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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793192/how-did-older-adults-respond-to-challenges-after-an-earthquake-results-from-a-qualitative-study-in-iran
#1
Shokoufeh Ahmadi, Hamidreza Khankeh, Robab Sahaf, Asghar Dalvandi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Fardin Alipour
OBJECTIVES: In many areas, natural disasters are a major challenge for life and property of people. Earthquake is one of the most devastating natural disasters. This study aimed to explore how older adults responded to challenges after the earthquake in Iran. METHODS: This study was based on qualitative analysis. Data were collected through in-depth and semi-structured interviews. 29 participants including 18 older adult survivors of the earthquake-stricken areas, four lay caregivers, and three health professionals in disasters, one social worker, two relief worker and one disaster psychologist were interviewed...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792997/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-and-sciatica-an-umbrella-review
#2
REVIEW
P Parreira, C Maher, D Steffens, M Hancock, M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a highly prevalent condition and it is associated with significant disability and work absenteeism worldwide. A variety of environmental and individual characteristics have been reported to increase the risk of low back pain (LBP). To our knowledge, there has been no previous attempt to summarise the evidence from existing systematic reviews of risk factors for LBP and/or sciatica PURPOSE: to provide an overview of risk factors for LBP, we completed an umbrella review of the evidence from existing systematic reviews...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792749/engagement-with-a-text-messaging-intervention-improves-adherence-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-brief-report
#3
Shuodan Zhang, Emily Hamburger, Sachini Kahanda, Morgan Lyttle, Rodayne Williams, Sarah S Jaser
Adherence to diabetes management is a challenge for adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Positive psychology interventions have improved adherence to treatment recommendations in adults with chronic health conditions but have not been widely tested in pediatric populations. We hypothesized that higher engagement with a text-messaging intervention to promote positive affect would increase the effects on diabetes management among adolescents with T1D. Adolescents with T1D (n = 48) and their caregivers were randomized to either an attention control condition or a novel positive psychology intervention delivered through personalized automated text messaging...
May 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792533/efficacy-of-the-resilience-and-adjustment-intervention-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam P Sima, Ana Mills, Nancy H Hsu, Herman R Lukow
OBJECTIVE: Examine a psychoeducational and skill-building intervention's effectiveness for individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI), using a two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled trial with wait-listed control. METHODS: The Resilience and Adjustment Intervention (RAI) targets adjustment challenges and emphasizes education, skill-building and psychological support. Overall, 160 outpatients were randomly assigned to a treatment or wait-list control (WLC) group...
May 24, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792500/the-perceived-invalidation-of-emotion-scale-pies-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-novel-measure-of-current-emotion-invalidation
#5
Melissa J Zielinski, Jennifer C Veilleux
Emotion invalidation is theoretically and empirically associated with mental and physical health problems. However, existing measures of invalidation focus on past (e.g., childhood) invalidation and/or do not specifically emphasize invalidation of emotion. In this article, the authors articulate a clarified operational definition of emotion invalidation and use that definition as the foundation for development of a new measure of current perceived emotion invalidation across a series of five studies. Study 1 was a qualitative investigation of people's experiences with emotional invalidation from which we generated items...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#6
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792477/psychological-adjustment-in-spanish-young-adult-domestic-adoptees-mental-health-and-licit-substance-consumption
#7
Yolanda Sánchez-Sandoval, Sandra Melero
Although adoptive families have been shown to provide a protective context for human development, some adopted children and adolescents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment problems. On the other hand, little is known about psychological adjustment of young adult adoptees. The aim of this study is to analyze the mental health and legal substance consumption (tobacco and alcohol) of young adults (n = 134) who were domestically adopted by Spanish families. Young adults showed significantly worse scores on the Symptom Check-List-90-R (Derogatis, 1975) and also more substance use than did the Spanish general population, but fewer difficulties than did the clinical population...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792253/genocide-rape-trauma-a-conceptual-framework-for-understanding-the-psychological-suffering-of-rwandan-survivors
#8
Donatilla Mukamana, Anthony Collins, William E Rosa
In 1994, the Rwandan genocide claimed the lives of approximately 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu citizens. Systematic rape was a strategic component of the Hutu extremist plan to eradicate the Tutsi minority population. This involved collective and repeated sexual assaults with brutal violence, public humiliation, and torture. This article maps the ongoing psychological impact on Rwandan genocide rape survivors and identifies implications for international nursing practice. The research formalizes their narratives, identifying a number of interconnected elements that combine to produce myriad forms of chronic psychological suffering in the Rwandan context...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792226/treatment-of-depression-and-or-anxiety-outcomes-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-tree-theme-method%C3%A2-versus-regular-occupational-therapy
#9
A Birgitta Gunnarsson, Petra Wagman, Katarina Hedin, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792076/emotion-regulation-in-autism-reappraisal-and-suppression-interactions
#10
Ru Ying Cai, Amanda L Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake, Julian Trollor, Mirko Uljarević
Emotion regulation has been proposed to be a transdiagnostic factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology in the general population, yet the nature of the relationships between emotion regulation strategy use and psychological well-being has not been comprehensively explored in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess how the individual differences in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use relate to levels of both positive and negative psychological well-being...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792068/loneliness-life-satisfaction-and-psychological-distress-among-out-of-school-adolescents-in-a-nigerian-urban-city
#11
Friday E Okwaraji, Kenechukwu I Obiechina, Godwin C Onyebueke, Ogechukwu N Udegbunam, Godfrey S Nnadum
Loneliness is the feeling of distress that arises when an individual perceives his or her social relationships as being less satisfying than what is desired. Life satisfaction is a global assessment of an individual's quality of life based on his chosen criteria. This descriptive cross sectional study assessed loneliness, life satisfaction and psychological distress among 480 out of school adolescents using the UCLA loneliness scale, the Satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and the General Health questionnaire...
May 23, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792067/application-of-machine-learning-to-predict-dietary-lapses-during-weight-loss
#12
Stephanie P Goldstein, Fengqing Zhang, John G Thomas, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert, Evan M Forman
BACKGROUND: Individuals who adhere to dietary guidelines provided during weight loss interventions tend to be more successful with weight control. Any deviation from dietary guidelines can be referred to as a "lapse." There is a growing body of research showing that lapses are predictable using a variety of physiological, environmental, and psychological indicators. With recent technological advancements, it may be possible to assess these triggers and predict dietary lapses in real time...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791941/understanding-refugees-health
#13
Martin Müller, Dana Khamis, David Srivastava, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Carmen Andrea Pfortmueller
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide. Several factors have a major influence on asylum seekers' health; so, their health profile is markedly different from that of the population in the country of asylum. The aim of this study is to review the major issues physicians need to be aware of when treating asylum seekers, with a special focus on the neurological problems of asylum seekers and refugees. The major impact factors on refugees' health are linked to experiences and exposure (1) in the country of origin, (2) in refugee camps and en route to Europe, and (3) in the process of immigration into the host country and living in European asylum centers...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791647/active-methodologies-for-graduation-in-nursing-focus-on-the-health-care-of-older-adults
#14
Elaine Fernanda Dornelas de Souza, Amanda Gaspar Silva, Ariana Ieda Lima Ferreira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of the use of simulation as active teaching methodology in the Developmental Psychology discipline and share its impacts on the students' learning process. METHOD: Based on Active Methodologies, the students in Nursing of Universidade do Oeste Paulista - Presidente Prudente-SP developed simulated visits to older users of the Family Health Strategies. RESULTS: In accordance with the 2014 National Curriculum Guidelines and the Brazilian Unified Health System, particularities of the needs of older adults at their homes were problematized...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791487/patients-experiences-of-coping-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-their-recommendations-for-its-clinical-management
#15
Sameera Senanayake, Kim Harrison, Michael Lewis, Melitta McNarry, Joanne Hudson
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and life-limiting condition. From a healthcare perspective it is vital to establish effective methods of improving the quality of remaining life in these patients. This requires a detailed understanding of the multiple impacts of an IPF diagnosis on the individual. METHODS: We sought to understand how patients coped with their initial diagnosis, how they live with the disease day-to-day, and their experiences and opinions of the professional support they receive...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791247/a-randomized-trial-of-a-family-support-intervention-in-intensive-care-units
#16
Douglas B White, Derek C Angus, Anne-Marie Shields, Praewpannarai Buddadhumaruk, Caroline Pidro, Cynthia Paner, Elizabeth Chaitin, Chung-Chou H Chang, Francis Pike, Lisa Weissfeld, Jeremy M Kahn, Joseph M Darby, Amy Kowinsky, Susan Martin, Robert M Arnold
Background Surrogate decision makers for incapacitated, critically ill patients often struggle with decisions related to goals of care. Such decisions cause psychological distress in surrogates and may lead to treatment that does not align with patients' preferences. Methods We conducted a stepped-wedge, cluster-randomized trial involving patients with a high risk of death and their surrogates in five intensive care units (ICUs) to compare a multicomponent family-support intervention delivered by the interprofessional ICU team with usual care...
May 23, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791197/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-determinants-of-self-perceived-health-among-portuguese-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#17
Violeta Alarcão, Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Nuno Sousa-Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, Paulo Nicola, Osvaldo Santos, João Gorjão-Clara
OBJECTIVES: Self-perceived health declines with age, varies by gender and is a predictor of mortality, morbidity, physical and psychological functioning. However, gender differences in health and illness perception are complex and not yet fully understood. This study aimed to explore gender-related differences in psychosocial determinants of self-perceived health among older adults living in nursing homes. METHOD: Nationwide face-to-face survey of the Portuguese population aged 65 and over...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791012/a-systematic-mixed-studies-review-of-women-s-experiences-of-perineal-trauma-sustained-during-childbirth
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca Crookall, Gillian Fowler, Caroline Wood, Pauline Slade
AIM: To explore the quantitative/qualitative literature on women's experiences of perineal trauma sustained during childbirth and the impact it may have on psychological/emotional wellbeing BACKGROUND: Obstetric complications during childbirth can be a risk factor for postpartum psychological distress. Perineal trauma is one of the most frequent obstetric complications and it is important to understand any impact on psychological/emotional wellbeing. DESIGN: A convergent qualitative design using a hybrid deductive-inductive thematic synthesis approach to data transformation was used...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790990/women-s-mental-health-in-the-perinatal-period-according-to-migrant-status-the-french-representative-elfe-birth-cohort
#19
Fabienne El-Khoury, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Lidia Panico, Marie-Aline Charles, Elie Azria, Judith Van der Waerden, Maria Melchior
Background: Mental health problems in the perinatal period are common. We examined associations between different categories of migrant status and region of origin in relation to mental health during pregnancy and at 2 months post-partum. Methods: We analyzed data from the French nationally representative Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance birth cohort (n = 17 988). Migrant status was divided into five categories: 'majority population', 'descendants with one migrant parent', 'descendants with two migrant parents', 'naturalized migrant' and 'non-naturalized migrant women'...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790653/the-impact-of-living-with-morbid-obesity-on-psychological-need-frustration-a-study-with-bariatric-patients
#20
Ángel Megías, David González-Cutre, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, José M Gomis-Díaz, Eduardo Cervelló, Kimberley J Bartholomew
Guided by self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the previous experiences of living with morbid obesity of 10 postbariatric patients enrolled in a physical activity programme. Qualitative data were collected through interviews and diarized observations. A thematic analysis revealed that participants suffered from health and mobility troubles in their daily life and experienced stigmatization and discrimination in most areas of their social functioning. Participants described how these experiences resulted in the thwarting of their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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