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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912783/exploring-levers-and-barriers-to-accessing-primary-care-for-marginalised-groups-and-identifying-their-priorities-for-primary-care-provision-a-participatory-learning-and-action-research-study
#1
Patrick O'Donnell, Edel Tierney, Austin O'Carroll, Diane Nurse, Anne MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: The involvement of patients and the public in healthcare has grown significantly in recent decades and is documented in health policy documents internationally. Many benefits of involving these groups in primary care planning have been reported. However, these benefits are rarely felt by those considered marginalised in society and they are often excluded from participating in the process of planning primary care. It has been recommended to employ suitable approaches, such as co-operative and participatory initiatives, to enable marginalised groups to highlight their priorities for care...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909357/perceptions-of-leadership-comparing-canadian-and-irish-physiotherapists-views
#2
Emer McGowan, Gillian Martin, Emma Stokes
Purpose: To contribute to the growing body of research on leadership in physiotherapy by comparing leadership-related perceptions of physiotherapists in Ireland and in Canada. Methods: This article compares the results of a survey of Canadian physiotherapists with those of the same survey administered to Irish physiotherapists. The results of both studies have previously been reported and are used here to allow a cultural comparison of the perceptions of physiotherapists. The present study used two-portion Z-tests to compare the percentage of physiotherapists in Ireland who self-declared as a leader with the percentage of physiotherapists in Canada who did so...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908060/individual-differences-in-the-perception-of-regional-nonnative-and-disordered-speech-varieties
#3
Tessa Bent, Melissa Baese-Berk, Stephanie A Borrie, Megan McKee
Speech perception abilities vary substantially across listeners, particularly in adverse conditions including those stemming from environmental degradation (e.g., noise) or from talker-related challenges (e.g., nonnative or disordered speech). This study examined adult listeners' recognition of words in phrases produced by six talkers representing three speech varieties: a nonnative accent (Spanish-accented English), a regional dialect (Irish English), and a disordered variety (ataxic dysarthria). Semantically anomalous phrases from these talkers were presented in a transcription task and intelligibility scores, percent words correct, were compared across the three speech varieties...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905931/a-temporal-assessment-of-nematode-community-structure-and-diversity-in-the-rhizosphere-of-cisgenic-phytophthora-infestans-resistant-potatoes
#4
Vilma Ortiz, Sinead Phelan, Ewen Mullins
BACKGROUND: Nematodes play a key role in soil processes with alterations in the nematode community structure having the potential to considerably influence ecosystem functioning. As a result fluctuations in nematode diversity and/or community structure can be gauged as a 'barometer' of a soil's functional biodiversity. However, a deficit exists in regards to baseline knowledge and on the impact of specific GM crops on soil nematode populations and in particular in regard to the impact of GM potatoes on the diversity of nematode populations in the rhizosphere...
December 1, 2016: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#5
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899176/ecosystem-uptake-and-transfer-of-sellafield-derived-radiocarbon-14-c-part-2-the-west-of-scotland
#6
Kieran M Tierney, Graham K P Muir, Gordon T Cook, Gillian MacKinnon, John A Howe, Johanna J Heymans, David J Hughes, Sheng Xu
Ecosystem uptake and transfer of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon ((14)C) were examined within the West of Scotland marine environment. The dissolved inorganic carbon component of seawater, enriched in (14)C, is transported to the West of Scotland where it is transferred through the marine food web. Benthic and pelagic biota with variable life-spans living in the North Channel and Clyde Sea show comparable (14)C activities. This suggests that mixing of (14)C within the Irish Sea results in a relatively constant northwards dispersal of activity...
November 26, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890318/the-mandibular-molar-pit-tubercle-mmpt-dental-nonmetric-trait-comprehensive-analysis-of-a-large-sample
#7
Luís Miguel Marado, Ana Maria Silva
Dental nonmetric traits are quasicontinous variables, mostly of genetic origin. Thus, sets of such traits allow biological distance estimation between samples. Mandibular molar pit-tubercle (MMPT) is a buccal trait defined by Weets (2009) in Irish samples. This study aims to analyze (a) trait frequencies, (b) grade definitions, (c) intraobserver error, (d) sexual dimorphism, (e) asymmetry, and (f) trait associations for MMPT in a Portuguese sample. The first (LM1), second (LM2) and third (LM3) lower molars of 600 identified individuals from the Coimbra collections were scored for MMPT in three scoring sessions...
September 20, 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888187/what-does-the-alsfrs-r-really-measure-a-longitudinal-and-survival-analysis-of-functional-dimension-subscores-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#8
James Rooney, Tom Burke, Alice Vajda, Mark Heverin, Orla Hardiman
INTRODUCTION: ALS functional rating scale (revised) (ALSFRS-R) is the most widely used functional rating system in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, heterogeneity in ALSFRS-R progression renders analysis challenging. We have explored the characteristics of total ALSFRS-R, and ALSFRS-R subscores in longitudinal and survival models, to determine whether subscore analysis enhances the precision of the instrument. METHODS: All cases with ALSFRS-R scores on the Irish ALS register were included...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887740/outcomes-of-renal-transplantation-in-patients-with-bipolar-affective-disorder-and-schizophrenia-a-national-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Mary I Butler, Deirdre McCartan, Anne Cooney, Patrick O Kelly, Izhar Ahmed, Dilly Little, Siobhan MacHale, Peter Conlon
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) have in the past been excluded from organ transplantation programs based on their psychiatric illness. However, there is little data on the outcomes of renal transplantation in these patients and little evidence to support such exclusion. METHODS: We reviewed the database of the Irish National Renal Transplant Programme and identified all patients with a history of BPAD or schizophrenia who had received a transplant over a 28-year period...
September 20, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885651/barossa-night-cohesion-in-the-british-army-officer-corps
#10
Patrick Bury
Contrasting the classical explanation of military group cohesion as sustained by interpersonal bonds, recent scholars have highlighted the importance of ritualized communication, training and drills in explaining effective military performance in professional armies. While this has offered a welcome addition to the cohesion literature and a novel micro-sociological method of examining cohesion, its primary evidential base has been combat groups. Indeed, despite their prominent role in directing operations over the past decade, the British Army's officer corps has received relatively little attention from sociologists during this period...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881209/genetic-parameters-for-lameness-mastitis-and-dagginess-in-a-multi-breed-sheep-population
#11
A C O'Brien, N McHugh, E Wall, T Pabiou, K McDermott, S Randles, S Fair, D P Berry
The objective of the present study was to quantify the extent of genetic variation in three health-related traits namely dagginess, lameness and mastitis, in an Irish sheep population. Each of the health traits investigated pose substantial welfare implications as well as considerable economic costs to producers. Data were also available on four body-related traits, namely body condition score (BCS), live weight, muscle depth and fat depth. Animals were categorised as lambs (<365 days old) or ewes (⩾365 days old) and were analysed both separately and combined...
November 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876810/outcomes-of-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-in-paediatric-crohn-s-disease
#12
L Lafferty, M Tuohy, A Carey, S Sugrue, M Hurley, S Hussey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is a safe and effective treatment modality for inducing remission in paediatric Crohn's disease (CD). The primary aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of EEN to corticosteroid (CS) therapy in newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve patients with CD. A secondary aim was to describe the outcomes of EEN in a national cohort of paediatric CD patients over a 10-year period. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at the Irish national referral centre for paediatric CD...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876067/correlation-between-clinical-and-mri-assessment-of-depth-of-invasion-in-oral-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
H A Alsaffar, D P Goldstein, E V King, J R de Almeida, D H Brown, R W Gilbert, P J Gullane, O Espin-Garcia, W Xu, J C Irish
BACKGROUND: Neck metastasis is the most important prognostic factor in oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Apart from the T- stage, depth of invasion has been used as a highly predictable factor for microscopic neck metastasis, despite the controversy on the exact depth cut off point. Depth of invasion can be determined clinically and radio logically. However, there is no standard tool to determine depth of invasion preoperatively. Although MRI is used widely to stage the head and neck disease, its utility in depth evaluation has not formally been assessed...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864782/the-cost-of-inpatient-management-of-heart-failure-patients-a-microcosting-study-in-the-irish-healthcare-setting
#14
R B Morgan, L McCullagh, M Barry, C Daly
AIMS: To formally assess the resource use and cost of the inpatient treatment of heart failure (HF) from the health-payer's perspective. In addition, to compare costs in our cohort to (a) locally derived patient-level costs (PLC) and (b) national costs as per disease-related group (DRG). METHODS AND RESULTS: Study population Demographics and resource utilisation data were obtained from a cohort of 30 patients (57% male, mean age 70 years) admitted into a single tertiary centre with heart failure...
November 19, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862506/focus-group-interviews-examining-the-contribution-of-intellectual-disability-clinical-nurse-specialists-in-ireland
#15
Owen Doody, Eamonn Slevin, Laurence Taggart
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the contribution of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) in intellectual disability nursing in Ireland. BACKGROUND: While CNSs exist since the 1940's they have only been a reality in Ireland since 2001. While the role of CNS has developed over the years, it still however is often seen as a complex multifaceted role that causes confusion, frustration and controversy. DESIGN: A exploratory qualitative approach utilising focus groups with Irish intellectual disability CNSs (n=31)...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860009/evaluation-of-collection-methods-for-culex-quinquefasciatus-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-simpsoni-in-northeastern-tanzania
#16
Jonathan Harold Thornton, Bernard Malongo Batengana, Alvaro Eduardo Eiras, Seth Robert Irish
In East Africa, significant morbidity and mortality are caused by infections spread by Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti. Sticky traps have been shown to be effective tools for sampling populations of Aedes mosquitoes and have been found to catch Cx. quinquefasciatus. Thus, they could potentially be used to sample populations of this species. This study compared Sticky ovitraps (SO) and MosquiTraps (MQT) with the CDC Gravid trap (CDC-GT) for collection of Culex and Aedes mosquito populations in Tanzania...
December 2016: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852707/alcohol-consumption-among-university-students-a-typology-of-consumption-to-aid-the-tailoring-of-effective-public-health-policy
#17
Martin P Davoren, Mary Cronin, Ivan J Perry, Karl O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Elevated levels of alcohol consumption among university students are well documented. Policymakers have attempted to combat this issue at a university, national and international level. Tailoring public health policy to effectively tackle alcohol use is crucial. Using Q-methodology, the current study aims to develop a typology of alcohol consumption in the Irish university student population. SETTING: A large Irish university. PARTICIPANTS: Hundreds of possible statements on types of consumption were generated from a systematic review and a set of one-on-one interviews...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848254/comparing-initial-diagnostic-excision-biopsy-of-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma-in-primary-versus-secondary-care-a-study-of-irish-national-data
#18
Sarah M Doherty, Louise M Jackman, John F Kirwan, Deirdre Dunne, Kieran G O'Connor, John M Rouse
BACKGROUND: The incidence of melanoma is rising worldwide. Current Irish guidelines from the National Cancer Control Programme state suspicious pigmented lesions should not be removed in primary care. There are conflicting guidelines and research advising who should remove possible melanomas. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether initial diagnostic excision biopsy of cutaneous malignant melanoma in primary versus secondary care leads to poorer survival. METHODS: Analysis of data comprising 7116 cases of cutaneous malignant melanoma from the National Cancer Registry Ireland between January 2002 and December 2011...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846605/red-squirrels-in-the-british-isles-are-infected-with-leprosy-bacilli
#19
Charlotte Avanzi, Jorge Del-Pozo, Andrej Benjak, Karen Stevenson, Victor R Simpson, Philippe Busso, Joyce McLuckie, Chloé Loiseau, Colin Lawton, Janne Schoening, Darren J Shaw, Jérémie Piton, Lucio Vera-Cabrera, Jesùs S Velarde-Felix, Fergal McDermott, Stephen V Gordon, Stewart T Cole, Anna L Meredith
Leprosy, caused by infection with Mycobacterium leprae or the recently discovered Mycobacterium lepromatosis, was once endemic in humans in the British Isles. Red squirrels in Great Britain (Sciurus vulgaris) have increasingly been observed with leprosy-like lesions on the head and limbs. Using genomics, histopathology, and serology, we found M. lepromatosis in squirrels from England, Ireland, and Scotland, and M. leprae in squirrels from Brownsea Island, England. Infection was detected in overtly diseased and seemingly healthy animals...
November 11, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844336/radiation-safety-awareness-among-medical-interns-are-eu-guidelines-being-implemented
#20
A M Lee, M J Lee
BACKGROUND: European recommendations suggest that medical students should be taught radiation safety before entering clinical practice. AIM: The aim of this study was to produce a summative assessment of radiation protection training in medical school in Ireland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was distributed to the 2014 intern population (n = 683) via network intern-coordinators. The survey encompassed knowledge of radiation dose in X-ray investigations, laws governing the prescribing of radiation and complications of radiation exposure to staff and patients...
November 14, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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