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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814951/optimal-formulations-of-local-foods-to-achieve-nutritional-adequacy-for-6-23-month-old-rural-tanzanian-children
#1
Jofrey Raymond, Neema Kassim, Jerman W Rose, Morris Agaba
Background: Achieving nutritional goals of infants and young children while maintaining the intake of local and culture-specific foods can be a daunting task. Diet optimisation using linear goal programming (LP) can effectively generate optimal formulations incorporating local and culturally acceptable foods. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a realistic and affordable diet that achieves dietary recommended intakes (DRIs) for 22 selected nutrients can be formulated for rural 6-23-month-old children in Tanzania...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812525/a-cross-cultural-exploration-of-abortion-fund-patients-in-the-usa-and-the-republic-of-ireland-northern-ireland-and-the-isle-of-man
#2
Gretchen E Ely, Travis W Hales, D Lynn Jackson
This paper details results of a study examining administrative case data from 2010-2015 from abortion funds serving the USA and the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. Driven by the available data, the researchers compared organisational characteristics, patient characteristics, procedural costs, patient resources and the ratio between patient resources and procedural costs. Independent t-tests were conducted to assess whether differences in characteristics, costs or resources were significant...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811259/should-i-trust-you-learning-and-memory-of-social-interactions-in-dementia
#3
Stephanie Wong, Muireann Irish, Claire O'Callaghan, Fiona Kumfor, Greg Savage, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Michael Hornberger
Social relevance has an enhancing effect on learning and subsequent memory retrieval. The ability to learn from and remember social interactions may impact on susceptibility to financial exploitation, which is elevated in individuals with dementia. The current study aimed to investigate learning and memory of social interactions, the relationship between performance and financial vulnerability and the neural substrates underpinning performance in 14 Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 20 behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) patients and 20 age-matched healthy controls...
August 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810374/the-relationship-between-cyberbullying-and-friendship-dynamics-on-adolescent-body-dissatisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ursula Kenny, Lindsay Sullivan, Mary Callaghan, Michal Molcho, Colette Kelly
The relationship between cyberbullying and friendship dynamics on adolescent body dissatisfaction was examined. Data from the Irish contribution to the international cross-sectional 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study were used. Results showed that girls were three times more likely than boys to report that their body is too fat, and adolescents who were cyberbullied were almost twice as likely as adolescents who were not cyberbullied to consider themselves too fat. Stronger friendship dynamics were associated with decreased levels of body dissatisfaction, and friendship dynamics were found to partially mediate the relationship between cyberbullying and body dissatisfaction...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808669/factors-contributing-to-unexpected-retirement-and-unemployment-in-adults-over-50-years-old-in-ireland
#5
Alison Schinkel-Ivy, Irene Mosca, Avril Mansfield
Older adults are increasingly important to maintaining stable workforces. As such, factors contributing to early workforce exit must be identified. This study aimed to identify predictors of unexpected retirement and unemployment at older age, with respect to psychological constructs, resulting adverse behaviors, and health-related factors reflecting functional status. Data were extracted from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) to predict unexpected retirement and unemployment in older adults in Ireland...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807189/effect-of-non-monetary-incentives-on-uptake-of-couples-counselling-and-testing-among-clients-attending-mobile-hiv-services-in-rural-zimbabwe-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#6
Euphemia L Sibanda, Mary Tumushime, Juliet Mufuka, Sue Napierala Mavedzenge, Stephano Gudukeya, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, Karin Hatzold, Harsha Thirumurthy, Sandra I McCoy, Nancy Padian, Andrew Copas, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: Couples' HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is associated with greater engagement with HIV prevention and care than individual testing and is cost-effective, but uptake remains suboptimal. Initiating discussion of CHTC might result in distrust between partners. Offering incentives for CHTC could change the focus of the pre-test discussion. We aimed to determine the impact of incentives for CHTC on uptake of couples testing and HIV case diagnosis in rural Zimbabwe. METHODS: In this cluster-randomised trial, 68 rural communities (the clusters) in four districts receiving mobile HIV testing services were randomly assigned (1:1) to incentives for CHTC or not...
September 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798542/distribution-of-the-invasive-bryozoan-schizoporella-japonica-in-great-britain-and-ireland-and-a-review-of-its-european-distribution
#7
J Loxton, C A Wood, J D D Bishop, J S Porter, M Spencer Jones, C R Nall
The bryozoan Schizoporella japonica Ortmann (1890) was first recorded in European waters in 2010 and has since been reported from further locations in Great Britain (GB) and Norway. This paper provides a new earliest European record for the species from 2009, a first record from Ireland and presence and absence records from a total of 231 marinas and harbours across GB, Ireland, the Isle of Man, France and Portugal. This species is typically associated with human activity, including commercial and recreational vessels, aquaculture equipment, and both wave and tidal energy devices...
2017: Biological Invasions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797666/effect-of-pain-neurophysiology-education-on-physiotherapy-students-understanding-of-chronic-pain-clinical-recommendations-and-attitudes-towards-people-with-chronic-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
G Collearya, K O'Sullivan, D Griffin, C G Ryan, D J Martin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pain neurophysiology education (PNE) on student physiotherapists': (1) knowledge of chronic pain; (2) attitudes towards patients with chronic pain; and (3) clinical recommendations for patients with chronic pain. DESIGN: Multicentre single-blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: One UK and one Irish university. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-two student physiotherapists. INTERVENTION: Participants received either PNE (intervention) or a control education...
March 22, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795891/experience-using-closed-incision-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-sternotomy-patients
#9
B Philip, P McCluskey, J Hinchion
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delayed wound healing, surgical site infections (SSIs), and other wound complications are associated with increased morbidity and health-care costs. In cardiothoracic surgery, wound complications can have life-threatening consequences. In recent years, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been applied over closed surgical incisions to help reduce tension and protect from external contamination. We report our initial experiences using a closed incision negative pressure therapy (ciNPT) over clean, closed sternotomy incisions at an Irish tertiary referral centre...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794665/resident-wellness-institutional-trends-over-10-years-since-2003
#10
Dongseok Choi, Andrea Cedfeldt, Christine Flores, Kimberly Irish, Patrick Brunett, Donald Girard
BACKGROUND: The surveys in this study were carried out at the Graduate Medical Education Division at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU). OHSU implemented two significant wellness initiatives: a wellness program in 2004, and a policy allowing 4 half-days off each academic year to pursue personal or family health care needs in 2010. This study provides a secondary data analysis of five cross-sectional surveys of career satisfaction of resident and fellow trainees. METHODS: All trainees were surveyed five times over a 10-year period using anonymous, cross-sectional web-based survey instruments...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794012/surgeon-major-thomas-heazle-parke-1857-1893-irish-doctor-soldier-and-explorer
#11
EDITORIAL
Andrew Parke
Surgeon Major Thomas Heazle Parke (1857-1893) was a doctor from Drumsna, County Roscommon, who after completing his education at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland joined the British army as a medical officer. After several years of serving in Ireland and Egypt, he volunteered to be medical officer of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition of 1887-1889. This was to become Henry Morton Stanley's largest, longest and most controversial African expedition. The epic journey saw Stanley, his eight European officers and 800 African porters take almost 3 years to cross the African continent from West to East via the Congo River, Southern Sudan and Uganda...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791141/integrating-sentiment-and-social-structure-to-determine-preference-alignments-the-irish-marriage-referendum
#12
David J P O'Sullivan, Guillermo Garduño-Hernández, James P Gleeson, Mariano Beguerisse-Díaz
We examine the relationship between social structure and sentiment through the analysis of a large collection of tweets about the Irish Marriage Referendum of 2015. We obtain the sentiment of every tweet with the hashtags #marref and #marriageref that was posted in the days leading to the referendum, and construct networks to aggregate sentiment and use it to study the interactions among users. Our analysis shows that the sentiment of outgoing mention tweets is correlated with the sentiment of incoming mentions, and there are significantly more connections between users with similar sentiment scores than among users with opposite scores in the mention and follower networks...
July 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783230/the-madoffization-of-irish-society-from-ponzi-finance-to-sociological-critique
#13
Lee F Monaghan, Micheal O'Flynn
Financialization and neoliberal policy created the Celtic Tiger. This economic 'miracle' furthered creditors' and property developers' speculative interests, leading to an unstable financial pyramid that eventually imploded in 2008 with catastrophic consequences for Irish society. Using the sociological imagination as social critique, this paper offers a lens on fictitious capital and Ponzi finance in the context of Ireland's boom and bust. Critique is advanced using the Madoffization of society thesis, a sociological heuristic that draws formal comparisons between Bernie Madoff's US$65 billion Ponzi scheme, which collapsed in 2008, and financialized capitalism...
August 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780525/medical-students-perceptions-of-professional-misconduct-relationship-with-typology-and-year-of-programme
#14
Juliana Zulkifli, Brad Noel, Deirdre Bennett, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh
AIM: To examine the contribution of programme year and demographic factors to medical students' perceptions of evidence-based classification categories of professional misconduct. METHODS: Students at an Irish medical school were administered a cross-sectional survey comprising 31 vignettes of professional misconduct, which mapped onto a 12-category classification system. Students scored each item using a 5-point Likert scale, where 1 represents the least severe form of misconduct and 5 the most severe...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770453/examining-the-feasibility-and-utility-of-estimating-partial-expected-value-of-perfect-information-via-a-nonparametric-approach-as-part-of-the-reimbursement-decision-making-process-in-ireland-application-to-drugs-for-cancer
#15
Laura McCullagh, Susanne Schmitz, Michael Barry, Cathal Walsh
BACKGROUND: In Ireland, all new drugs for which reimbursement by the healthcare payer is sought undergo a health technology assessment by the National Centre for Pharmacoeconomics. The National Centre for Pharmacoeconomics estimate expected value of perfect information but not partial expected value of perfect information (owing to computational expense associated with typical methodologies). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility and utility of estimating partial expected value of perfect information via a computationally efficient, non-parametric regression approach...
August 2, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767061/bifurcatriol-a-new-antiprotozoal-acyclic-diterpene-from-the-brown-alga-bifurcaria-bifurcata
#16
Vangelis Smyrniotopoulos, Christian Merten, Marcel Kaiser, Deniz Tasdemir
Linear diterpenes that are commonly found in brown algae are of high chemotaxonomic and ecological importance. This study reports bifurcatriol (1), a new linear diterpene featuring two stereogenic centers isolated from the Irish brown alga Bifurcariabifurcata. The gross structure of this new natural product was elucidated based on its spectroscopic data (IR, 1D and 2D-NMR, HRMS). Its absolute configuration was identified by experimental and computational vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectroscopy, combined with the calculation of (13)C-NMR chemical shielding constants...
August 2, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766755/does-baseline-depression-increase-the-risk-of-unexplained-and-accidental-falls-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-older-people-data-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing-tilda
#17
Robert Briggs, Sean P Kennelly, Rose Anne Kenny
BACKGROUND: Depression independently increases the risk of falls in older people, but the mechanism for this relationship, as well as the specific falls type involved, remains unclear. Accidental falls (AFs) are due to slips or trips, while the cause of unexplained falls (UFs) is not immediately apparent and can include unrecognised syncope. METHOD: This longitudinal study examines the relationship between baseline depression and subsequent falls, both accidental and unexplained, at 2-year follow-up in a cohort of community dwelling adults aged ≥50 years...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765405/continuing-professional-development-and-irish-hospital-doctors-a-survey-of-current-use-and-future-needs
#18
Bridget Maher, Adnan Faruqui, Mary Horgan, Colm Bergin, Colm O Tuathaigh, Deirdre Bennett
Doctors rate clinical relevance and applicability as the most important determinants of continuing professional development (CPD) course selection. This study examined patterns of current CPD practice and perceived CPD needs among hospital doctors in Ireland across various clinical specialties. A cross-sectional survey was administered to doctors, focusing on the areas of training needs analysis, CPD course content and preferred course format. In total, 547 doctors identified doctor-patient communication as the skill ranked highest for importance and level of current performance...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764753/supporting-prescribing-in-older-people-with-multimorbidity-and-significant-polypharmacy-in-primary-care-sppire-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-and-pilot
#19
Caroline McCarthy, Barbara Clyne, Derek Corrigan, Fiona Boland, Emma Wallace, Frank Moriarty, Tom Fahey, Carmel Hughes, Paddy Gillespie, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, defined as the presence of at least two chronic conditions, becomes increasingly common in older people and is associated with poorer health outcomes and significant polypharmacy. The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recently published a multimorbidity guideline that advises providing an individualised medication review for all people prescribed 15 or more repeat medicines. This study incorporates this guideline and aims to assess the effectiveness of a complex intervention designed to support general practitioners (GPs) to reduce potentially inappropriate prescribing and consider deprescribing in older people with multimorbidity and significant polypharmacy in Irish primary care...
August 1, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764735/occurrence-of-cardiorespiratory-diseases-and-impact-on-lifespan-in-swedish-irish-wolfhounds-a-retrospective-questionnaire-based-study
#20
Lovisa Orleifson, Ingrid Ljungvall, Katja Höglund, Jens Häggström
BACKGROUND: According to Swedish animal insurance data, Irish Wolfhounds (IW) are 29 times more likely to die from cardiac causes than the baseline breed. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has a high prevalence in the breed and the disease has been shown to be hereditary in IW. Few studies address respiratory diseases in IW, but reports suggest that the incidence of pneumonia is high. Respiratory diseases are reported as a common cause of death in the breed along with cardiac, neoplastic, musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal diseases...
August 2, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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