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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705013/cognitive-fluctuations-and-cognitive-test-performance-among-institutionalized-persons-with-dementia
#1
Brian J Mainland, Nathan Herrmann, Sasha Mallya, Alexandra J Fiocco, Gwen-Li Sin, Kenneth I Shulman, Tisha J Ornstein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nature and frequency of cognitive fluctuations (CFs) among institutionalized persons with dementia. METHOD: A clinical interview and a medical chart review were conducted, and 55 patients were assigned a specific dementia diagnosis. The Severe Impairment Battery (SIB) was administered to assess cognitive function, and the Dementia Cognitive Fluctuation Scale (DCFS) was administered to each patient's primary nurse to determine the presence and severity of CFs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494812/whole-blood-gene-expression-in-adolescent-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study-suggesting-altered-b-cell-differentiation-and-survival
#2
Chinh Bkrong Nguyen, Lene Alsøe, Jessica M Lindvall, Dag Sulheim, Even Fagermoen, Anette Winger, Mari Kaarbø, Hilde Nilsen, Vegard Bruun Wyller
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a prevalent and disabling condition affecting adolescents. The pathophysiology is poorly understood, but immune alterations might be an important component. This study compared whole blood gene expression in adolescent CFS patients and healthy controls, and explored associations between gene expression and neuroendocrine markers, immune markers and clinical markers within the CFS group. METHODS: CFS patients (12-18 years old) were recruited nation-wide to a single referral center as part of the NorCAPITAL project...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470767/sleep-wake-rhythm-disturbances-and-perceived-sleep-in-adolescent-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#3
Maria Pedersen, Mirjam Ekstedt, Milada C Småstuen, Vegard B Wyller, Dag Sulheim, Even Fagermoen, Anette Winger, Edvard Pedersen, Harald Hrubos-Strøm
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by long-lasting, disabling and unexplained fatigue that is often accompanied by unrefreshing sleep. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate sleep-wake rhythm and perceived sleep in adolescent CFS patients compared to healthy individuals. We analysed baseline data on 120 adolescent CFS patients and 39 healthy individuals included in the NorCAPITAL project. Activity measures from a uniaxial accelerometer (activPAL) were used to estimate mid-sleep time (mid-point of a period with sleep) and time in bed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358584/assessing-the-usefulness-and-validity-of-frailty-markers-in-critically-ill-adults
#4
Aluko A Hope, S J Hsieh, Alex Petti, Mariana Hurtado-Sbordoni, Joe Verghese, Michelle Ng Gong
RATIONALE: Identifying frailty by the presence of a critical number of frailty markers has been difficult to operationalize in the intensive care unit (ICU), where patients often cannot complete performance measures or answer complex questions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the construct and predictive validity of a questionnaire-based approach to identifying frailty in adult ICU patients. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study of adults admitted to a medical or surgical ICU at one of two hospitals in New York...
June 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223787/comparing-the-predictive-accuracy-of-frailty-comorbidity-and-disability-for-mortality-a-1-year-follow-up-in-patients-hospitalized-in-geriatric-wards
#5
Martin Ritt, Julia Isabel Ritt, Cornel Christian Sieber, Karl-Günter Gaßmann
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating and comparing the power of frailty, comorbidity, and disability instruments, together and in parallel, for predicting mortality are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the measures of frailty, comorbidity, and disability in predicting 1-year mortality in geriatric inpatients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND SETTING: A total of 307 inpatients aged ≥65 years in geriatric wards of a general hospital participated in the study...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143516/important-factors-to-consider-when-treating-children-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-perspectives-of-health-professionals-from-specialist-services
#6
Roxanne M Parslow, Alison Shaw, Kirstie L Haywood, Esther Crawley
BACKGROUND: Paediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is relatively common and disabling. Improving treatment requires the development of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) that enable clinicians and researchers to collect patient-centred evidence on outcomes. Health professionals are well placed to provide clinical insight into the condition, its treatment and possible outcomes. This study aimed to understand the perspectives of specialist paediatric CFS/ME health professionals and identify outcomes that are clinically important...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104625/natural-course-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-in-adolescents
#7
Tom Norris, Simon M Collin, Kate Tilling, Roberto Nuevo, Stephen A Stansfeld, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Jon Heron, Esther Crawley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about persistence of or recovery from chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) in adolescents. Previous studies have small sample sizes, short follow-up or have focused on fatigue rather than CFS/ME or, equivalently, chronic fatigue, which is disabling. This work aimed to describe the epidemiology and natural course of CFS/ME in adolescents aged 13-18 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal follow-up of adolescents enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
June 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087544/children-s-experiences-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-studies
#8
Roxanne M Parslow, Sarah Harris, Jessica Broughton, Adla Alattas, Esther Crawley, Kirstie Haywood, Alison Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To synthesis the qualitative studies of children's experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. BACKGROUND: CFS/ME is an important disabling illness, with uncertain cause and prognosis. As a result, children with CFS/ME can find themselves living with greater uncertainty and stigma, exacerbating the impact of the condition. There is a growing body of qualitative research in CFS/ME, yet there has been no attempt to systematically synthesis the studies involving children...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052319/treatment-and-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-all-roads-lead-to-rome
#9
REVIEW
Jesus Castro-Marrero, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Dafna Santillo, Jose Alegre
This review explores the current evidence on benefits and harms of therapeutic interventions in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) and makes recommendations. CFS/ME is a complex, multi-system, chronic medical condition whose pathophysiology remains unknown. No established diagnostic tests exist nor are any FDA-approved drugs available for treatment. Because of the range of symptoms of CFS/ME, treatment approaches vary widely. Studies undertaken have heterogeneous designs and are limited by sample size, length of follow-up, applicability and methodological quality...
March 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922747/frailty-and-subsequent-disability-and-mortality-among-patients-with-critical-illness
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nathan E Brummel, Susan P Bell, Timothy D Girard, Pratik P Pandharipande, James C Jackson, Alessandro Morandi, Jennifer L Thompson, Rameela Chandrasekhar, Gordon R Bernard, Robert S Dittus, Thomas M Gill, E Wesley Ely
RATIONALE: The prevalence of frailty (diminished physiologic reserve) and its effect on outcomes for those aged 18 years and older with critical illness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized greater frailty would be associated with subsequent mortality, disability, and cognitive impairment, regardless of age. METHODS: At enrollment, we measured frailty using the Clinical Frailty Scale (range, 1 [very fit] to 7 [severely frail]). At 3 and 12 months post-discharge, we assessed vital status, instrumental activities of daily living, basic activities of daily living, and cognition...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894380/an-attention-and-interpretation-bias-for-illness-specific-information-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#11
A M Hughes, T Chalder, C R Hirsch, R Moss-Morris
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that specific cognitions and behaviours play a role in maintaining chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). However, little research has investigated illness-specific cognitive processing in CFS. This study investigated whether CFS participants had an attentional bias for CFS-related stimuli and a tendency to interpret ambiguous information in a somatic way. It also determined whether cognitive processing biases were associated with co-morbidity, attentional control or self-reported unhelpful cognitions and behaviours...
April 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842511/comparative-assessment-of-two-frailty-instruments-for-risk-stratification-in-elderly-surgical-patients-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniel I McIsaac, Monica Taljaard, Gregory L Bryson, Paul E Beaule, Sylvain Gagne, Gavin Hamilton, Emily Hladkowicz, Allen Huang, John Joanisse, Luke T Lavallée, Hussein Moloo, Kednapa Thavorn, Carl van Walraven, Homer Yang, Alan J Forster
BACKGROUND: Frailty is an aggregate expression of susceptibility to poor outcomes, owing to age-, and disease-related deficits that accumulate within multiple domains. Older patients who are frail before surgery are at an increased risk of morbidity and mortality, and use a disproportionately high amount of healthcare resources. While frailty is now a well-established risk factor for adverse postoperative outcomes, the perioperative literature lacks studies that: 1) compare the predictive accuracy of different frailty instruments; 2) consider the impact of frailty on patient-reported outcome measures; and 3) consider the acceptability and feasibility of using frailty instruments in clinical practice...
November 14, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811338/the-edss-integration-with-the-brief-international-cognitive-assessment-for-multiple-sclerosis-and-orientation-tests
#13
Francesco Saccà, Teresa Costabile, Antonio Carotenuto, Roberta Lanzillo, Marcello Moccia, Chiara Pane, Cinzia Valeria Russo, Anna Maria Barbarulo, Sara Casertano, Fabiana Rossi, Elisabetta Signoriello, Giacomo Lus, Vincenzo Brescia Morra
OBJECTIVE: Despite cognitive tests have been validated in multiple sclerosis (MS), a neuropsychological evaluation is not implemented in the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scoring. METHODS: We used the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) and orientation tests (OTs) to measure the cerebral functional system (CFS) score and to evaluate its impact on the EDSS. We compared EDSS calculated as usual (Native-EDSS) and after the use of the BICAMS and OT (NPS-EDSS)...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742756/-it-s-personal-to-me-a-qualitative-study-of-depression-in-young-people-with-cfs-me
#14
Anna K Taylor, Maria Loades, Amberly Lc Brigden, Simon M Collin, Esther Crawley
BACKGROUND: Paediatric chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) has a prevalence of 0.4-2.4% and is defined as 'generalised disabling fatigue persisting after routine tests and investigations have failed to identify an obvious underlying cause'. One-third of young people with CFS/ME have probable depression. Little is known about why depression develops, the relationship between depression and CFS/ME, or what treatment might be helpful. METHODS: We conducted nine semi-structured interviews with young people with CFS/ME (aged 13-17 years, 8/9 female) and probable depression, covering perceived causes of depression, the relationship between CFS/ME and depression, and treatment strategies...
April 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739228/well-being-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-relationship-to-symptoms-and-psychological-distress
#15
H Jackson, A K MacLeod
OBJECTIVE: There is growing recognition in psychology that wellness is more than the absence of disease and distress. Well-being has been defined in numerous ways. Two dominant models include Diener, Eunkook, Suh, Lucas and Smith's (1999) model of subjective well-being (SWB) and Ryff's (1989) model of psychological well-being (PWB). In contrast to the abundance of research investigating negative constructs and psychopathology in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), there has been a paucity of positive psychology studies...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428358/neuromuscular-strain-increases-symptom-intensity-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#16
Peter C Rowe, Kevin R Fontaine, Megan Lauver, Samantha E Jasion, Colleen L Marden, Malini Moni, Carol B Thompson, Richard L Violand
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a complex, multisystem disorder that can be disabling. CFS symptoms can be provoked by increased physical or cognitive activity, and by orthostatic stress. In preliminary work, we noted that CFS symptoms also could be provoked by application of longitudinal neural and soft tissue strain to the limbs and spine of affected individuals. In this study we measured the responses to a straight leg raise neuromuscular strain maneuver in individuals with CFS and healthy controls. We randomly assigned 60 individuals with CFS and 20 healthy controls to either a 15 minute period of passive supine straight leg raise (true neuromuscular strain) or a sham straight leg raise...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411751/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-differences-in-treatment-outcome-between-a-tertiary-treatment-centre-in-the-united-kingdom-and-the-netherlands
#17
M Worm-Smeitink, S Nikolaus, K Goldsmith, J Wiborg, S Ali, H Knoop, T Chalder
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) reduces fatigue and disability in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). However, outcomes vary between studies, possibly because of differences in patient characteristics, treatment protocols, diagnostic criteria and outcome measures. The objective was to compare outcomes after CBT in tertiary treatment centres in the Netherlands (NL) and the United Kingdom (UK), using different treatment protocols but identical outcome measures, while controlling for differences in patient characteristics and diagnostic criteria...
August 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411750/complementary-and-alternative-healthcare-use-by-participants-in-the-pace-trial-of-treatments-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#18
G Lewith, B Stuart, T Chalder, C McDermott, P D White
BACKGROUND: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent fatigue, disability and a range of other symptoms. The PACE trial was randomised to compare four non-pharmacological treatments for patients with CFS in secondary care clinics. The aims of this sub study were to describe the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the trial sample and to test whether CAM use correlated with an improved outcome. METHOD: CAM use was recorded at baseline and 52weeks...
August 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403211/clinical-frailty-scale-in-an-acute-medicine-unit-a-simple-tool-that-predicts-length-of-stay
#19
Salina Juma, Mary-Margaret Taabazuing, Manuel Montero-Odasso
BACKGROUND: Frailty is characterized by increased vulnerability to external stressors. When frail older adults are admitted to hospital, they are at increased risk of adverse events including falls, delirium, and disability. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a practical and efficient tool for assessing frailty; however, its ability to predict outcomes has not been well studied within the acute medical service. OBJECTIVE: To examine the CFS in elderly patients admitted to the acute medical ward and its association with length of stay...
June 2016: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377634/managed-activity-graded-exercise-in-teenagers-and-pre-adolescents-magenta-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#20
Amberly Brigden, Lucy Beasant, William Hollingworth, Chris Metcalfe, Daisy Gaunt, Nicola Mills, Russell Jago, Esther Crawley
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric chronic fatigue syndrome or myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a relatively common and disabling condition, yet there is a limited evidence base for treatment. There is good evidence that graded exercise therapy is moderately effective in adults with CFS/ME, but there is little evidence for the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, acceptability or best method of delivery for paediatric CFS/ME. This study aims to investigate the acceptability and feasibility of carrying out a multicentre randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of graded exercise therapy compared with activity management for children/teenagers who are mildly or moderately affected with CFS/ME...
July 4, 2016: BMJ Open
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