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Elderly and sleep apnea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254101/electroacupuncture-assisted-craniotomy-on-an-awake-patient
#1
Amritpal Sidhu, Trushna Murgahayah, Vairavan Narayanan, Hari Chandran, Vicknes Waran
Although acupuncture has existed for over 2000 years, its application as an anesthetic aid began in the 1950s in China. The first surgical procedure performed under acupuncture anesthesia was a tonsillectomy. Soon thereafter, major and minor surgical procedures took place with electroacupuncture alone providing the anesthesia. The procedures performed were diverse, ranging from cardiothoracic surgery to dental extractions. Usage of acupuncture anesthesia, specifically in neurosurgery, has been well documented in hospitals across China, especially in Beijing, dating back to the 1970s...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245272/impact-of-self-reported-symptoms-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma-on-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-sleep-disturbances-in-the-elderly-with-polysomnography-study
#2
Sae-Hoon Kim, Ha-Kyeong Won, Sung-Do Moon, Byung-Keun Kim, Yoon-Seok Chang, Ki-Woong Kim, In-Young Yoon
BACKGROUND: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and sleep disturbances have been reported to be associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma. However, population-based studies of this issue in the elderly are rare. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of self-reported rhinitis and asthma on sleep apnea and sleep quality using polysomnography in an elderly Korean population. METHODS: A total of 348 elderly subjects who underwent one-night polysomnography study among a randomly selected sample were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214166/sleeve-gastrectomy-in-the-elderly-a-case-control-study-with-long-term-follow-up-of-3-years
#3
Andrés Navarrete, Ricard Corcelles, Gabriel Diaz Del Gobbo, Sofía Perez, Josep Vidal, Antonio Lacy
BACKGROUND: Advanced age is considered to be a relative contraindication to bariatric surgery because of increased perioperative risk and suboptimal excess weight loss. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and effectiveness of the sleeve gastrectomy (SG) procedure in a cohort of elderly patients (aged≥60 yr) compared with younger patients (aged<60 yr). SETTING: Hospital clinic, Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all cases of SG in patients≥60 years old between January 2006 and December 2012 was performed...
December 14, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195824/sleep-surgery-in-the-elderly
#4
Christopher J Gouveia, John D Cramer, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Robson Capasso
Objective Assess the frequency and nature of postoperative complications following sleep surgery. Examine these issues specifically in elderly patients to provide guidance for their perioperative care. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Methods We identified patients with obstructive sleep apnea undergoing sleep surgery procedures from 2006 to 2013 in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, a multi-institutional outcomes program designed to improve surgical quality...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185772/impact-of-weight-loss-management-in-osa
#5
REVIEW
Simon A Joosten, Garun S Hamilton, Matthew T Naughton
The interaction between obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is complex. Whilst it is often assumed that obesity is the major cause of OSA, and that treatment of the OSA might mitigate further weight gain, new evidence is emerging that suggest these statements may not be the case. Obesity explains about 60% of the variance of the apnea hypopnea index definition of OSA, mainly in those < 50 years and less so in the elderly. Moreover, long term treatment of OSA with continuous positive airway pressure is associated with small but significant weight gain...
February 6, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162112/hoarding-in-the-elderly-a-critical-review-of-the-recent-literature
#6
David M Roane, Alyssa Landers, Jackson Sherratt, Gillian S Wilson
BACKGROUND: Hoarding is now a stand-alone diagnosis in DSM-5. The objective of this review is to critically evaluate the most recent literature on hoarding disorder (HD) in ageing patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and PsychINFO to identify papers from 2000 to 2015 that examined HD and hoarding symptoms in late-life participants. RESULTS: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria. Selected studies had significant methodological limitations with regard to participant sampling, diagnostic criteria, and methods for identifying co-morbid conditions...
February 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044184/-outcome-predictors-for-copd-patients-hospitalized-for-acute-exacerbation
#7
M Spielmanns, F Axer, C Nell, A R Koczulla, T Boeselt, F Magnet, J H Storre, W Windisch
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors for clinical failure of acute exacerbation in patients with COPD (AECOPD) are of special importance in order to choose an adequate therapy and resources during inpatient treatment. Our database was analyzed to identify predictors for a negative outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis medical records of 616 patients (299 women; 317 men) hospitalized for AECOPD between January 2011 and January 2016 were analyzed in order to evaluate demographic and clinical parameters leading to adverse events...
January 2, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039650/is-bariatric-surgery-safe-in-the-elderly-population
#8
Federico Perez Quirante, Lisandro Montorfano, Rajmohan Rammohan, Nisha Dhanabalsamy, Aaron Lee, Samuel Szomstein, Emanuele Lo Menzo, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has proven to be the most effective treatment for morbid obesity in all age groups and is considered superior to medical treatment. The aim of our study was to report the outcomes of bariatric surgery in patients over 65 years of age at our institution. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted of all patients > 65 years who underwent a bariatric procedure between 2005 and 2015 at our institution...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976622/exploration-of-sleep-disorders-in-the-elderly-which-particularities
#9
Vi-Huong Nguyen-Michel, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini
There are many reasons to take into consideration the sleep disorders in the elderly. The sleep quality degrades with age and is strongly affected by medical conditions, intrinsic sleep disorders, or by a combination of these factors. Other age-related conditions such as severe dementia, dependence or living in institution worsen sleep disturbances in older people. When living alone elderly people, being cognitively impaired and medically disabled, may not be able to complain about sleep problems. Sleep disorders are thus underdiagnosed, unmarked, and insufficiently investigated in the elderly...
December 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972297/economic-benefits-of-cpap-treatment-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-elderly
#10
S S Park, J Menzin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970449/excess-costs-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-elderly
#11
J Menzin, S S Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938920/impact-of-different-hypopnea-definitions-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-and-cardiovascular-mortality-risk-in-women-and-elderly-individuals
#12
Francisco Campos-Rodriguez, Miguel A Martínez-García, Nuria Reyes-Nuñez, Maria J Selma-Ferrer, Naresh M Punjabi, Ramon Farre
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of three hypopnea definitions on the severity classification of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its association with cardiovascular mortality risk in women and elderly individuals. METHODS: We analyzed two Spanish clinical cohorts (1116 women and 939 elderly individuals) who were studied for suspicion of OSA between 1998 and 2007. A calibration model was used to apply different definitions of hypopnea to our two cohorts. Hypopnea was defined as a 30-90% reduction in oronasal flow for ≥10 s followed by (1) ≥4% fall in oxyhemoglobin saturation-AHI4%; (2) ≥3% fall in oxyhemoglobin saturation-AHI3%; or (3) ≥3% fall in oxyhemoglobin saturation or an event-related arousal-AHI3%a...
November 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895576/sleep-disturbances-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-2002-2012-nationwide-inpatient-rates-predictors-and-outcomes
#13
Alyssa A Gamaldo, May A Beydoun, Hind A Beydoun, Hailun Liang, Rachel E Salas, Alan B Zonderman, Charlene E Gamaldo, Shaker M Eid
Objective/Background: We examined the rates, predictors, and outcomes [mortality risk (MR), length of stay (LOS), and total charges (TC)] of sleep disturbances in older hospitalized patients. Patients/Methods: Using the U.S. Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2002-2012), older patients (≥60 years) were selected and rates of insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and other sleep disturbances (OSD) were estimated using ICD-9CM. TC, adjusted for inflation, was of primary interest, while MR and LOS were secondary outcomes...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795883/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-patient-greater-than-70-with-18-month-of-follow-up
#14
Hinali Zaveri, Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Christina Summerhays, Austin Cottam, Christina Richards, LeGrand Belnap, Walter Medlin
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of data available to determine the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery in the elderly population. Additionally, there are no studies showing the effect of the single anastomosis duodenal switch (SADS) has on the elderly obese, in comparison with other more popular procedures. Here we compare laparoscopic gastric band surgery (LAGB), Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB), and the SADS to analyze the weight loss, perioperative and postoperative morbidity in the patients >70 years of age at a single US center...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677047/sleep-breathing-disorders-and-cognitive-decline-in-healthy-elderly-followed-for-eight-years-the-proof-cohort
#15
Magali Saint Martin, Emilia Sforza, Emilie Crawford-Achour, Lefèvre Pascal, Georges Lienard, Roche Frédéric
OBJECTIVE: Sleep breathing disorders (SBD) are the most common sleep disorders frequently under-diagnosed in elderly populations. However, it is it well known that this disorder may contribute to the age-related cognitive decline. In a cohort of healthy elderly subjects, we performed an 8-year longitudinal study to assess whether changes in cognitive function occur in untreated SBD elderly and the nocturnal factors implicated in these changes. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 559 participants of the community-based PROOF study aged 67years at the study entry and free from neurological disorders were examined...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670855/frailty-and-sarcopenia-in-elderly
#16
John E Morley
Frailty is a pre-disability syndrome where an older person can be identified as being at risk when exposed to stressors associated with high risk for disability or needing to be hospitalized. Two major frailty definitions exist. The physical phenotype of frailty and the multiple deficit model. A simple frailty screening tool-FRAIL-has been validated. Treatment of frailty involves resistance exercise, optimization of nutrition, and treatment of fatigue (sleep apnea, depression), treatable causes of weight loss and adjustment of polypharmacy...
December 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666578/risk-of-tinnitus-in-patients-with-sleep-apnea-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#17
Malcolm Koo, Juen-Haur Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of tinnitus in patients with sleep disturbance or sleep apnea. STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. METHODS: We identified 21,798 middle-aged and elderly patients with otolaryngologist-diagnosed tinnitus between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2012, from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A total of 108,990 controls were also identified from the same database based on frequency-matching on 10-year age interval, sex, and year of index date of the cases...
September 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579333/the-association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-depression-in-older-adults
#18
Mohammad Farajzadeh, Meimanat Hosseini, Jamileh Mohtashami, Samira Chaibakhsh, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most frequent psychiatric disorder among the elderly. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic and prevalent disease that has an ambiguous role in triggering depression. Several researches with contradictory findings have been performed about the association between OSA and depression. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association between OSA and depression among elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 350 home residing elderly took part in this case-control study...
June 2016: Nursing and Midwifery Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568340/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Chamara V Senaratna, Jennifer L Perret, Caroline J Lodge, Adrian J Lowe, Brittany E Campbell, Melanie C Matheson, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
With this systematic review we aimed to determine the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults in the general population and how it varied between population sub-groups. Twenty-four studies out of 3807 found by systematically searching PubMed and Embase databases were included in this review. Substantial methodological heterogeneity in population prevalence studies has caused a wide variation in the reported prevalence, which, in general, is high. At ≥5 events/h apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), the overall population prevalence ranged from 9% to 38% and was higher in men...
July 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544832/risk-factors-of-osteoporosis-in-healthy-elderly-with-unrecognized-obstructive-sleep-apnea-role-of-physical-activity
#20
Emilia Sforza, Magali Saint Martin, Thierry Thomas, Philippe Collet, Martin Garet, Jean Claude Barthélémy, Frédéric Roche
OBJECTIVE: Several studies suggest a relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) anthropometric and metabolic variables, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA); all of these factors have an effect on osteoporosis (OS) risk. This cross-sectional study explores these associations in a large sample of older subjects with and without OSA. METHODS: Volunteers were recruited from the PROgnostic indicator OF cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events survey. A total of 461 subjects, aged 68...
June 2016: Sleep Medicine
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