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Chronic kidney disability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880839/differences-between-younger-and-older-us-adults-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#1
Mary L Adams
INTRODUCTION: Adults with multiple (≥2) chronic conditions (MCCs) account for a large portion of US health care costs. Despite the increase in MCC rates with age, most people with MCCs are working age. The study objective was to compare adults with MCCs who were younger than 65 years with those aged 65 years or older on selected measures to better understand the differences between groups and inform interventions that could lower health care costs. METHODS: Data from respondents to the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data (N = 201,711) were used to compare adults aged 65 or older with MCCs with those younger than 65 with MCCs in unadjusted and adjusted analyses on chronic conditions, quality of life measures, disability status, access to health care, and modifiable risk factors...
September 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776240/diabetes-mellitus-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#2
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to update our previous publication on the burden of diabetes and chronic kidney disease due to diabetes (CKD-DM) during 1990-2015. METHODS: We extracted GBD 2015 estimates for prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of diabetes (including burden of low vision due to diabetes, neuropathy, and amputations and CKD-DM for 22 countries of the EMR from the GBD visualization tools...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715116/delayed-transplantation-may-affect-intellectual-ability-in-children
#3
Jiwon M Lee, Yeon Kyung Jung, Jeong-Hoon Bae, Sun Ah Yoon, Ju Hee Kim, YoungRok Choi, Hyeyoung Kim, Kwang-Woong Lee, Hye Young Ahn, Jae Won Kim, Min-Sup Shin, Kyung-Suk Suh, Il-Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hee Gyung Kang, Nam-Joon Yi
BACKGROUND: Decline in neurocognitive function is a reported complication in children with chronic illness. Concerns have been increasing that exposure to a major surgery or trauma may negatively impact cognitive performance in children. This study has evaluated cognitive function in 43 Korean children who received organ transplantation, and sought to identify associated clinical factors. METHODS: Pediatric recipients of kidney (KT) or liver transplantation (LT) from years 1999 to 2011 were recruited for cognitive tests...
July 17, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689437/the-effect-of-antiepileptic-drugs-on-the-kidney-function-and-structure
#4
REVIEW
Sherifa Ahmed Hamed
Long-term use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is associated with number of somatic conditions. Data from experimental, cross-sectional and prospective studies have evidence for the deleterious effect of some AEDs on the kidney. Areas covered: This review summarized the current knowledge of the effect of AEDs on the kidney including evidence and mechanisms. Fanconi syndrome was reported with valproate (VPA) therapy in severely disabled children with epilepsy. Renal tubular acidosis and urolithiasis were reported with acetazolamide, topirmate and zonisamide, drugs with carbonic anhydrase inhibition properties...
September 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658375/the-burden-of-diabetes-and-hyperglycemia-in-brazil-and-its-states-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#5
Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Elisabeth Barboza França, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Ewerton Cousin, Lenice Harumi Ishitani, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Mohsen Naghavi, Meghan Mooney, Maria Inês Schmidt
Introduction and objective: The global burden of disease (GBD) 2015 project, extends GBD analyses to include Brazilian federative units separately. We take advantage of GBD methodological advances to describe the current burden of diabetes and hyperglycemia in Brazil. Methods: Using standard GBD 2015 methods, we analyzed the burden of diabetes, chronic kidney disease due to diabetes and high fasting plasma glucose in Brazil and its states. Results: The age-standardized rate of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) which was lost to high fasting plasma glucose, a category which encompasses burdens of diabetes and of lesser hyperglycemia, were 2448...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643553/renal-dysfunction-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-a-population-based-study
#6
Derek Hayden, Christine McCarthy, Layan Akijian, Elizabeth Callaly, Danielle Ní Chróinín, Gillian Horgan, Lorraine Kyne, Joseph Duggan, Eamon Dolan, Killian O' Rourke, David Williams, Sean Murphy, Yvonne O'Meara, Peter J Kelly
Background and purpose The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) for ≥3 months, chronic kidney disease (CKD)) in ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) is unknown, as estimates have been based on single-point estimates of renal function. Studies investigating the effect of renal dysfunction (eGFR < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), renal dysfunction) on post-stroke outcomes are limited to hospitalized cohorts and have provided conflicting results...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583165/validity-and-reliability-of-the-sri-lankan-version-of-the-kidney-disease-quality-of-life-questionnaire-kdqol-sf%C3%A2
#7
Sameera Senanayake, Nalika Gunawardena, Paba Palihawadana, Sanjeewa Kularatna, T S G Peiris
BACKGROUND: The disabling symptoms, various food and fluid restrictions, restrictions to social life and stigma and taboos attached to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), have shown to pose a significant bearing on a patient's Quality of Life (QOL). In the present study the Kidney Disease QOL-Short Form (KDQOL-SF™) was culturally adapted, modified and translated into Sinhala and validity and reliability were assessed. METHOD: The process to culturally adapt the Kidney Disease Specific Component (KDSC) of KDQOL-SF™ was carried out by the modified Delphi process with a group of experts...
June 5, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532553/the-potential-impact-of-public-health-interventions-in-preventing-kidney-disease
#8
REVIEW
Rohina Joshi, Oommen John, Vivekanand Jha
The years of life lost and years lived with disability resulting from chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased globally by 90% and 49.5%, respectively, between 1990 and 2013. In addition to the traditional factors, infections, low birthweight, environmental factors, and low socioeconomic status contribute to the CKD burden in low- and middle-income countries. System-level challenges such as poor appreciation of the burden, insufficient human resources, high health care costs, poor referral pathways, unreliable health information systems, and inadequate medicine supply pose barriers to CKD control...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491340/the-financial-impact-of-advanced-kidney-disease-on-canada-pension-plan-and-private-disability-insurance-costs
#9
Braden Manns, Susan Q McKenzie, Flora Au, Pamela M Gignac, Lawrence Ian Geller
BACKGROUND: Many working-age individuals with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are unable to work, or are only able to work at a reduced capacity and/or with a reduction in time at work, and receive disability payments, either from the Canadian government or from private insurers, but the magnitude of those payments is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate Canada Pension Plan Disability Benefit and private disability insurance benefits paid to Canadians with advanced kidney failure, and how feasible improvements in prevention, identification, and early treatment of CKD and increased use of kidney transplantation might mitigate those costs...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427790/exercise-and-ckd-skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-and-practical-application-of-exercise-to-prevent-and-treat-physical-impairments-in-ckd
#10
REVIEW
Baback Roshanravan, Jorge Gamboa, Kenneth Wilund
Patients with chronic kidney disease experience substantial loss of muscle mass, weakness, and poor physical performance. As kidney disease progresses, skeletal muscle dysfunction forms a common pathway for mobility limitation, loss of functional independence, and vulnerability to disease complications. Screening for those at high risk for mobility disability by self-reported and objective measures of function is an essential first step in developing an interdisciplinary approach to treatment that includes rehabilitative therapies and counseling on physical activity...
June 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419972/neprilysin-inhibitors-a-new-hope-to-halt-the-diabetic-cardiovascular-and-renal-complications
#11
REVIEW
Vajir Malek, Anil Bhanudas Gaikwad
Diabetes is an enormous and ever-growing calamity and a global public health threat of the 21st century. Besides insulin and oral hypoglycaemic drugs, blockage of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) denotes a key pharmacotherapy for the management of cardiovascular (CVD) and chronic kidney diseases (CKD), which are the leading causes of disability and death among diabetic patients. Neprilysin (NEP) inhibition, auxiliary to RAS blockage increases the bioavailability of natriuretic peptides and benefits the cardio-renal system...
June 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329340/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-aspree-aspirin-in-reducing-events-in-the-elderly-study
#12
John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Elsdon Storey, Raj C Shah, Rory S Wolfe, Andrew M Tonkin, Anne B Newman, Jeff D Williamson, Jessica E Lockery, Karen L Margolis, Michael E Ernst, Walter P Abhayaratna, Nigel Stocks, Sharyn M Fitzgerald, Ruth E Trevaks, Suzanne G Orchard, Lawrence J Beilin, Geoffrey A Donnan, Peter Gibbs, Colin I Johnston, Richard H Grimm
Background: There are no primary prevention trials of aspirin with relevant geriatric outcomes in elderly people. ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) is a placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin that will determine whether 5 years of daily 100-mg enteric-coated aspirin extends disability-free and dementia-free life in a healthy elderly population and whether these benefits outweigh the risks. Methods: Set in primary care, this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial has a composite primary endpoint of death, incident dementia or persistent physical disability...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296786/association-between-macular-degeneration-and-mild-to-moderate-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#13
Chun-Yu Chen, Ciou-Sia Dai, Chin-Chan Lee, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Ting-Shuo Huang, Ling Yeung, Chi-Chin Sun, Huang-Yu Yang, I-Wen Wu
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and macular degeneration (MD) are 2 grave diseases leading to significant disability secondary to renal failure and blindness. The 2 diseases share not only common risk factors but also similar pathogenic mechanisms to renal and retinal injuries. Previous epidemiological studies indicated association between these 2 diseases. However, this concept is challenged by recent investigations. Patients with mild to moderate CKD (n = 30,696) between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2005 were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293304/the-burden-of-diabetes-and-hyperglycemia-in-brazil-past-and-present-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#14
Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt, Ewerton Cousin, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França, Fátima Marinho, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Diabetes, hyperglycemia, and their complications are a growing problem in Brazil. However, no comprehensive picture of this disease burden has yet been presented to date. METHODS: We used Global Burden of Disease 2015 data to characterize diabetes prevalence, incidence and risk factors from 1990 to 2015 in Brazil. Additionally, we provide mortality, years of life lost prematurely (YLL), years of life lived with disability (YLD) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost due to diabetes, as well as similar data for chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to diabetes and, as an overall summary measure, for hyperglycemia, the latter expressed as high fasting plasma glucose (HFPG)...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289638/comparison-of-gait-speed-and-peripheral-nerve-function-between-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-with-and-without-diabetes
#15
Seung Hwan Jin, Young Sook Park, Yun Hee Park, Hyun Jung Chang, Sung Rok Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare overall physical function, including gait speed and peripheral nerve function, between diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and nondiabetic CKD patients and to investigate the association between gait speed and peripheral nerve function in CKD patients. METHODS: Sixty adult CKD patients (35 with and 25 without diabetes), who received maintenance hemodialysis (HD), were included in this study. Demographic data, past medical history, current medical condition and functional data-usual gait speed, vibration perception threshold for the index finger (VPT-F) and the great toe (VPT-T), activity of daily living (ADL) difficulty, and peripheral neuropathy (PN) along with the degree of its severity-were collected and compared between the two groups...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287463/stirring-the-pot-can-dietary-modification-alleviate-the-burden-of-ckd
#16
REVIEW
Matthew Snelson, Rachel E Clarke, Melinda T Coughlan
Diet is one of the largest modifiable risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related death and disability. CKD is largely a progressive disease; however, it is increasingly appreciated that hallmarks of chronic kidney disease such as albuminuria can regress over time. The factors driving albuminuria resolution remain elusive. Since albuminuria is a strong risk factor for GFR loss, modifiable lifestyle factors that lead to an improvement in albuminuria would likely reduce the burden of CKD in high-risk individuals, such as patients with diabetes...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277392/impaired-kidney-function-and-associated-factors-among-rural-adults-with-disabilities-in-taiwan
#17
Chu-Yeh Chen, Wen-Nan Chiu, Yu-Chen Lin, Sui-Hwi Jane, Hsin-Hung Chiang, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: The results of numerous studies indicate that people with disabilities seek more healthcare than those who are not disabled, particularly for conditions such as chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. However, little is known about the incidence of impaired kidney function and its associated factors among adults with disabilities in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and factors associated with impaired kidney function among adults with disabilities...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225543/cuba-s-aging-and-alzheimer-longitudinal-study
#18
Juan de Jesús Llibre-Rodríguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel
Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196132/long-term-renal-outcomes-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Chia-Lin Wu, Chew-Teng Kor, Ping-Fang Chiu, Chun-Chieh Tsai, Ie-Bin Lian, Tao-Hsiang Yang, Der-Cherng Tarng, Chia-Chu Chang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important cause of death and disability worldwide. The relationship between TBI and kidney diseases is largely unknown. METHODS: We aimed to determine whether TBI is associated with long-term adverse renal outcomes. We performed a nationwide, population-based, propensity score-matched cohort study of 32,152 TBI patients and 128,608 propensity score-matched controls. Data were collected by the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan from 2000 to 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178408/epidemiology-risk-factors-and-clinical-features-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Sang Joon An, Tae Jung Kim, Byung-Woo Yoon
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second most common subtype of stroke and a critical disease usually leading to severe disability or death. ICH is more common in Asians, advanced age, male sex, and low- and middle-income countries. The case fatality rate of ICH is high (40% at 1 month and 54% at 1 year), and only 12% to 39% of survivors can achieve long-term functional independence. Risk factors of ICH are hypertension, current smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, hypocholesterolemia, and drugs. Old age, male sex, Asian ethnicity, chronic kidney disease, cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) increase the risk of ICH...
January 2017: Journal of Stroke
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