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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771869/performance-of-the-atlas-rapid-test-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-women-s-attitudes-toward-point-of-care-testing
#1
Lea E Widdice, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Barbara Silver, Mathilda Barnes, Perry Barnes, Charlotte A Gaydos
PURPOSE: This study compared performance of Atlas io® diagnostic platform, a point-of-care (POC) PCR assay for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), to Aptima Combo 2, a standard of care laboratory-based nucleic acid amplification assay (NAAT), and evaluated patient attitudes toward POC testing. METHODS: Women ≥14 years undergoing CT screening/testing were recruited from an urban adolescent primary care practice (Teen Health Center, THC) and a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771868/the-use-of-technology-for-std-partner-services-in-the-united-states-a-structured-review
#2
Rachel Kachur, Wendasha Hall, Alexandra Coor, Jennine Kinsey, Dayne Collins, F V Strona
BACKGROUND: Since the late 1990s, health departments and STD programs throughout the U.S. have used technologies, such as the internet and mobile phones, to provide services to persons with a sexually transmitted infection, including HIV, and their sex partners, also known as partner services. This study reviewed the published literature to assess and compare partner services outcomes as a result of using technology and to calculate cost savings through cases averted. METHODS: We conducted a structured literature review of all U...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765114/evaluation-of-the-utility-of-a-rapid-test-for-syphilis-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#3
Lucía Gallo Vaulet, Nicolás Morando, Ricardo Casco, Asunta Melgar, Silvia Nacher, Marcelo Rodríguez Fermepin, María A Pando
Even though syphilis can be easily diagnosed by simple and low-cost laboratory methods, it continues to be an important health problem. Rapid tests (RT) for the detection of treponemal antibodies can facilitate earlier diagnosis, access to treatment and linkage to care. The aim of this study was to analyse the usefulness of the incorporation of a RT in the detection of patients infected with T. pallidum in a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) clinic. Between March and December 2015, a syphilis RT was offered to patients who spontaneously attended the clinic...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750775/assessing-sexually-transmitted-disease-partner-services-in-state-and-local-health-departments
#4
Kendra M Cuffe, Jami S Leichliter, Thomas L Gift
State and local health department sexually transmitted disease (STD) programs provide several partner services to reduce disease transmission. Budget cuts and temporary staff reassignments for public health emergencies may affect the provision of partner services. Determining the impact of staffing reductions on STD rates and public health response should be further assessed.
June 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741446/high-prevalence-of-inconsistent-condom-use-with-regular-female-sex-partners-among-heterosexual-male-sexually-transmitted-disease-patients-in-southern-china
#5
Zixin Wang, Ligang Yang, Hui Jiang, Shujie Huang, Allison E Palmar, Lu Ma, Joseph T F Lau
(100 words) This study was to investigate prevalence of and factors associated with inconsistent condom use with regular female sex partners (RP) among heterosexual male STD patients (MSTDP) in China. We interviewed 413 MSTDP who had had sex with at least one RP and received a diagnosis within the past one week to six months. The prevalence of inconsistent condom use with RP was 42.9% since STD diagnosis. Associated factors included perceptions related to condom use based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, regret about the decision of having unprotected sex with RP and perceived personal partners' responsibility of using condoms...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735819/sexually-transmitted-infections-need-for-extragenital-screening
#6
REVIEW
Jyoti Rawre, Sonu Agrawal, Benu Dhawan
Extragenital infections can occur concurrently with simultaneous urogenital infections. Extragenital sites are believed to serve as hidden reservoirs and play a critical role in their transmission. The etiological relationship of the most widespread Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) pathogen to reproductive tract has long been established, but the distribution to extragenital sites appears to be infrequent and its correlation with the sexual practice still requires to be investigated. Optimal-screening strategies for extragenital infections are largely unknown...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730037/parental-hormones-are-associated-with-crop-loss-and-family-sickness-following-catastrophic-flooding-in-lowland-bolivia
#7
Benjamin C Trumble, Jonathan Stieglitz, Adrian V Jaeggi, Bret Beheim, Matthew Schwartz, Edmond Seabright, Daniel Cummings, Hillard Kaplan, Michael Gurven
The physiology of fatherhood is a growing field of study, and variability in hormonal mediators of reproductive effort (e.g. testosterone, cortisol) can predict variability in paternal investment. Studies often find that lower testosterone levels are associated with increased paternal investment, though most studies are conducted under relatively stable ecological conditions. In this paper, we examine parental physiological correlates of crop loss and family health problems among Tsimane forager-horticulturalists following a catastrophic flood in lowland Bolivia...
May 2, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719334/knowledge-and-attitude-about-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-youth-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Hossam S El-Tholoth, Fahad D Alqahtani, Abdullah A Aljabri, Khalid H Alfaryan, Fares Alharbi, Albaraa A Alhowaimil, Ali Alkharji, Abdulrahman Alrwaily, Ali Obied, Tala Al-Afraa
Background: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are one of the most serious diseases in the world. Our aim was to explore the knowledge and attitude about STDs among the youth. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted from August 1 to August 13, 2016. Male and female youth between 18 and 25 years were invited to participate in the survey using social media open to all Internet users consisting of questions and statements about STDs, and then the data were analyzed...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698384/adherence-to-cdc-recommendations-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-gonorrhea-std-surveillance-network-united-states-2016
#9
Emily J Weston, Kimberly Workowski, Elizabeth Torrone, Hillard Weinstock, Mark R Stenger
Gonorrhea, the sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is the second most common notifiable disease in the United States after chlamydia; 468,514 cases were reported to state and local health departments in 2016, an increase of 18.5% from 2015 (1). N. gonorrhoeae has progressively developed resistance to most antimicrobials used to treat the infection (2). As a result, CDC recommends two antimicrobials (250 mg of ceftriaxone [IM] plus 1 g of azithromycin [PO]) for treating uncomplicated gonorrhea to improve treatment efficacy and, potentially, to slow the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694796/chlamydia-retesting-among-safety-net-clinic-patients-infertility-prevention-project
#10
Breanna J McArdle, Genevieve L Buser, Katrina Hedberg, Sean Schafer
BACKGROUND: Due to high reinfection rates, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend retesting everyone diagnosed with chlamydia after treatment. However, retesting rates are often low, and research on retesting is limited. METHODS: Infertility Prevention Project (IPP) was a national chlamydia screening and treatment project in the United States. We completed a retrospective longitudinal analysis using IPP testing data from 8,266 women with at least 1 positive test result from 2010 to 2013...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624561/recent-changes-in-prevention-funding-to-areas-with-high-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-sexually-transmitted-disease-rates
#11
Austin Williams, Harrell Chesson
We examined changes in federal STD funding allocations to areas with high racial/ethnic disparities in STDs following the implementation of a funding formula in 2014. The funding formula increased prevention funding allocations to areas with high relative racial/ethnic disparities. Results were mixed for areas with high absolute disparities.
April 5, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609914/an-online-cross-sectional-comparison-of-women-with-symptoms-of-persistent-genital-arousal-painful-persistent-genital-arousal-and-chronic-vulvar-pain
#12
Robyn A Jackowich, Leah Pink, Allan Gordon, Évéline Poirier, Caroline F Pukall
BACKGROUND: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is an understudied condition characterized by unwanted physiologic genital arousal in the absence of subjective sexual arousal. Markos and Dinsmore (Int J STD AIDS 2013;24:852-858) theorized that PGAD shares a number of similarities with vulvodynia (unexplained chronic vulvar pain [CVP]), including symptom characteristics and comorbidities. AIM: To compare medical histories, symptom characteristics, pain characteristics, and daily functioning among women with persistent genital pain (PGA) (n = 42), painful PGA (n = 37), and CVP (n = 42) symptoms...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606287/cost-effectiveness-of-hiv-screening-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Paolo Biancone, Valerio Brescia, Elisa Camussi, Maria Martorana, Silvana Secinaro, Roberta Siliquini
INTRODUCTION: Over 2 million people in high-income countries live with HIV. Early diagnosis and treatment present benefits for infected subjects and reduce secondary transmissions. Cost-effectiveness analyses are important to effectively inform policy makers and consequently implement the most cost-effective programmes. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review regarding the cost-effectiveness of HIV screening in high-income countries. METHODS: We followed PRISMA statements and included all papers evaluating the cost-effectiveness of HIV screening in the general population or in specific subgroups...
March 23, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596223/syphilis-elimination-lessons-learned-again
#14
Jo A Valentine, Gail A Bolan
It is estimated that approximately 20 million new sexually transmitted infections (STIs) occur each year in the United States. The federally-funded STD prevention program implemented by CDC is primarily focused on the prevention and control of the three most common bacterial STIs: syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. A range of factors facilitate the transmission and acquisition of sexually transmitted infections, including syphilis. In 1999 CDC launched the National Campaign to Eliminate Syphilis from the United States...
March 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594701/associations-between-patterns-of-sexual-initiation-sexual-partnering-and-sexual-health-outcomes-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#15
Nicole F Kahn, Carolyn T Halpern
The goal of this study was to examine, in a nationally representative sample, relationships between various sexual initiation patterns, subsequent sexual partnerships, and related health outcomes from adolescence through early adulthood. Data were from a subset of 6587 respondents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Bivariate analyses and adjusted logistic and ordinary least squares regression models were used to determine associations between membership in three sexual initiation classes, lifetime sexual partner counts, and multiple health outcomes, including lifetime sexually transmitted infection or disease (STI/STD) diagnosis, lifetime unintended pregnancy, and romantic relationship quality...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584743/partner-notification-outcomes-after-integration-of-an-on-site-disease-intervention-specialist-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic
#16
Alec Tributino, Madeline C Montgomery, Thomas Bertrand, Theodore Marak, Alexi Almonte, Jacob van den Berg, Kristen St John, Carol Browning, Martha M Medina, Ashley Morse, Philip A Chan
BACKGROUND: Partner notification services (PNS) are highly effective in reducing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). We assessed outcomes of PNS before and after integration of an on-site disease intervention specialist (DIS) at a publicly-funded STD clinic. METHODS: From August 2014 to December 2015, patients testing positive for infectious syphilis or gonorrhea at the Rhode Island STD Clinic were referred to on-site DIS for partner notification...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581560/surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-for-diagnostics-and-extra-cellular-metabolomics-and-biochemical-monitoring
#17
Y Chen, W R Premasiri, L D Ziegler
SERS spectra excited at 785 nm of the bacteria Chlamydia trahomatis (elementary bodies, EB) and Neisseria gonorrheoae, the causative pathogens for the two most common sexually transmitted diseases (STD), chlamydia and gonorrhea, respectively, are reported. Although both are Gram-negative bacteria, the SERS signatures of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrheoae are completely different. N. gonorrheoae SERS spectra are due to the starvation induced nucleotide metabolites adenine and guanine, and the surface associated co-enzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and are very similar on Au and Ag although the spectrum appears more rapidly on Ag...
March 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574464/weekly-variations-in-feelings-of-trust-predict-incident-sti-within-a-prospective-cohort-of-adolescent-women-from-a-us-city
#18
Pamela A Matson, J Dennis Fortenberry, Shang-En Chung, Charlotte A Gaydos, Jonathan M Ellen
OBJECTIVES: Feelings of intimacy, perceptions of partner concurrency (PPC) and perceptions of risk for an STD (PRSTD) are meaningful and dynamic attributes of adolescent sexual relationships. Our objective was to examine whether variations in these STI-associated feelings and perceptions predicted incident Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Neisseriagonorrhoeae infection within a prospective cohort of urban adolescent women. METHODS: A cohort of clinic-recruited women aged 16-19 completed daily surveys on feelings and risk perceptions about each current sex partner on a smartphone continuously for up to 18 months...
March 24, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567633/web-2-0-tools-in-the-prevention-of-curable-sexually-transmitted-diseases-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
María Sanz-Lorente, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Ramón Castejón-Bolea, Javier Sanz-Valero
BACKGROUND: The internet is now the primary source of information that young people use to get information on issues related to sex, contraception, and sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to review the scientific literature related to the use of Web 2.0 tools as opposed to other strategies in the prevention of curable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). METHODS: A scoping review was performed on the documentation indexed in the bibliographic databases MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, PsycINFO, Educational Resources Information Center, the databases of Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas in Spain, and the Índice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud from the first available date according to the characteristics of each database until April 2017...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564244/prevalence-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-and-other-sexually-transmitted-pathogens-among-high-risk-individuals-in-greece
#20
Paraskevi Chra, Joseph Papaparaskevas, Eleni Papadogeorgaki, George Panos, Michalis Leontsinidis, George Arsenis, Athanassios Tsakris
Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection among individuals at high risk for sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) at a major urban STD clinic in Athens, in view of the lack of data pertaining to this infection in Greece. Methods: Urethral and cervical samples from 176 individuals consecutively attending the clinic and agreeing to participate were prospectively collected and tested for MG infection using conventional PCR and TaqMan Real-Time PCR...
March 2018: Germs
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