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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417301/overview-of-coronary-heart-disease-risk-initiatives-in-south-asia
#1
REVIEW
Ankur Kalra, Deepak L Bhatt, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Kunal Suri, Sundeep Mishra, Romaina Iqbal, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Industrialization and economic growth have led to an unprecedented increment in the burden of CVD and their risk factors in less industrialized regions of the world. While there are abundant data on CVD and their risk factors from longitudinal cohort studies done in the West, good-quality data from South Asia are lacking. RECENT FINDINGS: Several multi-institutional, observational, prospective registries, and epidemiologic cohorts in South Asia have been established to systematically evaluate the burden of CVD and their risk factors...
June 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414066/factors-associated-with-maintenance-of-body-mass-index-in-the-jackson-heart-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-secondary-analysis
#2
Brandon J Auerbach, Ronit Katz, Katherine Tucker, Edward J Boyko, Adam Drewnowski, Alain Bertoni, Patricia Dubbert, DeMarc A Hickson, Adolfo Correa, Bessie A Young
The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship of diet quality, physical activity, and environmental factors with body mass index (BMI) maintenance in African American adults. We analyzed data from 4041 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a prospective cohort study based in Jackson, Mississippi. Exposures were baseline American Heart Association diet quality score, American Heart Association physical activity categories, the built environment, the food environment, and neighborhood safety. The outcome was weight maintenance or loss (no BMI increase ≥1...
April 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387785/food-environment-and-weight-change-does-residential-mobility-matter-the-diabetes-study-of-northern-california-distance
#3
Barbara A Laraia, Janelle M Downing, Y Tara Zhang, William H Dow, Maggi Kelly, Samuel D Blanchard, Nancy Adler, Dean Schillinger, Howard Moffet, E Margaret Warton, Andrew J Karter
Associations between neighborhood food environment and adult body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) derived using cross-sectional or longitudinal random-effects models may be biased due to unmeasured confounding and measurement and methodological limitations. In this study, we assessed the within-individual association between change in food environment from 2006 to 2011 and change in BMI among adults with type 2 diabetes using clinical data from the Kaiser Permanente Diabetes Registry collected from 2007 to 2011...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344118/geographic-variation-in-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-the-built-environment
#4
Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Chanam Lee, Chunkuen Lee, Heather A Carlos, Brian E Saelens, Ethan M Berke, Mark P Doescher
Studies examining associations between weight status and neighborhood built environment (BE) have shown inconsistent results and have generally focused on urban settings. However, many Americans do not live in metropolitan areas and BE impacts may be different outside of metropolitan areas. We sought to examine whether the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and neighborhood BE exists and varies by geographic region across small towns in the United States. We conducted telephone surveys with 2156 adults and geographic information systems data in nine towns located within three geographic regions (Northeast, Texas, Washington) in 2011 and 2012...
March 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341459/does-where-you-shop-or-who-you-are-predict-what-you-eat-the-role-of-stores-and-individual-characteristics-in-dietary-intake
#5
Christine A Vaughan, Rebecca Collins, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Tamara Dubowitz
Interventions to address diet, a modifiable risk factor for diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, have increasingly emphasized the influence of the physical environment on diet, while more traditional approaches have focused on individual characteristics. We examined environmental and individual influences on diet to understand the role of both. Household interviews were conducted in 2011 with 1372 individuals randomly selected from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA...
March 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314500/achieving-sustainable-community-based-health-in-detroit-through-adaptation-of-the-unsdgs
#6
Alexander Plum, Linda Kaljee
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Rio+20 meeting initiated the concept of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals. The resulting document "The Future We Want" is best conceived as a roadmap toward poverty eradication and sustainable development. Although the SDGs were developed for low- and middle-income countries, many of these same issues face low-resource cities and communities in higher-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to use the SDGs as a platform to develop health-related goals for the city of Detroit...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271967/community-food-environments-and-healthy-food-access-among-older-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-for-the-senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
#7
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Although an array of federal, state, and local programs exist that target food insecurity and the specific nutritional needs of seniors, food insecurity among older adults in the United States remains a persistent problem, particularly in minority and rural populations. Food insecurity is highly predictive of inadequate fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) consumption in particular. The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) is a community-based program to help seniors purchase FFVs at farmer's markets in their neighborhoods...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247054/feast-empowering-community-residents-to-use-technology-to-assess-and-advocate-for-healthy-food-environments
#8
Jylana L Sheats, Sandra J Winter, Priscilla Padilla Romero, Abby C King
Creating environments that support healthy eating is important for successful aging, particularly in light of the growing population of older adults in the United States. There is an urgent need to identify innovative upstream solutions to barriers experienced by older adults in accessing and buying healthy food. FEAST (Food Environment Assessment STudy) is an effort that is part of the global Our Voice initiative, which utilizes a combination of technology and community-engaged methods to empower citizen scientists (i...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196495/measurement-of-availability-and-accessibility-of-food-among-youth-a-systematic-review-of-methodological-studies
#9
REVIEW
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Cristina Vaqué-Crusellas, Lene F Andersen, F Marijn Stok, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive and psychometrically tested measures of availability and accessibility of food are needed in order to explore availability and accessibility as determinants and predictors of dietary behaviors. The main aim of this systematic review was to update the evidence regarding the psychometric properties of measures of food availability and accessibility among youth. A secondary objective was to assess how availability and accessibility were conceptualized in the included studies...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186100/school-food-environments-associated-with-adiposity-in-canadian-children
#10
C Fitzpatrick, G D Datta, M Henderson, K Gray-Donald, Y Kestens, T A Barnett
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Targeting obesogenic features of children's environment that are amenable to change represents a promising strategy for health promotion. The school food environment, defined as the services and policies regarding nutrition and the availability of food in the school and surrounding neighborhood, is particularly important given that students travel through the school neighborhood almost daily and that they consume a substantial proportion of their calories at school...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160971/inter-relationships-between-objective-and-subjective-measures-of-the-residential-environment-among-urban-african-american-women
#11
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Lynne Messer, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Dawn P Misra
PURPOSE: The inter-relationships between objective (census based) and subjective (resident reported) measures of the residential environment is understudied in African American (AA) populations. METHODS: Using data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study (2009-2011; n = 1387) of AA women, we quantified the area-level variation in subjective reports of residential healthy food availability, walkability, safety, and disorder that can be accounted for with an objective neighborhood disadvantage index (NDI)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154107/impact-of-social-and-built-environment-factors-on-body-size-among-breast-cancer-survivors-the-pathways-study
#12
EDITORIAL
Salma Shariff-Marco, Julie Von Behren, Peggy Reynolds, Theresa H M Keegan, Andrew Hertz, Marilyn L Kwan, Janise M Roh, Catherine Thomsen, Candyce H Kroenke, Christine Ambrosone, Lawrence H Kushi, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Background: As social and built environment factors have been shown to be associated with physical activity, dietary patterns, and obesity in the general population, they likely also influence these health behaviors among cancer survivors and thereby impact survivorship outcomes.Methods: Enhancing the rich, individual-level survey and medical record data from 4,505 breast cancer survivors in the Pathways Study, a prospective cohort drawn from Kaiser Permanente Northern California, we geocoded baseline residential addresses and appended social and built environment data...
April 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145983/statistical-methods-to-study-variation-in-associations-between-food-store-availability-and-body-mass-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#13
Jonggyu Baek, Jana A Hirsch, Kari Moore, Loni Philip Tabb, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Lynda D Lisabeth, Ana V Diez-Roux, Brisa N Sánchez
Research linking characteristics of the neighborhood environment to health has relied on traditional regression methods where prespecified distances from participant's locations or areas are used to operationalize neighborhood-level measures. Because the relevant spatial scale of neighborhood environment measures may differ across places or individuals, using prespecified distances could result in biased association estimates or efficiency losses. We use novel hierarchical distributed lag models and data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) to (1) examine whether and how the association between the availability of favorable food stores and body mass index (BMI) depends on continuous distance from participant locations (instead of traditional buffers), thus allowing us to indirectly infer the spatial scale at which this association operates; (2) examine if the spatial scale and magnitude of the association differs across six MESA sites, and (3) across individuals...
May 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143808/contextual-impact-of-neighborhood-obesogenic-factors-on-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-the-multiethnic-cohort
#14
EDITORIAL
Shannon M Conroy, Christina A Clarke, Juan Yang, Salma Shariff-Marco, Yurii B Shvetsov, Song-Yi Park, Cheryl L Albright, Andrew Hertz, Kristine R Monroe, Laurence N Kolonel, Loïc Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Iona Cheng
Background: While obesity is well-understood to increase breast cancer risk, the role of the neighborhood obesogenic environment, encompassing social and built environment attributes that influence body size, is poorly understood.Methods: Using principal components factor analysis, five composite factors [neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), urban, mixed-land development, unhealthy food environment, parks] on the basis of geospatial data were developed to characterize the obesogenic environment for 48,247 postmenopausal women in the Multiethnic Cohort, residing predominately in Los Angeles County...
April 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103081/characterization-of-the-school-neighborhood-food-environment-in-three-mexican-cities
#15
Erica G Soltero, Luis Ortiz Hernández, Edtna Jauregui, Lucie Lévesque, Juan Lopez Y Taylor, Simón Barquera, Rebecca E Lee
Food resources in school neighborhoods can negatively influence diet; however, this environment is understudied. This study characterized the school neighborhood food environment in Guadalajara (n=11), Puerto Vallarta (n=7), and Mexico City (n=14). Convenience stores, table-service restaurants, and taco stands were highly available in all three cities. Grocery stores were highly available in Mexico City school neighborhoods, yet less frequently observed in Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta. Socioeconomic differences in food cart and grocery store availability were observed in Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta...
March 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088219/the-unhealthy-food-environment-does-not-modify-the-association-between-obesity-and-participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-in-los-angeles-county
#16
M Pia Chaparro, Gail G Harrison, May C Wang, Edmund Y W Seto, Anne R Pebley
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but not much is known about the mechanisms behind this association. The objective of this study was to determine if the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets modifies the association between obesity and participation in SNAP. METHODS: Data comes from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; included are a subsample of adults (18+ years) who were SNAP participants or eligible non-participants (N = 1,176)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074429/longitudinal-associations-between-change-in-neighborhood-social-disorder-and-change-in-food-swamps-in-an-urban-setting
#17
Yeeli Mui, Joel Gittelsohn, Jessica C Jones-Smith
Few studies have examined how neighborhood contextual features may influence the food outlet mix. We evaluated the relationship between changes in neighborhood crime and changes in the food environment, namely the relative density of unhealthy (or intermediate) food outlets out of total food outlets, or food swamp score, in Baltimore City from 2000 to 2012, using neighborhood fixed-effects linear regression models. Comparing neighborhoods to themselves over time, each unit increase in crime rate was associated with an increase in the food swamp score (b = 0...
February 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061798/a-step-by-step-approach-to-improve-data-quality-when-using-commercial-business-lists-to-characterize-retail-food-environments
#18
Kelly K Jones, Shannon N Zenk, Elizabeth Tarlov, Lisa M Powell, Stephen A Matthews, Irina Horoi
BACKGROUND: Food environment characterization in health studies often requires data on the location of food stores and restaurants. While commercial business lists are commonly used as data sources for such studies, current literature provides little guidance on how to use validation study results to make decisions on which commercial business list to use and how to maximize the accuracy of those lists. Using data from a retrospective cohort study [Weight And Veterans' Environments Study (WAVES)], we (a) explain how validity and bias information from existing validation studies (count accuracy, classification accuracy, locational accuracy, as well as potential bias by neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, economic characteristics, and urbanicity) were used to determine which commercial business listing to purchase for retail food outlet data and (b) describe the methods used to maximize the quality of the data and results of this approach...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033588/neighborhood-social-and-physical-environments-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#19
Samson Y Gebreab, DeMarc A Hickson, Mario Sims, Sharon B Wyatt, Sharon K Davis, Adolfo Correa, Ana V Diez-Roux
Using data from Jackson Heart Study, we investigated the associations of neighborhood social and physical environments with prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in African Americans (AA). Among non-diabetic participants at baseline (n=3670), 521 (14.2%) developed T2DM during a median follow-up of 7.3 years. Measures of neighborhood social environments, and food and physical activity resources were derived using survey-and GIS-based methods. Prevalence ratios (PR) and Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated using generalized estimating equations and Cox proportional hazards models...
December 26, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978407/community-perspectives-on-access-to-and-availability-of-healthy-food-in-rural-low-resource-latino-communities
#20
Zulema Valdez, A Susana Ramírez, Erendira Estrada, Kathleen Grassi, Stephanie Nathan
INTRODUCTION: Attention has focused on the food environment as a result of the growing concern with obesity rates among Latinos in rural areas. Researchers have observed associations between a lack of physical access to affordable produce in areas where supermarkets and grocery stores are limited and poor dietary intake and obesity; these associations are high in rural, low-resource neighborhoods with a high population of Latino residents. We aimed to engage residents of low-resource, Latino-majority neighborhoods in discussions of food access in a rural yet agricultural community setting, which is typically described as a "food desert...
December 15, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
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