keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ethics of care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732221/atrophic-mandible-fractures-are-bone-grafts-necessary-an-update
#1
Jaime Castro-Núñez, Larry L Cunningham, Joseph E Van Sickels
PURPOSE: The management of atrophic mandibular fractures poses a challenge because of anatomic variations and medical comorbidities associated with elderly patients. The purpose of this article is to review and update the literature regarding the management of atrophic mandible fractures using load-bearing reconstruction plates placed without bone grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a review of the English-language literature looking for atrophic mandibular fractures with or without continuity defects and reconstruction without bone grafts...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731824/evolutionary-scenarios-and-primate-natural-history
#2
Harry W Greene
Scenarios summarize evolutionary patterns and processes by interpreting organismal traits and their natural history correlates in a phylogenetic context. They are constructed by (1) describing phenotypes (including physiology and behavior), ideally with attention to formative roles of development, experience, and culture; (2) inferring homologies, homoplasies, ancestral character states, and their transformations with phylogenetic analyses; and (3) integrating those components with ecological and other ancillary data...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730736/the-importance-of-moral-emotions-for-effective-collaboration-in-culturally-diverse-healthcare-teams
#3
Catherine Cook, Margaret Brunton
Moral emotions shape the effectiveness of culturally diverse teams. However, these emotions, which are integral to determining ethically responsive patient care and team relationships, typically go unrecognised. The contribution of emotions to moral deliberation is subjugated within the technorational environment of healthcare decision-making. Contemporary healthcare organisations rely on a multicultural workforce charged with the ethical care of vulnerable people. Limited extant literature examines the role of moral emotions in ethical decision-making among culturally diverse healthcare teams...
July 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730518/the-case-for-enrolling-high-cost-patients-in-an-aco
#4
Abraham Graber, Shane Carter, Asha Bhandary, Matthew Rizzo
Though accountable care organizations (ACOs) are increasingly important to American healthcare, ethical inquiry into ACOs remains in its nascent stages. Several articles have raised the concern that ACOs have an incentive to avoid enrolling high-cost patients and, thereby, have an incentive to deny care to those who need it the most. This concern is borne out by the reports of consultants working with newly formed ACOs. This paper argues that, contra initial appearances, there is no financial incentive for ACOs to avoid enrolling high-cost patients...
July 20, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730421/-documentation-of-decisions-to-withhold-or-withdraw-life-sustaining-therapies-recommendation-of-the-ethics-section-of-the-german-interdisciplinary-association-of-critical-care-and-emergency-medicine-divi-in-collaboration-with-the-ethics-section-of-the-german
#5
REVIEW
G Neitzke, B Böll, H Burchardi, K Dannenberg, G Duttge, R Erchinger, P Gretenkort, C Hartog, K Knochel, M Liebig, A Michalsen, G Michels, M Mohr, F Nauck, P Radke, F Salomon, H Stopfkuchen, U Janssens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729319/accelerated-enhanced-recovery-following-minimally-invasive-colorectal-cancer-surgery-recovermi-a-study-protocol-for-a-novel-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Brandee A Price, Brian K Bednarski, Y Nancy You, Meryna Manandhar, E Michelle Dean, Zeinab M Alawadi, B Bryce Speer, Vijaya Gottumukkala, Marla Weldon, Robert L Massey, Xuemei Wang, Wei Qiao, George J Chang
INTRODUCTION: Definitive treatment of localised colorectal cancer involves surgical resection of the primary tumour. Short-stay colectomies (eg, 23-hours) would have important implications for optimising the efficiency of inpatient care with reduced resource utilisation while improving the overall recovery experience with earlier return to normalcy. It could permit surgical treatment of colorectal cancer in a wider variety of settings, including hospital-based ambulatory surgery environments...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729310/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-caries-experience-care-level-and-dental-attendance-in-primary-school-children-in-belgium-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Martijn J Lambert, Jacques S N Vanobbergen, Luc C Martens, Luc M J De Visschere
OBJECTIVES: Oral health inequality in children is a widespread and well-documented problem in oral healthcare. However, objective and reliable methods to determine these inequalities in all oral health aspects, including both dental attendance and oral health, are rather scarce. AIMS: To explore oral health inequalities and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on oral health, oral health behaviour and dental compliance of primary school children. METHODS: Data collection was executed in 2014 within a sample of 2216 children in 105 primary schools in Flanders, by means of an oral examination and a validated questionnaire...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729309/the-role-of-a-decision-support-smartphone-application-in-enhancing-community-health-volunteers-effectiveness-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-in-nairobi-kenya-quasi-experimental-research-protocol
#8
Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Milka Omuya, Abdhalah K Ziraba, Catherine Kyobutungi
INTRODUCTION: Improving maternal and newborn survival remains major aspirations for many countries in the Global South. Slum settlements, a result of rapid urbanisation in many developing countries including Kenya, exhibit high levels of maternal and neonatal mortality. There are limited referral mechanisms for sick neonates and their mothers from the community to healthcare facilities with ability to provide adequate care. In this study, we specifically plan to develop and assess the added value of having community health volunteers (CHVs) use smartphones to identify and track mothers and children in a bid to reduce pregnancy-related complications and newborn deaths in the urban slums of Kamukunji subcounty in Nairobi, Kenya...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#9
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#10
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725288/views-of-caregivers-on-the-ethics-of-assistive-technology-used-for-home-surveillance-of-people-living-with-dementia
#11
Maurice Mulvenna, Anton Hutton, Vivien Coates, Suzanne Martin, Stephen Todd, Raymond Bond, Anne Moorhead
This paper examines the ethics of using assistive technology such as video surveillance in the homes of people living with dementia. Ideation and concept elaboration around the introduction of a camera-based surveillance service in the homes of people with dementia, typically living alone, is explored. The paper reviews relevant literature on surveillance of people living with dementia, and summarises the findings from ideation and concept elaboration workshops, designed to capture the views of those involved in the care of people living with dementia at home...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723997/access-to-health-care-as-a-human-right-in-international-policy-critical-reflections-and-contemporary-challenges
#12
Camilo Hernán Manchola Castillo, Volnei Garrafa, Thiago Cunha, Fernando Hellmann
Using the United Nations (UN) and its subordinate body, the World Health Organization (WHO), as a frame of reference, this article explores access to healthcare as a human right in international intergovernmental policies. First, we look at how the theme of health is treated within the UN, focusing on the concept of global health. We then discuss the concept of global health from a human rights perspective and go on to outline the debate surrounding universal coverage versus universal access as a human right, addressing some important ethical questions...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721178/global-reproductive-health-why-do-we-persist-in-neglecting-the-undeniable-problem-of-childlessness-in-resource-poor-countries
#13
EDITORIAL
W Ombelet, J Goossens
The consequences of involuntary childlessness in developing countries create more wide-ranging societal problems compared to Western societies, particularly for women. Negative psychosocial and economical consequences for childless couples are often severe and underestimated by the local and international society. Infertility treatment is often limited to certain procedures and certain costumers. Most common arguments against supporting infertility care in resource-poor countries are the "overpopulation" and the "limited resources" argument, but they totally neglect the reproductive rights and systematic exclusion of millions of women from the right to reproduce...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721119/educational-challenges-faced-by-international-medical-graduates-in-the-uk
#14
Ahmed Hashim
INTRODUCTION: International medical graduates (IMGs) in the UK constitute approximately one-quarter of the total number of doctors registered in the General Medical Council (GMC). The transition of IMGs into the health care system in the UK is accompanied by significant sociocultural and educational challenges. This study aims to explore the views of IMGs in medical training on the educational challenges they face. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Kent, Surrey and Sussex region in 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721113/telehealth-and-ehealth-in-nurse-practitioner-training-current-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Carolyn M Rutledge, Karen Kott, Patty A Schweickert, Rebecca Poston, Christianne Fowler, Tina S Haney
Telehealth is becoming a vital process for providing access to cost-effective quality care to patients at a distance. As such, it is important for nurse practitioners, often the primary providers for rural and disadvantaged populations, to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to utilize telehealth technologies in practice. In reviewing the literature, very little information was found on programs that addressed nurse practitioner training in telehealth. This article provides an overview of both the topics and the techniques that have been utilized for training nurse practitioners and nurse practitioner students in the delivery of care utilizing telehealth...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720617/protocol-for-an-online-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-peer-supported-self-management-intervention-for-relatives-of-people-with-psychosis-or-bipolar-disorder-relatives-education-and-coping-toolkit-react
#16
Fiona Lobban, Heather Robinson, Duncan Appelbe, Johanna Barraclough, Emma Bedson, Lizzie Collinge, Susanna Dodd, Sue Flowers, Mahsa Honary, Sonia Johnson, Ceu Mateus, Barbara Mezes, Valerie Minns, Elizabeth Murray, Andrew Walker, Paula Williamson, Catherine Wintermeyer, Steven Jones
INTRODUCTION: Despite clinical guidelines recommendations, many relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder do not currently receive the support they need. Online information and support may offer a solution. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This single-blind, parallel, online randomised controlled trial will determine clinical and cost-effectiveness of the Relatives Education And Coping Toolkit (REACT) (including an online resource directory (RD)), compared with RD only, for relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720322/rodent-large-animal-and-non-human-primate-models-of-spinal-cord-injury
#17
REVIEW
Raffaele Nardone, Cristina Florea, Yvonne Höller, Francesco Brigo, Viviana Versace, Piergiorgio Lochner, Stefan Golaszewski, Eugen Trinka
In this narrative review we aimed to assess the usefulness of the different animal models in identifying injury mechanisms and developing therapies for humans suffering from spinal cord injury (SCI). Results obtained from rodent studies are useful but, due to the anatomical, molecular and functional differences, confirmation of these findings in large animals or non-human primates may lead to basic discoveries that cannot be made in rodent models and that are more useful for developing treatment strategies in humans...
June 21, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720235/self-efficacy-and-self-care-behaviours-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Melba Sheila D'Souza, Subrahmanya Nairy Karkada, Kader Parahoo, Ramesh Venkatesaperumal, Susan Achora, Arcalyd Rose R Cayaban
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has an impact on an individuals' health and is influenced by glycemic control. AIM: To examine the relationship between glycemic control, demographic and clinical factors on self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with T2DM. DESIGN: A correlational, descriptive study was used. One hundred and forty Omani adults with T2DM were recruited from a public hospital. METHODS: Data on self-efficacy, self-care behaviours and glycemic control were collected between April and July 2016...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720039/the-revamp-trial-to-evaluate-hiv-resistance-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-case-study-in-clinical-trial-design-in-resource-limited-settings-to-optimize-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-estimates
#19
Mark J Siedner, Mwebesa B Bwana, Mahomed-Yunus S Moosa, Michelle Paul, Selvan Pillay, Suzanne McCluskey, Isaac Aturinda, Kevin Ard, Winnie Muyindike, Pravikrishnen Moodley, Jaysingh Brijkumar, Tamlyn Rautenberg, Gavin George, Brent Johnson, Rajesh T Gandhi, Henry Sunpath, Vincent C Marconi
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, rates of sustained HIV virologic suppression remain below international goals. HIV resistance testing, while common in resource-rich settings, has not gained traction due to concerns about cost and sustainability. OBJECTIVE: We designed a randomized clinical trial to determine the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of routine HIV resistance testing in sub-Saharan Africa. APPROACH: We describe challenges common to intervention studies in resource-limited settings, and strategies used to address them, including: (1) optimizing generalizability and cost-effectiveness estimates to promote transition from study results to policy; (2) minimizing bias due to patient attrition; and (3) addressing ethical issues related to enrollment of pregnant women...
July 18, 2017: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718349/relationship-between-moral-distress-and-ethical-climate-with-job-satisfaction-in-nurses
#20
Sharareh Asgari, Vida Shafipour, Zohreh Taraghi, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati
BACKGROUND: Moral distress and ethical climate are important issues in the workplace that appear to affect people's quality of work life. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the relationship of moral distress and ethical climate to job satisfaction in critical care nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-correlation study was conducted on 142 critical care nurses, selected from five social security hospitals in north Iran through census sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
keyword
keyword
23181
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"