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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-receipt-among-young-males-aged-15-24
#1
Arik V Marcell, Susannah E Gibbs, Nanlesta A Pilgrim, Kathleen R Page, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Jacky M Jennings, Penny S Loosier, Patricia J Dittus
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe young men's sexual and reproductive health care (SRHC) receipt by sexual behavior and factors associated with greater SRHC receipt. METHODS: There were 427 male patients aged 15-24 who were recruited from 3 primary care and 2 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in 1 urban city. Immediately after the visit, the survey assessed receipt of 18 recommended SRHC services across four domains: screening history (sexual health, STD/HIV test, family planning); laboratories (STDs/HIV); condom products (condoms/lubrication); and counseling (STD/HIV risk reduction, family planning, condoms); in addition, demographic, sexual behavior, and visit characteristics were examined...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084044/evolving-models-and-ongoing-challenges-for-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-implementation-in-the-united-states
#2
Kenneth H Mayer, Philip A Chan, Rupa Patel, Charlene A Flash, Douglas S Krakower
BACKGROUND: The use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention was approved by the FDA in 2012, but delivery to at risk persons has lagged. This critical review analyzes the current state of PrEP implementation in the US, by reviewing barriers, and innovative solutions, to enhanced PrEP access and uptake. SETTING: Clinical care settings, public health progrlams and community-based organizations (CBOs). METHODS: Critical review of recent peer-reviewed literature...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073129/receipt-of-selected-preventive-health-services-for-women-and-men-of-reproductive-age-united-states-2011-2013
#3
Karen Pazol, Cheryl L Robbins, Lindsey I Black, Katherine A Ahrens, Kimberly Daniels, Anjani Chandra, Anjel Vahratian, Lorrie E Gavin
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Receipt of key preventive health services among women and men of reproductive age (i.e., 15-44 years) can help them achieve their desired number and spacing of healthy children and improve their overall health. The 2014 publication Providing Quality Family Planning Services: Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs (QFP) establishes standards for providing a core set of preventive services to promote these goals. These services include contraceptive care for persons seeking to prevent or delay pregnancy, pregnancy testing and counseling, basic infertility services for those seeking to achieve pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, and other preconception care and related preventive health services...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991940/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-often-missed-in-primary-care
#4
Adrienne A Williams
DeSean W, a 47-year-old man, returned to his primary care clinic with a new complaint of epigastric burning that had been bothering him for the past 4 months. He had tried several over-the-counter remedies, which provided no relief. He also remained concerned--despite assurances to the contrary at previous clinic visits--that he had contracted a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) after going to a bar one night 4 to 5 months ago. At 2 other clinic visits since that time, STD test results were negative. At this current visit, symptoms and details of sexual history were unchanged since the last visit, with the exception of the epigastric pain...
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980376/hepatitis-a-outbreak-in-barcelona-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-january-june-2017-a-hospital-perspective
#5
Sergio Rodríguez-Tajes, Elena Perpiñán, Berta Caballol, Sabela Lens, Zoe Mariño, Josep Costa, Anna Vilella, Sofía Pérez-Del-Pulgar, Xavier Forns, George Koutsoudakis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute hepatitis A is transmitted mainly via the fecal-oral route and/or contaminated aliment. Furthermore, several outbreaks in the men who have sex with men (MSM) population classified hepatitis A as a sexually transmitted disease (STD). We aimed to clarify an ongoing hepatitis A outbreak in Barcelona with respect to patients' characteristics and viral phylogenetic analysis. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 46 cases of hepatitis A infection that were registered in our hospital between January and June 2017...
October 4, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919833/conventional-culture-versus-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-for-screening-of-urethral-neisseria-gonorrhea-infection-among-asymptomatic-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Jiratha Budkaew, Bandit Chumworathayi, Chamsai Pientong, Tipaya Ekalaksananan
BACKGROUND: Many methods are used to detect urethral Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) infection among asymptomatic men who have sex with men (MSM). The objective of this study was to define the performance of conventional culture compared to real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of asymptomatic urethral gonorrhea among MSM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 147 clinical specimens for NG testing from asymptomatic participants were evaluated. MSM >18 years old who consented to undergo urethral swab and collection of urine samples from two clinics (one was the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) mobile clinic and the second was the antiretroviral clinic) located in Khon Kaen, Thailand, were recruited...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904544/changing-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-vulnerable-women-a-qualitative-study
#7
Zahra Boroumandfar, Masoud Kianpour, Ali Zargham, Samereh Abdoli, Katayoun Tayeri, Mehrdad Salehi, Godratollah Momeni, Farzin Khorvash
BACKGROUND: The first step in health education is awareness of the people and their acceptance to change their behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of empowerment program towards the concept of self-care and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women at risk of STDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a qualitative approach (step of action and observation of an action) by using conventional content analysis method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903180/diamine-derivative-anti-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-anti-tritrichomonas-foetus-activities-by-effect-on-polyamine-metabolism
#8
Graziela Vargas Rigo, Márcia Rodrigues Trein, Danielle da Silva Trentin, Alexandre José Macedo, Bruno Assis de Oliveira, Angelina Maria de Almeida, Raquel Brandt Giordani, Mauro Vieira de Almeida, Tiana Tasca
Human and bovine trichomoniasis are sexually transmitted diseases (STD) caused by Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus, respectively. Human trichomoniasis is the most common non-viral STD in the world and bovine trichomoniasis causes significant economic losses to breeders. Considering the significant impact of the infections caused by these protozoa and the treatment failures, the search for new therapeutic alternatives becomes crucial. In this study the effect of diamines and amino alcohols in the in vitro viability of trichomonads was evaluated...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893492/rural-counties-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-rates-in-pennsylvania-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#9
Casey N Pinto, Lorah D Dorn, Vernon M Chinchilli, Ping Du, Guangqing Chi
BACKGROUND: American adolescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 account for 50% of all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) annually. Rural populations in this age group are often understudied, despite having factors that place them at higher risk for STDs. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of time series analysis in the assessment of rural Pennsylvania county-level chlamydia and gonorrhea rates overtime (2004-2014) for 15- to 19- and 20- to 24-year-old age groups by gender...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886262/effectiveness-of-antibiotic-treatment-in-infertile-patients-with-sterile-leukocytospermia-induced-by-tobacco-use
#10
Bogdan Pajovic, Ljiljana Pajovic, Marko Vukovic
Our study investigated whether antibiotic therapy in infertile tobacco users with sterile leukocytospermia and a history of former sexual transmitted disease (STD) has an advantage over cessation of smoking alone. For this study, 80 male infertile smokers were divided into two subgroups. The first group numbered 40 patients treated with a two week course of doxycycline, 100 mg, twice daily, while the second group simply ceased smoking. A control group of 20 patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis (CPPS III a) were treated with the same antibiotic for two weeks...
September 8, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882681/provider-communication-with-adolescent-and-young-females-during-sexual-and-reproductive-health-visits-findings-from-the-2011-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#11
Nicole Liddon, Riley J Steiner, Gladys M Martinez
OBJECTIVE: National guidelines advise providers to counsel patients about contraception and condom use during sexual and reproductive health care visits. This study assesses provider communication with adolescent and young women about birth control, emergency contraception, and condoms during such visits. STUDY DESIGN: Using data from sexually active 15-24year old women participating in the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined prevalence of provider communication about birth control, emergency contraception and condoms when receiving other sexual and reproductive health services in the past year...
September 4, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880917/analysis-of-hiv-prevalence-among-pregnant-women-in-liangshan-prefecture-china-from-2009-to-2015
#12
Shujuan Yang, Chao Yang, Qiang Liao, Wenwen Zhai, Gang Yu, Lin Xiao, Qixing Wang, Yuhan Gong, Suhua Zhang, Yongna Yao, Ke Wang, Ju Wang, Shaochao Bian, Qian Liu
BACKGROUND: Yi people make up about 50% of the population in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China, but accounted for 88.07% of new HIV cases in the prefecture from 2011 to 2013. This study evaluated HIV prevalence in pregnant women of Liangshan Prefecture using HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) data over the period of 2009 to 2015. METHODS: Xichang, Zhaojue County, and Butuo County were selected as HSS sites. We investigated the temporal trends in HIV prevalence in these areas, and the association between demographic and behavioral characteristics and risk of HIV infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876320/understanding-the-effects-of-forced-sex-on-sexually-transmitted-disease-acquisition-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-care-findings-from-the-national-survey-of-family-growth-2011-2013
#13
Kathryn A Brookmeyer, Oscar Beltran, Neetu Abad
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence for heightened sexually transmitted disease (STD) acquisition among women who experienced sexual violence, little is known about their patterns of STD testing, STD diagnosis, and STD treatment. METHODS: Data was drawn from cycle eight of the National Survey of Family Growth (2011-2013). Logistic regression analyses used SUDAAN to examine the link between forced sex and risky sexual behavior as well as forced sex and STD testing, diagnoses, treatment, and connection to care...
June 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876317/cervical-cancer-screening-and-prevention-in-78-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-united-states-2014-2015
#14
Emily McGinnis, Beth E Meyerson, Elissa Meites, Mona Saraiya, Rebecca Griesse, Emily Snoek, Laura Haderxhanaj, Lauri E Markowitz, William Smith
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections cause approximately 30,700 cancers annually among US men and women, cervical cancer being the most common. Human papillomavirus vaccination is recommended routinely for US girls and boys at age 11 to 12 years, and for those not previously vaccinated, through age 26 and 21 years for women and men, respectively. Our objective was to assess current cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination practices among sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in the United States...
October 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876297/what-s-in-a-name-perceptions-of-the-terms-sexually-transmitted-disease-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-among-late-adolescents
#15
Alyssa M Lederer, Elizabeth E Laing
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift from using the term sexually transmitted disease (STD) to sexually transmitted infection (STI), primarily based on conjecture that STI is less stigmatizing. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding how the public actually perceives these terms. METHODS: Students at a Midwestern university participated in an online survey and were randomized to the open-ended question "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted disease (STD)?" (n = 205) or "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted infection (STI)?" (n = 208)...
November 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876293/the-spatial-association-between-federally-qualified-health-centers-and-county-level-reported-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-spatial-regression-approach
#16
Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Jami S Leichliter, Raul A Romaguera
BACKGROUND: The number of categorical sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics is declining in the United States. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) have the potential to supplement the needed sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. In this study, we describe the spatial distribution of FQHC sites and determine if reported county-level nonviral STI morbidity were associated with having FQHC(s) using spatial regression techniques. METHODS: We extracted map data from the Health Resources and Services Administration data warehouse on FQHCs (ie, geocoded health care service delivery [HCSD] sites) and extracted county-level data on the reported rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea and, primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis (2008-2012) from surveillance data...
August 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871927/sociodemographic-sexual-behavior-and-microbiological-profiles-of-men-attending-public-health-laboratories-for-testing-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases
#17
Mario Sviben, Sunčanica Ljubin-Sternak, Tomislav Meštrović, Jasmina Vraneš
In order to identify the groups at risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), we assessed the sociodemographic profiles of men testing for STD, their sexual habits, and the results of microbiological analysis. During a three-year period, a total of 700 men older than 18 years of age completed the questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and sexual behavior. Urethral swabs were taken for microbiological analysis. Thirty-three percent of respondents reported not using condoms. Those that do not use condoms were predominantly less educated, unmarried but in steady relationships, employed, with children, and smokers...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871924/comparison-of-doxycycline-and-benzathine-penicillin-g-for-the-treatment-of-early-syphilis
#18
Hailu Xiao, Dianchang Liu, Zhen Li, Rongtao Zheng, Zhongwei Li, Jianling Hou, Shengjia Zhang, Tongsheng Chu, Hongqing Tian, Furen Zhang
Doxycycline is the preferred recommended second-line treatment for the treatment of early syphilis. Recent reports showed a declining efficacy trend of doxycycline in treatment of early syphilis. The aim of our study was to assess the serological response to the treatment for early syphilis with doxycycline compared with benzathine penicillin G and evaluate whether doxycycline is still an effective agent for the treatment of early syphilis. A record-based retrospective study was conducted. Patients were diagnosed with early syphilis in an sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854574/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-targeting-sexual-communication-skills
#19
L Widman, C E Golin, K Kamke, J Massey, M J Prinstein
Adolescent girls are at substantial risk of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. To reduce these risks, we developed Health Education And Relationship Training (HEART), a web-based intervention focused on developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of this new program and examined if perceived acceptability varied according to participant ethnicity, sexual orientation or sexual activity status. Participants were part of a randomized controlled trial of 222 10th-grade girls (Mage = 15...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837587/the-current-status-of-syphilis-prevention-and-control-in-jiangsu-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Yuan-Fang Chen, Jian-Ping Ding, Hong-Jing Yan, Jing Lu, Ping Ding, Guo-Hong Chen, Jian-Jun Li, Xi-Ping Huan, Hai-Tao Yang, Wei-Ming Tang, Geng-Feng Fu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the midterm evaluation data from the National Syphilis Prevention and Control Plan (2010-2020) and evaluate the current status of syphilis prevention and control in Jiangsu province, China. METHODS: We collected data via (1) field surveys conducted in 2015 and (2) data recorded in existing syphilis surveillance systems. We conducted descriptive statistical analysis to evaluate the current landscape of syphilis control initiatives and their potential effect in syphilis control...
2017: PloS One
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