Read by QxMD icon Read


Jared C Hiebert, Yan Daniel Zhao, Elena B Willis
IMPORTANCE: The etiology of recurrent croup is often anatomic. Currently there is no set criteria for determining who should undergo diagnostic bronchoscopy and which patients are at most risk for having a clinically significant finding. Few studies have addressed these questions. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for clinically significant findings on bronchoscopy in children with recurrent croup and the frequency of bronchoscopy findings in general. DATA SOURCES: PUBMED, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jennifer F Ha, Waseem Ostwani, Glenn Green
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of improved neonatal and pediatric intensive care management, tracheostomy is increasingly performed in children requiring prolonged ventilation. Even though tracheostomy is generally a safe procedure, there remains mortality and morbidity associated with it. OBJECTIVE: We report a rare complication of a tracheostomy tube resulting in extensive erosion and posterior tracheal false pouch secondary to a large tracheostomy tube and high positive end expiratory pressure in a 12-month-old infant...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jonas Dewulf, Sabine Van Daele, Frans De Baets
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in children is a very rare, benign entity. Recurrent episodes are exceptional. Identifying an underlying trigger is crucial, and very often, spontaneous pneumomediastinum occurs in association with an asthma exacerbation. We report the case of a patient in which we hypothesize that an underlying tracheomalacia can be held responsible for the recurrent pneumomediastinum, which is to this date the first case with this assumption. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:XX-XX. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
October 10, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Beata Kusak, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Urszula Jedynak-Wasowicz, Grzegorz Lis
The aim of this study was to: (1) find out whether laryngomalacia (LM) types are related to clinical course; (2) which patients with LM are at higher risk of other airway malacia [tracheomalacia (TM) and/or bronchomalacia (BM)]; and (3) evaluate the prevalence of LM in our region. Patients with established LM diagnosis and complete clinical and endoscopy records were enrolled. They were classified into different LM types according to classification based on the side of supraglottic obstruction. One hundred ten children were included...
October 8, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Siew Choo Su, Ian Brent Masters, Helen Buntain, Kieran Frawley, Anubhav Sarikwal, Debbie Watson, Frances Ware, Jan Wuth, Anne Bernadette Chang
INTRODUCTION: Flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is the current gold standard for diagnosing tracheobronchomalacia. However, it is not always feasible and virtual bronchoscopy (VB), acquired from chest multi-detector CT (MDCT) scan is an alternative diagnostic tool. We determined the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of VB compared to FB in diagnosing tracheobronchomalacia. METHODS: Children aged <18-years scheduled for FB and MDCT were recruited...
September 18, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
C Jason Smithers, Thomas E Hamilton, Michael A Manfredi, Lawrence Rhein, Peter Ngo, Dorothy Gallagher, John E Foker, Russell W Jennings
PURPOSE: Recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula (recTEF) is a frequent (5%-10%) complication of congenital TEF (conTEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) repair. In addition, postoperative acquired TEF (acqTEF) can occur in addition to or even in the absence of prior conTEF in the setting of esophageal anastomotic complications. Reliable repair often proves difficult by endoluminal or standard surgical techniques. We present the results of an approach that reliably identifies the TEF and facilitates airway closure as well as repair of associated tracheal and esophageal problems...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
H Hoffmann, D Gompelmann, C P Heußel, H Dienemann, R Eberhardt
Patients with diffuse airway instability due to tracheobronchomalacia or excessive dynamic airway collapse are typically highly symptomatic, with marked dyspnoea, recurrent bronchopulmonary infections and excruciating intractable cough. Silicone stents achieve immediate symptom control, but are - due to the typical complications associated with stent treatment - usually not an option for long-term treatment. The aim of surgical intervention is definitive stabilisation of the trachea and of both main bronchi by posterior splinting of the Paries membranaceus with a polypropylene mesh...
September 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Wenjing Gu, Wujun Jiang, Xinxing Zhang, Zhengrong Chen, Yongdong Yan, Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Xuejun Shao, Shuhui Wang, Wei Ji
BACKGROUND: Wheezing is a common symptom in early childhood. However, refractory wheezing is difficult to treat, and it may thus account for extensive use of medical resources. It is therefore important to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of refractory childhood wheezing. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we studied 156 children with refractory wheezing using fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and compared the results with a control group of 46 children with various pulmonary diseases but no wheezing...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Rachel Kaye, Todd Goldstein, Danielle Aronowitz, Daniel A Grande, David Zeltsman, Lee P Smith
OBJECTIVE: To design and evaluate an ex vivo model of tracheomalacia with and without a three-dimensional (3D)-printed external tracheal splint. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, ex vivo animal trial. METHODS: Three groups of ex vivo porcine tracheas were used: 1) control (unmanipulated trachea), 2) tracheomalacia (tracheal rings partially incised and crushed), and 3) splinted tracheomalacia (external custom tracheal splint fitted onto group 2 trachea)...
August 17, 2016: Laryngoscope
M de Las M González Pérez, M I Espigares López, R García Hernández, L M Torres Morera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Yuichi Okata, Kosaku Maeda, Yuko Bitoh, Yasuhiko Mishima, Akihiko Tamaki, Keiichi Morita, Kosuke Endo, Chieko Hisamatsu, Hiroaki Fukuzawa, Akiko Yokoi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify the risk factors for esophageal anastomotic stricture (EAS) and/or anastomotic leakage (EAL) after primary repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) in infants. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 52 patients with congenital EA/TEF between January 2000 and December 2015 was conducted. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for anastomotic complications...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Christoph Kampmann, Christiane M Wiethoff, Ralf G Huth, Gundula Staatz, Eugen Mengel, Michael Beck, Stefan Gehring, Torsten Mewes, Tariq Abu-Tair
Several different lysosomal storage diseases, mainly mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type I, II, and VI, are complicated by severe obstruction of the upper airways, tracheobronchial malacia, and/or stenosis of the lower airways. Although enzyme replacement therapies (ERTs) are available, the impact of these on tracheobronchial alterations has not been reported. By extending the life expectancy of MPS patients with ERTs, airway problems may become more prevalent at advanced ages. These airway abnormalities can result in severe, potentially fatal, difficulties during anesthetic procedures...
July 22, 2016: JIMD Reports
Li-Ta Keng, Chien-Jen Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Virginia Mirra, Marco Maglione, Laida L Di Micco, Silvia Montella, Francesca Santamaria
In the past decades improved surgical techniques and better neonatal supportive care have resulted in reduced mortality of patients with esophageal atresia (EA), with or without tracheoesophageal fistula, and in increased prevalence of long-term complications, especially respiratory manifestations. This integrative review describes the techniques currently used in the pediatric clinical practice for assessing EA-related respiratory disease. We also present a novel algorithm for the evaluation and surveillance of lung disease in EA...
May 29, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Carl L Backer, Michael C Mongé, Andrada R Popescu, Osama M Eltayeb, Jeffrey C Rastatter, Cynthia K Rigsby
The term vascular ring refers to congenital vascular anomalies of the aortic arch system that compress the esophagus and trachea, causing symptoms related to those two structures. The most common vascular rings are double aortic arch and right aortic arch with left ligamentum. Pulmonary artery sling is rare and these patients need to be carefully evaluated for frequently associated tracheal stenosis. Another cause of tracheal compression occurring only in infants is the innominate artery compression syndrome...
June 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Jose Carlos Fraga, Russell W Jennings, Peter C W Kim
Tracheomalacia (TM) is defined as an increased collapsibility of the trachea due to structural anomalies of the tracheal cartilage and/or posterior membrane. Tracheomalacia has a wide range of etiologies but is most commonly present in children born with esophageal atresia and tracheal esophageal fistula. Clinical symptoms can range from minor expiratory stridor with typical barking cough to severe respiratory distress episodes to acute life-threatening events (ALTE). Although the majority of children have mild-to-moderate symptoms and will not need surgical intervention, some will need life-changing surgical treatment...
June 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Heping Wang, Wenkui Dai, Chuangzhao Qiu, Shuaicheng Li, Wenjian Wang, Jianqiang Xu, Zhichuan Li, Hongmei Wang, Yuzheng Li, Zhenyu Yang, Xin Feng, Qian Zhou, Lijuan Han, Yinhu Li, Yuejie Zheng
Pneumonia is one of the most serious diseases for children, with which lung microbiota are proved to be associated. We performed 16S rDNA analysis on broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) for 32 children with tracheomalacia (C group), pneumonia infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) (D1 group) or Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) (D2 group). Children with tracheomalacia held lower microbial diversity and accumulated Lactococcus (mean ± SD, 45.21%±5.07%, P value <0.05), Porphyromonas (0...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
V D Parshin, I M Koroleva, M A Mishchenko
AIM: To analyze the role of ray functional computerized diagnostic technologies in assessment of the state of tracheal wall in cicatricial stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 45 patients with cicatricial tracheal stenosis during August 2013 -- March 2015. Fibrobronchoscopy, multislice computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and lungs function examination were performed. For the first time dynamic (functional) CT and MRI were included in research algorithm...
2016: Khirurgiia
Luv Javia, Matthew A Harris, Stephanie Fuller
Tracheal and bronchial pathologies in the neonate can be rapidly fatal if prenatal or quick postnatal diagnosis and intervention is not performed. Close multidisciplinary collaboration between multiple medical and surgical specialties is vital to the effective diagnosis and treatment of these pathologies. The fetal and neonatal airway may be affected or compromised by more prevalent pathologies such as tracheomalacia and tracheo-esophageal fistula with esophageal atresia. However, it is imperative that we also consider other potential sources that may perhaps be less familiar such as congenital cardiovascular abnormalities, tracheal stenosis, complete tracheal rings, tracheal sleeve, and foregut duplication cysts...
August 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ketan Malvi, Arjun Padmanabhan, T A Hari
Tracheomalacia (TM) refers to loss of tracheal rigidity and resulting susceptibility to collapse. It is usually an incidental finding during investigations of other illness. The main symptoms are dyspnoea, cough, sputum production and hemoptysis. Most cases are considered as respiratory infection and are treated symptomatically. Acquired TM results from damage to trachea due to various conditions such as inflammation, chronic pressure, or medical/surgical procedures. The diagnosis is done by end-expiratory dynamic tracheal imaging, which demonstrates typical crescentric narrowing of trachea and reduced antero-posterior diameter <50% of normal...
October 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"