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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692090/-spatial-point-pattern-analysis-of-main-trees-and-flowering-fargesia-qinlingensis-in-abies-fargesii-forests-in-mt-taibai-of-the-qinling-mountains-china
#1
Guo Chun Li, Hua Dong Song, Qi Li, Shu Hai Bu
In Abies fargesii forests of the giant panda's habitats in Mt. Taibai, the spatial distribution patterns and interspecific associations of main tree species and their spatial associations with the understory flowering Fargesia qinlingensis were analyzed at multiple scales by univariate and bivaria-te O-ring function in point pattern analysis. The results showed that in the A. fargesii forest, the number of A. fargesii was largest but its population structure was in decline. The population of Betula platyphylla was relatively young, with a stable population structure, while the population of B...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692086/-response-of-radial-growth-of-pinus-koraiensis-and-picea-jezoensis-to-climate-change-in-xiao-xing-anling-mountains-northeast-china
#2
Jian Yu, Qi Jing Liu, Guang Zhou, Sheng Wang Meng, Hua Zhou, Zhen Zhao Xu, Jing Ning Shi, Wen Xian Du
Based on dendrochronological methods, we established residual chronologies of Pinus koraiensis and Picea jezoensis, with the dominant species of broadleaved Korean pine mixed forest at low altitudes chosen as the research object, to identify the key climatic factors affecting the radial growth of the two species in Xiaoxing'anling Mountains, Northeast China. The results showed that the responses of the two species to climate factors were different, and P. koraiensis was more sensitive, and hence more suitable for dendroclimatological analysis...
November 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692078/-temporal-characteristics-of-soil-fertility-of-cropland-requisition-compensation-in-the-typical-region-of-yangtze-river-delta-china
#3
Zhi Chao Xui, Dong Sheng Yu, Yue Pan, Xi Yang Wang, Jing Jing Huang, Bo Sun
Based on the satellite image in 1984, 2000 and 2016, we analyzed the temporal and spatial variation of cropland requisition-compensation in Changshu City, Jiangsu Province. Based on ArcGIS and the data of soil samples, membership function with integrated fertility index were used to evaluate the soil fertility in 1984 and 2000, respectively. The overlay analysis had been used to reveal the characteristics of soil fertility of cropland requisition-compensation between the period of 1984 to 2000 and 2000 to 2016...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692077/-spatial-temporal-pattern-of-sustainable-intensification-of-agricultural-land-use-in-shandong-province-china
#4
Shan Dong Niu, Xiao Lyu, Yang Yang Shi
Under the theoretical framework of sustainable intensification of agricultural land-use (SIALU), We used material flow analysis (MFA) method to establish evaluation index system for SIALU by utilizing data in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 to quantify the level of SIALU of 17 cities in Shandong Province, and analyzed the variation in input-output of resources factors of agricultural land, spatial distribution of resource productivity and environmental economic efficiency, in order to reveal spatial-temporal differentiation of SIALU...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692017/-temporal-and-spatial-change-of-climate-resources-and-meteorological-disasters-under-climate-change-during-winter-crop-growing-season-in-guangdong-province-china
#5
Hua Wang, Hui Hua Chen, Li Sheng Tang, Juan Huai Wang, Hai Yan Tang
Trend analysis method was applied to analyze the general variation characteristics of the climate resources and meteorological disasters of growing season of the winter planting in Guangdong before (1961-1996) and after climate warming (1997-2015). Percentile method was employed to determine thresholds for extreme cold and drought in major planting regions, and the characteristics of extreme disasters since climate warming were analyzed. The results showed that, by comparing 1997-2015 with 1961-1996, the heat value in winter growing season increased significantly...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692016/-temporal-and-spatial-heterogeneity-analysis-of-optimal-value-of-sensitive-parameters-in-ecological-process-model-the-biome-bgc-model-as-an-example
#6
Yi Zhe Li, Ting Long Zhang, Qiu Yu Liu, Ying Li
The ecological process models are powerful tools for studying terrestrial ecosystem water and carbon cycle at present. However, there are many parameters for these models, and weather the reasonable values of these parameters were taken, have important impact on the models simulation results. In the past, the sensitivity and the optimization of model parameters were analyzed and discussed in many researches. But the temporal and spatial heterogeneity of the optimal parameters is less concerned. In this paper, the BIOME-BGC model was used as an example...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691842/two-dimensional-probabilistic-infiltration-analysis-in-a-hillslope-using-first-order-moment-approach
#7
Rui-Xuan Tang, Jing-Sen Cai, Tian-Chyi Jim Yeh
A first-order moment analysis method is introduced to evaluate the pore-water pressure variability within a hillslope due to spatial variability in saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks ) during rainfall. The influences of the variance of the natural logarithm of Ks(lnKs ), spatial structure anisotropy of lnKs , and normalized vertical infiltration flux (q) on the evaluations of the pore-water pressure uncertainty are investigated. Results indicate different responses of pressure head variability in the unsaturated region and the saturated region...
April 25, 2018: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691458/automated-sorting-of-neuronal-trees-in-fluorescent-images-of-neuronal-networks-using-neurotreetracer
#8
Cihan Kayasandik, Pooran Negi, Fernanda Laezza, Manos Papadakis, Demetrio Labate
Fluorescence confocal microscopy has become increasingly more important in neuroscience due to its applications in image-based screening and profiling of neurons. Multispectral confocal imaging is useful to simultaneously probe for distribution of multiple analytes over networks of neurons. However, current automated image analysis algorithms are not designed to extract single-neuron arbors in images where neurons are not separated, hampering the ability map fluorescence signals at the single cell level. To overcome this limitation, we introduce NeuroTreeTracer - a novel image processing framework aimed at automatically extracting and sorting single-neuron traces in fluorescent images of multicellular neuronal networks...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690639/a-refined-crop-drought-monitoring-method-based-on-the-chinese-gf-1-wide-field-view-data
#9
Sheng Chang, Bingfang Wu, Nana Yan, Jianjun Zhu, Qi Wen, Feng Xu
In this study, modified perpendicular drought index (MPDI) models based on the red-near infrared spectral space are established for the first time through the analysis of the spectral characteristics of GF-1 wide field view (WFV) data, with a high spatial resolution of 16 m and the highest frequency as high as once every 4 days. GF-1 data was from the Chinese-made, new-generation high-resolution GF-1 remote sensing satellites. Soil-type spatial data are introduced for simulating soil lines in different soil types for reducing errors of using same soil line...
April 23, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690230/a-survey-of-the-weevils-of-ukraine-coleoptera-curculionoidea
#10
Nikolai Yunakov, Vitalij Nazarenko, Rostislav Filimonov, Semyon Volovnik
The fauna of weevils Curculionoidea of Ukraine numbers 1453 species equivalent to 25.3% of European fauna. They belong to 10 families and 364 genera. A total of 51 species are recorded from Ukraine for the first time. Assessment of inventory completeness indicates that 62% of the area of Ukraine are covered by samples. Spatial join analysis has reveals strong collecting biases and shows maximal richness in cells which fall into well-sampled provinces. A total of 22 out of 33 studied model sites are well-sampled (C>0...
April 5, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689938/vertebrate-endemism-in-south-eastern-africa-numerically-redefines-a-biodiversity-hotspot
#11
Sandun J Perera, Şerban ProcheŞ, Dayani Ratnayake-Perera, Syd Ramdhani
We use numerical methods to explore patterns of vertebrate endemism in south-eastern Africa, refining the boundaries of the intuitively-defined Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany biodiversity hotspot, also proposing a zoogeographic regionalisation. An incidence matrix of 300 vertebrate species endemic to south-eastern Africa sensu lato in 37 operational geographic units were used in (a) phenetic cluster analysis (PCA) using the algorithm of unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic averages (phenetic approach), and (b) parsimony analysis of endemicity (PAE; parsimony approach), in order to numerically evaluate the bioregional delimitations...
February 20, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689630/the-role-of-diversification-in-community-assembly-of-the-oaks-quercus-l-across-the-continental-u-s
#12
Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Shan Kothari, José Eduardo Meireles, Matthew A Kaproth, Paul S Manos, Andrew L Hipp
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Evolutionary and biogeographic history, including past environmental change and diversification processes, are likely to have influenced the expansion, migration, and extinction of populations, creating evolutionary legacy effects that influence regional species pools and the composition of communities. We consider the consequences of the diversification process in shaping trait evolution and assembly of oak-dominated communities throughout the continental United States (U...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688861/examining-the-spatiotemporal-evolution-of-vaccine-refusal-nonmedical-exemptions-from-vaccination-in-california-2000-2013
#13
Paul L Delamater, Timothy F Leslie, Y Tony Yang
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy continues to be an issue throughout the United States, as numerous vaccine hesitant parents are choosing to exempt their children from school-entry vaccination requirements for nonmedical reasons, despite the safety and effectiveness of vaccines. We conduct an analysis of how vaccine refusal, measured by the use of nonmedical exemptions (based on personal or religious beliefs) from vaccination (NMEs), evolved across space and over time in California. METHODS: Using school-entry data from the California Department of Public Health, we examined NMEs for students entering kindergarten in California from 2000 to 2013...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688738/national-and-subnational-cardiovascular-diseases-mortality-attributable-to-salt-consumption-in-iran-by-sex-and-age-from-1990-to-2016
#14
Ali Gholami, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Ali Sheidaei, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Dietary salt consumption is an important factor for mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Therefore, the aim of this study is to measure the levels of salt consumption and then estimate the effects of current levels of salt consumption on mortality from CVDs at national and subnational levels from 1990 to 2016 in Iran. METHODS: In this study, we will use national and subnational studies with data on salt consumption, including self-report or lab tests for sodium measurement and all available published data about salt and sodium (with conduct a systematic review) to estimate salt exposure levels...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688014/machine-learning-energy-gaps-of-porphyrins-with-molecular-graph-representations
#15
Zheng Li, Noushin Omidvar, Wei Shan Chin, Esther Robb, Amanda J Morris, Luke E K Achenie, Hongliang Xin
Molecular functionalization of porphyrins opens countless new opportunities in tailoring their physicochemical properties for light-harvesting applications. However, the immense materials space spanned by a vast number of substituent ligands and chelating metal ions prohibits high-throughput screening of combinatorial libraries. In this work, machine learning algorithms equipped with the domain knowledge of chemical graph theory were employed for predicting the energy gaps of >12000 porphyrins from the Computational Materials Repository...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687821/remarkable-long-term-stability-of-nanoconfined-metal-halide-perovskite-crystals-against-degradation-and-polymorph-transitions
#16
Xiaoqing Kong, Kamran Shayan, Sangchul Lee, Christian Ribeiro, Stefan Strauf, Stephanie S Lee
Metal-halide perovskites are promising candidates to advance optoelectronic devices but are known to suffer from rapid material degradation. Here we demonstrate that nanoconfinement is an effective strategy for the long-term stabilization of metal-halide perovskite MAPbI3 crystals against humidity-induced degradation and temperature-induced polymorph transitions. Two-dimensional X-ray diffraction patterns of MAPbI3 films reveal an unprecedented air-stability of up to 594 days in non-chemically modified, non-passivated MAPbI3 films deposited on substrates imposing complete 2D confinement on the tens of nanometers length scale...
April 24, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687732/characterization-of-the-spatial-structure-of-local-functional-connectivity-using-multi-distance-average-correlation-measures
#17
Didac Macia, Jesus Pujol, Laura Blanco-Hinojo, Gerard Martínez-Vilavella, Rocío Martín-Santos, Joan Deus
There is ample evidence from basic research in neuroscience of the importance of local cortico-cortical networks. Millimetric resolution is achievable with current functional MRI (fMRI) scanners and sequences, and consequently a number of "local" activity similarity measures have been defined to describe patterns of segregation and integration at this spatial scale. We have introduced the use of Iso-Distant local Average Correlation (IDAC), easily defined as the average fMRI temporal correlation of a given voxel with other voxels placed at increasingly separated iso-distant intervals, to characterize the curve of local fMRI signal similarities...
April 24, 2018: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687445/ideas-of-home-in-palliative-care-research-a-concept-analysis
#18
Kristina Tryselius, Eva Benzein, Carina Persson
AIM: To explore the concept of home and its' expressed spatialities in current palliative care research. BACKGROUND: Home is a central environment for living, caring, and dying. However, pure investigations of the sets of ideas linked to the concept seemed missing. Although identified as an important location, spatial perspectives expressed through the concept of home appeared unexplored. DESIGN: Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: Scientific articles published between January 2009 and September 2015...
April 23, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687344/spatiotemporal-relationships-defining-the-adaptive-gating-of-the-bacterial-mechanosensitive-channel-mscs
#19
Uğur Çetiner, Andriy Anishkin, Sergei Sukharev
Adaptive desensitization and inactivation are common properties of most ion channels and receptors. The mechanosensitive channel of small conductance MscS, which serves as a low-threshold osmolyte release valve in most bacteria, inactivates not from the open, but from the resting state under moderate tensions. This mechanism enables the channel to respond differently to slow tension ramps versus abruptly applied stimuli. In this work, we present a reconstruction of the energy landscape for MscS transitions based on patch current kinetics recorded under special pressure protocols...
April 23, 2018: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687197/influence-of-fishing-activity-over-the-marine-debris-composition-close-to-coastal-jetty
#20
Eduardo G G Farias, Paulo R Preichardt, David V Dantas
Worldwide, the marine debris emissions have been provoking impacts in ecosystems, generating massive mortality of different species with commercial interest. In South America, we have a lack of studies to verify the marine debris composition in transitional environments such as adjacent regions of coastal jetties. These are hydraulic engineering constructions used to maintain the navigation channel access between the sea-estuarine interface and are also used by teleost fishes, crustaceans, and mollusks like artificial shelters (reefs), being excellent fishing grounds...
April 23, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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