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Cancer and sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332678/relationship-of-sleep-pattern-and-snoring-with-chronic-disease-findings-from-a-nationwide-population-based-survey
#1
Fakir Md Yunus, Safayet Khan, Dipak K Mitra, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Kaosar Afsana, Mahfuzar Rahman
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of total sleep time and presence or absence of snoring with chronic disease among the Bangladeshi adult population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Urban and rural Bangladesh. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 12,338 men and women aged ≥35 years. MEASUREMENTS: Total sleep time was considered as the total hours of sleep in 24 hours. Furthermore, sleep time was categorized into <7, 7-9, and >9 hours according to National Sleep Foundation (2015) guidelines...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327085/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-symptom-interference-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#2
Catherine E Mosher, Ekin Secinti, Ruohong Li, Adam T Hirsh, Jonathan Bricker, Kathy D Miller, Bryan Schneider, Anna Maria Storniolo, Lida Mina, Erin V Newton, Victoria L Champion, Shelley A Johns
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in women worldwide. With medical advances, metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients often live for years with many symptoms that interfere with activities. However, there is a paucity of efficacious interventions to address symptom-related suffering and functional interference. Thus, this study examined the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of telephone-based acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for symptom interference with functioning in MBC patients...
January 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325791/the-therapeutic-effects-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-an-update-from-the-national-academies-of-sciences-engineering-and-medicine-report
#3
REVIEW
Donald I Abrams
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine conducted a rapid turn-around comprehensive review of recent medical literature on The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids. The 16-member committee adopted the key features of a systematic review process, conducting an extensive search of relevant databases and considered 10,000 recent abstracts to determine their relevance. Primacy was given to recently published systematic reviews and primary research that studied one of the committee's 11 prioritized health endpoints- therapeutic effects; cancer incidence; cardiometabolic risk; respiratory disease; immune function; injury and death; prenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes; psychosocial outcomes; mental health; problem Cannabis use; and Cannabis use and abuse of other substances...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321047/effects-of-concentrated-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-before-radical-prostatectomy-on-prostate-cancer-proliferation-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-study-protocol-for-a-phase-iib-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Marie-Hélène Guertin, Karine Robitaille, Jean-François Pelletier, Thierry Duchesne, Pierre Julien, Josée Savard, Isabelle Bairati, Vincent Fradet
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in north-American men. Few dietary or lifestyle interventions have been tested to prevent prostate cancer progression. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation represents a promising intervention for prostate cancer patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3), more precisely eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) supplementation, on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation mediators and quality of life among men who will undergo radical prostatectomy...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317057/the-complex-associations-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-auto-immune-disorders-a-review
#5
Mayand Vakil, Steven Park, Anna Broder
Obstructive sleep apnea is known to be associated with diseases such as hypertension, metabolic disorder, and cancer. A more controversial and less understood association is that of sleep apneas and the development and worsening of autoimmune and rheumatologic disorders. Through the main pathways of intermittent hypoxia and sleep deprivation, we hypothesize that obstructive sleep apnea creates a chronic inflammatory state that worsens or incites autoimmune disorders. This thorough review of the available literature highlights our current understanding of the relationship between these disease processes in order to demonstrate the importance of diagnosis and appropriate management of sleep disorders in patients suffering from rheumatologic diseases...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316709/screaming-body-and-silent-healthcare-providers-a-case-study-with-a-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivor
#6
REVIEW
Sigrun Sigurdardottir, Sigridur Halldorsdottir
Stressful early life experiences cause immune dysregulation across the lifespan. Despite the fact that studies have identified childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors as a particularly vulnerable group, only a few attempts have been made to study their lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA. The aim of this study was to explore a female CSA survivor's lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA and how she experienced the reactions of healthcare providers. Seven interviews were conducted with this 40-year-old woman, Anne, using a phenomenological research approach...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315955/prevalence-of-physical-problems-detected-by-the-distress-thermometer-and-problem-list-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#7
Daniel C McFarland, Kelly M Shaffer, Amy Tiersten, Jimmie Holland
BACKGROUND: Patients with breast cancer have high rates of physical symptoms that negatively impact their quality of life. The relationship between women's perceptions of these physical symptoms and patient demographic and breast cancer characteristics is less well known. This study describes breast cancer patients' physical symptoms and their relationship with patient characteristics. METHODS: Patients (n=125) with breast cancer (Stage 0-IV) completed questionnaires in a dedicated academic medical center breast cancer clinic...
January 5, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315290/sleep-and-survival-among-women-with-breast-cancer-30-years-of-follow-up-within-the-nurses-health-study
#8
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Eric S Zhou, Elizabeth M Poole, Xuehong Zhang, Karin B Michels, A Heather Eliassen, Wendy Y Chen, Michelle D Holmes, Shelley S Tworoger, Eva S Schernhammer
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2017.85.
January 9, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309818/nonpharmacologic-interventions-for-improving-sleep-disturbances-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Apostolos Papadoudis, Maria Kiagia, Konstantinos Syrigos
CONTEXT: Lung cancer patients suffer from higher levels of sleep disturbances compared to other cancer patients and this leads to greater distress, poorer function and lower quality of life. Nonpharmacologic interventions have demonstrated improvements in the context of breast cancer but their efficacy in the lung cancer population is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to determine the effects of any nonpharmacologic intervention on sleep quality of lung cancer patients...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304797/suprapubic-tube-versus-urethral-catheter-drainage-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Zhongyu Jian, Shijian Feng, Yuntian Chen, Xin Wei, Deyi Luo, Hong Li, Kunjie Wang
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the elderly population. The standard treatment is radical prostatectomy (RARP). However, urologists do not have consents on the postoperative urine drainage management (suprapubic tube (ST)/ urethral catheter (UC)). Thus, we try to compare ST drainage to UC drainage after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy regarding to comfort, recovery rate and continence using the method of meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Dec...
January 5, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303950/cns-drug-development-lessons-learned-part-4-the-role-of-brain-circuitry-and-genes-tasimelteon-as-an-example
#11
Sheldon H Preskorn
This is the fourth in a series of columns discussing the rational and targeted development of drugs to affect specific central nervous system (CNS) circuits in specific ways based on knowledge gained by molecular biology and the human genome project. The first column in this series described 6 CNS drugs with novel mechanisms of action developed over the last 25 years. The second column discussed differences between syndromic diagnoses as exemplified by the third through the fifth editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM III through DSM-5) and the new approach to psychiatric diagnoses championed by the National Institute of Mental Health in their Research Domain Criteria Initiative...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303101/-testosterone-therapy-indications-and-risks
#12
M G F Maatje, M Dinkelman-Smit, W P A Boellaard, G R Dohle
- Late onset hypogonadism (LOH) is a shortage of testosterone in adult men whose male development was normal. This form of hypogonadism results in decreased testosterone levels and variable gonadotrophin levels. - The symptoms of LOH are often aspecific and may be consistent with ageing in men: lowered libido, loss of strength, reduced cognitive functioning and disorders of sleeping and mood. - There is discussion about testosterone parameters, but if clinical symptoms are consistent with LOH and the testosterone level is < 8 nmol/l, hypogonadism is evidently indicated...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300730/physical-activity-sleep-and-risk-of-respiratory-infections-a-swedish-cohort-study
#13
Francesca Ghilotti, Ann-Sofie Pesonen, Sara E Raposo, Henric Winell, Olof Nyrén, Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Amelie Plymoth
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies found higher levels of physical activity to be protective against infections and that short and long sleep negatively affects the immune response. However, these relationships remain debatable. We aimed to investigate if physical activity and sleep habits affect incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: A total of 2,038 adults aged 25-64 years served as a random sample of the gainfully employed population of an industrial town in Sweden...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289556/chronopathophysiological-implications-of-orexin-in-sleep-disturbances-and-lifestyle-related-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Hiroshi Tsuneki, Tsutomu Wada, Toshiyasu Sasaoka
Sleep, a mysterious behavior, has recently been recognized as a crucial factor for health and longevity. The daily sleep/wake cycle provides the basis of biorhythms controlling whole-body homeostasis and homeodynamics; therefore, disruption of sleep causes several physical and psychological disorders, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, cancer, anxiety, depression, and cognitive dysfunction. However, the mechanism linking sleep disturbances and sleep-related disorders remains unknown. Orexin (also known as hypocretin) is a neuropeptide produced in the hypothalamus...
December 28, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285942/-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-as-a-component-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-causal-correlations-with-other-extrahepatic-diseases
#15
Tamás Halmos, Ilona Suba
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common non-infectious chronic liver-disease in our age, and is a spectrum of all the diseases associated with increased fat accumulation in the hepatocytes. Its development is promoted by sedentary life-style, over-feeding, and certain genetic predisposition. Prevalence in the adult population, even in Hungary is ~30%. In a part of cases, this disease may pass into non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, later into fibrosis, rarely into primary hepatocellular cancer. Fatty liver is closely and bidirectionally related to the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, and nowadays there is a general consensus that fatty liver is the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic sycndrome...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283409/omentin-a-novel-adipokine-in-respiratory-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Yan Zhou, Bo Zhang, Caixia Hao, Xiaoting Huang, Xiaohong Li, Yanhong Huang, Ziqiang Luo
Adipokines, secreted by the adipose tissue, are extensively involved in the regulation and maintenance of various physiological and pathological processes, including insulin sensitivity, energy expenditure, glucose and lipid metabolism, inflammatory activity, neuroendocrine activity, immunity, cancer, homeostasis, angiogenesis, cardiovascular function, breeding and bone metabolism, and all functions of the endocrine-reproductive system axis. Omentin is a recently identified adipokine, which has become a research hotspot due to its pleiotropic effects on various diseases...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258993/circadian-clocks-from-stem-cells-to-tissue-homeostasis-and-regeneration
#17
REVIEW
Pieterjan Dierickx, Linda W Van Laake, Niels Geijsen
The circadian clock is an evolutionarily conserved timekeeper that adapts body physiology to diurnal cycles of around 24 h by influencing a wide variety of processes such as sleep-to-wake transitions, feeding and fasting patterns, body temperature, and hormone regulation. The molecular clock machinery comprises a pathway that is driven by rhythmic docking of the transcription factors BMAL1 and CLOCK on clock-controlled output genes, which results in tissue-specific oscillatory gene expression programs. Genetic as well as environmental perturbation of the circadian clock has been implicated in various diseases ranging from sleep to metabolic disorders and cancer development...
December 19, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258977/estimation-of-symptom-severity-during-chemotherapy-from-passively-sensed-data-exploratory-study
#18
Carissa A Low, Anind K Dey, Denzil Ferreira, Thomas Kamarck, Weijing Sun, Sangwon Bae, Afsaneh Doryab
BACKGROUND: Physical and psychological symptoms are common during chemotherapy in cancer patients, and real-time monitoring of these symptoms can improve patient outcomes. Sensors embedded in mobile phones and wearable activity trackers could be potentially useful in monitoring symptoms passively, with minimal patient burden. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore whether passively sensed mobile phone and Fitbit data could be used to estimate daily symptom burden during chemotherapy...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258470/health-and-healthcare-disparities-among-u-s-women-and-men-at-the-intersection-of-sexual-orientation-and-race-ethnicity-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#19
Mai-Han Trinh, Madina Agénor, S Bryn Austin, Chandra L Jackson
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that sexual minorities (SMs) (e.g. lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals), compared to their heterosexual counterparts, may engage in riskier health behaviors, are at higher risk of some adverse health outcomes, and are more likely to experience reduced health care access and utilization. However, few studies have examined how the interplay between race and sexual orientation impacts a range of health measures in a nationally representative sample of the U...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250775/most-impactful-factors-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-a-geriatric-population-with-cancer
#20
Maria Pisu, Andres Azuero, Karina I Halilova, Courtney P Williams, Kelly M Kenzik, Elizabeth A Kvale, Grant R Williams, Karen Meneses, Margaret Sullivan, Supriya Kumar Yagnik, Hans-Peter Goertz, Gabrielle B Rocque
BACKGROUND: As the population of older adults with cancer continues to grow, the most important factors contributing to their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 1457 older adults (aged ≥65 years) with cancer participated in a telephone survey. Outcomes were measured using the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores of the 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) from the Medical Outcomes Study (version 2)...
December 18, 2017: Cancer
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