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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144787/lessons-learned-from-a-food-environment-intervention-study-recruitment-and-retention-of-participants-in-disadvantaged-urban-inner-city-neighborhoods
#1
Rachel Engler-Stringer, Joelle Schaefer, Tracy Ridalls, Nazeem Muhajarine
Growing health inequities have led to calls for population health intervention research that can contribute to improving the health of marginalized populations, but conducting research with these communities can be challenging. When research aims to examine and understand an aspect of health in a population characterized as hard-to-reach or marginalized, recruitment techniques appear to have a significant impact on participation and sample retention in longitudinal studies. We examine and comment on the recruitment and retention techniques used in the Good Food, Healthy Families study conducted in low-income, inner-city neighborhoods in a midsized Canadian city; we hope that this will inform recruitment and retention approaches for population health intervention studies in similar populations...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#2
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125558/the-impact-of-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-on-healthy-food-availability-sales-and-purchasing-in-a-low-income-urban-area
#3
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela C Trude, Lisa Poirier, Alexandra Ross, Cara Ruggiero, Teresa Schwendler, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves
The multifactorial causes of obesity require multilevel and multicomponent solutions, but such combined strategies have not been tested to improve the community food environment. We evaluated the impact of a multilevel (operating at different levels of the food environment) multicomponent (interventions occurring at the same level) community intervention. The B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) intervention worked at the wholesaler (n = 3), corner store (n = 50), carryout (n = 30), recreation center (n = 28), household (n = 365) levels to improve availability, purchasing, and consumption of healthier foods and beverages (low-sugar, low-fat) in low-income food desert predominantly African American zones in the city of Baltimore (MD, USA), ultimately intending to lead to decreased weight gain in children (not reported in this manuscript)...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120701/neighborhood-resources-to-support-healthy-diets-and-physical-activity-among-us-military-veterans
#4
Elizabeth Tarlov, Shannon N Zenk, Stephen A Matthews, Lisa M Powell, Kelly K Jones, Sandy Slater, Coady Wing
INTRODUCTION: Among the nearly 21 million military veterans living in the United States, 64.0% of women and 76.1% of men are overweight or obese, higher rates than in the civilian population (56.9% of women and 69.9% of men). Attributes of the residential environment are linked to obesity. The objective of this study was to characterize the residential environments of the US veteran population with respect to availability of food and recreational venues. METHODS: We used American Community Survey data to determine the concentration of veterans (the percentage of veterans among the adult population) in all continental US census tracts in 2013, and we used proprietary data to construct measures of availability of food and recreational venues per census tract...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107462/each-meal-matters-in-the-exposome-biological-and-community-considerations-in-fast-food-socioeconomic-associations
#5
Susan L Prescott, Alan C Logan
Advances in omics and microbiome technology have transformed the ways in which the biological consequences of life in the 'ecological theatre' can be visualized. Exposome science examines the total accumulated environmental exposures (both detrimental and beneficial) as a means to understand the response of the 'total organism to the total environment' over time. The repetitive stimulation of compensatory physiological responses (immune, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine) in response to stress - including sources of stress highly relevant to socioeconomic disadvantage - may lead to metabolic dysregulation and cellular damage, ultimately influencing behavior and disease...
September 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048239/community-priorities-for-healthy-eating-in-older-adults
#6
Qianzhi Jiang, Nancy L Cohen, Melissa Ventura Marra, Kathleen Woolf, Judith Gilbride, Sarah L Francis
Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031283/multipathway-quantitative-assessment-of-exposure-to-fecal-contamination-for-young-children-in-low-income-urban-environments-in-accra-ghana-the-sanipath-analytical-approach
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yuke Wang, Christine L Moe, Clair Null, Suraja J Raj, Kelly K Baker, Katharine A Robb, Habib Yakubu, Joseph A Ampofo, Nii Wellington, Matthew C Freeman, George Armah, Heather E Reese, Dorothy Peprah, Peter F M Teunis
Lack of adequate sanitation results in fecal contamination of the environment and poses a risk of disease transmission via multiple exposure pathways. To better understand how eight different sources contribute to overall exposure to fecal contamination, we quantified exposure through multiple pathways for children under 5 years old in four high-density, low-income, urban neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. We collected more than 500 hours of structured observation of behaviors of 156 children, 800 household surveys, and 1,855 environmental samples...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025499/food-melt-in-consumer-food-environments-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods
#8
Erika S Trapl, Stephanie N Pike, Elaine Borawski, Susan A Flocke, Darcy A Freedman, Colleen C Walsh, Christine Schneider, Laura Yoder
OBJECTIVES: We systematically evaluated changes in availability, price, and quality of perishable food items from the beginning to the end of the month in lowincome, urban neighborhoods. METHODS: The sample included grocery stores or supermarkets in Cleveland, Ohio, within neighborhoods with >30% of population receiving food assistance. We collected data for 2 sequential months during the first and fourth weeks of each month. Two coders evaluated stores, collecting measures of availability, price, and quality for 50 items...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023841/a-mixed-methods-comparison-of-classroom-context-during-food-health-choices-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention
#9
Marissa Burgermaster, Jenna Koroly, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch, Heewon L Gray
BACKGROUND: Schools are frequent settings for childhood obesity prevention; however, intervention results are mixed. Classroom context may hold important clues to improving these interventions. METHODS: We used mixed methods to examine classroom context during a curriculum intervention taught by trained instructors in fifth grade classrooms. We identified classrooms with high and low buy-in using cluster analysis and compared intervention delivery and reception, student energy balance-related behavior, and student perceptions about supports and barriers to energy balance...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987751/childhood-obesity-and-physical-activity-friendly-school-environments
#10
Patrick Ip, Frederick Ka-Wing Ho, Lobo Hung-Tak Louie, Thomas Wai-Hung Chung, Yiu-Fai Cheung, So-Lun Lee, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Walter King-Yan Ho, Daniel Sai-Yin Ho, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Fan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity may be related to school environment, but previous studies often focused on food environment only. This study aimed to examine the relationship between school physical activity environment and childhood obesity. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study with multilevel data collected on school physical activity environment using teacher questionnaires, students' growth, and obesity status from electronic health records, and neighborhood socioeconomic status from census data...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987339/assessing-the-role-of-access-and-price-on-the-consumption-of-fruits-and-vegetables-across-new-york-city-using-agent-based-modeling
#11
Yan Li, Donglan Zhang, Janani R Thapa, Kumbirai Madondo, Stella Yi, Elisa Fisher, Kerry Griffin, Bian Liu, Youfa Wang, José A Pagán
Most residents in New York City (NYC) do not consume sufficient fruits and vegetables every day. Difficulties with access and high prices of fruits and vegetables in some neighborhoods contribute to different consumption patterns across NYC neighborhoods. We developed an agent-based model (ABM) to predict dietary behaviors of individuals at the borough and neighborhood levels. Model parameters were estimated from the 2014 NYC Community Health Survey, United States Census data, and the literature. We simulated six hypothetical interventions designed to improve access and reduce the price of fruits and vegetables...
October 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963987/how-the-built-environment-affects-change-in-older-people-s-physical-activity-a-mixed-methods-approach-using-longitudinal-health-survey-data-in-urban-china
#12
Peiling Zhou, Sue C Grady, Guo Chen
Although the general population in China is physically active, only 45% of older adults meet the World Health Organization's recommendation for weekly moderate-to-vigorous exercise, to achieve health benefits. This percentage is even lower (9.8%) in urban China. It is, therefore, important to understand the pathways by which physical activity behaviors are impacted by the built environment. This study utilized a mixed methods approach-interviews (n = 42) and longitudinal (2010-2015) health survey data (n = 3094) for older people residing in three neighborhoods in Huainan, a mid-sized city in Anhui Province, central eastern China...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958029/short-and-long-term-impacts-of-neighborhood-built-environment-on-self-rated-health-of-older-adults
#13
Amy Spring
Background and Objectives: Proximity to health care, healthy foods, and recreation is linked to improved health in older adults while deterioration of the built environment is a risk factor for poor health. Yet, it remains unclear whether individuals prone to good health self-select into favorable built environments and how long-term exposure to deteriorated environments impacts health. This study uses a longitudinal framework to address these questions. Research Design and Methods: The study analyzes 3,240 Americans aged 45 or older from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics with good self-reported health at baseline, and follows them from 1999 to 2013...
July 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926937/food-shopping-and-acquisition-behaviors-in-relation-to-bmi-among-residents-of-low-income-communities-in-south-carolina
#14
Angela D Liese, Xiaonan Ma, Brent Hutto, Patricia A Sharpe, Bethany A Bell, Sara Wilcox
Low-income areas in which residents have poor access to healthy foods have been referred to as "food deserts." It is thought that improving food access may help curb the obesity epidemic. Little is known about where residents of food deserts shop and if shopping habits are associated with body mass index (BMI). We evaluated the association of food shopping and acquisition (e.g., obtaining food from church, food pantries, etc.) with BMI among 459 residents of low-income communities from two South Carolina counties, 81% of whom lived in United States Department of Agriculture-designated food deserts...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869092/oral-health-promoting-school-environments-and-dental-caries-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-children
#15
Anu Edasseri, Tracie A Barnett, Khady Kâ, Mélanie Henderson, Belinda Nicolau
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries are highly prevalent among children and have negative health consequences. Their occurrence may depend in part on school-based environmental or policy-related factors, but few researchers have explored this subject. This study aimed to identify oral health promoting school environment types and estimate their relation with 2-year dental caries incidence among Québec children aged 8-10 years. METHODS: This study used data from two visits (completed in 2008 and 2011) of the QUALITY (Québec Adipose Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) cohort, which recruited white children at risk of obesity and their families from Greater Montreal schools...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854508/the-influence-of-the-built-environment-on-adverse-birth-outcomes
#16
N Woods, J Gilliland, J A Seabrook
Adverse birth outcomes are associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality, and higher risk for coronary heart disease, non-insulin-dependent diabetes and hypertension in adulthood. Although there has been considerable research investigating the association between maternal and environmental factors on adverse birth outcomes, one risk factor, not fully understood, is the influence of the built environment. A search of MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane was conducted to find articles assessing the influence of the built environment on preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), and small-for-gestational-age (SGA)...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840822/association-between-food-distress-and-smoking-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-adults-schenectady-new-york-2013-2014
#17
Akiko S Hosler, Isaac H Michaels
INTRODUCTION: Smoking and poor nutrition are 2 leading preventable causes of death. This study investigated associations between smoking and indicators of individual- and neighborhood-level food distress among racially and ethnically diverse urban adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from a health interview survey and a food environment assessment collected in 2013 and 2014 in Schenectady, New York. We constructed logistic regression models for current smoking with 6 indicators of food distress as exposure variables and sociodemographic characteristics, depression, anxiety, perceived stress, alcohol binge drinking, and disability as covariates...
August 24, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807641/a-novel-partnership-disrupts-the-norm-in-early-childhood-education-and-pediatric-health-care
#18
EDITORIAL
M Denise Dowd, John D Lantos
Children living in poverty in the United States in 2016 face a devastating combination of psychological problems. Their neighborhoods are often violent. They have no place to get healthy food. It is not safe to play outside, even on playgrounds. The children who grow up in this environment, not surprisingly, have many adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). ACEs cause toxic stress. Toxic stress leads to long-term physical and psychological problems. For many pediatricians, children's hospitals, civic leaders, and public health officials, it is difficult to know how to intervene...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722599/assessment-of-fecal-exposure-pathways-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods-in-accra-ghana-rationale-design-methods-and-key-findings-of-the-sanipath-study
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Katharine Robb, Clair Null, Peter Teunis, Habib Yakubu, George Armah, Christine L Moe
Rapid urbanization has contributed to an urban sanitation crisis in low-income countries. Residents in low-income, urban neighborhoods often have poor sanitation infrastructure and services and may experience frequent exposure to fecal contamination through a range of pathways. There are little data to prioritize strategies to decrease exposure to fecal contamination in these complex and highly contaminated environments, and public health priorities are rarely considered when planning urban sanitation investments...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719103/associations-between-neighborhood-food-environments-and-deficient-protein-intake-among-elderly-people-in-a-metropolitan-suburb-a-case-study-in-kisarazu-city-japan
#20
Yuri Hamamatsu, Chiho Goto, Masaru Nishitani, Riko Shimadate, Junko Ueno, Yoko Kusakari, Masahiro Umezaki
OBJECTIVES: Living in a poor food environment and its association with an increased risk of inadequate nutrient intake are increasingly important issues in Japan due to an increase in the elderly population. METHODS: The present study examined the relationships between neighborhood food environment and the protein and fat intakes of elderly Japanese individuals (n = 181) living in the metropolitan Tokyo suburb of Kisarazu. RESULTS: A logistic regression analysis adjusted for sociodemographic and shopping behavior variables revealed associations between subjectively evaluated poor neighborhood food environment and deficient protein intake...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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