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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919833/conventional-culture-versus-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-for-screening-of-urethral-neisseria-gonorrhea-infection-among-asymptomatic-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Jiratha Budkaew, Bandit Chumworathayi, Chamsai Pientong, Tipaya Ekalaksananan
BACKGROUND: Many methods are used to detect urethral Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) infection among asymptomatic men who have sex with men (MSM). The objective of this study was to define the performance of conventional culture compared to real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of asymptomatic urethral gonorrhea among MSM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 147 clinical specimens for NG testing from asymptomatic participants were evaluated. MSM >18 years old who consented to undergo urethral swab and collection of urine samples from two clinics (one was the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) mobile clinic and the second was the antiretroviral clinic) located in Khon Kaen, Thailand, were recruited...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904544/changing-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-vulnerable-women-a-qualitative-study
#2
Zahra Boroumandfar, Masoud Kianpour, Ali Zargham, Samereh Abdoli, Katayoun Tayeri, Mehrdad Salehi, Godratollah Momeni, Farzin Khorvash
BACKGROUND: The first step in health education is awareness of the people and their acceptance to change their behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of empowerment program towards the concept of self-care and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women at risk of STDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a qualitative approach (step of action and observation of an action) by using conventional content analysis method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903180/diamine-derivative-anti-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-anti-tritrichomonas-foetus-activities-by-effect-on-polyamine-metabolism
#3
Graziela Vargas Rigo, Márcia Rodrigues Trein, Danielle da Silva Trentin, Alexandre José Macedo, Bruno Assis de Oliveira, Angelina Maria de Almeida, Raquel Brandt Giordani, Mauro Vieira de Almeida, Tiana Tasca
Human and bovine trichomoniasis are sexually transmitted diseases (STD) caused by Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus, respectively. Human trichomoniasis is the most common non-viral STD in the world and bovine trichomoniasis causes significant economic losses to breeders. Considering the significant impact of the infections caused by these protozoa and the treatment failures, the search for new therapeutic alternatives becomes crucial. In this study the effect of diamines and amino alcohols in the in vitro viability of trichomonads was evaluated...
September 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893492/rural-counties-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-rates-in-pennsylvania-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
Casey N Pinto, Lorah D Dorn, Vernon M Chinchilli, Ping Du, Guangqing Chi
BACKGROUND: American adolescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 account for 50% of all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) annually. Rural populations in this age group are often understudied, despite having factors that place them at higher risk for STDs. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of time series analysis in the assessment of rural Pennsylvania county-level chlamydia and gonorrhea rates overtime (2004-2014) for 15- to 19- and 20- to 24-year-old age groups by gender...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886262/effectiveness-of-antibiotic-treatment-in-infertile-patients-with-sterile-leukocytospermia-induced-by-tobacco-use
#5
Bogdan Pajovic, Ljiljana Pajovic, Marko Vukovic
Our study investigated whether antibiotic therapy in infertile tobacco users with sterile leukocytospermia and a history of former sexual transmitted disease (STD) has an advantage over cessation of smoking alone. For this study, 80 male infertile smokers were divided into two subgroups. The first group numbered 40 patients treated with a two week course of doxycycline, 100 mg, twice daily, while the second group simply ceased smoking. A control group of 20 patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis (CPPS III a) were treated with the same antibiotic for two weeks...
September 8, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882681/provider-communication-with-adolescent-and-young-females-during-sexual-and-reproductive-health-visits-findings-from-the-2011-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#6
Nicole Liddon, Riley J Steiner, Gladys M Martinez
OBJECTIVE: National guidelines advise providers to counsel patients about contraception and condom use during sexual and reproductive health care visits. This study assesses provider communication with adolescent and young women about birth control, emergency contraception, and condoms during such visits. STUDY DESIGN: Using data from sexually active 15-24year old women participating in the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined prevalence of provider communication about birth control, emergency contraception and condoms when receiving other sexual and reproductive health services in the past year...
September 4, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880917/analysis-of-hiv-prevalence-among-pregnant-women-in-liangshan-prefecture-china-from-2009-to-2015
#7
Shujuan Yang, Chao Yang, Qiang Liao, Wenwen Zhai, Gang Yu, Lin Xiao, Qixing Wang, Yuhan Gong, Suhua Zhang, Yongna Yao, Ke Wang, Ju Wang, Shaochao Bian, Qian Liu
BACKGROUND: Yi people make up about 50% of the population in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China, but accounted for 88.07% of new HIV cases in the prefecture from 2011 to 2013. This study evaluated HIV prevalence in pregnant women of Liangshan Prefecture using HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) data over the period of 2009 to 2015. METHODS: Xichang, Zhaojue County, and Butuo County were selected as HSS sites. We investigated the temporal trends in HIV prevalence in these areas, and the association between demographic and behavioral characteristics and risk of HIV infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876320/understanding-the-effects-of-forced-sex-on-sexually-transmitted-disease-acquisition-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-care-findings-from-the-national-survey-of-family-growth-2011-2013
#8
Kathryn A Brookmeyer, Oscar Beltran, Neetu Abad
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence for heightened sexually transmitted disease (STD) acquisition among women who experienced sexual violence, little is known about their patterns of STD testing, STD diagnosis, and STD treatment. METHODS: Data was drawn from cycle eight of the National Survey of Family Growth (2011-2013). Logistic regression analyses used SUDAAN to examine the link between forced sex and risky sexual behavior as well as forced sex and STD testing, diagnoses, treatment, and connection to care...
June 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876317/cervical-cancer-screening-and-prevention-in-78-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-united-states-2014-2015
#9
Emily McGinnis, Beth E Meyerson, Elissa Meites, Mona Saraiya, Rebecca Griesse, Emily Snoek, Laura Haderxhanaj, Lauri E Markowitz, William Smith
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections cause approximately 30,700 cancers annually among US men and women, cervical cancer being the most common. Human papillomavirus vaccination is recommended routinely for US girls and boys at age 11 to 12 years, and for those not previously vaccinated, through age 26 and 21 years for women and men, respectively. Our objective was to assess current cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination practices among sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in the United States...
June 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876297/what-s-in-a-name-perceptions-of-the-terms-sexually-transmitted-disease-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-among-late-adolescents
#10
Alyssa M Lederer, Elizabeth E Laing
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift from using the term sexually transmitted disease (STD) to sexually transmitted infection (STI), primarily based on conjecture that STI is less stigmatizing. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding how the public actually perceives these terms. METHODS: Students at a Midwestern university participated in an online survey and were randomized to the open-ended question "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted disease (STD)?" (n = 205) or "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted infection (STI)?" (n = 208)...
July 31, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876293/the-spatial-association-between-federally-qualified-health-centers-and-county-level-reported-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-spatial-regression-approach
#11
Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Jami S Leichliter, Raul A Romaguera
BACKGROUND: The number of categorical sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics is declining in the United States. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) have the potential to supplement the needed sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. In this study, we describe the spatial distribution of FQHC sites and determine if reported county-level nonviral STI morbidity were associated with having FQHC(s) using spatial regression techniques. METHODS: We extracted map data from the Health Resources and Services Administration data warehouse on FQHCs (ie, geocoded health care service delivery [HCSD] sites) and extracted county-level data on the reported rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea and, primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis (2008-2012) from surveillance data...
August 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871927/sociodemographic-sexual-behavior-and-microbiological-profiles-of-men-attending-public-health-laboratories-for-testing-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases
#12
Mario Sviben, Sunčanica Ljubin-Sternak, Tomislav Meštrović, Jasmina Vraneš
In order to identify the groups at risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), we assessed the sociodemographic profiles of men testing for STD, their sexual habits, and the results of microbiological analysis. During a three-year period, a total of 700 men older than 18 years of age completed the questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and sexual behavior. Urethral swabs were taken for microbiological analysis. Thirty-three percent of respondents reported not using condoms. Those that do not use condoms were predominantly less educated, unmarried but in steady relationships, employed, with children, and smokers...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871924/comparison-of-doxycycline-and-benzathine-penicillin-g-for-the-treatment-of-early-syphilis
#13
Hailu Xiao, Dianchang Liu, Zhen Li, Rongtao Zheng, Zhongwei Li, Jianling Hou, Shengjia Zhang, Tongsheng Chu, Hongqing Tian, Furen Zhang
Doxycycline is the preferred recommended second-line treatment for the treatment of early syphilis. Recent reports showed a declining efficacy trend of doxycycline in treatment of early syphilis. The aim of our study was to assess the serological response to the treatment for early syphilis with doxycycline compared with benzathine penicillin G and evaluate whether doxycycline is still an effective agent for the treatment of early syphilis. A record-based retrospective study was conducted. Patients were diagnosed with early syphilis in an sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854574/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-targeting-sexual-communication-skills
#14
L Widman, C E Golin, K Kamke, J Massey, M J Prinstein
Adolescent girls are at substantial risk of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. To reduce these risks, we developed Health Education And Relationship Training (HEART), a web-based intervention focused on developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of this new program and examined if perceived acceptability varied according to participant ethnicity, sexual orientation or sexual activity status. Participants were part of a randomized controlled trial of 222 10th-grade girls (Mage = 15...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837587/the-current-status-of-syphilis-prevention-and-control-in-jiangsu-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Yuan-Fang Chen, Jian-Ping Ding, Hong-Jing Yan, Jing Lu, Ping Ding, Guo-Hong Chen, Jian-Jun Li, Xi-Ping Huan, Hai-Tao Yang, Wei-Ming Tang, Geng-Feng Fu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the midterm evaluation data from the National Syphilis Prevention and Control Plan (2010-2020) and evaluate the current status of syphilis prevention and control in Jiangsu province, China. METHODS: We collected data via (1) field surveys conducted in 2015 and (2) data recorded in existing syphilis surveillance systems. We conducted descriptive statistical analysis to evaluate the current landscape of syphilis control initiatives and their potential effect in syphilis control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837003/a-national-strategic-plan-for-reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-israel-by-the-year-2025
#16
Daniel Chemtob, Dan Gandacu, Zohar Mor, Itamar Grotto, Emilia Anis, Elliot Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: There is on ongoing debate in the literature regarding the real burden of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) in Western countries and the proper strategies needed to estimate and to prevent them. Our purpose is to present an evidence-based national strategic plan for STI prevention in Israel through assessing the current burden of illness, leading international preventive strategies, and practical policymaking experience. METHODS: Epidemiologic and health policy data on STIs were analyzed from various sources: a) systematic national surveillance data for the years 2002-2014; b) the international scientific literature (published between 2002-16; keywords: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) (or STI) AND prevention AND intervention AND gonorrhea OR chlamydia OR syphilis; c) internal Ministry of Health (MOH) analyses and reports, and d) expert opinion...
April 19, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829952/degradable-bioadhesive-nanoparticles-for-prolonged-intravaginal-delivery-and-retention-of-elvitegravir
#17
Muneeb Mohideen, Elias Quijano, Eric Song, Yang Deng, Gauri Panse, Wei Zhang, Meredith R Clark, W Mark Saltzman
New methods for long-lasting protection against sexually transmitted disease, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are needed to help reduce the severity of STD epidemics, especially in developing countries. Intravaginal delivery of therapeutics has emerged as a promising strategy to provide women with local protection, but residence times of such agents are greatly reduced by the protective mucus layer, fluctuating hormone cycle, and complex anatomical structure of the reproductive tract. Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) capable of encapsulating the desired cargo, penetrating through the mucosal surfaces, and delivering agents to the site of action have been explored...
November 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809775/evaluation-of-an-automated-express-care-triage-model-to-identify-clinically-relevant-cases-in-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic
#18
Laura C Chambers, Lisa E Manhart, David A Katz, Matthew R Golden, Lindley A Barbee, Julia C Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Many sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics offer testing-only "express" visits. We evaluated the express care triage algorithm that is based on a computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) used in the Public Health-Seattle and King County STD Clinic. METHODS: During the analysis period, patients received a clinician evaluation irrespective of triage status. In this cross-sectional study, we compared the algorithm triage status to a disease-focused outcome determined by medical record review...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809767/using-reported-rates-of-sexually-transmitted-diseases-to-illustrate-potential-methodological-issues-in-the-measurement-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities
#19
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Kyle T Bernstein, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in the burden of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have been documented and described for decades. Similarly, methodological issues and limitations in the use of disparity measures to quantify disparities in health have also been well documented. The purpose of this study was to use historic STD surveillance data to illustrate four of the most well-known methodological issues associated with the use of disparity measures. METHODS: We manually searched STD surveillance reports to find examples of racial/ethnic distributions of reported STDs that illustrate key methodological issues in the use of disparity measures...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793341/effects-of-implementing-the-act-of-prohibition-on-sex-trafficking-on-female-sex-workers-sexually-transmitted-infections
#20
Minsoo Jung
This study investigated the effect of implementing the act of prohibition on sex trafficking (PST) on sexually transmitted disease (STD) infections among South Korean female sex workers (FSWs) working at prostitution blocks. Research data were collected twice through the Korean government-sanctioned survey for female sex workers (1st wave = 1,083; 2nd wave = 926). We examined the associations among health behavior, working conditions, and the effect of PST act via hierarchical logistic regression analyses using propensity score matching...
2017: PloS One
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