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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#2
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107523/look-into-the-hiv-epidemic-of-gay-community-with-a-socio-cultural-perspective-a-qualitative-study-in-china-2015-2016
#3
Huijing He, Fan Lv, Nanci Nanyi Zhang, Zunyou Wu, Qinghua Liao, Zhanjun Chang, Yi Li, Huifang Xu, Lin OuYang, Xiping Huan, Juan Yang
BACKGROUND: Current Chinese studies continue to view male homosexuality through a disease focused lens which pays limited attention to socio-cultural aspects of sexual behavior and HIV transmission. This qualitative study aimed to investigate how socio-cultural factors influence gay men's sexual beliefs and behaviors in contemporary China, and their implications for HIV epidemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative methodology was used in this study. During 2015-2016, in-depth interviews were conducted with 61 self identified gay men in Jiangxi, Henan, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu provinces and Chongqing municipality of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107428/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-support-on-violence-against-pregnant-women-a-structural-equation-modeling-analysis
#4
Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri
Few studies have used structural equation modeling to analyze the effects of variables on violence against women. The present study analyzed the effects of socioeconomic status and social support on violence against pregnant women who used prenatal services. This was a cross-sectional study based on data from the Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort studies (BRISA). The sample of the municipality of São Luís (Maranhão/Brazil) consisted of 1,446 pregnant women interviewed in 2010 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107328/behavioral-and-neurologic-assessment-using-the-national-institutes-of-health-toolbox%C3%A2
#5
Laura McLaughlin, Suzanne M Mahon
Cognition, psychological well-being, stress, functional status, and pain are all priority outcomes of interest to oncology nurses. However, it can be challenging to choose an instrument for clinical assessment or for use in research projects that assess these constructs. The National Institutes of Health Toolbox for Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function was created for measuring emotional health and cognitive, motor, and sensory function. The toolbox can be a potentially useful resource for clinicians and nurse researchers...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107159/caring-for-the-trafficked-patient-ethical-challenges-and-recommendations-for-health-care-professionals
#6
Wendy L Macias-Konstantopoulos
Human trafficking is an egregious human rights violation with profound negative physical and psychological consequences, including communicable diseases, substance use disorders, and mental illnesses. The health needs of this population are multiple, complex, and influenced by past and present experiences of abuse, neglect, and exploitation. Effective health care services for trafficked patients require clinicians to consider individual patients' needs, wishes, goals, priorities, risks, and vulnerabilities as well as public health implications and even resource allocation...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107155/ethical-considerations-in-mandatory-disclosure-of-data-acquired-while-caring-for-human-trafficking-survivors
#7
Patrick L Kerr, Rachel Dash
Accurate data on the prevalence and psychological effects of human trafficking as well as treatment outcomes for survivors are essential for measuring the impact of interventions and generating better understanding of this phenomenon. However, such data are difficult to obtain. A legal mandate for health care professionals to report trafficking opens opportunities for advancing our work in the field of human trafficking but also poses risks to survivors seeking services. In this article, we provide an analysis of some critical ethical considerations for the development and implementation of a mandatory reporting policy and offer recommendations for the ethical implementation of such a policy...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105880/nursing-home-care-quality-a-cluster-analysis
#8
Vigdis Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Liv Berit Fagerli
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore potential differences in how nursing home residents rate care quality and to explore cluster characteristics. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional design was used, with one questionnaire including questions from quality from patients' perspective and Big Five personality traits, together with questions related to socio-demographic aspects and health condition. Residents ( n=103) from four Norwegian nursing homes participated (74.1 per cent response rate)...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105778/psychosocial-screening-and-management-of-young-people-aged-18-25-years-with-diabetes
#9
Helen d'Emden, Brett McDermott, Neisha D'Silva, Tom Dover, Tatjana Ewais, Kristen Gibbons, Trisha O'Moore-Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Routine psychosocial screening and management of people with diabetes is recommended. AIMS: To profile demographic, medical and psychosocial characteristics of young people with diabetes, and to develop a screening tool and care pathway for routine use. METHODS: Indices of diabetes control and recorded diabetes complications were complimented by psychosocial screening tools assessing psychological, diabetes specific, and perceived stress (K10, PAID, PSS), well-being (WHO-5), disordered eating ((EDI-3RC), compensatory behaviour questionnaire, social support (MSPSS), resilience (CD-2) and financial concerns...
January 20, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#10
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105740/psychosocial-distress-in-haematological-cancer-survivors-an-integrative-review
#11
REVIEW
D Raphael, R Frey, M Gott
Haematological cancers are becoming more prevalent, however, survival is also increasing. Many survivors are faced with psychosocial issues after treatment ends, and they may not receive the support they need. This review aims to examine peer reviewed literature reporting psychosocial distress faced by haematological cancer survivors in the early post-treatment period. Database and hand searches were conducted between August and September 2015, with no year restriction. Eligible studies were those reporting on psychosocial sequelae in haematological cancer survivors up to 5 years post-treatment...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104988/health-related-quality-of-life-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-patients-with-noncardiac-chest-pain-emphasis-on-the-role-of-psychological-distress
#12
Lei Zhang, Lei Tu, Jie Chen, Jun Song, Tao Bai, Xue-Lian Xiang, Rui-Yun Wang, Xiao-Hua Hou
AIM: To investigate the effects of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (QoL) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients and those suffering from cardiac (CCP) and noncardiac (NCCP) chest pain in Wuhan, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 358 consecutive patients with GERD were enrolled in Wuhan, China, of which 176 subjects had complaints of chest pain. Those with chest pain underwent coronary angiography and were divided into a CCP group (52 cases) and NCCP group (124 cases)...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104987/estimation-of-quality-of-life-in-cypriot-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Maria Tsoukka, Eleni Jelastopulu, Giagkos Lavranos, George Charalambous
AIM: To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients suffering with idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: The Greek validated version of the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire was used for evaluating the quality of life of IBD patients. The questionnaire was distributed to 100 consecutive patients suffering from IBD and presenting for a clinic appointment at the endoscopy unit of Larnaca General Hospital during the period from October to November 2012...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104602/happiness-rather-than-depression-is-associated-with-sexual-behaviour-in-partnered-older-adults
#14
Rosanne Freak-Poli, Gustavo De Castro Lima, Nese Direk, Loes Jaspers, Marian Pitts, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: the relation between positive psychological well-being (PPWB) and sexual behaviour is understudied in older adult groups. OBJECTIVE: to examine the relation between PPWB (positive affect and life satisfaction) and sexual behaviour (sexual activity and physical tenderness) in older adults, and whether it is independent from depressive symptoms and uniform across older age groups. DESIGN: cross-sectional. SETTING: community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older, Rotterdam, The Netherlands...
October 25, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#15
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104250/impact-of-daclizumab-versus-interferon-beta-1a-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Ying Liu, Timothy Vollmer, Eva Havrdova, Katherine Riester, Andrew Lee, Glenn Phillips, Ping Wang, Guido Sabatella
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide information on treatment effects from the patient's perspective that complement outcomes on clinical measures. In DECIDE, daclizumab demonstrated superior efficacy in reducing relapses, 24-week confirmed disability progression, and brain lesions (assessed by magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) versus intramuscular interferon beta-1a in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of daclizumab versus interferon beta-1a on PROs in DECIDE...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104184/elder-abuse-prevalence-in-community-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Yongjie Yon, Christopher R Mikton, Zachary D Gassoumis, Kathleen H Wilber
BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is recognised worldwide as a serious problem, yet quantitative syntheses of prevalence studies are rare. We aimed to quantify and understand prevalence variation at the global and regional levels. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched 14 databases, including PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE, using a comprehensive search strategy to identify elder abuse prevalence studies in the community published from inception to June 26, 2015...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104055/mental-health-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-suicidal-patients-in-psychiatric-wards-an-emotional-endeavor
#18
Julia Hagen, Birthe Loa Knizek, Heidi Hjelmeland
The purpose of the study is to investigate mental health nurses' experiences of recognizing and responding to suicidal behavior/self-harm and dealing with the emotional challenges in the care of potentially suicidal inpatients. Interview data of eight mental health nurses were analyzed by systematic text condensation. The participants reported alertness to patients' suicidal cues, relieving psychological pain and inspiring hope. Various emotions are evoked by suicidal behavior. Mental health nurses seem to regulate their emotions and emotional expressions, and balance involvement and distance to provide good care of patients and themselves...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103881/influence-of-social-support-and-rearing-behavior-on-psychosocial-health-in-left-behind-children
#19
Haiyan Xing, Wei Yu, Fengjiao Xu, Sanmei Chen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine psychological health of left-behind children (LBC), social support and rearing behavior towards LBC as well as their correlations in the city of Shaoxing, China. METHODS: By stratified sampling, 401 LBC and 527 non-left-behind children (NLBC) had completed the questionnaires in 2014. Spearman's correlation was performed to clarify the relationship between psychological health, social support and rearing behavior in LBC...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103816/use-of-a-self-rating-scale-to-monitor-depression-severity-in-recurrent-gp-consultations-in-primary-care-does-it-really-make-a-difference-a-randomised-controlled-study
#20
C Wikberg, J Westman, E-L Petersson, M E H Larsson, M André, R Eggertsen, J Thorn, H Ågren, C Björkelund
BACKGROUND: Little information is available about whether the use of self-assessment instruments in primary care affects depression course and outcome. The purpose was to evaluate whether using a depression self-rating scale in recurrent person-centred GP consultations affected depression severity, quality of life, medication use, and sick leave frequency. METHODS: Patients in the intervention group met their GP regularly at least 4 times during the 3 months intervention...
January 19, 2017: BMC Family Practice
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