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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322105/clinical-features-and-biological-markers-of-lung-cancer-associated-stroke
#1
Xingrui Xie, Li Chen, Jinsheng Zeng, Chao Qin, Daobin Cheng, Xinxian Wei, Zhijian Liang
Objective To identify the unique clinical features and biological markers of lung cancer-associated stroke. Methods We recruited 102 patients with lung cancer plus stroke, 102 with lung cancer, and 102 with stroke. Detailed information was analysed and compared among groups. Results The groups were age-matched. Patients with lung cancer plus stroke showed multiple lesions involving multiple cerebral artery territories on magnetic resonance imaging, compared with stroke-alone patients. These patients also had a poorer modified Rankin Scale score at 30 days, and high mortality (18...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320479/correlates-of-circulating-ovarian-cancer-early-detection-markers-and-their-contribution-to-discrimination-of-early-detection-models-results-from-the-epic-cohort
#2
Renée T Fortner, Allison F Vitonis, Helena Schock, Anika Hüsing, Theron Johnson, Raina N Fichorova, Titilayo Fashemi, Hidemi S Yamamoto, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Marina Kvaskoff, Gianluca Severi, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Vassiliki Benetou, Carlo La Vecchia, Domenico Palli, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Giuseppe Matullo, Amalia Mattiello, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Inger Torhild Gram, Mie Jareid, J Ramón Quirós, Eric J Duell, Maria-Jose Sánchez, María Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Nerea Larrañaga, Björn Nodin, Jenny Brändstedt, Annika Idahl, Kay-Tee Khaw, Naomi Allen, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johansson, Laure Dossus, Melissa A Merritt, Elio Riboli, Daniel W Cramer, Rudolf Kaaks, Kathryn L Terry
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer early detection markers CA125, CA15.3, HE4, and CA72.4 vary between healthy women, limiting their utility for screening. METHODS: We evaluated cross-sectional relationships between lifestyle and reproductive factors and these markers among controls (n = 1910) from a nested case-control study in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Improvements in discrimination of prediction models adjusting for correlates of the markers were evaluated among postmenopausal women in the nested case-control study (n = 590 cases)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302204/-a-preliminary-study-of-retinoblastoma-related-serum-tumor-markers
#3
Zhi-Ping Liu, Ke-Ying Zhou, Li-Li Chen, Zhi-Hui Xiao, Yan-Zhao Chen
OBJECTIVE: To screen out retinoblastoma (RB)-related serum tumor markers by measuring the levels of serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP), carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153), carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199), and carbohydrate antigen 724 (CA724) in children with RB. METHODS: The levels of seven serum tumor markers (AFP, CEA, NSE, CA125, CA153, CA199, and CA724) were determined in 20 children with RB and 20 healthy children (control) using a chemiluminescent immunoassay...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295553/serum-carcinoembryonic-antigen-specifically-increases-among-various-serum-markers-of-adenocarcinoma-in-hypohidrosis-or-conditions-related-to-hypohidrosis
#4
Masaru Honma, Hiroyoshi Nozaki, Hiroko Nagahata, Mizue Fujii, Takashi Shibuya, Kyoko Kanno, Masako Minami-Hori, Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto
Anhidrosis/hypohidrosis are conditions presenting various level of sweating dysfunction. Among them, acquired idiopathic generalized anhidrosis (AIGA) presents inadequate decrease or loss of sweating without apparent neurological and dermatological symptoms except cholinergic urticaria. Recently, serum level of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), one of the most well-known tumor markers, has been proposed as a clinical marker reflecting activity of AIGA. This study was performed to verify the specificity and independence of serum CEA level from the other serum tumor markers especially related to adenocarcinoma...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288666/reliability-of-preoperative-evaluation-of-postmenopausal-ovarian-tumors
#5
Riikka Johanna Niemi, Sami Kristian Saarelainen, Tiina Hannele Luukkaala, Johanna Unelma Mäenpää
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation of ovarian tumors is challenging. This study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of conventional two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound and CA125 in predicting malignant or benign nature of pelvic masses, and to investigate if three-dimensional power Doppler (3DPD) ultrasound provides any added value. Ninety-six postmenopausal and four perimenopausal women with supposed ovarian tumors were examined by standardized 2D and 3DPD ultrasounds preoperatively...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285963/clear-cell-colorectal-carcinoma-time-to-clarify-diagnosis
#6
Andrea Remo, Federica Grillo, Luca Mastracci, Matteo Fassan, Sokol Sina, Caterina Zanella, Pietro Parcesepe, Emanuele Damiano Urso, Massimo Pancione, Germana Bortuzzo, Aldo Scarpa, Erminia Manfrin
Primary clear cell colorectal carcinoma (CCC) is a very rare entity accounting for only 35 cases reported in the Literature. CCC is neither classified as a distinct entity nor is it defined as a CRC variant because its ontogeny remains unclear. Most of the reported CCC were found in the distal colon in patients with a mean age of 56 years. Histologically, clear cell change is the main morphologic feature and may present in a "pure" form, composed exclusively of clear cells, or in a "composite" form, admixed with other morphologically different components...
February 24, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284216/does-serum-ca125-have-clinical-value-for-follow-up-monitoring-of-postoperative-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-results-of-a-12-year-study
#7
Na Guo, Zhilan Peng
BACKGROUND: The detection of CA125 has been used in the follow up of ovarian cancer. At present, some scholars believe that serum CA125 has no clinical value for the follow-up monitoring the recurrence for postoperative patients with epithelial ovarian cancer, but in our clinical follow-up found that when the serum CA125 value is <35 U/ml, postoperative patients of epithelial ovarian carcinoma had already showed recurrent lesions in some ecological and imaging examinations or in laparotomy exploration and biopsy, and we given the patients timely treatment, the prognosis were improved...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282875/a-perspective-on-ovarian-cancer-biomarkers-past-present-and-yet-to-come
#8
Frederick R Ueland
The history of biomarkers and ultrasonography dates back over more than 50 years. The present status of biomarkers used in the context of ovarian cancer is addressed. Attention is given to new interpretations of the etiology of ovarian cancer. Cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and multivariate index assays (Ova1, Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm, Overa) are biomarker-driven considerations that are presented. Integration of biomarkers into ovarian cancer diagnostics and screening are presented in conjunction with ultrasound...
March 8, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280637/selection-of-dna-aptamers-for-ovarian-cancer-biomarker-ca125-using-one-pot-selex-and-high-throughput-sequencing
#9
Delia J Scoville, Tae Kyu Brian Uhm, Jamie A Shallcross, Rebecca J Whelan
CA125 is a mucin glycoprotein whose concentration in serum correlates with a woman's risk of developing ovarian cancer and also indicates response to therapy in diagnosed patients. Accurate detection of this large, complex protein in patient samples is of great clinical relevance. We suggest that powerful new diagnostic tools may be enabled by the development of nucleic acid aptamers with affinity for CA125. Here, we report on our use of One-Pot SELEX to isolate single-stranded DNA aptamers with affinity for CA125, followed by high-throughput sequencing of the selected oligonucleotides...
2017: Journal of Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277121/mage-a-family-serves-as-poor-prognostic-markers-and-potential-therapeutic-targets-for-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#10
Meixiang Sang, Xiaohua Wu, Xiaojie Fan, Yishui Lian, Meijie Sang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to investigate the expression pattern and prognostic significance of melanoma-associated antigens-A (MAGE-A) family in primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. STUDY DESIGN: The expression of MAGE-A family members, including MAGE-A1, -A2, -A3, -A4, -A6, -A10 and -A12 was immunohistochemically detected in 82 cases of primary EOC and 10 cases of pericarcinoma ovarian tissues. The association between MAGE-A family expression and the clinicopathological parameters as well as the prognosis of primary EOC patients was analyzed...
February 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274569/predictive-value-of-circulating-tumor-cells-ctcs-captured-by-microfluidic-device-in-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#11
Maria Lee, Eun Jae Kim, Youngnam Cho, Sunshin Kim, Hyun Hoon Chung, Noh Hyun Park, Yong-Sang Song
OBJECTIVE: To test an electrically conductive chip, incorporating a nanoroughened microfluidic platform for the capture of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), and assess its clinical merit in instances of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: A total of 54 patients with EOC recruited between August 2014 and May 2015 were enrolled in this prospective study. CTCs in peripheral blood were detected in advance of primary tumor resection and before initiating adjuvant chemotherapy for recurrent disease...
March 5, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273485/clinical-factors-of-response-in-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer-participating-in-early-phase-clinical-trials
#12
Angela George, Rebecca Kristeleit, Saeed Rafii, Caroline O Michie, Rebecca Bowen, Vasiliki Michalarea, Tom van Hagen, Mabel Wong, Grigorios Rallis, L Rhoda Molife, Juanita Lopez, Udai Banerji, Susana N Banerjee, Martin E Gore, Johann S de Bono, Stan B Kaye, Timothy A Yap
Drug resistance to conventional anticancer therapies is almost inevitable in patients with advanced ovarian cancer (AOC), limiting their available treatment options. Novel phase I trial therapies within a dedicated drug development unit may represent a viable alternative; however, there is currently little evidence for patient outcomes in such patients. To address this, we undertook a retrospective review of patients with AOC allocated to phase I trials in the Drug Development Unit at Royal Marsden Hospital (RMH) between June 1998 and October 2010...
March 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273351/use-of-cancer-antigen-125-cancer-antigen-19-9-and-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-to-diagnose-mature-cystic-teratoma-with-torsion
#13
Yuan-Qiu Wang, Wei-Ting Xia, Fang Wang, Xin-Xin Zhuang, Fei-Yun Zheng, Feng Lin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of serum levels of cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for diagnosis of mature cystic teratoma (MCT) with torsion. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was conducted of data for women who had undergone surgery for ovarian MCT at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, China, between January 1, 2008, and January 1, 2015. Patients with torsion and a control group who underwent surgery on the same days were identified...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267695/potential-biomarkers-in-lewis-negative-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#14
Guopei Luo, Chen Liu, Meng Guo, He Cheng, Yu Lu, Kaizhou Jin, Liang Liu, Jiang Long, Jin Xu, Renquan Lu, Quanxing Ni, Xianjun Yu
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential biomarkers in Lewis negative patients with pancreatic cancer. BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is currently the most important and widely used biomarker in pancreatic cancer. However, approximately 5 to 10% of the population are Lewis negative individuals, and they are documented to have scarce or no CA19-9 secretion. Therefore, it is necessary to explore potential biomarkers to compensate for this drawback. METHODS: Lewis genotypes were determined in a large cohort of patients with pancreatic cancer (682 cases) and controls (525 cases) by sequencing the Fucosyltransferase 3 (FUT3) gene from genomic DNA...
April 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267002/histological-subtype-remains-a-significant-prognostic-factor-for-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-appendiceal-mucinous-neoplasm-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#15
Yeqian Huang, Nayef A Alzahrani, Terence C Chua, David L Morris
BACKGROUND: It has been increasingly recognized that appendiceal mucinous neoplasm with peritoneal dissemination is not a homogenous disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impact of different histological subtypes on survival of a large cohort of patients with appendiceal mucinous neoplasms uniformly treated by cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of patients with peritoneal dissemination of appendiceal neoplasm who underwent cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257098/subtypes-of-ovarian-cancer-and-ovarian-cancer-screening
#16
REVIEW
Masafumi Koshiyama, Noriomi Matsumura, Ikuo Konishi
Ovarian cancer is the foremost cause of gynecological cancer death in the developed world, as it is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage. In this paper we discuss current issues, the efficacy and problems associated with ovarian cancer screening, and compare the characteristics of ovarian cancer subtypes. There are two types of ovarian cancer: Type I carcinomas, which are slow-growing, indolent neoplasms thought to arise from a precursor lesion, which are relatively common in Asia; and Type II carcinomas, which are clinically aggressive neoplasms that can develop de novo from serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STIC) and/or ovarian surface epithelium and are common in Europe and the USA...
March 2, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243980/early-detection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-hepatocirrhosis-by-soluble-b7-h3
#17
Long Zhao, Chao Xie, Danqing Liu, Tong Li, Yu Zhang, Chidan Wan
Increasing evidence has demonstrated an association between increased soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) levels and unfavorable progression in patients with malignant tumors. In the present study, we detected sB7-H3 levels in serum to investigate the value of sB7-H3 as a tool for differential diagnosis of cirrhotic patients with or without early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (ESHCC). We also assessed the diagnostic value of sB7-H3regarding the prediction of overall survival (OS) of cirrhotic patients with ESHCC. sB7-H3 expression was measured in 91 healthy volunteers, 149 cirrhotic patients with ESHCC, and 87 cirrhotic patients by ELISA, and correlations between DCP1a level and clinical characteristics were analyzed...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223716/preoperative-red-cell-distribution-width-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predict-survival-in-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#18
Zheng Li, Na Hong, Melissa Robertson, Chen Wang, Guoqian Jiang
Several parameters of preoperative complete blood count (CBC) and inflammation-associated blood cell markers derived from them have been reported to correlate with prognosis in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), but their prognostic importance and optimal cutoffs are still needed be elucidated. Clinic/pathological parameters, 5-year follow-up data and preoperative CBC parameters were obtained retrospectively in 654 EOC patients underwent primary surgery at Mayo Clinic. Cutoffs for neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) were optimized by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218038/postoperative-human-epididymis-protein-4-predicts-primary-therapy-outcome-in-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#19
Tuulia Vallius, Johanna Hynninen, Annika Auranen, Jaakko Matomäki, Sinikka Oksa, Pia Roering, Seija Grènman
Primary chemotherapy treatment response monitoring in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is currently based on CT-imaging and serum CA125 values. Serum HE4 profile during first line chemotherapy has not been previously studied. We evaluated the HE4 profile during first line chemotherapy after primary (PDS) and interval debulking surgery (IDS). In total, 49 FIGO stage III/IV EOC patients were included in the study. 22 patients underwent PDS and 27 patients neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by IDS...
February 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214872/higher-numbers-of-t-bet-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-associate-with-better-survival-in-human-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#20
Yun Xu, Lujun Chen, Bin Xu, Yuqi Xiong, Min Yang, Xiaohui Rui, Liangrong Shi, Changping Wu, Jingting Jiang, Binfeng Lu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: T-bet, a member of the T-box family of transcription factors, is a key marker of type I immune response within the tumor microenvironment, and has been previously reported by us to serve as an important prognostic indicator for human gastric cancer patients and a potential biomarker for immunotherapy. In the present study, we aimed to assess the clinical significance and prognostic value of T-bet+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in human epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: The immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the infiltration density of T-bet+ lymphoid cells in human epithelial ovarian cancer tissues, and the flow cytometry analysis was used to further analyze the presence of T-bet+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes subgroups in cancer tissues...
January 30, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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