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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217614/somatic-symptoms-after-sexual-behavior-with-fear-of-four-sexually-transmitted-diseases-a-proposal-of-novel-disorder
#1
Kentaro Iwata, Yoshiaki Katsuda
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) often leads to frequent doctor visit not only to psychiatrists but also to various kinds of physicians. We encountered four cases of SSD, particularly associated with sexual intercourse and fear of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). To best of our knowledge, there is no independent clinical entity assigned to this phenomenon. Here, we propose a variation of SSD called four STD as an independent clinical entity since the presentation of this disorder is very distinctive, and lack of awareness of it may lead to unnecessary laboratory workup and antimicrobial prescription as well as augmented anxiety of the patients with potential "doctor shopping...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199868/sexual-dysfunction-and-central-obesity-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#3
C Theleritis, S Bonaccorso, N Habib, D Stahl, F Gaughran, S Vitoratou, Z Atakan, A Kolliakou, P Gardner Sood, P Dazzan, T R Marques, P McGuire, K Greenwood, J Eberhard, J Breedvelt, S Ferracuti, M Di Forti, R M Murray, S Smith
BACKGROUND: In recent years the association between sexual dysfunction (SD) and obesity in the general population has drawn major attention. Although sexual dysfunction is common in psychosis, its relationship with weight gain and obesity remains unclear. AIMS: To investigate the association between sexual dysfunction and obesity in a cohort of patients with first episode psychosis. METHOD: Sexual function was assessed in a cohort of patients with first episode psychosis using the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ)...
February 12, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168593/a-community-needs-index-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-program-planning-application-of-spatial-generalized-linear-mixed-models
#4
Glen D Johnson, Kristine Mesler, Marilyn A Kacica
Objective The objective is to estimate community needs with respect to risky adolescent sexual behavior in a way that is risk-adjusted for multiple community factors. Methods Generalized linear mixed modeling was applied for estimating teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) incidence by postal ZIP code in New York State, in a way that adjusts for other community covariables and residual spatial autocorrelation. A community needs index was then obtained by summing the risk-adjusted estimates of pregnancy and STD cases...
February 6, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146186/-the-current-prevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-among-teenagers-and-young-asymptomatic-chilean-women-justifies-the-periodic-surveillance
#5
Milena Zamboni, Constanza Ralph, Patricia García, Mauricio Cuello
INTRODUCTION: Chlamydia trachomatis infection constitutes the most common sexual transmitted disease (STD) among young women. International studies demonstrate that prevalence changes over time and also according to places. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of this infection among asymptomatic Chilean women (15 to 24 years old) and correlating with risk factor occurrence. METHODS: Transversal cohort study to identify C. trachomatis infection through a diagnostic kit designed to detect and amplify cryptic plasmid DNA by quantitative PCR from endocervical sample...
December 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145800/hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-testing-behavior-among-adolescent-sexual-minority-males-analysis-of-pooled-youth-risk-behavior-survey-data-2005-2013
#6
Akshay Sharma, Li Yan Wang, Richard Dunville, Rachel K Valencia, Eli S Rosenberg, Patrick S Sullivan
PURPOSE: Adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM) comprise a high-risk group that may benefit from expanded human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention services. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV and STD testing among ASMM from pooled high school Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBSs). METHODS: Data came from 26 YRBSs from 2005 to 2013, which included questions on sexual identity and/or sex of sexual contacts and questions on ever being tested for HIV and/or STDs...
February 1, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108699/an-evaluation-study-of-the-becton-dickinson-probetec-qx-bdqx-trichomonas-vaginalis-trichomoniasis-molecular-diagnostic-test-in-two-large-urban-std-services
#7
Craig Tipple, Michael Rayment, Sundhiya Mandalia, Lisa Walton, Sinead O'Neill, John Murray, Alan O'Riordan, Monica Rebec, Laura Harrington, Rachael Jones, Dawn Wilkinson
OBJECTIVES: The BASHH guidelines recommend molecular tests to aid diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection; however many clinics continue to use relatively insensitive techniques (pH, wet-prep microscopy (WPM) and culture). Our objectives were to establish a laboratory pathway for TV testing with the Becton-Dickinson Qx (BDQx) molecular assay, to determine TV prevalence and to identify variables associated with TV detection. METHODS: A prospective study of 901 women attending two urban sexual health services for STI testing was conducted...
January 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100187/prevalence-of-hiv-and-syphilis-co-infection-and-associated-factors-among-non-commercial-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-shenzhen-china
#8
Wenjie Dai, Zhenzhou Luo, Ruiwei Xu, Guanglu Zhao, Dan Tu, Lin Yang, Feng Wang, Yumao Cai, Lina Lan, Fuchang Hong, Tubao Yang, Tiejian Feng
BACKGROUND: Although HIV and syphilis co-infection has been frequently observed in men who have sex with men (MSM), only few studies have focused on it. Different subgroups of MSM might exhibit heterogeneous HIV and syphilis risk profiles, indicating that interventions for HIV and HIV-related co-infections may vary with different subgroups of MSM. However, no previous study has investigated HIV and syphilis co-infection among non-commercial MSM (ncMSM) attending a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic...
January 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097616/operationalizing-the-measurement-of-seroadaptive-behaviors-a-comparison-of-reported-sexual-behaviors-and-purposely-adopted-behaviors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-seattle
#9
Christine M Khosropour, Julia C Dombrowski, James P Hughes, Lisa E Manhart, Jane M Simoni, Matthew R Golden
Seroadaptive behaviors are traditionally defined by self-reported sexual behavior history, regardless of whether they reflect purposely-adopted risk-mitigation strategies. Among MSM attending an STD clinic in Seattle, Washington 2013-2015 (N = 3751 visits), we used two seroadaptive behavior measures: (1) sexual behavior history reported via clinical computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) (behavioral definition); (2) purposely-adopted risk-reduction behaviors reported via research CASI (purposely-adopted definition)...
January 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095879/treatment-seeking-behaviour-and-barriers-to-service-access-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-survey
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jun-Jie Xu, Yan-Qiu Yu, Qing-Hai Hu, Hong-Jing Yan, Zhe Wang, Lin Lu, Ming-Hua Zhuang, Xi Chen, Ji-Hua Fu, Wei-Ming Tang, Wen-Qing Geng, Yong-Jun Jiang, Hong Shang
BACKGROUND: Delayed or inappropriate treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) increases the risk of HIV acquisition and may cause other harmful outcomes. However, studies on STD treatment-seeking behaviour and correlated factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) are scarce. This information is crucial for the promotion of STD treatment-seeking behaviour and reduction of HIV transmission among Chinese MSM. METHODS: During 2012-2013, a multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 Chinese cities...
January 18, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036070/young-hungarian-students-knowledge-about-hpv-and-their-attitude-toward-hpv-vaccination
#11
Bettina Claudia Balla, András Terebessy, Emese Tóth, Péter Balázs
(1) Background: Hungarys's estimated cervical cancer mortality was 6.9/100,000 in 2012, above the average of the EU27 countries (3.7/100,000) in the same year. Since 2014, the bivalent HPV vaccine has been offered to schoolgirls aged 12-13. (2) Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 1022 high school seniors (492 girls, 530 boys) in 19 randomly selected schools in Budapest. Our anonymous questionnaire contained 54 items: basic socio-demographic data, knowledge about HPV infection/cervical cancer and HPV vaccination...
December 29, 2016: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033470/developing-a-motion-comic-for-hiv-std-prevention-for-young-people-ages-15-24-part-2-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention
#12
Leigh A Willis, Rachel Kachur, Ted J Castellanos, Kristen Nichols, Maria C B Mendoza, Zaneta J Gaul, Pilgrim Spikes, Ashley C Gamayo, Marcus D Durham, Lisa LaPlace, Julie Straw, Colleen Staatz, Hadiza Buge, Matthew Hogben, Susan Robinson, John Brooks, Madeline Y Sutton
In the United States, young people (ages 15-24 years) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), due at least in part to inadequate or incorrect HIV/STD-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions (KABI). Comic book narratives are a proven method of HIV/STD prevention communication to strengthen KABI for HIV/STD prevention. Motion comics, a new type of comic media, are an engaging and low-cost means of narrative storytelling...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032813/effects-of-the-circle-of-life-hiv-prevention-program-on-marijuana-use-among-american-indian-middle-school-youths-a-group-randomized-trial-in-a-northern-plains-tribe
#13
Nancy L Asdigian, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Ellen M Keane, Alicia C Mousseau, Carol E Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Early substance use threatens many American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities, as it is a risk factor for maladaptive use and adverse health outcomes. Marijuana is among the first substances used by AI/AN youth, and its use becomes widespread during adolescence. Interventions that delay or reduce marijuana use hold the promise of curbing substance disorders and other health risk disparities in AI/AN populations. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effectiveness of the Circle of Life (COL) program in reducing marijuana use among young AI adolescents...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008325/lactobacilli-dominance-and-vaginal-ph-why-is-the-human-vaginal-microbiome-unique
#14
Elizabeth A Miller, DeAnna E Beasley, Robert R Dunn, Elizabeth A Archie
The human vaginal microbiome is dominated by bacteria from the genus Lactobacillus, which create an acidic environment thought to protect women against sexually transmitted pathogens and opportunistic infections. Strikingly, lactobacilli dominance appears to be unique to humans; while the relative abundance of lactobacilli in the human vagina is typically >70%, in other mammals lactobacilli rarely comprise more than 1% of vaginal microbiota. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain humans' unique vaginal microbiota, including humans' distinct reproductive physiology, high risk of STDs, and high risk of microbial complications linked to pregnancy and birth...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004450/cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-need-to-commence-opportunistic-screening-of-women-for-cervical-cancer-presenting-with-sexually-transmitted-disease-in-western-india
#15
Mihir P Rupani, Ajay B Pawar, Raj Kumar Bansal, Malati Dalal, Ashvin Vachhani, Khushali D Parikh
This study examines the prevalence of suspected cervical cancer (established through the use of visual inspection with Lugol's Iodine - VILI) among outpatients attending Surat Municipal Institute of Medical Education & Research Hospital, India. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 356 patients; 178 with an established sexually transmitted disease (STD) and 178 patients without. Patients with positive results were investigated with cervical biopsy; out of 356 patients, 21.91% patients with STD and 12.35% patients without STD tested positive for VILI respectively (p = ...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001441/developing-a-motion-comic-for-hiv-std-prevention-for-young-people-ages-15-24-part-1-listening-to-your-target-audience
#16
Leigh A Willis, Rachel Kachur, Ted J Castellanos, Pilgrim Spikes, Zaneta J Gaul, Ashley C Gamayo, Marcus Durham, Sandra Jones, Kristen Nichols, Solange Han Barthelemy, Lisa LaPlace, Colleen Staatz, Matthew Hogben, Susan Robinson, John T Brooks, Madeline Y Sutton
Young people (15-24 years) in the United States are disproportionately affected by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Shortfalls in HIV/STD-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions (KABI) likely contribute to this discrepancy. In this report we describe our experience developing a novel means of health communication combining entertainment-education theory and recent technological advances to create a HIV/STD-focused "motion comic...
December 21, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993657/genome-analysis-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-for-functional-characterization-of-hypothetical-proteins-to-discover-novel-drug-targets
#17
Ahmad Abu Turab Naqvi, Safikur Rahman, Rubi, Firdaus Zeya, Kundan Kumar, Hani Choudhary, Mohammad Sarwar Jamal, Jihoe Kim, Md Imtaiyaz Hassan
C. trachomatis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes trachoma and sexually transmitted disease (STD) Chlamydia in humans. Chlamydial genital infections are the most frequent among all communicable diseases. The D/UW-3/Cx strain of C. trachomatis contains 935 genes and three pseudogenes. Out of these genes, 887 genes code for proteins while six for rRNA, 37 tRNA, and three genes translate into other RNAs. The proteome of C. trachomatis made of 887 proteins contains 269 Hypothetical proteins (HPs) that are subjected to functional characterization...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968886/recreational-drug-use-among-chinese-msm-results-from-a-national-wide-cross-sectional-study
#18
Peizhen Zhao, Songyuan Tang, Cheng Wang, Ye Zhang, John Best, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Weiming Tang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, recreational drug use has considerably increased among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). This increase has a great potential to worsen the scenario of the heavy burden of HIV among Chinese MSM. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of recreational drug use, and to explore the association between poppers use and testing history for HIV or STIs, gay app use, and other sexual behaviours. METHODS: We recruited MSM who were born male and were aged 16 years or older through a nation-wide online survey in 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968885/disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Weiming Tang, Jessica Mao, Songyuan Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Katie Mollan, Terrence Wong, Ye Zhang, Michael Hudgens, Yilu Qin, Baoli Ma, Meizhen Liao, Bin Yang, Wei Ma, Dianmin Kang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Most men who have sex with men (MSM) in China do not publicly disclose their sexual orientation. This low rate of disclosure may affect sexual behaviours, testing for HIV or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and disease transmission. This study examined factors associated with overall sexual orientation disclosure and disclosure to a healthcare professional. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional online survey of MSM in China from September 23, 2014, to October 8, 2014, through three national websites...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968882/effects-of-patient-load-and-travel-distance-on-hiv-transmission-in-a-cohort-of-serodiscordant-couples-in-rural-china-a-longitudinal-analysis
#20
M Kumi Smith, William C Miller, Huixin Liu, Chuanyi Ning, Wensheng He, Myron S Cohen, Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: Sustained viral suppression through antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the risk of sexual HIV transmission. However, it can require routine access to reliable and effective medical care, which can be difficult to obtain in resource-constrained areas. We investigated the effects of patient load and travel distance to an HIV care clinic on transmission risk in HIV serodiscordant couples in the Henan Province, China. METHODS: The study cohort arises from a population of HIV-infected individuals in central rural China where regional blood selling scandals in the 1990s led to mass HIV transmission of up to 30 000 people though unsanitary blood collection practices...
October 2016: Lancet
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