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Fan Yang, Liqing Zeng, Zhuanxi Luo, Zaosheng Wang, Fuyi Huang, Qiuquan Wang, Damjana Drobne, Changzhou Yan
Increasing concern has been focused on the potential risks associated with the trophic transfer to aquatic organisms of ambient contaminants in the presence of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2 ). This study investigated the influence of nano-TiO2 on the trophic transfer of arsenic (As) from the microalgae Nannochloropsis maritima to the brine shrimp Artemia salina nauplii. We found that nano-TiO2 could significantly facilitate As sorption on N. maritima within an exposure period of 24 h, and this sorption subsequently led to higher As trophic transfer from the algae to A...
March 10, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Teresa Lopes da Silva, Paula C Passarinho, Ricardo Galriça, Afonso Zenóglio, Patricia Armshaw, J Tony Pembroke, Con Sheahan, Alberto Reis, Francisco Gírio
Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the effect of initial ethanol concentrations on cyanobacterial strains of Synechocystis PCC 6803 [wild-type (WT), and ethanol producing recombinants (UL 004 and UL 030)] in batch cultures. Ethanol recombinants, containing one or two metabolically engineered cassettes, were designed towards the development of an economically competitive process for the direct production of bioethanol from microalgae through an exclusive autotrophic route. It can be concluded that the recombinant Synechocystis UL 030 containing two copies of the genes per genome was the most tolerant to ethanol...
March 2018: Biotechnology Reports
Hiroki Murakami, Takashi Nobusawa, Koichi Hori, Mie Shimojima, Hiroyuki Ohta
Diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine (DGTS) is a non-phosphorus, polar glycerolipid that is regarded as analogous to the phosphatidylcholine in bacteria, fungi, algae, and basal land plants. In some species of algae, including the stramenopile microalga Nannochloropsis oceanica, DGTS contains an abundance of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is relatively scarce in phosphatidylcholine, implying that DGTS has a unique physiological role. In this study, we addressed the role of DGTS in N. oceanica. We identified two DGTS biosynthetic enzymes that have distinct domain configurations compared to previously identified DGTS synthases...
March 19, 2018: Plant Physiology
Ye Sol Shin, Hong Il Choi, Jin Won Choi, Jeong Seop Lee, Young Joon Sung, Sang Jun Sim
Microalgae have been rising as a feedstock for biofuel in response to the energy crisis. Due to a high lipid content, composed of fatty acids favorable for the biodiesel production, microalgae are still being investigated as an alternative to biodiesel. Environmental factors and process conditions can alternate the quality and the quantity of lipid produced by microalgae, which can be critical for the overall production of biodiesel. To maximize both the lipid content and the biomass productivity, it is necessary to start with robust algal strains and optimal physio-chemical properties of the culture environment in combination with a novel culture system...
March 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Malgorzata Grzesiuk, Elly Spijkerman, Sabrina C Lachmann, Alexander Wacker
Pharmaceuticals are found in freshwater ecosystems where even low concentrations in the range of ng L-1 may affect aquatic organisms. In the current study, we investigated the effects of chronic exposure to three pharmaceuticals on two microalgae, a potential modulation of the effects by additional inorganic phosphorus (Pi ) limitation, and a potential propagation of the pharmaceuticals' effect across a trophic interaction. The latter considers that pharmaceuticals are bioaccumulated by algae, potentially metabolized into more (or less) toxic derivates and consequently consumed by zooplankton...
March 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Jie Chen, Lijian Leng, Chensong Ye, Qian Lu, Min Addy, Jinghan Wang, Jin Liu, Paul Chen, Roger Ruan, Wenguang Zhou
Fungi assisted microalgae bioflocculation is an emerging, efficient and cost-effective microalgal harvesting method, but no study has systematically evaluated and compared fungal spore-assisted (FSA) and fungal pellet-assisted (FPA) microalgal harvesting methods. In this study, harvesting Chlorella sp. cells by co-culture with Penicillium sp. spores or pellets was compared. Temperature, glucose concentration, pH and fungi:algae ratio were the critical parameters for harvesting efficiency. The highest flocculation efficiency (99%) of FSA method was achieved in 28 h at 40 °C, 160 rpm, 5 g glucose/L and 1...
March 10, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Harmanpreet Singh, Chateshwar Kumar, Narpinder Singh, Surinder Paul, Subheet Kumar Jain
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a vital structural component of neuronal tissue, which is critically required during pre- and post-natal brain development. Its liquid nature, fishy odor, poor bioavailability and oxidative stability are the major challenges in the development of a pharmaceutically elegant and stable formulation. In the present study, nanocapsules of DHA from microalgae oil were prepared using different combinations of wall materials (carbohydrates, polymers, gum and proteins). The encapsulation using spray drying was done to prepare a pharmaceutically stable DHA formulation...
March 16, 2018: Food & Function
Irena Branyikova, Monika Filipenska, Katerina Urbanova, Marek C Ruzicka, Martin Pivokonsky, Tomas Branyik
Alkaline flocculation has been studied due to its potential as a low-cost harvesting method for microalgae. However, surface properties (zeta potential, contact angles) as inputs into physicochemical interaction models have not yet been applied systematically. In this work, forced alkaline flocculation of the freshwater microalgae Chlorella vulgaris induced by calcium phosphate precipitates was studied as a model system. Response surface methodology was used to quantify the effect of independent variables (concentration of Ca2+ (0...
March 6, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Pengfei Guo, Yuejin Zhang, Yongjun Zhao
Abstract : Co-cultivation of microalgae and microbes for pollutant removal from sewage is considered as an effective wastewater treatment method. The aim of this study is to screen the optimal photoperiod, light intensity and microalgae co-cultivation method for simultaneously removing nutrients in biogas slurry and capturing CO₂ in biogas. The microalgae-fungi pellets are deemed to be a viable option because of their high specific growth rate and nutrient and CO2 removal efficiency under the photoperiod of 14 h light:10 h dark...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Alexander Golberg, Alexander Liberzon, Edward Vitkin, Zohar Yakhini
Displacing fossil fuels and their derivatives with renewables, and increasing sustainable food production are among the major challenges facing the world in the coming decades. A possible, sustainable direction for addressing this challenge is the production of biomass and the conversion of this biomass to the required products through a complex system coined biorefinery. Terrestrial biomass and microalgae are possible sources; however, concerns over net energy balance, potable water use, environmental hazards, and uncertainty in the processing technologies raise questions regarding their actual potential to meet the anticipated food, feed, and energy challenges in a sustainable way...
March 15, 2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
María Huete-Ortega, Katarzyna Okurowska, Rahul Vijay Kapoore, Matthew P Johnson, D James Gilmour, Seetharaman Vaidyanathan
Background: Microalgae accumulate lipids when exposed to stressful conditions such as nutrient limitation that can be used to generate biofuels. Nitrogen limitation or deprivation is a strategy widely employed to elicit this response. However, this strategy is associated with a reduction in the microalgal growth, leading to overall poor lipid productivities. Here, we investigated the combined effect of a reduced source of nitrogen (ammonium) and super-saturating light intensities on the growth and induction of lipid accumulation in two model but diverse microalgal species, Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Nannochloropsis oceanica ...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Ben A Wagstaff, Edward S Hems, Martin Rejzek, Jennifer Pratscher, Elliot Brooks, Sakonwan Kuhaudomlarp, Ellis C O'Neill, Matthew I Donaldson, Steven Lane, John Currie, Andrew M Hindes, Gill Malin, J Colin Murrell, Robert A Field
Prymnesium parvum is a toxin-producing microalga that causes harmful algal blooms globally, which often result in large-scale fish kills that have severe ecological and economic implications. Although many toxins have previously been isolated from P. parvum , ambiguity still surrounds the responsible ichthyotoxins in P. parvum blooms and the biotic and abiotic factors that promote bloom toxicity. A major fish kill attributed to P. parvum occurred in Spring 2015 on the Norfolk Broads, a low-lying set of channels and lakes (Broads) found on the East of England...
March 14, 2018: Biochemical Society Transactions
Yi-di Chen, Yen-Chang Lin, Shih-Hsin Ho, Yan Zhou, Nan-Qi Ren
Biochar is known to efficiently adsorb dyes from wastewater. In this study, biochar was derived from macroalgae residue by pyrolysis, and the influence of varying temperature (from 400 °C to 800 °C) on biochar characteristics was investigated. Among the biochar samples tested, macroalgae-derived biochar possessing highly porous structure, special surface chemical behavior and high thermal stability was found to be efficient in removing malachite green, crystal violet and Congo red. The biochar derived by pyrolysis at 800 °C showed the highest adsorption capacity for malachite green (5306...
February 23, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Melissa Conte, Josselin Lupette, Khawla Seddiki, Coline Meï, Lina J Dolch, Valerie Gros, Caroline Barette, Fabrice Rébeillé, Juliette Jouhet, Eric Marechal
Microalgae are a promising feedstock for the production of triacylglycerol (TAG) for a variety of potential applications, ranging from food and human health to biofuels and green chemistry. However, obtaining high TAG yields is challenging. A phenotypic assay for accumulation of oil droplets was developed to screen a library of 1,200 drugs, annotated with pharmacology information, to select compounds that trigger TAG accumulation in the diatom Phaeodactylum. Using this screen, we identified 34 molecules acting in a dose-dependent manner...
March 13, 2018: Plant Physiology
Suchi Srivastava, Sonal Srivastava, Vidisha Bist, Surabhi Awasthi, Reshu Chauhan, Vasvi Chaudhry, Poonam C Singh, Sanjay Dwivedi, Abhishek Niranjan, Lalit Agrawal, Puneet Singh Chauhan, Rudra Deo Tripathi, Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal
Rice grown in arsenic (As) contaminated areas contributes to high dietary exposure of As inducing multiple adverse effects on human health. The As contamination and application of phosphate fertilizers during seedling stage creates a high P and As stress condition. The flooded paddy fields are also conducive for algal growth and microbial activity. The present study proposes potential role of microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris (CHL) and bacteria, Pseudomonas putida (RAR) on rice plant grown under excess As and phosphate (P) conditions...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Xiaoyu Wang, Yuan Zhao, Xiaoxue Jiang, Lijun Liu, Xue Li, Huixian Li, Wenyan Liang
Plant polyphenol (PP), a natural polymer from the Larix gmelinii, was selected as the surfactant to synthesize Fe3 O4 . The Fe3 O4 -PP composite was prepared by in-situ self-assembly in solvothermal synthesis, and characterized using FE-SEM, TEM, XRD, FTIR, XPS, TGA, and VSM. The harvesting efficiency of Chlorella vulgaris was investigated under different parameters, including algal organic matter, dosage, and pH. The results showed that the core-shell sphere of Fe3 O4 -PP (∼150 nm) was coated by ∼50 nm PP with a saturated magnetization of 40...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Lindon W K Moodie, Gunnar Cervin, Rozenn Trepos, Christophe Labriere, Claire Hellio, Henrik Pavia, Johan Svenson
By combining the recently reported repelling natural dihydrostilbene scaffold with an oxime moiety found in many marine antifoulants, a library of nine antifouling hybrid compounds was developed and biologically evaluated. The prepared compounds were shown to display a low antifouling effect against marine bacteria but a high potency against the attachment and growth of microalgae down to MIC values of 0.01 μg/mL for the most potent hybrid. The mode of action can be characterized as repelling via a reversible non-toxic biostatic mechanism...
March 13, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Xueqing Shi, Tsuey Shan Yeap, Shujuan Huang, Jianqiu Chen, How Yong Ng
A green microalga Chlorella sp. isolated from marine environment was investigated for its potential to pretreat saline antibiotic wastewater containing amoxicillin (AMX). Through Biolog EcoPlate assay, the Chlorella sp. showed its unique carbon source metabolic patterns under autotrophic condition. In addition, the microalga could effectively remove AMX (>99%) under initial AMX concentrations ranging from 10 to 150 mg/L through a treatability test. In the continuous AMX treatment using a lab-scale membrane photobioreactor (MPBR), a stable AMX removal efficiency of 85...
February 24, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Nathalie Coquillé, Dominique Ménard, Julien Rouxel, Valentin Dupraz, Mélissa Éon, Patrick Pardon, Hélène Budzinski, Soizic Morin, Édith Parlanti, Sabine Stachowski-Haberkorn
Microalgae, which are the foundation of aquatic food webs, may be the indirect target of herbicides used for agricultural and urban applications. Microalgae also interact with other compounds from their environment, such as natural dissolved organic matter (DOM), which can itself interact with herbicides. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of natural DOM on the toxicity of three herbicides (diuron, irgarol and S-metolachlor), singly and in ternary mixtures, to two marine microalgae, Chaetoceros calcitrans and Tetraselmis suecica, in monospecific, non-axenic cultures...
February 27, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Dong-Heui Kwak, Mi-Sug Kim
Algae are considered water pollutants because they form algal blooms in stagnant water. Algae harvesting technology, however, can help convert them into a useful industrial material like biomass. The core technique (flocculation) separates microalgae from other flocculants, allowing for the harvest of clean and pure algal biomass. This study aims to estimate and evaluate algal separation (removal or harvesting) efficiency (X) to concurrently obtain the objectives of algal bloom management and algal particle collection...
March 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
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