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neighborhood food environment

Jina Choo, Hye-Jin Kim, Sooyeon Park
This study aimed to identify the actual and perceived features of neighborhood environments linked to health behaviors and obesity status in vulnerable children by using geographic information systems, walking surveys, and focus group interviews. The participants were 126 children registered at community child centers and 10 mothers of study participants. Increased availability of fast food outlets and convenience stores was significantly and positively associated with fast food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and inversely with physical activity...
October 16, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Jennifer E Pelletier, Caitlin E Caspi, Liana R N Schreiber, Darin J Erickson, Lisa Harnack, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: Customer intercept interviews are increasingly used to characterize food purchases at retail food outlets and restaurants; however, methodological procedures, logistical issues and response rates using intercept methods are not well described in the food environment literature. The aims of this manuscript were to 1) describe the development and implementation of a customer intercept interview protocol in a large, NIH-funded study assessing food purchases in small and midsize food retailers in Minneapolis and St...
October 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
Andrew M Subica, Cheryl T Grills, Sandra Villanueva, Jason A Douglas
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is disproportionately prevalent in communities of color, partially because of structural inequities in the social and built environment (e.g., poverty, food insecurity, pollution) that restrict healthy eating and active living. Community organizing is an underexamined, grassroots health promotion approach that empowers and mobilizes community residents to advocate for, and achieve, environmental and policy changes to rectify these structural inequities...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Carmen Giurgescu, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Cleopatra Caldwell, Dawn Misra
Preterm delivery (PTD), or birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is a serious public health issue, and racial disparities persist. In a recently published study, perceptions of the residential environment (or neighborhood context) were associated with PTD rates among urban African American women with low educational attainment (≤12 years); however, the mechanisms of these associations are unknown. Given this gap in the literature, we used data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study of postpartum African American women from Metropolitan Detroit, Michigan (2009-2011; n = 399), to examine whether psychosocial factors (depressive symptomology, psychological distress, and perceived stress) mediate associations between perceptions of the neighborhood context and PTD...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Samaah M Sullivan, Edward S Peters, Edward J Trapido, Evrim Oral, Richard A Scribner, Ariane L Rung
Although many studies have reported associations between characteristics of the neighborhood environment and obesity, little is understood about the pathways or mechanisms through which these associations operate. The purpose of this study was to examine possible behavioral and stress pathways hypothesized to mediate the association between neighborhood environments and obesity and whether pathways contribute to different obesity outcomes. Cross-sectional data were used from the 2012-2014 Women and Their Children's Health Study (WaTCH) in Louisiana (N = 909)...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Valerie J Silfee, Milagros C Rosal, Meera Sreedhara, Vilma Lora, Stephenie C Lemon
BACKGROUND: U.S. Latinos experience high rates of cardio-metabolic diseases and have high rates of physical inactivity and sedentary behavior. Understanding the environmental factors associated with physical activity and sedentary behaviors among Latinos could inform future interventions. The purpose of this study is to explore the neighborhood environment correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in a sample of U.S. Latino adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 602 Latino adults in Lawrence, MA...
2016: BMC Public Health
Katie A Meyer, David K Guilkey, Hsiao-Chuen Tien, Catarina I Kiefe, Barry M Popkin, Penny Gordon-Larsen
We used full-system-estimation instrumental-variables simultaneous equations modeling (IV-SEM) to examine physical activity relative to body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) using 25 years of data (1985/1986 to 2010/2011) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study (n = 5,115; ages 18-30 years at enrollment). Neighborhood environment and sociodemographic instruments were used to characterize physical activity, fast-food consumption, smoking, alcohol consumption, marriage, and childbearing (women) and to predict BMI using semiparametric full-information maximum likelihood estimation to control for unobserved time-invariant and time-varying residual confounding and differential measurement error through model-derived discrete random effects...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Paulina Kaiser, Amy H Auchincloss, Kari Moore, Brisa N Sánchez, Veronica Berrocal, Norrina Allen, Ana V Diez Roux
We investigated the relationships between neighborhood socio-demographic characteristics (socioeconomic status [SES], percentage of Black residents, and percentage of Hispanic residents) and survey-based measures of the social environment (social cohesion, safety) and the physical environment (healthy food environment, walking environment) in six sites from 2000 through 2011. Neighborhood environments were patterned by area SES and racial/ethnic composition, such that higher SES and lower percentage minority neighborhoods had better physical and social environments...
September 7, 2016: Health & Place
Candice A Myers, Kara D Denstel, Stephanie T Broyles
Multilevel health research often focuses on a singular dimension of the neighborhood environment in relation to individual-level health behaviors (e.g., diet, physical activity) and outcomes (e.g., obesity). This study examined associations between healthy and unhealthy neighborhood features across food, physical activity, and social environments. We used neighborhood-level (i.e., census block group) access (0/1) measures of the 1) food (grocery store, convenience store, fast food restaurant), 2) physical activity (fitness/recreation facility, park), and 3) social (crime, renter occupancy) environments to capture both healthy and unhealthy neighborhood features for a sample of neighborhoods (n=126) in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States...
September 6, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Usama Bilal, Julia Díez, Silvia Alfayate, Pedro Gullón, Isabel Del Cura, Francisco Escobar, María Sandín, Manuel Franco
BACKGROUND: Our aim is to conduct an exploratory study to provide an in-depth characterization of a neighborhood's social and physical environment in relation to cardiovascular health. A mixed-methods approach was used to better understand the food, alcohol, tobacco and physical activity domains of the urban environment. METHODS: We conducted this study in an area of 16,000 residents in Madrid (Spain). We obtained cardiovascular health and risk factors data from all residents aged 45 and above using Electronic Health Records from the Madrid Primary Health Care System...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Matthew M Graziose, Heewon Lee Gray, James Quinn, Andrew G Rundle, Isobel R Contento, Pamela A Koch
INTRODUCTION: The benefits of physical activity for health and well-being are well established, yet built environment characteristics in the school neighborhood may constrain students' ability to engage in physical activity and contribute to the considerable variation in physical activity among students at different schools. METHODS: Baseline data from the Food, Health and Choices obesity prevention trial were used to create multilevel linear models of the relationship between fifth-grade students' (n = 952) physical activity and related psychosocial factors and characteristics of the built environment of the school's neighborhood (park access, public transportation density, total crime, and walkability), controlling for age and body mass index z scores...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jeffrey J Wing, Ella August, Sara D Adar, Andrew L Dannenberg, Anjum Hajat, Brisa N Sánchez, James H Stein, Matthew C Tattersall, Ana V Diez Roux
BACKGROUND: Although some evidence shows that neighborhood deprivation is associated with greater subclinical atherosclerosis, prior studies have not identified what aspects of deprived neighborhoods were driving the association. METHODS: We investigated whether social and physical neighborhood characteristics are related to the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in 5950 adult participants of the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) during a 12-year follow-up period...
August 16, 2016: Circulation
Mireya Vilar-Compte, Oscar Martínez-Martínez, Dania Orta-Alemán, Rafael Perez-Escamilla
PURPOSE: To examine factors associated with food insecurity among urban older adults (65 years and older). METHODS: Three hundred and fifty two older adults attending community centers in a neighborhood of Mexico City were surveyed for food insecurity, functional impairments, health and mental health status, cash-transfer assistance, socio-demographic characteristics, social isolation, and the built food environment. RESULTS: Having at least primary education and receiving cash-transfers were significantly associated with a lower probability of being moderately-severely food insecure (OR=0...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Jana Florian, Nicole M St Omer Roy, Lisa M Quintiliani, Ve Truong, Yi Feng, Philippe P Bloch, Zlatka L Russinova, Karen E Lasser
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes self-management takes place within a complex social and environmental context.  This study's objective was to examine the perceived and actual presence of community assets that may aid in diabetes control. METHODS: We conducted one 6-hour photovoice session with 11 adults with poorly controlled diabetes in Boston, Massachusetts.  Participants were recruited from census tracts with high numbers of people with poorly controlled diabetes (diabetes "hot spots")...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Leonardo Fabio Morales, Penny Gordon-Larsen, David Guilkey
We estimate a structural dynamic model of the determinants of obesity. In addition to including many of the well-recognized endogenous factors mentioned in the literature as obesity determinants, we also model the individual's residential location as a choice variable, which is the main contribution of this paper to the literature. This allows us to control for an individual's self-selection into communities that possess the types of amenities in the built environment, which in turn affect their obesity-related behaviors such as physical activity (PA) and fast food consumption...
July 5, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
Mienah Z Sharif, Shemra Rizzo, Enrique Marino, Thomas R Belin, Deborah C Glik, Alice A Kuo, Alexander N Ortega, Michael L Prelip
OBJECTIVE: Latinos are the largest racial and ethnic minority group in the United States and bear a disproportionate burden of obesity related chronic disease. Despite national efforts to improve dietary habits and prevent obesity among Latinos, obesity rates remain high. The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between self-rated dietary quality and dietary behavior among Latinos and how this may vary by socio-demographics to help inform future public health efforts aiming to improve eating habits and obesity rates...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Mona Sharifi, Thomas D Sequist, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Steven J Melly, Dustin T Duncan, Christine M Horan, Renata L Smith, Richard Marshall, Elsie M Taveras
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevalence remains high and racial/ethnic disparities may be widening. Studies have examined the role of health behavioral differences. Less is known regarding neighborhood and built environment mediators of disparities. The objective of this study is to examine the extent to which racial/ethnic disparities in elevated child body mass index (BMI) are explained by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and built environment. METHODS: We collected and analyzed race/ethnicity, BMI, and geocoded address from electronic health records of 44,810 children 4 to 18years-old seen at 14 Massachusetts pediatric practices in 2011-2012...
July 9, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Kim M Gans, Gemma Gorham, Patricia M Risica, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Laura Dionne, Tina Gao, Sarah Peters, Ludovica Principato
BACKGROUND: Adequate fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake is important for disease prevention. Yet, most Americans, especially low-income and racial/ethnic minorities, do not eat adequate amounts. These disparities are partly attributable to food environments in low-income neighborhoods where residents often have limited access to affordable, healthful food and easy access to inexpensive, unhealthful foods. Increasing access to affordable healthful food in underserved neighborhoods through mobile markets is a promising, year-round strategy for improving dietary behaviors and reducing F&V intake disparities...
2016: BMC Public Health
Julia Díez, Usama Bilal, Alba Cebrecos, Amanda Buczynski, Robert S Lawrence, Thomas Glass, Francisco Escobar, Joel Gittelsohn, Manuel Franco
Places where we buy food influence dietary patterns, making local food environments a good example of a mass influence on population diets. Cross-cultural studies, using reliable methods, may help understanding the relationship between food environments and diet-related health outcomes. We aimed to understand cross-national differences in the local food environment between Madrid and Baltimore by comparing an average neighborhood in each city in terms of food store types, healthy food availability, and residents' pedestrian access...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
Briana Mezuk, Xinjun Li, Klas Cederin, Kristen Rice, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Characteristics of the built environment, including access to unhealthy food outlets, are hypothesized to contribute to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Swedish nationwide registry data on 4,718,583 adults aged 35-80 years living in 9,353 neighborhoods, each with at least 1 food outlet, were geocoded and linked to commercial registers (e.g., restaurants and grocery stores). Multilevel logistic regression was used to examine the prospective relationship between characteristics of the food environment and T2D from 2005 to 2010...
June 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
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