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Elisenda Alari-Pahissa, Antía Moreira, Ana Zabalza, Roberto Alvarez-Lafuente, Elvira Munteis, Andrea Vera, Rafael Arroyo, Jose C Alvarez-Cermeño, Luisa Maria Villar, Miguel López-Botet, Jose E Martínez-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been recently associated with a lower multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility, remaining controversial whether it has a protective role or is merely an epiphenomenon related to westernization and early-life viral infections. We aimed to evaluate whether CMV serostatus may differ in early MS as compared to non-early MS patients, analyzing the putative association of this virus with MS clinical course and humoral immune responses against other herpesviruses...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Eman Farid, Mohammed Al-Biltagi
In Bahrain, adequate epidemiological information is lacking concerning the rate of EBV infection, which could be helpful in order to develop measures to protect against EBV infections. The aim of this study, was to investigate the trend of EBV infection in Bahrain over a 15-year period, 2001-2015. The EBV serological results of 10 560 patients with possible EBV infection were evaluated. Samples taken at the Salmaniya Medical Complex during 2001-2015 were included. The presence or absence of EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG, VCA IgM and EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) IgG antibodies was recorded...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Hajime Senjo, Akio Mori, Minoru Kanaya, Koh Izumiyama, Kohei Okada, Kimihiro Takeyabu, Hirotoshi Tobioka, Makoto Saito, Masanori Tanaka, Takanori Teshima, Masanobu Morioka
An 84-year-old man, who had received artificial pneumothorax for pulmonary tuberculosis 67 years previously, complained of severe chest pain. Chest CT revealed chronic pyothorax with multiple heterogeneously enhanced cavity lesions in the wall of the right intrathoracic space.18 FDG-PET revealed that the lesions showed an abnormal uptake. CT-guided biopsy was performed and he was diagnosed with pyothorax-associated lymphoma (PAL); the histological diagnosis was diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Furthermore, immunohistochemical staining revealed that the tumor cells were positive for EBNA-2 and LMP-1, suggesting that the latent gene products of Epstein-Barr virus were associated with the development of PAL...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Jingtao Cui, Wenjuan Yan, Shaoxia Xu, Qiaofeng Wang, Weihong Zhang, Wenjing Liu, Anping Ni
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) which is prevalent in South China, and its association with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or other autoimmune diseases has not been studied in the mainland of China. The EBV serological tests have been performed on patients with various diseases or manifestations for years at our institution and their values need to be evaluated. METHODS: For routine medical purposes, anti-EB viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG, IgA and IgM antibodies, anti-EBV diffuse early antigen (EA-D) IgA antibodies, and anti-EBV nuclear antigen-1(EBNA-1) IgG antibodies were tested with commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in patients visiting Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2013 and 2017...
2018: PloS One
Nicole Hartwig Trier, Bettina Eide Holm, Julie Heiden, Ole Slot, Henning Locht, Hanne Lindegaard, Anders Svendsen, Christoffer Tandrup Nielsen, Søren Jacobsen, Elke Theander, Gunnar Houen
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) are crucial for the serological diagnosis of RA, where Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been suggested to be an environmental agent in triggering the onset of the disease. This study aimed to analyse antibody reactivity to citrullinated EBV nuclear antigen-2 (EBNA-2) peptides from three different EBV strains (B95-8, GD1 and AG876) using streptavidin capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. One peptide, only found in a single strain (AG876), obtained a sensitivity and specificity of 77% and 95%, respectively and showed high sequence similarity to the filaggrin peptide originally used for ACPA detection...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chong Wang, Hufeng Zhou, Yong Xue, Jun Liang, Yohei Narita, Catherine Gerdt, Amy Y Zheng, Runsheng Jiang, Stephen Trudeau, Chih-Wen Peng, Benjamin Gewurz, Bo Zhao
Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen (EBNA) leader protein (EBNALP) is one of the first viral genes expressed upon B-cell infection. EBNALP is essential for EBV-mediated B cell immortalization. EBNALP is thought to function primarily by co-activaing EBNA2-mediated transcription. Chromatin immune precipitation followed by deep-sequencing (ChIP-seq) studies highlight that EBNALP frequently co-occupies DNA sites with host cell transcription factors (TFs), in particular EP300, implicating a broader role in transcription regulation...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Virology
Agnieszka Szymula, Richard D Palermo, Amr Bayoumy, Ian J Groves, Mohammed Ba Abdullah, Beth Holder, Robert E White
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) is the first viral latency-associated protein produced after EBV infection of resting B cells. Its role in B cell transformation is poorly defined, but it has been reported to enhance gene activation by the EBV protein EBNA2 in vitro. We generated EBNA-LP knockout (LPKO) EBVs containing a STOP codon within each repeat unit of IR1. EBNA-LP-mutant EBVs established lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from adult B cells at reduced efficiency, but not from umbilical cord B cells, which died approximately two weeks after infection...
February 20, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
A Laurent, A Klich, P Roy, B Lina, B Kassai, J Bacchetta, P Cochat
Pediatric R-Tx patients are at high risk of developing EBV primary infection. Although high DNA replication is a risk factor for PTLD, some patients develop PTLD with low viral load. In this retrospective single-center study including all pediatric patients having received R-Tx (2003-2012 period), we aimed to identify risk factors for uncontrolled reactions to EBV (defined as the presence of a viral load >10 000 copies/mL or PTLD). A Cox proportional hazard model was performed. A total of 117 patients underwent R-Tx at a mean age of 9...
February 11, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
Karim L Kreft, Gijsbert P Van Nierop, Sandra M J Scherbeijn, Malou Janssen, Georges M G M Verjans, Rogier Q Hintzen
Objective: To assess whether MS genetic risk polymorphisms (single nucleotide polymorphism [SNP]) contribute to the enhanced humoral immune response against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in patients with MS. Methods: Serum anti-EBV nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1) and early antigen D (EA-D) immunoglobulin γ (IgG) levels were quantitatively determined in 668 genotyped patients with MS and 147 healthy controls. Anti-varicella-zoster virus (VZV) IgG levels were used as a highly prevalent, non-MS-associated control herpesvirus...
November 2017: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
Ashleigh B Bachman, Dimitra Keramisanou, Wanping Xu, Kristin Beebe, Michael A Moses, M V Vasantha Kumar, Geoffrey Gray, Radwan Ebna Noor, Arjan van der Vaart, Len Neckers, Ioannis Gelis
During the Hsp90-mediated chaperoning of protein kinases, the core components of the machinery, Hsp90 and the cochaperone Cdc37, recycle between different phosphorylation states that regulate progression of the chaperone cycle. We show that Cdc37 phosphorylation at Y298 results in partial unfolding of the C-terminal domain and the population of folding intermediates. Unfolding facilitates Hsp90 phosphorylation at Y197 by unmasking a phosphopeptide sequence, which serves as a docking site to recruit non-receptor tyrosine kinases to the chaperone complex via their SH2 domains...
January 17, 2018: Nature Communications
L Han, Y Zhang, Q Wang, M Xin, K Yang, K Lei, M Sun
Epstein-Barr (EB) virus infection has long been speculated to evoke systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Since a virus infection can induce interferon (IFN) system activation, we aimed to discover the relationship between the two in the progression of SLE in a Chinese inpatient cohort. Methods Peripheral blood mononuclear cells and sera were isolated from 116 SLE patients and 76 healthy controls. Antibodies against EBV-VCA (IgM and IgG) and EBNA (IgG) along with IFNα in patient sera were detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
Radia Yahia, Chahinez Zaoui, Wafaa Derbale, Hafsa Boudi, Yahia Chebloune, Tewfik Sahraoui, Fatima Zohra Elkebir
Breast cancer is the common malignancy that affects women worldwide, but conventional risk factors account for only a small proportion of these cases. A possible viral etiology for breast cancer has been proposed and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a widely studied candidate virus. The objective of this study is to determine the association of EBV infection with infiltrating ductal carcinomas (IDC). This descriptive study was carried out in the laboratory of developmental biology and differentiation, from 2012 to 2014...
January 16, 2018: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Sonia Chelouah, Emilie Cochet, Sophie Couvé, Sandy Balkaran, Aude Robert, Evelyne May, Vasily Ogryzko, Joëlle Wiels
The Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) acts as a co-activator of EBNA-2, a transcriptional activator essential for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced B-cell transformation. Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells harboring a mutant EBV strain that lacks both the EBNA-2 gene and 3' exons of EBNA-LP express Y1Y2-truncated isoforms of EBNA-LP (tEBNA-LP) and better resist apoptosis than if infected with the wild-type virus. In such BL cells, tEBNA-LP interacts with the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) catalytic subunit (PP2A C), and this interaction likely plays a role in resistance to apoptosis...
January 5, 2018: Cancers
Maria K Smatti, Hadi M Yassine, Raed AbuOdeh, Asmaa AlMarawani, Sara A Taleb, Asmaa A Althani, Gheyath K Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis. EBV is highly prevalent lymphotropic herpesvirus and has been linked to several malignancies. Transmission is generally by oral secretions, but can be through blood transfusions and organ transplantations. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence, viremia rates, and circulating genotypes of EBV in healthy blood donors in Qatar. METHODS: Blood samples from 673 blood donors of different nationalities residing in Qatar (mainly Qatar, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Pakistan, and India) were collected and tested for anti-EBV capsid (VCA; IgG & IgM), nuclear (EBNA; IgG), and early (EA-D; IgG) antigens...
2017: PloS One
Evan S Vista, Michael H Weisman, Mariko L Ishimori, Hua Chen, Rebecka L Bourn, Ben F Bruner, Laniyati Hamijoyo, Robelle D Tanangunan, Noga J Gal, Julie M Robertson, John B Harley, Joel M Guthridge, Sandra V Navarra, Judith A James
Objectives: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is considered an important environmental factor in SLE aetiology, but the relationship between SLE and EBV in the Filipino population is unknown. We tested associations between SLE, lupus-associated autoantibodies and seropositivity for EBV and other herpes viruses in the Filipino population. Methods: Sera from Filipino patients with SLE (n=233), unaffected first-degree relatives (FDRs, n=543) and unrelated controls (n=221) were tested for antibodies against EBV, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1 and HSV-2) by standardised ELISAs...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
Catherine François, Christine Segard, Maryline Bouvier, Martine Stefanski, Christine Pannier, Patricia Zawadzki, Catherine Roussel, Denise Hecquet, Gilles Duverlie, Etienne Brochot, Sandrine Castelain
This study compared the performance of 3 automated immunoassays, Architect® (Abbott), Immulite® (Siemens) and Liaison® (Diasorin), for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) serology. Ninety-one serum samples collected in Amiens University Hospital were analyzed for the presence of Viral Capsid Antigen (VCA) IgG and IgM and Epstein-Barr Nuclear Antigen (EBNA) IgG. The agreement between the 3 assays was calculated for each marker individually and for determination of the EBV profile, based on interpretation of the combination of these 3 EBV markers...
February 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Alicia Castán, Vanessa Fernández-Calleja, Pablo Hernández, Dora B Krimer, Jorge B Schvartzman, María-José Fernández-Nestosa
Simian Virus 40 (SV40) and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) are frequently used as model systems to study DNA replication. Their genomes are both circular duplex DNAs organized in a single replicon where replication initiates at a precise site upon binding of a specific protein: the large tumor (T) antigen for SV40 and the Epstein-Barr Nuclear Antigen 1 (EBNA-1) for EBV. Despite the abundant information available on the genetics and biochemistry of the replication process in these systems, little is known about the changes in DNA topology that take place as molecules are transfected into eukaryotic cells, assembled into chromatin and bind initiator proteins to start replication...
2017: PloS One
R Trastoy Pena, J J Costa Alcalde, J Rodríguez Calviño, D Navarro de la Cruz, G Barbeito Castiñeiras, A Aguilera Guirao
OBJECTIVE: In Spain, the age and sex to which the primary infection by EBV is produced is poorly studied. The objective of this work is to know its relation with the presence of the primary infection by EBV between the years 2006 and 2015 in our health area. METHODS: From the Santiago de Compostela health area between 2006 and 2015, 578 patients with serological patterns of EBV primoinfection were selected. This patients presented serological results of IgM-VCA positive, IgG-VCA positive and EBNA negative...
November 21, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Fatma Kamer Varıcı Balcı, Özgen Alpay Özbek, Ayça Arzu Sayıner
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis. Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases are also associated with EBV. Diagnosis is frequently based on detection of specific antibodies. Using three parameters (anti VCA-IgM, anti VCA-IgG and anti EBNA-1 IgG), it is possible to define infection status and diagnose acute or past infection. However, sometimes the detection of atypical serological profiles makes it difficult to interpret these results...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Daniela Lau, Dzemal Elezagic, Gabriele Hermes, Matthias Mörgelin, Alexander P Wohl, Manuel Koch, Ursula Hartmann, Stefan Höllriegl, Raimund Wagener, Mats Paulsson, Thomas Streichert, Andreas R Klatt
C-type lectin domain family 3 member A (CLEC3A) is a poorly characterized protein belonging to the superfamily of C-type lectins. Its closest homologue tetranectin binds to the kringle 4 domain of plasminogen and enhances its association with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) thereby enhancing plasmin production, but whether CLEC3A contributes to plasminogen activation is unknown. Here, we recombinantly expressed murine and human full-length CLEC3As as well as truncated forms of CLEC3A in HEK-293 EBNA cells...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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