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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887749/angiogenic-factors-are-associated-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Sajad Karampoor, Hamid Zahednasab, Sreeram Ramagopalan, Masoud Mehrpour, Hossein Keyvani
A growing body of evidence suggests that angiogenesis plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Animal models of MS show a significant improvement when the process of angiogenesis is halted. In this study, we measured the serum levels of vascular-endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble Endoglin (sEng), angiopoietin 1(Ang-1), angiopoietin 2 (Ang-2), and uric acid (UA) as well as serum anti-Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) EBNA-1 IgG in 50 MS patients (including 20 newly diagnosed and 30 patients taking IFN-beta for >6months) and 40 healthy individuals...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742302/kidney-graft-leiomyosarcoma-a-case-report
#2
I Laranjinha, P Matias, C Jorge, R Birne, A Weigert, T Adragão, M Bruges, R A Cabrera, J Cassis, S Ramos, A Nogueira, J Godinho, H Messias, D Machado
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant (KT) recipients have a higher incidence of malignancy than the general population. Smooth muscle tumors (SMT), including leiomyosarcoma, are rare in kidney transplant recipients, and most cases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old man received a deceased donor kidney transplant at the age of 53 years, with 5 human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches. Before the transplantation, the patient was IgG positive for EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA), negative for IgM EBV VCA, and also negative for IgG EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA), suggesting a prior EBV infection...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694423/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorders-in-neuronal-xenotransplanted-macaques
#3
L Cavicchioli, S Ferraresso, S Westmoreland, S Kaliyaperumal, H Knight, C Crossan, L Scobie, A Danesi, M Vadori, D Trez, R Aron Badin, P Hantraye, E Cozzi
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoid proliferations that occur in the setting of depressed T-cell function due to immunosuppressive therapy used following solid organ transplantation, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and also xenotransplantation. In the present study, 28 immunosuppressed parkinsonian Macaca fascicularis were intracerebrally injected with wild-type or CTLA4-Ig transgenic porcine xenografts to identify a suitable strategy to enable long-term cell survival, maturation, and differentiation...
September 30, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686857/ganetespib-an-hsp90-inhibitor-kills-epstein-barr-virus-ebv-infected-b-and-t-cells-and-reduces-the-percentage-of-ebv-infected-cells-in-the-blood
#4
Amber Shatzer, Mir A Ali, Mayra Chavez, Kennichi Dowdell, Min-Jung Lee, Yusuke Tomita, Iman El-Hariry, Jane B Trepel, David A Proia, Jeffrey I Cohen
HSP90 inhibitors have been shown to kill Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-infected cells by reducing the level of EBV EBNA-1 and/or LMP1. We treated virus-infected cells with ganetespib, an HSP90 inhibitor currently being evaluated in multiple clinical trials for cancer and found that the drug killed EBV-positive B and T cells and reduced the level of both EBV EBNA-1 and LMP1. Treatment of cells with ganetespib also reduced the level of pAkt. Ganetespib delayed the onset of EBV-positive lymphomas and prolonged survival in SCID mice inoculated with one EBV-transformed B-cell line, but not another B-cell line...
August 11, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681719/anti-cancer-effect-of-quercetin-in-xenograft-models-with-ebv-associated-human-gastric-carcinoma
#5
Hwan Hee Lee, Seulki Lee, Yu Su Shin, Miyeon Cho, Hyojeung Kang, Hyosun Cho
Licorice extracts have been widely used in herbal and folk medications. Glycyrrhiza contains diverse range of biological compounds including triterpenes (glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhizic acid) and flavonoids (quercetin, liquiritin, liquiritigenin, glabridin, licoricidin, isoliquiritigenin). The flavonoids in licorice are known to have strong anti-cancer activities. Quercetin, the most abundant flavonoid, has been shown to have anti-ulcer, anti-cancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection can lead to serious malignancies, such as, Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and gastric carcinoma(GC), and (Epstein-Barr virus associated gastric carcinoma) EBVaGC is one of the most common EBV-associated cancers...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677953/epstein-barr-virus-associated-gastric-cancer-and-potential-mechanisms-of-oncogenesis
#6
Ezequiel M Fuentes-Pananá, Abigail Morales-Sánchez
EBV-associated Gastric Cancer (EBVaGC) comprises about 9% of all cases of GC and constitutes a distinct clinicopathological and molecular entity. The pattern of viral expression in EBVaGC cannot be set to any of the previously EBV-associated malignancies. Several lines of evidence support that viral expression in EBVaGC is characterized by high transcription of the BamH1-A rightward transcript (BART), low-levels of EBNA-1 and lack of LMP1. The high transcription activity of the BamH1-A region is importantly directed to express BART miRNAs, supporting a critical role for these miRNAs during epithelial cell infection and carcinogenesis...
September 26, 2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621818/mapping-an-epitope-in-ebna-1-that-is-recognized-by-monoclonal-antibodies-to-ebna-1-that-cross-react-with-dsdna
#7
Pragya Yadav, Matthew T Carr, Ruby Yu, Alice Mumbey-Wafula, Linda A Spatz
INTRODUCTION: The Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) has been associated with the autoimmune disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). EBV nuclear antigen-I (EBNA-1) is the major nuclear protein of EBV. We previously generated an IgG monoclonal antibody (MAb) to EBNA-1, 3D4, and demonstrated that it cross-reacts with double stranded DNA (dsDNA) and binds the 148 amino acid viral binding site (VBS) in the carboxyl region of EBNA-1. The aim of the present study was to characterize another antibody to EBNA-1 that cross-reacts with dsDNA, compare its immunoglobulin genes to 3D4, and finely map the epitope in EBNA-1 that is recognized by these cross-reactive antibodies...
September 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547238/salivary-and-serum-il-10-tnf-%C3%AE-tgf-%C3%AE-vegf-levels-in-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-correlation-with-hpv-and-ebv-infections
#8
Małgorzata Polz-Dacewicz, Małgorzata Strycharz-Dudziak, Jakub Dworzański, Agnieszka Stec, Joanna Kocot
BACKGROUND: Each year approximately 6,000 new cases of head and neck cancer are registered in Poland. Human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) have been associated with tumour formation. Cytokines have been shown to play an important role both in inflammation and carcinogenesis and they can be detected in saliva and serum with ELISA assays. Salivary biomarkers may be used as markers of early cancer detection. The aim of this study was the analysis of the serum and salivary levels of IL-10, TNF-α, TGF-β and VEGF in patients with oropharyngeal cancer and in healthy individuals...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535048/stimulation-of-the-replication-of-icp0-null-mutant-herpes-simplex-virus-1-and-pp71-deficient-human-cytomegalovirus-by-epstein-barr-virus-tegument-protein-bnrf1
#9
Yongxu Lu, Anne Orr, Roger D Everett
: It is now well established that several cellular proteins that are components of promyelocytic leukemia nuclear bodies (PML NBs, also known as ND10) have restrictive effects on herpesvirus infections that are countered by viral proteins that are either present in the virion particle or are expressed during the earliest stages of infection. For example, herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) immediate early (IE) protein ICP0 overcomes the restrictive effects of PML-NB components PML, Sp100, hDaxx, and ATRX while human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) IE protein IE1 targets PML and Sp100, and its tegument protein pp71 targets hDaxx and ATRX...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512979/human-urinary-epithelial-cells-as-a-source-of-engraftable-hepatocyte-like-cells-using-stem-cell-technology
#10
Vanessa Sauer, Tatyana Tchaikovskaya, Xia Wang, Yanfeng Li, Wei Zhang, Krisztina Tar, Zsuzsanna Polgar, Jianqiang Ding, Chandan Guha, Ira J Fox, Namita Roy-Chowdhury, Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury
Although several types of somatic cells have been reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) and then differentiated to hepatocyte-like cells (iHep), the method for generating such cells from renal tubular epithelial cells shed in human urine and transplanting them in animal livers has not been described systematically. We report reprogramming of human urinary epithelial cells to iPSCs and subsequent hepatic differentiation, followed by a detailed characterization of the newly generated iHeps. The epithelial cells were reprogrammed into iPSCs by delivering the pluripotency factors OCT3/4, SOX2, KLF4 and MYC using methods that do not involve transgene integration, such as nucleofection of episomal (oriP/EBNA-1) plasmids or infection with recombinant Sendai viruses...
June 9, 2016: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490482/myc-activation-and-bcl2l11-silencing-by-a-tumour-virus-through-the-large-scale-reconfiguration-of-enhancer-promoter-hubs
#11
C David Wood, Hildegonda Veenstra, Sarika Khasnis, Andrea Gunnell, Helen M Webb, Claire Shannon-Lowe, Simon Andrews, Cameron S Osborne, Michelle J West
Lymphomagenesis in the presence of deregulated MYC requires suppression of MYC-driven apoptosis, often through downregulation of the pro-apoptotic BCL2L11 gene (Bim). Transcription factors (EBNAs) encoded by the lymphoma-associated Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) activate MYC and silence BCL2L11. We show that the EBNA2 transactivator activates multiple MYC enhancers and reconfigures the MYC locus to increase upstream and decrease downstream enhancer-promoter interactions. EBNA2 recruits the BRG1 ATPase of the SWI/SNF remodeller to MYC enhancers and BRG1 is required for enhancer-promoter interactions in EBV-infected cells...
2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458150/epstein-barr-virus-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-egyptian-paediatric-patients-with-acute-b-lymphoblastic-leukaemia
#12
Mohamed E Ateyah, Mona E Hashem, Mohamed Abdelsalam
OBJECTIVE: Acute B lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) is the most common type of childhood malignancy worldwide but little is known of its origin. Recently, many studies showed both a high incidence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and high levels of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)(Treg cells) in children with B-ALL. In our study, we investigated the possible relationship between EBV infection and the onset of B-ALL, and its relation to expression of CD4(+), CD25(high+)Foxp3+ T regulatory cells...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430663/epstein-barr-virus-strains-and-variations-geographic-or-disease-specific-variants
#13
Marco Neves, Joana Marinho-Dias, Joana Ribeiro, Hugo Sousa
The Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is associated with the development of several diseases, including infectious mononucleosis (IM), Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL), Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and other neoplasias. The publication of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) genome 1984 led to several studies regarding the identification of different viral strains. Currently, EBV is divided into EBV type 1 (B95-8 strain) and EBV type 2 (AG876 strain), also known as type A and type B, which have been distinguished based upon genetic differences in the Epstein-Barr nuclear antigens (EBNAs) sequence...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397076/fine-specificity-of-the-antibody-response-to-epstein-barr-nuclear-antigen-2-and-other-epstein-barr-virus-proteins-in-patients-with-clinically-isolated-syndrome-a-peptide-microarray-based-case-control-study
#14
Ludwig Schlemm, René Markus Giess, Ludwig Rasche, Catherina Pfuhl, Katharina Wakonig, Janina Ruth Behrens, Carmen Scheibenbogen, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Friedemann Paul, Ulf Reimer, Klemens Ruprecht
We analyzed the fine specificity of antibodies to Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-2 (EBNA-2) and other Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) proteins in 29 patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS, the first clinical manifestation of multiple sclerosis [MS]) and 29 controls with a peptide microarray containing 117 overlapping peptides representing the full-length EBNA-2 protein and 71 peptides from 8 further EBV proteins. While EBV peptide antibodies were elevated in CIS, suggesting that EBV contributes to MS early during disease development, they discriminated groups only slightly better than EBNA-1 antibodies...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367028/evaluation-of-the-risk-of-lymphomagenesis-in-xenografts-by-the-pcr-based-detection-of-ebv-bamhi-w-region-in-patient-cancer-specimens
#15
Junko Mukohyama, Dai Iwakiri, Yoh Zen, Toru Mukohara, Hironobu Minami, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yohei Shimono
Establishment of patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDXs) is hampered by lymphomagenesis mostly caused by the latently-infected Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) contained in patient cancer tissues. However, the character of patient tissues that result in lymphomagenesis after xenotransplantation is not elucidated. In this study, we analyzed the patient colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and the PDXs established by their xenotransplantation. We found that 2 of 9 (22%) PDX tumors were EBV-associated human diffuse large B cell lymphoma which was formed by clonal proliferation of human B-cell lymphocytes, were strongly positive for EBER-ISH, and were classified as type III latency...
June 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258036/evaluation-of-the-abbot-architect-%C3%A2-epstein-barr-virus-viral-capsid-antigen-igm-viral-capsid-antigen-igg-and-nuclear-antigen-igg-assays-in-a-pediatric-and-adult-population
#16
Simon Grandjean Lapierre, Emilie Vallières, Leila Rabaamad, Manon Labrecque, Caroline Chartrand, Christian Renaud
BACKGROUND: The detection of antibodies against Epstein-Barr viral capsid (VCA) and nuclear (EBNA) antigens is routinely performed with different commercially available immunoassays. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the concordance and performance of the Architect(™) chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassays (CMIAs) using Captia(™) enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for VCA IgM, and standard immunofluorescence (IF) assays for VCA IgG and EBNA IgG as comparative techniques...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255888/antibodies-directed-against-endogenous-and-exogenous-citrullinated-antigens-pre-date-the-onset-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Linda Johansson, Federico Pratesi, Mikael Brink, Lisbeth Ärlestig, Claudia D'Amato, Debora Bartaloni, Paola Migliorini, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist
BACKGROUND: Anti-citrullinated-peptide antibodies (ACPA) have been detected in individuals with developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) before the onset of symptom, with an initially limited spectrum of reactivities that gradually broadens. The aim was to analyze the evolution of ACPA response pre-dating symptom onset, using four selected citrullinated exogenous and endogenous antigens. METHODS: A cohort of 521 individuals sampled before symptoms of RA appeared and 272 population controls were identified from the Biobank of Northern Sweden; 241 samples from patients with early RA were also collected...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217871/serological-response-to-epstein-barr-virus-early-antigen-is-associated-with-gastric-cancer-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-zambian-adults-a-case-control-study
#18
Violet Kayamba, Mwaka Monze, Akwi Wasi Asombang, Kanekwa Zyambo, Paul Kelly
INTRODUCTION: Gastric cancer is one of the major causes of cancer related deaths, but data from sub-Saharan Africa are very scanty. The cancer genome atlas (TCGA) initiative confirmed Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) related cancer as a distinct subtype, and we set out to look for serological evidence of its role in a sub-Saharan African patient group. METHODS: We used stored serum samples obtained from a gastric cancer case-control study conducted between 2010 and 2012 in Lusaka, Zambia...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181993/a-pre-eclampsia-associated-epstein-barr-virus-antibody-cross-reacts-with-placental-gpr50
#19
Serra E Elliott, Nicholas F Parchim, Rodney E Kellems, Yang Xia, Alex R Soffici, Patrick S Daugherty
To characterize antibody specificities associated with pre-eclampsia (PE), bacterial displayed peptide library screening and evolution was applied to identify peptide epitopes recognized by plasma antibodies present in women with PE near the time of delivery. Pre-eclamptic women exhibited elevated IgG1 titers towards a peptide epitope KRPSCIGCK within the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1). EBNA-1 epitope antibodies cross-reacted with a similar epitope within the extracellular N-terminus of the human G protein-coupled receptor, GPR50, expressed in human placental tissue and immortalized placental trophoblast cells...
July 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174201/generation-and-characterization-of-integration-free-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-patients-with-autoimmune-disease
#20
Mi-Young Son, Mi-Ok Lee, Hyejin Jeon, Binna Seol, Jung Hwa Kim, Jae-Suk Chang, Yee Sook Cho
Autoimmune diseases (AIDs), a heterogeneous group of immune-mediated disorders, are a major and growing health problem. Although AIDs are currently treated primarily with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs, the use of stem cell transplantation in patients with AIDs is becoming increasingly common. However, stem cell transplantation therapy has limitations, including a shortage of available stem cells and immune rejection of cells from nonautologous sources. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology, which allows the generation of patient-specific pluripotent stem cells, could offer an alternative source for clinical applications of stem cell therapies in AID patients...
2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
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