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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773531/irish-abortion-referendum-five-minutes-with-leah-hoctor
#1
Rebecca Coombes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770551/implementing-community-participation-via-interdisciplinary-teams-in-primary-care-an-irish-case-study-in-practice
#2
Edel Tierney, Rachel McEvoy, Ailish Hannigan, Anne E MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Community participation in primary care is enshrined in international and Irish health policy. However, there is a lack of evidence about how stakeholders work collectively to implement community participation within interdisciplinary teams; community perspectives are rarely captured, and a theoretical underpinning for implementation of community participation in primary care is absent. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a theoretically informed, multiperspectival empirical analysis of the implementation of community participation via primary care teams (PCTs) in Ireland...
May 16, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770115/the-prevalence-of-pseudoscientific-ideas-and-neuromyths-among-sports-coaches
#3
Richard P Bailey, Daniel J Madigan, Ed Cope, Adam R Nicholls
There has been an exponential growth in research examining the neurological basis of human cognition and learning. Little is known, however, about the extent to which sports coaches are aware of these advances. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of pseudoscientific ideas among British and Irish sports coaches. In total, 545 coaches from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed a measure that included questions about how evidence-based theories of the brain might enhance coaching and learning, how they were exposed to these different theories, and their awareness of neuromyths...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768804/novel-red-emitting-ba%C3%A2-y-bo%C3%A2-%C3%A2-bi-3-eu-3-phosphors-for-n-uv-white-light-emitting-diodes
#4
Irish Valerie B Maggay, Wei-Ren Liu
Ba3Y(BO3)3:Eu3+, Bi3+ were successfully prepared via a solid-state reaction. The crystallinity, photoluminescence properties, energy transfer and thermal quenching properties were studied. Subjecting Ba3Y(BO3)3:Bi3+ samples to different excitation wavelengths (340-370 nm), obtained blue and green emission ascribed to Bi3+(II) and Bi3+(I) sites, respectively. The influence of these two sites were systematically investigated. Bi3+ efficiently transferred its absorbed energy to neighboring Eu3+ sites by enhancing its luminescence intensity...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766409/where-youth-matters-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-emerging-trends-in-treatment-and-outcomes-in-young-irish-women-with-breast-cancer
#5
Megan Greally, Jennifer Kielty, Geoffrey A Watson, Geoffrey Das, Christina Malouf, Lynda McSorley, Niamh Coleman, Cecily Quinn, Enda W McDermott, Giuseppe Gullo, John Crown, Ruth S Prichard, Catherine M Kelly, Janice M Walshe
BACKGROUND: Young women with breast cancer (YWBC) represent 7-12% of breast cancer diagnoses and ostensibly have more biologically aggressive subtypes with higher relapse and mortality rates. We studied the clinical and pathological characteristics in YWBC and examined how outcomes and treatment have evolved. METHODS: YWBC were identified from pathology databases at two tertiary centers. Patients were divided into two cohorts: those diagnosed from 2000 to 2005 (C1) and from 2006 to 2015 (C2)...
May 15, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765824/changing-trends-in-the-management-of-esthesioneuroblastoma-irish-and-international-perspectives
#6
Robbie S R Woods, Thavakumar Subramaniam, Mary Leader, Rory McConn-Walsh, James Paul O'Neill, Peter D Lacy
Objectives  Evaluation of the changing trends in esthesioneuroblastoma in an Irish context and review of management options nationally to clarify the best current therapeutic approach by comparing with international research on this uncommon malignancy. Design  Retrospective review. Setting  Tertiary referral center. Participants  All patients presenting with esthesioneuroblastoma in Beaumont hospital or on the National Cancer Registry of Ireland between 1994 and 2013. Main Outcome Measures  Recurrence-free and overall survival...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763867/shiga-toxigenic-escherichia-coli-incidence-is-related-to-small-area-variation-in-cattle-density-in-a-region-in-ireland
#7
C Brehony, J Cullinan, M Cormican, D Morris
Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) are pathogenic E. coli that cause infectious diarrhoea. In some cases infection may be complicated by renal failure and death. The incidence of human infection with STEC in Ireland is the highest in Europe. The objective of the study was to examine the spatial incidence of human STEC infection in a region of Ireland with significantly higher rates of STEC incidence than the national average and to identify possible risk factors of STEC incidence at area level. Anonymised laboratory records (n = 379) from 2009 to 2015 were obtained from laboratories serving three counties in the West of Ireland...
May 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762285/cone-beam-computed-tomography-guided-navigation-in-complex-osteotomies-improves-accuracy-at-all-competence-levels-a-study-assessing-accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-joint-sparing-bone-cuts
#8
Amir Sternheim, Aidin Kashigar, Michael Daly, Harley Chan, Jimmy Qiu, Robert Weersink, David Jaffray, Jonathan C Irish, Peter C Ferguson, Jay S Wunder
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of a novel cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-guided navigation system designed for osteotomies with joint-sparing bone cuts. METHODS: Eighteen surgeons participated in this study. First, 3 expert tumor surgeons resected bone tumors in 3 Sawbones tumor models identical to actual patient scenarios. They first performed these osteotomies without navigation and then performed them using a navigation system and 3-dimensional (3D) planning tools based on CBCT imaging...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762070/developing-a-palliative-care-competency-framework-for-health-professionals-and-volunteers-the-nova-scotian-experience
#9
Meg McCallum, Janet Carver, David Dupere, Sharon Ganong, J David Henderson, Ann McKim, Lisa McNeil-Campbell, Holly Richardson, Judy Simpson, Cheryl Tschupruk, Heather Jewers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2014, Nova Scotia released a provincial palliative care strategy and implementation working groups were established. The Capacity Building and Practice Change Working Group, comprised of health professionals, public advisors, academics, educators, and a volunteer supervisor, was asked to select palliative care education programs for health professionals and volunteers. The first step in achieving this mandate was to establish competencies for health professionals and volunteers caring for patients with life-limiting illness and their families and those specializing in palliative care...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757937/factors-associated-with-maternal-wellbeing-at-four-months-post-partum-in-ireland
#10
Annemarie E Bennett, John M Kearney
This study aimed to examine factors associated with maternal wellbeing at four months post-partum in the Irish context. Socio-demographic, health behaviour and infant feeding data were collected in pregnancy, at birth and at 17 weeks post-partum. Maternal distress, body image and resilience were measured at 17 weeks post-partum. Binary logistic regression predicted maternal distress and statistical significance was taken at p < 0.05. One hundred and seventy-two women were followed-up in pregnancy, at birth and at 17 weeks post-partum...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748937/switching-benefits-and-costs-in-the-irish-health-insurance-market-an-analysis-of-consumer-surveys
#11
Conor Keegan, Conor Teljeur, Brian Turner, Steve Thomas
Relatively little analysis has taken place internationally on the consumer-reported benefits and costs to switching insurer in multi-payer health insurance markets. Ideally, consumers should be willing to switch out of consideration for price and quality and switching should be able to take place without incurring significant switching costs. Costs to switching come in many forms and understanding the nature of these costs is necessary if policy interventions to improve market competition are to be successful...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747116/environmental-impacts-of-alternative-agricultural-uses-of-poorly-drained-farm-land-in-ireland
#12
Pooja Sharma, James Humphreys, Nicholas M Holden
Abolition of the milk quota in the European Union and favourable market conditions have stimulated the expansion of the dairy sector in Ireland, causing more milk to be produced from poorly drained land. This work evaluated the environmental impacts of alternative agricultural uses for poorly drained farm land in Ireland using life cycle assessment (LCA). The avoided burden of the displaced product was used to calculate the net environmental consequences in the context of regional or global markets. The impact categories evaluated were climate change, eutrophication and acidification, all expressed per hectare of land for the alternative land uses, which were pasture-based milk, suckler beef and lowland sheep production and coniferous forestry...
May 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743796/increased-incidence-of-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-in-autoimmune-liver-disease-an-irish-national-experience
#13
Ahmed Abu-Shanab, Yasser Ged, Naeem Ullah, Diarmaid Houlihan, Aiden McCormick
Background: Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD) is a well-recognized complication post solid organs transplant. PTLD represents a broad spectrum of abnormalities ranging from an infectious mononucleosis like illness to malignant lymphoma. Methods: A retrospective study was performed by collecting data of orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) patients in the National Liver Unit in Ireland from December 1993 to December 2014. Data was analyzed to identify PTLD patients and determine their demographic details, the indication for liver transplant, presenting symptoms, immunosuppression regimens, Epstein"Barr virus (EBV) status and PTLD outcome...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743286/irish-woman-is-awarded-%C3%A2-2-5m-from-us-laboratory-that-missed-cervical-cancer
#14
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739776/prevalence-of-treatment-resistant-hypertension-after-considering-pseudo-resistance-and-morbidity-a-cross-sectional-study-in-irish-primary-care
#15
Peter Hayes, Monica Casey, Liam G Glynn, Gerard J Molloy, Hannah Durand, Eoin O'Brien, Eamon Dolan, John Newell, Andrew W Murphy
BACKGROUND: To confirm treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH), ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) must exclude white-coat hypertension (WCH), three or more medications should be prescribed at the optimal doses tolerated, and non-adherence and lifestyle should be examined. Most previous studies have not adequately considered pseudo-resistance and merely provide an apparent TRH (aTRH) prevalence figure. AIM: To conduct a cross-sectional study of the prevalence of aTRH in general practice, and then consider pseudo-resistance and morbidity...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739231/evaluating-the-time-to-palliative-care-referrals-in-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-single-centre-retrospective-review
#16
Geoffrey Alan Watson, Jean Saunders, Linda Coate
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Patients with lung cancer may experience a plethora of symptoms, which can be debilitating and affect their quality of life. Palliative care input to manage their physical and psychological well-being is a crucial component of their oncological care. The benefit of early palliative care input has been shown in patients with non-small cell lung cancer; however, data pertaining to patients with small-cell lung cancer are scarce...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737530/neuromandibular-integration-in-humans-and-chimpanzees-implications-for-dental-and-mandibular-reduction-in-homo
#17
Alessio Veneziano, Carlo Meloro, Joel D Irish, Chris Stringer, Antonio Profico, Isabelle De Groote
OBJECTIVES: Although the evolution of the hominin masticatory apparatus has been linked to diet and food processing, the physical connection between neurocranium and lower jaw suggests a role of encephalization in the trend of dental and mandibular reduction. Here, the hypothesis that tooth size and mandibular robusticity are influenced by morphological changes in the neurocranium was tested. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional landmarks, alveolar lengths, and mandibular robusticity data were recorded on a sample of chimpanzee and human skulls...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733398/pre-pregnancy-fast-food-and-fruit-intake-is-associated-with-time-to-pregnancy
#18
Jessica A Grieger, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Tanja Jankovic-Karasoulos, Lisa J Moran, Rebecca L Wilson, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Lucilla Poston, Lesley McCowan, Louise C Kenny, Jenny Myers, James J Walker, Robert J Norman, Gus A Dekker, Claire T Roberts
STUDY QUESTION: Is preconception dietary intake associated with reduced fecundity as measured by a longer time to pregnancy (TTP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lower intake of fruit and higher intake of fast food in the preconception period were both associated with a longer TTP. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several lifestyle factors, such as smoking and obesity, have consistently been associated with a longer TTP or infertility, but the role of preconception diet in women remains poorly studied...
May 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733027/proteomic-profile-of-ostrea-edulis-haemolymph-in-response-to-bonamiosis-and-identification-of-candidate-proteins-as-resistance-markers
#19
Nuria R de la Ballina, Antonio Villalba, Asunción Cao
European flat oyster Ostrea edulis populations have suffered extensive mortalities caused by bonamiosis. The protozoan parasite Bonamia ostreae is largely responsible for this disease in Europe, while its congener B. exitiosa has been detected more recently in various European countries. Both of these intracellular parasites are able to survive and proliferate within haemocytes, the main cellular effectors of the immune system in molluscs. Two-dimensional electrophoresis was used to compare the haemolymph protein profile between Bonamia spp...
May 7, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730890/local-radio-and-local-newspaper-best-methods-to-reach-older-male-population-for-euromelanoma-campaign-in-ireland
#20
L Griffin, D Roche, L Roche, M Murphy
The incidence of melanoma is increasing in Ireland and worldwide with higher rates of increase in Irish men (5% per year) compared to women (2.3% per year). Fortunately, overall mortality rates are not growing to the same extent especially in women, where mortality rates have flattened. Irish males, however, tend to present at a later stage with thicker tumors and have lower survival rates with the hazard ratio for men 61% greater than women when all other factors were allowed for. Survival from melanoma has been shown to be lower in men suggesting differences in tumour-host interaction across gender...
May 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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