keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Care ethics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526169/the-second-victim-a-review
#1
REVIEW
B Coughlan, D Powell, M F Higgins
Amongst the lay and media population there is a perception that pregnancy, labour and delivery is always physiological, morbidity and mortality should be "never events" and that error is the only cause of adverse events. Those working in maternity care know that it is an imperfect art, where adverse outcomes and errors will occur. When errors do occur, there is a domino effect with three groups being involved - the patient (first victim), the staff (second victims) and the organization (third victims). If the perceived expectation of patients on all clinicians is that of perfection, then clinicians may suffer the consequences of adverse outcomes in isolation and silence...
June 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524616/how-to-implement-live-video-recording-in-the-clinical-environment-a-practical-guide-for-clinical-services
#2
Adam Lloyd, Alistair Dewar, Simon Edgar, Dave Caesar, Paul Gowens, Gareth Clegg
BACKGROUND: The use of video in healthcare is becoming more common, particularly in simulation and educational settings. However, video recording live episodes of clinical care is far less routine. AIM: To provide a practical guide for clinical services to embed live video recording. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Kotter's 8-step process for leading change, we provide a 'how to' guide to navigate the challenges required to implement a continuous video-audit system based on our experience of video recording in our emergency department resuscitation rooms...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524242/women-with-vulvodynia-awareness-and-knowledge-of-its-care-among-student-healthcare-staff
#3
Minna Törnävä, Meeri Koivula, Mika Helminen, Tarja Suominen
BACKGROUND: Many women with vulvodynia are women of fertile age, and this syndrome may cause many physical and psychosexual functional disorders. Women with vulvodynia often find that healthcare professionals seem to demonstrate a lack of awareness about the syndrome and its care. These issues have not been previously studied among student healthcare staff. AIM: To investigate awareness and knowledge about vulvodynia and its care among staff in the student healthcare sector in Finland...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523437/using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-working-model-that-enhances-psychiatric-nurses-professionalism-the-architecture-of-stability
#4
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Ward rules in psychiatric care aim to promote safety for both patients and staff. Simultaneously, ward rules are associated with increased patient violence, leading to neither a safe work environment nor a safe caring environment. Although ward rules are routinely used, few studies have explicitly accounted for their impact. To describe the process of a team development project considering ward rule issues, and to develop a working model to empower staff in their daily in-patient psychiatric nursing practices...
May 18, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523116/obstacles-and-problems-of-ethical-leadership-from-the-perspective-of-nursing-leaders-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#5
Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Tahereh Ashktorab, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh
In the nursing profession, leadership plays a significant role in creating motivation and thus enabling nurses to provide high quality care. Ethics is an essential component of leadership qualifications and the ethical leader can help create an ethical atmosphere, offer ethical guidance, and ensure the occupational satisfaction of personnel through prioritizing moralities. However, some issues prevent the implementation of this type of leadership by nursing leaders. The aim of this study was to identify and describe some problems and obstacles in ethical leadership faced by nursing leaders, and to help them achieve more accurate information and broader perspective in this field...
2017: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522743/forward-to-the-past-the-case-for-quantitative-pet-imaging
#6
Adriaan A Lammertsma
Positron emission tomography (PET) was developed in the 1970's as an in vivo method to measure regional pathophysiological processes. In the 1990's the focus moved to the detection of local increases in uptake, first in the brain (activation studies) and later in oncology (finding metastases), where (18)F-FDG emerged as a highly sensitive staging technique. This focus on sensitivity has overshadowed the other main characteristic of PET, its quantitative nature. In recent years there has been a new shift. PET is now seen as a promising tool for drug development and precision medicine, i...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521799/what-are-the-differences-among-occupational-groups-related-to-their-palliative-care-specific-educational-needs-and-intensity-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-long-term-care-homes
#7
S Kaasalainen, T Sussman, M Bui, N Akhtar-Danesh, R D Laporte, L McCleary, A Wickson Griffiths, K Brazil, D Parker, V Dal Bello-Haas, A Papaioannou, J O'Leary
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the differences across occupational groups related to their end-of-life care-specific educational needs and reported intensity of interprofessional collaboration in long-term care (LTC) homes. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, based on two questionnaires, was administered at four LTC homes in Ontario, Canada using a modified Dilman's approach. The first questionnaire, End of Life Professional Caregiver Survey, included three domains: patients and family-centered communication, cultural and ethical values, effective care delivery...
May 18, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515799/implementing-mindfulness-in-the-mainstream-making-the-path-by-walking-it
#8
Rebecca S Crane
There is expanding interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) within the mainstream. While there are research gaps, there is empirical evidence for these developments. Implementing new evidence into practice is always complex and difficult. Particular complexities and tensions arise when implementing MBPs in the mainstream. MBPs are emerging out of the confluence of different epistemologies-contemplative teaching and practice, and contemporary Western empiricism and culture. In the process of navigating implementation and integrity, and developing a professional practice context for this emerging field, the diverse influences within this confluence need careful attention and thought...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515603/correlation-of-serum-vitamin-d-level-with-mortality-in-patients-with-sepsis
#9
Prakash Vipul, Consul Shuchi, Agarwal Avinash, Gutch Manish, Kumar Sukriti, Prakash Ved
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is the leading cause of mortality in the critically ill. Recently, it has been found in many studies that many trace elements and nutrients do have an effect on human body and if supplemented can improve the prognosis in patients with sepsis. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Primary objective: Whether low Vitamin D is associated with mortality. Secondary objective: To find out association of low Vitamin D levels and morbidity in terms of length of hospital and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514534/anticipatory-vigilance-a-grounded-theory-study-of-minimising-risk-within-the-perioperative-setting
#10
Brid O' Brien, Tom Andrews, Eileen Savage
AIM: To explore and explain how nurses minimise risk in the perioperative setting. BACKGROUND: Perioperative nurses care for patients who are having surgery or other invasive explorative procedures. Perioperative care is increasingly focused on how to improve patient safety. Safety and risk management is a global priority for health services in reducing risk. Many studies have explored safety within the health care settings. However little is known about how nurses minimise risk in the perioperative setting...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514320/preoperative-warming-versus-no-preoperative-warming-for-maintenance-of-normothermia-in-women-receiving-intrathecal-morphine-for-cesarean-delivery-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Judy Munday, Sonya Osborne, Patsy Yates, David Sturgess, Lee Jones, Edward Gosden
BACKGROUND: Rates of hypothermia for women undergoing spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery are high and prevention is desirable. This trial compared the effectiveness of preoperative warming versus usual care among women receiving intrathecal morphine, which is thought to exacerbate perioperative heat loss. METHODS: A prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial compared 20 minutes of forced air warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) versus no active preoperative warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) in 50 healthy American Society of Anesthesiologists graded II women receiving intrathecal morphine as part of spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513968/the-views-of-ethics-committee-members-and-medical-researchers-on-the-return-of-individual-research-results-and-incidental-findings-ownership-issues-and-benefit-sharing-in-biobanking-research-in-a-south-indian-city
#12
Manjulika Vaz, Mario Vaz, Srinivasan K
The return of individual research results and incidental findings from biobanking research is a much debated ethical issue globally but has extensive relevance in India where the burden of out of pocket health care expenses is high for the majority. The views of 21 ethics committee (EC) members and 22 researchers from Bengaluru, India, concerning the ethics of biobanking research were sought through in-depth interviews using an unfolding case vignette with probes. A shared view among most was that individual research results which are 'actionable' or have 'clinical significance' should be returned to the sample contributors through their treating physicians...
May 17, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513850/small-prey-species-behaviour-and-welfare-implications-for-veterinary-professionals
#13
REVIEW
E Anne McBride
People have obligations to ensure the welfare of animals under their care. Offences under the UK Animal Welfare Act are acts, or failures of action, causing unnecessary suffering. Veterinary professionals need to be able to provide current, scientifically based prophylactic advice, and respect the limits of their expertise. The ethical concept of a life worth living and the Five Freedoms are core to welfare. Behaviour is a central component, both influencing and influenced by physical health. Owners frequently misunderstand the behaviour of small prey mammals and how to meet their needs...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510760/what-factors-hinder-the-decision-making-process-for-women-with-cancer-and-contemplating-fertility-preservation-treatment
#14
Georgina Jones, Jane Hughes, Neda Mahmoodi, Emily Smith, Jonathan Skull, William Ledger
BACKGROUND: Although fertility preservation (FP) treatment options have increased, the existing evidence suggests that many women with cancer do not feel well supported in making these decisions, but find them stressful and complex and fail to take up fertility care at this crucial time. Whilst existing reviews have all made important contributions to our understanding of the FP decision-making process, none of them examine solely and specifically these processes for women of reproductive age with a diagnosis of any cancer, leaving a gap in the knowledge base...
May 16, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507452/consulted-ethical-problems-of-clinical-nursing-practice-perspective-of-faculty-members-in-japan
#15
Mari Tsuruwaka
BACKGROUND: There are several studies that have targeted student nurses, but few have clarified the details pertaining to the specific ethical problems in clinical practice with the viewpoint of the nursing faculty. This study was to investigate the ethical problems in clinical practice reported by student nurses to Japanese nursing faculty members for the purpose of improving ethics education in clinical practice. METHOD: The subjects comprised 705 nursing faculty members (we sent three questionnaires to one university) who managed clinical practice education at 235 Japanese nursing universities...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506296/worlds-apart-a-scoping-review-addressing-different-stakeholder-perspectives-on-barriers-to-family-involvement-in-the-care-for-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
Elleke Landeweer, Bert Molewijk, Marit Helene Hem, Reidar Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence shows that family involvement (FI) can play a pivotal role in the coping and recovery of persons with severe mental illness (SMI). Nevertheless, various studies demonstrate that FI in mental healthcare services is often not (sufficiently) realized. In order to develop more insights, this scoping review gives an overview of how various stakeholders conceptualize, perceive and experience barriers to FI. Central questions are: 1) What are the main barriers to FI reported by the different key stakeholders (i...
May 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505696/-can-the-rule-of-rescue-be-rescued-a-comment-on-weyma-l%C3%A3-bbe-s-rule-of-rescue-vs-rescue-of-statistical-life
#17
Friedrich Breyer, Hartmut Kliemt
In her article "Rule of Rescue vs. Rescue of statistical lives" [1] Weyma Lübbe elevates gut feelings supporting the "rule of rescue" to "civic judgments". Without doubt in a constitutional democracy ultimately the judgments and aspirations of citizens must be decisive. Yet, particularly in the field of health policy, the bias to overemphasize what are closer rather than more remote, concrete rather than abstract consequences, should be counteracted not supported. The utility forgone by observing the "rule of rescue" in health care must be held against it...
May 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503833/moral-enhancement-meets-normative-and-empirical-reality-assessing-the-practical-feasibility-of-moral-enhancement-neurotechnologies
#18
Veljko Dubljević, Eric Racine
Moral enhancement refers to the possibility of making individuals and societies better from a moral standpoint. A fierce debate has emerged about the ethical aspects of moral enhancement, notably because steering moral enhancement in a particular direction involves choosing amongst a wide array of competing options, and these options entail deciding which moral theory or attributes of the moral agent would benefit from enhancement. Furthermore, the ability and effectiveness of different neurotechnologies to enhance morality have not been carefully examined...
June 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502219/towards-an-ethics-for-telehealth
#19
Carlo Botrugno
Over the last two decades, a public rationale for the implementation of telehealth has emerged at the interplay of specialised literature and political orientations. Despite the lack of consistent findings on the magnitude of its benefits, telehealth is nowadays presented as a worthy solution both for patients and healthcare institutions. Far from denying the potential advantages of telehealth, the main objective of this work is to provide a critical assessment on the spread of the remote services as a vector of positive transformation of contemporary health systems...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501812/integrating-culturally-informed-approaches-into-the-physiotherapy-assessment-and-treatment-of-chronic-pain-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Bernadette Brady, Irena Veljanova, Siobhan Schabrun, Lucinda Chipchase
INTRODUCTION: There is strong evidence that biopsychosocial approaches are efficacious in the management of chronic pain. However, implementation of these approaches in clinical practice is known not to account for the beliefs and values of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients. This limitation in translation of research contributes to the disparities in outcomes for CALD patients with chronic pain adding to the socioeconomic burden of this prevalent condition. Cultural adaptation of chronic pain assessment and management is urgently required...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
23182
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"