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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899667/physiological-and-functional-basis-of-dopamine-receptors-and-their-role-in-neurogenesis-possible-implication-for-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Akanksha Mishra, Sonu Singh, Shubha Shukla
Dopamine controls various physiological functions in the brain and periphery by acting on its receptors D1, D2, D3, D4, and D5. Dopamine receptors are G protein-coupled receptors involved in the regulation of motor activity and several neurological disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Reduction in dopamine content in the nigrostriatal pathway is associated with the development of PD, along with the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra region...
2018: Journal of Experimental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871503/evaluation-of-thrombocytopenia-in-critically-ill-patients-receiving-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#2
Christopher A Droege, Neil E Ernst, Nicholas J Messinger, Allison M Burns, Eric W Mueller
BACKGROUND: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be associated with thrombocytopenia in critically ill patients. A confounding factor is concomitant use of unfractionated heparin (UFH) and suspicion for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of CRRT on platelet count and development of thrombocytopenia. METHODS: Retrospective analyses evaluated the intrapatient change in platelet count following CRRT initiation...
June 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692103/-effects-of-micro-sprinkling-hose-length-and-width-on-wheat-field-water-condition-and-flag-leaf-chlorophyll-fluorescence-characteristics-in-different-sampling-districts
#3
Ji Kun Xu, Zhen Wen Yu, Yu Shi, Jun Ye Zhao, Xi Zhi Wang, Yu Qiu Wang
A two-year field experiment was conducted in 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 wheat growing seasons to study the effects of micro-sprinkling hose length and width on field water condition, and flag leaf chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics in different sampling districts (D1 to D6 along with the hose laying direction). Six micro-sprinkling hose treatments were set: 60 m (T1 ), 80 m (T2 ) and 100 m (T3 ) lengths under 65 mm width; 60 m (T4 ), 80 m (T5 ) and 100 m (T6 ) lengths under 80 mm width. The results showed that after irrigation at jointing, the Christiansen uniformity coefficient (Cu ) of T1 was significantly higher than T2 and T3 under 65 mm hose width...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678723/modulatory-effect-of-dopamine-receptor-5-on-the-neurosecretory-dahlgren-cells-of-the-olive-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#4
Zhaohui Lan, Wei Zhang, Jinling Xu, Mo Zhou, Yingxin Chen, Huafeng Zou, Weiqun Lu
A neuromodulatory role for dopamine has been reported for magnocellular neuroendocrine cells in the mammalian hypothalamus. We examined its potential role as a local intercellular messenger in the neuroendocrine Dahlgren cell population of the caudal neurosecretory system (CNSS) of the euryhaline flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. In vitro application of dopamine (DA) caused an increase in electrical activity (firing frequency, recorded extracellularly) of Dahlgren cells, recruitment of previously silent cells, together with a greater proportion of cells showing phasic (irregular) activity...
April 17, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466326/structure-of-the-d2-dopamine-receptor-bound-to-the-atypical-antipsychotic-drug-risperidone
#5
Sheng Wang, Tao Che, Anat Levit, Brian K Shoichet, Daniel Wacker, Bryan L Roth
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that has been implicated in processes as diverse as reward, addiction, control of coordinated movement, metabolism and hormonal secretion. Correspondingly, dysregulation of the dopaminergic system has been implicated in diseases such as schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and nausea and vomiting. The actions of dopamine are mediated by a family of five G-protein-coupled receptors. The D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) is the primary target for both typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs, and for drugs used to treat Parkinson's disease...
March 8, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423959/low-resilience-to-stress-is-associated-with-candidate-gene-expression-alterations-in-the-dopaminergic-signalling-pathway
#6
Esfandiar Azadmarzabadi, Arvin Haghighatfard, Alireza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: In stressful situations, a person's ability to appropriately complete tasks with minimal anxiety is known as stress resilience. Genetic variants in neuropeptide Y, Corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1), and serotonin transporter have been previously reported to be associated with low resilience, but the relationship between low resilience and the dopaminergic signalling pathway is not well understood. Here, we aimed to describe the association between comprehensive psychological characteristics and messenger RNA levels of dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1), dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2), dopamine receptor D3 (DRD3), dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4), dopamine receptor D5 (DRD5), COMT, Dopamine Beta-Hydroxylase (DBH), Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), monoamine oxidase A (MAOM), dopa decarboxylase (DDC), dopamine transporter (DAT), serotonin transporter (5-HTT), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) genes based on peripheral blood samples from 400 subjects who react differently to major life event stressors...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119585/effects-of-dopamine-receptor-antagonist-antipsychotic-therapy-on-blood-pressure
#7
REVIEW
N H Gonsai, V H Amin, C G Mendpara, R Speth, G M Hale
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Hypertension, a major risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events, such as stroke and myocardial infarction, affects 80 million American adults. The aetiology of hypertension is multifaceted and difficult to identify. Dopamine receptors, especially those in the kidneys, play a role in blood pressure regulation, and alterations in their function can cause hypertension. The objective of this review was to investigate the association between the use of dopamine antagonists with hypertension focusing especially on second-generation antipsychotics, like clozapine that is D4 receptor antagonist...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106549/the-in-vitro-actions-of-loxapine-on-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-receptors-time-to-consider-atypical-classification-of-this-antipsychotic-drug
#8
Florian Ferreri, Dominique Drapier, Emmanuelle Baloche, Mehemed Ouzid, Luc Zimmer, Pierre-Michel Llorca
Background: The denomination of typical antipsychotic for loxapine has poor relation to current knowledge of the molecule's relevant modes of action. Materials and Methods: Competition binding experiments were performed on expressed human recombinant receptors in CHO cells and HEK-293 cells for D1 to D5, 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C, 5-HT4, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7. In vitro autoradiographies using [11C]-Raclopride [18F]-Altanserin [18F]-MPPF [11C]-SB207145, and [18F]-2FNQ1P were measured in brain tissue of a male primate followed by addition of increasing doses of loxapine succinate...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940477/camp-levels-in-lymphocytes-and-cd4-regulatory-t-cell-functions-are-affected-by-dopamine-receptor-gene-polymorphisms
#9
Marco Cosentino, Natasa Kustrimovic, Marco Ferrari, Emanuela Rasini, Franca Marino
The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) has prominent effects in the immune system and between the immune cells, CD4+ regulatory T (Treg) lymphocytes, a specialized T-cell subset crucial for the control of immune homeostasis, are especially sensitive to DA. Dopaminergic receptors (DR) are grouped into two families according to their pharmacological profile and main second messenger coupling: the D1 -like (D1 and D5 ), which activate adenylate cyclase, and the D2 -like (D2 , D3 and D4 ), which inhibit adenylate cyclase and exist in several variants that have been associated to clinical conditions such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, substance abuse and addiction...
March 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493358/structural-identification-of-degradants-of-moexipril-by-lc-ms-ms
#10
Purushotham Reddy Challa, Ramakrishna K, Narayana Rao K M V
A gradient LC-MS method was developed for the identification and characterization of degradants of moexipril using liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS). Moexipril was subjected to hydrolysis (acid, base and neutral), oxidation, photolytic and thermal degradation conditions as mentioned in ICH guidelines Q1A (R2). The drug degraded under hydrolysis, oxidation and photolytic conditions, but it was stable under thermal conditions. In total, five degradants were formed and separated on an Agilent XDB C-18 column (4...
November 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336436/induction-of-dopamine-d1-and-d5-receptors-in-r28-cells-by-light-exposures
#11
Yan Ke, Wentao Li, Zhiqun Tan, Zhikuan Yang
Dopamine is known to play an important role in the pathophysiological process of myopia development relevant to the ambient lighting, but it is still poorly understood about how lighting regulates dopamine and its interaction with dopamine receptors to mediate the pathogenic signal transduction leading to alterations of ocular globe and the pathogenesis of myopia. Many studies have highlighted changes of ocular dopamine amount in response to different lighting conditions, but little attention has been paid to the dopamine receptors during these processes...
May 6, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326743/dopamine-receptors-modulate-t-lymphocytes-via-inhibition-of-camp-creb-signaling-pathway
#12
Yan Huang, Can-Can Chen, Ting-Ting Wang, Yi-Hua Qiu, Yu-Ping Peng
OBJECTIVES: We have previously reported that dopamine D2-like receptors including D2, D3 and D4 receptors are more important in mediating modulation of T cells than dopamine D1-like receptors (D1 and D5 receptors). Here we aimed to clarify the role of D2-like receptors in regulation of differentiation and function of T lymphocyte subsets, including helper T (Th)1, Th2, Th17 and regulatory T (Treg) cells. METHODS: Lymphocytes, separated from the mesenteric lymph nodes of mice, were stimulated with concanavalin A (Con A) and treated with the D2-like receptor agonist quinpirole or the antagonist haloperidol...
December 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060819/an-anti-human-lutheran-glycoprotein-phage-antibody-inhibits-cell-migration-on-laminin-511-epitope-mapping-of-the-antibody
#13
Yurie Enomoto-Okawa, Yuka Maeda, Nozomi Harashima, Yumika Sugawara, Fumihiko Katagiri, Kentaro Hozumi, Kam Man Hui, Motoyoshi Nomizu, Yuji Ito, Yamato Kikkawa
The Lutheran glycoprotein (Lu), also known as basal cell adhesion molecule (B-CAM), is an Ig superfamily (IgSF) transmembrane receptor for laminin α5. Although Lu is not present in normal hepatocytes, its expression is significantly increased in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we isolated thirteen phage antibodies to Lu from a phage library of peripheral blood from HCC patients, suggesting that these patients produced autoantibodies against endogenous Lu. To characterize the phage antibodies, we determined the Lu domains they recognize...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597526/validation-of-an-improved-scale-for-rating-l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia-in-the-mouse-and-effects-of-specific-dopamine-receptor-antagonists
#14
Irene Sebastianutto, Natallia Maslava, Corey R Hopkins, M Angela Cenci
Rodent models of l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) are essential to investigate pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment options. Ratings of abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) are used to capture both qualitative and quantitative features of dyskinetic behaviors. Thus far, validated rating scales for the mouse have anchored the definition of severity to the time during which AIMs are present. Here we have asked whether the severity of axial, limb, and orolingual AIMs can be objectively assessed with scores based on movement amplitude...
December 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230096/trophic-restructuring-wieser-1953-of-free-living-nematode-in-marine-sediment-experimentally-enriched-to-increasing-doses-of-pharmaceutical-penicillin-g
#15
Ahmed Nasri, Soufiane Jouili, Fehmi Boufahja, Amor Hedfi, Ibtihel Saidi, Ezzeddine Mahmoudi, Patricia Aïssa, Naceur Essid, Beyrem Hamouda
Trophic structure of free living nematode from Bizerte lagoon was tested by a microcosmic study after 30 days of exposure with 5 increasing doses of pharmaceutical penicillin G (D1: 3 mg L(-1), D2: 30 mg L(-1), D3: 300 mg L(-1), D4: 600 mg L(-1), D5: 700 mg L(-1)). Results showed significant differences between nematode assemblages from undisturbed controls and those from penicillin G treatments. Selective deposit-feeders (1A) or nonselective deposit-feeders (1B), very abundant in the control microcosm, were significantly affected and their dominance declined significantly...
August 2016: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178731/g-protein-coupled-receptor-kinases-as-regulators-of-dopamine-receptor-functions
#16
REVIEW
Eugenia V Gurevich, Raul R Gainetdinov, Vsevolod V Gurevich
Actions of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain are mediated by dopamine receptors that belong to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Mammals have five dopamine receptor subtypes, D1 through D5. D1 and D5 couple to Gs/olf and activate adenylyl cyclase, whereas D2, D3, and D4 couple to Gi/o and inhibit it. Most GPCRs upon activation by an agonist are phosphorylated by GPCR kinases (GRKs). The GRK phosphorylation makes receptors high-affinity binding partners for arrestin proteins. Arrestin binding to active phosphorylated receptors stops further G protein activation and promotes receptor internalization, recycling or degradation, thereby regulating their signaling and trafficking...
September 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135354/targeting-the-dopamine-d3-receptor-an-overview-of-drug-design-strategies
#17
REVIEW
Antoni Cortés, Estefanía Moreno, Mar Rodríguez-Ruiz, Enric I Canela, Vicent Casadó
INTRODUCTION: Dopamine is a neurotransmitter widely distributed in both the periphery and the central nervous system (CNS). Its physiological effects are mediated by five closely related G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that are divided into two major subclasses: the D1-like (D1, D5) and the D2-like (D2, D3, D4) receptors. D3 receptors (D3Rs) have the highest density in the limbic areas of the brain, which are associated with cognitive and emotional functions. These receptors are therefore attractive targets for therapeutic management...
July 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987070/opposing-effects-of-dopamine-d1-and-d2-like-agonists-on-intracranial-self-stimulation-in-male-rats
#18
Matthew F Lazenka, Luke P Legakis, S Stevens Negus
Dopamine acts through dopamine Type I receptors (comprising D1 and D5 subtypes) and dopamine Type II receptors (comprising D2, D3, and D4 subtypes). Intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) is 1 experimental procedure that can be used to evaluate abuse-related effects of drugs targeting dopamine receptors. This study evaluated effects of dopamine receptor ligands on ICSS in rats using experimental procedures that have been used previously to examine abused indirect dopamine agonists such as cocaine and amphetamine...
June 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26613855/estrous-cycle-staging-before-mating-led-to-increased-efficiency-in-the-production-of-pseudopregnant-recipients-without-negatively-affecting-embryo-transfer-in-mice
#19
Malte Heykants, Esther Mahabir
The goal was to increase pseudopregnant mice production by estrous cycle staging by visual examination before pairing and to determine the effect of such pseudopregnant recipients on embryo transfer. To compare methods of estrous cycle staging over 14 days, groups consisted of 10 females in proestrus-estrus and 10 vasectomized males; group 1: only daily visual observation; group 2: daily visual observation and cytological examination on day 1; group 3: daily visual observation and daily cytological examination...
March 15, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26613258/classification-of-dopamine-receptor-genes-in-vertebrates-nine-subtypes-in-osteichthyes
#20
REVIEW
Kei Yamamoto, Romain Fontaine, Catherine Pasqualini, Philippe Vernier
Dopamine neurotransmission regulates various brain functions, and its regulatory roles are mediated by two families of G protein-coupled receptors: the D1 and D2 receptor families. In mammals, the D1 family comprises two receptor subtypes (D1 and D5), while the D2 family comprises three receptor subtypes (D2, D3 and D4). Phylogenetic analyses of dopamine receptor genes strongly suggest that the common ancestor of Osteichthyes (bony jawed vertebrates) possessed four subtypes in the D1 family and five subtypes in the D2 family...
2015: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
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