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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726531/looking-forward-and-looking-back-older-adults-views-of-the-impacts-of-stopping-driving
#1
Nadia W Mullen, Barbara Parker, Elaine Wiersma, Arne Stinchcombe, Michel Bédard
This project aimed to identify the impact of driving cessation from the perspectives of older drivers and former drivers. Participants included 17 adults aged 65-88 years residing in a city in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Using a semi-structured interview guide (with questions regarding mobility, personal impact, impact on others, engagement with life, and finances), two focus groups were held with nine current drivers, and one-on-one interviews were held with six former drivers and two current drivers. Two themes emerged concerning stopping driving...
July 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726042/reproductive-desires-and-considerations-of-hiv-positive-men-in-heterosexual-relationships-in-new-york-city
#2
Karolynn Siegel, Étienne Meunier, Jack Ume Tocco, Helen-Maria Lekas
The reproductive desires of HIV-positive men have been investigated far less than those of HIV-positive women, especially in the US. This qualitative study of a sample of 94 HIV-positive men in New York City who were in a relationship with a woman of reproductive age examined their reasons for wanting a child as well as the conditions under which they would feel ready to attempt conception. Participants felt a child would make them feel normal, give meaning to their lives, or make others in their life happy...
July 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724381/the-human-resources-for-health-effort-index-a-tool-to-assess-and-inform-strategic-health-workforce-investments
#3
Alfredo L Fort, Rachel Deussom, Randi Burlew, Kate Gilroy, David Nelson
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, the field of human resources for health (HRH) has lagged in developing methods to measure its status and progress in low- and middle-income countries suffering a workforce crisis. Measures of professional health worker densities and distribution are purely numerical, unreliable, and do not represent the full spectrum of workers providing health services. To provide more information on the multi-dimensional characteristics of human resources for health, in 2013-2014, the global USAID-funded CapacityPlus project, led by IntraHealth International, developed and tested a 79-item HRH Effort Index modeled after the widely used Family Planning Effort Index...
July 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723301/maternal-occupation-and-the-risk-of-neural-tube-defects-in-offspring
#4
Jihye Kim, Peter H Langlois, Laura E Mitchell, A J Agopian
We evaluated the association between maternal occupation and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. Data for 491 nonsyndromic cases were obtained from the Texas Birth Defects Registry for deliveries between 1999 and 2009. We randomly selected 2,291 controls among all live births in Texas during this time. Maternal occupations were classified using automated software and manual assignment. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between maternal occupation and risk for any NTD, adjusting for maternal race/ethnicity, any diabetes, and maternal body mass index...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721956/direction-of-uneven-health-care-expenditure-evidence-from-northeast-india
#5
Tiken Das, Pradyut Guha
BACKGROUND: Although the need for ensuring universal coverage in health has received the attention of policymakers under the Millennium Development Goals program, the skewed pattern of health-care expenditure has been increased globally. OBJECTIVE: To find out the pattern of public health-care expenditure in northeastern states of India and also to identify the nature of inter-state variation in health-care expenditure among the states. METHODS: The study was based on the secondary data collected from the State Finance Figures of Budgetary Statistics of Reserve Bank of India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721954/out-of-pocket-health-expenditure-and-sources-of-financing-for-delivery-postpartum-and-neonatal-health-in-urban-slums-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#6
Kirti Sundar Sahu, Bhavna Bharati
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) is an obstacle in the path of getting universal health coverage in India. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the OOPE, sources of funding, and experience of catastrophic expenditure (CE) for healthcare related to delivery, postpartum, and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 240 recently delivered women from the slums of Bhubaneswar, Odisha...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721677/the-pervasive-nature-of-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-and-their-informal-caregivers
#7
Valerie Shilling, Rachel Starkings, Valerie Jenkins, Lesley Fallowfield
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of extended cancer survival on broader aspects of life and wellbeing such as occupational, financial and family life for patients with advanced cancer and their nominated informal caregivers. METHODS: In-depth qualitative interviews were transcribed verbatim. A thematic framework was developed from an initial process of open coding and tested iteratively as new data were collected. RESULTS: Twenty-four patient-caregiver dyads with advanced ovarian (9), melanoma (9) or lung cancer (6)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720160/the-incidence-of-health-financing-in-south-africa-findings-from-a-recent-data-set
#8
John E Ataguba, Di McIntyre
There is an international call for countries to ensure universal health coverage. This call has been embraced in South Africa (SA) in the form of a National Health Insurance (NHI). This is expected to be financed through general tax revenue with the possibility of additional earmarked taxes including a surcharge on personal income and/or a payroll tax for employers. Currently, health services are financed in SA through allocations from general tax revenue, direct out-of-pocket payments, and contributions to medical scheme...
July 19, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718230/determinants-of-impoverishment-due-to-out-of-pocket-payments-in-nigeria
#9
Bolaji Samson Aregbeshola, Samina Mohsin Khan
BACKGROUND: Poverty is an extreme consequence of out of pocket payments in countries with health systems that do not provide financial risk protection through mandatory health insurance coverage for people in both the formal and informal sectors. The study assessed the determinants of impoverishment due to out of pocket payments in Nigeria. METHODS: Secondary data from the Harmonized Nigeria Living Standard Survey (HNLSS) of 2009/10 was utilized to assess factors associated with impoverishment in Nigeria...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716120/advancing-team-based-primary-health-care-a-comparative-analysis-of-policies-in-western-canada
#10
Esther Suter, Sara Mallinson, Renee Misfeldt, Omenaa Boakye, Louise Nasmith, Sabrina T Wong
BACKGROUND: We analyzed and compared primary health care (PHC) policies in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan to understand how they inform the design and implementation of team-based primary health care service delivery. The goal was to develop policy imperatives that can advance team-based PHC in Canada. METHODS: We conducted comparative case studies (n = 3). The policy analysis included: Context review: We reviewed relevant information (2007 to 2014) from databases and websites...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711241/analysis-of-farmers-willingness-to-participate-in-pasture-grazing-programs-results-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment-with-german-dairy-farmers
#11
M Danne, O Musshoff
Over the last decades, the usage of pasture for grazing of dairy cows has decreased considerably. Pasture grazing programs initiated by dairy companies try to counteract this trend. The present paper investigates farmers' willingness to participate in such grazing programs. A special aim was to quantify the price premiums farmers require for program participation and to identify determinants influencing the premium level. The empirical analysis is based on a discrete choice experiment with 293 German dairy farmers...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711122/the-establishment-and-management-of-an-observation-unit
#12
REVIEW
Jared Conley, J Stephen Bohan, Christopher W Baugh
The current health care landscape and evidence support the establishment of observation units (OUs) for safe and efficient care for observation patients. Careful attention is required in the design of OU process, location, and layout to enable optimal care and finances. Developing and maintaining protocols to guide patient selection and clinical care are critical. OU management requires a strong, collaborative leadership model, appropriate staffing, and a robust monitoring system for quality, safety, and finances...
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710698/health-social-and-economic-outcomes-experienced-by-families-as-a-result-of-receiving-assistance-from-a-community-based-diaper-bank
#13
Kelley E C Massengale, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Michelle Old
Objectives This paper aims to describe low-income recipients of a community-based diaper bank and the multiple daily challenges they face. Our paper seeks to document the health, social, and financial outcomes recipients experienced after receiving assistance. Methods We surveyed families (n = 150) about their experiences receiving diapers from a diaper bank in the southeastern United States. Additionally, we conducted short, focused interviews with families (n = 15) about outcomes after receiving diapers...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710448/experimental-investigation-on-preconditioned-rate-induced-tipping-in-a-thermoacoustic-system
#14
J Tony, S Subarna, K S Syamkumar, G Sudha, S Akshay, E A Gopalakrishnan, E Surovyatkina, R I Sujith
Many systems found in nature are susceptible to tipping, where they can shift from one stable dynamical state to another. This shift in dynamics can be unfavorable in systems found in various fields ranging from ecology to finance. Hence, it is important to identify the factors that can lead to tipping in a physical system. Tipping can mainly be brought about by a change in parameter or due to the influence of external fluctuations. Further, the rate at which the parameter is varied also determines the final state that the system attains...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709481/extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-xdr-tb-a-daunting-challenge-to-the-current-end-tb-strategy-and-policy-recommendations
#15
REVIEW
Md Arifur Rahman, Atanu Sarkar
Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has emerged as one of the most formidable challenges to the End TB Strategy that has targeted a 95% reduction in TB deaths and 90% reduction in cases by 2035. Globally, there were an estimated 55,100 new XDR-TB cases in 2015 in 117 countries. However, only one in 30 XDR-TB cases had been reported so far. Drug susceptibility test (DST) is the mainstay for diagnosing XDR-TB, but the lack of laboratory facilities in the resource-limited endemic countries limit its uses...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709206/spectral-partitioning-in-equitable-graphs
#16
Paolo Barucca
Graph partitioning problems emerge in a wide variety of complex systems, ranging from biology to finance, but can be rigorously analyzed and solved only for a few graph ensembles. Here, an ensemble of equitable graphs, i.e., random graphs with a block-regular structure, is studied, for which analytical results can be obtained. In particular, the spectral density of this ensemble is computed exactly for a modular and bipartite structure. Kesten-McKay's law for random regular graphs is found analytically to apply also for modular and bipartite structures when blocks are homogeneous...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708865/a-deep-learning-framework-for-financial-time-series-using-stacked-autoencoders-and-long-short-term-memory
#17
Wei Bao, Jun Yue, Yulei Rao
The application of deep learning approaches to finance has received a great deal of attention from both investors and researchers. This study presents a novel deep learning framework where wavelet transforms (WT), stacked autoencoders (SAEs) and long-short term memory (LSTM) are combined for stock price forecasting. The SAEs for hierarchically extracted deep features is introduced into stock price forecasting for the first time. The deep learning framework comprises three stages. First, the stock price time series is decomposed by WT to eliminate noise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707707/evidence-for-capitation-reform-in-a-new-rural-cooperative-medical-scheme-in-pudong-new-area-shanghai-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Yanmei Wang, Zhiqun Shu, Jianjun Gu, Xiaoming Sun, Limei Jing, Jie Bai, Xuan Huang, Jiquan Lou, Qunfang Zhang, Ming Li
Currently, China has been experiencing rapid growth of medical costs, serious waste of medical resources, increasing disease burden for residents, and a medical insurance fund deficit. Therefore, an urgent problem that needs to be solved is to choose a rational payment for the insurance system. To empirically evaluate the long-term effects of capitation reform in a New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme in Pudong New Area, we collected and analysed data regarding financing, fund operation, medical service cost, and medical care-seeking behaviour from 2011 to 2015, a duration that includes data before and after reform...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707099/maternal-health-care-utilization-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-and-jordan
#19
Hannah Tappis, Emily Lyles, Ann Burton, Shannon Doocy
Purpose The influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon over the last 5 years presents an immense burden to national health systems. This study was undertaken to assess utilization of maternal health services among Syrian refugees in both countries. Description A cross-sectional survey of Syrian refugees living in urban and rural (non-camp) settings was conducted using a two-stage cluster survey design with probability proportional to size sampling in 2014-2015. Eighty-six percent of surveyed households in Lebanon and 88% of surveyed households in Jordan included women with a live birth in the last year...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705333/interdisciplinarity-in-norbert-wiener-a-mathematician-philosopher-of-our-time
#20
Leone Montagnini
The paper focuses on interdisciplinarity in Norbert Wiener looking at his scientific work from a unitary point of view. It begins with a bird's-eye view of the history of the term "interdisciplinarity", pointing out how the word was the result of a movement of ideas that took place in US science along the whole Twentieth century. This way, the Wiener's conceptions and practices concerning interdisciplinarity are compared with their historical context, showing analogies and peculiarities. For Wiener, interdisciplinary research by very small groups whose members have a very broad interdisciplinary basis is an essential prerequisite for new fundamental ideas for invention and discoveries...
June 28, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
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