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Madlen Loebel, Maren Eckey, Franziska Sotzny, Elisabeth Hahn, Sandra Bauer, Patricia Grabowski, Johannes Zerweck, Pavlo Holenya, Leif G Hanitsch, Kirsten Wittke, Peter Borchmann, Jens-Ulrich Rüffer, Falk Hiepe, Klemens Ruprecht, Uta Behrends, Carola Meindl, Hans-Dieter Volk, Ulf Reimer, Carmen Scheibenbogen
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr-Virus (EBV) plays an important role as trigger or cofactor for various autoimmune diseases. In a subset of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) disease starts with infectious mononucleosis as late primary EBV-infection, whereby altered levels of EBV-specific antibodies can be observed in another subset of patients. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive mapping of the IgG response against EBV comparing 50 healthy controls with 92 CFS patients using a microarray platform...
2017: PloS One
Madlen Loebel, Kristin Strohschein, Carolin Giannini, Uwe Koelsch, Sandra Bauer, Cornelia Doebis, Sybill Thomas, Nadine Unterwalder, Volker von Baehr, Petra Reinke, Michael Knops, Leif G Hanitsch, Christian Meisel, Hans-Dieter Volk, Carmen Scheibenbogen
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has long been discussed as a possible cause or trigger of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). In a subset of patients the disease starts with infectious mononucleosis and both enhanced and diminished EBV-specific antibody titers have been reported. In this study, we comprehensively analyzed the EBV-specific memory B- and T-cell response in patients with CFS. While we observed no difference in viral capsid antigen (VCA)-IgG antibodies, EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA)-IgG titers were low or absent in 10% of CFS patients...
2014: PloS One
Barbara Cameron, Louis Flamand, Hedy Juwana, Jaap Middeldorp, Zin Naing, William Rawlinson, Dharam Ablashi, Andrew Lloyd
Multiple previous studies have sought evidence for ongoing, active infection with, or reactivation of, Herpesviruses in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), with conflicting results. This study aimed to clarify this by studying 20 patients enrolled in a well-characterized model of the onset and evolution of CFS, the prospective cohort of the Dubbo Infection Outcomes Study (DIOS). The patients selected for examination included five CFS patients with primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection; five CFS patients with acute viral infection not caused by EBV; and 10 matched controls with prompt resolution of primary EBV infection...
October 2010: Journal of Medical Virology
S Kuwahara, M Kawada, S Uga, K Mori
We report a patient with cerebellar meningo-encephalitis by Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) in which the responsible lesions were detected by Gd-enhanced MRI. A 61-year-old woman with a history of liver cirrhosis and diabetes mellitus presented with cerebellar signs such as ataxia of the trunk, bilateral upper and lower extremities and slurred speech two weeks after the acute upper respiratory inflammation for several days. Serum IgM antibody(Ab) to EBV viral capsid antigen(VCA) was 1:10, Ab to EBV(VCA) IgG was 1:1280, Ab to early antigen diffuse and restricted (EADR) IgG was 1:40, Ab to EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) was 1:80...
January 2000: Nō to Shinkei, Brain and Nerve
A Hilgers, J Frank
375 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) were examined using a standardized questionnaire and subsequent interview on 11 risk factors and 45 symptoms. Additionally immunologic, serologic, toxicologic, neuroradiologic, neurophysiologic and cardiologic investigations were performed. Immunologic tests showed cellular immunodeficiences particularly in functional regard (pathological lymphocyte stimulation in 50% of the patients, disorders of granulocyte function in 44%). Furthermore variable deviations were found in the lymphocyte subpopulations (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, DR, Leu 11 + 19)...
1994: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
J F Jones, J Streib, S Baker, M Herberger
Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome were compared to healthy seropositive control subjects in an open study and a case-control study analyzing spontaneous transformation rates of peripheral blood lymphocytes, EBV viral genome characteristics as determined by DNA restriction fragment polymorphisms, and antibody production by Western blot analysis. Thirty percent of patients versus 8% of control subjects underwent spontaneous transformation in the two studies. Viral genome patterns were overall similar to one another, with polymorphisms frequently present in BamHI B', K, H, and Y fragments...
March 1991: Journal of Medical Virology
K Kawai, A Kawai
Among 1,153 consecutive patients, 22 patients (1.9%) who complained of chronic fatigue for a period of over 6 months without detectable causes were studied. Ten patients (0.86%) satisfied the criteria of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and were classified to be definite cases of CFS. The other patients were classified as probable cases. In order to clarify the role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as a cause of CFS, we measured various antibodies for EBV. The definite cases had significantly higher titers of early antigen complex (EA)-IgG than both the probable cases and controls...
March 1992: Internal Medicine
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