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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102887/clinical-trial-of-nintedanib-in-patients-with-recurrent-or-metastatic-salivary-gland-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck-a-multicenter-phase-2-study-korean-cancer-study-group-hn14-01
#1
Youjin Kim, Su Jin Lee, Ji Yun Lee, Se-Hoon Lee, Jong-Mu Sun, Keunchil Park, Ho Jung An, Jae Yong Cho, Eun Joo Kang, Ha-Young Lee, Jinsoo Kim, Bhumsuk Keam, Hye Ryun Kim, Kyoung Eun Lee, Moon Young Choi, Ki Hyeong Lee, Myung-Ju Ahn
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland cancers (SGCs) are uncommon and account for less than 5% of all head and neck cancers, but they are histologically heterogeneous. No specific therapy, including targeted agents, has consistently improved clinical outcomes in recurrent/metastatic SGC. Recent studies suggest that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) play important roles in SGC. Nintedanib is a potent small-molecule, triple-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and VEGFR3; fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 [FGFR1], FGFR2, and FGFR3; and PDGFRα and PDGFRß)...
January 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102031/dual-nano-sized-contrast-agents-in-pet-mri-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Afsaneh Lahooti, Saeed Sarkar, Sophie Laurent, Saeed Shanehsazzadeh
Nowadays molecular imaging plays a vital role in achieving a successful targeted and personalized treatment. Hence, the approach of combining two or more medical imaging modalities was developed. The objective of this review is to systematically compare recent dual contrast agents in Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and in some cases Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/MRI in terms of some their characteristics, such as tumor uptake, and reticuloendothelial system uptake (especially liver) and their relaxivity rates for early detection of primary cancer tumor...
November 2016: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101224/impact-of-chromosome-17q-deletion-in-the-primary-lesion-of-colorectal-cancer-on-liver-metastasis
#3
Masaya Kawai, Hiromitsu Komiyama, Masaki Hosoya, Haruna Okubo, Tomoaki Fujii, Norihiko Yokoyama, Chiyo Sato, Takae Ueyama, Atsushi Okuzawa, Michitoshi Goto, Yutaka Kojima, Makoto Takahashi, Kiichi Sugimoto, Shun Ishiyama, Shinya Munakata, Dai Ogura, Shin-Ichiro Niwa, Yuichi Tomiki, Takumi Ochiai, Kazuhiro Sakamoto
Colorectal cancer is a prevalent malignancy worldwide, and investigations are required to elucidate the underlying carcinogenic mechanisms. Amongst these mechanisms, de novo carcinogenesis and the adenoma to carcinoma sequence, are the most understood. Metastasis of colorectal cancer to the liver often results in fatality, therefore, it is important for any associated risk factors to be identified. Regarding the treatment of the disease, it is important to manage not only the primary colorectal tumor, but also the liver metastases...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100369/-innovations-on-technology-management-and-concept-are-indispensible-for-scientific-research-prevention-and-treatment-of-malignant-tumor-in-china
#4
G W Cao
Malignant tumor has become the top cause of deaths before the average life expectancy in Chinese population. From the variations in the morbidity rate and mortality rate of malignant tumor in the mainland of China between 2000 and 2011, the primary prevention targeting the risk factors/etiological agents significantly reduced the morbidity rates of gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, and primary liver cancer, therefore reduced the mortality rates of these cancers. However, the contribution of clinical treatments to the mortality reduction was not obviously improved during this period...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099898/the-best-strategy-for-hcc-patients-at-each-bclc-stage-a-network-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#5
REVIEW
Lei Chang, Yitao Wang, Jibo Zhang, Tao Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging system remains huge controversies in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma. To determine the best therapeutic strategy for patients at each stage, we conducted a network meta-analysis and aimed to provide a new treatment concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library database were searched for observational studies up to August 31, 2016. We extracted data on overall survival rate from studies that compared various strategies for use with patients at different stages...
January 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098572/metastatic-organotropism-an-intrinsic-property-of-breast-cancer-molecular-subtypes
#6
Shi Wei, Gene P Siegal
It has long been known that some cancers have the propensity to metastasize to certain organs thus creating a nonrandom distribution of sites for distant relapse, a phenomenon known as "metastatic organotropism." Some of these examples include ovary primary to abdominal cavity, prostate primary to bone, and pancreas primary to liver. In contrast, other tumor types, such as mammary and renal cell carcinoma, can relapse in multiple organs although approximately half of advanced breast cancers metastasize to bone...
January 16, 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090674/ns5b-promotes-degradation-of-the-nore1a-tumor-suppressor-to-facilitate-hepatitis-c-virus-replication
#7
Payal Arora, Amartya Basu, M Lee Schmidt, Geoffrey J Clark, Howard Donninger, Daniel B Nichols, Diego F Calvisi, Neerja Kaushik-Basu
: Hepatitis C infection is a common risk factor for the development of liver cancer. The molecular mechanisms underlying this effect are only partially understood. Here we show that the HCV protein NS5B directly binds to the tumor suppressor NORE1A (RASSF5) and promotes its proteosomal degradation. In addition, we show that NORE1A co-localizes to sites of HCV viral replication and suppresses the process. Thus, NORE1A has anti-viral activity which is specifically antagonized by NS5B. Moreover, the suppression of NORE1A protein levels correlated almost perfectly with elevation of Ras activity in primary human samples...
January 16, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088871/herbal-medicine-practices-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-peru
#8
Teresa Rojas Rojas, Geneviève Bourdy, Eloy Ruiz, Juan-Pablo Cerapio, Pascal Pineau, Jacques Gardon, Franco Doimi, Xavier Deparis, Eric Deharo, Stéphane Bertani
RATIONALE: The highest burden of liver cancer occurs in developing countries, where the use of herbal medicine (HM) is still widespread. Despite this trend, few studies have been conducted to report HM practices of patients with a hepatic tumor in the developing world. Hence, this study aimed to document the use of HM among patients with liver cancer in Peru. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A comparative behavioral epidemiological survey was conducted among liver cancer patients attending the National Cancer Institute of Peru...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088579/the-microrna-449-family-inhibits-tgf-%C3%AE-mediated-liver-cancer-cell-migration-by-targeting-sox4
#9
Maria Sandbothe, Reena Buurman, Nicole Reich, Luisa Greiwe, Beate Vajen, Engin Gürlevik, Vera Schäffer, Marlies Eilers, Florian Kühnel, Alejandro Vaquero, Thomas Longerich, Stephanie Roessler, Peter Schirmacher, Michael P Manns, Thomas Illig, Brigitte Schlegelberger, Britta Skawran
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Modulation of microRNA expression is considered for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, we characterized the epigenetically regulated microRNA-449 family (miR-449a, miR-449b, miR-449c) with regards to its functional effects and target genes in HCC. METHODS: After transfection of miR-449a, miR-449b, and/or miR-449c, tumor-relevant functional effects were analyzed using in vitro assays and a xenograft mouse model. Binding specificities, target genes, and regulated pathways of each microRNA were identified by microarray analyses...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087967/periampullary-carcinoma-with-penile-metastasis
#10
W C Pui, N A Nik Azim
Periampullary carcinoma metastases are usually located at regional nodes, adjacent organs, liver or lung. On the other hand, metastatic penile cancer is uncommon. Penile metastasis usually originates from pelvic region with prostate and bladder being the most frequent primary location. We present a very rare case of periampullary carcinoma with penile metastasis in a 49-year-old man. He initially presented with early ampullary type periampullary carcinoma and had pyloric preserving pancreatoduodenectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086942/external-beam-radiotherapy-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-international-multicenter-phase-i-trial-sakk-77-07-and-sasl-26
#11
Evelyn Herrmann, Diana Naehrig, Manfred Sassowsky, Martin Bigler, Jeroen Buijsen, Ilja Ciernik, Daniel Zwahlen, Alessandra Franzetti Pellanda, Andreas Meister, Peter Brauchli, Simona Berardi, Erika Kuettel, Jean-François Dufour, Daniel M Aebersold
PURPOSE: To assess feasibility and safety of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy (cfRT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed stage cT1-4, cN0-1 HCC and Child-Pugh Score (CPS) A or B disease were included in a phase I multicenter trial. Metastatic HCC were allowed if ≥90% of total tumor volume was located within the liver. Patients were enrolled onto five dose-escalation levels (54-70Gy in 2Gy fractions) based on a modified 3 + 3 design, with cohorts of five patients instead of three patients in dose levels 4 and 5...
January 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078860/effects-of-two-different-anesthetic-methods-on-cellular-immunity-of-patients-after-liver-cancer-resection
#12
Y Xu, Y Sun, H Chen, Y Wang, G N Wang
This study aims to investigate the effects of epidural block in combination with general anesthesia and general anesthesia alone on the immune function of patients undergoing primary liver cancer resection. Twenty-four patients with liver cancer who received treatment in the Third Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang, China, were enrolled and randomly allocated into group A and group B, with 12 in each group. The data on the T lymphocyte subpopulation, pro-inflammatory cytokines and antiinflammatory cytokines were recorded before, immediately after and 24 h after liver cancer resection to compare differences and changes...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077782/serum-and-tissue-markers-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-cholangiocarcinoma-clinical-and-prognostic-implications
#13
REVIEW
Massimiliano Berretta, Carla Cavaliere, Lara Alessandrini, Brigida Stanzione, Gaetano Facchini, Luca Balestreri, Tiziana Perin, Vincenzo Canzonieri
HCC represents the sixth most common cancer worldwide and the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Despite the high incidence, treatment options for advanced HCC remain limited and unsuccessful, resulting in a poor prognosis. Despite the major advances achieved in the diagnostic management of HCC, only one third of the newly diagnosed patients are presently eligible for curative treatments. Advances in technology and an increased understanding of HCC biology have led to the discovery of novel biomarkers...
December 14, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077438/fibroblast-drug-scavenging-increases-intratumoural-gemcitabine-accumulation-in-murine-pancreas-cancer
#14
E Hessmann, M S Patzak, L Klein, N Chen, V Kari, I Ramu, T E Bapiro, K K Frese, A Gopinathan, F M Richards, D I Jodrell, C Verbeke, X Li, R Heuchel, J M Löhr, S A Johnsen, T M Gress, V Ellenrieder, A Neesse
OBJECTIVE: Desmoplasia and hypovascularity are thought to impede drug delivery in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, stromal depletion approaches have failed to show clinical responses in patients. Here, we aimed to revisit the role of the tumour microenvironment as a physical barrier for gemcitabine delivery. DESIGN: Gemcitabine metabolites were analysed in LSL-Kras(G12D/+); LSL-Trp53(R172H/+); Pdx-1-Cre (KPC) murine tumours and matched liver metastases, primary tumour cell lines, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry...
January 10, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076472/evaluation-of-lymphatic-spread-visceral-metastasis-and-tumoral-local-invasion-in-esophageal-carcinomas
#15
Francisco Tustumi, Cintia Mayumi Sakurai Kimura, Flavio Roberto Takeda, Rubens Antônio Aissar Sallum, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Ivan Cecconello
Background: Knowing esophageal tumors behavior in relationship to lymph node involvement, distant metastases and local tumor invasion is of paramount importance for the best esophageal tumors management. Aim: To describe lymph node involvement, distant metastases, and local tumor invasion in esophageal carcinoma, according to tumor topography and histology. Methods: A total of 444 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and 105 adenocarcinoma were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075606/potential-application-of-dual-energy-ct-in-gynecologic-cancer-initial-experience
#16
Ana Paula Benveniste, Silvana de Castro Faria, Gregory Broering, Dhakshina Moorthy Ganeshan, Eric P Tamm, Revathy B Iyer, Priya Bhosale
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the use of dual-energy CT (DECT) in the assessment of gynecologic cancer. CONCLUSION: DECT has the potential to improve diagnostic performance, may improve the ability to differentiate between simple cystic lesions and primary ovarian cancer, and may also improve the detection of musculoskeletal and liver metastases. Additional studies will be needed to determine the direction of future developments and the degree to which DECT will affect the imaging and management of gynecologic cancer...
January 11, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073161/the-pnpla3-i148m-variant-modulates-the-fibrogenic-phenotype-of-human-hepatic-stellate-cells
#17
Francesca Virginia Bruschi, Thierry Claudel, Matteo Tardelli, Alessandra Caligiuri, Thomas M Stulnig, Fabio Marra, Michael Trauner
: The genetic polymorphism I148M of PNPLA3 is robustly associated with hepatic steatosis and its progression to steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cancer. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are key players in the development of liver fibrosis, but the role of PNPLA3 and its variant I148M in this process is poorly understood. Here we analyzed the expression of PNPLA3 during human HSC activation and thereby explored how a PNPLA3 variant impacts on hepatic fibrogenesis. We show that PNPLA3 gene and protein expression increase during the early phases of activation and remain elevated in fully activated HSCs (p<0...
January 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072765/phase-ii-study-of-the-pi3k-inhibitor-bkm120-in-patients-with-advanced-or-recurrent-endometrial-carcinoma-a-stratified-type-i-type-ii-study-from-the-gineco-group
#18
P-E Heudel, M Fabbro, C Roemer-Becuwe, M C Kaminsky, A Arnaud, F Joly, S Roche-Forestier, J Meunier, C Foa, B You, F Priou, Y Tazi, A Floquet, F Selle, D Berton-Rigaud, A Lesoin, E Kalbacher, A Lortholary, L Favier, I Treilleux, I Ray-Coquard
: Backround:Patients with metastatic endometrial carcinoma have a poor prognosis and PIK3CA mutations and amplifications are common in these cancers. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the pure PI3K inhibitor BKM120 in advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: This phase II, multicentre, single-arm, double strata (histological low grade (LG) or high grade (HG)) open-label study enrolled patients with histologically confirmed advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma who had received not more than one prior chemotherapy regimen...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069044/effect-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-combined-with-palonosetron-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jing Xie, Lei-Hua Chen, Zhou-Yu Ning, Chen-Yue Zhang, Hao Chen, Zhen Chen, Zhi-Qiang Meng, Xiao-Yan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting adversely affects the quality of life of patients who receive chemotherapy via intravenous infusion or transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). This study aimed to investigate the clinical effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on nausea and vomiting after TACE. METHODS: A total of 142 patients who received TACE with cisplatin for primary or metastatic liver cancer were assigned to the active-acupuncture (n = 72) or placebo-acupuncture (n = 70) groups using a covariate-adaptive randomization at a ratio of 1:1...
January 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068959/pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-with-metastasis-to-the-spleen-a-case-report
#20
Yasunaru Sakuma, Yoshikazu Yasuda, Naohiro Sata, Yoshinori Hosoya, Atsushi Shimizu, Hirofumi Fujii, Daisuke Matsubara, Noriyuki Fukushima, Atsushi Miki, Misato Maeno, Alan Kawarai Lefor
BACKGROUND: Long-term term survival in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors has been reported, even in patients with metastatic disease. Metastases to the spleen are extremely rare, but have been reported from a number of primary malignancies, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, melanoma and ovarian cancer. This is the first report of a splenic metastasis from a primary pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient presented as a 53 years old white male with anemia and fatigue...
January 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
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