet, and Pedersen report secondary analyses from the WEBCARE trial data in which the author employed Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to identify trajectories of trauma and anxiety symptoms among patients implanted with ICDs across the 12-month post-implant period and examined associations between the identified trajectories and demographic, clinical, and psychological characteristics of the participants...
April 24, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
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