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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338954/perceived-and-observed-food-environments-eating-behaviors-and-bmi
#1
Julia M Alber, Sarah H Green, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: This study examines relationships between perceived and observed nutrition environments, diet, and BMI, in order to examine the criterion validity of the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey-Perceived (NEMS-P). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, perceived nutrition environments were assessed (NEMS-P) among 221 adults from four neighborhoods in the Philadelphia area in 2010 and 2011. A total of 158 food store environments were observed using the NEMS-Stores...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328959/impact-of-individual-and-neighborhood-factors-on-disparities-in-prostate-cancer-survival
#2
Mindy C DeRouen, Clayton W Schupp, Jocelyn Koo, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Salma Shariff-Marco, Myles Cockburn, David O Nelson, Sue A Ingles, Esther M John, Scarlett L Gomez
BACKGROUND: We addressed the hypothesis that individual-level factors act jointly with social and built environment factors to influence overall survival for men with prostate cancer and contribute to racial/ethnic and socioeconomic (SES) survival disparities. METHODS: We analyzed multi-level data, combining (1) individual-level data from the California Collaborative Prostate Cancer Study, a population-based study of non-Hispanic White (NHW), Hispanic, and African American prostate cancer cases (N = 1800) diagnosed from 1997 to 2003, with (2) data on neighborhood SES (nSES) and social and built environment factors from the California Neighborhoods Data System, and (3) data on tumor characteristics, treatment and follow-up through 2009 from the California Cancer Registry...
January 9, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289640/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-influence-of-neighborhood-environment-on-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-variation-by-age-gender-and-environment-characteristics
#3
Yong Yang, Yu Jiang, Yanqing Xu, Fawaz Mzayek, Marian Levy
To examine the influence of neighborhood environment on childhood overweight and obesity in Shelby County Schools, Tennessee, and whether and to what extent that influence varies by age, gender, and the specific environment characteristics. 41,283 students were surveyed covering both individual-level covariates and several objective measures of neighborhood environment. Multilevel logistic regressions were used to examine the influence of neighborhood-level variables on overweight+obesity and obesity with adjustment of individual-level covariates...
December 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222610/characterizing-the-neighborhood-obesogenic-environment-in-the-multiethnic-cohort-a-multi-level-infrastructure-for-cancer-health-disparities-research
#4
Shannon M Conroy, Salma Shariff-Marco, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Myles Cockburn, Yurii B Shvetsov, Christina A Clarke, Cheryl L Abright, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Kristine R Monroe, Lynne R Wilkens, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Iona Cheng
PURPOSE: We characterized the neighborhood obesogenic environment in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) by examining the associations of obesity with attributes of the social and built environment, establishing a multi-level infrastructure for future cancer research. METHODS: For 102,906 African American, Japanese American, Latino, and white MEC participants residing predominately in Los Angeles County, baseline residential addresses (1993-1996) were linked to census and geospatial data, capturing neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), population density, commuting, food outlets, amenities, walkability, and traffic density...
December 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218540/corporate-philanthropy-toward-community-health-improvement-in-manufacturing-communities
#5
Megan McHugh, Diane Farley, Claude R Maechling, Dorothy D Dunlop, Dustin D French, Jane L Holl
Virtually all large employers engage in corporate philanthropy, but little is known about the extent to which it is directed toward improving community health. We conducted in-depth interviews with leaders of corporate philanthropy from 13 of the largest manufacturing companies in the US to understand how giving decisions were made, the extent to which funding was directed towards improving community health, and whether companies coordinate with local public health agencies. We found that corporate giving was sizable and directed towards communities in which the manufacturers have a large presence...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206987/neighborhood-physical-environment-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-results-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#6
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Kari A B Moore, Amy H Auchincloss, Mahasin S Mujahid, Carmella August, Brisa N Sanchez, Ana V Diez Roux
Longitudinal associations between neighborhood characteristics and body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) were assessed from 2000 to 2011 among 5,919 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. The perceived availability of healthy food and walking environment were assessed via surveys, and 1-mile (1.6-km) densities of supermarkets, fruit-and-vegetable stores, and recreational facilities were obtained through a commercial database. Econometric fixed-effects models were used to estimate the association between within-person changes in neighborhood characteristics and within-person change in BMI...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197530/the-neighborhood-environment-and-obesity-understanding-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#7
Michelle S Wong, Kitty S Chan, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Roland J Thorpe, Sara N Bleich
Neighborhood characteristics have been associated with obesity, but less is known whether relationships vary by race/ethnicity. This study examined the relationship between soda consumption - a behavior strongly associated with obesity - and weight status with neighborhood sociodemographic, social, and built environments by race/ethnicity. We merged data on adults from the 2011-2013 California Health Interview Survey, U.S. Census data, and InfoUSA (n=62,396). Dependent variables were soda consumption and weight status outcomes (body mass index and obesity status)...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167837/neighborhood-and-individual-sociodemographic-characteristics-associated-with-disparities-in-adult-obesity-and-perceptions-of-the-home-food-environment
#8
Michael T Halpern, Laura C Arena, Rachel A Royce, Robin E Soler, Breda Munoz, Caitlin M Hennessy
Purpose: Multiple studies have demonstrated significant disparities in the relationship between individual sociodemographic characteristics and risk of overweight or obesity. However, little information is available for assessing the complex associations among being overweight or obese with neighborhood and individual sociodemographic factors and the measured and perceived community food environment. Methods: Using 2014 national evaluation data from 20 communities (analyzed 2015-2016) that participated in the U...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160811/relationships-between-vacant-homes-and-food-swamps-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-urban-food-environment
#9
Yeeli Mui, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Rachel L J Thornton, Keshia Pollack Porter, Joel Gittelsohn
Research indicates that living in neighborhoods with high concentrations of boarded-up vacant homes is associated with premature mortality due to cancer and diabetes, but the mechanism for this relationship is unclear. Boarded-up housing may indirectly impact residents' health by affecting their food environment. We evaluated the association between changes in vacancy rates and changes in the density of unhealthy food outlets as a proportion of all food outlets, termed the food swamp index, in Baltimore, MD (USA) from 2001 to 2012, using neighborhood fixed-effects linear regression models...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156415/patterns-of-food-and-physical-activity-environments-related-to-children-s-food-and-activity-behaviors-a-latent-class-analysis
#10
Robin S DeWeese, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Marc A Adams, Jonathan Kurka, Seung Yong Han, Michael Todd, Michael J Yedidia
Relationships between food and physical activity (PA) environments and children's related behaviors are complex. Latent class analyses derived patterns from proximity to healthy and unhealthy food outlets, PA facilities and parks, and counts of residential dwellings and intersections. Regression analyses examined whether derived classes were related to food consumption, PA, and overweight among 404 low-income children. Compared to children living in Low PA-Low Food environments, children in High Intersection&Parks-Moderate Density&Food, and High Density-Low Parks-High Food environments, had significantly greater sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (ps<0...
November 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147455/community-residents-beliefs-about-neighborhood-corner-stores-in-2-latino-communities-implications-for-interventions-to-improve-the-food-environment
#11
Mienah Z Sharif, Stephanie L Albert, Alec M Chan-Golston, Gilberto Lopez, Alice A Kuo, Michael L Prelip, Alexander N Ortega, Deborah C Glik
We assessed community residents' perceptions of corner stores to better understand what facilitates and deters patronage at these food outlets. Data came from 978 household interviews in 2 Latino communities undergoing corner store interventions. Chi-square tests, an independent sample t test, and a multivariate logistic regression were conducted to assess the relationship between residents' perceptions about corner stores and their reported patronage at these food outlets. Residents reported that corner stores do not sell a variety of fruits and vegetables and are not places where one can get information about healthy eating...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144787/lessons-learned-from-a-food-environment-intervention-study-recruitment-and-retention-of-participants-in-disadvantaged-urban-inner-city-neighborhoods
#12
Rachel Engler-Stringer, Joelle Schaefer, Tracy Ridalls, Nazeem Muhajarine
Growing health inequities have led to calls for population health intervention research that can contribute to improving the health of marginalized populations, but conducting research with these communities can be challenging. When research aims to examine and understand an aspect of health in a population characterized as hard-to-reach or marginalized, recruitment techniques appear to have a significant impact on participation and sample retention in longitudinal studies. We examine and comment on the recruitment and retention techniques used in the Good Food, Healthy Families study conducted in low-income, inner-city neighborhoods in a midsized Canadian city; we hope that this will inform recruitment and retention approaches for population health intervention studies in similar populations...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#13
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125558/the-impact-of-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-on-healthy-food-availability-sales-and-purchasing-in-a-low-income-urban-area
#14
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela C Trude, Lisa Poirier, Alexandra Ross, Cara Ruggiero, Teresa Schwendler, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves
The multifactorial causes of obesity require multilevel and multicomponent solutions, but such combined strategies have not been tested to improve the community food environment. We evaluated the impact of a multilevel (operating at different levels of the food environment) multicomponent (interventions occurring at the same level) community intervention. The B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) intervention worked at the wholesaler (n = 3), corner store (n = 50), carryout (n = 30), recreation center (n = 28), household (n = 365) levels to improve availability, purchasing, and consumption of healthier foods and beverages (low-sugar, low-fat) in low-income food desert predominantly African American zones in the city of Baltimore (MD, USA), ultimately intending to lead to decreased weight gain in children (not reported in this manuscript)...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120701/neighborhood-resources-to-support-healthy-diets-and-physical-activity-among-us-military-veterans
#15
Elizabeth Tarlov, Shannon N Zenk, Stephen A Matthews, Lisa M Powell, Kelly K Jones, Sandy Slater, Coady Wing
INTRODUCTION: Among the nearly 21 million military veterans living in the United States, 64.0% of women and 76.1% of men are overweight or obese, higher rates than in the civilian population (56.9% of women and 69.9% of men). Attributes of the residential environment are linked to obesity. The objective of this study was to characterize the residential environments of the US veteran population with respect to availability of food and recreational venues. METHODS: We used American Community Survey data to determine the concentration of veterans (the percentage of veterans among the adult population) in all continental US census tracts in 2013, and we used proprietary data to construct measures of availability of food and recreational venues per census tract...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107462/each-meal-matters-in-the-exposome-biological-and-community-considerations-in-fast-food-socioeconomic-associations
#16
Susan L Prescott, Alan C Logan
Advances in omics and microbiome technology have transformed the ways in which the biological consequences of life in the 'ecological theatre' can be visualized. Exposome science examines the total accumulated environmental exposures (both detrimental and beneficial) as a means to understand the response of the 'total organism to the total environment' over time. The repetitive stimulation of compensatory physiological responses (immune, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine) in response to stress - including sources of stress highly relevant to socioeconomic disadvantage - may lead to metabolic dysregulation and cellular damage, ultimately influencing behavior and disease...
November 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048239/community-priorities-for-healthy-eating-in-older-adults
#17
Qianzhi Jiang, Nancy L Cohen, Melissa Ventura Marra, Kathleen Woolf, Judith Gilbride, Sarah L Francis
Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031283/multipathway-quantitative-assessment-of-exposure-to-fecal-contamination-for-young-children-in-low-income-urban-environments-in-accra-ghana-the-sanipath-analytical-approach
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yuke Wang, Christine L Moe, Clair Null, Suraja J Raj, Kelly K Baker, Katharine A Robb, Habib Yakubu, Joseph A Ampofo, Nii Wellington, Matthew C Freeman, George Armah, Heather E Reese, Dorothy Peprah, Peter F M Teunis
Lack of adequate sanitation results in fecal contamination of the environment and poses a risk of disease transmission via multiple exposure pathways. To better understand how eight different sources contribute to overall exposure to fecal contamination, we quantified exposure through multiple pathways for children under 5 years old in four high-density, low-income, urban neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. We collected more than 500 hours of structured observation of behaviors of 156 children, 800 household surveys, and 1,855 environmental samples...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025499/food-melt-in-consumer-food-environments-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods
#19
Erika S Trapl, Stephanie N Pike, Elaine Borawski, Susan A Flocke, Darcy A Freedman, Colleen C Walsh, Christine Schneider, Laura Yoder
OBJECTIVES: We systematically evaluated changes in availability, price, and quality of perishable food items from the beginning to the end of the month in lowincome, urban neighborhoods. METHODS: The sample included grocery stores or supermarkets in Cleveland, Ohio, within neighborhoods with >30% of population receiving food assistance. We collected data for 2 sequential months during the first and fourth weeks of each month. Two coders evaluated stores, collecting measures of availability, price, and quality for 50 items...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023841/a-mixed-methods-comparison-of-classroom-context-during-food-health-choices-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention
#20
Marissa Burgermaster, Jenna Koroly, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch, Heewon L Gray
BACKGROUND: Schools are frequent settings for childhood obesity prevention; however, intervention results are mixed. Classroom context may hold important clues to improving these interventions. METHODS: We used mixed methods to examine classroom context during a curriculum intervention taught by trained instructors in fifth grade classrooms. We identified classrooms with high and low buy-in using cluster analysis and compared intervention delivery and reception, student energy balance-related behavior, and student perceptions about supports and barriers to energy balance...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
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