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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719877/identifying-geographic-disparities-in-diabetes-prevalence-among-adults-and-children-using-emergency-claims-data
#1
David C Lee, Mary Pat Gallagher, Anjali Gopalan, Marcela Osorio, Andrew J Vinson, Stephen P Wall, Joseph E Ravenell, Mary Ann Sevick, Brian Elbel
Geographic surveillance can identify hotspots of disease and reveal associations between health and the environment. Our study used emergency department surveillance to investigate geographic disparities in type 1 and type 2 diabetes prevalence among adults and children. Using all-payer emergency claims data from 2009 to 2013, we identified unique New York City residents with diabetes and geocoded their location using home addresses. Geospatial analysis was performed to estimate diabetes prevalence by New York City Census tract...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the Endocrine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601505/a-community-driven-approach-to-generate-urban-policy-recommendations-for-obesity-prevention
#2
Julia Díez, Pedro Gullón, María Sandín Vázquez, Belén Álvarez, María Del Prado Martín, María Urtasun, Maite Gamarra, Joel Gittelsohn, Manuel Franco
There is an increasing research interest in targeting interventions at the neighborhood level to prevent obesity. Healthy urban environments require including residents' perspectives to help understanding how urban environments relate to residents' food choices and physical activity levels. We describe an innovative community-driven process aimed to develop environmental recommendations for obesity prevention. We conducted this study in a low-income area in Madrid (Spain), using a collaborative citizen science approach...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579697/neighborhood-social-and-economic-change-and-retail-food-environment-change-in-madrid-spain-the-heart-healthy-hoods-study
#3
Usama Bilal, Jessica Jones-Smith, Julia Diez, Robert S Lawrence, David D Celentano, Manuel Franco
This study explores the association between neighborhood social and economic change from 2009 to 2013 and changes in the retail food environment from 2013 to 2017 in Madrid (Spain). We classified neighborhoods into four types: decreasing SES, new housing/gentrifying, increasing SES, and aging (population and housing). Food store data was obtained from a retail spaces census and classified as supermarket, specialized small store, or fruit and vegetable store. Compared to aging areas, new housing/gentrifying and areas with increasing SES had a higher baseline presence and proportion of supermarkets and a lower proportion of specialized stores and fruit and vegetable stores...
March 23, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575779/accumulating-data-to-optimally-predict-obesity-treatment-adopt-core-measures-environmental-domain
#4
Brian E Saelens, S Sonia Arteaga, David Berrigan, Rachel M Ballard, Amy A Gorin, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley, Charlotte Pratt, Jill Reedy, Shannon N Zenk
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in how environment is related to adults' weight and activity and eating behaviors. However, little is known about whether environmental factors are related to the individual variability seen in adults' intentional weight loss or maintenance outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The environmental domain subgroup of the Accumulating Data to Optimally Predict obesity Treatment (ADOPT) Core Measures Project sought to identify a parsimonious set of objective and perceived neighborhood and social environment constructs and corresponding measures to include in the assessment of response to adult weight-loss treatment...
April 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541958/sources-of-foods-that-are-ready-to-consume-grazing-environments-versus-requiring-additional-preparation-grocery-environments-implications-for-food-environment-research-and-community-health
#5
Sean C Lucan, Andrew R Maroko, Jason L Seitchik, Don Yoon, Luisa E Sperry, Clyde B Schechter
Local businesses that offer foods may create different 'grazing environments' (characterized by sources of ready-to-consume foods) and 'grocery environments' (characterized by source of foods for later preparation). Such environments may be relevant to different populations at different times and may vary by neighborhood. In neighborhoods within two demographically distinct areas of the Bronx, NY [Area A (higher-poverty, greater minority representation, lesser vehicle ownership) vs. Area B], researchers assessed all storefront businesses for food offerings...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518029/modeling-pediatric-body-mass-index-and-neighborhood-environment-at-different-spatial-scales
#6
Lauren P Grant, Chris Gennings, Edmond P Wickham, Derek Chapman, Shumei Sun, David C Wheeler
In public health research, it has been well established that geographic location plays an important role in influencing health outcomes. In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the impact of neighborhood or contextual factors as potential risk factors for childhood obesity. Some neighborhood factors relevant to childhood obesity include access to food sources, access to recreational facilities, neighborhood safety, and socioeconomic status (SES) variables. It is common for neighborhood or area-level variables to be available at multiple spatial scales (SS) or geographic units, such as the census block group and census tract, and selection of the spatial scale for area-level variables can be considered as a model selection problem...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496398/a-census-of-midsize-to-large-supermarkets-in-toronto-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-consumer-nutrition-environment
#7
Andi Camden, Jennifer Levy, Kate Bassil, Loren Vanderlinden, Olanna White Barnett, Leia M Minaker, Kate Mulligan, Monica Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Assess the consumer nutrition environment in midsize to large supermarkets by supermarket type and area-level socioeconomic variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional census of 257 supermarkets using the Toronto Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores. SETTING: Toronto, Canada. VARIABLES MEASURED: Availability; price and linear shelf space of fruits and vegetables vs energy-dense snack foods by supermarket type; after-tax, low-income measure; and neighborhood improvement area...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427689/food-insecurity-diet-quality-and-body-mass-index-of-women-participating-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-the-role-of-intrapersonal-home-environment-community-and-social-factors
#8
Namrata Sanjeevi, Jeanne Freeland-Graves, Matthew Hersh
Obesity is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low-income populations. Moreover, participation in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been associated with obesity among low-income women. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of intrapersonal, home environment, community and social factors on diet quality and body mass index (BMI) of low-income women participating in SNAP. This study also aimed to examine the role of these factors in mediating the relationship between food insecurity and diet quality, and BMI...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414426/investigating-connectivity-in-the-urban-food-landscapes-of-migrant-women-facing-food-insecurity-in-washington-dc
#9
Colleen Hammelman
The survival strategies of migrant women living in urban poverty are embedded in urban food landscapes ('foodscapes') characterized by dynamic social relationships and mobility. Relying on interviews with 31 migrant women in Washington, DC, this paper traces the socio-spatial conditions of their urban foodscapes to show that urban environments inhabited by low-income migrants are dynamic, stretching across multiple neighborhoods as they move throughout the city with social networks to obtain affordable, quality, and culturally appropriate food...
March 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413713/diving-into-the-consumer-nutrition-environment-a-bayesian-spatial-factor-analysis-of-neighborhood-restaurant-environment
#10
Hui Luan, Jane Law, Martin Lysy
Neighborhood restaurant environment (NRE) plays a vital role in shaping residents' eating behaviors. While NRE 'healthfulness' is a multi-facet concept, most studies evaluate it based only on restaurant type, thus largely ignoring variations of in-restaurant features. In the few studies that do account for such features, healthfulness scores are simply averaged over accessible restaurants, thereby concealing any uncertainty that attributed to neighborhoods' size or spatial correlation. To address these limitations, this paper presents a Bayesian Spatial Factor Analysis for assessing NRE healthfulness in the city of Kitchener, Canada...
February 2018: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396154/association-of-individual-and-neighborhood-factors-with-home-food-availability-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
Weiwen Chai, Jessie X Fan, Ming Wen
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests the important role of the home food environment in an individual's dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of individual and neighborhood-level factors with the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods in the home using a nationally representative sample from the 2007 to 2008 and 2009 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used with NHANES merged with the 2000 census data...
January 27, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353296/the-urban-environment-of-alcohol-a-study-on-the-availability-promotion-and-visibility-of-its-use-in-the-neighborhoods-of-barcelona
#12
Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Xisca Sureda, Marina Bosque-Prous, Ester Teixidó-Compañó, Susanna Puigcorbé, Manuel Franco, M Teresa Brugal
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes the presence of alcohol in the public space, assessing establishments that offer it, its advertising, and signs of consumption, as factors that may influence its consumption. METHOD: Descriptive observational study based on cluster sampling with two-step selection. Results are described, and the spatial association between variables is assessed. RESULTS: In the 20 census tracts studied, 306 premises were identified that offered alcoholic beverages: 204 were on-premises and 102 were off-premises, mainly supermarkets and food retail stores...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338954/perceived-and-observed-food-environments-eating-behaviors-and-bmi
#13
Julia M Alber, Sarah H Green, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: This study examines relationships between perceived and observed nutrition environments, diet, and BMI, in order to examine the criterion validity of the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey-Perceived (NEMS-P). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, perceived nutrition environments were assessed (NEMS-P) among 221 adults from four neighborhoods in the Philadelphia area in 2010 and 2011. A total of 158 food store environments were observed using the NEMS-Stores...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328959/impact-of-individual-and-neighborhood-factors-on-disparities-in-prostate-cancer-survival
#14
Mindy C DeRouen, Clayton W Schupp, Jocelyn Koo, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Salma Shariff-Marco, Myles Cockburn, David O Nelson, Sue A Ingles, Esther M John, Scarlett L Gomez
BACKGROUND: We addressed the hypothesis that individual-level factors act jointly with social and built environment factors to influence overall survival for men with prostate cancer and contribute to racial/ethnic and socioeconomic (SES) survival disparities. METHODS: We analyzed multi-level data, combining (1) individual-level data from the California Collaborative Prostate Cancer Study, a population-based study of non-Hispanic White (NHW), Hispanic, and African American prostate cancer cases (N = 1800) diagnosed from 1997 to 2003, with (2) data on neighborhood SES (nSES) and social and built environment factors from the California Neighborhoods Data System, and (3) data on tumor characteristics, treatment and follow-up through 2009 from the California Cancer Registry...
April 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289640/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-influence-of-neighborhood-environment-on-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-variation-by-age-gender-and-environment-characteristics
#15
Yong Yang, Yu Jiang, Yanqing Xu, Fawaz Mzayek, Marian Levy
To examine the influence of neighborhood environment on childhood overweight and obesity in Shelby County Schools, Tennessee, and whether and to what extent that influence varies by age, gender, and the specific environment characteristics. 41,283 students were surveyed covering both individual-level covariates and several objective measures of neighborhood environment. Multilevel logistic regressions were used to examine the influence of neighborhood-level variables on overweight+obesity and obesity with adjustment of individual-level covariates...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222610/characterizing-the-neighborhood-obesogenic-environment-in-the-multiethnic-cohort-a-multi-level-infrastructure-for-cancer-health-disparities-research
#16
Shannon M Conroy, Salma Shariff-Marco, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Myles Cockburn, Yurii B Shvetsov, Christina A Clarke, Cheryl L Abright, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Kristine R Monroe, Lynne R Wilkens, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Iona Cheng
PURPOSE: We characterized the neighborhood obesogenic environment in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) by examining the associations of obesity with attributes of the social and built environment, establishing a multi-level infrastructure for future cancer research. METHODS: For 102,906 African American, Japanese American, Latino, and white MEC participants residing predominately in Los Angeles County, baseline residential addresses (1993-1996) were linked to census and geospatial data, capturing neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), population density, commuting, food outlets, amenities, walkability, and traffic density...
January 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218540/corporate-philanthropy-toward-community-health-improvement-in-manufacturing-communities
#17
Megan McHugh, Diane Farley, Claude R Maechling, Dorothy D Dunlop, Dustin D French, Jane L Holl
Virtually all large employers engage in corporate philanthropy, but little is known about the extent to which it is directed toward improving community health. We conducted in-depth interviews with leaders of corporate philanthropy from 13 of the largest manufacturing companies in the US to understand how giving decisions were made, the extent to which funding was directed towards improving community health, and whether companies coordinate with local public health agencies. We found that corporate giving was sizable and directed towards communities in which the manufacturers have a large presence...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206987/neighborhood-physical-environment-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-results-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#18
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Kari A B Moore, Amy H Auchincloss, Mahasin S Mujahid, Carmella August, Brisa N Sanchez, Ana V Diez Roux
Longitudinal associations between neighborhood characteristics and body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) were assessed from 2000 to 2011 among 5,919 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. The perceived availability of healthy food and walking environment were assessed via surveys, and 1-mile (1.6-km) densities of supermarkets, fruit-and-vegetable stores, and recreational facilities were obtained through a commercial database. Econometric fixed-effects models were used to estimate the association between within-person changes in neighborhood characteristics and within-person change in BMI...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197530/the-neighborhood-environment-and-obesity-understanding-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#19
Michelle S Wong, Kitty S Chan, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Roland J Thorpe, Sara N Bleich
Neighborhood characteristics have been associated with obesity, but less is known whether relationships vary by race/ethnicity. This study examined the relationship between soda consumption - a behavior strongly associated with obesity - and weight status with neighborhood sociodemographic, social, and built environments by race/ethnicity. We merged data on adults from the 2011-2013 California Health Interview Survey, U.S. Census data, and InfoUSA (n=62,396). Dependent variables were soda consumption and weight status outcomes (body mass index and obesity status)...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167837/neighborhood-and-individual-sociodemographic-characteristics-associated-with-disparities-in-adult-obesity-and-perceptions-of-the-home-food-environment
#20
Michael T Halpern, Laura C Arena, Rachel A Royce, Robin E Soler, Breda Munoz, Caitlin M Hennessy
Purpose: Multiple studies have demonstrated significant disparities in the relationship between individual sociodemographic characteristics and risk of overweight or obesity. However, little information is available for assessing the complex associations among being overweight or obese with neighborhood and individual sociodemographic factors and the measured and perceived community food environment. Methods: Using 2014 national evaluation data from 20 communities (analyzed 2015-2016) that participated in the U...
2017: Health Equity
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