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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547886/the-suction-mechanism-of-the-pipid-frog-pipa-pipa-linnaeus-1758
#1
David Cundall, Edward Fernandez, Frances Irish
Most suction-feeding, aquatic vertebrates create suction by rapidly enlarging the oral cavity and pharynx. Forceful enlargement of the pharynx is powered by longitudinal muscles that retract skeletal elements of the hyoid, more caudal branchial arches, and, in many fish, the pectoral girdle. This arrangement was thought to characterize all suction-feeding vertebrates. However, it does not exist in the permanently aquatic, tongueless Pipa pipa, an Amazonian frog that can catch fish. Correlating high-speed (250 and 500 fps) video records with anatomical analysis and functional tests shows that fundamental features of tetrapod body design are altered to allow P...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547682/adherence-to-clinical-guidelines-and-the-potential-economic-benefits-of-admission-avoidance-for-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis
#2
I S Reynolds, E O'Connell, R M Heaney, W Khan, I Z Khan, R Waldron, K Barry
BACKGROUND: The treatment paradigm for acute diverticulitis is changing. There is an increasing trend towards managing patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis in the community. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyse how acute diverticulitis is managed in our institution and also to analyse national data pertaining to treatment of acute diverticulitis. METHODS: A prospective database of all patients admitted to our institution over a 2-year period (2014-2016) with acute diverticulitis was maintained...
May 25, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543939/symptom-appraisal-help-seeking-and-lay-consultancy-for-symptoms-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
J A Queenan, Benjamin Gottlieb, Deb Feldman-Stewart, Stephen Hall, Jonathan Irish, Patti Groome
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis is important in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients in order to maximize the effectiveness of the treatments and minimize the debilitation associated with both the cancer and the invasive treatments of advanced disease. Many patients present with advanced disease, and there is little understanding as to why. This study investigated patients' symptom appraisal, help-seeking and lay-consultancy up to the time they first went to see a health care professional (HCP)...
May 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542710/behavioral-inferences-from-the-high-levels-of-dental-chipping-in-homo-naledi
#4
Ian Towle, Joel D Irish, Isabelle De Groote
OBJECTIVES: A variety of mechanical processes can result in antemortem dental chipping. In this study, chipping data in the teeth of Homo naledi are compared with those of other pertinent dental samples to give insight into their etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Permanent teeth with complete crowns evidencing occlusal wear were examined macroscopically. The location, number, and severity of fractures were recorded and compared to those found in samples of two other South African fossil hominin species and in samples of nonhuman primates (n = 3) and recent humans (n = 7)...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541557/live-or-let-die-fine-margins-between-life-and-death-in-a-brain-dead-pregnancy
#5
Rob Heywood
In PP v Health Service Executive, the Irish High Court was recently asked to decide on the lawfulness of maintaining somatic treatment that was being provided to a brain-dead woman who was 15-weeks pregnant. In delivering judgment, Kearns P held that the treatment should not be maintained and that the artificial support being provided to the woman could lawfully be withdrawn. The legal basis for this ruling, however, is not free from criticism. The focus of this discussion is to consider how an English court would deal with a case similar to this should the need ever arise...
May 24, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540627/a-template-for-reducing-ophthalmology-outpatient-waiting-times-community-ophthalmic-care
#6
R K Goetz, F E Hughes, E S Duignan, E C O'Neill, P P Connell, T P Fulcher, M P Treacy
BACKGROUND: Through an Irish Health Service Executive (HSE) initiative to tackle excessive hospital outpatient waiting times, 996 patients referred to the Ophthalmology Outpatient Department (OPD) of the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital (MMUH), Eccles Street, Dublin 7, Ireland, were outsourced to a community medical eye clinic (CMEC) for consultation with specialist-registered ophthalmologists. AIMS: The study aims to determine if patients referred as routine to the OPD department could be managed in a community setting...
May 24, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540367/lived-lives-a-pavee-perspective-an-arts-science-community-intervention-around-suicide-in-an-indigenous-ethnic-minority
#7
Kevin M Malone, Seamus G McGuinness, Eimear Cleary, Janis Jefferies, Christabel Owens, Cecily C Kelleher
Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern, which impacts on health outcomes. Few suicide research studies have been interdisciplinary. We combined a psychobiographical autopsy with a visual arts autopsy, in which families donated stories, images and objects associated with the lived life of a loved one lost to suicide. From this interdisciplinary research platform, a mediated exhibition was created (Lived Lives) with artist, scientist and families, co-curated by communities, facilitating dialogue, response and public action around suicide prevention...
April 13, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534571/toward-high-resolution-nmr-spectroscopy-of-microscopic-liquid-samples
#8
Mark C Butler, Hardeep S Mehta, Ying Chen, Patrick N Reardon, Ryan S Renslow, Michael Khbeis, Duane Irish, Karl T Mueller
A longstanding limitation of high-resolution NMR spectroscopy is the requirement for samples to have macroscopic dimensions. Commercial probes, for example, are designed for volumes of at least 5 μL, in spite of decades of work directed toward the goal of miniaturization. Progress in miniaturizing inductive detectors has been limited by a perceived need to meet two technical requirements: (1) minimal separation between the sample and the detector, which is essential for sensitivity, and (2) near-perfect magnetic-field homogeneity at the sample, which is typically needed for spectral resolution...
May 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532994/johne-s-disease-in-the-eyes-of-irish-cattle-farmers-a-qualitative-narrative-research-approach-to-understanding-implications-for-disease-management
#9
Conor G McAloon, Áine Macken-Walsh, Lisa Moran, Paul Whyte, Simon J More, Luke O'Grady, Michael L Doherty
Bovine Johne's Disease (JD) is a disease characterised by chronic granulomatous enteritis which manifests clinically as a protein-losing enteropathy causing diarrhoea, hypoproteinaemia, emaciation and, eventually death. Some research exists to suggest that the aetiologic pathogen Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis may pose a zoonotic risk. Nationally coordinated control programmes have been introduced in many of the major milk producing countries across the world. However, JD is challenging to control in infected herds owing to limitations of diagnostic tests and the long incubation period of the disease...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532815/attitudes-and-practices-of-irish-hospital-based-physicians-towards-hand-hygiene-and-handrubbing-using-alcohol-based-hand-rubs-a-comparison-between-2007-and-2015
#10
Liz M Kingston, Barbara L Slevin, Nuala H O'Connell, Colum P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is the cornerstone of infection prevention and control practices and reduces healthcare-associated infections significantly. Yet, international evidence suggests that medical doctors demonstrate poor compliance. AIM: To explore and compare practices and attitudes towards hand hygiene, in particular handrubbing using alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHR), among hospital-based physicians in Ireland between 2007 and 2015. METHODS: In 2007, a random sample of doctors in a large teaching hospital was invited to complete a postal survey using a validated questionnaire...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531240/public-knowledge-and-understanding-of-dementia-evidence-from-a-national-survey-in-ireland
#11
Ronan W Glynn, Emer Shelley, Brian A Lawlor
Background: there is growing consensus around the importance of population level approaches which seek to improve public knowledge and awareness of dementia. Aim: to assess knowledge of the relationship between dementia and ageing, and of the risk and protective factors associated with it, among the general public in Ireland. Design: cross-sectional survey. Participants selected using quota sampling based on Census data. Methods: the final sample of 1,217 respondents provided estimates of dementia knowledge in the Irish population...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529688/the-prevalence-temporal-and-spatial-trends-in-bulk-tank-equivalent-milk-fat-depression-in-irish-milk-recorded-herds
#12
Catherine I Carty, Alan G Fahey, Morgan R Sheehy, Steve Taylor, Ian J Lean, Conor G McAloon, Luke O'Grady, Finbar J Mulligan
BACKGROUND: Milk fat is important in terms of economic value and in its potential to provide information concerning cow diet and health. Under current milk payment schemes in Ireland farmer income is directly linked to milk fat production. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of milk fat depression (MFD) as calculated from test day milk recording data across all milk recording herds from 2004 to 2014 was undertaken. A dataset of 17 million test day records was used to calculate the prevalence of MFD in Irish milk recorded herds and to create a graphical description of the major descriptive epidemiological trends in milk fat depression in time and space in Ireland...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522169/evaluation-of-beef-eating-quality-by-irish-consumers
#13
S N McCarthy, M Henchion, A White, K Brandon, P Allen
A consumer's decision to purchase beef is strongly linked to its sensory properties and consistent eating quality is one of the most important attributes. Consumer taste panels were held according to the Meat Standards Australia guidelines and consumers scored beef according to its palatability attributes and completed a socio-demographic questionnaire. Consumers were able to distinguish between beef quality on a scale from unsatisfactory to premium with high accuracy. Premium cuts of beef scored significantly higher on all of the scales compared to poorer quality cuts...
May 8, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512502/health-inequalities-associated-with-post-stroke-visual-impairment-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
K L Hanna, F J Rowe
The aim of this study was to report on the health inequalities facing stroke survivors with visual impairments as described in the current literature. A systemic review of the literature was conducted to investigate the potential health inequalities facing stroke survivors with subsequent visual impairments. A quality-of-evidence and risk-of-bias assessment was conducted for each of the included articles using the appropriate tool dependent on the type of article. Only four articles discussed health inequalities affecting stroke survivors with visual impairment specifically...
June 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512132/abortion-by-telemedicine-an-equitable-option-for-irish-women
#15
EDITORIAL
Wendy V Norman, Bernard M Dickens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509937/next-generation-sequencing-is-informing-phenotype-a-tp53-example
#16
R O'Shea, R Clarke, E Berkley, C Giffney, M Farrell, E O'Donovan, D J Gallagher
The increased availability of next generation sequencing (NGS) and multi gene panel testing has resulted in more frequent TP53 testing of families that do not meet classic testing criteria. We investigated testing criteria, family history and result outcome in a cohort of Irish probands undergoing TP53 full sequencing. All TP53 test requests processed through the national genetic testing laboratory between 2012 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Personal and family cancer histories were collected, including tumour type and age at diagnosis, from two adult cancer genetic services in Ireland...
May 16, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508956/doctors-attitudes-towards-the-introduction-and-clinical-operation-of-do-not-resuscitate-orders-dnrs-in-ireland
#17
M O'Reilly, C M P O'Tuathaigh, K Doran
BACKGROUND: Do not resuscitate orders (DNRs) are documents which state that should a patient suffer from cardiopulmonary failure, resuscitation should not be attempted. Internationally, DNRs are often misunderstood and used inappropriately in a clinical setting. AIMS: The aim of this paper was to determine the current understanding of DNRs and their clinical operation among hospital doctors in Ireland. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted involving doctors from the Cork teaching hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501102/integration-of-biological-effects-fish-histopathology-and-contaminant-measurements-for-the-assessment-of-fish-health-a-pilot-application-in-irish-marine-waters
#18
Michelle Giltrap, Jenny Ronan, John P Bignell, Brett P Lyons, Evelyn Collins, Heather Rochford, Brendan McHugh, Evin McGovern, Lorraine Bull, James Wilson
This study investigates the use of a weight of evidence (WOE) approach to evaluate fish health status and biological effects (BEs) of contaminants for assessment of ecosystem health and discusses its potential application in support of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). External fish disease, liver histopathology and several BEs of contaminant exposure including 7-ethoxy resorufin O-de-ethylase (EROD), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), bile metabolites, vitellogenin (VTG) and alkali labile phosphates (ALP) were measured in two flatfish species from four locations in Ireland...
April 5, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497411/research-amongst-irish-surgical-trainees-what-s-the-trend
#19
C K McDonald, S Flynn, M Kelly, I Feeley, E Sheehan
INTRODUCTION: A high publication rate for surgical trainees is considered a prerequisite for progression to Higher Specialist Training (HST). This rate has arguably been decreased by the formation of a new 'run-through' training pathway. We aim to quantify the number of publications that the 'new' pathway trainees have attained compared to the 'old' pathway trainees. We further aim to compare the H-index and average citations between General Surgery (GS) and Trauma and Orthopaedic (T&O) trainees...
May 11, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496253/survey-on-the-use-of-cad-cam-technology-by-uk-and-irish-dental-technicians
#20
E Blackwell, M Nesbit, H Petridis
Statement of the problem Digital workflows (CAD/CAM) have been introduced in dentistry during recent years. No published information exists on dental technicians' use and reporting of this technology.Purpose The aim of this cross sectional survey was to identify the extent digital technology has infiltrated the workplace and to investigate the factors affecting the use of CAD-CAM technology by dental laboratory technicians within Ireland and the UK.Materials and methods A web-based questionnaire was composed (Opinio, Object Planet Inc...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
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